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Transrectal ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433595/management-practices-associated-with-reproductive-performance-in-holstein-cows-on-large-commercial-dairy-farms
#1
I Fodor, Zs Abonyi-Tóth, L Ózsvári
As a result of the increase in herd size and the intensification of production, the complexity of reproductive management has been growing in dairy herds. The aim of our study was to examine the associations of management practices and reproductive performance in Holstein cows on large commercial dairy farms. Management practices applied to cows were surveyed between 22 May and 6 November 2015 in 34 large Holstein-Friesian dairy herds in Hungary. Individual data of 23 784 cows that calved between 1 January 2014 and 31 December 2014 in the surveyed herds were gathered...
February 13, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432871/tertiary-referral-hospital-experiences-of-men-presenting-with-painless-post-coital-gross-hematuria-and-a-suggestion-for-the-management-algorithm
#2
Dong Hyuk Kang, Joo Yong Lee, Dae Chul Jung, Young Taik Oh, Eun Suk Cho, Sung Yoon Park, Ki Soo Lee, Kang Su Cho
OBJECTIVE: To review the tertiary referral hospital experiences of men presenting with painless post-coital gross hematuria (PCGH) and suggest the management algorithm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed clinical data from 19 male patients who first visited a clinic because of PCGH between 2009 and 2016. The patients were evaluated according to our tentative management algorithm for painless PCGH. First, a general work-up for painless gross hematuria (GH) was performed...
February 9, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361246/precision-matters-in-mr-imaging-targeted-prostate-biopsies-evidence-from-a-prospective-study-of-cognitive-and-elastic-fusion-registration-transrectal-biopsies
#3
François Cornud, Mathieu Roumiguié, Nicolas Barry de Longchamps, Guillaume Ploussard, Eric Bruguière, Daniel Portalez, Bernard Malavaud
Purpose To measure the precision in placement of a biopsy needle in a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-detected target with transrectal ultrasonography (US), to document the clinical relevance of precision, and to report on the precision of cognitive and software-based registrations. Materials and Methods This prospective study was approved by the institutional review board and performed between June 2013 and September 2013. Patients provided informed verbal consent. Two cores each were obtained with cognitive and fusion techniques in 88 patients with a Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 1 score of at least 3...
January 22, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331829/additional-small-dose-of-prostaglandin-f2%C3%AE-at-timed-artificial-insemination-failed-to-improve-pregnancy-risk-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#4
J A Sauls, B E Voelz, L G D Mendonça, J S Stevenson
Two experiments were performed to test the hypothesis that administering PGF2α concurrent with timed artificial insemination (AI) in lactating dairy cows would enhance pregnancy per AI (P/AI). In experiment 1, lactating Holstein cows (n = 289) in one herd were enrolled after a non-pregnancy diagnosis (30-36 d after AI) to synchronize subsequent ovulation before AI. Cows were assigned randomly to receive (im) 10 mg of PGF2α concurrent with timed AI (Day 0; treatment) or no injection (control). Blood samples were collected on Days -3, 0, and 13 to determine serum concentrations of progesterone...
January 3, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249328/monitoring-and-controlling-follicular-activity-in-camelids
#5
Ahmed Tibary
This paper reviews that state of our knowledge concerning follicular wave dynamics, monitoring and manipulation. All camelids have overlapping follicular waves in absence of ovulation which is induced by a seminal plasma factor (βNGF). The interval between follicular waves varies. The size of the ovulatory follicle varies between 11 and 25 mm in camels and between in 6 and 13 mm in South American Camelids. The interval between induction of ovulation and next ovulatory follicle is 15 ± 1 day for all camelids...
December 8, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249327/monitoring-and-controlling-ovarian-function-in-the-rhinoceros
#6
T L Roth, M W Schook, M A Stoops
Despite their size and potentially dangerous demeanor, the rhinoceros has been a preferred subject of wildlife reproductive scientists. Several factors contribute to this taxon's popularity including the ability to utilize insightful tools like non-invasive hormone metabolite monitoring and transrectal ultrasonography, the necessity for mate introductions to coincide with the female's estrus when breeding certain species or individuals, and the desire to develop assisted reproductive technologies to facilitate the genetic management and ultimate sustainability of small, managed populations in human care...
