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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439873/gender-development-in-transgender-preschool-children
#1
Anne A Fast, Kristina R Olson
An increasing number of transgender children-those who express a gender identity that is "opposite" their natal sex-are socially transitioning, or presenting as their gender identity in everyday life. This study asks whether these children differ from gender-typical peers on basic gender development tasks. Three- to 5-year-old socially transitioned transgender children (n = 36) did not differ from controls matched on age and expressed gender (n = 36), or siblings of transgender and gender nonconforming children (n = 24) on gender preference, behavior, and belief measures...
April 25, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438525/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-trans-female-youth-s-access-to-health-care-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#2
Elizabeth A Johns, Harry Jin, Colette L Auerswald, Erin C Wilson
PURPOSE: Trans*female youth (TFY) are an underserved population at risk for a variety of poor health outcomes, in part related to barriers to accessing health and mental health care. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data collected with 250 TFY aged 16-24 years in the San Francisco Bay Area from 2012 to 2014. Logistic regression was used to test associations between sociodemographic variables and barriers to gender identity-based medical and mental health care...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438196/examiner-effect-on-the-objective-structured-clinical-exam-a-study-at-five-medical-schools
#3
Iris Schleicher, Karsten Leitner, Jana Juenger, Andreas Moeltner, Miriam Ruesseler, Bernd Bender, Jasmina Sterz, Karl-Friedrich Schuettler, Sarah Koenig, Joachim Gerhard Kreuder
BACKGROUND: The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is increasingly used at medical schools to assess practical competencies. To compare the outcomes of students at different medical schools, we introduced standardized OSCE stations with identical checklists. METHODS: We investigated examiner bias at standardized OSCE stations for knee- and shoulder-joint examinations, which were implemented into the surgical OSCE at five different medical schools. The checklists for the assessment consisted of part A for knowledge and performance of the skill and part B for communication and interaction with the patient...
April 24, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437523/emergency-department-query-for-patient-centered-approaches-to-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-the-equality-study
#4
Adil H Haider, Eric B Schneider, Lisa M Kodadek, Rachel R Adler, Anju Ranjit, Maya Torain, Ryan Y Shields, Claire Snyder, Jeremiah D Schuur, Laura Vail, Danielle German, Susan Peterson, Brandyn D Lau
Importance: The Institute of Medicine and The Joint Commission recommend routine documentation of patients' sexual orientation in health care settings. Currently, very few health care systems collect these data since patient preferences and health care professionals' support regarding collection of data about patient sexual orientation are unknown. Objective: To identify the optimal patient-centered approach to collect sexual orientation data in the emergency department (ED) in the Emergency Department Query for Patient-Centered Approaches to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity study...
April 24, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430032/sociocultural-hegemony-gendered-identity-and-use-of-traditional-and-complementary-medicine-in-ghana
#5
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Daniel Buor, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Prince Osei-Wusu Adjei, Padmore Adusei Amoah
This study investigated the gender differences in use of traditional and complementary medicine (TCM) in Ghana. Using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, we collected data from March to June 2013 from 324 randomly sampled adults in the Ashanti Region. The prevalence of TCM use in the prior 12 months was 86%. Females constituted the majority (61%) of TCM users. Female TCM users were more likely than male users to have had only a basic education, been traders (p ˂ .0001), and had health insurance (p ˂ ...
April 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430013/barriers-to-access-to-sterile-syringes-as-perceived-by-pharmacists-and-injecting-drug-users-implications-for-harm-reduction-in-lebanon
#6
Ali Ghaddar, Karine Nassar, Ghadier Elsoury
BACKGROUND: Access to sterile syringes to injecting drug users (IDU) reduces sharing behavior and prevents the transmission of HIV. OBJECTIVES: To describe the barriers to access to sterile syringes for IDUs in Lebanon from the perspectives of pharmacists and IDUs. METHODS: in this qualitative study conducted in Lebanon, data were collected from 72 syringe purchase tests at pharmacies, 64 interviewees with pharmacists and 2 focus groups with injecting drug users...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426297/note-from-the-editor-in-chief-who-wants-to-exclude-older-lgbt-persons-from-public-health-surveillance
#7
Alfredo Morabia
It is sobering to publish Sell's call for every federal survey to include questions about sexual orientation and gender identity precisely when the Trump Administration excludes such questions from the proposed 2017 National Survey of Older Americans Act Participants (NSOAAP) conducted by the Administration for Community Living (ACL) in the Department of Health and Human Services. In particular, NSOAAP question DE1a, introduced in 2014, asked "Which of the following best represents how you think of yourself? Lesbian or Gay; Straight, that is, not lesbian or gay; Bisexual; Something else; Refused; Don't know...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425741/development-of-identity-clarity-and-content-in-adulthood
#8
Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Seth M Spain, Kimberly Cologgi, Brent W Roberts
The current research examines self-concept clarity over 2 assessment points with the aims of establishing patterns of stability and change in self-concept clarity across adulthood, modeling corollary changes in traits and health-related role limitations, and demonstrating the ways in which gender and age moderate these patterns. Within this sample of 461 adults age 19-86 years of age, self-concept clarity had robust rank-order stability and no significant mean-level change during a 3-year assessment window...
