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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728149/higher-rates-of-operative-delivery-and-maternal-and-neonatal-complications-in-persistent-occiput-posterior-position-with-a-large-head-circumference-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Oren Yagel, Sarah M Cohen, Michal Lipschuetz, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Hagai Amsalem, Doron Kabiri, Simcha Yagel
INTRODUCTION: We investigated whether large head circumference (HC) combined with persistent occiput posterior (OP) position is associated with higher rates of operative delivery and obstetric and neonatal complications than OP deliveries without large HC or in occiput anterior (OA) position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Term singleton deliveries in our centers from January 2010 to December 2014, delivered in cephalic OA (n = 41,038) or OP position (n = 1,740), were assessed...
July 21, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726342/social-workers-perceptions-of-barriers-to-interpersonal-therapy-implementation-for-treating-postpartum-depression-in-a-primary-care-setting-in-israel
#2
Rena Bina, Adi Barak, Barbara Posmontier, Saralee Glasser, Tali Cinamon
Research on evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation in social work often neglects to include evaluation of application barriers. This qualitative study examined social workers' perspectives of provider- and organisational-related barriers to implementing a brief eight-session interpersonal therapy (IPT) intervention, a time-limited EBP that addresses reducing depressive symptoms and improving interpersonal functioning. Implementation took place in a primary care setting in Israel and was aimed at treating women who have postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms...
July 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725403/potential-and-limitations-of-inferring-ecosystem-photosynthetic-capacity-from-leaf-functional-traits
#3
Talie Musavi, Mirco Migliavacca, Martine Janet van de Weg, Jens Kattge, Georg Wohlfahrt, Peter M van Bodegom, Markus Reichstein, Michael Bahn, Arnaud Carrara, Tomas F Domingues, Michael Gavazzi, Damiano Gianelle, Cristina Gimeno, André Granier, Carsten Gruening, Kateřina Havránková, Mathias Herbst, Charmaine Hrynkiw, Aram Kalhori, Thomas Kaminski, Katja Klumpp, Pasi Kolari, Bernard Longdoz, Stefano Minerbi, Leonardo Montagnani, Eddy Moors, Walter C Oechel, Peter B Reich, Shani Rohatyn, Alessandra Rossi, Eyal Rotenberg, Andrej Varlagin, Matthew Wilkinson, Christian Wirth, Miguel D Mahecha
The aim of this study was to systematically analyze the potential and limitations of using plant functional trait observations from global databases versus in situ data to improve our understanding of vegetation impacts on ecosystem functional properties (EFPs). Using ecosystem photosynthetic capacity as an example, we first provide an objective approach to derive robust EFP estimates from gross primary productivity (GPP) obtained from eddy covariance flux measurements. Second, we investigate the impact of synchronizing EFPs and plant functional traits in time and space to evaluate their relationships, and the extent to which we can benefit from global plant trait databases to explain the variability of ecosystem photosynthetic capacity...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718074/advances-in-imaging-instrumentation-for-nuclear-cardiology
#4
Jae Sung Lee, Gil Kovalski, Tali Sharir, Dong Soo Lee
Advances in imaging instrumentation and technology have greatly contributed to nuclear cardiology. Dedicated cardiac SPECT cameras incorporating novel, highly efficient detector, collimator, and system designs have emerged with the expansion of nuclear cardiology. Solid-state radiation detectors incorporating cadmium zinc telluride, which directly convert radiation to electrical signals and yield improved energy resolution and spatial resolution and enhanced count sensitivity geometries, are increasingly gaining favor as the detector of choice for application in dedicated cardiac SPECT systems...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715801/fetal-urine-production-rate-in-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-is-associated-with-adverse-neonatal-outcome-a-pilot-study
#5
Tehila Avitan, Lior Drukker, Hadass Pri-Chen, Ron Rabinowitz, Nurit Algur, Michael S Schimmel, Letizia Schreiber, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Arnon Samueloff, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky
AIM: In this study, we evaluate the associations between fetal urinary production rate (FUPR), measured by ultrasound, and adverse neonatal outcome in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: We conducted a prospective pilot cohort of singleton pregnancies complicated by PPROM occurring at gestational week 24 or later managed until spontaneous labor (after 48 h of admission), chorioamnionitis, or induction by protocol at 35 + 0 weeks. FUPR was evaluated by 2D sonography at admission (corrected for gestational age)...
