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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928680/addressee-identity-and-morphosyntactic-processing-in-basque-allocutive-agreement
#1
Max Wolpert, Simona Mancini, Sendy Caffarra
Information about interlocutor identity is pragmatic in nature and has traditionally been distinguished from explicitly coded linguistic information, including mophosyntax. Study of speaker identity in language processing has questioned this distinction, but addressee identity has been less considered. We used Basque to explore how addressee identity is processed during morphosyntactic analysis. In the familiar register hika, Basque has obligatory allocutive agreement, where verbal morphology represents the gender of a non-argument addressee...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923294/fundamental-limit-of-alpha-synuclein-pathology-in-gastrointestinal-biopsy-as-a-pathologic-biomarker-of-parkinson-s-disease-comparison-with-surgical-specimens
#2
Chaewon Shin, Sung-Hye Park, Ji Young Yun, Jung Hwan Shin, Han-Kwang Yang, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Seong-Ho Kong, Yun-Suhk Suh, Guangxun Shen, Yoon Kim, Han-Joon Kim, Beomseok Jeon
OBJECTIVE: Alpha-synuclein (AS) accumulation identified by immunohistochemistry (IHC) of gastrointestinal (GI) tract biopsies is considered as a potential pathologic biomarker for Parkinson's disease (PD). We compared AS IHC findings in biopsy specimens and surgically resected full-depth specimens to examine the reliability of GI tract biopsies. METHODS: We included patients with PD who had undergone operation of the GI tract for treatment of tumors. Controls were matched with age at operation, gender, and surgical resection site...
September 4, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922828/telling-stories-about-post-war-britain-popular-individualism-and-the-crisis-of-the-1970s
#3
Emily Robinson, Camilla Schofield, Florence Sutcliffe-Braithwaite, Natalie Thomlinson
This article argues that, by the 1970s, people in Britain were increasingly insistent about defining and claiming their individual rights, identities and perspectives. Using individual narratives and testimonies, we show that many were expressing desires for greater personal autonomy and self-determination. We suggest that this was an important trend across the post-war decades, and of particular importance to understanding the 1970s. This popular individualism was not the result of Thatcher; if anything, it was a cause of Thatcherism...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917622/does-gender-matter-an-analysis-of-men-s-and-women-s-accounts-of-responding-to-symptoms-of-lung-cancer
#4
Alice MacLean, Kate Hunt, Sarah Smith, Sally Wyke
Men are often portrayed - in research studies, 'common-sense' accounts and popular media - as reluctant users of health services. They are said to avoid going to the GP whenever possible, while women are portrayed, in presumed opposition, as consulting more readily, more frequently and with less serious complaints. Such stereotypes may inadvertently encourage doctors to pay greater heed to men's symptoms in 'routine' consultations. Although previous research has challenged this view with evidence, and suggested that links between gender identities and help-seeking are complex and fluid, gender comparative studies remain uncommon, and particularly few studies (either qualitative or quantitative) compare men and women with similar morbidity...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915984/a-global-perspective-on-gender-roles-and-identity
#5
EDITORIAL
Elizabeth Saewyc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915783/prediction-of-agreement-and-phonetic-overlap-shape-sublexical-identification
#6
Andrea E Martin, Philip J Monahan, Arthur G Samuel
The mapping between the physical speech signal and our internal representations is rarely straightforward. When faced with uncertainty, higher-order information is used to parse the signal and because of this, the lexicon and some aspects of sentential context have been shown to modulate the identification of ambiguous phonetic segments. Here, using a phoneme identification task (i.e., participants judged whether they heard [o] or [a] at the end of an adjective in a noun-adjective sequence), we asked whether grammatical gender cues influence phonetic identification and if this influence is shaped by the phonetic properties of the agreeing elements...
