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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528397/perioperative-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-function-in-patients-with-silent-corticotroph-adenomas
#1
Abdelle F Cheres, Nadine ElAsmar, Aman Rajpal, Warren R Selman, Baha M Arafah
BACKGROUND: Silent corticotroph adenomas (SCAs) are characterized by strong ACTH immunostaining without clinical manifestations of hypercortisolism. Patients with SCAs often present with mechanical symptoms related to tumor growth. This study investigates the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (HPA) characteristics after adenomectomy in patients with SCAs. METHODS: Biochemical parameters of HPA function were monitored frequently after surgical resection of non-functioning macroadenomas...
May 20, 2017: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524555/considering-gender-and-student-leadership-through-the-lens-of-intersectionality
#2
Daniel Tillapaugh, Donald Mitchell, Krista M Soria
This chapter explores the concept of intersectionality and its applicability to student leadership development as well as recommendations on how intersectionality can provide transformative learning for students of all gender identities.
June 2017: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523232/male-to-female-gender-dysphoria-gender-specific-differences-in-resting-state-networks
#3
Benjamin Clemens, Jessica Junger, Katharina Pauly, Josef Neulen, Christiane Neuschaefer-Rube, Dirk Frölich, Gianluca Mingoia, Birgit Derntl, Ute Habel
INTRODUCTION: Recent research found gender-related differences in resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). To the best of our knowledge, there are no studies examining the differences in rs-FC between men, women, and individuals who report a discrepancy between their anatomical sex and their gender identity, i.e. gender dysphoria (GD). METHODS: To address this important issue, we present the first fMRI study systematically investigating the differences in typical resting-state networks (RSNs) and hormonal treatment effects in 26 male-to-female GD individuals (MtFs) compared with 19 men and 20 women...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520812/the-effect-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-osseous-healing-in-dogs-undergoing-high-tibial-osteotomy
#4
Samuel P Franklin, Emily E Burke, Shannon P Holmes
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether platelet-rich plasma (PRP) enhances osseous healing in conjunction with a high tibial osteotomy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty-four client-owned pet dogs with naturally occurring rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament and that were to be treated with a high tibial osteotomy (tibial plateau leveling osteotomy) were randomized into the treatment or control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517944/attitudes-toward-and-prevalence-of-extramarital-sex-and-descriptions-of-extramarital-partners-in-the-21st-century
#5
Lindsay T Labrecque, Mark A Whisman
Using the most recent nine waves of data from the General Social Survey, which consists of in-person interviews of independent probability samples of the adult household population of the United States, the purposes of this study were to (a) provide descriptive information on adults' attitudes toward extramarital sex, lifetime and annual prevalence of extramarital sex among ever-married adults, and the identity of the extramarital sex partner(s) of currently married adults; (b) evaluate temporal trends in attitudes toward and prevalence of extramarital sex from 2000 to 2016; and (c) test for gender differences in attitudes toward and prevalence of extramarital sex and descriptions of the extramarital partner...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511045/stigma-and-diurnal-cortisol-among-transitioning-transgender-men
#6
L Zachary DuBois, Sally Powers, Bethany G Everett, Robert-Paul Juster
This study assessed diurnal cortisol functioning in relation to stigma-based transition-specific stressors experienced by transgender men during their transition from female to male. Sixty-five healthy transgender men undergoing testosterone therapy participated in in-person interviews through which transition-specific stressors were identified. Interviews were coded according to participant reported (1) Transitioning-identity stress; (2) Coming Out stress; (3) Gender-specific Public Bathroom stress; and (4) levels of general Perceived Stress...
May 8, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511032/correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Kyoungrim Kang, Leila Gholizadeh, Sally C Inglis, Hae-Ra Han
BACKGROUND: By the increasing emphasis on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with myocardial infarction (MI), it is necessary to explore factors that affect HRQoL in this population. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify correlates of HRQoL in patients with MI. DESIGN: A literature review of the factors that affect HRQoL in patients with MI (1995-2016). DATA SOURCES: Three main databases-CINAHL, MEDLINE and PsychINFO-were searched to retrieve relevant peer-reviewed articles published in English...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508706/british-pakistani-lesbians-existing-within-the-confines-of-the-closet
#8
Asifa Siraj
This study explores the complex interaction between ethnicity, gender and [homo]sexuality and how this creates a framework of stigma that compels some British Pakistani lesbians to remain within the closet. The 'closet' here is a metaphor that describes the concealment of one's homosexual identity and the outward 'performance' of heterosexuality. British Pakistani lesbians precariously inhabit a sociocultural environment that constrains the expression of female sexuality. Women who oppose and contravene heteronormative values and ideals unsettle comfortable assumptions of heterosexuality...