May 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425220/associations-between-the-transsexual-voice-questionnaire-tvq-mtf-and-self-report-of-voice-femininity-and-acoustic-voice-measures
#9
Georgia Dacakis, Jennifer Oates, Jacinta Douglas
BACKGROUND: The Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ(MtF) ) was designed to capture the voice-related perceptions of individuals whose gender identity as female is the opposite of their birth-assigned gender (MtF women). Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the TVQ(MtF) is ongoing. AIMS: To investigate associations between TVQ(MtF) scores and (1) self-perceptions of voice femininity and (2) acoustic parameters of voice pitch and voice quality in order to evaluate further the validity of the TVQ(MtF) ...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424999/alcohol-use-exacerbates-acculturative-stress-among-recently-immigrated-young-adult-latinas
#10
Melissa M Ertl, Frank R Dillon, Jessica L Martin, Rosa Babino, Mario De La Rosa
Associations between theorized sociocultural factors and acculturative stress were examined among Latina immigrants (aged 18-23 years) during their initial months in the US. Participants' quantity of alcohol use was hypothesized to be linked with more acculturative stress. Using respondent-driven sampling, 530 Latinas who recently immigrated to Miami-Dade County, Florida, were recruited from community activities, Latino health fairs, advertisements at community agencies, and online postings. A path analysis revealed associations between acculturative stress and more time in the US and greater commitment to ethnic identity...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423211/-driving-to-the-edge-of-the-cliff-transgender-mental-health
#11
EDITORIAL
Russell Ashmore, Elizabeth Collier
Three years ago a member of our family disclosed that they were transgender. The umbrella term transgender refers to 'a significant minority of people whose gender expression or identity differs from societal expectations of their assigned sex at birth' (Bailey et al. 2014). We had not faced anything like this before and we quickly learnt that transgender issues provoke strong opinions and emotions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422615/understanding-how-sexual-and-gender-minority-stigmas-influence-depression-among-trans-women-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-india
#12
Venkatesan Chakrapani, Pandara Purayil Vijin, Carmen H Logie, Peter A Newman, Murali Shunmugam, Murugesan Sivasubramanian, Miriam Samuel
PURPOSE: Few studies have assessed how sexual and gender minority stigmas affect the mental health of trans women and self-identified men who have sex with men (MSM) in India, populations with a high HIV burden. We tested whether social support and resilient coping act as mediators of the effect of sexual and gender minority stigmas on depression as proposed by Hatzenbuehler's psychological mediation framework, or as moderators based on Meyer's minority stress theory. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among trans women (n = 300) and MSM (n = 300) recruited from urban and rural sites in India...
April 19, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415961/changing-practices-and-shifting-meanings-of-female-genital-cutting-among-the-maasai-of-arusha-and-manyara-regions-of-tanzania
#13
Hannelore Van Bavel, Gily Coene, Els Leye
Using mixed methods that combined participant observation and semi-structured in-depth interviews, this study looked at changing practices and shifting meanings of female genital cutting among the Maasai people in Tanzania. The findings suggest that an increasing social pressure to abandon female genital cutting has inspired the hiding of the practice, causing the actual cutting to become detached from its traditional ceremonial connotations. This detaching of cutting from ceremony has created a shift in meanings: the ceremony still carries the meaning of passage into adulthood, while the cutting seems to function as a way of inscribing Maasai identity into the body...
April 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415855/predicting-jet-lag-in-long-haul-cabin-crew-the-role-of-illness-cognitions-and-behaviour
#14
Cristina Ruscitto, Jane Ogden
OBJECTIVE: Established risk factors for jet lag are mostly physiological including circadian preference, age, gender, the number of flight zones crossed and to some extent direction of travel. Some research has also highlighted a role for psychosocial factors including sleep, diet and 'circadian' health behaviours and illness cognitions although this remains relatively untested. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of sleep, diet and illness cognitions in predicting perceived jet lag amongst long-haul crew...
