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Nadia Richer, Andrée-Anne Marchand, Martin Descarreaux
Objective: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of adding cryostimulation to manual therapy in patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis. Methods: The control group (n = 19) was treated with manual therapy consisting of soft-tissue therapy and radial head mobilizations. The experimental group (n = 18) received cryostimulation in addition to manual therapy care similar to that for the control group. Both protocols consisted of 8 treatments over a 4-week period...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Elzbieta Miller, Agnieszka Morel, Justyna Redlicka, Igor Miller, Joanna Saluk
Cognitive impairment is one of the most important clinical features of neurodegenerative disorders including multiple sclerosis (MS). Conducted research shows that up to 65 percent of MS patients have cognitive deficits such as episodic memory, sustained attention, reduced verbal fluency; however, the cognitive MS domain is information processing speed. It is the first syndrome of cognitive dysfunction and the most widely affected in MS. Occasionally these impairments occur even before the appearance of physical symptoms...
November 9, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
Bronisława Skrzep-Poloczek, Ewa Romuk, Bernadeta Wiśnowiska, Aleksander J Owczarek, Piotr Choręza, Aleksander Sieroń, Ewa Birkner, Dominika Stygar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to verify the effect of whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) in rats on their antioxidant systems, lipid peroxidation products, and their total oxidative status at different exposure times and temperatures. METHODS: Antioxidants in serum, plasma, liver, and erythrocytes were evaluated in two study groups following 1 min of exposure to -60°C and -90°C, for 5 and 10 consecutive days. RESULTS: WBC increased the activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase in the group subjected to 5 and 10 days exposure, -60°C...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Agata Stanek, Karolina Sieroń-Stołtny, Ewa Romuk, Armand Cholewka, Tomasz Wielkoszyński, Grzegorz Cieślar, Sebastian Kwiatek, Aleksander Sieroń, Aleksandra Kawczyk-Krupka
BACKGROUND: Whole-body cryostimulation (WBC) is the therapeutic exposure of the total human body (without underwear) to a very low temperature (below -100°C) for 120-180 s. Currently, WBC is used more frequently not only in the treatment of patients suffering from various diseases, but also by healthy people as a wellness method. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research is to evaluate the impact of WBC procedures on oxidative stress parameters in healthy men. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 healthy male subjects who were randomly divided into 2 groups: 16 men exposed to WBC procedures with subsequent kinesiotherapy (WBC group) and 16 men exposed only to kinesiotherapy procedures (KT group)...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Magdalena Kepinska, Joanna Gdula-Argasinska, Zbigniew Dabrowski, Marta Szarek, Wanda Pilch, Agnieszka Kreska-Korus, Zbigniew Szygula
Whole body cryotherapy (WBC) is a treatment often used by athletes as part of biological renewal. Despite the large interest in this form therapy there is still a lack of information on the effects of WBC on the concentration of fatty acids in erythrocyte membranes. Our study aimed at comparing the fatty acids (FA) composition of erythrocyte membranes of athletes after one session and after a series of sessions of whole body cryostimulation. In our study small changes in the level of total cholesterol (decrease) were observed 24 h after a single session...
February 2017: Cryobiology
Romain Bouzigon, Frederic Grappe, Gilles Ravier, Benoit Dugue
Cold therapy is commonly used as a method to relieve pain and inflammation. This review focuses primarily on two methods of cold therapy that have received recent attention: whole-body cryotherapy and partial-body cryotherapy. These methods are used to induce physiological and psychological benefits in humans in the context of medicine, health and sports. The subjects experiencing cryotherapy are dressed in minimal clothing and are exposed to very cold air (at -110°C or less) for 1-4min. Despite the increasing scientific interest in these methods, there is a lack of information about the technologies used...
October 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Czesław Giemza, Ewa Bieć, Bożena Ostrowska, Bogusława Piechaczek, Georg Sitny, Michał Kuczyński
[Purpose] Whole body cryotherapy has been shown to have many benefits, yet nothing is known if and how this modality can improve neuromuscular performance and retain those improvements. [Subjects and Methods] Joint position sense based on the bilateral knee joint matching test and simple reaction time was investigated in 25 young healthy adults who underwent an extended period of whole body cryostimulation. The measurements were taken at baseline and after 10, 20, and 30 whole body cryotherapy sessions, with three days elapsing after the last treatment, and comparing the results with 24 control subjects...