December 8, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234539/transurethral-bipolar-plasmakinetic-vapo-enucleation-of-the-prostate-is-it-safe-for-patients-on-chronic-oral-anticoagulants-and-or-platelet-aggregation-inhibitors
#7
Waleed El-Shaer, Ahmed Abou-Taleb, Wael Kandeel
Objectives: To assess the safety and efficacy of bipolar plasmakinetic enucleation and resection of the prostate (PKERP) for the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in patients on oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy and/or platelet aggregation inhibitors (PAIs). Patients and methods: In all, 91 patients were recruited and underwent PKERP whilst they were receiving PAIs (aspirin, 56 patients; clopidogrel, three; aspirin and clopidogrel, 11). In all, 15 patients were receiving an OAC drug perioperatively, whilst another six patients were on dual PAIs and OACs...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224858/a-resynchronization-of-ovulation-program-based-on-ovarian-structures-present-at-nonpregnancy-diagnosis-reduced-time-to-pregnancy-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#8
R Wijma, M M Pérez, M Masello, M L Stangaferro, J O Giordano
Our objective was to evaluate time to pregnancy after the first service postpartum and pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) in dairy cows managed with 2 resynchronization of ovulation programs. After first service, lactating Holstein cows were blocked by parity (primiparous vs. multiparous) and randomly assigned to the d 32 Resynch (R32; n = 1,010) or short Resynch (SR; n = 1,000) treatments. Nonpregnancy diagnosis (NPD) was conducted 32 ± 3 d after AI by transrectal ultrasonography. Nonpregnant cows in R32 received the Ovsynch protocol: GnRH, PGF2α 7 d later, GnRH 56 h later, and timed AI (TAI) 16 to 18 h later...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201507/computed-tomography-based-evaluation-of-prostatic-fiducial-marker-migration-between-the-periods-of-insertion-and-simulation
#9
Taner Arpacı, Gamze Uğurluer, Emine Burçin İspir, Alper Eken, Tuğana Akbaş, Meltem Serin
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether significant fiducial marker migration occurs between the periods of prostatic marker insertion and computed tomography (CT) performed for radiotherapy planning and if a waiting period is necessary. Material and methods: Thirty-nine patients with prostate adenocarcinoma underwent fiducial marker insertion before radiotherapy between June 2013 and December 2015. Three markers were inserted by one radiologist under the guidance of transrectal ultrasonography...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175175/the-relationship-between-circulating-concentration-of-amh-and-lh-content-in-the-follicle-stimulating-hormone-fsh-preparations-on-follicular-growth-and-ovulatory-response-to-superovulation-in-water-buffaloes
#10
A K Redhead, N Siew, N Lambie, D Carnarvon, R Ramgattie, M Knights
The relationship between circulating concentration of anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) and the LH content of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) preparation on follicular growth and ovulatory response in water buffaloes was evaluated. A single blood sample was taken from cows (N=31; age: 9.06±0.98years) to determine systemic AMH. Animals with concentrations higher or lower than 194±30pg/ml were placed into LOW and HIGH AMH groups and were assigned randomly to be superovulated FSH containing either a high (FSHp, HLH) or low (FolltropinV, LLH) LH content...
November 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171653/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-periprostatic-local-anesthesia-on-recurrent-prostate-biopsy
#11
Ekrem Akdeniz, Sevda Akdeniz, Mustafa Suat Bolat, Önder Çınar, Necmettin Şahinkaya, Nevin Esra Gümüş
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was investigate the pain palliation effect of 2% dose of lidocaine on the periprostatic nerve block in prostate biopsy patients. METHODS: Extended (12 cores) and saturation (22 cores) biopsy patients were included. The patients were separated into three groups: extended biopsy patients (Group I), saturation biopsy patients (Group II), and control group patients undergoing a biopsy procedure for the first time (Group III). All patients received 2% lidocaine (10 mL) on both the seminal vesicular junction and apex of the prostate with transrectal ultrasonography guidance...
October 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170792/prospective-comparison-among-three-intrarectal-anesthetic-treatments-combined-with-periprostatic-nerve-block-during-transrectal-ultrasonography-guided-prostate-biopsy
#12
R A Valdez-Flores, J G Campos-Salcedo, J J Torres-Gomez, A Sedano-Lozano, J Parés-Hipólito, L M Shelton, A Canizalez-Román, M A Valdez-Flores
BACKGROUND: Recent trends in prostate biopsy analgesia suggest a combination anesthetic to provide better pain relief than periprostatic nerve block (PPNB) alone. This study aimed to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of three intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA) combined with PPNB in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized study, 120 prostate biopsy patients were equally divided into four IRLA groups: group 1 (placebo) received simple lubrication; group 2 received 2% lidocaine gel; group 3 received 100 mg indomethacin suppository and group 4 received 5% prilocaine/lidocaine (EMLA) cream...
November 23, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157875/prostatic-calculi-do-they-matter
#13
REVIEW
Jun-Jie Cao, Wei Huang, Hong-Shen Wu, Min Cao, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Dong Jin
INTRODUCTION: Prostatic calculi (PC) are frequently detected at computed tomography or ultrasound in men attending the health center or the urology outpatient department. PC have attracted more attention from urologists, but the clinical significance of PC is unknown. AIM: To review the available literature on the effects of PC on prostatic diseases and sexual function in men. METHODS: Relevant clinical trials were identified by searching the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases...
