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Adipocyte and breast cancer

Lan Wei, Kuangfa Li, Xueli Pang, Bianqin Guo, Min Su, Yunxiu Huang, Nian Wang, Feihu Ji, Changli Zhong, Junhong Yang, Zhiqian Zhang, Yulin Jiang, Yifeng Liu, Tingmei Chen
BACKGROUND: Accumulating researches have shown that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contributes to tumor metastasis. Leptin, a key adipokine secreted from adipocytes, shapes the tumor microenvironment, potentiates the migration of breast cancer cells and angiogenesis, and is also involved in EMT. However, the potential mechanism remains unknown. This study aims to explore the effect of leptin on EMT in breast cancer cells and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: With the assessment of EMT-associated marker expression in MCF-7, SK-BR-3, and MDA-MB-468 cells, the effect of leptin on breast cancer cells was analyzed...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Yu Jin Lee, Kyeong Jin Shin, Soo-Ah Park, Kyeong Su Park, Seorim Park, Kyun Heo, Young-Kyo Seo, Dong-Young Noh, Sung Ho Ryu, Pann-Ghill Suh
G-protein-coupled receptor 81 (GPR81) functions as a receptor for lactate and plays an important role in the regulation of anti-lipolytic effects in adipocytes. However, to data, a role for GPR81 in the tumor microenvironment has not been clearly defined. Here, GPR81 expression in breast cancer patients and several breast cancer cell lines was significantly increased compared with normal mammary tissues and cells. GPR81 knockdown resulted in impaired breast cancer growth and led to apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Ryan Kolb, Liem Phan, Nicholas Borcherding, Yinghong Liu, Fang Yuan, Ann M Janowski, Qing Xie, Kathleen R Markan, Wei Li, Matthew J Potthoff, Enrique Fuentes-Mattei, Lesley G Ellies, C Michael Knudson, Mong-Hong Lee, Sai-Ching J Yeung, Suzanne L Cassel, Fayyaz S Sutterwala, Weizhou Zhang
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing breast cancer and is also associated with worse clinical prognosis. The mechanistic link between obesity and breast cancer progression remains unclear, and there has been no development of specific treatments to improve the outcome of obese cancer patients. Here we show that obesity-associated NLRC4 inflammasome activation/ interleukin (IL)-1 signalling promotes breast cancer progression. The tumour microenvironment in the context of obesity induces an increase in tumour-infiltrating myeloid cells with an activated NLRC4 inflammasome that in turn activates IL-1β, which drives disease progression through adipocyte-mediated vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) expression and angiogenesis...
October 6, 2016: Nature Communications
Shotaro Nakajima, Vivien Koh, Ley-Fang Kua, Jimmy So, Lomanto Davide, Kee Siang Lim, Sven Hans Petersen, Wei-Peng Yong, Asim Shabbir, Koji Kono
Adipose tissue (AT) macrophages (ATMs) are key players for regulation of AT homeostasis and obesity-related metabolic disorders. However, the phenotypes of human ATMs and regulatory mechanisms of their polarization have not been clearly described. In this study, we investigated human ATMs in both abdominal visceral AT and s.c. AT and proposed an 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1)-glucocorticoid receptor regulatory axis that might dictate M1/M2 polarization in ATMs. The accumulation of CD11c(+)CD163(+) ATMs in both visceral AT and s...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Colin Thomas, Sujana Movva
Patients diagnosed with metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) have a poor prognosis. Additionally, after failure of first-line therapy, there are relatively few treatment options from which to choose. The novel tubulin-binding drug, eribulin, with a unique mechanism of action from taxanes or vinca alkaloids, has shown clinical activity in several different types of cancers. Eribulin has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for patients with metastatic breast cancer previously treated with an anthracycline or a taxane and has recently been FDA approved for patients with unresectable or metastatic liposarcoma who have failed a previous anthracycline regimen...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Safiyeh Aghazadeh, Razieh Yazdanparast
Trastuzumab has been successfully used as a first-line therapy specific for HER2-overexressing breast cancer patients. However, despite the effectiveness of trastuzumab, the occurrence of inherent and acquired resistance remains as the main challenge of the therapy. Thus, this has motivated efforts toward finding new therapeutic strategies including combining trastuzumab with other drugs to enhance its therapeutic efficacy. In that line, we investigated the capability of mycophenolic acid (MPA), an inhibitor of de novo guanine nucleotide synthesis with potential anti-cancer activity, on improving the response to trastuzumab among SKBR3 cells as well as trastuzumab resistant SKBR3-TR cells...
