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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785874/-because-the-baby-asks-for-it-a-mixed-methods-study-on-local-perceptions-toward-nutrition-during-pregnancy-among-marginalised-migrant-women-along-the-myanmar-thailand-border
#1
Ahmar H Hashmi, Moo Kho Paw, Suphak Nosten, Mu Chae Darakamon, Mary Ellen Gilder, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Verena I Carrara, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Emma Plugge, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: A mixed-methods study was performed to explore local perceptions and practices of diet and physical activity in pregnancy in a marginalised population along the Myanmar-Thailand border...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779076/adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-comparison-of-risk-factors-and-prevalence-in-native-and-migrant-mothers-of-portuguese-generation-xxi-birth-cohort
#2
Musa Abubakar Kana, Sofia Correia, Henrique Barros
Epidemiological studies report conflicting findings regarding association between maternal immigration status and pregnancy outcomes. In this study we compared risk factors and prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in native Portuguese and migrants. Cross-sectional analysis was conducted using information collected at delivery from the participants of Generation XXI birth cohort. Logistic regression models were fitted to assess the association between migrant status and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Prevalence of risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes varied between native Portuguese and migrants: teenage mothers (5...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730606/increased-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-international-migrants-is-independent-of-residence-duration-or-cultural-orientation-the-helius-study
#3
Wilco Perini, Marieke B Snijder, Ron J G Peters, Karien Stronks, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: International migrants differ from host populations in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. It has been postulated that these disparities narrow with longer residence duration. Our aim was to determine whether CVD risk still differs between migrants and host population after decades of residence and to determine whether this potential convergence of CVD risk would occur mainly among migrants with a strong cultural orientation towards the host culture. METHODS: In the Healthy Life in an Urban Setting study, we obtained data regarding residence duration, cultural orientation as estimated by the Psychological Acculturation Scale and CVD risk as estimated by SCORE among the Dutch host population and first generation migrants from South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Moroccan and Turkish ethnic background residing in Amsterdam...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704193/health-selection-migration-and-hiv-infection-in-malawi
#4
Philip Anglewicz, Mark VanLandingham, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, Hans-Peter Kohler
Despite its importance in studies of migrant health, selectivity of migrants-also known as migration health selection-has seldom been examined in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This neglect is problematic because several features of the context in which migration occurs in SSA-very high levels of HIV, in particular-differ from contextual features in regions that have been studied more thoroughly. To address this important gap, we use longitudinal panel data from Malawi to examine whether migrants differ from nonmigrants in pre-migration health, assessed via SF-12 measures of mental and physical health...
April 27, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681241/differences-in-the-health-transition-patterns-of-migrants-and-non-migrants-aged-50-and-older-in-southern-and-western-europe-2004-2015
#5
Matias Reus-Pons, Clara H Mulder, Eva U B Kibele, Fanny Janssen
BACKGROUND: Most previous research on migrant health in Europe has taken a cross-sectional perspective, without a specific focus on the older population. Having knowledge about inequalities in health transitions over the life course between migrants and non-migrants, including at older ages, is crucial for the tailoring of policies to the demands of an ageing and culturally diverse society. We analyse differences in health transitions between migrants and non-migrants, specifically focusing on the older population in Europe...
April 23, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615740/addressing-the-impact-of-urban-exposure-on-the-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-peru-migrant-study
#6
Andrea Ruiz-Alejos, Rodrigo M Carrillo-Larco, J Jaime Miranda, Cheryl A M Anderson, Robert H Gilman, Liam Smeeth, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of T2DM in three population groups: rural, rural-to-urban migrants and urban dwellers. Data from the PERU MIGRANT Study was analysed. The baseline assessment was conducted in 2007-2008 using a single-stage random sample and further follow-up was undertaken in 2015-16. T2DM was defined based on fasting glucose and self-reported diagnosis. Poisson regression models and robust variance to account for cluster effects were used for reporting risk ratios (RR) and 95%CI...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523360/public-health-england-s-migrant-health-guide-an-online-resource-for-primary-care-practitioners
#7
A F Crawshaw, H Kirkbride
Approximately 13% of the UK population in 2015 was born overseas. Most migrants have come to the UK to work or study although there has been a small increase in the number of asylum applications in the UK in recent years, reflective of the ongoing humanitarian situation across Europe. Migrants in the UK tend to be young and healthy, but some may face unique health needs as a result of their experiences before, during and after migration. For these needs to be appropriately recognised and addressed, evidence-based advice is needed for UK professionals...
