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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774005/the-bergen-4-day-ocd-treatment-delivered-in-a-group-setting-12-month-follow-up
#1
Bjarne Hansen, Kristen Hagen, Lars-Göran Öst, Stian Solem, Gerd Kvale
The Bergen 4-day concentrated exposure treatment (cET) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has proven highly acceptable; with practically no drop-out and a 6 month remission rate of nearly 70%. The aim of the present study was to evaluate long term gains of the approach, and to compare the results to findings from our recent meta-analysis. Sixty-nine of 95 patients consecutively referred to an outpatient clinic in the specialist health care, were offered the Bergen 4-day treatment. Among the 65 who initiated treatment, 60...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773244/are-anxiety-disorders-publications-continuing-on-a-trajectory-of-growth-a-look-at-boschen-s-2008-predictions-and-beyond
#2
Gordon J G Asmundson, Aleiia J N Asmundson
The relative health of a field of research can be approximated by assessing peer-reviewed journal publication trends for articles pertinent to that field. The most recent comprehensive assessment of publication trends in the anxiety disorders indicated that the field was on a continuing trajectory of growth (Boschen, 2008). We conducted an updated search of Medline for publications on each of the anxiety disorders from 2006 to 2016. Results indicated that there was continuing growth in anxiety disorders research overall and, particularly, for posttraumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive compulsive disorder...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772488/minnesota-impulse-disorders-interview-midi-validation-of-a-structured-diagnostic-clinical-interview-for-impulse-control-disorders-in-an-enriched-community-sample
#3
Samuel R Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Disorders of impulsivity are common, functionally impairing, and highly relevant across different clinical and research settings. Few structured clinical interviews for the identification and diagnosis of impulse control disorders exist, and none have been validated in a community sample in terms of psychometric properties. METHODS: The Minnesota Impulse control disorders Interview (MIDI v2.0) was administered to an enriched sample of 293 non-treatment seeking adults aged 18-35 years, recruited using media advertisements in two large US cities...
May 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770221/risperidone-induced-type-2-diabetes-presenting-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#4
Clarissa Ern Hui Fang, Mohammed Faraz Rafey, Aine Cunningham, Sean F Dinneen, Francis M Finucane
A 28-year-old male presented with 2 days of vomiting and abdominal pain, preceded by 2 weeks of thirst, polyuria and polydipsia. He had recently started risperidone for obsessive-compulsive disorder. He reported a high dietary sugar intake and had a strong family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). On admission, he was tachycardic, tachypnoeic and drowsy with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 10/15. We noted axillary acanthosis nigricans and obesity (BMI 33.2 kg/m2 ). Dipstick urinalysis showed ketonuria and glycosuria...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766478/-time-for-cluster-c-personality-disorders-state-of-the-art
#5
J Hutsebaut, E M C Willemsen, H L Van
BACKGROUND: Compared to cluster B personality disorders, the assessment and treatment of people with obsessive-compulsive, dependent, and avoidant personality disorders (cluster C) is given little attention in the field of research and clinical practice. AIM: Presenting the current state of affairs in regard to cluster C personality disorders. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted using the main data bases. RESULTS: Cluster C personality disorders are present in approximately 3-9% of the general population...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763844/developing-image-sets-for-inducing-obsessive-compulsive-checking-symptoms
#6
Helena Brooks, Stephen A Kichuk, Thomas G Adams, William N Koller, H Nur Eken, Mariela Rance, Shelby Monahan, Suzanne Wasylink, Benjamin Kelmendi, Christopher Pittenger, Patricia Gruner, Michelle Hampson
Visual stimuli are often used for obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptom provocation in research studies. We tested the induction of anxiety and OC checking symptoms across different types of checking provocation stimuli in three populations: individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), individuals with checking symptoms but without a diagnosis of OCD, and control individuals with neither checking symptoms nor a clinical diagnosis. One set of provocative images depicted objects that are commonly associated with checking anxiety...
April 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761016/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-resting-state-functional-brain-network-in-drug-naive-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#7
Ping Li, Xiangyun Yang, Andrew J Greenshaw, Sufang Li, Jia Luo, Haiying Han, Jing Liu, Zhaoxi Zhong, Zhihua Guo, Hongfang Xiong, Shumin Yao, Yunhui Chen, Jing Sun, Zhanjiang Li
Objectives: Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the treatment mechanisms remain poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the effects of CBT on changes in the intrinsic whole-brain functional network of OCD patients. Materials and Methods: Twenty drug-naive and noncomorbid OCD patients were recruited, and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed before and after 12 weeks of CBT...
