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Anatomic metal back

Sol Bee Han, Young Cheol Yoon, Jong Won Kwon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Slice-Encoding Metal Artifact Correction (SEMAC) sequence is one of the metal artifact reduction techniques of anatomical structure, but there has been no report about evaluation of post-operative complications. The purpose of this article is to compare the anatomical visibility between fast spin echo (FSE) and FSE-SEMAC and to evaluate the additional value of FSE-SEMAC in diagnostic confidence of the complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study with 54 patients who received lumbar spinal surgery and MR images including FSE-SEMAC...
2016: PloS One
Joel Aissa, Johannes Boos, Christoph Schleich, Martin Sedlmair, Karl Krzymyk, Patric Kröpil, Gerald Antoch, Christoph Thomas
OBJECTIVES: Diagnostic accuracy of intraoperative computed tomography (CT) after deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrode placement is limited due to artifacts induced by the metallic hardware, which can potentially mask intracranial postoperative complications. Different metal artifact reduction (MAR) techniques have been introduced to reduce artifacts from metal hardware in CT. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a novel iterative MAR technique on image quality and diagnostic performance in the follow-up of patients with DBS electrode implementation surgery...
June 15, 2016: Investigative Radiology
Haruhiko Machida, Toshiyuki Yuhara, Mieko Tamura, Takuya Ishikawa, Etsuko Tate, Eiko Ueno, Katelyn Nye, John M Sabol
With flat-panel detector mammography, radiography, and fluoroscopy systems, digital tomosynthesis (DT) has been recently introduced as an advanced clinical application that removes overlying structures, enhances local tissue separation, and provides depth information about structures of interest by providing high-quality tomographic images. DT images are generated from projection image data, typically using filtered back-projection or iterative reconstruction. These low-dose x-ray projection images are easily and swiftly acquired over a range of angles during a single linear or arc sweep of the x-ray tube assembly...
May 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Brian C Werner, Joshua S Dines, David M Dines
A platform system for shoulder arthroplasty can include a convertible modular humeral stem and/or a metal-backed glenoid component to facilitate straightforward conversion from either a hemiarthroplasty or anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty to a subsequent anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty, or more frequently, reverse total shoulder arthroplasty without any revision to the stem and/or glenoid baseplate. Recent studies have demonstrated a decreased rate of intraoperative humeral fracture, complications, and blood loss when a platform system is used and the humeral stem is not exchanged during revision arthroplasty...
March 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Thomas Obermeyer, Paul J Cagle, Bradford O Parsons, Evan L Flatow
Loosening of the glenoid remains one of the most common complications of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and is the most cited reason for performing revision arthroplasty. Ingrowth metal-backed glenoid components offer the theoretical advantage of bone growth directly into the prosthesis with a single host-prosthesis interface. In the study reported here, we retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients who had TSAs performed by 2 fellowship-trained shoulder surgeons using glenoid components with porous tantalum anchors...
September 2015: American Journal of Orthopedics
A L Kotsenas, G J Michalak, D R DeLone, F E Diehn, K Grant, A F Halaweish, A Krauss, R Raupach, B Schmidt, C H McCollough, J G Fletcher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Metal-related artifacts from spine instrumentation can obscure relevant anatomy and pathology. We evaluated the ability of CT images reconstructed with and without iterative metal artifact reduction to visualize critical anatomic structures in postoperative spines and assessed the potential for implementation into clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We archived CT projection data in patients with instrumented spinal fusion. CT images were reconstructed by using weighted filtered back-projection and iterative metal artifact reduction...
November 2015: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Pascal Boileau, Grégory Moineau, Nicolas Morin-Salvo, Cyrille Avidor, Arnaud Godenèche, Christophe Lévigne, Mohamed Baba, Gilles Walch
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to determine the survival of anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty with uncemented metal-backed (MB) glenoid components with a polyethylene (PE) insert in primary osteoarthritis, to assess the reasons for revision surgery, and to identify patients and diagnostic factors that influence failure rates. METHODS: Between 1994 and 1999, 165 patients (mean age, 68 years) with primary osteoarthritis were treated with anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty using an uncemented MB/PE glenoid component...