July 18, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714535/neandertal-talus-bones-from-el-sidr%C3%A3-n-site-asturias-spain-a-3d-geometric-morphometrics-analysis
#6
Antonio Rosas, Anabel Ferrando, Markus Bastir, Antonio García-Tabernero, Almudena Estalrrich, Rosa Huguet, Daniel García-Martínez, Juan Francisco Pastor, Marco de la Rasilla
OBJECTIVES: The El Sidrón tali sample is assessed in an evolutionary framework. We aim to explore the relationship between Neandertal talus morphology and body size/shape. We test the hypothesis 1: talar Neandertal traits are influenced by body size, and the hypothesis 2: shape variables independent of body size correspond to inherited primitive features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We quantify 35 landmarks through 3D geometric morphometrics techniques to describe H...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710935/measurement-of-isomeric-yield-ratios-of-99m-g-101m-g-102m-g-rh-in-the-nat-pd-%C3%AE-pxn-reactions-with-the-bremsstrahlung-end-point-energies-of-50-70mev
#7
Nguyen Van Do, Pham Duc Khue, Kim Tien Thanh, Nguyen Thi Hien, Guinyun Kim, Kwangsoo Kim, Sung-Gyun Shin, Yong-Uk Kye, Moo-Hyun Cho
The isomeric yield ratios of (99m,g)Rh, (101m,gg)Rh, and (102m,g)Rh isomeric pairs produced from the (nat)Pd(γ,pxn) reactions were measured with the bremsstrahlung end-point energies of 50-, 55-, 60-, 65-, and 70-MeV at the 100MeV electron linac of the Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Korea. The measurements were carried out with the activation method in combination with off-line γ-ray spectrometry. In order to improve the accuracy of the activity measurements, the separation of the overlapping γ-rays and the necessary corrections for the counting losses were made...
June 20, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706506/identification-of-brca1-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-targeted-therapy-in-breast-cancer
#8
Tali Cohen-Sinai, Zoya Cohen, Haim Werner, Raanan Berger
The insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF1R) emerged in recent years as a promising therapeutic target in oncology. Identification of potential biomarkers capable of predicting response to IGF1R-targeted therapy is of cardinal importance. Tumor suppressor BRCA1 has important roles in multiple pathways, including gene transcription, DNA damage repair, and control of apoptosis. Early studies have identified the IGF1R gene as a downstream target for inhibitory regulation by wild-type, but not mutant, BRCA1...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697950/sodium-levels-on-admission-are-associated-with-mortality-risk-in-hospitalized-patients
#9
Amit Akirov, Talia Diker-Cohen, Tali Steinmetz, Oren Amitai, Ilan Shimon
AIMS: Abnormal sodium values are common among hospitalized patients. We aimed to investigate the association of admission sodium values and mortality. METHODS: Historical prospectively data of adult patients hospitalized to medical wards between January 2011 and December 2013. Admission sodium values were classified to five categories: severe hyponatremia (<125mEq/L), mild hyponatremia (125-135mEq/L), normal sodium values (135-145mEq/L), mild hypernatremia (145-150mEq/L) and severe hypernatremia (>150mEq/L)...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695311/aberrant-paramagnetic-signals-outside-the-tumor-volume-on-routine-surveillance-mri-of-brain-tumor-patients
#10
Shlomit Yust-Katz, Edna Inbar, Natalia Michaeli, Dror Limon, Tali Siegal
Late complications of cerebral radiation therapy (RT) involve vascular injury with acquired cavernous malformation, telangiectasias and damage to vascular walls which are well recognized in children. Its incidence in adults is unknown. Blood products and iron deposition that accompany vascular injury create paramagnetic effects on MRI. This study retrospectively investigated the frequency of paramagnetic lesions on routine surveillance MRI of adult brain tumor patients. MRI studies of 115 brain tumor patients were reviewed...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694640/guillain-barre-syndrome-in-postpartum-period-rehabilitation-issues-and-outcome-three-case-reports
#11
Anupam Gupta, Maitreyi Patil, Meeka Khanna, Rashmi Krishnan, Arun B Taly
We report three females who developed Guillain-Barre Syndrome in postpartum period (within 6 weeks of delivery) and were admitted in the Neurological Rehabilitation Department for rehabilitation after the initial diagnosis and treatment in the Department of Neurology. The first case, axonal variant (acute motor axonal neuropathy [AMAN]) had worst presentation at the time of admission, recovered well by the time of discharge. The second case, acute motor sensory axonal neuropathy variant and the third case, AMAN variant presented at the late postpartum period...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694622/pulmonary-involvement-in-patients-with-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-subacute-phase
#12
Meeka Khanna, Nidhi Rawat, Anupam Gupta, Madhu Nagappa, Arun B Taly, M R Rukmani, T N Sathyaprabha, Partha Haldar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the pulmonary function in Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) patients in subacute phase and find clinical correlates of pulmonary dysfunction. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective, cross-sectional, hospital-based study in GBS patients performed in Department of Neurological Rehabilitation at a tertiary care institute. Clinical examination for pulmonary function was done by measuring chest expansion. The pulmonary function tests were carried out by Spirometry kit Microquark Cosmed, Italy...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694613/cognitive-and-functional-outcomes-following-inpatient-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#13
