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Transgender sexually transmitted infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991887/changes-in-kidney-function-associated-with-daily-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-emtricitabine-for-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-use-in-the-united-states-demonstration-project
#1
Eric C Tang, Eric Vittinghoff, Peter L Anderson, Stephanie E Cohen, Susanne Doblecki-Lewis, Oliver Bacon, Megan E Coleman, Wairimu Chege, Susan P Buchbinder, Michael A Kolber, Richard Elion, Michael Shlipak, Albert Y Liu
BACKGROUND: HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) using daily oral tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) is effective for preventing HIV acquisition, but concerns remain about its potential kidney toxicity. This study examined kidney function in individuals using PrEP in real-world clinical settings. SETTING: Demonstration project in two sexually transmitted infection clinics and a community health center. METHODS: We evaluated kidney function among men who have sex with men and transgender women taking TDF/FTC PrEP for up to 48 weeks...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891838/disease-screening-and-prevention-for-transgender-and-gender-diverse-adults
#2
Elizabeth Schmidt, Denise Rizzolo
Primary care clinicians have an important role in the health and wellness of transgender and gender-diverse (TGD) adults and need to know best practices of health maintenance and disease prevention interventions. This article focuses on how exogenous use of sex steroids provided as hormone therapy and gender-affirming procedures affect screening and prevention. Hormone therapy can affect the heart, liver, lipids, bones, brain, skin, and reproductive organs; likewise, behaviors and gender-affirming procedures may alter the risks, prevalence, and screening techniques of sexually transmitted infections...
September 7, 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#3
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747274/efficacy-safety-and-effect-on-sexual-behaviour-of-on-demand-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-an-observational-cohort-study
#4
Jean-Michel Molina, Isabelle Charreau, Bruno Spire, Laurent Cotte, Julie Chas, Catherine Capitant, Cecile Tremblay, Daniela Rojas-Castro, Eric Cua, Armelle Pasquet, Camille Bernaud, Claire Pintado, Constance Delaugerre, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Soizic Le Mestre, Christian Chidiac, Gilles Pialoux, Diane Ponscarme, Julien Fonsart, David Thompson, Mark A Wainberg, Veronique Doré, Laurence Meyer
BACKGROUND: Data for on-demand pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) are scarce. We implemented a cohort study to assess its efficacy, safety, and effect on sexual behaviour. METHODS: We invited men and transgender women who have sex with men, previously enrolled in the randomised placebo-controlled ANRS IPERGAY trial at seven sites (six in France and one in Canada), to participate in an open-label extension with on-demand tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (300 mg) and emtricitabine (200 mg) to be taken before and after sexual intercourse...
September 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718489/-profile-of-transvestites-and-transgender-women-tuberculosis-and-hiv-aids-in-the-city-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#5
Sérgio Ferreira, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco, Péricles Alves Nogueira
Objective: To characterize the profile of transvestites and transgender women participating in a survey regarding tuberculosis and HIV/Aids in the city of São Paulo. Method: This cross-sectional study employed the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) questionnaire adapted for data collection. Sociodemographic aspects as well as aspects related to history of imprisonment, process of gender transition, use of condoms, previous treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis and knowledge regarding HIV/Aids were addressed...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708696/prevalence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-cisgender-and-transgender-women-sex-workers-in-greater-kuala-lumpur-malaysia-results-from-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#6
Jeffrey A Wickersham, Britton A Gibson, Alexander R Bazazi, Veena Pillai, Courtney J Pedersen, Jaimie P Meyer, Nabila El-Bassel, Kenneth H Mayer, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Sex workers face a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) worldwide. For cisgender women sex workers (CWSW), global HIV prevalence is over 10%, whereas transgender women sex workers (TWSW) face an HIV burden of 19% to 27%. METHODS: We used respondent-driven sampling to recruit 492 sex workers, including CWSW (n = 299) and TWSW (n = 193) in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants completed an in-depth survey and were screened for HIV, syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae...
November 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645254/comparing-self-and-provider-collected-swabbing-for-hpv-dna-testing-in-female-to-male-transgender-adult-patients-a-mixed-methods-biobehavioral-study-protocol
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sari L Reisner, Madeline B Deutsch, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Timothy Cavanaugh, Dana J Pardee, Sarah McLean, Elliot J Marrow, Matthew J Mimiaga, Lori Panther, Marcy Gelman, Jamison Green, Jennifer Potter
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer, nearly all cases of which are caused by one of several high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (hr-HPV), leads to significant morbidity and mortality in individuals with a cervix. Trans masculine (TM) individuals were born with female reproductive organs and identify as male, man, transgender man, or another diverse gender identity different from their female assigned sex at birth. Routine preventive sexual health screening of TM patients is recommended, including screening for cervical cancer and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs); however, as many as one in three TM patients are not up-to-date per recommended U...
