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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355817/the-healthy-worker-effect-do-healthy-people-climb-the-occupational-ladder
#1
Joan Costa-Font, Martin Ljunge
The association between occupational status and health has been taken to reveal the presence of occupational health inequalities. However, that interpretation assumes no influence of health status in climbing the occupational ladder. This paper documents evidence of non-negligible returns to occupation status on health (which we refer as 'healthy worker effect'). We use a unique empirical strategy that addresses the problem of reverse causality. That is, an instrumental variable strategy using the variation in average health in the migrant's country of origin, a health measure plausibly not determined by the migrant's occupational status...
January 9, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302162/securing-a-right-to-health-integration-villages-and-medical-citizenship-of-roma-people-in-france
#2
Daniel Manson
A national deportation campaign targeting Romanian Roma in France has recently drawn international criticism from human rights organizations and the European Union. In this context, some French municipalities have created villages d'insertion-integration villages-for some of their Roma residents. Proponents of these spaces have declared that they are humanitarian solutions to the existence of Roma slums in the urban peripheries of many French cities. Yet the creation of a "healthy space" for Roma migrants in the city has also legitimated the further eviction and exclusion of people from "unhealthy slums...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246120/depressive-symptoms-and-negative-life-events-what-psycho-social-factors-protect-or-harm-left-behind-children-in-china
#3
Yu Guang, Zhengzhi Feng, Guoyu Yang, Yaling Yang, Lifei Wang, Qin Dai, Chaobing Hu, Keyu Liu, Rui Zhang, Fan Xia, Mengxue Zhao
BACKGROUND: In China, children under 18 years old who are left at rural residences for at least 6 months by either one or both of their parents migrating to work in cities are called "left-behind children (LBC)". Due to restricted family support, they are at a greater risk of developing depressive symptoms than non-left-behind children (NLBC). The objective of this study is to explore how depressive symptoms and stress induced by negative life events such as interpersonal conflicts, punishment and loss, as well as their relationships vary for LBC with different left-behind-related characteristics...
December 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199859/nutrient-intake-and-factors-influencing-eating-behaviors-in-older-migrant-women-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#4
Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood, Janice L Thompson
This study examines nutrient intake and factors influencing eating behaviors in a sample of 76 migrant older women (≥ 60 years) living in the UK. Nutrient intake was assessed using a 24-hr recall enhanced by an in-depth probing dietary interview. Median energy intake was significantly lower than the UK RNIs (5,125.4 v. 7,301.1 kJ/d, p < .001). Main nutrients of concern were retinol, vitamin D, magnesium, potassium, copper, selenium, and monounsaturated fatty acids. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a subsample (n = 46) and analyzed using thematic analysis...
December 4, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198899/sentinel-surveillance-data-from-eritrean-migrants-in-italy-the-theory-of-healthy-migrants
#5
Massimo Ciccozzi, Eleonora Cella, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Serena Vita, Giordano Dicuonzo, Maurizio Lopalco, Francesca Antonelli, Alessia Conti, Rossella Ottaviani, Marina De Cesaris, Silvia Spoto, Silvia Angeletti
BACKGROUND: Eritrean migrants accounted for the majority of people who drowned in the Mediterranean this year. Recently, data deficit about international migration has been reported. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-three Eritrean migrants, upon their arrival in Italy, were accommodated at the asylum seekers center of Castelnuovo di Porto, together with 25 sanitary workers, and received microbiological surveillance at the Clinical Pathology and Microbiology Unit of the University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome...
December 2, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172700/a-systematic-review-of-acculturation-obesity-and-health-behaviours-among-migrants-to-high-income-countries
#6
L Alidu, E A Grunfeld
Objective There is extensive evidence for weight gain among people migrating from low/middle-income to high-income countries, which may be due, in part, to acculturation factors. This review aimed to identify associations between acculturation and body weight among immigrants to high-income countries and identify if studies accounted for the role played by health behaviours. Methods A systematic literature search using keywords was performed with three databases (Medline, PsychINFO and EMBASE). The 35 studies were included that utilised quantitative methodology and presented empirical findings focused on acculturation and body weight among adult immigrants...