Maitreyi Patil, Anupam Gupta, Meeka Khanna, Arun B Taly, Amit Soni, J Keshav Kumar, K Thennarasu
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of cognitive retraining and inpatient rehabilitation to study the effects of cognitive retraining and inpatient rehabilitation in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a prospective follow-up study in a neurological rehabilitation department of quaternary research hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with ABI, mean age 36.43 years (standard deviation [SD] 12.6, range 18-60), mean duration of illness 77...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694268/the-effect-of-changes-in-cervical-cancer-screening-guidelines-on-chlamydia-testing
#14
Michelle S Naimer, Jeffrey C Kwong, Deepit Bhatia, Rahim Moineddin, Michael Whelan, Michael A Campitelli, Liane Macdonald, Aisha Lofters, Ashleigh Tuite, Tali Bogler, Joanne A Permaul, Warren J McIsaac
PURPOSE: Many chlamydia infections are identified through screening, which is frequently offered to females concomitantly with cervical cancer screening. Recent cervical cancer screening guidelines recommend screening less frequently and starting later. We sought to evaluate the impact of the May 2012 Ontario, Canada, cervical cancer screening guideline change on Papanicolaou (Pap) and chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) testing and incidence. METHODS: We extracted population-based physician billing claims data to identify Pap and chlamydia tests and public health surveillance data to identify chlamydia cases...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692072/-psicoterapia-e-tempo-psicologico-uno-studio-di-caso
#15
Álvaro Quiñones, Francisco Ceric, Carla Ugarte, Adele De Pascale
RIASSUNTO. Scopo. Il presente lavoro è uno studio di caso comparativo, parte di una ricerca sul processo psicoterapeutico. La ricerca descrive la percezione del tempo soggettivo in due processi psicoterapeutici, uno con esito positivo e l'altro no. Metodi. Abbiamo studiato, con un orientamento cognitivista, due processi psicoterapeutici, videoregistrati e trascritti integralmente seduta per seduta. Inizialmente è stata condotta un'analisi qualitativa (con approccio top-down) per codificare la qualità, e realizzata per identificare categorie dei diversi tipi di tempo soggettivo, che dipendono dai differenti stati di benessere psicologico...
May 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688996/zika-virus-dynamics-when-does-sexual-transmission-matter
#16
Ondrej Maxian, Anna Neufeld, Emma J Talis, Lauren M Childs, Julie C Blackwood
The Zika virus (ZIKV) has captured worldwide attention with the ongoing epidemic in South America and its link to severe birth defects, most notably microcephaly. ZIKV is spread to humans through a combination of vector and sexual transmission, but the relative contribution of these transmission routes to the overall epidemic remains largely unknown. Furthermore, a disparity in the reported number of infections between males and females has been observed. We develop a mathematical model that describes the transmission dynamics of ZIKV to determine the processes driving the observed epidemic patterns...
June 29, 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687418/expectation-creates-something-out-of-nothing-the-role-of-attention-in-iconic-memory-reconsidered
#17
Jaan Aru, Talis Bachmann
Conscious experience is modulated by attention and expectation, yet is believed to be independent of attention. The experiments on iconic memory (IM) are usually taken as support for this claim. However, a recent experiment demonstrated that when attention is diverted away from the IM letter display subjects fail to see the absence of IM letters. Here we contribute to the ongoing debate by overcoming experimental shortcomings of this previous experiment, by measuring subjective visibility and by testing the effect of the post-cue...
July 4, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676320/body-contouring-procedures-in-three-or-more-anatomical-areas-are-associated-with-long-term-body-mass-index-decrease-in-massive-weight-loss-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Itay Wiser, Lior Heller, Coral Spector, Ehud Fliss, Tali Friedman
BACKGROUND: Massive weight loss (MWL) patients who undergo body contouring plastic surgery (BCPS) display superior long-term weight maintenance. The effect of the number of anatomical areas contoured on weight dynamics is undetermined. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether body mass index (BMI) dynamics following BCPS are associated with the number of anatomical areas operated. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Study groups were defined by the number of anatomical areas operated (1, 2, and 3+)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669207/computational-psychiatry-new-perspectives-on-mental-illnessedited-by-a-david-redish-ph-d-and-joshua-a-gordon-m-d-ph-d-cambridge-mass-mit-press-2016-424-pp-45-00-hardcover
#19
Tali M Ball, Andrea N Goldstein-Piekarski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665349/perna-canaliculus-and-the-intestinal-microbiome
#20
REVIEW
Emma Tali Saltzman, Michael Thomsen, Sean Hall, Luis Vitetta
Natural medicines are often an attractive option for patients diagnosed with chronic conditions. Three main classes of bioactives that have been reported from marine mussel extracts include proteins, lipids and carbohydrates. Commercially, the most relevant species of marine mollusks belong to two genera, Perna and Mytilus. Specifically, the Perna canaliculus species has been repeatedly demonstrated to harbor anti-inflammatory compounds such as omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) that can ameliorate pro-inflammatory conditions, or proteins that can promote thrombin inhibitory activity...
June 30, 2017: Marine Drugs
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