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Transrectal ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822903/uterine-clinical-findings-fertility-rate-leucocyte-migration-and-cox-2-protein-levels-in-the-endometrial-tissue-of-susceptible-mares-treated-with-platelet-rich-plasma-before-and-after-ai
#1
Lorenzo G Segabinazzi, Aime M Friso, Sebastian B Correal, André M Crespilho, José Antonio Dell'Aqua, Jordi Miró, Frederico O Papa, Marco Antonio Alvarenga
Persistent mating-induced endometritis (PMIE) results in decreased fertility in horses, thereby causing a significant impact in the horse market. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), a modulator of the inflammatory response, has been largely used in veterinary medicine. Here, we investigated the effects of PRP on uterine inflammation, conception rate, endometrial polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) migration, and COX-2 protein levels in the endometrial tissue. Thirteen PMIE-susceptible mares were used for artificial insemination (AI)...
August 12, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793314/patient-satisfaction-after-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-holep-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Young Ju Lee, Shin Ah Oh, Sung Han Kim, Seung-June Oh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate patient satisfaction after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in a prospective study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From May 2012 to December 2014, 397 patients underwent HoLEP by a single surgeon and enrolled in our prospective registry. Baseline data included age, PSA, transrectal ultrasonography, the international prostate symptom score (IPSS), and overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS). Subjective assessment of surgical outcomes was performed at 6 months postoperatively using self-administered questionnaires consisting of 'satisfaction with treatment question' (STQ), 'overall response assessment' (ORA), and 'willingness to undergo surgery question' (WSQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759834/the-effects-of-intrauterine-infusion-of-peanut-oil-on-endometrial-health-salivary-cortisol-and-interovulatory-period-in-mares
#3
Madeleine L H Campbell, Daniel Hampshire, Lauren E Hamstead, Belinda V Rose, Ken C Smith, Amanda M de Mestre
Intrauterine infusion of peanut oil at Day 10 post-ovulation has been reported to prolong dioestrus in mares. However, the effects of peanut oil treatment on the endometrium and whether the technique is painful have not been assessed. The objectives of this study were, (i) to determine the effect of intrauterine infusion of peanut oil on endometrial health, (ii) to determine whether use of intrauterine peanut oil is painful and (iii) to confirm that peanut oil causes prolonged dioestrus. Six mares aged 3-12 years old were used in a cross-over design with each mare administered both 1 ml of intrauterine peanut oil and a sham treatment on different oestrous cycles...
July 13, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743027/impact-of-heat-stress-on-estrus-expression-and-follicle-size-in-estrus-under-field-conditions-in-dairy-cows
#4
L K Schüller, I Michaelis, W Heuwieser
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of heat stress on the expression of estrus signs and follicular diameter at the day of estrus in dairy cows under farm conditions. Cows reported in estrus (i.e., by an automated activity monitoring system or by the herd manager) were examined by a veterinarian. Uterine contractility and the largest diameter of all ovarian structures was determined by transrectal palpation and ultrasonography, respectively. The amount of estrus discharge, mounting traces and the color of the vaginal mucosa were determined in an external examination and scored on 3-point scales...
July 10, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727544/abbreviated-biparametric-prostate-mr-imaging-in-men-with-elevated-prostate-specific-antigen
#5
Christiane K Kuhl, Robin Bruhn, Nils Krämer, Sven Nebelung, Axel Heidenreich, Simone Schrading
Purpose To determine the diagnostic accuracy for clinically significant prostate cancer achieved with abbreviated biparametric prostate magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in comparison with full multiparametric contrast material-enhanced prostate MR imaging in men with elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and negative transrectal ultrasonography (US)-guided biopsy findings; to determine the significant cancer detection rate of biparametric versus full multiparametric contrast-enhanced MR imaging and between-reader agreement for interpretation of biparametric MR imaging...
July 20, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725602/transrectal-ultrasound-guided-extraction-of-impacted-prostatic-urethral-calculi-a-simple-alternative-to-endoscopy
#6
Gregory Amend, Jason Gandhi, Noel L Smith, Steven J Weissbart, David A Schulsinger, Gargi Joshi, Sardar Ali Khan
Urethral stones can become impacted in the posterior urethra, typically presenting with varying degrees of acute urinary retention and lower urinary tract symptoms. These are traditionally treated in the inpatient setting, with external urethrotomy or endoscopic push-back of the calculus into the urinary bladder followed by cystolitholapaxy or cystolithotripsy. However, these methods are invasive, involve general anesthesia, and require radiation. In this report, we describe a simple, minimally invasive, and safe alternative technique to visualize and remove impacted prostatic urethral stones under the real-time guidance of transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702693/-ultrasonography-of-the-prostate-gland-from-b%C3%A2-image-through-multiparametric-ultrasound-to-targeted-biopsy
#7
REVIEW
F Steinkohl, A Luger, J Bektic, F Aigner
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most frequent cancer in men. The diagnosis is normally achieved by a systematic prostate biopsy; however, this is a randomized approach by which a substantial number of significant carcinomas go undetected. For this reason, in recent years imaging techniques have been continuously developed, which enable visualization and therefore targeted biopsies. STANDARD PROCEDURE: The use of systematic biopsies is a standard procedure for the detection of prostate cancer...
