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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929728/-undocumented-immigrants-what-do-we-know-about-their-health
#1
Giovanni Baglio, Raffaele Di Palma, Erica Eugeni, Antonio Fortino
In Italy, immigrants represent a "fuzzy" set, to which it is difficult to apply dichotomous categories as a classification (i.e., regular/irregular, economic/forced, etcetera). These categories lose its meaning when used to study health phenomena. Rather, the epidemiological profile of such a heterogeneous population depends on the varying influence of health determinants in the life-course of migration. This article builds on those assumptions, and analyses the health of irregularly- staying immigrants by adopting a global approach to the migration phenomenon...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929722/-self-perceived-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#2
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Concetta Mirisola, Gianfranco Costanzo
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate self-perceived health status of immigrants in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative national samples of the multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on the age group of 18-64: No. 80,661 in 2005, among which 3.2% were immigrants, and No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905684/distinctive-role-of-income-in-the-all-cause-mortality-among-working-age-migrants-and-the-settled-population-in-finland-a-follow-up-study-from-2001-to-2014
#3
Kishan Patel, Anne Kouvonen, Aki Koskinen, Lauri Kokkinen, Michael Donnelly, Dermot O'Reilly, Ari Vaananen
BACKGROUND: Although income level may play a significant part in mortality among migrants, previous research has not focused on the relationship between income, migration and mortality risk. The aim of this register study was to compare all-cause mortality by income level between different migrant groups and the majority settled population of Finland. METHODS: A random sample was drawn of 1,058,391 working age people (age range 18-64 years; 50.4% men) living in Finland in 2000 and linked to mortality data from 2001 to 2014...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899374/determinants-of-internal-migrant-health-and-the-healthy-migrant-effect-in-south-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Warren Dodd, Sally Humphries, Kirit Patel, Shannon Majowicz, Matthew Little, Cate Dewey
BACKGROUND: Internal labour migration is an important and necessary livelihood strategy for millions of individuals and households in India. However, the precarious position of migrant workers within Indian society may have consequences for the health of these individuals. Previous research on the connections between health and labour mobility within India have primarily focused on the negative health outcomes associated with this practice. Thus, there is a need to better identify the determinants of internal migrant health and how these determinants shape migrant health outcomes...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854877/demand-side-financing-for-maternal-and-newborn-health-what-do-we-know-about-factors-that-affect-implementation-of-cash-transfers-and-voucher-programmes
#5
Benjamin M Hunter, Susan F Murray
BACKGROUND: Demand-side financing (DSF) interventions, including cash transfers and vouchers, have been introduced to promote maternal and newborn health in a range of low- and middle-income countries. These interventions vary in design but have typically been used to increase health service utilisation by offsetting some financial costs for users, or increasing household income and incentivising 'healthy behaviours'. This article documents experiences and implementation factors associated with use of DSF in maternal and newborn health...
August 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832287/-honey-milk-and-bile-a-social-history-of-hillbrow-1894-2016
#6
Jonathan Stadler, Charles Dugmore
This commentary constructs a social history of Hillbrow, an inner-city suburb in Johannesburg, South Africa, based on a review of relevant published historical, anthropological and sociological texts. We highlight the significant continuities in the social structure of the suburb, despite the radical transformations that have occurred over the last 120 years.Originally envisaged as a healthy residential area, distinct from the industrial activity of early Johannesburg, Hillbrow was a prime location for health infrastructure to serve the city...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804271/healthy-migrants-in-an-unhealthy-city-the-effects-of-time-on-the-health-of-migrants-living-in-deprived-areas-of-glasgow
#7
Ade Kearns, Elise Whitley, Matt Egan, Catherine Tabbner, Carol Tannahill
This paper examines the healthy immigrant effect in Glasgow, a post-industrial city where the migrant population has more than doubled in the last decade. Using data from a community survey in 15 communities across the city, the paper compares four health outcomes for the following three groups: British-born, social and economic migrants and asylum seekers and refugees. Migrants were found to be healthier than the indigenous population on all four measures, particularly in the case of adult households in both migrant groups and for older asylum seeker and refugee households...