May 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430082/might-climate-change-the-healthy-migrant-effect
#8
Lori M Hunter, Daniel H Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Global Environmental Change: Human and Policy Dimensions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426955/uncoupling-the-widespread-occurrence-of-anti-nmdar1-autoantibodies-from-neuropsychiatric-disease-in-a-novel-autoimmune-model
#9
Hong Pan, Bárbara Oliveira, Gesine Saher, Ekrem Dere, Daniel Tapken, Marina Mitjans, Jan Seidel, Janina Wesolowski, Debia Wakhloo, Christina Klein-Schmidt, Anja Ronnenberg, Kerstin Schwabe, Ralf Trippe, Kerstin Mätz-Rensing, Stefan Berghoff, Yazeed Al-Krinawe, Henrik Martens, Martin Begemann, Winfried Stöcker, Franz-Josef Kaup, Reinhard Mischke, Susann Boretius, Klaus-Armin Nave, Joachim K Krauss, Michael Hollmann, Fred Lühder, Hannelore Ehrenreich
Autoantibodies of the IgG class against N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptor subunit-NR1 (NMDAR1-AB) were considered pathognomonic for anti-NMDAR encephalitis. This view has been challenged by the age-dependent seroprevalence (up to >20%) of functional NMDAR1-AB of all immunoglobulin classes found in >5000 individuals, healthy or affected by different diseases. These findings question a merely encephalitogenic role of NMDAR1-AB. Here, we show that NMDAR1-AB belong to the normal autoimmune repertoire of dogs, cats, rats, mice, baboons, and rhesus macaques, and are functional in the NMDAR1 internalization assay based on human IPSC-derived cortical neurons...
February 9, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409770/international-migration-and-dietary-change-in-mexican-women-from-a-social-practice-framework
#10
Ietza Bojorquez, Cecilia Rosales, Alexandra Angulo, Jill de Zapien, Catalina Denman, Hala Madanat
Migration from lower- and middle-income to high-income countries is associated with dietary change, and especially with the adoption of a modern, less healthy diet. In this article we analyze the dietary changes experienced by Mexican migrants, employing as a theoretical framework the concept of social practice. According to this framework, practices integrate material elements, meanings and competences that provide their conditions of possibility. Practices are shared by members of social groups, and interact with other competing or reinforcing practices...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385621/outgroup-emotion-processing-in-the-vacc-is-modulated-by-childhood-trauma-and-cacna1c-risk-variant
#11
Johannes T Krautheim, Benjamin Straube, Udo Dannlowski, Martin Pyka, Henriette Schneider-Hassloff, Rebecca Drexler, Axel Krug, Jens Sommer, Marcella Rietschel, Stephanie H Witt, Tilo Kircher
A high frequency of outgroup contact-as experienced by urban dwellers and migrants-possibly increases schizophrenia risk. This risk might be further amplified by genetic and environmental risk factors, such as the A-allele of rs1006737 within the calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1 C gene and childhood interpersonal trauma (CIT). Both have been related to ventral anterior cingulate cortex (vACC) functioning. We investigated vACC functioning, during ingroup and outgroup emotion perception in relation to rs1006737 and CIT...
March 1, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382174/exploring-the-impacts-of-housing-condition-on-migrants-mental-health-in-nanxiang-shanghai-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#12
Yang Xiao, Siyu Miao, Chinmoy Sarkar, Huizhi Geng, Yi Lu
Although rapid urbanization and associated rural-to-urban migration has brought in enormous economic benefits in Chinese cities, one of the negative externalities include adverse effects upon the migrant workers' mental health. The links between housing conditions and mental health are well-established in healthy city and community planning scholarship. Nonetheless, there has thusfar been no Chinese study deciphering the links between housing conditions and mental health accounting for macro-level community environments, and no study has previously examined the nature of the relationships in locals and migrants...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355817/the-healthy-worker-effect-do-healthy-people-climb-the-occupational-ladder
#13
Joan Costa-Font, Martin Ljunge
The association between occupational status and health has been taken to reveal the presence of occupational health inequalities. However, that interpretation assumes no influence of health status in climbing the occupational ladder. This paper documents evidence of non-negligible returns to occupation status on health (which we refer as 'healthy worker effect'). We use a unique empirical strategy that addresses the problem of reverse causality. That is, an instrumental variable strategy using the variation in average health in the migrant's country of origin, a health measure plausibly not determined by the migrant's occupational status...