August 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691349/ovsynch-plus-protocol-improves-ovarian-response-in-anovular-murrah-buffaloes-in-low-breeding-season
#8
R K Sharma, S K Phulia, A Jerome, I Singh
The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of ovarian response and pregnancy rate in anovular buffaloes following Ovsynch and Ovsynch Plus protocols. Buffaloes (n = 55) were divided into two groups: Ovsynch group (n = 26): GnRH (10 μg, GnRH1) on Day 0, PGF2 α (25 mg) on Day 7, GnRH (10 μg, GnRH2) on Day 9; Ovsynch Plus group (n = 29): 500 IU equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) 72 hr (day -3) prior to Ovsynch protocol, followed by fixed timed artificial insemination (FTAI) 6 and 24 hr after GnRH2 injection in bot groups...
July 9, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691249/seasonal-or-pathological-findings-morphofunctional-characteristics-of-the-equine-endometrium-during-the-autumn-and-spring-transition
#9
R Killisch, D Böttcher, T Theuß, H Edzards, G Martinsson, A Einspanier, J Gottschalk, H-A Schoon
The deep anoestrous phase in winter is part of the anovulatory season in mares and is bordered by the autumn and spring transitional periods (ATP/STP). To define an annual time span for effective prognostic biopsy sampling, the aim of this study was to provide a morphofunctional characterization of the endometrium during ATP and STP. To outline both transitional periods, endometrial specimens were taken in September, October and November (n = 76) as well as February, March and April (n = 184) with the requirement of a detailed clinical documentation...
July 9, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681037/chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-in-adolescents-compared-with-that-in-young-adults
#10
Keon-Cheol Lee, In-Rae Cho
PURPOSE: Chronic prostatitis (CP)/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) has been studied mainly in adults; reports in adolescents are rare. We compared the clinical characteristics of adolescent CP/CPPS patients with those of young adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 20 adolescents with CP/CPPS aged <20 years who visited our outpatient department from August 2005 to April 2012. The control group comprised 120 young adult CP/CPPS patients...
July 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646483/from-novice-to-expert-analyzing-the-learning-curve-for-mri-transrectal-ultrasonography-fusion-guided-transrectal-prostate-biopsy
#11
R Mager, M P Brandt, H Borgmann, K M Gust, A Haferkamp, M Kurosch
PURPOSE: To investigate the learning curve of a novice in MRI/TRUS software fusion biopsy and to compare his results with the expert standard at our institution. METHODS: Overall 126 MRI/TRUS fusion-guided transrectal biopsies were performed using an electromagnetic tracking ultrasonography platform. The learning progress of the novice was evaluated comparing his initial 42 procedures (group A) with his following 42 (group B). The institution's expert standard (group C), which was compared to the novice's groups, was defined by the expert's experience of 42 MRI/TRUS fusion biopsies...
June 23, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611519/sonographic-appearance-of-anal-cushions-of-hemorrhoids
#12
Adilijiang Aimaiti, Ma Mu Ti Jiang A Ba Bai Ke Re, Irshat Ibrahim, Hui Chen, Maimaitituerxun Tuerdi, Mayinuer
AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic value of different sonographic methods in hemorrhoids. METHODS: Forty-two healthy volunteers and sixty-two patients with grades I-IV hemorrhoids received two different sonographic examinations from January 2013 to January 2016 at the First and Second Hospitals of Xinjiang Medical University in a prospective way. We analyzed the ultrasonographic findings of these participants and evaluated the outcomes. Resected grades III and IV hemorrhoid tissues were pathologically examined...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583606/the-influence-of-age-antral-follicle-count-and-diestrous-ovulations-on-estrous-cycle-characteristics-of-mares
#13
Anthony Claes, Barry A Ball, Kirsten E Scoggin, Janet F Roser, Elizabeth M Woodward, Gabriel M Davolli, Edward L Squires, Mats H T Troedsson
Reproductive aging must be well understood to optimize the reproductive management of older mares and to predict their reproductive life-span. The objectives of this study were to: 1) examine age-related differences in follicular dynamics, endocrine profiles, and primordial follicle counts, 2) evaluate the influence of antral follicle count (AFC) on age-related changes in follicular parameters, and 3) determine the influence of diestrous ovulations on the estrous cycle. Young (3-8yr; n = 10), middle-aged (9-18 yr; n = 16), and old (>18 yr; n = 19) light horse mares were examined with transrectal ultrasonography to monitor follicular growth over two consecutive estrous cycles...
July 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545987/echography-of-clinically-relevant-disorders-in-the-genital-tract-of-female-dromedary-camels
#14
Ahmed Ali, Derar Derar, Ali Alsamri, Fahd Al Sobayil
The aim of this study was to characterize the clinically relevant genital tract disorders of dromedary camels. Reproductive tract examinations were performed via transrectal palpation, ultrasonography and vaginal exploration. The ultrasonic appearance of the reproductive pathology was described and compared with its morphology at laparotomy, after surgical removal, during postmortem examination or upon slaughter. Diagnosis was also confirmed by histopathology. The most frequently encountered follicular structures were larger than typical follicles (56/338, 16...
