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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103211/notes-from-the-field-hantavirus-pulmonary-syndrome-in-a-migrant-farm-worker-colorado-2016
#1
Grace Marx, Kaylan Stinson, Monte Deatrich, Bernadette Albanese
HASH(0x4721e38)
20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039136/laboratory-surveillance-of-polio-and-other-enteroviruses-in-high-risk-populations-and-environmental-samples
#2
Vasiliki Pogka, Stavroula Labropoulou, Mary Emmanouil, Androniki Voulgari-Kokota, Alexandra Vernardaki, Theano Georgakopoulou, Andreas F Mentis
: In the context of poliomyelitis eradication, a reinforced supplementary laboratory surveillance of enteroviruses was implemented in Greece. From 2008 to 2014, the Hellenic Polioviruses/Enteroviruses Reference Laboratory performed detailed supplementary surveillance of circulating enteroviruses among healthy individuals in high-risk population groups, among immigrants from poliovirus endemic countries as well as in environmental samples. In total, 722 stool samples and 179 sewage water samples were included in the study...
December 30, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998494/pattern-of-socio-economic-and-health-aspects-among-tb-patients-and-controls
#3
A K Kapoor, Vijit Deepani, Meenal Dhall, Satwanti Kapoor
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic and health-related factors have a significant impact on tuberculosis (TB) incidence among population residing in resource-scare settings. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern of socio-economic and health-related factors among TB patients and control in Delhi, India. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was performed among 893 TB patients (or cases) and 333 healthy disease-free controls. The data for the present study was obtained from several district TB centres in north, west and south Delhi...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968877/health-status-and-migration-a-propensity-score-matching-with-difference-in-difference-regression-approach
#4
Liming Lu, Xiao Gong, Jingchun Zeng
BACKGROUND: By 2014, about 253 million Chinese migrants had left their rural hometowns and were working in cities. The effect of migration on health is unclear, since it is affected by changes in environments and behaviours over the course of migration. Furthermore, previous studies have not thoroughly considered the "healthy migrant hypothesis" (that is, healthy people are more conducive to migrate). This paper strives to explore the potential mechanisms of migration and health over two successive years to provide a useful reference point for health policy targeted at migrants...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879342/tenacious-assumptions-of-person-centred-care-exploring-tensions-and-variations-in-practice
#5
Öncel Naldemirci, Doris Lydahl, Nicky Britten, Mark Elam, Lucy Moore, Axel Wolf
In recent decades, the 'tenacious assumptions' of biomedicine regarding the neutrality and universality of its knowledge claims have been significantly challenged by the growth of new collaborative and patient-focused models of Healthcare delivery. In this article, we discuss and critically reflect upon one such alternative Healthcare model developed at the University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care in Sweden. This centre uses three clinical routines of narrative, partnership and documentation to provide Healthcare to people recognized as unique individuals rather than patients...
November 22, 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848222/moving-beyond-salmon-bias-mexican-return-migration-and-health-selection
#6
Christina J Diaz, Stephanie M Koning, Ana P Martinez-Donate
Despite having lower levels of education and limited access to health care services, Mexican immigrants report better health outcomes than U.S.-born individuals. Research suggests that the Mexican health advantage may be partially attributable to selective return migration among less healthy migrants-often referred to as "salmon bias." Our study takes advantage of a rare opportunity to observe the health status of Mexican-origin males as they cross the Mexican border. To assess whether unhealthy migrants are disproportionately represented among those who return, we use data from two California-based studies: the California Health Interview Survey; and the Migrante Study, a survey that samples Mexican migrants entering and leaving the United States through Tijuana...
December 2016: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809589/are-immigrants-healthier-than-native-born-canadians-a-systematic-review-of-the-healthy-immigrant-effect-in-canada
#7
Zoua M Vang, Jennifer Sigouin, Astrid Flenon, Alain Gagnon
OBJECTIVES: Immigrants are typically healthier than the native-born population in the receiving country and also tend to be healthier than non-migrants in the countries of origin. This foreign-born health advantage has been referred to as the healthy immigrant effect (HIE). We examined evidence for the HIE in Canada. DESIGN: We employed a systematic search of the literature on immigration and health and identified 78 eligible studies. We used a narrative method to synthesize the HIE across different stages of the life-course and different health outcomes within each stage...