October 2015: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Daphne Pinkas, Brett Wiater, J Michael Wiater
Ideal management of the glenoid in anatomic shoulder arthroplasty remains controversial. Glenoid component loosening remains a common source of clinical concern and, in young, active patients, implantation of a glenoid prosthesis is often avoided. Efforts to decrease glenoid loosening have resulted in changes to prosthetic design and implantation techniques. Currently, a wide variety of glenoid component options are available, including metal-backed or all-polyethylene, bone ingrowth or ongrowth, inset, and augmented designs...
May 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
C Quental, P R Fernandes, J Monteiro, J Folgado
According to Wolff's law, the changes in stress after a prosthesis implantation may modify the shape and internal structure of bone, thus compromising the long-term prosthesis fixation and, consequently, be a significant factor for glenoid loosening. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the changes in the bone adaptation process of the scapula after an anatomical and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Five finite element models of the implanted scapula are developed considering the implantation of three anatomical, cemented, all-polyethylene components; an anatomical, cementless, metal-backed component; and a reverse, all-metal component...
August 2014: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
F Zambianchi, V Digennaro, A Giorgini, G Grandi, F Fiacchi, R Mugnai, F Catani
PURPOSE: Concerns exist regarding prosthetic positioning and post-operative limb alignment in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). In this study, we hypothesized deviations of the post-op anatomical femoro-tibial angle (aFTA) and the tibial component alignment to be factors influencing UKA survivorship. Moreover, by a comparison between all-poly and metal back UKAs, we hypothesized that prosthetic design plays a role in implant survivorship. METHODS: One hundred ninety-five medial UKAs were performed on 176 patients by two experienced surgeons and one low-UKA user...
July 2015: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Akin Cil, John W Sperling, Robert H Cofield
BACKGROUND: Glenoid bone deficiencies may be addressed by specialized components. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of 3 different types of nonstandard glenoid components. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with a mean age of 65 years (range, 34-84 years) underwent a primary or revision anatomic shoulder arthroplasty with one of 3 nonstandard glenoid components: a polyethylene component with an angled keel for posterior glenoid wear without posterior subluxation; a polyethylene component with 2 mm of extra thickness for central glenoid erosion; or a posteriorly augmented metal-backed glenoid component for posterior glenoid wear and posterior subluxation...
July 2014: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Sean G Grey
Shoulder arthroplasty represents one of the fastest growing orthopaedic procedures in the USA. In comparison to hemiarthroplasty, total shoulder arthroplasty has higher patient satisfaction and lower revision rates. Aseptic glenoid loosening remains a concern for longevity of total shoulder arthroplasties. Cement fixation on the glenoid side represents the primary and only mode of fixation in the majority of implants in the USA. Metal backed glenoid designs have demonstrated higher failure rates, primarily due to thinning of the polyethylene bearing surface...
2013: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Shant M Vartanian, Paul C Johnston, Joy P Walker, Sara J Runge, Charles M Eichler, Linda M Reilly, Jade S Hiramoto, Michael S Conte
OBJECTIVE: The optimal role for bare metal stents (BMS) or stent grafts (SG) in femoropopliteal occlusive disease (FPOD) is as of yet undefined. Understanding the clinical consequences of failure can help guide initial treatment decisions. The goal of this study was to define the nature, frequency, and risk factors for adverse clinical events related to BMS and SG failure in FPOD. METHODS: This is a single-institution retrospective review of primary endovascular interventions for FPOD using either a BMS or SG, from September 2007 through October 2011...
December 2013: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Diana Arweiler-Harbeck, Christoph Mönninghoff, Jens Greve, Thomas Hoffmann, Sophia Göricke, Judith Arnolds, Nina Theysohn, Ulrich Gollner, Stephan Lang, Michael Forsting, Marc Schlamann
Background. Postoperative imaging after cochlear implantation is usually performed by conventional cochlear view (X-ray) or by multislice computed tomography (MSCT). MSCT after cochlear implantation often provides multiple metal artefacts; thus, a more detailed view of the implant considering the given anatomy is desirable. A quite new method is flat panel volume computed tomography. The aim of the study was to evaluate the method's clinical use. Material and Methods. After cochlear implantation with different implant types, flat panel CT scan (Philips Allura) was performed in 31 adult patients...
