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Transrectal ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224858/a-resynchronization-of-ovulation-program-based-on-ovarian-structures-present-at-nonpregnancy-diagnosis-reduced-time-to-pregnancy-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#1
R Wijma, M M Pérez, M Masello, M L Stangaferro, J O Giordano
Our objective was to evaluate time to pregnancy after the first service postpartum and pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) in dairy cows managed with 2 resynchronization of ovulation programs. After first service, lactating Holstein cows were blocked by parity (primiparous vs. multiparous) and randomly assigned to the d 32 Resynch (R32; n = 1,010) or short Resynch (SR; n = 1,000) treatments. Nonpregnancy diagnosis (NPD) was conducted 32 ± 3 d after AI by transrectal ultrasonography. Nonpregnant cows in R32 received the Ovsynch protocol: GnRH, PGF2α 7 d later, GnRH 56 h later, and timed AI (TAI) 16 to 18 h later...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201507/computed-tomography-based-evaluation-of-prostatic-fiducial-marker-migration-between-the-periods-of-insertion-and-simulation
#2
Taner Arpacı, Gamze Uğurluer, Emine Burçin İspir, Alper Eken, Tuğana Akbaş, Meltem Serin
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether significant fiducial marker migration occurs between the periods of prostatic marker insertion and computed tomography (CT) performed for radiotherapy planning and if a waiting period is necessary. Material and methods: Thirty-nine patients with prostate adenocarcinoma underwent fiducial marker insertion before radiotherapy between June 2013 and December 2015. Three markers were inserted by one radiologist under the guidance of transrectal ultrasonography...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175175/the-relationship-between-circulating-concentration-of-amh-and-lh-content-in-the-follicle-stimulating-hormone-fsh-preparations-on-follicular-growth-and-ovulatory-response-to-superovulation-in-water-buffaloes
#3
A K Redhead, N Siew, N Lambie, D Carnarvon, R Ramgattie, M Knights
The relationship between circulating concentration of anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) and the LH content of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) preparation on follicular growth and ovulatory response in water buffaloes was evaluated. A single blood sample was taken from cows (N=31; age: 9.06±0.98years) to determine systemic AMH. Animals with concentrations higher or lower than 194±30pg/ml were placed into LOW and HIGH AMH groups and were assigned randomly to be superovulated FSH containing either a high (FSHp, HLH) or low (FolltropinV, LLH) LH content...
November 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171653/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-periprostatic-local-anesthesia-on-recurrent-prostate-biopsy
#4
Ekrem Akdeniz, Sevda Akdeniz, Mustafa Suat Bolat, Önder Çınar, Necmettin Şahinkaya, Nevin Esra Gümüş
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was investigate the pain palliation effect of 2% dose of lidocaine on the periprostatic nerve block in prostate biopsy patients. METHODS: Extended (12 cores) and saturation (22 cores) biopsy patients were included. The patients were separated into three groups: extended biopsy patients (Group I), saturation biopsy patients (Group II), and control group patients undergoing a biopsy procedure for the first time (Group III). All patients received 2% lidocaine (10 mL) on both the seminal vesicular junction and apex of the prostate with transrectal ultrasonography guidance...
October 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170792/prospective-comparison-among-three-intrarectal-anesthetic-treatments-combined-with-periprostatic-nerve-block-during-transrectal-ultrasonography-guided-prostate-biopsy
#5
R A Valdez-Flores, J G Campos-Salcedo, J J Torres-Gomez, A Sedano-Lozano, J Parés-Hipólito, L M Shelton, A Canizalez-Román, M A Valdez-Flores
BACKGROUND: Recent trends in prostate biopsy analgesia suggest a combination anesthetic to provide better pain relief than periprostatic nerve block (PPNB) alone. This study aimed to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of three intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA) combined with PPNB in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized study, 120 prostate biopsy patients were equally divided into four IRLA groups: group 1 (placebo) received simple lubrication; group 2 received 2% lidocaine gel; group 3 received 100 mg indomethacin suppository and group 4 received 5% prilocaine/lidocaine (EMLA) cream...
November 23, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157875/prostatic-calculi-do-they-matter
#6
REVIEW
Jun-Jie Cao, Wei Huang, Hong-Shen Wu, Min Cao, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Dong Jin
INTRODUCTION: Prostatic calculi (PC) are frequently detected at computed tomography or ultrasound in men attending the health center or the urology outpatient department. PC have attracted more attention from urologists, but the clinical significance of PC is unknown. AIM: To review the available literature on the effects of PC on prostatic diseases and sexual function in men. METHODS: Relevant clinical trials were identified by searching the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases...