June 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554909/prevalence-and-types-of-rectal-douches-used-for-anal-intercourse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-brazil
#8
Luiz Carlos Ribeiro Lamblet, Roberto José Carvalho da Silva
INTRODUCTION: Rectal douching (RD) is practised among men who have sex with men (MSM), and various products and materials are used. There have been no studies in Brazil on this practice and its risks in the transmission of sexually transmitted infections and HIV. METHOD: Between June and August 2015, 401 MSM over the age of 18 were interviewed about their sexual practices associated with RD over the last 3 months. RD was associated with the reported sexual behaviour, and descriptive statistical analyses were conducted on the same...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535758/hiv-prevalence-risky-behaviors-and-discrimination-experiences-among-transgender-women-in-cambodia-descriptive-findings-from-a-national-integrated-biological-and-behavioral-survey
#9
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Srean Chhim, Khuondyla Pal, Phalkun Mun, Gitau Mburu
BACKGROUND: Transgender people are disproportionately affected by HIV. Despite their high vulnerability to HIV, lack of adequate epidemiological and surveillance data related to this population in many countries prevents provision of appropriate services. This paper summarizes descriptive findings from a national integrated biological and behavioral survey and discusses policy implications of the findings on HIV prevention among transgender women in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2015 and February 2016...
May 23, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486701/cancer-in-transgender-people-evidence-and-methodological-considerations
#10
Hayley Braun, Rebecca Nash, Vin Tangpricha, Janice Brockman, Kevin Ward, Michael Goodman
Transgender people comprise a diverse group of individuals whose gender identity or expression differs from that originally assigned to them at birth. Some, but not all, transgender people elect to undergo medical gender affirmation, which may include therapy with cross-sex hormones and/or surgical change of the genitalia and other sex characteristics. As cross-sex hormones administered for the purposes of gender affirmation may be delivered at high doses and over a period of decades, the carcinogenicity of hormonal therapy in transgender people is an area of considerable concern...
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442802/study-of-prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-condom-use-among-male-to-female-transgender-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-chennai
#11
Subhash Dasarathan, S Kalaivani
CONTEXT: A "Transgender" person is one who dresses as, desires to be, has undergone surgery to become or identifies with opposite sex. They have a higher risk of sexually transmitted infection (STI) due to a combination of biological and social reasons. They have risky sexual behaviors but low-risk perception. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of STI/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in transgender (TG) and association with condom use. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective study of 82 male-to-female TGs attending our sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic from 2011 to 2014 was undertaken...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426357/a-qualitative-assessment-of-alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-peru
#12
Panagiotis Vagenas, Shan-Estelle Brown, Jesse L Clark, Kelika A Konda, Javier R Lama, Jorge Sánchez, Ann C Duerr, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Peruvian men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) experience the double burden of a highly concentrated HIV epidemic with a high prevalence of alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Recent research has associated both with risky sexual behaviors, including unprotected sex, having multiple sexual partners, engaging in sex work, having recent sexually transmitted infections, and having HIV-infected partners. AUDs have also been associated in MSM/TGW with being unaware of HIV+ status...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424971/high-frequency-of-illegal-drug-use-influences-condom-use-among-female-transgender-sex-workers-in-argentina-impact-on-hiv-and-syphilis-infections
#13
María M Avila, María S Dos Ramos Farías, Lucía Fazzi, Marcela Romero, Elena Reynaga, Rubén Marone, María A Pando
The high prevalence of HIV and syphilis found among female transgender sex workers (FTSWs) in Argentina calls for the study of factors leading to negative health consequences. Given the particular characteristics observed in this population (high marginalization, school dropout, and low adherence to healthcare services), we explored the association of several socio-demographic characteristics with syphilis and HIV infections, and the determinants of condom use. This study revealed that FTSWs from Argentina were exposed to several risk factors decreasing thus their ability to negotiate condom use and leading to increased risk for transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
April 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408364/a-content-analysis-of-health-and-safety-communications-among-internet-based-sex-work-advertisements-important-information-for-public-health
#14
Julie Kille, Vicky Bungay, John Oliffe, Chris Atchison
BACKGROUND: The capacity to advertise via the Internet continues to contribute to the shifting dynamics in adult commercial sex work. eHealth interventions have shown promise to promote Internet-based sex workers' health and safety internationally, yet minimal attention has been paid in Canada to developing such interventions. Understanding the information communicated in Internet-based sex work advertisements is a critical step in knowledge development to inform such interventions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this content analysis was to increase our understanding of the health and safety information within the Internet advertisements among women, men, and transgender sex workers and to describe how this information may be utilized to inform eHealth service development for this population...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399798/the-picasso-cohort-baseline-characteristics-of-a-cohort-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-male-to-female-transgender-women-at-high-risk-for-syphilis-infection-in-lima-peru
#15
Noah Kojima, Hayoung Park, Kelika A Konda, Dvora L Joseph Davey, Claire C Bristow, Brandon Brown, Segundo R Leon, Silver K Vargas, Gino M Calvo, Carlos F Caceres, Jeffrey D Klausner
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and male-to-female transgender women (transwomen) are disproportionately at risk of syphilis infection in Peru. METHODS: From 2013 to 2014, MSM and transwomen seeking human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing and/or treatment were recruited into a 2-year observational cohort study to determine predictors of recently acquired syphilis infection (defined as a rapid plasma reagin [RPR] titer ≥1:16 and a reactive treponemal antibody test) in Lima, Peru...