May 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760673/three-week-inpatient-treatment-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up-study
#8
Torun Grøtte, Bjarne Hansen, Svein Haseth, Patrick A Vogel, Ismail C Guzey, Stian Solem
Background: Specialized inpatient or residential treatment might be an alternative treatment approach for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) that do not respond satisfactorily to the standard outpatient treatment formats. Method: The aim of this open trial was to investigate the 6-month effectiveness of a 3-week inpatient treatment of OCD, where exposure with response prevention (ERP) was the main treatment intervention. The sample consisted of 187 adult patients with OCD, all with previous treatment attempts for OCD...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756966/-may-pregestational-body-mass-index-be-related-to-mother-s-psychological-and-physical-condition-during-pregnancy
#9
Borja Romero-González, Rafael Arcangel Caparrós-González, Helen Strivens Vilchez, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
INTRODUCTION: pregestational Body Mass Index (BMI) affects mother's health during and after pregnancy and is related to negative outcomes such as low birth weight and preterm birth. Higher pregestational BMI may increase anxiety, stress and depression. OBJECTIVES: to assess potential differences on stress, psychopathological symptoms and physiological variables during pregnancy, among pregnant women with normal pregestational BMI rates and high pregestational BMI rates...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755713/a-mobile-multimedia-reminiscence-therapy-application-to-reduce-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-persons-with-alzheimer-s
#10
Danish Imtiaz, Arshia Khan, Adriana Seelye
The goal of this project is to develop a novel and innovative mobile solution to address behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) that occur in individuals with Alzheimer's. BPSD can include agitation, restlessness, aggression, apathy, obsessive-compulsive and repetitive behaviors, hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and wandering. Alzheimer's currently affects 5.4 million adults in the United States and that number is projected to increase to 14 million by 2050. Almost 90% of all affected with AD experience BPSD, resulting in increased healthcare costs, heavier burden on caregivers, poor patient outcomes, early nursing home placement, long-term hospitalizations, and misuse of medications...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754712/to-what-extent-do-clinical-practice-guidelines-respond-to-the-needs-and-preferences-of-patients-diagnosed-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
Amelia Villena-Jimena, Clara Gómez-Ocaña, Gisela Amor-Mercado, Amanda Núñez-Vega, José Miguel Morales-Asencio, María Magdalena Hurtado
INTRODUCTION: The number of Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) to help in making clinical decisions is increasing. However, there is currently a lack of CPG for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder that take into account the requirements and expectations of the patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine whether recommendations of the NICE guideline, "Obsessive-compulsive disorder: core interventions in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder" agrees with the needs and preferences of patients diagnosed with OCD in the mental health service...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753752/the-cingulum-bundle-anatomy-function-and-dysfunction
#12
REVIEW
Emma J Bubb, Claudia Metzler-Baddeley, John P Aggleton
The cingulum bundle is a prominent white matter tract that interconnects frontal, parietal, and medial temporal sites, while also linking subcortical nuclei to the cingulate gyrus. Despite its apparent continuity, the cingulum's composition continually changes as fibres join and leave the bundle. To help understand its complex structure, this review begins with detailed, comparative descriptions of the multiple connections comprising the cingulum bundle. Next, the impact of cingulum bundle damage in rats, monkeys, and humans is analysed...
May 10, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753591/emotion-regulation-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-unaffected-siblings-and-unrelated-healthy-control-participants
#13
Anders L Thorsen, Stella J de Wit, Froukje E de Vries, Danielle C Cath, Dick J Veltman, Ysbrand D van der Werf, David Mataix-Cols, Bjarne Hansen, Gerd Kvale, Odile A van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: Functional neuroimaging endophenotypes of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been suggested during executive tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether behavioral and neural responses during emotion processing and regulation also represent an endophenotype of OCD. METHODS: Forty-three unmedicated adult OCD patients, 19 of their unaffected siblings, and 38 healthy control participants underwent 3T functional magnetic resonance imaging during an emotion regulation task including neutral, fear-inducing, and OCD-related visual stimuli...
March 24, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751598/informed-consent-decision-making-in-deep-brain-stimulation
#14
REVIEW
Gabriele Mandarelli, Germana Moretti, Massimo Pasquini, Giuseppe Nicolò, Stefano Ferracuti
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has proved useful for several movement disorders (Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, dystonia), in which first and/or second line pharmacological treatments were inefficacious. Initial evidence of DBS efficacy exists for refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder, treatment-resistant major depressive disorder, and impulse control disorders. Ethical concerns have been raised about the use of an invasive surgical approach involving the central nervous system in patients with possible impairment in cognitive functioning and decision-making capacity...