May 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506181/intersectionality-in-the-lives-of-lgbtq-youth-identifying-as-lgbtq-and-finding-community-in-small-cities-and-rural-towns
#9
Wendy Hulko, Jessica Hovanes
This paper presents an analysis of the views of younger bisexual and lesbian women and transgender youth living in a Western Canadian small city on their sexual and gender identities. Data were collected through focus groups and interviews and analyzed thematically through an intersectional lens. The purposive sample was comprised of 13 youth who identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and/or queer (LGBTQ) and whose average age was 19.8 years. The analytical themes of identifying and being identified, talking intersectionality, and living in a small town indicate that the sexual identities and gender identities and/or expressions of LGBTQ youth change across time and context and are impacted by often overlooked factors including faith, Indigeneity, disability, and class...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502218/recommendations-to-reduce-inequalities-for-lgbt-people-facing-advanced-illness-accesscare-national-qualitative-interview-study
#10
Katherine Bristowe, Matthew Hodson, Bee Wee, Kathryn Almack, Katherine Johnson, Barbara A Daveson, Jonathan Koffman, Linda McEnhill, Richard Harding
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or trans (LGBT) people have higher risk of certain life-limiting illnesses and unmet needs in advanced illness and bereavement. ACCESSCare is the first national study to examine in depth the experiences of LGBT people facing advanced illness. AIM: To explore health-care experiences of LGBT people facing advanced illness to elicit views regarding sharing identity (sexual orientation/gender history), accessing services, discrimination/exclusion and best-practice examples...
April 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497279/aspiring-to-have-the-looks-of-a-celebrity-young-girls-engagement-in-appearance-management-behaviors
#11
Jolien Trekels, Steven Eggermont
Research suggests that sexualizing media messages are present in teen media and negatively affect young girls' body image. Yet, it is unknown whether exposure to teen television programs is associated with girls' engagement in appearance management behaviors. Two-wave longitudinal data among 785 girls (Mage = 11.65 years) were collected. Results show that teen television exposure was longitudinally related to appearance management, while the reverse relation was not supported. Approximately half of the girls indicated to manage their appearance to some extent, and 13- to 14-year-old girls were more likely to invest in their appearance than younger girls...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495667/fifteen-minute-consultation-in-the-normal-child-challenges-relating-to-sexuality-and-gender-identity-in-children-and-young-people
#12
Thomas O'Neill, Justin Wakefield
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT+) young people face several challenges in their daily lives, including specific healthcare inequalities. Negative societal attitudes towards sexual and gender minorities, and the effects of regular experiences of bullying and homophobia/transphobia exacerbate the normal trials and tribulations of childhood and adolescence. Barriers to accessing healthy activities, such as sport, are created by perceived stigma and real-life experiences. Healthcare environments are by default heteronormative and contribute to the isolation and exclusion of LGBT+ young people...
May 11, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495106/israel-health-and-beyond
#13
REVIEW
Karl Skorecki, Richard Horton
The principle that global human identity and dignity supersede other values is a broadly accepted conviction that guides practice and policies in the realm of human health in most of the world. An assessment of the level of success that Israel has achieved in health, in the face of formidable challenges, including rapid population growth, diverse and often divided ethnic affiliations, and existential security threats, leads us to propose that extension of this principle of global human identity and dignity, together with the objective of a decent society, as overriding values beyond health to other domains of human endeavour within Israel and in its relations with neighbouring peoples, represents an entirely achievable imperative...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493737/autonomy-support-for-conflictual-and-stigmatized-identities-effects-on-ownership-and-psychological-health
#14
Netta Weinstein, Nicole Legate, William S Ryan, Constantine Sedikides, Philip J Cozzolino
Important others' perceptions influence self-perceptions. This presents a challenge for the critical developmental task of integrating all aspects of identity, as identities that are devalued or stigmatized by society are harder to own than valued ones. Across 3 studies, we tested the idea that conflictual or stigmatized identities are harder to own, or integrate into the self, than are nonconflictual ones, and we examine how receiving autonomy support for an identity-support for authentic identity exploration and expression-can facilitate ownership of that identity...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492709/differential-reporting-of-discriminatory-experiences-in-brazil-and-the-united-states
#15
Sarah Burgard, Debora de Pina Castiglione, Katherine Y Lin, Aline A Nobre, Estela M L Aquino, Alexandre C Pereira, Isabela J Martins Bensenor, Sandhi M Barreto, Dora Chor
There has been little cross-national comparison of perceived discrimination, and few studies have considered how intersectional identities shape perception of discriminatory treatment in different societies. Using data from the ELSA-Brasil, a study of Brazilian civil servants, and the Americans' Changing Lives Study, a nationally-representative sample of U.S. adults, we compare reports of lifetime discrimination among race-by-gender groups in each society. We also consider whether educational attainment explains any group differences, or if differences across groups vary by level of education...
