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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456833/work-related-acute-physical-injuries-chronic-overuse-complaints-and-the-psychosocial-work-environment-in-danish-primary-care-chiropractic-practice-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Mille Charlotte Hansen, Tine Aagaard, Henrik Wulff Christensen, Jan Hartvigsen
Background: Little is known about the physical and psychosocial work environment of chiropractors and their work-related health complaints, and this has never been described for Danish chiropractors. The aim of this study was, therefore, to describe work-related acute physical injuries, overuse complaints, and psychosocial stress in Danish chiropractic work settings. Methods: We developed a questionnaire specifically for this study and distributed it electronically in August 2016 using SurveyXact to all 575 members of the Danish Chiropractors' Association working in primary care clinics...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455353/lethal-and-sub-lethal-effects-of-cyproconazole-on-freshwater-organisms-a-case-study-with-chironomus-riparius-and-dugesia-tigrina
#2
Althiéris S Saraiva, Renato A Sarmento, Oksana Golovko, Tomas Randak, João L T Pestana, Amadeu M V M Soares
The fungicide cyproconazole (CPZ) inhibits the biosynthesis of ergosterol, an essential sterol component in fungal cell membrane and can also affect non-target organisms by its inhibitory effects on P450 monooxygenases. The predicted environmental concentration of CPZ is up to 49.05 μg/L and 145.89 μg/kg in surface waters and sediments, respectively, and information about CPZ toxicity towards non-target aquatic organisms is still limited. This study aimed to address the lack of ecotoxicological data for CPZ, and thus, an evaluation of the lethal and sub-lethal effects of CPZ was performed using two freshwater invertebrates (the midge Chironomus riparius and the planarian Dugesia tigrina)...
February 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454370/isolation-of-a-novel-rhabdovirus-from-an-insectivorous-bat-pipistrellus-kuhlii-in-italy
#3
Davide Lelli, Alice Prosperi, Ana Moreno, Chiara Chiapponi, Anna Maria Gibellini, Paola De Benedictis, Stefania Leopardi, Enrica Sozzi, Antonio Lavazza
BACKGROUND: Rhabdoviridae is one of the most ecologically diverse families of RNA viruses which can infect a wide range of vertebrates and invertebrates. Bats, among mammals, are pointed to harbor a significantly higher proportion of unknown or emerging viruses with zoonotic potential. Herein, we report the isolation of a novel rhabdovirus, detected in the framework of a virological survey on bats implemented in North Italy. METHODS: Virus isolation and identification were performed on samples of 635 bats by using cell cultures, negative staining electron microscopy and PCRs for different viruses...
February 17, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449562/chir99021-and-valproic-acid-reduce-the-proliferative-advantage-of-apc-mutant-cells
#4
Alistair J Langlands, Thomas D Carroll, Yu Chen, Inke Näthke
More than 90% of colorectal cancers carry mutations in Apc that drive tumourigenesis. A 'just-right' signalling model proposes that Apc mutations stimulate optimal, but not excessive Wnt signalling, resulting in a growth advantage of Apc mutant over wild-type cells. Reversal of this growth advantage constitutes a potential therapeutic approach. We utilised intestinal organoids to compare the growth of Apc mutant and wild-type cells. Organoids derived from Apc Min/+ mice recapitulate stages of intestinal polyposis in culture...
February 15, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443429/electronic-circular-dichroism-for-the-detection-of-microalbuminuria
#5
Lucie Habartová, Hana Logerová, Lukáš Tomaník, Aneta Marešová, Vladimír Setnička
Over the past decades, chiroptical spectroscopy has proved its incomparable ability to elucidate the structure and spatial arrangement of chiral molecules. Systematic analysis of biomolecules in the natural environment of biofluids, however, remains challenging. In this study, we used chiroptical spectroscopy to monitor urinary levels of human serum albumin. Not only severe proteinuria but even just a slightly increased urinary excretion of albumin (microalbuminuria) may indicate serious health complications, especially for diabetic individuals...
