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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707009/differences-in-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-for-movers-and-stayers-in-new-zealand-a-survival-analysis
#1
Frances Darlington-Pollock, Nichola Shackleton, Paul Norman, Arier C Lee, Daniel Exeter
OBJECTIVES: To explore if risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) for participants who moved before their first CVD event is higher than for stayers, and examine whether the relationship is moderated by ethnicity. METHODS: The sample comprised 2,068,360 New Zealand residents enrolled in any Primary Health Organisation, aged between 30 and 84 years, had complete demographic information, and no prior history of CVD. Cox proportional regression was used to compare CVD risk between movers and stayers...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702815/exploring-factors-influencing-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-communities-in-victoria-australia-a-qualitative-study
#2
Andre M N Renzaho, Julie Green, Ben J Smith, Michael Polonsky
Despite the availability of numerous obesity prevention initiatives in developed countries including Australia, rising childhood obesity levels have been found among migrant communities which contribute to widening obesity-related disparities in these countries. We sought to understand the factors influencing the participation of migrant communities in childhood obesity prevention initiatives. We conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews among 48 migrant parents from African, Middle Eastern, Indian and Vietnamese origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia to explore their views on childhood obesity and its prevention...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632794/migrants-healthy-worker-effect-and-mortality-trends-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#3
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Ravinder Mamtani
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Saudi Arabia, have experienced unique demographic changes. The major population growth contributor in these countries is young migrants, which has led to a shift in the population age pyramid. Migrants constitute the vast proportion of GCC countries' population reaching >80% in Qatar and UAE. Using Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) and United Nations data, for the GCC countries, we assessed the association between age-standardized mortality and population size trends with linear and polynomial regressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486598/age-of-migration-differentials-in-life-expectancy-with-cognitive-impairment-20-year-findings-from-the-hispanic-epese
#4
Marc A Garcia, Joseph L Saenz, Brian Downer, Chi-Tsun Chiu, Sunshine Rote, Rebeca Wong
Background and Objectives: To examine differences in life expectancy with cognitive impairment among older Mexican adults according to nativity (U.S.-born/foreign-born) and among immigrants, age of migration to the United States. Research Design and Methods: This study employs 20 years of data from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly to estimate the proportion of life spent cognitively healthy and cognitively impaired prior to death among older Mexican adults residing in the southwestern United States...
May 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454517/findings-from-a-prospective-cohort-study-evaluating-the-effects-of-international-health-advisors-work-on-recently-settled-migrants-health
#5
Susanne Sundell Lecerof, Martin Stafström, Maria Emmelin, Ragnar Westerling, Per-Olof Östergen
BACKGROUND: Several interventions have been carried out to tackle health inequalities between migrant groups, especially refugees, and native-born European populations. These initiatives are often address language or cultural barriers. One of them is the International Health Advisors (IHA) in Sweden; a peer education intervention aimed at providing health information for recently settled migrants. It is known that social determinants, such as educational level and access to social capital, affect health...
April 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443492/consumption-of-healthy-foods-and-associated-socio-demographic-factors-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-immigrants-in-finland
#6
Folasade A Adebayo, Suvi T Itkonen, Päivikki Koponen, Ritva Prättälä, Tommi Härkänen, Christel Lamberg-Allardt, Maijaliisa Erkkola
AIMS: We evaluated the consumption of healthy foods among Russian, Somali and Kurdish immigrants in Finland, and examined the relationship between socio-demographic factors and food consumption. METHODS: We used data from the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study (Maamu), a population-based health interview and examination survey in six different municipalities in Finland between 2010 and 2012. Altogether, 635 men and 737 women, aged 18-64 years, of Russian ( n = 527), Somali ( n = 337) and Kurdish ( n = 508) origin were included...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389831/-the-healthy-migrant-effect-for-mental-health-in-england-propensity-score-matched-analysis-using-the-empiric-survey
#8
Amrit Dhadda, Giles Greene
Evidence has demonstrated that immigrants have a mental health advantage over the indigenous population of developed countries. However, much of the evidence-base demonstrating this mental health advantage is susceptible to confounding and inadequate adjustment across immigrant and non-immigrant groups preventing a rigorous assessment of a 'healthy migrant effect'. To compare the risk of common mental disorders in the immigrant population compared to the non-immigrant population in ethnic minority groups in England...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370606/sports-activities-in-preschool-children-differed-between-those-born-to%C3%A2-immigrants-and-native-italians
#9
Luciana Zaccagni, Stefania Toselli, Francesca Celenza, Augusta Albertini, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
AIM: Despite the health benefits of physical activity in early childhood, little is known about sports practices in preschool children with different ethnic origins. The aim of this study was to investigate the sport activity patterns in native and immigrant children in northern Italy. The influence of some child and family determinants on the child's practice of club-organised sport was analysed to plan interventions. METHODS: The study group comprised 2682 preschool children (49...
