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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713914/systematic-identification-of-human-housekeeping-genes-possibly-useful-as-references-in-gene-expression-studies
#1
Maria Caracausi, Allison Piovesan, Francesca Antonaros, Pierluigi Strippoli, Lorenza Vitale, Maria Chiara Pelleri
The ideal reference, or control, gene for the study of gene expression in a given organism should be expressed at a medium‑high level for easy detection, should be expressed at a constant/stable level throughout different cell types and within the same cell type undergoing different treatments, and should maintain these features through as many different tissues of the organism. From a biological point of view, these theoretical requirements of an ideal reference gene appear to be best suited to housekeeping (HK) genes...
July 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712163/molecular-characterization-of-fecal-microbiota-of-healthy-chinese-tobacco-smoker-subjects-in-shaanxi-province-xi-an-china
#2
Hafiz Muhammad Ishaq, Muhammad Shahzad, Xiaokang Wu, Chaofeng Ma, Jiru Xu
BACKGROUND: Tobacco Smoking, most commonly, can cause the diseases affecting the lungs and heart. Human gut microbiota plays a key role to decide the health status of the host. Current study aimed to characterize the gut microbiota of healthy Chinese tobacco smokers and to study the alteration in diversity and similarity of gut microbiota, with comparison of healthy non-smokers. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from fourteen healthy tobacco smokers and six from healthy non-smoker individuals...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641244/computerized-lung-sound-screening-for-pediatric-auscultation-in-noisy-field-environments
#3
Dimitra Emmanouilidou, Eric D McCollum, Daniel E Park, Mounya Elhilali
GOAL: Chest auscultations offer a non-invasive and low-cost tool for monitoring lung disease. However, they present many shortcomings including inter-listener variability, subjectivity, and vulnerability to noise and distortions. The current work proposes a computer-aided approach to process lung signals acquired in the field under adverse noisy conditions, by improving the signal quality and offering automated iden- tification of abnormal auscultations indicative of respiratory pathologies...
June 19, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578255/development-and-validation-of-an-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-quantification-of-sr1001-an-inverse-agonist-of-retinoid-related-orphan-receptors-and-its-application-to-pharmacokinetic-studies-in-streptozotocin-induced
#4
Cuipei Lin, Hanqing Wang, Hua Sun, Chengju Xiao, Yunxia Xue, Jun Liu, Ting Fu, Yifei Wang, Dong Dong, Zhijie Li
Retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptors (RORs) play critical roles in the onset and progression of type I diabetes, an autoimmune disease characterized by the destruction of pancreatic β-cells. SR1001, an ROR inverse agonist, has been proven to be an effective diabetes treatment in the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse model. However, optimization of this treatment is challenging because knowledge of SR1001 pharmacokinetic (PK) behaviors in type I diabetic animals is limited. The aim of our study was to develop and validate a specific and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (UPLC-MS/MS) method to measure the concentrations of SR1001 in plasma and biological samples...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224401/synchronous-bilateral-breast-cancer-irradiation-clinical-and-dosimetrical-issues-using-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-and-simultaneous-integrated-boost
#5
Alba Fiorentino, Rosario Mazzola, Stefania Naccarato, Niccolò Giaj-Levra, Sergio Fersino, Gianluisa Sicignano, Umberto Tebano, Francesco Ricchetti, Ruggero Ruggieri, Filippo Alongi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present retrospective analysis was to evaluate dosimetric parameters, feasibility and outcome for Synchronous Bilateral Breast Cancer (SBBC) patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) by Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT). METHODS: From September 2011 to April 2016, 1100 Breast Cancer (BC) patients were referred to our institution to receive adjuvant breast RT, and those with SBBC were selected for the present analysis. A total of 16 patients were identified...
June 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125149/assessment-of-fatigue-using-the-identity-consequence-fatigue-scale-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#6
Ingrid Correia Nogueira, Amanda Souza Araújo, Maria Tereza Morano, Antonio George Cavalcante, Pedro Felipe de Bruin, Johana Susan Paddison, Guilherme Pinheiro da Silva, Eanes Delgado Pereira
Objective: To evaluate the properties of the Identity-Consequence Fatigue Scale (ICFS) in patients with lung cancer (LC), assessing the intensity of fatigue and associated factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving LC patients, treated at a teaching hospital in Brazil, who completed the ICFS. Patients with chronic heart disease (CHD) and healthy controls, matched for age and gender, also completed the scale. Initially, a Brazilian Portuguese-language version of the ICFS was administered to 50 LC patients by two independent interviewers; to test for reproducibility, it was readministered to those same patients...