May 11, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751238/prevalence-of-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-among-youth-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Christophe Maïano, Sylvain Coutu, Danielle Tracey, Stéphane Bouchard, Geneviève Lepage, Alexandre J S Morin, Grégory Moullec
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analytic study was to determine the pooled prevalence estimates of anxiety and depressive disorders among children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID) and to assess the extent to which these pooled prevalence rates differed according to studies' characteristics. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed in nine databases and 21 studies, published between 1975 and 2015, met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: The resulting pooled prevalence estimates of combined subtypes of anxiety and depressive disorders were respectively (a) 5...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751168/subjective-cognitive-function-in-hoarding-disorder
#16
David F Tolin, Lauren S Hallion, Bethany M Wootton, Hannah C Levy, Amber L Billingsley, Akanksha Das, Benjamin W Katz, Michael C Stevens
The aim of the present study was to examine subjective cognitive impairment among adult patients with hoarding disorder (HD). Eighty-three patients with HD and 46 age- and gender-matched healthy control (HC) participants received a diagnostic interview and completed measures of subjective cognitive functioning and motivations for saving behavior, as well as measures of hoarding severity, depression, anxiety, stress, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms. The HD group reported more impairment than did the HC group in domains of memory, distractibility, blunders, memory for names, and inattention...
May 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750139/the-brown-incompleteness-scale-bincs-measure-development-and-initial-evaluation
#17
Christina L Boisseau, Nicholas J Sibrava, Sarah L Garnaat, Maria C Mancebo, Jane L Eisen, Steven A Rasmussen
Background: In recent years, incompleteness has received increased clinical attention as a core motivation underlying obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. Yet, assessment of incompleteness has relied almost exclusively on self-report and has assumed a unitary conceptualization of this phenomenon. Therefore, we sought to develop and validate a new multi-faceted clinician-administered measure of incompleteness. The Brown Incompleteness Scale (BINCS) consists of 21 items; each rated on a 5-point scale, with higher scores indicating a greater degree of incompleteness...
January 2018: Journal of Obsessive-compulsive and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749747/physical-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-with-personality-disorders
#18
Katherine J Holzer, Jin Huang
OBJECTIVES: Personality Disorders (PDs) are associated with a multitude of negative consequences. The negative PD effects on health can be even more burdensome for older adults given the physical and social functioning changes that occur with age; however, the majority of research examining the influence of PDs focuses on younger adults. The present study seeks to investigate the relationship between PDs and physical health-related quality of life (PHRQoL) in adults over the age of 50...
May 11, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743581/evolution-of-gamma-knife-capsulotomy-for-intractable-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#19
REVIEW
Euripedes C Miguel, Antonio C Lopes, Nicole C R McLaughlin, Georg Norén, André F Gentil, Clement Hamani, Roseli G Shavitt, Marcelo C Batistuzzo, Edoardo F Q Vattimo, Miguel Canteras, Antonio De Salles, Alessandra Gorgulho, João Victor Salvajoli, Erich Talamoni Fonoff, Ian Paddick, Marcelo Q Hoexter, Christer Lindquist, Suzanne N Haber, Benjamin D Greenberg, Sameer A Sheth
For more than half a century, stereotactic neurosurgical procedures have been available to treat patients with severe, debilitating symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) that have proven refractory to extensive, appropriate pharmacological, and psychological treatment. Although reliable predictors of outcome remain elusive, the establishment of narrower selection criteria for neurosurgical candidacy, together with a better understanding of the functional neuroanatomy implicated in OCD, has resulted in improved clinical efficacy for an array of ablative and non-ablative intervention techniques targeting the cingulum, internal capsule, and other limbic regions...
May 9, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740952/help-seeking-beliefs-for-mental-disorders-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#20
Louisa Picco, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Rathi Mahendran, Swapna Verma, Huiting Xie, Jia Wang, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
AIM: The current study aimed to investigate beliefs about help-seeking, treatment options and expected outcomes for people with alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia, using a vignette-based approach, among a sample of nursing and medical students. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional online study among medical and nursing students (n = 1002) who were randomly assigned 1 of 5 vignettes. Questions were asked about whom could best help the person in the vignette, the likely helpfulness of a broad range of interventions, and the likely outcome for the person in the vignette with and without appropriate help...
May 9, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
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