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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334226/ethnic-youth-and-sexual-identity-the-role-of-clinical-and-social-support-for-double-minorities
#1
Nicole Wong, David B Menkes
OBJECTIVES: Sexual-minority youth exhibit increased rates of psychiatric morbidity, subject to various social factors. We examine the impact of ethnicity and culture on these phenomena, with particular reference to Asian youth living in Western societies. CONCLUSIONS: Youth from minority ethnic groups who do not identify with their native gender and/or who are not exclusively heterosexual are known as 'double minorities'. Available evidence suggests that such individuals are at particularly increased risk of depression and suicide, but that this may be mitigated by social support...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334035/neural-correlates-of-ostracism-in-transgender-persons-living-according-to-their-gender-identity-a-potential-risk-marker-for-psychopathology
#2
Sven C Mueller, Katrien Wierckx, Sara Boccadoro, Guy T'Sjoen
BACKGROUND: Stigmatization in society carries a high risk for development of psychopathology. Transgender persons are at particularly high risk for such stigmatization and social rejection by others. However, the neural correlates of ostracism in this group have not been captured. METHOD: Twenty transgender men (TM, female-to-male) and 19 transgender women (TW, male-to-female) already living in their gender identity and 20 cisgender men (CM) and 20 cisgender women (CW) completed a cyberball task assessing both exclusion and re-inclusion during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
January 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333889/risking-it-anyway-an-adolescent-case-study-of-trauma-sexual-and-gender-identities-and-relationality
#3
Elizabeth A McConnell
This article presents the case of a Chinese-American adolescent with a significant trauma history who was questioning her sexual and gender identities. The implications of the client's intersecting identities for case conceptualization and treatment are considered within the framework of affirmative practices for sexual and gender minority (SGM) clients. The impacts of stress and trauma on this client's experiences-and SGM clients more broadly-are also considered, particularly with respect to how this client understood and negotiated her experiences of relational trauma...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331841/culture-beats-gender-the-importance-of-controlling-for-identity-and-parenting-related-risk-factors-in-adolescent-psychopathology
#4
Inge Seiffge-Krenke, Malte Persike, Elias Besevegis, Cecilia Chau, Neslihan Güney Karaman, Lyda Lannegrand-Willems, Katharzyna Lubiewska, Iffat Rohail
This study analyzed the unique effects of gender and culture on psychopathology in adolescents from seven countries after controlling for factors which might have contributed to variations in psychopathology. In a sample 2259 adolescents (M = 15 years; 54% female) from France, Germany, Turkey, Greece, Peru, Pakistan, and Poland identity stress, coping with identity stress, maternal parenting (support, psychological control, anxious rearing) and psychopathology (internalizing, externalizing and total symptomatology) were assessed...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331756/-you-re-repulsive-limits-to-acceptable-drunken-comportment-for-young-adults
#5
Sarah MacLean, Amy Pennay, Robin Room
BACKGROUND: Researchers have described a 'culture of intoxication' among young people. Yet drunkenness remains a socially risky practice with potential to evoke emotions of irritation and even disgust. We consider intoxicated practices that young adults in Melbourne, Australia, described as distasteful, to identify contemporary cultural forces that constrain intoxication and limit how it is enacted. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with 60 participants in Melbourne, Australia, each with recent drinking experience...
January 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331161/hormone-therapy-gender-affirmation-surgery-and-their-association-with-recent-suicidal-ideation-and-depression-symptoms-in-transgender-veterans
#6
Raymond P Tucker, Rylan J Testa, Tracy L Simpson, Jillian C Shipherd, John R Blosnich, Keren Lehavot
BACKGROUND: Access to transition-related medical interventions (TRMIs) for transgender veterans has been the subject of substantial public interest and debate. To better inform these important conversations, the current study investigated whether undergoing hormone or surgical transition intervention(s) relates to the frequency of recent suicidal ideation (SI) and symptoms of depression in transgender veterans. METHODS: This study included a cross-sectional, national sample of 206 self-identified transgender veterans...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330734/how-does-school-experience-relate-to-adolescent-identity-formation-over-time-cross-lagged-associations-between-school-engagement-school-burnout-and-identity-processing-styles
#7
Rasa Erentaitė, Rimantas Vosylis, Ingrida Gabrialavičiūtė, Saulė Raižienė
The existing research findings still do not provide a clear understanding of the links between adolescent school experience and their identity formation. To address this gap, we analyzed the dynamic links between adolescent school experiences and identity formation by exploring the cross-lagged associations between school engagement, school burnout and identity processing styles (information-oriented, normative and diffuse-avoidant) over a 2-year period during middle-to-late adolescence. The sample of this school-based study included 916 adolescents (51...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327446/current-and-military-specific-gender-minority-stress-factors-and-their-relationship-with-suicide-ideation-in-transgender-veterans
#8
Raymond P Tucker, Rylan J Testa, Mark A Reger, Tracy L Simpson, Jillian C Shipherd, Keren Lehavot
Research suggests the prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempts in the transgender veteran community may be upwards of 20 times higher than nontransgender veterans, who are known to be at increased risk than the general US population. This study aimed to understand the potential influence of external and internal minority stress experienced during and after military service on past-year and recent suicide ideation in a sample of 201 transgender veterans. Nonparametric bootstrapping analyses indicated past-year transgender-specific discrimination and rejection (external minority stress) indirectly predicted frequency of both past-year and past 2-week suicide ideation through past-year shame related to gender identity (internal minority stress)...