January 23, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048824/su-f-t-123-the-simulated-effect-of-the-breath-hold-reproducibility-treating-locally-advanced-lung-cancer-with-pencil-beam-scanned-proton-therapy
#7
J Dueck, R Perrin, G F Persson, A Lomax, M Josipovic, S A Engelholm, D C Weber, P Munck, A F Rosenschöld
PURPOSE: The breath-hold (BH) technique has been suggested to mitigate motion and reduce target coverage degradation due to motion effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of inter-BH residual motion on the dose distribution for pencil beam scanned (PBS) proton therapy of locally-advanced lung cancer patients. METHODS: A dataset of visually-guided BH CT scans was acquired (10 scans per patient) taken from five lung cancer patients: three intra-fractionally repeated CT scans on treatment days 2,16 and 31, in addition to the day 0 planning CT scan...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047675/th-cd-202-08-feasibility-study-of-planning-phase-optimization-using-patient-geometry-driven-information-for-better-dose-sparing-of-organ-at-risks
#8
S Kang, S Kim, D Kim, T Kim, S Park, D Shin, K Kim, M Cho, T Suh
PURPOSE: To propose a simple and effective cost value function to search optimal planning phase (gating window) and demonstrated its feasibility for respiratory correlated radiation therapy. METHODS: We acquired 4DCT of 10 phases for 10 lung patients who have tumor located near OARs such as esophagus, heart, and spinal cord (i.e., central lung cancer patients). A simplified mathematical optimization function was established by using overlap volume histogram (OVH) between the target and organ at risk (OAR) at each phase and the tolerance dose of selected OARs to achieve surrounding OARs dose-sparing...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047252/su-f-t-391-comparative-study-of-treatment-planning-between-imrt-and-imat-for-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#9
J Duan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the dosimetric differences between intensitymodulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and intensity modulated arc therapy (IMAT) for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) patients with regard to the sparing effect on organs at risk (OARs), plan quality, and delivery efficiency. METHODS: Ten MPM patients were recruited in this study. To avoid the inter-operator variability, IMRT and IMAT plans for each patient were performed by one experienced dosimetrist...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047237/tu-h-campus-tep1-01-variable-beam-fractionation-for-sabr
#10
A Modiri, A Sawant
PURPOSE: In current conventionally-fractionated as well as hypofractionated 3D conformal radiotherapy (CRT), the same beam arrangement is employed from fraction to fraction. We challenge this notion and postulate that by varying the beam arrangement between fractions we can achieve greater sparing of organs at risk (OARs) while maintaining PTV coverage. We use an inverse planning strategy using a swarm intelligence-based global optimization algorithm to exploit the additional degree of freedom represented by inter-fractional variation in beam angles...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046949/su-f-t-516-effects-of-inter-fraction-organ-displacement-deformation-on-the-delivered-doses-to-the-heart-esophagus-and-lungs-in-patients-receiving-thoracic-radiotherapy
#11
J Hammers, J Matney, O Kaidar-Person, T Zagar, L Marks, S Das, P Mavroidis
PURPOSE: To quantitatively assess the effects of inter-fraction changes in organ shape and location on the delivered dose distribution to the organs at risk (OAR) in lung cancer patients. METHODS: This study analyzes treatment data of 10 patients, who were treated to 60Gy in 30 fractions. In each fraction a cone beam CT (CBCT) was acquired. Each CBCT was registered with the planning CT using deformable registration tools within MIM Software. The daily setup shifts were used to translate the planned dose distribution on the deformed planning CT...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835923/reactive-oxygen-species-nitric-oxide-mediated-inter-organ-communication-in-skeletal-muscle-wasting-diseases
#12
Lucia M Leitner, Rebecca J Wilson, Zhen Yan, Axel Gödecke
SIGNIFICANCE: Cachexia is defined as a complex metabolic syndrome that is associated with underlying illness and a loss of muscle with or without loss of fat mass. This disease is associated with a high incidence with chronic diseases such as heart failure, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), among others. Since there is currently no effective treatment available, cachectic patients have a poor prognosis. Elucidation of the underlying mechanisms is, therefore, an important medical task...
May 1, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741382/tangential-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-imrt-to-the-intact-breast
#13
Jenna Dean, Carmen J Hansen, Justin Westhuyzen, Brett Waller, Kirsty Turnbull, Maree Wood, Andrew Last
INTRODUCTION: Inverse-planned intensity modulated radiation therapy (IP-IMRT) has potential benefits over other techniques for tangential intact breast radiotherapy. Possible benefits include increased homogeneity, faster planning time, less inter-planner variability and lower doses to organs at risk (OAR). We therefore conducted a pilot study of previously treated intact breast patients to compare the current forward-planned 'field-in-field' technique (FP-IMRT) with an IP-IMRT alternative...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720277/dosimetric-and-radiobiological-comparison-of-tg-43-and-monte-carlo-calculations-in-192-ir-breast-brachytherapy-applications
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
V Peppa, E P Pappas, P Karaiskos, T Major, C Polgár, P Papagiannis
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical significance of introducing model based dose calculation algorithms (MBDCAs) as an alternative to TG-43 in (192)Ir interstitial breast brachytherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 57 patient cohort was used in a retrospective comparison between TG-43 based dosimetry data exported from a treatment planning system and Monte Carlo (MC) dosimetry performed using MCNP v. 6.1 with plan and anatomy information in DICOM-RT format. Comparison was performed for the target, ipsilateral lung, heart, skin, breast and ribs, using dose distributions, dose-volume histograms (DVH) and plan quality indices clinically used for plan evaluation, as well as radiobiological parameters...