November 17, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108060/effect-of-dried-distiller-s-grains-plus-solubles-in-postpartum-diets-of-beef-cows-on-reproductive-performance-of-dam-and-heifer-progeny
#14
E G Taylor, R P Lemenager, V Fellner, K R Stewart
Forty-eight primiparous and multiparous cows were fed a silage-based total mixed ration (TMR; CON), a TMR with 2.5 kg/d DM dried distiller's grains plus solubles (DDGS; MID), or a TMR with 4.7 kg/d DM DDGS (HIGH) from 8.5 ± 4 to 116 ± 4 d postpartum (DPP). All diets were formulated to be isocaloric for a postpartum ADG targeted at 0.22 kg, whereas CP exceeded requirements in both diets containing DDGS. Blood samples were collected from dams at 7- and 21-d intervals for progesterone concentration (resumption of cyclicity) and plasma urea nitrogen, respectively...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102672/long-term-patient-reported-clinical-outcomes-and-reoperation-rate-after-photovaporization-with-the-xps-180w-greenlight-laser
#15
Jehanne Calves, Maxime Thoulouzan, Marie-Aimée Perrouin-Verbe, Vincent Joulin, Antoine Valeri, Georges Fournier
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term reported clinical outcomes after photovaporization of the prostate (PVP) with the XPS-GreenLight laser in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic enlargement (BPE). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective longitudinal study was performed for all consecutive patients with BPE who underwent PVP at our institution between 2010 and 2012. Patient-reported clinical outcomes were assessed at 1 mo, 3 mo, 12 mo, and 57 mo using International Prostate Symptoms Score, International Continence Society, and International Index of Erectile Function short-form questionnaires...
November 1, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082726/-differential-diagnosis-and-management-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-in-adolescence
#16
Tiziano Motta, Antonio S Laganà, Gaetano Valenti, Valentina L LA Rosa, Marco Noventa, Amerigo Vitagliano, Benito Chiofalo, Agnese M Rapisarda, Diego Rossetti, Salvatore G Vitale
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is defined as any atypical genital bleeding originating from the uterine cavity, without the characteristics of normal menstrual period. AUB is an important symptom both for adolescents and their parents, and it usually leads to a state of anxiety. Although about 95% of AUB could be considered as a dysfunctional disorder, AUB requires well-defined diagnostic procedures in order to detect a physical cause, ruling out complex or systemic diseases, including oncological ones. Diagnostic procedures require the acquisition of a full and detailed history, and it is also crucial to obtain as much compliance from the patient as possible...
December 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080479/estrus-synchronization-and-fixed-time-artificial-insemination-alter-calving-distribution-in-bos-indicus-influenced-beef-heifers
#17
N Oosthuizen, P L P Fontes, C D Sanford, F M Ciriaco, D D Henry, L B Canal, N DiLorenzo, G C Lamb
To determine the effects of estrus synchronization (ES) and fixed-time artificial insemination (TAI) on calving distribution in Bos indicus influenced heifers, 751 Bos taurus × Bos indicus beef heifers were enrolled in a completely randomized design at 2 locations from January to May of 2016. Within location, all heifers were randomly assigned to one of two treatments: 1) SYNCH (n = 371); heifers were exposed to the 5-day CO-Synch + CIDR protocol where they were treated with 100 μg of GnRH, 25 mg of PGF2α, and a controlled internal drug releasing insert (CIDR) on d 0; heifers received 50 mg of PGF2α at CIDR removal on d 5, and were treated with 100 μg of GnRH and TAI 66 ± 2 h later on d 8; or 2) CONTROL (n = 380); heifers were exposed to natural service without ES or TAI...
October 20, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076299/clinical-significance-of-prostatic-calculi-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Jae Seog Hyun
Prostatic calculi often occur in middle-aged and old men. Prostatic calculi are usually classified as primary/endogenous stones or secondary/extrinsic stones. Endogenous stones are commonly caused by obstruction of the prostatic ducts around the enlarged prostate by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or by chronic inflammation. Extrinsic stones occur mainly around the urethra, because they are caused by urine reflux. The exact prevalence of prostatic calculi is not known, and it has been reported to vary widely, from 7% to 70%...
September 25, 2017: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073542/pregnancy-diagnosis-in-cattle-using-pregnancy-associated-glycoprotein-concentration-in-circulation-at-day-24-of-gestation
#19
S T Reese, M H C Pereira, J L Edwards, J L M Vasconcelos, K G Pohler
Cattle producers are limited to day 28-30 of gestation as the earliest time point for accurate pregnancy diagnosis due to the effectiveness of ultrasound and chemical based methods, including commercially available pregnancy associated glycoproteins (PAG) tests. The objective of the current studies were to determine if early gestation circulating PAG concentrations at day 24 could be used to diagnose pregnancy in dairy cattle undergoing embryo transfer. In vitro produced embryos were transferred into Holstein x Gir cows and heifers on day 7 following ovulation...
October 12, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071161/outcome-analysis-of-transrectal-ultrasonography-guided-aspiration-versus-transurethral-resection-of-prostatic-abscess-10%C3%A2-years-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#20
Bimalesh Purkait, Manoj Kumar, Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Ankur Bansal, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Ved Bhaskar
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of two minimally invasive methods (transrectal aspiration vs transurethral resection (TUR)/deroofing) of treating prostatic abscess. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted, from 2007 to 2016, of patients with prostatic abscesses not responding to antibiotics and/or with large (>2 cm) or multiple abscesses. Patients were divided into two groups depending on treatment received: Group A, transrectal aspiration; and Group B, TUR/deroofing of abscess...
September 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
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