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Transsexual sexually transmitted disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26203116/prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-a-clinic-sample-of-transsexuals-in-italy
#1
Giuseppe Loverro, Edoardo Di Naro, Anna Maria Caringella, Anna Lisa De Robertis, Daniela Loconsole, Maria Chironna
OBJECTIVES: Detectable human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Reports on the prevalence of detectable HPV DNA among transsexuals (not sex workers) are scarce. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of detectable HPV DNA in a clinic sample of transsexuals and to assess the relationship between detectable HPV DNA and cytological outcomes. METHODS: Clinical samples (oral, anal, vaginal, cervicovaginal and penile scraped cells) from 35 transsexuals (surgically treated and surgically untreated) who attended the outpatient Clinic of Gender Identity Dysphoria of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Policlinico Hospital (Bari, Italy) were collected for cytological analysis and HPV DNA detection and typing...
February 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23417908/the-effect-of-comprehensive-sexual-education-program-on-sexual-health-knowledge-and-sexual-attitude-among-college-students-in-southwest-china
#2
Xinli Chi, Skyler T Hawk, Sam Winter, Wim Meeus
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a comprehensive sexual education program for college students in Southwest China (a) improved sexual health knowledge in reproduction, contraception, condom use, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV; (b) increased accepting attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transsexual individuals; and (c) altered participants' attitudes toward premarital sex and monogamy. The program used diverse teaching methods, providing 6 sessions over a period of 9 weeks about sexual health knowledge and sexual attitudes to college students (age 18-26 years) in Southwest China...
March 2015: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23063547/syphilis-in-the-most-at-risk-populations-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Ana Clara Zoni, Mónica Alonso González, Helena Werin Sjögren
OBJECTIVE: To describe syphilis prevalence in men who have sex with men (MSM), the transgender population, and sex workers and their clients, identifying critical geographical areas, trends, and data gaps in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: A systematic review of syphilis prevalence was conducted by searching PubMed, LILACS, EMBASE, conference records, and other sources (2000-2010). RESULTS: Forty-eight articles were included in the review, from which 84 data points were identified relating to MSM and female sex workers and only 10 relating to the transgender population, male sex workers, and clients of sex workers...
February 2013: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22970436/large-scale-sti-services-in-avahan-improve-utilization-and-treatment-seeking-behaviour-amongst-high-risk-groups-in-india-an-analysis-of-clinical-records-from-six-states
#4
Anup Gurung, Prakash Narayanan, Parimi Prabhakar, Anjana Das, Virupax Ranebennur, Saroj Tucker, Laxmi Narayana, Radha R, K Prakash, J Touthang, Collins Z Sono, Teodora Wi, Guy Morineau, Graham Neilsen
BACKGROUND: Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative, implemented a large HIV prevention programme across six high HIV prevalence states amongst high risk groups consisting of female sex workers, high risk men who have sex with men, transgenders and injecting drug users in India. Utilization of the clinical services, health seeking behaviour and trends in syndromic diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections amongst these populations were measured using the individual tracking data. METHODS: The Avahan clinical monitoring system included individual tracking data pertaining to clinical services amongst high risk groups...
2011: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22565790/methodological-quality-of-quantitative-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-nursing-research-from-2000-to-2010
#5
Michael Johnson, Tish Smyer, Carolyn Yucha
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the methodological quality of quantitative lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender nursing research from 2000 to 2010. Using a key word search in Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, 188 studies were identified and 40 met the criteria, which included descriptive, experimental, quasi-experimental, or observational (case control, cohort, and cross-sectional) design. The methodological quality of these studies was similar to that reported for medical and nursing educational research...
April 2012: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22461686/sexual-health-the-role-of-sexual-health-services-among-homeless-young-women-living-in-toronto-canada
#6
Vanessa Oliver, Rebecca Cheff
Recent statistics indicate limited condom use, high STI (sexually transmitted infection) rates, and a general lack of knowledge about reproductive and sexual health among homeless youth. This research focuses on the experiences of homeless female and transgendered youth, providing an insider's perspective on shaping sexual health interventions. This qualitative research is based on life history interviews and participant observation with eight homeless young women who reflect the diversity of the homeless population in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
May 2012: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22096059/sexual-health-of-transgender-sex-workers-attending-an-inner-city-genitourinary-medicine-clinic
#7
S C Hill, J Daniel, A Benzie, J Ayres, G King, A Smith
Previous studies have reported high HIV prevalence among transgender sex workers (TSWs). We performed a retrospective case-note review of known TSWs attending our unit. In all, 16/24 (66.7%) of patients were diagnosed with at least one sexually transmitted infection (STI) and 7/24 (29.2%) reported intentional unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse, which may explain the high prevalence of HIV in our cohort (37.5%). TSWs disclosed high rates of substance misuse, violence and sexual assault, which may also contribute to the increased prevalence of STI in this group...