March 31, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355637/self-rated-health-and-wellbeing-among-the-working-age-immigrant-population-in-western-europe-findings-from-the-european-social-survey-2014-special-module-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#10
Daniel La Parra-Casado, Per Stornes, Erling F Solheim
The aim is to study the difference in self-rated health and wellbeing between native non-migrants and different immigrant groups: new (defined as having lived in the host country for 10 years or less), old (living in the host country for more than 10 years) and second-generation immigrants living in Western European countries. We use the European Social Survey Round 7, collected in 2014/15, to study the working-age population aged 20-64. We separate between first (new and old) and second-generation immigrants...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271720/negotiating-health-and-chronic-illness-in-filipino-australians-a-qualitative-study-with-implications-for-health-promotion
#11
Della Maneze, Lucie Ramjan, Michelle DiGiacomo, Bronwyn Everett, Patricia Mary Davidson, Yenna Salamonson
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the healthy immigrant effect, the prevalence of lifestyle-related chronic diseases among migrants is reported to approximate that of the host country with longer duration of stay. For example, higher rates of chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes and hypertension have been observed among Filipino migrants and these have been linked to acculturation. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Filipino-Australian migrants in managing their chronic health conditions in a Western host country...
March 8, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254459/epidemiological-characteristics-of-measles-from-2000-to-2014-results-of-a-measles-catch-up-vaccination-campaign-in-xianyang-china
#12
Rong-Qiang Zhang, Hong-Bing Li, Feng-Ying Li, Li-Xin Han, Yong-Min Xiong
This study was a cross-sectional case-control study aimed at (1) identifying risk factors contributing to the measles epidemic and (2) evaluating the impacts of measles-containing vaccines (MCVs), with the goal of providing evidence-based recommendations for measles elimination strategies in China. Data on measles cases from 2000 to 2014 were obtained from a passive surveillance system at the Center for Diseases Prevention and Control in Xianyang. The effectiveness of MCVs was evaluated in 357 patients with a vaccination history and 503 healthy randomly selected controls...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239745/differences-in-healthy-life-expectancy-between-older-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-three-european-countries-over-time
#13
Matias Reus-Pons, Eva U B Kibele, Fanny Janssen
OBJECTIVES: We analysed differences in healthy life expectancy at age 50 (HLE50) between migrants and non-migrants in Belgium , the Netherlands, and England and Wales, and their trends over time between 2001 and 2011 in the latter two countries. METHODS: Population, mortality and health data were derived from registers, census or surveys. HLE50 and the share of remaining healthy life years were calculated for non-migrants, western and non-western migrants by sex...
June 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#14
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144758/a-healthy-immigrant-effect-or-a-sick-immigrant-effect-selection-and-policies-matter
#15
Amelie F Constant, Teresa García-Muñoz, Shoshana Neuman, Tzahi Neuman
Previous literature on a variety of countries has documented a "healthy immigrant effect" (HIE). Accordingly, immigrants arriving in the host country are, on average, healthier than comparable natives. However, their health status dissipates with additional years in the country. HIE is explained through the positive self-selection of healthy immigrants as well as the positive selection, screening and discrimination applied by host countries. In this article we study the health trajectories of immigrants within the context of selection and migration policies...
January 31, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134756/urban-place-and-health-equity-critical-issues-and-practices
#16
REVIEW
Jason Corburn
Urban places and health equity are two of the most challenging concepts for 21st century environmental health. More people live in cities than at any other time in human history and health inequities are increasing. Health inequities are avoidable differences in the social, environmental and political conditions that shape morbidity and mortality, and disproportionately burden the poor, racial, ethnic and religious minorities and migrants. By linking urban place and health inequities, research and action brings into sharp relief the challenges of achieving urban environmental justice...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103211/notes-from-the-field-hantavirus-pulmonary-syndrome-in-a-migrant-farm-worker-colorado-2016
#17
Grace Marx, Kaylan Stinson, Monte Deatrich, Bernadette Albanese
HASH(0x4bfec00)
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039136/laboratory-surveillance-of-polio-and-other-enteroviruses-in-high-risk-populations-and-environmental-samples
#18
Vasiliki Pogka, Stavroula Labropoulou, Mary Emmanouil, Androniki Voulgari-Kokota, Alexandra Vernardaki, Theano Georgakopoulou, Andreas F Mentis
In the context of poliomyelitis eradication, a reinforced supplementary laboratory surveillance of enteroviruses was implemented in Greece. Between 2008 and 2014, the Hellenic Polioviruses/Enteroviruses Reference Laboratory performed detailed supplementary surveillance of circulating enteroviruses among healthy individuals in high-risk population groups, among immigrants from countries in which poliovirus is endemic, and in environmental samples. In total, 722 stool samples and 179 sewage water samples were included in the study...
March 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998494/pattern-of-socio-economic-and-health-aspects-among-tb-patients-and-controls
#19
A K Kapoor, Vijit Deepani, Meenal Dhall, Satwanti Kapoor
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic and health-related factors have a significant impact on tuberculosis (TB) incidence among population residing in resource-scare settings. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern of socio-economic and health-related factors among TB patients and control in Delhi, India. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was performed among 893 TB patients (or cases) and 333 healthy disease-free controls. The data for the present study was obtained from several district TB centres in north, west and south Delhi...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968877/health-status-and-migration-a-propensity-score-matching-with-difference-in-difference-regression-approach
#20
Liming Lu, Xiao Gong, Jingchun Zeng
BACKGROUND: By 2014, about 253 million Chinese migrants had left their rural hometowns and were working in cities. The effect of migration on health is unclear, since it is affected by changes in environments and behaviours over the course of migration. Furthermore, previous studies have not thoroughly considered the "healthy migrant hypothesis" (that is, healthy people are more conducive to migrate). This paper strives to explore the potential mechanisms of migration and health over two successive years to provide a useful reference point for health policy targeted at migrants...
October 2016: Lancet
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