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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532433/partnering-with-women-collectives-for-delivering-essential-women-s-nutrition-interventions-in-tribal-areas-of-eastern-india-a-scoping-study
#1
Vani Sethi, Arti Bhanot, Surbhi Bhalla, Sourav Bhattacharjee, Abner Daniel, Deepika Mehrish Sharma, Rajkumar Gope, Saba Mebrahtu
BACKGROUND: We examined the feasibility of engaging women collectives in delivering a package of women's nutrition messages/services as a funded stakeholder in three tribal-dominated districts of Odisha, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh States, in eastern India. These districts have high prevalence of child stunting and poor government service outreach. METHODS: Conducted between July 2014 and March 2015, an exploratory mix-methods design was adopted (review of coverage data and government reports, field interviews and focus group discussion with multiple stakeholders and intended communities) to assess coverage of women's nutrition services...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529219/socio-demographic-characteristics-partner-characteristics-socioeconomic-variables-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-women-with-schizophrenia-in-south-south-nigeria
#2
Taiwo Opekitan Afe, Thomas C Emedoh, Olawale O Ogunsemi, Abosede Adekeje Adegohun
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common among patients with severe mental illness such as schizophrenia. Few surveys have explored IPV among this specific group of patients and the demographic characteristics of victims in Nigeria. The aim of this survey was to explore socio-demographic, socioeconomic characteristics of victims and partners. A cross-sectional randomized survey of 79 women with schizophrenia from a major adult psychiatric outpatient in South-south Nigeria was done. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) was used to establish the diagnosis of schizophrenia among the participants and a purposely designed questionnaire to assess IPV...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526332/trauma-informed-decision-making-among-providers-and-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-hiv-testing-a-qualitative-study
#3
Jessica R Williams, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Vanessa Ilias
We explored the process of implementing an HIV testing program at an intimate partner violence (IPV) service agency from the client and provider perspectives. A qualitative descriptive approach was used wherein semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 key informants (i.e., women with a history of IPV, HIV service providers, IPV service providers). Interviews focused on facilitators and barriers to HIV testing implementation, the decision-making process during HIV testing, and support needs. All interviews were recorded and transcribed...
May 4, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523437/using-participatory-action-research-to-develop-a-working-model-that-enhances-psychiatric-nurses-professionalism-the-architecture-of-stability
#4
Martin Salzmann-Erikson
Ward rules in psychiatric care aim to promote safety for both patients and staff. Simultaneously, ward rules are associated with increased patient violence, leading to neither a safe work environment nor a safe caring environment. Although ward rules are routinely used, few studies have explicitly accounted for their impact. To describe the process of a team development project considering ward rule issues, and to develop a working model to empower staff in their daily in-patient psychiatric nursing practices...
May 18, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522978/change-during-psychotherapy-through-sand-play-tray-in-children-that-have-been-sexually-abused
#5
María D L Angeles Tornero, Claudia Capella
This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the use of sandplay, or sand tray therapy, in the psychotherapeutic process of children who have been sexually abused. A longitudinal study was carried out with seven participants between the ages of 7 and 10 years old. Data was produced during observation of the therapeutic activity over the course of three different phases of treatment, using a rubric created especially for this observation. Three sandplay sessions were recorded: one at the start of therapy, one at the 3-month mark, and the third and final session after 6 months of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521751/an-integrated-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-and-psychological-distress-with-refugees-in-low-resource-settings-study-protocol-for-the-nguvu-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Wietse A Tol, M Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G Bonz, Judith K Bass, Jessie K K Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this population. IPV and psychological distress have a bi-directional relationship, indicating the potential benefit of a structured psychological component as part of efforts to reduce IPV for women currently in violent relationships. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating an 8-session integrated psychological and advocacy intervention (Nguvu) with female adult survivors of past-year IPV displaying moderate to severe psychological distress...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520478/violence-against-women-and-household-ownership-of-radios-computers-and-phones-in-20-countries
#7