November 24, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167698/transitions-into-puberty-and-access-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-information-in-two-humanitarian-settings-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-very-young-adolescents-from-somalia-and-myanmar
#7
Anna E Kågesten, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Catherine Lee, Tenaw Bawoke, Shahd Osman, Jennifer Schlecht
Background: Very young adolescents (VYA) in humanitarian settings are largely neglected in terms of sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study describes the characteristics of VYA aged 10-14 years in two humanitarian settings, focusing on transitions into puberty and access to SRH information. Methods: Data were collected through a cross-sectional survey with Somali VYA residing in the Kobe refugee camp in Ethiopia (N = 406) and VYA from Myanmar residing in the Mae Sot and Phop Phra migrant communities in Thailand (N = 399)...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165223/health-status-of-asylum-seekers-spain
#8
Núria Serre-Delcor, Carlos Ascaso, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Francisco Collazos Sanchez, Begoña Treviño Maruri, Elena Sulleiro, Diana Pou Ciruelo, Cristina Bocanegra Garcia, Israel Molina Romero
The rising rate of conflicts and the unsafe situation caused by reasons of ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, political opinion, or nationality entail an increase in the number of migratory movements. The goal of this article is to describe the health status of asylum seekers visited in an international health center. We conducted a retrospective study of the asylum seekers visited between July 2013 and June 2016. A total of 303 cases were included. The median age was 28.0 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 21-35), and 203 (67...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117151/changes-in-sports-participation-across-transition-to-retirement-modification-by-migration-background-and-acculturation-status
#9
Johanna-Katharina Schönbach, Manuela Pfinder, Claudia Börnhorst, Hajo Zeeb, Tilman Brand
While total physical activity decreases over the life course, sports and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) have shown to increase after transition to retirement. This paper aimed to investigate whether this change in sports participation differs (1) between non-migrant persons (NMP) versus persons with a migrant background (PMB), and (2) by acculturation status. Data was drawn from 16 waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) including 2664 NMP and 569 PMB. PMB were grouped according to acculturation status (integrated, assimilated, marginalised, separated), assessed regarding three dimensions (language, social interaction and identification)...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096028/the-role-of-maternal-and-child-characteristics-in-chinese-children-s-dietary-intake-across-three-groups
#10
Nan Zhou, Charissa S L Cheah, Yan Li, Junsheng Liu, Shuyan Sun
Objective: To examine whether mothers' early-life food insecurity (ELFI), pressuring to eat feeding practices (PEP), and child effortful control (EC) are associated with child dietary intake within and across three Chinese ethnic groups. Method: Participants included 119 Chinese international immigrants in the United States, 230 urban nonmigrant, and 468 rural-to-urban migrant mothers and preschoolers in China. Mothers reported on their ELFI, PEP, and their children's EC and dietary intake...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043501/salmon-bias-or-red-herring-comparing-adult-mortality-risks-ages-30-90-between-natives-and-internal-migrants-stayers-returnees-and-movers-in-rotterdam-the-netherlands-1850-1940
#11
Paul Puschmann, Robyn Donrovich, Koen Matthijs
The purpose of this research is to empirically test the salmon bias hypothesis, which states that the "healthy migrant" effect-referring to a situation in which migrants enjoy lower mortality risks than natives-is caused by selective return-migration of the weak, sick, and elderly. Using a unique longitudinal micro-level database-the Historical Sample of the Netherlands-we tracked the life courses of internal migrants after they had left the city of Rotterdam, which allowed us to compare mortality risks of stayers, returnees, and movers using survival analysis for the study group as a whole, and also for men and women separately...
December 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992795/role-of-disease-and-demographic-factors-as-determinants-of-return-migration-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#12
Line Neerup Handlos, Jorgen Holm Petersen, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Marie Norredam
AIMS: A number of aspects of the health status of migrants who return to their country of origin have been explored in the literature; however, a more general description of the incidence of disease and demographic characteristics is lacking. The aim of this research was to contribute such a description. METHODS: A nationwide cohort study was conducted of 114,331 migrants who obtained residence in Denmark between 1 January 1993 and 31 December 2010. Demographic characteristics and ten disease groups were included as explanatory variables and hazards ratios for the association between return migration and disease incidence, as well as demographic characteristics, were estimated using Cox regressions...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969352/sex-dependent-association-of-perigenual-anterior-cingulate-cortex-volume-and-migration-background-an-environmental-risk-factor-for-schizophrenia
#13
Ceren Akdeniz, Axel Schäfer, Fabian Streit, Leila Haller, Stefan Wüst, Peter Kirsch, Heike Tost, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg
Migration status is one of the best-established risk factors for schizophrenia. An increase in risk is observed in both first- and second-generation immigrants, with a varying magnitude depending on the ethnic background of the individuals. The underlying mechanisms for the increased risk are only recently coming into focus. A causal role for social stress has been widely proposed, and recent work indicated altered neural stress processing in the perigenual anterior cingulate cortex (pACC) in migrants. Since previous work shows that social stress may lead to enduring changes in the gray matter volume of vulnerable brain regions, we investigated the impact of migration background on brain structure...