October 2016: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599608/impact-of-coronal-and-sagittal-views-on-lung-gross-tumor-volume-delineation
#15
Isabelle Fitton, Joop C Duppen, Roel J H M Steenbakkers, Heidi Lotz, Peter J C M Nowak, Coen R N Rasch, Marcel van Herk
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To study the impact of coronal and sagittal views (CSV) on the gross tumor volume (GTV) delineation on CT and matched PET/CT scans in non-small cell lung cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: GTV delineations were performed by 11 experienced radiation oncologists on CT and PET/CT in 22 patients. Two tumor groups were defined: Group I: Primary tumors surrounded by lung or visceral pleura, without venous invasion, and without large extensions to the chest wall or the mediastinum...
September 2016: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594562/endothelins-and-carcinogenesis
#16
Jacek Olender, Ewa Nowakowska-Zajdel, Katarzyna Walkiewicz, Małgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń
Endothelins are a family of four endogenous peptides (ET-1, ET-2, ET-3, ET-4) secreted primarily in an inactive form by the endothelium. They are activated with the participation of converting enzyme. Numerous studies have described their pleiotropic biological activity. These peptides are involved, inter alia, in the regulation of processes such as cell proliferation, migration, angiogenesis and apoptosis. Their important role in the regulation of blood pressure, tissue perfusion (especially in the central nervous system), and myocardial systolic function is also known...
August 17, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579358/how-well-do-final-year-undergraduate-medical-students-master-practical-clinical-skills
#17
Sylvère Störmann, Melanie Stankiewicz, Patricia Raes, Christina Berchtold, Yvonne Kosanke, Gabrielle Illes, Peter Loose, Matthias W Angstwurm
INTRODUCTION: The clinical examination and other practical clinical skills are fundamental to guide diagnosis and therapy. The teaching of such practical skills has gained significance through legislative changes and adjustments of the curricula of medical schools in Germany. We sought to find out how well final year undergraduate medical students master practical clinical skills. METHODS: We conducted a formative 4-station objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) focused on practical clinical skills during the final year of undergraduate medical education...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558560/interorgan-handling-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-in-humans
#18
Daniela Verzola, Francesca Ansaldo, Samantha Milanesi, Emanuele Luigi Parodi, Gian Marco Rosa, Antonella Sofia, Alice Bonanni, Francesca Viazzi, Manrico Balbi, Giacomo Garibotto
Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) accumulates in blood of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated both with cardiovascular complications and disease progression. However, our knowledge of the sites and mechanisms that regulate plasma FGF-23 is still incomplete. We measured plasma intact FGF-23 across the kidney, splanchnic organs, and lung in 11 patients [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 60 ± 6 ml/min] during elective diagnostic cardiac catheterizations. In these patients FGF-23 was removed by the kidney, with a fractional extraction (FE) of ∼22%...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491065/pre-clinical-investigation-of-plasma-pharmacokinetics-and-biodistribution-of-a-novel-antithrombotic-agent-s002-333-in-mice-using-lc-ms-ms
#19
Manisha Bhateria, Rachumallu Ramakrishna, Santosh Kumar Puttrevu, Sahithi Yerrabelli, Anil K Saxena, Rabi Sankar Bhatta
S002-333 [2-(4-methoxy-benzenesulfonyl)-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-b-carboxylic acid amide] is a novel and potent antithrombotic agent developed by CSIR-CDRI, India. The present study was aimed to develop a sensitive LC-MS/MS method for the quantification of S002-333 in mice plasma and tissues. The extraction of S002-333 from relatively small amount of mouse biomatrices (50μL) was accomplished using protein precipitation followed by liquid-liquid extraction and the separation of analytes was achieved on C18 reversed phase column using acetonitrile and triple distilled water (75:25, v/v) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434081/cardiorespiratory-response-to-different-exercise-tests-in-interstitial-lung-disease
#20
Baptiste Chéhère, Valérie Bougault, Alice Gicquello, Benoit Wallaert
INTRODUCTION: The 6-min stepper test (6MST) has been used as an alternative to the 6-min walk test (6MWT) to assess exercise tolerance in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). Recent data suggest that the tests may involve different energy pathways and cardiorespiratory responses. We thus aimed to compare the cardiorespiratory responses of ILD patients during the 6MWT and the 6MST. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with ILD were randomized to perform both tests in the order 6MST → 6MWT (n = 16) or 6MWT → 6MST (n = 15)...
December 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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