Lauren F Cardoso, Susan B Sorenson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between household ownership of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and justifications for wife beating. METHODS: Women aged 15 to 49 years in 20 countries were surveyed via UNICEF's Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys between 2006 and 2014. Multivariate logistic regressions accounted for individual-, household-, and structural-level variables. RESULTS: Household ownership of any ICT (radio, computer, fixed phone, or mobile phone but not television) was associated with increased odds of women rejecting wife beating...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517968/a-community-based-qualitative-study-of-intergenerational-resilience-with-palestinian-refugee-families-facing-structural-violence-and-historical-trauma
#8
Devin G Atallah
The purpose of this study was to explore resilience processes in Palestinian refugee families living under Israeli occupation for multiple generations. Qualitative methods, critical postcolonial theories, and community-based research approaches were used to examine intergenerational protective practices and to contribute to reconceptualizations of resilience from indigenous perspectives. First, the researcher developed a collaborative partnership with a nongovernmental organization (NGO) in a UN refugee camp in the occupied West Bank...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516850/are-men-with-a-history-of-head-injury-less-responsive-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Felicia A Akerele, Christopher M Murphy, Megan R Williams
Head injury is highly prevalent among intimate partner violence (IPV) offenders. This study investigates responsivenessto cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for partnerviolent men with and without a history of head injury using archival data on 310 males seeking IPV counseling at a community domestic violence agency. Participants reported on their history of head injury, age at injury, and length of time unconscious in a structured interview at program intake. Criminal justice outcomes were assessed for the 2-year period after scheduled completion of treatment using a publicly available state database...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508138/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-forced-sex-among-south-african-high-school-students
#10
Saloshni Naidoo, Benn Sartorius, Hein de Vries, Myra Taylor
Sexual violence, a global concern, has far reaching consequences for individuals and communities. This survey of South African high school students, reported baseline prevalence and factors associated with forced sex. Data collected among 434 adolescents (54.4% boys; 45.6% girls) used a questionnaire developed using the I-Change Model conceptual framework. Forced sex prevalence was 14.2% (95% CI 9.1, 21.5) with a non-significant difference between females (15.0%) and males (13.6%) (p = 0.781). After multivariable adjustment, urban location (39%), low socio-economic status (15%) and discordant mother/father vital status (20%) remained significant risk factors for forced sex...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506014/experiencing-violence-in-a-psychiatric-setting-generalized-hypervigilance-and-the-influence-of-caring-in-the-fear-experienced
#11
Lydia Forté, Nathalie Lanctôt, Steve Geoffrion, André Marchand, Stéphane Guay
BACKGROUND: Exposure to violence in the mental health sector both affects employees and has implications for the quality of care provided. OBJECTIVE: This phenomenological study aims to describe and understand the ways in which acts of aggression from a patient might affect workers in a psychiatric institute, their relationships with the patients and the services offered. METHODS: Two semi-structured interviews were conducted with each of the 15 participants from various professions within a psychiatric hospital...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502218/recommendations-to-reduce-inequalities-for-lgbt-people-facing-advanced-illness-accesscare-national-qualitative-interview-study
#12
Katherine Bristowe, Matthew Hodson, Bee Wee, Kathryn Almack, Katherine Johnson, Barbara A Daveson, Jonathan Koffman, Linda McEnhill, Richard Harding
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or trans (LGBT) people have higher risk of certain life-limiting illnesses and unmet needs in advanced illness and bereavement. ACCESSCare is the first national study to examine in depth the experiences of LGBT people facing advanced illness. AIM: To explore health-care experiences of LGBT people facing advanced illness to elicit views regarding sharing identity (sexual orientation/gender history), accessing services, discrimination/exclusion and best-practice examples...
April 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501019/towards-a-feminist-understanding-of-intersecting-violence-against-women-and-children-in-the-family
#13
Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Kathleen O'Hara, Janet Nakuti, Paul Bukuluki, Julius Lwanyaaga, Sylvia Namakula, Barbrah Nanyunja, Milton L Wainberg, Dipak Naker, Lori Michau
While intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and violence against children (VAC) have emerged as distinct fields of research and programming, a growing number of studies demonstrate the extent to which these forms of violence overlap in the same households. However, existing knowledge of how and why such co-occurrence takes place is limited, particularly in the Global South. The current study aims to advance empirical and conceptual understanding of intersecting IPV and VAC within families in order to inform potential programming...