September 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915091/working-with-the-complexity-and-refusing-to-simplify-undocuqueer-meaning-making-at-the-intersection-of-lgbtq-and-immigrant-rights-discourses
#7
Jesus Cisneros
This study brings gender, sexuality, and immigration status, and their conceptual margins, to the center of analysis via the narratives of 31 self-identified undocuqueer immigrants. Undocuqueer immigrants ascribe meaning to their experiences by producing alternate subjectivities and subject positions that resist multiple axes of oppression. These subjectivities problematize the exclusionary repercussions of single axis identity categorization that mostly benefit those who already have some structural privileges...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914501/andrology-of-male-to-female-transsexuals-influence-of-cross-sex-hormone-therapy-on-testicular-function
#8
REVIEW
F Schneider, S Kliesch, S Schlatt, N Neuhaus
Patients with gender dysphoria are offered cross-sex hormone therapy and sex reassignment surgery to achieve the transition between the sex assigned at birth and gender identity. According to international guidelines, cross-sex hormone therapy in trans-women should lead to a psychologically and physiologically healthy body with feminized serum hormone levels, resulting in suppression of spermatogenesis. However, in a recently published multi-center study, we discovered a high proportion of patients with male serum hormone levels and qualitatively intact spermatogenesis on the day of sex reassignment surgery...
September 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914080/gender-identity-and-sexual-orientation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Rita George, Mark A Stokes
Clinical impressions indicate that there is an overrepresentation of gender-dysphoria within the autism spectrum disorder. However, little is presently known about the demographics of gender-identity issues in autism spectrum disorder. Based upon what little is known, we hypothesized that there would be an increased prevalence of gender-dysphoria among those with autism spectrum disorder compared to a typically developing population. We surveyed gender-dysphoria with the Gender-Identity/Gender-Dysphoria Questionnaire among 90 males and 219 females with autism spectrum disorder and compared these rates to those of 103 males and 158 females without autism spectrum disorder...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911327/negotiating-power-relations-gender-equality-and-collective-agency-are-village-health-committees-transformative-social-spaces-in-northern-india
#10
Kerry Scott, Asha S George, Steven A Harvey, Shinjini Mondal, Gupteswar Patel, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Participatory health initiatives ideally support progressive social change and stronger collective agency for marginalized groups. However, this empowering potential is often limited by inequalities within communities and between communities and outside actors (i.e. government officials, policymakers). We examined how the participatory initiative of Village Health, Sanitation, and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs) can enable and hinder the renegotiation of power in rural north India...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910253/characterizing-non-monosexual-women-at-risk-for-poor-mental-health-outcomes-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Lori E Ross, Melissa H Manley, Abbie E Goldberg, Alia Januwalla, Keisha Williams, Corey E Flanders
OBJECTIVES: Non-monosexual women - those who report attraction to or sexual relationships with individuals of more than one gender - have elevated risk for poor mental health outcomes. We aimed to examine which elements of non-monosexual experience are associated with this elevated risk. METHODS: We conducted a sequential exploratory mixed methods analysis of qualitative interview and survey data from 39 non-monosexual women recruited consecutively through prenatal care providers...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904593/criteria-for-the-transition-to-adulthood-developmental-features-of-emerging-adulthood-and-views-of-the-future-among-greek-studying-youth
#12
Evangelia Galanaki, Sophie Leontopoulou
This study investigated emerging adulthood and transition to adulthood in Greece, a highly underresearched issue in this country. Participants were 784 university students aged 17.5-27.5 years. Criteria for the transition to adulthood, developmental features of emerging adulthood, perceived adult status, views of the future (optimism), and sociodemographic variables were assessed. The results support the existence of emerging adulthood as a distinct life period in Greece. More than two thirds of the sample were self-perceived emerging adults...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903090/a-descriptive-analysis-of-alcohol-behaviors-across-gender-subgroups-within-a-sample-of-transgender-adults
#13
Jennifer M Staples, Elizabeth C Neilson, William H George, Brian P Flaherty, Kelly Cue Davis
OBJECTIVE: Transgender (trans) adults are identified as an at-risk group for problem alcohol use. Descriptive empirical data examining alcohol behaviors among trans adults is limited. The present study investigates alcohol behaviors - quantity, frequency, alcohol-related problems, and drinking to cope motives - across sex assigned at birth, gender expression, and gender identity subgroups within a sample of trans adults. METHOD: A total of 317 trans participants were recruited to complete a cross-sectional battery of online measures assessing alcohol use behaviors, alcohol-related problems, and drinking to cope...