2012: ISRN Otolaryngology
Alessandro Castagna, Marco Delcogliano, Francesca de Caro, Giovanni Ziveri, Mario Borroni, Stefano Gumina, Franco Postacchini, Carlo Felice De Biase
PURPOSE: Revision of a shoulder arthroplasty to a reverse arthroplasty is a highly demanding procedure. The aim of this study is to report the clinical results of hemi and total shoulder prosthesis revisions to reverse implants without removal of the humeral stem, using a modular shoulder replacement system (SMR Lima LTD). We retrospectively reviewed 26 patients who underwent an operation from 2004 to 2009. METHODS: The patients were divided into two groups: in Group I, 18 patients underwent a revision of hemiarthroplasty implanted for fracture; in Group II, eight patients underwent a revision of anatomical total prosthesis...
July 2013: International Orthopaedics
D Katz, J Kany, P Valenti, P Sauzières, P Gleyze, K El Kholti
The uncemented glenoid implants in total anatomical shoulder arthroplasty are likely to be accused of problems like dissociations, secondary rotator cuff tear, and wear of polyethylene (PE). This work is a clinical and radiological prospective review of 143 cases of anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty using a new metal back uncemented glenoid implant (MB) in order to see if this new implant induces those complications. A total of 143 cases were operated between 2003 and 2011. In a first part, the whole series of 143 cases was radiologically studied in order to quantify the lateralisation induced by the MB implant...
January 2013: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Christian Nourissat, Jérôme Essig, Gérard Asencio
We have evaluated 90 consecutive primary cementless ABG II total hip replacements. The bearings combined metal-on-polyethylene in 64 hips, and alumina-on-alumina in 26 hips. At the minimum 8-year follow-up, ten patients had died, seven had been lost to follow-up, two had undergone revision of either or both components, and 68 were still alive and had not been revised. With revision for any reason as the endpoint, the cumulative survival rate at 10years was 97.5%±1.7%, and 98.7%±1.3% for the metal-back cup and the femoral component, respectively...
April 2013: Journal of Arthroplasty
Oliver S Schindler
Patellar and femoral component in total knee arthroplasty are inextricably linked as a functional unit. The configuration of this unit has been a matter of ongoing debate, and the myriad of different patellar and femoral components currently available reflect the lack of consensus with respect to the ideal design. One of the major challenges is to overcome the biomechanical disadvantages of a small contact area through which high contact pressures are transferred, making this mechanical construct the weakest part of the prosthetic knee...
February 2012: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Maarten R Huizinga, Reinoud W Brouwer, Roel Bisschop, Hugo C van der Veen, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Jos J A M van Raay
The aims of this study were to determine survival rate, the clinical performance, and radiologic results of an Anatomic Graduated Component (AGC) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Survival analysis was assessed by analyzing all hospital records of 211 AGC TKAs in 177 patients after 15 to 20 years. The survival rate was 87%, with failure defined as revision for any reason including infection. The main reasons for failure were infection and failure of the metal-backed patellar component. Clinical evaluation of 30 patients (33 TKAs) and questionnaires of 20 patients (23 TKAs) were taken, showing moderate to good results (mean Knee Society Score, 51; mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index, 82; mean University of California Los Angeles score, 4)...
June 2012: Journal of Arthroplasty
Burcu Celet Ozden, Erdem Guven, Isik Aslay, Gonul Kemikler, Vakur Olgac, Merva Soluk Tekkesin, Bengul Serarslan, Burcak Tumerdem Ulug, Aylin Bilgin Karabulut, Atilla Arinci, Ufuk Emekli
BACKGROUND: The optimum protocol for expander volume adjustment with respect to the timing and application of radiotherapy remains controversial. METHODS: Eighteen New Zealand rabbits were divided into three groups. Metallic port integrated anatomic breast expanders of 250 cc were implanted on the back of each animal and controlled expansion was performed. Group I underwent radiotherapy with full expanders while in Group II, expanders were partially deflated immediately prior to radiotherapy...
February 20, 2012: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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