2017: Journal of International Migration and Integration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743730/do-cardiometabolic-behavioural-and-socioeconomic-factors-explain-the-healthy-migrant-effect-in-the-uk-linked-mortality-follow-up-of-south-asians-compared-with-white-europeans-in-the-newcastle-heart-project
#8
Louise Hayes, Martin White, Richard J Q McNally, Nigel Unwin, Anh Tran, Raj Bhopal
BACKGROUND: Immigrants are sometimes found to have better health than locally born populations. We examined the mortality experience of South Asian origin and white European origin individuals living in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. METHODS: A linked 17-21 year mortality follow-up of a cross-sectional study of European (n=825) and South Asian (n=709) men and women, aged 25-74 years, recruited between 1993 and 1997. Poisson regression was used to estimate mortality rate ratios (MRRs) for all-cause mortality...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739838/unravelling-migrants-health-paradoxes-a-transdisciplinary-research-agenda
#9
REVIEW
Maria Roura
The Social Determinants of Health literature has consistently found that a higher socioeconomic status is associated with better health outcomes even after adjusting for traditional risk factors. However, research findings in the field of Migrants' Health suggest that the socioeconomic/health gradient does not always behave as expected for migrants and their descendants. The mismatch of findings in these two long-standing parallel research traditions is exemplified by frequent reports of paradoxical findings in the scientific literature: the healthy migrant paradox, the ethnic density paradox and the diminishing returns paradox...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707009/differences-in-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-for-movers-and-stayers-in-new-zealand-a-survival-analysis
#10
Frances Darlington-Pollock, Nichola Shackleton, Paul Norman, Arier C Lee, Daniel Exeter
OBJECTIVES: To explore if risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) for participants who moved before their first CVD event is higher than for stayers, and examine whether the relationship is moderated by ethnicity. METHODS: The sample comprised 2,068,360 New Zealand residents enrolled in any Primary Health Organisation, aged between 30 and 84 years, had complete demographic information, and no prior history of CVD. Cox proportional regression was used to compare CVD risk between movers and stayers...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702815/exploring-factors-influencing-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-communities-in-victoria-australia-a-qualitative-study
#11
Andre M N Renzaho, Julie Green, Ben J Smith, Michael Polonsky
Despite the availability of numerous obesity prevention initiatives in developed countries including Australia, rising childhood obesity levels have been found among migrant communities which contribute to widening obesity-related disparities in these countries. We sought to understand the factors influencing the participation of migrant communities in childhood obesity prevention initiatives. We conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews among 48 migrant parents from African, Middle Eastern, Indian and Vietnamese origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia to explore their views on childhood obesity and its prevention...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632794/migrants-healthy-worker-effect-and-mortality-trends-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#12
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Ravinder Mamtani
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Saudi Arabia, have experienced unique demographic changes. The major population growth contributor in these countries is young migrants, which has led to a shift in the population age pyramid. Migrants constitute the vast proportion of GCC countries' population reaching >80% in Qatar and UAE. Using Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) and United Nations data, for the GCC countries, we assessed the association between age-standardized mortality and population size trends with linear and polynomial regressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486598/age-of-migration-differentials-in-life-expectancy-with-cognitive-impairment-20-year-findings-from-the-hispanic-epese
#13
Marc A Garcia, Joseph L Saenz, Brian Downer, Chi-Tsun Chiu, Sunshine Rote, Rebeca Wong
Background and Objectives: To examine differences in life expectancy with cognitive impairment among older Mexican adults according to nativity (U.S.-born/foreign-born) and among immigrants, age of migration to the United States. Research Design and Methods: This study employs 20 years of data from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly to estimate the proportion of life spent cognitively healthy and cognitively impaired prior to death among older Mexican adults residing in the southwestern United States...