May 19, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532836/follicular-dynamics-ovarian-vascularity-and-luteal-development-in-mares-with-early-or-late-postpartum-ovulation
#15
Kleber Menegon Lemes, Luciano Andrade Silva, Maria Augusta Alonso, Eneiva Carla Carvalho Celeghini, Guilherme Pugliesi, Henrique Fulaneti Carvalho, Fernanda Jordão Affonso, Daniela Franco Silva, Ticiano Guimarães Leite, Rubens Paes de Arruda
Follicular development and deviation processes during the postpartum period are not completely known in horses. Thus, we aimed to study the characteristics of follicular dynamics and ovarian vascular perfusion during the postpartum period in mares that demonstrated estrous behavior and had early (<10 days) or late (≥10 days) postpartum ovulation. Ten mares were scanned daily by transrectal ultrasonography from the first day postpartum (d1) to the sixteenth day after the first postpartum ovulation (D0 = ovulation)...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532830/transrectal-ultrasonography-for-measuring-of-combined-utero-placental-thickness-in-pregnant-mangalarga-marchador-mares
#16
REVIEW
Isabela S Campos, Guilherme N de Souza, Aline E Pinna, Ana M R Ferreira
This study aimed to measure the physiological changes in the combined utero-placental thickness (CUPT) during the course of normal pregnancy in Mangalarga Marchador mares. Transrectal B-mode ultrasonography was used to measure CUPT in 42 pregnant mares with a mean age, 8.7 (±3.5 years). CUPT was measured every month from 150 days of gestation until delivery. CUPT was expressed as an average of three measurements of the distance (mm) between the middle part of the uterine artery and the allantoic fluid. A General Linear Model was used to evaluate the major effects of the chronological age and stage of gestation on CUPT in mares...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529023/clinical-efficacy-of-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-in-men-younger-than-50-years-old-with-an-elevated-prostate-specific-antigen-concentration-4-0%C3%A2-ng-ml
#17
Chin-Heng Lu, Tzu-Ping Lin, She Huei Shen, Yi-Hsiu Huang, Hsiao-Jen Chung, Junne-Yih Kuo, William J S Huang, Howard H H Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T L Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is not commonly found in men younger than 50 years of age. However, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration has been examined more frequently at a younger age in Asia partially due to an increased awareness of prostate cancer. The purpose of our study was to investigate the efficacy and complication of PSA-triggered transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate (TRUSP) biopsies. We retrospectively reviewed TRUSP biopsies in young men with elevated PSA concentration in Taipei Veterans General Hospital...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525666/complications-and-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-rate-of-trus-prostate-biopsies-using-16-and-18g-needles-by-clavien-scoring
#18
Serkan Ozcan, Mehmet Akif Diri, Murat Bagcioglu, Tolga Karakan, Arif Aydın
AIM: We aimed to compare the 18 and 16-Gauge (G) needles used in transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided needle biopsy for cancer detection rates and complications using the Clavien Scoring System. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 80 patients who were included in the study were randomized and divided into two groups. Group 1 (n = 36) had a TRUS-guided prostate biopsy with an 18G needle and Group 2 had a 16G needle (n = 44). The hematuria, bleeding assessment, and infection events were evaluated on a daily basis...
May 16, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522314/relationship-of-antral-follicular-blood-flow-velocity-to-superovulatory-responses-in-ewes
#19
M E F Oliveira, P M Bartlewski, N Jankowski, L C Padilha-Nakaghi, L G Oliveira, S D Bicudo, J F Fonseca, W R R Vicente
The aim of this study was to examine the association between antral follicular blood flow velocity and the response of ewes to hormonal ovarian superstimulation. Ten Santa Inês ewes were subjected to a short- (7days; Group 1) or long-term (13days; Group 2) progesterone (CIDR(®); InterAg, Hamilton, New Zealand) priming, and a superovulatory treatment with porcine follicle-stimulating hormone (pFSH; Folltropin(®)-V; Bioniche Animal Health, Belleville, ON, Canada), given twice daily for four consecutive days in decreasing doses and initiated four or ten days after CIDR insertion, respectively...
April 24, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514203/cost-effectiveness-of-mr-imaging-guided-strategies-for-detection-of-prostate-cancer-in-biopsy-naive-men
#20
Shivani Pahwa, Nicholas K Schiltz, Lee E Ponsky, Ziang Lu, Mark A Griswold, Vikas Gulani
Purpose To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of multiparametric diagnostic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examination followed by MR imaging-guided biopsy strategies in the detection of prostate cancer in biopsy-naive men presenting with clinical suspicion of cancer for the first time. Materials and Methods A decision-analysis model was created for biopsy-naive men who had been recommended for prostate biopsy on the basis of abnormal digital rectal examination results or elevated prostate-specific antigen levels (age groups: 41-50 years, 51-60 years, and 61-70 years)...
May 17, 2017: Radiology
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