November 3, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806533/epidemiologic-correlates-of-chronic-respiratory-infections-in-adults-an-urban-slum-of-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#8
Sonali Kar, Ipsa Mohapatra, Amrita Konar
INTRODUCTION: Urbanization is marked by emergence of slum areas, wherein migrants from the nearby villages stay in temporary establishments for seeking avenues of employment. These dwellings lack most of the essential living conditions like safe water, healthy living conditions and access to health services. This population is also vulnerable to social evils like alcohol and tobacco addiction. KIMS, a medical college in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India has an Urban Health Training Centre (UHTC) that caters to a slum population of nearly 12,000 population for their primary health needs...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771634/cross-sectional-serologic-assessment-of-immunity-to-poliovirus-in-differential-risk-areas-of-india-india-seroprevalence-survey-2014
#9
Mohammad Ahmad, Sunil Bahl, Abhishek Kunwar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the seroprevalence against all three poliovirus serotypes in traditional high risk areas in Bihar, lowest routine immunization coverage areas in Madhya Pradesh and migrant population living in Mumbai urban slums. DESIGN: Cross-sectional Survey. SETTING: Subjects selected by house to house visit (community based) and transported to government health facilities for further study procedures. PARTICIPANTS: 1137 randomly selected healthy infants 6-11 months of age residing in the selected high-risk areas...
August 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726640/harnessing-knowledge-on-very-important-pharmacogenes-cyp2c9-and-cyp2c19-variation-for-precision-medicine-in-resource-limited-global-conflict-zones
#10
İbrahim Ömer Barlas, Orhan Sezgin, Collet Dandara, Gözde Türköz, Emre Yengel, Zinhle Cindi, Handan Ankaralı, Semra Şardaş
Pharmacogenomics harnesses the utility of a patient's genome (n = 1) in decisions on which therapeutic drugs and in what amounts should be administered. Often, patients with shared ancestry present with comparable genetic profiles that predict drug response. However, populations are not static, thus, often, population mobility through migration, especially enmasse as is seen for refugees, changes the pharmacogenetic profiles of resultant populations and therefore observed responses to commonly used therapeutic drugs...
October 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720601/low-nutrient-intake-and-frailty-among-overweight-and-obese-migrant-women-from-ethnically-diverse-backgrounds-ages-60%C3%A2-years-and-older-a%C3%A2-mixed-methods-study
#11
Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood, Janice L Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between energy/nutrient intakes and frailty in older migrant women, and to explore perceptions of body weight, dietary intake, and physical function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, mixed-methods study. SETTING: Birmingham, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-six first-generation migrant women ≥ 60 years of age. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Energy/nutrient intakes (assessed by 24-hour dietary recall), frailty (using the frailty phenotype), and links between perceptions of body weight, dietary intake, and physical function (via semi-structured interviews)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666744/associations-between-social-vulnerabilities-and-dietary-patterns-in-european-children-the-identification-and-prevention-of-dietary-and-lifestyle-induced-health-effects-in-children-and-infants-idefics-study
#12
Isabel Iguacel, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, Bart De Clercq, Gabriele Eiben, Wencke Gwozdz, Dénes Molnar, Valeria Pala, Stalo Papoutsou, Paola Russo, Toomas Veidebaum, Maike Wolters, Claudia Börnhorst, Luis A Moreno
Socio-economic inequalities in childhood can determine dietary patterns, and therefore future health. This study aimed to explore associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns assessed at two time points, and to investigate the association between accumulation of vulnerabilities and dietary patterns. A total of 9301 children aged 2-9 years participated at baseline and 2-year follow-up examinations of the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS study...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652149/self-perceived-health-and-quality-of-life-among-azorean-deportees-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#13
Maryellen D Brisbois, Helena Oliveira Silva, Helder Rocha Pereira, Kristen A Sethares
BACKGROUND: Immigration policies can cause significant public health consequences, posing detrimental social and health effects for migrants, their families and communities. Migrants often face obstacles to health due to access, discrimination, language and cultural barriers, legal status, economic difficulties, social isolation, and fear of deportation. The process of deportation has become more rapid and frequent in the U.S. with inadequate health information in the literature regarding this relocated population post-deportation...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598375/sexual-violence-as-a-limiting-factor-on-the-perception-and-management-of-the-risk-of-hiv-in-women-married-to-migrants
#14
Yesica Yolanda Rangel Flores
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the influence of sexual violence on the perception and management of the risk of HIV in women married to migrants. METHODS: study with an ethnographic approach carried out in urban and rural communities. Data were obtained by methodological triangulation, with participant and non-participant observation, as well as interviews. The informants were 21 women married to international migrants. The interviews were transcribed and discourse analysis was applied to them...