November 17, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108060/effect-of-dried-distiller-s-grains-plus-solubles-in-postpartum-diets-of-beef-cows-on-reproductive-performance-of-dam-and-heifer-progeny
#7
E G Taylor, R P Lemenager, V Fellner, K R Stewart
Forty-eight primiparous and multiparous cows were fed a silage-based total mixed ration (TMR; CON), a TMR with 2.5 kg/d DM dried distiller's grains plus solubles (DDGS; MID), or a TMR with 4.7 kg/d DM DDGS (HIGH) from 8.5 ± 4 to 116 ± 4 d postpartum (DPP). All diets were formulated to be isocaloric for a postpartum ADG targeted at 0.22 kg, whereas CP exceeded requirements in both diets containing DDGS. Blood samples were collected from dams at 7- and 21-d intervals for progesterone concentration (resumption of cyclicity) and plasma urea nitrogen, respectively...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102672/long-term-patient-reported-clinical-outcomes-and-reoperation-rate-after-photovaporization-with-the-xps-180w-greenlight-laser
#8
Jehanne Calves, Maxime Thoulouzan, Marie-Aimée Perrouin-Verbe, Vincent Joulin, Antoine Valeri, Georges Fournier
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term reported clinical outcomes after photovaporization of the prostate (PVP) with the XPS-GreenLight laser in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic enlargement (BPE). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective longitudinal study was performed for all consecutive patients with BPE who underwent PVP at our institution between 2010 and 2012. Patient-reported clinical outcomes were assessed at 1 mo, 3 mo, 12 mo, and 57 mo using International Prostate Symptoms Score, International Continence Society, and International Index of Erectile Function short-form questionnaires...
November 1, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082726/-differential-diagnosis-and-management-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-in-adolescence
#9
Tiziano Motta, Antonio S Laganà, Gaetano Valenti, Valentina L LA Rosa, Marco Noventa, Amerigo Vitagliano, Benito Chiofalo, Agnese M Rapisarda, Diego Rossetti, Salvatore G Vitale
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is defined as any atypical genital bleeding originating from the uterine cavity, without the characteristics of normal menstrual period. AUB is an important symptom both for adolescents and their parents, and it usually leads to a state of anxiety. Although about 95% of AUB could be considered as a dysfunctional disorder, AUB requires well-defined diagnostic procedures in order to detect a physical cause, ruling out complex or systemic diseases, including oncological ones. Diagnostic procedures require the acquisition of a full and detailed history, and it is also crucial to obtain as much compliance from the patient as possible...
December 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080479/estrus-synchronization-and-fixed-time-artificial-insemination-alter-calving-distribution-in-bos-indicus-influenced-beef-heifers
#10
N Oosthuizen, P L P Fontes, C D Sanford, F M Ciriaco, D D Henry, L B Canal, N DiLorenzo, G C Lamb
To determine the effects of estrus synchronization (ES) and fixed-time artificial insemination (TAI) on calving distribution in Bos indicus influenced heifers, 751 Bos taurus × Bos indicus beef heifers were enrolled in a completely randomized design at 2 locations from January to May of 2016. Within location, all heifers were randomly assigned to one of two treatments: 1) SYNCH (n = 371); heifers were exposed to the 5-day CO-Synch + CIDR protocol where they were treated with 100 μg of GnRH, 25 mg of PGF2α, and a controlled internal drug releasing insert (CIDR) on d 0; heifers received 50 mg of PGF2α at CIDR removal on d 5, and were treated with 100 μg of GnRH and TAI 66 ± 2 h later on d 8; or 2) CONTROL (n = 380); heifers were exposed to natural service without ES or TAI...
October 20, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076299/clinical-significance-of-prostatic-calculi-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Jae Seog Hyun
Prostatic calculi often occur in middle-aged and old men. Prostatic calculi are usually classified as primary/endogenous stones or secondary/extrinsic stones. Endogenous stones are commonly caused by obstruction of the prostatic ducts around the enlarged prostate by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or by chronic inflammation. Extrinsic stones occur mainly around the urethra, because they are caused by urine reflux. The exact prevalence of prostatic calculi is not known, and it has been reported to vary widely, from 7% to 70%...
September 25, 2017: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073542/pregnancy-diagnosis-in-cattle-using-pregnancy-associated-glycoprotein-concentration-in-circulation-at-day-24-of-gestation
#12
S T Reese, M H C Pereira, J L Edwards, J L M Vasconcelos, K G Pohler
Cattle producers are limited to day 28-30 of gestation as the earliest time point for accurate pregnancy diagnosis due to the effectiveness of ultrasound and chemical based methods, including commercially available pregnancy associated glycoproteins (PAG) tests. The objective of the current studies were to determine if early gestation circulating PAG concentrations at day 24 could be used to diagnose pregnancy in dairy cattle undergoing embryo transfer. In vitro produced embryos were transferred into Holstein x Gir cows and heifers on day 7 following ovulation...
October 12, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071161/outcome-analysis-of-transrectal-ultrasonography-guided-aspiration-versus-transurethral-resection-of-prostatic-abscess-10%C3%A2-years-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#13
Bimalesh Purkait, Manoj Kumar, Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Ankur Bansal, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Ved Bhaskar
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of two minimally invasive methods (transrectal aspiration vs transurethral resection (TUR)/deroofing) of treating prostatic abscess. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted, from 2007 to 2016, of patients with prostatic abscesses not responding to antibiotics and/or with large (>2 cm) or multiple abscesses. Patients were divided into two groups depending on treatment received: Group A, transrectal aspiration; and Group B, TUR/deroofing of abscess...