January 12, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325815/intersectionality-and-the-lgbt-cancer-patient
#9
REVIEW
Penny Damaskos, Beau Amaya, RuthAnn Gordon, Chasity Burrows Walters
OBJECTIVES: To present the ways in which race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexual orientation interact in the context of cancer risk, access to care, and treatment by health care providers. Cancer risk factors, access to care, and treatment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients are discussed within the context of intersectionality and cultural humility. DATA SOURCES: Peer reviewed articles, cancer organizations, and clinical practice. CONCLUSION: LGBT patients have multiple identities that intersect to create unique experiences...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324177/tobacco-use-among-adults-by-sexual-orientation-findings-from-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-study
#10
Christopher W Wheldon, Annette R Kaufman, Karin A Kasza, Richard P Moser
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize lifetime tobacco use across two measures of sexual orientation and six types of tobacco products. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (Wave 1, 2013-2014, USA) to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipes, hookah, and smokeless) stratified by gender (men/women), age (< 25/≥ 25 years old), and sexual orientation...
January 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318711/risk-factors-for-eating-disorder-psychopathology-within-the-treatment-seeking-transgender-population-the-role-of-cross-sex-hormone-treatment
#11
Bethany Alice Jones, Emma Haycraft, Walter Pierre Bouman, Nicola Brewin, Laurence Claes, Jon Arcelus
Many transgender people experience high levels of body dissatisfaction, which is one of the numerous factors known to increase vulnerability to eating disorder symptoms in the cisgender (non-trans) population. Cross-sex hormones can alleviate body dissatisfaction so might also alleviate eating disorder symptoms. This study aimed to explore risk factors for eating disorder symptoms in transgender people and the role of cross-sex hormones. Individuals assessed at a national transgender health service were invited to participate (N = 563)...
January 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318470/gendered-peer-involvement-in-girls-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-effects-of-prenatal-androgens-gendered-activities-and-gender-cognitions
#12
Sheri A Berenbaum, Adriene M Beltz, Kristina Bryk, Susan McHale
A key question in understanding gender development concerns the origins of sex segregation. Children's tendencies to interact with same-sex others have been hypothesized to result from gender identity and cognitions, behavioral compatibility, and personal characteristics. We examined whether prenatal androgen exposure was related to time spent with boys and girls, and how that gendered peer involvement was related to sex-typed activities and gender identity and cognitions. We studied 54 girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) aged 10-13 years varying in degree of prenatal androgen exposure: 40 girls with classical CAH (C-CAH) exposed to high prenatal androgens and 14 girls with non-classical CAH (NC-CAH) exposed to low, female-typical, prenatal androgens...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316885/cash-transfer-interventions-for-sexual-health-meanings-and-experiences-of-adolescent-males-and-females-in-inner-city-johannesburg
#13
Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine MacPhail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, there is growing interest in the use of cash transfer (CT) programs for HIV treatment and prevention. However, there is limited evidence of the consequences related to CT provision to adolescents in low-resourced urban settings. We explored the experiences of adolescents receiving CTs to assess the acceptability and unintended consequences of CT strategies in urban Johannesburg, South Africa. METHODS: We collected qualitative data during a pilot randomized controlled trial of three CT strategies (monthly payments unconditional vs...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310973/which-girls-which-boys-the-intersectional-risk-for-depression-by-race-and-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-u-s
#14
REVIEW
Pratima A Patil, Michelle V Porche, Nellie A Shippen, Nina T Dallenbach, Lisa R Fortuna
We sought to conduct the first systematic review of studies applying an intersectional lens to assessing risk and protective factors for depression in minority adolescents in the United States. Twenty-five studies were identified which investigated the role of racial and ethnic identity and gender for minority groups and how marginalization may be associated with differential outcomes in depression symptomology. The results showed substantial variability in whether studies intentionally operationalized intersectionality through theoretical frameworks, study design, sampling, and analyses...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303404/prevalence-of-substance-use-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-in-military-families-findings-from-the-california-healthy-kids-survey
#15
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Holly Shim-Pelayo