September 1, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586360/dietary-transition-in-the-south-asian-diaspora-implications-for-diabetes-prevention-strategies
#15
Sherly Parackal
BACKGROUND: South Asians (SA) have a four to five fold higher risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in comparison to other Asian migrant groups. Dietary patterns have been attributed as an important independent modifiable risk factor. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to document the dietary patterns of SA migrants in Western countries and to summarize the evidence for the association of dietary patterns with T2DM and its pre-disposing factors. METHODS: Using key search words articles from 1990 onwards were sourced from MEDLINE ProQuest and PubMed (not MEDLINE) databases for this narrative review...
August 31, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585424/the-generational-gap-mental-disorder-prevalence-and-disability-amongst-first-and-second-generation-immigrants-in-australia
#16
Belinda J Liddell, Angela Nickerson, Lauren Sartor, Lorraine Ivancic, Richard A Bryant
Despite unprecedented numbers of migrants internationally, little is known about the mental health needs of immigrant groups residing in common countries of resettlement. The majority of studies support the 'healthy migrant hypothesis', but few studies have examined: 1) shifts in prevalence patterns across generations; 2) how prevalence relates to disability in immigrant groups. Our study examined the prevalence of common mental disorders and disability in first and second generation migrants to Australia. Twelve-month and lifetime prevalence rates of affective, anxiety, and substance use disorders were obtained from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (N = 8841)...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544682/prevalence-of-selected-intermediate-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-an-apparently-healthy-indian-community-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#17
Ashika Naicker, Christine S Venter, Una E MacIntyre, Suria Ellis
South Africa, burdened with the emerging chronic diseases, is home to one of the largest migrant Indian population, however, little data exists on the risk factors for non-communicable diseases in this population. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of yet undiagnosed selected intermediate risk factors for non-communicable diseases among the Indian population in KwaZulu-Natal. We randomly selected 250 apparently healthy Indians, aged 35-55 years, living in KwaDukuza to participate in this study...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471131/healthy-or-unhealthy-migrants-identifying-internal-migration-effects-on-mortality-in-africa-using-health-and-demographic-surveillance-systems-of-the-indepth-network
#18
Carren Ginsburg, Philippe Bocquier, Donatien Béguy, Sulaimon Afolabi, Orvalho Augusto, Karim Derra, Kobus Herbst, Bruno Lankoande, Frank Odhiambo, Mark Otiende, Abdramane Soura, Marylene Wamukoya, Pascal Zabré, Michael J White, Mark A Collinson
Migration has been hypothesised to be selective on health but this healthy migrant hypothesis has generally been tested at destinations, and for only one type of flow, from deprived to better-off areas. The circulatory nature of migration is rarely accounted for. This study examines the relationship between different types of internal migration and adult mortality in Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) populations in West, East, and Southern Africa, and asks how the processes of selection, adaptation and propagation explain the migration-mortality relationship experienced in these contexts...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461027/nutritional-health-attitudes-and-behaviors-and-their-associations-with-the-risk-of-overweight-obesity-among-child-care-providers-in-michigan-migrant-and-seasonal-head-start-centers
#19
Won O Song, SuJin Song, Violeta Nieves, Andie Gonzalez, Elahé T Crockett
BACKGROUND: Children enrolled in Migrant and Seasonal Head Start (MSHS) programs are at high risks of health problems. Although non-family child care providers play important roles on children's health status as role models, educators, program deliverers, and information mediators, little is known about their nutritional health attitudes and behaviors, and weight status. Therefore, we investigated nutritional health attitudes and behaviors and their associations with overweight/obesity among child care providers in Michigan MSHS centers...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450070/effects-of-development-on-indigenous-dietary-pattern-a-nigerian-case-study
#20
Bookie Ezeomah, Karim Farag
The traditional foods of indigenous people in Nigeria are known for their cultural symbolism and agricultural biodiversity which contributes to their daily healthy and rich diet. In the early 90s, rapid development of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was noted and the resettlement of indigenes to other parts of the region was reported. These changes have facilitated the modification of indigenous diets, as indigenous groups rapidly embraced modern foods and also adopted the food culture of migrant ethnic groups...
December 1, 2016: Appetite
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