May 8, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491465/the-potential-scientist-s-dilemma-how-the-masculinization-of-science-shapes-friendships-and-science-job-preferences
#16
G Robin Gauthier, Patricia Wonch Hill, Julia McQuillan, Amy N Spiegel, Judy Diamond
In the United States, girls and boys have similar science achievement, yet fewer girls aspire to science careers than boys. This paradox emerges in middle school, when peers begin to play a stronger role in shaping adolescent identities. We use complete network data from a single middle school and theories of gender, identity, and social distance to explore how friendship patterns might influence this gender and science paradox. Three patterns highlight the social dimensions of gendered science persistence: (1) boys and girls do not differ in self-perceived science potential and science career aspirations; (2) consistent with gender-based norms, both middle school boys and girls report that the majority of their female friends are not science kinds of people; and (3) youth with gender-inconsistent science aspirations are more likely to be friends with each other than youth with gender normative science aspirations...
March 2017: Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490240/-body-image-and-body-image-distortion
#17
Ildikó Ábrahám, Máté Jambrik, Balázs John, Adrienn Réka Németh, Nóra Franczia, Laura Csenki
The aim of this literature review is to integrate the results of various studies regarding body image and body image distortion into a unified framework. The concept of body image is complex and can be interpreted from multiple points of view. The first part of the study touches upon different age characteristics, attentional focus on the body, the early and important role of the body in identity formation, specific features in adolescence, gender differences, and the often-observed stability of body image (distortion), which may be present as a (trait) marker throughout the lifespan...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488251/ethnic-identity-and-regional-differences-in-mental-health-in-a-national-sample-of-african-american-young-adults
#18
Monnica T Williams, Gerardo Duque, Chad T Wetterneck, L Kevin Chapman, Ryan C T DeLapp
Prior research has found that a strong positive ethnic identity is a protective factor against anxiety and depression in African Americans. In this study, ethnic identity is examined in a geographically representative sample of African American young adults (n = 242), using the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) (Phinney in J Adolescent Res 7:156-76, 15). The two-factor structure of the measure (Roberts et al. in J Early Adolescence 19:301-22, 1) was analyzed using a structural equation model and displayed an acceptable fit only when multiple error terms were correlated...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486701/cancer-in-transgender-people-evidence-and-methodological-considerations
#19
Hayley Braun, Rebecca Nash, Vin Tangpricha, Janice Brockman, Kevin Ward, Michael Goodman
Transgender people comprise a diverse group of individuals whose gender identity or expression differs from that originally assigned to them at birth. Some, but not all, transgender people elect to undergo medical gender affirmation, which may include therapy with cross-sex hormones and/or surgical change of the genitalia and other sex characteristics. As cross-sex hormones administered for the purposes of gender affirmation may be delivered at high doses and over a period of decades, the carcinogenicity of hormonal therapy in transgender people is an area of considerable concern...
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486372/pregnancy-outcomes-after-fertility-preservation-in-transgender-men
#20
Susan Maxwell, Nicole Noyes, David Keefe, Alan S Berkeley, Kara N Goldman
BACKGROUND: Transgender individuals, individuals whose gender identity does not align with their sex assigned at birth, undergoing gender-affirming hormonal or surgical therapies may experience loss of fertility. Assisted reproductive technologies have expanded family-building options for transgender men who were assigned female at birth. CASES: Three transgender men underwent oocyte cryopreservation before gender-affirming hormonal therapy. One patient underwent fertility preservation as an adolescent...
May 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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