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Cryobiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961002/thermodynamic-investigation-of-the-effect-of-interface-curvature-on-the-solid-liquid-equilibrium-and-eutectic-point-of-binary-mixtures
#1
Fanghui Liu, Leila Zargarzadeh, Hyun-Joong Chung, Janet A W Elliott
Thermodynamic phase behavior is affected by curved interfaces in micro- and nanoscale systems. For example, capillary freezing point depression is associated with the pressure difference between the solid and liquid phases caused by interface curvature. In this study, the thermal, mechanical, and chemical equilibrium conditions are derived for binary solid-liquid equilibrium with a curved solid-liquid interface due to confinement in a capillary. This derivation shows the equivalence of the most general forms of the Gibbs-Thomson and Ostwald-Freundlich equations...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956627/cryobiology-meets-biobanking-in-hefei-china
#2
Dayong Gao, Zisis Kozlakidis, Brent Schacter, Jim Vaught
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814236/neuroglial-cell-cryopreservation-in-appropriate-inductive-conditions
#3
Rosa M Gomez, Maria Andrea Dominguez-Sanchez, Magdy M Sanchez, George E Barreto
An ability to store cells (if they cannot be used fresh) reduces cell wastage, thereby increasing the supply of transplantable material. Cell storage is also valuable in scientific research, allowing material to be archived and experiments to be repeated from the same tissue source and facilitating research collaboration by allowing stored samples to be distributed. Cryopreservation is currently considered the most promising and successful, long-term biological conservation method. Its use has led to optimizing survival, improving protocols and stem cell and neuroglia viability, thereby assuring its future use in neuroregeneration and restoration regarding cell therapy...
August 16, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510115/application-of-decellularized-tissue-scaffolds-in-ovarian-tissue-transplantation
#4
Enes Taylan, Kutluk Oktay
In tissue engineering, decellularized scaffolds have been proved to have remarkable capacity to promote regeneration in various organs such as kidney, heart, lung, and liver. Marrying the field of cryobiology and reproductive medicine resulted in considerable progress and breakthroughs, which led to the emergence of ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation as a promising option for fertility preservation. Here we describe an innovative application of decellularized tissue scaffolds as a regenerative platform for reconstruction of ovarian grafts for auto-transplantation...
May 17, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428046/cryoprotectants-a-review-of-the-actions-and-applications-of-cryoprotective-solutes-that-modulate-cell-recovery-from-ultra-low-temperatures
#5
REVIEW
Gloria D Elliott, Shangping Wang, Barry J Fuller
Cryopreservation has become a central technology in many areas of clinical medicine, biotechnology, and species conservation within both plant and animal biology. Cryoprotective agents (CPAs) invariably play key roles in allowing cells to be processed for storage at deep cryogenic temperatures and to be recovered with high levels of appropriate functionality. As such, these CPA solutes possess a wide range of metabolic and biophysical effects that are both necessary for their modes of action, and potentially complicating for cell biological function...
April 18, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421508/appendix-d-irvine-scientific-%C3%A2-vitrification-system
#6
Matthew VerMilyea, Amber Brewer
This chapter will describe the use of the Irvine Scientific(®) vitrification and warming solutions (Vit Kits(®)) along with a detailed protocol for the correct use of the CryoTip(®) vitrification device for human embryos and oocytes. Successful pregnancies have been reported after carrying out rapid vitrification methods of oocytes, cleavage stage embryos, and blastocysts using the CryoTip(®) (Popwell et al. Fertil Steril, 101:e20, 2014; Kuwayama et al. Reprod Biomed 11:608-614, 2005; Kuwayama et al. Fertil Steril 84:S187, 2005; Kuwayama et al...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421501/chapter-17-sterile-plate-based-vitrification-of-adherent-human-pluripotent-stem-cells-and-their-derivatives-using-the-twist-method
#7
Julia C Neubauer, Frank Stracke, Heiko Zimmermann
Due to their high biological complexity, e.g., their close cell-to-cell contacts, cryopreservation of human pluripotent stem cells with standard slow-rate protocols often is inefficient and can hardly be standardized. Vitrification that means ultrafast freezing already showed very good viability and recovery rates for this sensitive cell system, but is only applicable for low cell numbers, bears a high risk of contamination, and can hardly be implemented under GxP regulations. In this chapter, a sterile plate-based vitrification method for adherent pluripotent stem cells and their derivatives is presented based on a procedure and device for human embryonic stem cells developed by Beier et al...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315320/controlled-ice-nucleation-using-freeze-dried-pseudomonas-syringae-encapsulated-in-alginate-beads
#8
Lindong Weng, Shannon N Tessier, Anisa Swei, Shannon L Stott, Mehmet Toner
The control of ice nucleation is of fundamental significance in many process technologies related to food and pharmaceutical science and cryobiology. Mechanical perturbation, electromagnetic fields and ice-nucleating agents (INAs) have been known to induce ice nucleation in a controlled manner. But these ice-nucleating methods may suffer from cumbersome manual operations, safety concerns of external fields, and biocompatibility and recovery issues of INA particles, especially when used in living systems. Given the automatic ice-seeding nature of INAs, a promising solution to overcome some of the above limitations is to engineer a biocomposite that accommodates the INA particles but minimizes their interactions with biologics, as well as enabling the recovery of used particles...