November 2011: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21937924/sexually-transmitted-infections-and-risk-behaviors-among-transgender-persons-hijras-of-pune-india
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sushant Sahastrabuddhe, Amita Gupta, Elizabeth Stuart, Sheela Godbole, Manisha Ghate, Seema Sahay, Raman Gangakhedkar, Arun Risbud, Anand Divekar, Robert Bollinger, Sanjay M Mehendale
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to determine the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) in Hijras (self-identified transgenders of South Asia), study associated risk factors, and compare the prevalence with that in heterosexual men and men having sex with men (MSM) in Pune, India, between 1993 and 2002. METHODS: After informed consent, individuals attending 3 STI clinics were administered a questionnaire regarding their demographic, socioeconomic, and sexual behaviors...
January 1, 2012: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21901734/social-marketing-interventions-to-increase-hiv-sti-testing-uptake-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-male-to-female-transgender-women
#9
REVIEW
Chongyi Wei, Amy Herrick, H Fisher Raymond, Andrew Anglemyer, Antonio Gerbase, Seth M Noar
BACKGROUND: Social marketing interventions have been shown to both promote and change many health-related behaviours and issues. As the HIV epidemic continues to disproportionately affect MSM and transgender women around the world, social marketing interventions have the potential to increase HIV/STI testing uptake among these populations. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of social marketing interventions on HIV/STI testing uptake among men who have sex with men and transgender women compared to pre-intervention or control group testing uptake in the same population...
2011: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21767925/hiv-infection-and-sti-in-the-trans-population-a-critical-review
#10
REVIEW
A Giami, J Le Bail
BACKGROUND: Based on the scarcity of existing data in France, the objective of this critical review of the literature is to assess the available data on HIV infection and STIs and their major risk factors among the transgender population around the world. METHODS: Papers published from 1986 to 2008 were selected in PubMed and Ovid using the following keywords in the title: "female-to-male", "male-to-female", "transsexualism", "Gender Identity Disorder", and the keywords "transsexualism", and "transgender"...
August 2011: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21742530/first-report-on-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-trans-male-to-female-transvestites-transsexuals-or-transgender-and-male-sex-workers-in-argentina-high-hiv-hpv-hbv-and-syphilis-prevalence
#11
María Sol Dos Ramos Farías, María Noé Garcia, Elena Reynaga, Marcela Romero, María Lucía Gallo Vaulet, Marcelo Rodríguez Fermepín, Mauro Fernández Toscano, Jorge Rey, Rubén Marone, Luis Squiquera, Joaquín V González, Jorge Basiletti, María Alejandra Picconi, María A Pando, María Mercedes Avila
OBJECTIVES: Due to the scarce data on the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among male-to-female trans-sex workers (TSW) and male sex workers (MSW) in Argentina, the present study aimed to estimate the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and Treponema pallidum. Human papillomavirus (HPV) and Chlamydia trachomatis infections were tested among TSW. METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-three TSW and 114 MSW were recruited by nongovernmental organizations...
September 2011: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21294024/trend-analysis-of-medical-publications-about-lgbt-persons-1950-2007
#12
John E Snyder
Although there are currently at least 6 million lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in the United States, there are no prior studies analyzing how this group is represented in the medical literature. An examination of published LGBT topics over a 57-year period was performed using OvidSP. A total of 21,728 publications was analyzed for topic using information from the title, keywords, subject headings, and abstracts. Several trends became apparent. The largest proportion of LGBT publications (31...
2011: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21153048/transmen-in-san-francisco-what-do-we-know-from-hiv-test-site-data
#13
Shipeng Chen, Willi McFarland, Hale M Thompson, H Fisher Raymond
The HIV epidemic has disproportionately affected marginalized populations. Societal marginalization contributes to the lack of appropriate prevention programs focusing on these populations, which in turn may contribute to ongoing HIV transmission. Transmen (female-to-male transgender persons) may also be a marginalized population at risk for HIV infection. Unfortunately, few studies that focus on transmen have been conducted. We considered the available existing data sources that may include members of the transmen population in San Francisco to describe what is known and what remains to be understood with respect to their risk for HIV...
April 2011: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20811771/hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-transgenders-in-indonesia
#14
Ciptasari Prabawanti, Liesbeth Bollen, Rini Palupy, Guy Morineau, Philippe Girault, Dyah Erti Mustikawati, Nurholis Majid, Nurhayati, Erlian Rista Aditya, Atiek Sulistyarni Anartati, Robert Magnani
Behavioral surveillance was undertaken among 1,150 male-to-female transgenders (waria) in Java, Indonesia, 2007; samples were collected for HIV and STI testing (n = 748). Almost all waria had ever sold sex (median duration 10 years). Prevalence of HIV was 24.4%, syphilis 26.8% and rectal gonorrhea and/or chlamydia 47.0%. Syphilis and rectal STIs were associated with HIV infection. Consistent condom use during receptive anal sex with clients was reported by 35.9% waria and was higher among those who visited an STI clinic and who knew their HIV status...