February 14, 2018: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441766/-identification-of-methamphetamine-abuse-and-selegiline-use%C3%AF-chiral-analysis-of-methamphetamine-and-amphetamine-in-urine
#6
P Xiang, J Bu, Z Qiao, X Y Zhuo, H J Wu, M Shen
OBJECTIVES: To study the content variation of selegiline and its metabolites in urine, and based on actual cases, to explore the feasibility for the identification of methamphetamine abuse and selegiline use by chiral analysis. METHODS: The urine samples were tested by chiral separation and LC-MS/MS method using CHIROBIOTIC™ V2 chiral liquid chromatography column. The chiral analysis of methamphetamine and amphetamine were performed on the urine samples from volunteers of selegiline use and drug addicts whom suspected taking selegiline...
December 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441194/leadership-and-capacity-building-in-international-chiropractic-research-introducing-the-chiropractic-academy-for-research-leadership-carl
#7
EDITORIAL
Jon Adams, Greg Kawchuk, Alexander Breen, Diana De Carvalho, Andreas Eklund, Matthew Fernandez, Martha Funabashi, Michelle M Holmes, Melker S Johansson, Katie de Luca, Craig Moore, Isabelle Pagé, Katherine A Pohlman, Michael S Swain, Arnold Y L Wong, Jan Hartvigsen
In an evidence-based health care environment, healthcare professions require a sustainable research culture to remain relevant. At present however, there is not a mature research culture across the chiropractic profession largely due to deficiencies in research capacity and leadership, which may be caused by a lack of chiropractic teaching programs in major universities. As a response to this challenge the Chiropractic Academy for Research Leadership, CARL, was created with the aim of develop a global network of successful early-career chiropractic researchers under the mentorship of three successful senior academics from Australia, Canada, and Denmark...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435668/theoretical-insights-into-aggregation-induced-helicity-modulation-of-a-perylene-bisimide-derivative
#8
Lijun Liang, Xin Li
Formation of helical chiroptical self-assemblies via noncovalent interaction is a widely observed phenomenon in nature, the mechanism of which remains insufficiently understood. Employing an amphiphilic perylene-sugar dyad molecule (PBI-HAG) as an example, we report that the modulatable supramolecular helicity may emerge from an aggregating process that is dominated by competition between two types of noncovalent interaction: hydrogen bonding and π-π stacking. The interplay between these two driving forces, which is greatly affected by the solvent environment, determines the morphology the supramolecular assembly of PBI-HAGs...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435227/tillage-and-herbicide-reduction-mitigate-the-gap-between-conventional-and-organic-farming-effects-on-foraging-activity-of-insectivorous-bats
#9
Kévin Barré, Isabelle Le Viol, Romain Julliard, François Chiron, Christian Kerbiriou
The increased use of pesticides and tillage intensification is known to negatively affect biodiversity. Changes in these agricultural practices such as herbicide and tillage reduction have variable effects among taxa, especially at the top of the trophic network including insectivorous bats. Very few studies compared the effects of agricultural practices on such taxa, and overall, only as a comparison of conventional versus organic farming without accurately accounting for underlying practices, especially in conventional where many alternatives exist...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430768/uncovering-the-circular-polarization-potential-of-chiral-photonic-cellulose-films-for-photonic-applications
#10
Hongzhi Zheng, Wanru Li, Wen Li, Xiaojun Wang, Zhiyong Tang, Sean Xiao-An Zhang, Yan Xu
Circularly polarized light (CPL) is central to photonic technologies. A key challenge lies in developing a general route for generation of CPL with tailored chiroptical activity using low-cost raw materials suitable for scale-up. This study presents that cellulose films with photonic bandgaps (PBG) and left-handed helical sense have an intrinsic ability for circular polarization leading to PBG-based CPL with extraordinary |g | values, well-defiend handedness, and tailorable wavelength by the PBG change. Using such cellulose films, incident light ranging from near-UV to near-IR can be transformed to passive L-CPL and R-CPL with viewing-side-dependent handedness and |g | values up to 0...