BACKGROUND: In addition to the challenges associated with military life, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth in military families may face stressors associated with having a stigmatized sexual orientation and/or gender identity or expression, placing them at risk of substance use. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study exploring substance use outcomes among LGBT youth in military families. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the role of military connection, LGB identity, and transgender identity on lifetime and past 30-day substance use...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303373/cardiac-autonomic-function-and-reactivity-tests-in-physically-active-subjects-with-moderately-severe-copd
#16
Jibril Mohammed, Eric Derom, Tine De Backer, Inge De Wandele, Patrick Calders
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) show impairments in the autonomic nervous systems (ANS) function, which is responsible for cardiac autonomic regulation. This study assessed the autonomic function and cardio-vagal reactivity in conveniently sampled subjects with COPD participating in a pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program. Twenty-six subjects with COPD and 22 age and gender matched control subjects were evaluated. R-R intervals were collected at rest in supine position. Thereafter, resting autonomic function parameters comprising linear and nonlinear analyses of heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) were calculated...
January 5, 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299789/hiv-related-healthcare-needs-and-access-barriers-for-brazilian-transgender-and-gender-diverse-people
#17
Angelo Brandelli Costa, Anna Martha Vaitses Fontanari, Ramiro Figueiredo Catelan, Karine Schwarz, Juliana Ledur Stucky, Heitor Tome da Rosa Filho, Paola Fagundes Pase, Daniel Augusto Mori Gagliotti, Alexandre Saadeh, Maria Inês Rodrigues Lobato, Henrique Caetano Nardi, Silvia Helena Koller
The aim of this study is to investigate HIV-related healthcare needs and access barriers for Brazilian transgender and gender diverse people. Data were collected from gender identity clinics and the questionnaire was also made available on the Internet. Out of the 543 participants-62.1% (n = 337) transgender women, 28.7 (n = 156) transgender men and 9.2% (n = 50) gender diverse people, 63.7% had been tested at least once in their lives. The prevalence of self-reported HIV-positive status among transgender women was 16...
January 3, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297774/unraveling-health-disparities-among-sexual-and-gender-minorities-a-commentary-on-the-persistent-impact-of-stigma
#18
Ronald O Valdiserri, David R Holtgrave, Tonia C Poteat, Chris Beyrer
LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) populations experience disparities in health outcomes, both physical and mental, compared to their heterosexual and cis-gender peers. This commentary confronts the view held by some researchers that the disparate rates of mental health problems reported among LGBT populations are the consequences of pursuing a particular life trajectory, rather than resulting from the corrosive and persistent impact of stigma. Suggesting that mental health disparities among LGBT populations arise internally, de novo, when individuals express non-heterosexual and non-conforming gender identities ignores the vast body of evidence documenting the destructive impact of socially-mediated stigma and systemic discrimination on health outcomes for a number of minorities, including sexual and gender minorities...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294974/childhood-familial-victimization-an-exploration-of-gender-and-sexual-identity-using-the-scale-of-negative-family-interactions
#19
Katherine Martinez, Courtney McDonald
Familial violence poses a serious public health concern and has therefore received a considerable amount of attention from academics and practitioners alike. Research within this field has found that parent-to-parent and parent-to-child violence often occur simultaneously and are especially prevalent within households that suffer from social and environmental stressors. Sibling violence and its relationship to these other forms of familial violence has received considerably less attention, largely related to the widely held belief that sibling violence is natural, especially for boys...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294932/rape-myth-acceptance-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-mostly-heterosexual-college-students
#20
Meredith G F Worthen
Although there is a wealth of existing research on various correlates and patterns of rape myth acceptance (RMA), including how RMA relates to homophobia (i.e., antigay and antilesbian perspectives) and negativity toward lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women rape victims, no research to date has specifically focused on RMA among LGB and "mostly heterosexual" men and women. The current study examines how gender, sexual identity, personal experiences with rape (i.e., knowing/being a survivor), feminist identity, patriarchal gender norms, attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, and the interactions among these relate to LGB college students' ( n = 389; 24% gay/lesbian, 19% bisexual, 57% mostly heterosexual) RMA using the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale-Short Form...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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