July 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929728/-undocumented-immigrants-what-do-we-know-about-their-health
#14
Giovanni Baglio, Raffaele Di Palma, Erica Eugeni, Antonio Fortino
In Italy, immigrants represent a "fuzzy" set, to which it is difficult to apply dichotomous categories as a classification (i.e., regular/irregular, economic/forced, etcetera). These categories lose its meaning when used to study health phenomena. Rather, the epidemiological profile of such a heterogeneous population depends on the varying influence of health determinants in the life-course of migration. This article builds on those assumptions, and analyses the health of irregularly- staying immigrants by adopting a global approach to the migration phenomenon...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929722/-self-perceived-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#15
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Concetta Mirisola, Gianfranco Costanzo
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate self-perceived health status of immigrants in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative national samples of the multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on the age group of 18-64: No. 80,661 in 2005, among which 3.2% were immigrants, and No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905684/distinctive-role-of-income-in-the-all-cause-mortality-among-working-age-migrants-and-the-settled-population-in-finland-a-follow-up-study-from-2001-to-2014
#16
Kishan Patel, Anne Kouvonen, Aki Koskinen, Lauri Kokkinen, Michael Donnelly, Dermot O'Reilly, Ari Vaananen
BACKGROUND: Although income level may play a significant part in mortality among migrants, previous research has not focused on the relationship between income, migration and mortality risk. The aim of this register study was to compare all-cause mortality by income level between different migrant groups and the majority settled population of Finland. METHODS: A random sample was drawn of 1,058,391 working age people (age range 18-64 years; 50.4% men) living in Finland in 2000 and linked to mortality data from 2001 to 2014...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899374/determinants-of-internal-migrant-health-and-the-healthy-migrant-effect-in-south-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Warren Dodd, Sally Humphries, Kirit Patel, Shannon Majowicz, Matthew Little, Cate Dewey
BACKGROUND: Internal labour migration is an important and necessary livelihood strategy for millions of individuals and households in India. However, the precarious position of migrant workers within Indian society may have consequences for the health of these individuals. Previous research on the connections between health and labour mobility within India have primarily focused on the negative health outcomes associated with this practice. Thus, there is a need to better identify the determinants of internal migrant health and how these determinants shape migrant health outcomes...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854877/demand-side-financing-for-maternal-and-newborn-health-what-do-we-know-about-factors-that-affect-implementation-of-cash-transfers-and-voucher-programmes
#18
Benjamin M Hunter, Susan F Murray
BACKGROUND: Demand-side financing (DSF) interventions, including cash transfers and vouchers, have been introduced to promote maternal and newborn health in a range of low- and middle-income countries. These interventions vary in design but have typically been used to increase health service utilisation by offsetting some financial costs for users, or increasing household income and incentivising 'healthy behaviours'. This article documents experiences and implementation factors associated with use of DSF in maternal and newborn health...
August 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832287/-honey-milk-and-bile-a-social-history-of-hillbrow-1894-2016
#19
Jonathan Stadler, Charles Dugmore
This commentary constructs a social history of Hillbrow, an inner-city suburb in Johannesburg, South Africa, based on a review of relevant published historical, anthropological and sociological texts. We highlight the significant continuities in the social structure of the suburb, despite the radical transformations that have occurred over the last 120 years.Originally envisaged as a healthy residential area, distinct from the industrial activity of early Johannesburg, Hillbrow was a prime location for health infrastructure to serve the city...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804271/healthy-migrants-in-an-unhealthy-city-the-effects-of-time-on-the-health-of-migrants-living-in-deprived-areas-of-glasgow
#20
Ade Kearns, Elise Whitley, Matt Egan, Catherine Tabbner, Carol Tannahill
This paper examines the healthy immigrant effect in Glasgow, a post-industrial city where the migrant population has more than doubled in the last decade. Using data from a community survey in 15 communities across the city, the paper compares four health outcomes for the following three groups: British-born, social and economic migrants and asylum seekers and refugees. Migrants were found to be healthier than the indigenous population on all four measures, particularly in the case of adult households in both migrant groups and for older asylum seeker and refugee households...
2017: Journal of International Migration and Integration
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