April 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411424/drug-use-among-transgender-people-in-ontario-canada-disparities-and-associations-with-social-exclusion
#15
Ayden I Scheim, Greta R Bauer, Mostafa Shokoohi
INTRODUCTION: We identified the prevalence and correlates of past-year illicit drug use among transgender people in Ontario, Canada, and disparities with the age-standardized non-transgender population. METHODS: Data on transgender persons aged 16+ (n=406) were obtained from Trans PULSE, a respondent-driven sampling (RDS) survey (2009-2010). Overall and sex-specific estimates of past-year drug use (cocaine and amphetamines, based on data availability) in the reference population were obtained from Ontario residents aged 16+ (n=39, 980) in the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010), and standardized to the overall and gender-specific transgender age distributions...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406274/barriers-and-facilitators-to-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-kingston-jamaica-a-qualitative-study
#16
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Natasha Brien, Nicolette Jones, Nakia Lee-Foon, Kandasi Levermore, Annecka Marshall, Laura Nyblade, Peter A Newman
INTRODUCTION: Young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jamaica have the highest HIV prevalence in the Caribbean. There is little information about HIV among transgender women in Jamaica, who are also overrepresented in the Caribbean epidemic. HIV-related stigma is a barrier to HIV testing among Jamaica's general population, yet little is known of MSM and transgender women's HIV testing experiences in Jamaica. We explored perceived barriers and facilitators to HIV testing among young MSM and transgender women in Kingston, Jamaica...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403322/serum-concentrations-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-patients-diagnosed-with-gender-dysphoria-undergoing-sex-reassignment-surgery
#17
Maiko A Schneider, Tahiana Andreazza, Anna Martha V Fontanari, Angelo B Costa, Dhiordan C da Silva, Bianca W de Aguiar, Raffael Massuda, Mariana Pedrini, Clarissa S Gama, Karine Schwarz, Marcia Kauer-Sant'Anna, Maria Ines R Lobato
Introduction: Transsexualism (ICD-10) is a condition characterized by a strong and persistent dissociation with one's assigned gender. Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) and hormone therapy provide a means of allowing transsexual individuals to feel more congruent with their gender and have played a major role in treatment over the past 70 years. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) appears to play a key role in recovery from acute surgical trauma and environmentally mediated vulnerability to psychopathology...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402749/mental-health-concerns-and-insurance-denials-among-transgender-adolescents
#18
Leena Nahata, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Amy C Tishelman
PURPOSE: Transgender youth are at high risk for mental health morbidities. Based on treatment guidelines, puberty blockers and gender-affirming hormone therapy should be considered to alleviate distress due to discordance between an individual's assigned sex and gender identity. The goals of this study were to examine the: (1) prevalence of mental health diagnoses, self-injurious behaviors, and school victimization and (2) rates of insurance coverage for hormone therapy, among a cohort of transgender adolescents at a large pediatric gender program, to understand access to recommended therapy...
April 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402223/lgbtq-young-adults-on-the-street-and-on-campus-identity-as-a-product-of-social-context
#19
Rachel M Schmitz, Kimberly A Tyler
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and other sexual and gender minority (LGBTQ+) young adults face unique identity-related experiences based on their immersion in distinctive social contexts. The predominant framework of performing separate analyses on samples of LGBTQ+ young people by their primary social status obfuscates more holistic understandings of the role of social context. Using 46 in-depth interviews with LGBTQ+ college students and LGBTQ+ homeless young adults, we ask: How are LGBTQ+ young adults' capacities for "doing" their gender and sexual identities shaped by their distinctive social contexts? In developing their identities, both groups of LGBTQ+ young adults navigated their social environments to seek out resources and support...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402183/halloween-costume-choices-reflections-of-gender-development-in-early-childhood
#20
Lisa M Dinella
The author examined whether preschoolers' Halloween costume choices reflect their gender development. The sample consisted of 110 (53 boys, 57 girls) infant through preschool-aged participants, and 1 parent of each child. Both observational methodologies and parent-report surveys were used to assess the gender-typed nature of children's Halloween costumes, information about the Halloween costume choice process, and about the children's gender development. Boys' costumes were more masculine and girls' costumes were more feminine...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
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