September 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071145/a-novel-algorithm-for-the-non-invasive-detection-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#14
Fawzy Farag, Mohamed Elbadry, Mohammed Saber, Abdelbasset A Badawy, John Heesakkers
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of bladder wall thickness (BWT) in combination with non-invasive variables to distinguish patients with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients completed the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire and prostate size was measured by transrectal ultrasonography (US). Pressure-flow studies were performed to determine the urodynamic diagnosis. BWT was measured at 250-mL bladder filling using transabdominal US...
June 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045233/the-current-state-of-mr-imaging-targeted-biopsy-techniques-for-detection-of-prostate-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Sadhna Verma, Peter L Choyke, Steven C Eberhardt, Aytekin Oto, Clare M Tempany, Baris Turkbey, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
Systematic transrectal ultrasonography (US)-guided biopsy is the standard approach for histopathologic diagnosis of prostate cancer. However, this technique has multiple limitations because of its inability to accurately visualize and target prostate lesions. Multiparametric magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the prostate is more reliably able to localize significant prostate cancer. Targeted prostate biopsy by using MR imaging may thus help to reduce false-negative results and improve risk assessment. Several commercial devices are now available for targeted prostate biopsy, including in-gantry MR imaging-targeted biopsy and real-time transrectal US-MR imaging fusion biopsy systems...
November 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035836/effect-of-initial-gnrh-and-time-of-insemination-on-reproductive-performance-in-cyclic-and-acyclic-beef-heifers-subjected-to-a-5-d-co-synch-plus-progesterone-protocol
#16
I López Helguera, P Whittaker, A Behrouzi, R J Mapletoft, M G Colazo
This study evaluated the effect of initial GnRH and timing of AI in a 5-d Co-synch plus CIDR (device containing 1.38 g of progesterone) protocol on pregnancy per AI (P/AI) and pregnancy loss in beef heifers. A secondary objective was to determine if the effect of initial GnRH on reproductive performance was influenced by cyclicity. Crossbred beef heifers (n = 1068; 301-514 kg of body weight, and 13-15 mo of age) at three locations were assigned to either a 5-d Co-synch plus CIDR protocol with (CIDR5G) or without (CIDR5NG) an initial injection of 100 μg of GnRH at CIDR insertion (Day 0)...
October 7, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032721/estimation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-pregnancy-diagnosis-using-transrectal-ultrasonography-and-elisa-for-pregnancy-associated-glycoprotein-in-dairy-cows-using-a-bayesian-latent-class-model
#17
R W Shephard, J M Morton
AIMS: To determine the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of pregnancy diagnosis using transrectal ultrasonography and an ELISA for pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) in milk, in lactating dairy cows in seasonally calving herds approximately 85-100 days after the start of the herd's breeding period. METHODS: Paired results were used from pregnancy diagnosis using transrectal ultrasonography and ELISA for PAG in milk carried out approximately 85 and 100 days after the start of the breeding period, respectively, from 879 cows from four herds in Victoria, Australia...
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987588/characterization-of-luteal-dynamics-in-lactating-holstein-cows-for-32-days-after-synchronization-of-ovulation-and-timed-artificial-insemination
#18
A Ricci, P D Carvalho, M C Amundson, P M Fricke
Approximately 20 to 30% of cows diagnosed not pregnant 32 d after timed artificial insemination (TAI) lack a corpus luteum (CL), and cows submitted to a resynchronization protocol in the absence of a CL have about 10% fewer pregnancies per AI (P/AI) than cows with a CL. An understanding of luteal dynamics after synchronization of ovulation and TAI may help refine strategies for reinseminating cows failing to conceive. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 141) were synchronized for first TAI using a Double-Ovsynch protocol...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975723/age-and-prostate-volume-are-risk-factors-for-transient-urinary-incontinence-after-transurethral-enucleation-with-bipolar-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#19
Yosuke Hirasawa, Yuji Kato, Kiichiro Fujita
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the predictive factors for transient urinary incontinence after transurethral enucleation with bipolar. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 584 patients who underwent transurethral enucleation with bipolar between December 2011 and September 2016 operated by a single surgeon. Urinary incontinence after transurethral enucleation with bipolar was defined as involuntary leakage of urine that required the use of pads. It was evaluated at 1 week, and 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after transurethral enucleation with bipolar...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954459/clinical-significance-of-periurethral-calcification-according-to-the-location-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-a-small-prostate-volume
#20
Jang Hee Han, Joo Yong Lee, Jong Kyu Kwon, Jong Soo Lee, Kang Su Cho
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of periurethral calcification (PUC) according to its location on uroflowmetric parameters and urinary symptoms in patients with small prostate volume (PV). METHODS: Records were obtained from a prospectively maintained database of first-visit men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Patients whose PV was >30 mL were excluded to elucidate more clearly the impact of PUC on LUTS. A total of 539 patients were enrolled in the study...
September 2017: International Neurourology Journal
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