February 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302162/securing-a-right-to-health-integration-villages-and-medical-citizenship-of-roma-people-in-france
#14
Daniel Manson
A national deportation campaign targeting Romanian Roma in France has recently drawn international criticism from human rights organizations and the European Union. In this context, some French municipalities have created villages d'insertion -integration villages-for some of their Roma residents. Proponents of these spaces have declared that they are humanitarian solutions to the existence of Roma slums in the urban peripheries of many French cities. Yet the creation of a "healthy space" for Roma migrants in the city has also legitimated the further eviction and exclusion of people from "unhealthy slums...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246120/depressive-symptoms-and-negative-life-events-what-psycho-social-factors-protect-or-harm-left-behind-children-in-china
#15
Yu Guang, Zhengzhi Feng, Guoyu Yang, Yaling Yang, Lifei Wang, Qin Dai, Chaobing Hu, Keyu Liu, Rui Zhang, Fan Xia, Mengxue Zhao
BACKGROUND: In China, children under 18 years old who are left at rural residences for at least 6 months by either one or both of their parents migrating to work in cities are called "left-behind children (LBC)". Due to restricted family support, they are at a greater risk of developing depressive symptoms than non-left-behind children (NLBC). The objective of this study is to explore how depressive symptoms and stress induced by negative life events such as interpersonal conflicts, punishment and loss, as well as their relationships vary for LBC with different left-behind-related characteristics...
December 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199859/nutrient-intake-and-factors-influencing-eating-behaviors-in-older-migrant-women-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#16
Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood, Janice L Thompson
This study examines nutrient intake and factors influencing eating behaviors in a sample of 76 migrant older women (≥ 60 years) living in the UK. Nutrient intake was assessed using a 24-hr recall enhanced by an in-depth probing dietary interview. Median energy intake was significantly lower than the UK RNIs (5,125.4 v. 7,301.1 kJ/d, p < .001). Main nutrients of concern were retinol, vitamin D, magnesium, potassium, copper, selenium, and monounsaturated fatty acids. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a subsample (n = 46) and analyzed using thematic analysis...
January 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198899/sentinel-surveillance-data-from-eritrean-migrants-in-italy-the-theory-of-healthy-migrants
#17
Massimo Ciccozzi, Eleonora Cella, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Serena Vita, Giordano Dicuonzo, Maurizio Lopalco, Francesca Antonelli, Alessia Conti, Rossella Ottaviani, Marina De Cesaris, Silvia Spoto, Silvia Angeletti
BACKGROUND: Eritrean migrants accounted for the majority of people who drowned in the Mediterranean this year. Recently, data deficit about international migration has been reported. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-three Eritrean migrants, upon their arrival in Italy, were accommodated at the asylum seekers center of Castelnuovo di Porto, together with 25 sanitary workers, and received microbiological surveillance at the Clinical Pathology and Microbiology Unit of the University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome...
December 2, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172700/a-systematic-review-of-acculturation-obesity-and-health-behaviours-among-migrants-to-high-income-countries
#18
L Alidu, E A Grunfeld
Objective There is extensive evidence for weight gain among people migrating from low/middle-income to high-income countries, which may be due, in part, to acculturation factors. This review aimed to identify associations between acculturation and body weight among immigrants to high-income countries and identify if studies accounted for the role played by health behaviours. Methods A systematic literature search using keywords was performed with three databases (Medline, PsychINFO and EMBASE). The 35 studies were included that utilised quantitative methodology and presented empirical findings focused on acculturation and body weight among adult immigrants...
November 24, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167698/transitions-into-puberty-and-access-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-information-in-two-humanitarian-settings-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-very-young-adolescents-from-somalia-and-myanmar
#19
Anna E Kågesten, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Catherine Lee, Tenaw Bawoke, Shahd Osman, Jennifer Schlecht
Background: Very young adolescents (VYA) in humanitarian settings are largely neglected in terms of sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study describes the characteristics of VYA aged 10-14 years in two humanitarian settings, focusing on transitions into puberty and access to SRH information. Methods: Data were collected through a cross-sectional survey with Somali VYA residing in the Kobe refugee camp in Ethiopia ( N  = 406) and VYA from Myanmar residing in the Mae Sot and Phop Phra migrant communities in Thailand ( N  = 399)...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165223/health-status-of-asylum-seekers-spain
#20
Núria Serre-Delcor, Carlos Ascaso, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Francisco Collazos Sanchez, Begoña Treviño Maruri, Elena Sulleiro, Diana Pou Ciruelo, Cristina Bocanegra Garcia, Israel Molina Romero
The rising rate of conflicts and the unsafe situation caused by reasons of ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, political opinion, or nationality entail an increase in the number of migratory movements. The goal of this article is to describe the health status of asylum seekers visited in an international health center. We conducted a retrospective study of the asylum seekers visited between July 2013 and June 2016. A total of 303 cases were included. The median age was 28.0 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 21-35), and 203 (67...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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