May 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
E Miller, J Kostka, T Włodarczyk, B Dugué
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of whole-body cryostimulation (WBC) on fatigue and functional status in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with different levels of fatigue. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two groups of 24 MS patients with fatigue were studied. At the beginning of the study, the first group presented a Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) score between 38 and 42 (low-fatigue (LF) group), and the second group had an FSS score between 48 and 52 (high-fatigue (HF) group)...
December 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Katarzyna Dulian, Radosław Laskowski, Tomasz Grzywacz, Sylwester Kujach, Damian J Flis, Mirosław Smaruj, Ewa Ziemann
The anti-inflammatory effect induced by exposure to low temperature might trigger the endocrine function of muscle and fat tissue. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the whole body cryostimulation (CRY) on irisin, a myokine which activates oxygen consumption in fat cells as well as thermogenesis. In addition, the relationship between hepcidin (Hpc) - hormone regulating iron metabolism, and inflammation was studied. A group of middle aged men (n = 12, 38 ± 9 years old, BMI > 30 kg m(-2)) participated in the study...
December 2015: Cryobiology
Anna Lubkowska, Wioleta Dudzińska, Iwona Bryczkowska, Barbara Dołęgowska
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of six-month-long physical exercise programme with a two-time exposure to whole-body cryostimulation (WBC) in 20 sessions on antioxidant enzyme activities, lipid profile, and body composition changes in obese people (30 adult subjects; BMI = 30.39 ± 4.31 kg/m(2)). Blood samples were taken before the programme, one month following the exercise programme, before and after the first WBC treatment, six months following the exercise programme, after the second WBC treatment, and finally one month after the intervention...
2015: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Julien Louis, Karine Schaal, François Bieuzen, Yann Le Meur, Jean-Robert Filliard, Marielle Volondat, Jeanick Brisswalter, Christophe Hausswirth
Recent research on whole-body cryotherapy has hypothesized a major responsibility of head cooling in the physiological changes classically reported after a cryostimulation session. The aim of this experiment was to verify this hypothesis by studying the influence of exposing the head to cold during whole-body cryostimulation sessions, on the thermal response and the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Over five consecutive days, two groups of 10 participants performed one whole-body cryostimulation session daily, in one of two different systems; one exposing the whole-body to cold (whole-body cryostimulation, WBC), and the other exposing the whole-body except the head (partial-body cryostimulation, PBC)...
2015: PloS One
Paweł Sutkowy, Alina Woźniak, Paweł Rajewski
Exposure to extreme heat and cold is one of the environmental factors whose action is precisely based on the mechanisms involving free radicals. Fluctuations in ambient temperature are among the agents that toughen the human organism. The goal of the study was to evaluate the impact of extremely high (dry sauna, DS) and low (whole-body cryostimulation, WBC) environmental temperatures on the oxidant-antioxidant equilibrium in the blood of healthy male subjects. The subjects performed a single DS bath (n = 10; 26...
2015: BioMed Research International
Monika Chudecka, Daniel Zaborski, Anna Lubkowska, Wilhelm Grzesiak, Andrzej Klimek, Andrzej Modrzejewski
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the distribution and dynamics of temperature changes on the surface of selected body parts after systemic cryostimulation. The changes that occurred as a reaction to the 1st, 5th, and 10th session of a series of 10 sessions were also analyzed. METHODS: The study group consisted of 24 students (12 women and 12 men, ∼21 yr of age) from the University School of Physical Education in Krakow. They were treated in a cryogenic chamber at the Rehabilitation Center in Krakow once daily for 10 d...
December 2014: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Pawel Zalewski, Anna Bitner, Joanna Słomko, Justyna Szrajda, Jacek J Klawe, Malgorzata Tafil-Klawe, Julia L Newton
The cardiovascular, autonomic and thermal response to whole-body cryostimulation exposure are not completely known. Thus the aim of this study was to evaluate objectively and noninvasively autonomic and thermal reactions observed after short exposure to very low temperatures. We examined 25 healthy men with mean age 30.1 ± 3.7 years and comparable anthropomorphical characteristic. Each subject was exposed to cryotherapeutic temperatures in a cryogenic chamber for 3 min (approx. -120 °C). The cardiovascular and autonomic parameters were measured noninvasively with Task Force Monitor...