February 12, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430055/conservative-management-of-mri-confirmed-knee-osteoarthritis-with-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-joint-manipulation-and-platelet-rich-plasma
#11
Arif Karmali
Objective: To describe the successful conservative management of a patient with chronic degenerative knee pain. Clinical Features: An active 47 year-old female office-worker with intermittent right knee pain inferolateral to the right patella for eight months described difficulty ascending stairs, sitting on a chair for one hour, and squatting. A physical exam led to the diagnosis of a suspected chronic degenerative tear of the posterior horn of the right medial meniscus and chronic right subpatellar chondrosis, in addition to extensive cartilaginous degeneration revealed by an MRI study conducted prior to initial presentation...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430054/concussion-knowledge-among-sport-chiropractic-fellows-from-the-royal-college-of-chiropractic-sports-sciences-canada
#12
Mohsen Kazemi, Mary Emma Bogumil, Khushboo Vora
Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the degree of knowledge that sports chiropractors have in regard to concussion diagnosis and management. Methods: A concussion knowledge survey was administered to Sport Chiropractic Fellows of the Royal College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences - Canada (RCCSS(C)) (n=44) via SurveyMonkey.com. Results: Sports chiropractors scored statistically higher on the survey when compared to chiropractic residents (mean =5...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430053/exercise-as-a-vital-sign-a-preliminary-pilot-study-in-a-chiropractic-setting
#13
Scott Howitt, Kyle Simpson, Darren Suderman, Andrew Mercer, Susan Rutherford, Christopher deGraauw
Background: The association between physical inactivity and non-communicable disease risk has been well documented in recent literature. An exercise vital sign (EVS) is a measure that can routinely capture vital information about a patient's physical activity behaviour. The objective of this study is to understand if (1) patient exercise minutes per week (EMPW) are being recorded by chiropractic interns, and (2) whether these patients are exceeding, meeting or falling short of the current recommendations provided by the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines (CPAG)...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430052/-i-didn-t-pay-her-to-teach-me-how-to-fix-my-back-a-focused-ethnographic-study-exploring-chiropractors-and-chiropractic-patients-experiences-and-beliefs-regarding-exercise-adherence
#14
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman
Aim: To inform future research and exercise prescription for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), this study explored chiropractors' and chiropractic patients' experiences and beliefs regarding the barriers and facilitators to prescribed exercise adherence. Methods: A focused ethnographic approach was used involving 16 semi-structured interviews, including pilot interviews (n = 4) followed by interviews with chiropractors (n = 6) and chiropractic patients with CLBP (n = 6)...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430051/jcca-special-issue-december-2017-sports-chiropractic
#15
EDITORIAL
Mohsen Kazemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430050/our-future-in-the-hands-of-millennials
#16
Michele Maiers
The future of any profession is in the hands of its students and early career practitioners. The Millennial generation of chiropractors embody attributes that are uniquely suited to the evolving landscape of 21st century healthcare. Globalization and rapid advancements in technology demand different styles of communication, attitudes toward diversity, styles of professional engagement, and perhaps most importantly, idealism about the future. Millennial chiropractors have a clear vision for this future of the profession, and are equipped to actualize that ideal...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430047/informing-a-research-agenda-for-the-canadian-chiropractic-profession
#17
COMMENT
Simon D French, Ronda Parkes, Paul Bruno, Steven Passmore, Jill A Hayden, John Srbely, Greg Kawchuk
Our research group recently published a Delphi study that identified Canadian chiropractic profession research priority areas. At the same time, the Canadian Chiropractic Research Foundation (CCRF) was developing their own research priority areas. In this commentary, we discuss the results of the Delphi study, compare and contrast these results to the research priorities of the CCRF, and report new data from a survey about where members of the chiropractic profession think that available research funding should be spent...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430046/canadian-chiropractic-guideline-initiative-ccgi-progress-and-future-directions-december-2017
#18
André Bussières
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430045/the-journal-of-the-canadian-chiropractic-association-s-60th-anniversary-issue-time-to-consider-the-future
#19
EDITORIAL
Kent Stuber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430044/research-resource-environment-in-canada-gathering-knowledge-in-advance-to-inform-chiropractic-research-priorities
#20
Kent Stuber, Greg Kawchuk, Andre Bussières
Objective: To better understand the research resources and environment within the Canadian chiropractic profession. Methods: All members of the Canadian Chiropractic Association (n=7200) were invited to access an electronic survey on research capacity, activity, and resources. Canadian chiropractic stakeholder organizations received an invitation to participate in a related survey. Results: 505 CCA members completed the survey (7.0% completed response rate, 65% males, 19% with graduate degrees)...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
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