April 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292458/treating-youths-in-the-juvenile-justice-system
#16
REVIEW
Ann L Sattler
Adolescents involved with the juvenile justice system have higher rates of risky sexual behaviors, resulting in high rates of sexually transmitted infections and increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus, early or complicated pregnancy, and parenting issues. Comorbid substance abuse, gang association, mental health issues, and history of having been abused as children result in further elevated rates. Girls and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youths represent growing subpopulations with special risks...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248528/women-s-health-care-the-experiences-and-behaviors-of-rural-and-urban-lesbians-in-the-usa
#17
K Nikki Barefoot, Jacob C Warren, K Bryant Smalley
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has consistently demonstrated that, in comparison to their cisgender heterosexual counterparts, lesbians face a multitude of women's healthcare-related disparities. However, very little research has been conducted that takes an intersectionality approach to examining the potential influences of rural-urban location on the health-related needs and experiences of lesbians. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively compare rural and urban lesbians' access to women's health care, experiences with women's healthcare providers (WHCPs), and preventive behavior using a large, diverse sample of lesbians from across the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245234/hpv-vaccine-knowledge-and-acceptability-among-peruvian-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-a-pilot-qualitative-study
#18
Jerome T Galea, Emmi Monsour, César R Nureña, Magaly M Blas, Brandon Brown
PURPOSE: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection globally and is responsible for a variety of cancers in men and women. An effective HPV vaccine licensed for use in girls and boys has been indicated for-but is not widely implemented in-men who have sex with men (MSM). Limited data are available for transgender women (TW). We explored the social and behavioral aspects related to HPV vaccine uptake and participation in HPV vaccine studies among Peruvian MSM and TW...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188030/unveiling-of-hiv-dynamics-among-transgender-women-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#19
Beatriz Grinsztejn, Emilia M Jalil, Laylla Monteiro, Luciane Velasque, Ronaldo I Moreira, Ana Cristina F Garcia, Cristiane V Castro, Alícia Krüger, Paula M Luz, Albert Y Liu, Willi McFarland, Susan Buchbinder, Valdilea G Veloso, Erin C Wilson
BACKGROUND: The burden of HIV in transgender women (transwomen) in Brazil remains unknown. We aimed to estimate HIV prevalence among transwomen in Rio de Janeiro and to identify predictors of newly diagnosed HIV infections. METHODS: We recruited transwomen from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by respondent-driven sampling. Eligibility criteria were self-identification as transwomen, being 18 years of age or older, living in Rio de Janeiro or its metropolitan area, and having a valid peer recruitment coupon...
April 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178111/demographics-behaviors-and-sexual-health-characteristics-of-high-risk-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-who-use-social-media-to-meet-sex-partners-in-lima-peru
#20
Jeremy Y Chow, Kelika A Konda, Gino M Calvo, Jeffrey D Klausner, Carlos F Cáceres
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TW) in Peru bear a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In a context of quickly expanding communication technology, increasing numbers of MSM and TW are using social media applications to seek sex partners. Understanding social media users and their sex partnering practices is needed to update HIV and STI prevention programming. METHODS: In Lima, Peru, 312 MSM and 89 TW from 2 STI clinics underwent HIV and STI testing and participated in a survey of demographics, behaviors, sexual health, and social media practices...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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