November 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Yanan Li, Weijie Min, Mengmeng Li, Guosheng Han, Dongwei Dai, Lei Zhang, Xin Chen, Xinglai Wang, Yuhui Zhang, Zhijian Yue, Jianmin Liu
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common malignant brain tumor. This study aimed to identify the hub genes and regulatory factors of GBM subgroups by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data analysis, in order to explore the possible mechanisms responsbile for the progression of GBM. The dataset RNASeqV2 was downloaded by TCGA-Assembler, containing 169 GBM and 5 normal samples. Gene expression was calculated by the reads per kilobase per million reads measurement, and nor malized with tag count comparison...
October 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Wenlian Zhu, Susan Harvey, Katarzyna J Macura, David M Euhus, Dmitri Artemov
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests adipocyte involvement in malignant breast tumor invasive front or margin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the location of invasive breast tumors in relation to fibroglandular and adipose tissue by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pretreatment breast DCE-MRI images of 294 patients with biopsy-proven invasive breast cancer from 2008 to 2014 were studied. Invasive breast tumors were visualized as enhanced lesions in the postcontrast subtraction images...
July 28, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
Emma V Morris, Claire M Edwards
The bone marrow is a favored site for a number of cancers, including the hematological malignancy multiple myeloma, and metastasis of breast and prostate cancer. This specialized microenvironment is highly supportive, not only for tumor growth and survival but also for the development of an associated destructive cancer-induced bone disease. The interactions between tumor cells, osteoclasts and osteoblasts are well documented. By contrast, despite occupying a significant proportion of the bone marrow, the importance of bone marrow adipose tissue is only just emerging...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Tiffany Scully, Sue M Firth, Carolyn D Scott, Hasanthi C de Silva, John E Pintar, Tailoi Chan-Ling, Stephen M Twigg, Robert C Baxter
Obesity is associated epidemiologically with poor breast cancer prognosis, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Since IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) influences both breast cancer growth and adipocyte maturation, it may impact on how obesity promotes breast oncogenesis. This study investigated the role of endogenous IGFBP-3 on the development of obesity and subsequently on breast tumor growth. Wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 or IGFBP-3-null (BP3KO) mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) or control chow-diet for 15 weeks before orthotopic injection with syngeneic EO771 murine breast cancer cells...
July 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Ssu-Ying Chen, Ching-Yi Wu, Yu-Chie Chen, Pawel L Urban
Liposomes and cells have high lipid contents, which are the main components of the external and internal membranes. Mass spectrometry (MS) is widely used in the analysis of the lipids present in the biological matrixes. However, MS analysis of liposome and cell suspensions is challenging due to the presence of other high-abundance matrix components (e.g., salts, buffers, and growth media) that cause ion suppression. These interfering species would normally be removed by dialysis or centrifugation. Here we propose a simple and fast method to detect major lipid components in cells and cell suspensions by MS while circumventing dialysis and centrifugation...
July 19, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Tulay Koru-Sengul, Ana M Santander, Feng Miao, Lidia G Sanchez, Merce Jorda, Stefan Glück, Tan A Ince, Mehrad Nadji, Zhibin Chen, Manuel L Penichet, Margot P Cleary, Marta Torroella-Kouri
Racial disparities in breast cancer incidence and outcome are a major health care challenge. Patients in the black race group more likely present with an early onset and more aggressive disease. The occurrence of high numbers of macrophages is associated with tumor progression and poor prognosis in solid malignancies. Macrophages are observed in adipose tissues surrounding dead adipocytes in "crown-like structures" (CLS). Here we investigated whether the numbers of CD163+ tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and/or CD163+ CLS are associated with patient survival and whether there are significant differences across blacks, non-black Latinas, and Caucasians...
July 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Benjamin D Pope, Curtis R Warren, Kevin Kit Parker, Chad A Cowan
The properties of tissue-specific microenvironments vary widely in the human body and demonstrably influence the structure and function of many cell types. Adipocytes are no exception, responding to cues in specialized niches to perform vital metabolic and endocrine functions. The adipose microenvironment is remodeled during tissue expansion to maintain the structural and functional integrity of the tissue and disrupted remodeling in obesity contributes to the progression of metabolic syndrome, breast cancer, and other malignancies...