April 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150589/effects-of-heat-and-freeze-on-isolated-erythrocyte-submembrane-skeletons
#9
Ivan T Ivanov, Boyana K Paarvanova, Veselin Ivanov, Kathrin Smuda, Hans Bäumler, Radostina Georgieva
In this study we heated insoluble residues, obtained after Triton-X-100 (0.1 v/v%) extraction of erythrocyte ghost membranes (EGMs). Specific heat capacity, electric capacitance and resistance, and optical transmittance (280 nm) sustained sharp changes at 49°C (TA) and 66°C (TC), the known denaturation temperatures of spectrin and band 3, respectively. The change at TA was selectively inhibited by diamide (1 mM) and taurine mustard (1 mM) while its inducing temperature was selectively decreased by formamide in full concert with the assumed involvement of spectrin denaturation...
April 2017: General Physiology and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951652/multivalent-display-of-antifreeze-proteins-by-fusion-to-self-assembling-protein-cages-enhances-ice-binding-activities
#10
Sean W Phippen, Corey A Stevens, Tyler D R Vance, Neil P King, David Baker, Peter L Davies
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are small monomeric proteins that adsorb to the surface of ice to inhibit ice crystal growth and impart freeze resistance to the organisms producing them. Previously, monomeric AFPs have been conjugated to the termini of branched polymers to increase their activity through the simultaneous binding of more than one AFP to ice. Here, we describe a superior approach to increasing AFP activity through oligomerization that eliminates the need for conjugation reactions with varying levels of efficiency...
December 13, 2016: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916562/cryobiological-parameters-of-multipotent-stromal-cells-obtained-from-different-sources
#11
L Lauterboeck, W F Wolkers, B Glasmacher
Stem cells are important for regenerative medicine mainly due to their multilineage differentiation capacity. However, the cells rapidly loose this capability during culturing. Cryopreservation preserves the differentiation potential of the cells, until they are needed. In this study, specific cell properties of multipotent stromal cells (MSCs), from the common marmoset monkey Callithrix jacchus MSCs derived from amnion (Am) and bone marrow (Bm) were studied in order to predict optimal cooling rates for cryopreservation...
February 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769741/three-dimensional-printing-with-polylactic-acid-pla-thermoplastic-offers-new-opportunities-for-cryobiology
#12
Terrence R Tiersch, William T Monroe
Development of devices through design, prototyping, testing, and fabrication is especially necessary for enhancement of research and eventual application in cryobiology. The advent of 3-dimensional printing offers unique opportunities for this process, given that the materials involved are suitable for use in cryogenic temperatures. We report herein that 3-D printing with polylactic acid (PLA) thermoplastic is ideally suited for cryobiology device development. Devices that are designed and standardized in open-source fashion can be electronically distributed and created locally on increasingly affordable 3-D printers, and can accelerate cryobiology findings and improve reproducibility of results...
December 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603179/xeno-free-cryopreservation-of-bone-marrow-derived-multipotent-stromal-cells-from-callithrix-jacchus
#13
Lothar Lauterboeck, Debapriya Saha, Anamika Chatterjee, Nicola Hofmann, Birgit Glasmacher
In the previous decade, numerous biobanks were established and have created large markets for the storage of bioactive compounds, cells, and tissues for medical and diagnostic applications. For in vivo clinical and therapeutic purposes, it is critical to use well-defined and xeno-free components during cultivation, preservation, and transplantation of biological material. Safe and efficacious storage of bioactive molecules, cells, and tissues, without the addition of undefined medium components, minimizes risks of zoonotic disease transmission and is thus an essential and desirable prerequisite for biobanks...
December 2016: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597869/recent-advances-and-future-direction-in-lyophilisation-and-desiccation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#14
REVIEW
Akalabya Bissoyi, Awanish Kumar, Albert A Rizvanov, Alexander Nesmelov, Oleg Gusev, Pradeep Kumar Patra, Arindam Bit
Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are a promising mammalian cell type as they can be used for the reconstruction of human tissues and organs. MSCs are shown to form bone, cartilage, fat, and muscle-like cells under specific cultivation conditions. Current technology of MSCs cryopreservation has significant disadvantages. Alternative technologies of mammalian cells preservation through lyophilisation or desiccation (air-drying) are among the upcoming domains of investigation in the field of cryobiology. Different protectants and their combinations were studied in this context...