April 2011: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20694509/male-to-female-and-female-to-male-transgender-persons-have-different-sexual-risk-behaviors-yet-similar-rates-of-stds-and-hiv
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sally C Stephens, Kyle T Bernstein, Susan S Philip
The epidemiology of STDs and HIV among male-to-female (MTF) and female-to-male (FTM) transgender persons is limited, which makes prevention for transgender populations challenging. We examined data collected at visits for all self-identified MTF and FTM patients at the municipal STD clinic in San Francisco from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2009. We compared demographic and socio-behavioral characteristics, as well as STD and HIV positivity and history of previous STD. Despite demographic and behavioral risk differences, there were no differences in STD positivity or HIV prevalence between MTF and FTM...
April 2011: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20693745/sex-and-condom-use-in-a-large-jail-unit-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-and-male-to-female-transgenders
#16
Nina T Harawa, Jeffery Sweat, Sheba George, Mary Sylla
Few data are available on factors contributing to sexual activity and condom use in custody settings, particularly among self-identified sexual minority prisoners. To address this gap, we undertook a study of sexual behavior and condom use of 101 randomly-selected men who have sex with men (MSM) and male-to-female transgender inmates in a segregated Los Angeles jail unit that has weekly condom access. Most survey participants (53%) reported anal sex during custody. Although 65% of these reported using condoms, 75% also reported having sex without condoms...
August 2010: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20666586/a-mixed-methods-study-of-the-sexual-health-needs-of-new-england-transmen-who-have-sex-with-nontransgender-men
#17
Sari L Reisner, Brandon Perkovich, Matthew J Mimiaga
The sexual health of transmen--individuals born or assigned female at birth and who identify as male--remains understudied. Given the increasing rates of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among gay and bisexual men in the United States, understanding the sexual practices of transmen who have sex with men (TMSM) may be particularly important to promote sexual health or develop focused HIV prevention interventions. Between May and September 2009, 16 transmen who reported sexual behavior with nontransgender men completed a qualitative interview and a brief interviewer-administered survey...
August 2010: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20167740/the-effects-of-scale-on-the-costs-of-targeted-hiv-prevention-interventions-among-female-and-male-sex-workers-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgenders-in-india
#18
S Chandrashekar, L Guinness, L Kumaranayake, Bhaskar Reddy, Y Govindraj, P Vickerman, M Alary
BACKGROUND: The India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) project is involved in rapid scale-up of HIV-prevention interventions in high-risk populations. This study examines the cost variation of 107 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) implementing targeted interventions, over the start up (defined as period from project inception until services to the key population commenced) and first 2 years of intervention. METHODS: The Avahan interventions for female and male sex workers and their clients, in 62 districts of four southern states were costed for the financial years 2004/2005 and 2005/2006 using standard costing techniques...
February 2010: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20167739/quality-assurance-and-quality-improvement-using-supportive-supervision-in-a-large-scale-sti-intervention-with-sex-workers-men-who-have-sex-with-men-transgenders-and-injecting-drug-users-in-india
#19
Vittal Mogasale, Teodora C Wi, Anjana Das, Sumit Kane, Aman Kumar Singh, Bitra George, Richard Steen
BACKGROUND: Documentation of the long-term impact of supportive supervision using a monitoring tool in STI intervention with sex workers, men who have sex with men and injection-drug users is limited. The authors report methods and results of continued quality monitoring in a large-scale STI services provided as a part of a broader HIV-prevention package in six Indian states under Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative. METHODOLOGY: Guidelines and standards for STI services, and a supportive supervisory tool to monitor the quality were developed for providing technical support to STI component of large-scale HIV-prevention intervention through 372 project-supported STI clinics...
February 2010: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19856743/sexually-transmitted-infections-treatment-and-care-available-to-high-risk-populations-in-pakistan
#20
Minal Rahimtoola, Hamidah Hussain, Saira N Khowaja, Aamir J Khan
Limited literature exists on the quality and availability of treatment and care of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Pakistan. This article aims to document existing services for the care and treatment of STIs available in Pakistan's public and private sectors to high risk groups (HRG), particularly the transgendered population. We conducted a cross-sectional survey to document STI services in Lahore, Karachi, Rawalpindi, Peshawar, and Quetta. Seventy-three interviews were administered with health service providers at the 3 largest public sector hospitals in each city, as well as with general physicians and traditional healers in the private sector...
2008: Journal of LGBT Health Research
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