May 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454517/findings-from-a-prospective-cohort-study-evaluating-the-effects-of-international-health-advisors-work-on-recently-settled-migrants-health
#14
Susanne Sundell Lecerof, Martin Stafström, Maria Emmelin, Ragnar Westerling, Per-Olof Östergen
BACKGROUND: Several interventions have been carried out to tackle health inequalities between migrant groups, especially refugees, and native-born European populations. These initiatives are often address language or cultural barriers. One of them is the International Health Advisors (IHA) in Sweden; a peer education intervention aimed at providing health information for recently settled migrants. It is known that social determinants, such as educational level and access to social capital, affect health...
April 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443492/consumption-of-healthy-foods-and-associated-socio-demographic-factors-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-immigrants-in-finland
#15
Folasade A Adebayo, Suvi T Itkonen, Päivikki Koponen, Ritva Prättälä, Tommi Härkänen, Christel Lamberg-Allardt, Maijaliisa Erkkola
AIMS: We evaluated the consumption of healthy foods among Russian, Somali and Kurdish immigrants in Finland, and examined the relationship between socio-demographic factors and food consumption. METHODS: We used data from the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study (Maamu), a population-based health interview and examination survey in six different municipalities in Finland between 2010 and 2012. Altogether, 635 men and 737 women, aged 18-64 years, of Russian ( n = 527), Somali ( n = 337) and Kurdish ( n = 508) origin were included...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389831/-the-healthy-migrant-effect-for-mental-health-in-england-propensity-score-matched-analysis-using-the-empiric-survey
#17
Amrit Dhadda, Giles Greene
Evidence has demonstrated that immigrants have a mental health advantage over the indigenous population of developed countries. However, much of the evidence-base demonstrating this mental health advantage is susceptible to confounding and inadequate adjustment across immigrant and non-immigrant groups preventing a rigorous assessment of a 'healthy migrant effect'. To compare the risk of common mental disorders in the immigrant population compared to the non-immigrant population in ethnic minority groups in England...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370606/sports-activities-in-preschool-children-differed-between-those-born-to%C3%A2-immigrants-and-native-italians
#18
Luciana Zaccagni, Stefania Toselli, Francesca Celenza, Augusta Albertini, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
AIM: Despite the health benefits of physical activity in early childhood, little is known about sports practices in preschool children with different ethnic origins. The aim of this study was to investigate the sport activity patterns in native and immigrant children in northern Italy. The influence of some child and family determinants on the child's practice of club-organised sport was analysed to plan interventions. METHODS: The study group comprised 2682 preschool children (49...
March 31, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355637/self-rated-health-and-wellbeing-among-the-working-age-immigrant-population-in-western-europe-findings-from-the-european-social-survey-2014-special-module-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#19
Daniel La Parra-Casado, Per Stornes, Erling F Solheim
The aim is to study the difference in self-rated health and wellbeing between native non-migrants and different immigrant groups: new (defined as having lived in the host country for 10 years or less), old (living in the host country for more than 10 years) and second-generation immigrants living in Western European countries. We use the European Social Survey Round 7, collected in 2014/15, to study the working-age population aged 20-64. We separate between first (new and old) and second-generation immigrants...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271720/negotiating-health-and-chronic-illness-in-filipino-australians-a-qualitative-study-with-implications-for-health-promotion
#20
Della Maneze, Lucie Ramjan, Michelle DiGiacomo, Bronwyn Everett, Patricia Mary Davidson, Yenna Salamonson
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the healthy immigrant effect, the prevalence of lifestyle-related chronic diseases among migrants is reported to approximate that of the host country with longer duration of stay. For example, higher rates of chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes and hypertension have been observed among Filipino migrants and these have been linked to acculturation. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Filipino-Australian migrants in managing their chronic health conditions in a Western host country...
March 8, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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