2016: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503023/cryobiological-characteristics-of-l-proline-in-mammalian-oocyte-cryopreservation
#15
Lu Zhang, Xu Xue, Jie Yan, Li-Ying Yan, Xiao-Hu Jin, Xiao-Hui Zhu, Zhi-Zhu He, Jing Liu, Rong Li, Jie Qiao
BACKGROUND: L-proline is a natural, nontoxic cryoprotectant that helps cells and tissues to tolerate freezing in a variety of plants and animals. The use of L-proline in mammalian oocyte cryopreservation is rare. In this study, we explored the cryobiological characteristics of L-proline and evaluated its protective effect in mouse oocyte cryopreservation. METHODS: The freezing property of L-proline was detected by Raman spectroscopy and osmometer. Mature oocytes obtained from 8-week-old B6D2F1 mice were vitrified in a solution consisting various concentration of L-proline with a reduced proportion of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and ethylene glycol (EG), comparing with the control group (15% DMSO and 15% EG without L-proline)...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495973/bacterial-ice-nucleation-in-monodisperse-d2o-and-h2o-in-oil-emulsions
#16
Lindong Weng, Shannon N Tessier, Kyle Smith, Jon F Edd, Shannon L Stott, Mehmet Toner
Ice nucleation is of fundamental significance in many areas, including atmospheric science, food technology, and cryobiology. In this study, we investigated the ice-nucleation characteristics of picoliter-sized drops consisting of different D2O and H2O mixtures with and without the ice-nucleating bacteria Pseudomonas syringae. We also studied the effects of commonly used cryoprotectants such as ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, and trehalose on the nucleation characteristics of D2O and H2O mixtures. The results show that the median freezing temperature of the suspension containing 1 mg/mL of a lyophilized preparation of P...
September 13, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471057/thermal-conductivity-of-the-cryoprotective-cocktail-dp6-in-cryogenic-temperatures-in-the-presence-and-absence-of-synthetic-ice-modulators
#17
Lili E Ehrlich, Jonathan A Malen, Yoed Rabin
The thermal conductivity of the cryoprotective agent (CPA) cocktail DP6 in combination with synthetic ice modulators (SIMs) is measured in this study, using a transient hot-wire method. DP6 is a mixture of 3 M dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and 3 M propylene glycol, which received significant attention in the cryobiology community in recent years. Tested SIMs include 6% 1,3Cyclohexanediol, 6% 2,3Butanediol, and 12% PEG400 (percentage by volume). This study integrates the scanning cryomacroscope for visual verification of crystallization and vitrification events...
October 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343139/polarized-light-scanning-cryomacroscopy-part-ii-thermal-modeling-and-analysis-of-experimental-observations
#18
Justin S G Feig, Prem K Solanki, David P Eisenberg, Yoed Rabin
This study aims at developing thermal analysis tools and explaining experimental observations made by means of polarized-light cryomacroscopy (Part I). Thermal modeling is based on finite elements analysis (FEA), where two model parameters are extracted from thermal measurements: (i) the overall heat transfer coefficient between the cuvette and the cooling chamber, and (ii) the effective thermal conductivity within the cryoprotective agent (CPA) at the upper part of the cryogenic temperature range. The effective thermal conductivity takes into account enhanced heat transfer due to convection currents within the CPA, creating the so-called Bénard cells...
October 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27173747/off-the-shelf-cellular-therapeutics-factors-to-consider-during-cryopreservation-and-storage-of-human-cells-for-clinical-use
#19
REVIEW
Erik J Woods, Sreedhar Thirumala, Sandhya S Badhe-Buchanan, Dominic Clarke, Aby J Mathew
The field of cellular therapeutics has immense potential, affording an exciting array of applications in unmet medical needs. One of several key issues is an emphasis on getting these therapies from bench to bedside without compromising safety and efficacy. The successful commercialization of cellular therapeutics will require many to extend the shelf-life of these therapies beyond shipping "fresh" at ambient or chilled temperatures for "just in time" infusion. Cryopreservation is an attractive option and offers potential advantages, such as storing and retaining patient samples in case of a relapse, banking large quantities of allogeneic cells for broader distribution and use and retaining testing samples for leukocyte antigen typing and matching...
June 2016: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112701/the-medical-and-ethical-challenges-of-fertility-preservation-in-teenage-girls-a-case-series-of-sickle-cell-anaemia-patients-prior-to-bone-marrow-transplant
#20
Stuart A Lavery, Rumana Islam, Jennifer Hunt, Anna Carby, Richard A Anderson
Cryopreservation of oocytes has been proposed as a way of storing gametes in young patients at high risk of infertility and premature ovarian failure. Recent advances in cryobiology have yielded promising results, leading to oocyte cryopreservation becoming a mainstay of fertility preservation. In this case series, we describe the feasibility of performing ovarian stimulation, and the ethical challenges faced, in teenage girls, aged 14-18 years, prior to undergoing bone marrow transplant for sickle cell anaemia...
July 2016: Human Reproduction
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