April 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499521/investigating-clinically-and-scientifically-useful-cut-points-on-the-compulsive-sexual-behavior-inventory
#14
Michael H Miner, Nancy Raymond, Eli Coleman, Rebecca Swinburne Romine
INTRODUCTION: One of the major obstacles to conducting epidemiologic research and determining the incidence and prevalence of compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) has been the lack of relevant empirically derived cut points on the various instruments that have been used to measure the concept. AIM: To further develop the Compulsive Sexual Behavior Inventory (CSBI) through exploring predictive validity and developing an empirically determined and clinically useful cut point for defining CSB...
May 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498865/when-do-traumatic-experiences-alter-risk-taking-behavior-a-machine-learning-analysis-of-reports-from-refugees
#15
Mareike Augsburger, Thomas Elbert
Exposure to traumatic stressors and subsequent trauma-related mental changes may alter a person's risk-taking behavior. It is unclear whether this relationship depends on the specific types of traumatic experiences. Moreover, the association has never been tested in displaced individuals with substantial levels of traumatic experiences. The present study assessed risk-taking behavior in 56 displaced individuals by means of the balloon analogue risk task (BART). Exposure to traumatic events, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression were assessed by means of semi-structured interviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492091/the-schizophrenia-stigma-and-mass-media-a-search-for-news-published-by-wide-circulation-media-in-brazil
#16
Francisco Bevilacqua Guarniero, Ruth Helena Bellinghini, Wagner Farid Gattaz
Schizophrenia is the most common illness used today as a metaphor in the media and routinely appears associated with crime and violence with no medical or scientific rigor, reinforcing the stigma against this disorder. Evaluation of the presence of structural stigma in the Brazilian media by means of a survey of printed news and the Internet using the term schizophrenia and its correlates under three aspects: (a) medical and scientific uses, (b) assigning a diagnosis of schizophrenia to crime suspects with little or no medical or scientific rigor, and (c) the metaphorical use...
May 11, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490358/effectively-engaging-stakeholders-and-the-public-in-developing-violence-prevention-messages
#17
Jennifer A Boyko, C Nadine Wathen, Anita Kothari
BACKGROUND: Preventing family violence requires that stakeholders and the broader public be involved in developing evidence-based violence prevention strategies. However, gaps exist in between what we know (knowledge), what we do (action), and the structures supporting practice (policy). DISCUSSION: We discuss the broad challenge of mobilizing knowledge-for-action in family violence, with a primary focus on the issue of how stakeholders and the public can be effectively engaged when developing and communicating evidence-based violence prevention messages...
May 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485667/physical-partner-violence-women-s-economic-status-and-help-seeking-behaviour-in-dar-es-salaam-and-mbeya-tanzania
#18
Seema Vyas, Jessie Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Women's responses to partner violence are influenced by a complex constellation of factors including: psychological attachment to the partner; context of the abuse; and structural factors, all of which shape available options for women outside of the relationship. OBJECTIVE: To describe women's responses to physical partner violence; and to understand the role of women's economic resources on their responses. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from Dar es Salaam and Mbeya, Tanzania...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484013/preferences-for-group-dominance-track-and-mediate-the-effects-of-macro-level-social-inequality-and-violence-across-societies
#19
Jonas R Kunst, Ronald Fischer, Jim Sidanius, Lotte Thomsen
Whether and how societal structures shape individual psychology is a foundational question of the social sciences. Combining insights from evolutionary biology, economy, and the political and psychological sciences, we identify a central psychological process that functions to sustain group-based hierarchies in human societies. In study 1, we demonstrate that macrolevel structural inequality, impaired population outcomes, socio-political instability, and the risk of violence are reflected in the endorsement of group hegemony at the aggregate population level across 27 countries (n = 41,824): The greater the national inequality, the greater is the endorsement of between-group hierarchy within the population...
May 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481562/strategies-for-coping-with-individual-ptsd-symptoms-experiences-of-african-american-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#20
Tami P Sullivan, Nicole H Weiss, Carolina Price, Nicole Pugh, Nathan B Hansen
OBJECTIVE: Understanding how populations at particular risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its deleterious outcomes cope with individual PTSD symptoms is critical to developing interventions that promote resilience, support recovery, and ultimately empower traumatized populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify specific strategies women use to cope with individual PTSD symptoms among a population at particular risk for experiencing trauma and its negative sequelae-African American victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) who use substances...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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