October 2016: Trends in Cell Biology
Michelle N Harvie, Andrew H Sims, Mary Pegington, Katherine Spence, Adam Mitchell, Andrew A Vaughan, J William Allwood, Yun Xu, Nicolas J W Rattray, Royston Goodacre, D Gareth R Evans, Ellen Mitchell, Debbie McMullen, Robert B Clarke, Anthony Howell
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest weight loss and energy restriction reduce breast cancer risk. Intermittent energy restriction (IER) reduces weight to the same extent as, or more than equivalent continuous energy restriction (CER) but the effects of IER on normal breast tissue and systemic metabolism as indicators of breast cancer risk are unknown. METHODS: We assessed the effect of IER (two days of 65 % energy restriction per week) for one menstrual cycle on breast tissue gene expression using Affymetrix GeneChips, adipocyte size by morphometry, and systemic metabolism (insulin resistance, lipids, serum and urine metabolites, lymphocyte gene expression) in 23 overweight premenopausal women at high risk of breast cancer...
2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Mansour Moghimi, Pouria Yazdian Anari, Marzie Vaghefi, Abbas Meidany, Heidar Salehi
Nodular fasciitis of the breast is a rare benign pathology of soft tissue that is a consequence of fibroblastic hyperplasia within breast. It can mimic breast cancer clinically, radiologically, and histopathologically. A-43 year-old female with a painless mass within upper-lateral quadrant of her left breast complained of rapid and progressive growth during previous few days. No evidence of nipple discharge or sensation of pain was expressed. The mass was tender to palpation, but the size was too tiny to detect...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Jessica L Dobbs, Dongsuk Shin, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Henry Kuerer, Wei Yang, Rebecca Richards-Kortum
Adipose tissue is a dynamic organ that provides endocrine, inflammatory and angiogenic factors, which can assist breast carcinoma cells with invasion and metastasis. Previous studies have shown that adipocytes adjacent to carcinoma, known as cancer-associated adipocytes, undergo extensive changes that correspond to an "activated phenotype," such as reduced size relative to adipocytes in non-neoplastic breast tissue. Optical imaging provides a tool that can be used to characterize adipocyte morphology and other features of the tumor microenvironment...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Manjushree Anjanappa, Riesa Burnett, Michael A Zieger, Stephanie Merfeld-Clauss, William Wooden, Keith March, Sunil Tholpady, Harikrishna Nakshatri
UNLABELLED: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) have received considerable attention in oncology because of the known direct link between obesity and cancer as well as the use of ASCs in reconstructive surgery after tumor ablation. Previous studies have documented how cancer cells commandeer ASCs to support their survival by altering extracellular matrix composition and stiffness, migration, and metastasis. This study focused on delineating the effects of ASCs and adipocytes on the self-renewal of stem/progenitor cells and hierarchy of breast epithelial cells...
July 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Kuangfa Li, Lan Wei, Yunxiu Huang, Yang Wu, Min Su, Xueli Pang, Nian Wang, Feihu Ji, Changli Zhong, Tingmei Chen
In recent years, crosstalk between tumor microenvironment and cancer cells have received increasing attention. Accumulating research data suggests that leptin, a key adipokine secreted from adipocytes, plays important roles in breast cancer development. In our study, the effects of leptin on polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and promotion of the invasiveness of tumor cells were investigated. THP1 cells were used to differentiate M2 polarization macrophages. After stimulated by leptin, we established a co-culture system of tumor cells and macrophages to evaluate the function of leptin-induced macrophages in the migration and invasion of breast cancer cells...
June 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Ganji Purnachandra Nagaraju, Balney Rajitha, Sheik Aliya, Rama P Kotipatruni, Appiya Santharam Madanraj, Anthea Hammond, Dongkyoo Park, Srinivasulu Chigurupati, Afroz Alam, Subasini Pattnaik
Adipose tissue is a highly vascularized endocrine organ, and its secretion profiles may vary with obesity. Adiponectin is secreted by adipocytes that make up adipose tissue. Worldwide, obesity has been designated a serious health problem among women and is associated with a variety of metabolic disorders and an increased risk of developing cancer of the cervix, ovaries, uterus (uterine/endometrial), and breast. In this review, the potential link between obesity and female-specific malignancies is comprehensively presented by discussing significant features of the intriguing and complex molecule, adiponectin, with a focus on recent findings highlighting its molecular mechanism of action in female-specific carcinogenesis...
April 6, 2016: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
Vivian Morad, Annelie Abrahamsson, Preben Kjölhede, Charlotta Dabrosin
Exposure to sex steroids increases the risk of breast cancer but the exact mechanisms are yet to be elucidated. Events in the microenvironment are important for carcinogenesis. Diet containing phytoestrogens can affect the breast microenvironment and alter the risk of breast cancer. It has previously been shown that estrogen regulates extracellular levels of leptin, adiponectin, and VEGF in normal breast tissue in vivo. Whether these proteins correlate in breast tissue in vivo or if diet addition of flaxseed, a major source of phytoestrogens in Western diets, alters adipokine levels in breast tissue are unknown...
June 2016: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
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