August 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898392/black-adolescent-males-intersections-among-their-gender-role-identity-and-racial-identity-and-associations-with-self-concept-global-and-school
#14
Tamara R Buckley
Intersectional approaches for understanding identity have gained momentum in the social sciences. Black adolescent males are often perceived as threatening, underachieving, and hypermasculine, which is reinforced through media outlets and psychological research that portray them as a monolith rather than a heterogeneous group with multiple intersecting identities. This cross-sectional study of 70 Black adolescent males between 14 and 18 years old simultaneously explores their race and gender identities and associations with self-concept (global and school)...
September 12, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891323/functional-outcome-of-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-with-and-without-operative-treatment-using-identical-functional-bracing-protocol
#15
Che Siu Lim, David Lees, David P Gwynne-Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the functional results of operative and nonoperative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture using an identical rehabilitation program of functional bracing. METHODS: Over a 10-year period, 200 patients (99 operative, 101 nonoperative) aged between 18 and 65 years were treated at our institution's physiotherapy department after acute Achilles tendon rupture. There were 132 patients (62 operative, 70 nonoperative) available for a minimum 2-year follow-up (average 6...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890636/contributions-of-cognitive-motivational-factors-to-the-sense-of-identity
#16
Aleksandra Pilarska
This study addressed the relationship between sense of personal identity and thinking dispositions such as need for cognition, reflection, and integrative self-knowledge as well as modes of coping with self-related discrepancies through either excessive assimilation or accommodation. Participants were 544 young adults. The correlation and path analyses revealed, as expected, that need for cognition and integrative self-knowledge positively influenced one's sense of identity, while over-responsiveness to discrepant information about the self influenced it negatively...
2017: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885134/gay-seouls-expanding-religious-spaces-for-non-heterosexuals-in-south-korea
#17
Joseph Yi, Gowoon Jung, Saul Serna Segura, Joe Phillips, Jerry Z Park
What sorts of Protestant Christian congregations offer space for worship and dialogue among persons with different sexual orientations? The academic literature finds or assumes that non-heterosexuals are stigmatized or invisible in theologically conservative congregations and are welcomed in progressive, affirming congregations. This article develops an alternative claim that some conservative or evangelical congregations offer attractive spaces for many non-heterosexuals to worship and dialogue. We illustrate with an exploratory study of four, inclusive congregations in South Korea-two theologically progressive, two evangelical-whose pastors welcomed everybody regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880977/speech-situation-checklist-revised-investigation-with-adults-who-do-not-stutter-and-treatment-seeking-adults-who-stutter
#18
Martine Vanryckeghem, Michael Matthews, Peixin Xu
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Speech Situation Checklist for adults who stutter (SSC) in differentiating people who stutter (PWS) from speakers with no stutter based on self-reports of anxiety and speech disruption in communicative settings. The SSC's psychometric properties were examined, norms were established, and suggestions for treatment were formulated. Method: The SSC was administered to 88 PWS seeking treatment and 209 speakers with no stutter between the ages of 18 and 62...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874091/gender-in-clinical-neuropsychology-practice-survey-trends-and-comparisons-outside-the-specialty
#19
Jerry J Sweet, Catherine Lee, Leslie M Guidotti Breting, Laura M Benson
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes gender-related trends within clinical neuropsychology, based primarily on recurrent practice surveys within the specialty and, to a lesser extent, job-related information from medical specialties and the general U.S. labor market. METHOD: Chronological and cross-sectional analyses of professional practice survey data from 2005, 2010, and 2015 relevant to gender. As is common with survey data, descriptive analysis and independent samples t-tests were conducted...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873213/bioethics-children-and-the-environment
#20
Timothy F Murphy
Queer perspectives have typically emerged from sexual minorities as a way of repudiating flawed views of sexuality, mischaracterized relationships, and objectionable social treatment of people with atypical sexuality or gender expression. In this vein, one commentator offers a queer critique of the conceptualization of children in regard to their value for people's identities and relationships. According to this account, children are morally problematic given the values that make them desirable, their displacement of other beings and things entitled to moral protection, not to mention the damaging environmental effects that follow in the wake of population growth...
September 5, 2017: Bioethics
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