October 2014: Journal of Thermal Biology
Karine Schaal, Yann LE Meur, Julien Louis, Jean-Robert Filliard, Philippe Hellard, Gretchen Casazza, Christophe Hausswirth
INTRODUCTION: Elite athletes frequently undergo periods of intensified training (IT) within their normal training program. These periods can lead athletes into functional overreaching, characterized by high perceived fatigue, impaired sleep, and performance. Because whole-body cryostimulation (WBC) has been proven to be an effective recovery method in the short term (<76 h), we investigated whether daily WBC sessions during IT could prevent exercise and sleep-related signs of overreaching...
July 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Pawel Zalewski, Katarzyna Buszko, Monika Zawadka-Kunikowska, Joanna Słomko, Justyna Szrajda, Jacek J Klawe, Malgorzata Tafil-Klawe, Maciej Sinski, Julia Newton
Over recent years, a considerable increase in the popularity of cryostimulation and whole body cryotherapy (WBC) procedures has occurred both among healthy individuals and in various groups of patients, including those with primary untreated hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of WBC on the functional parameters of cardiovascular system in normotensive and primarily hypertensive individuals. The study included 26 young male volunteers with normal blood pressure range (NormoBP) and 13 with essential arterial hypertension (HyperBP)...
October 2014: Cryobiology
D Grasso, P Lanteri, C Di Bernardo, C Mauri, S Porcelli, A Colombini, V Zani, F G Bonomi, G Melegati, G Banfi, G Lombardi
Saliva represents a low stress, not-invasively collected matrix that allows steroid hormone monitoring in athletes by reflecting type, intensity and duration of exercise. Whole body cryotherapy (WBC) consists of short whole-body exposures to extremely cold air (-110° to -140°C) which, despite being initially used to treat inflammatory diseases, is currently acquiring increasing popularity in sports medicine. Cryostimulation practice is now widely accepted as an effective treatment to accelerate muscle recovery in rugby players...
April 2014: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Ewa Ziemann, Robert A Olek, Tomasz Grzywacz, Jan J Kaczor, Jędrzej Antosiewicz, Wojciech Skrobot, Sylwester Kujach, Radosław Laskowski
Inflammation may accompany obesity and a variety of diseases, or result from excessive exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of whole-body cryostimulation on the inflammatory response induced by eccentric exercise under laboratory conditions. The study also sought to establish if cold treatment changes the lipid profile and modifies energy expenditure in young people. Eighteen healthy and physically active, college-aged men volunteered to participate in the experiment...
March 1, 2014: European Cytokine Network
Zbigniew Szygula, Anna Lubkowska, Czesław Giemza, Anna Skrzek, Iwona Bryczkowska, Barbara Dołęgowska
UNLABELLED: The effects of extreme cold on the human body are not fully understood, there are also no reports on the effect of cryogenic temperatures on the levels of erythropoietin (EPO) and interleukin 3 (IL-3), two important factors that regulate hematopoiesis. AIM: determination of changes in peripheral blood cell counts and EPO and IL-3 levels induced by a series of 10, 20 and 30 standard whole-body cryostimulation (WBC) treatments. The study involved 45 men, experimental group (EXP, n = 30) subjected to 30 WBC treatments (-130°C, treatment duration: 3 minutes) and a control group (CON, n = 15)...
2014: PloS One
Elżbieta Miller, Joanna Saluk, Agnieszka Morel, Barbara Wachowicz
BACKGROUND: Uric acid (UA) has been suggested to be a marker of multiple sclerosis (MS) activity. Whole body cryostimulation (WBCT) is a new form of additional treatment and becoming popular in medicine. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the long-term effects of WBCT on the level of plasma UA in selected group of MS patients only with secondary progressive (SPMS) clinical form and verify results with functional state of patients assessed by expanded disability status scale (EDSS)...
December 2013: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
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