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breastfeeding physiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617769/trends-in-breastfeeding-among-infants-enrolled-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-new-york-2002-2015
#1
Furrina Lee, Lynn S Edmunds, Xiao Cong, Jackson P Sekhobo
Breastfeeding is widely accepted as the optimal method of infant feeding (1,2). New York Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) has prioritized the promotion of breastfeeding. To assess breastfeeding trends among New York WIC infants, indicators for measuring breastfeeding practices reported by the New York Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS) during 2002-2015 were examined. The prevalence of breastfeeding initiation increased from 62.0% (2002) to 83.4% (2015), exceeding the Healthy People 2020 (HP2020)* objective of 81...
June 16, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614671/gestalt-breastfeeding-helping-mothers-and-infants-optimize-positional-stability-and-intraoral-breast-tissue-volume-for-effective-pain-free-milk-transfer
#2
Pamela Douglas, Renee Keogh
In the past decade, biological nurturing and activation of maternal and infant instincts after birth have constituted a major advance in clinical breastfeeding support. Yet, physiologic breastfeeding initiation is not enough to ensure ongoing pain-free and effective breastfeeding for many pairs. Current interventions, including "hands-off" mammalian approaches, do not improve breastfeeding outcomes, including in randomized controlled trials. Back-arching, difficulty latching or staying on the breast, and fussing at the breast are common signs of infant positional instability during breastfeeding...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570611/lipid-profile-of-different-infant-formulas-for-infants
#3
Marcio Antonio Mendonça, Wilma Maria Coelho Araújo, Luiz Antonio Borgo, Ernandes de Rodrigues Alencar
Situations including premature infants, or those in which there is a rejection to breastfeeding, require the use infant formulas for total or partial replacement of human milk. The objective of this study was to determine the lipid content and to identify the lipid profile of infant formulas. Samples were collected from ten different infant formulas, used as a substitute for breast milk at the Maternal and Child Hospital of Brasilia. The human milk sample consisted of a pool of samples from 10 mature milk donors at the milk bank of the University Hospital of Brasilia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559894/multifactorial-modulation-of-food-induced-anaphylaxis
#4
REVIEW
Sara Benedé, María Garrido-Arandia, Laura Martín-Pedraza, Cristina Bueno, Araceli Díaz-Perales, Mayte Villalba
Prevalence of food-induced anaphylaxis increases progressively and occurs in an unpredictable manner, seriously affecting the quality of life of patients. Intrinsic factors including age, physiological, and genetic features of the patient as well as extrinsic factors such as the intake of drugs and exposure to environmental agents modulate this disorder. It has been proven that diseases, such as mastocytosis, defects in HLA, or filaggrin genes, increase the risk of severe allergic episodes. Certain allergen families such as storage proteins, lipid transfer proteins, or parvalbumins have also been linked to anaphylaxis...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469518/relationship-between-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-lower-risk-of-childhood-obesity-a-narrative-review-of-published-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Samuel N Uwaezuoke, Chizoma I Eneh, Ikenna K Ndu
BACKGROUND: The pattern of infant feeding during the first 1000-day period-from conception to the second birthday-has a significant influence on the child's growth trajectory. The relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and lower risk of childhood obesity has elicited much scientific interest, given the fact that this form of malnutrition is becoming a global epidemic. AIM: This narrative review aims to examine the evidence in the literature linking exclusive breastfeeding with reduction in obesity in children...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443284/fecal-short-chain-fatty-acid-variations-by-breastfeeding-status-in-infants-at-4%C3%A2-months-differences-in-relative-versus-absolute-concentrations
#6
Sarah L Bridgman, Meghan B Azad, Catherine J Field, Andrea M Haqq, Allan B Becker, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Padmaja Subbarao, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears, James A Scott, David S Wishart, Anita L Kozyrskyj
Our gut microbiota provide a number of important functions, one of which is the metabolism of dietary fiber and other macronutrients that are undigested by the host. The main products of this fermentation process are short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and other intermediate metabolites including lactate and succinate. Production of these metabolites is dependent on diet and gut microbiota composition. There is increasing evidence for the role of SCFAs in host physiology and metabolic processes as well as chronic inflammatory conditions such as allergic disease and obesity...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390223/integrative-review-of-interventions-to-promote-breastfeeding-in-the-late-preterm-infant
#7
REVIEW
JoAnna Cartwright, Teresa Atz, Susan Newman, Martina Mueller, Jill R Demirci
OBJECTIVE: To define the different breastfeeding interventions that promote breastfeeding exclusivity and duration in the late preterm infant and to synthesize findings from the published empirical literature on late preterm infant breastfeeding interventions. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, Scopus, and PubMed were searched for primary research articles on breastfeeding interventions for late preterm infants. Inclusion criteria included original research studies in which authors examined a breastfeeding intervention or second-line strategy in a sample inclusive of but not necessarily limited to the gestational age range of 34 to 3667 weeks gestation, written in English, and published between 2005 and 2015...
May 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337028/modifiable-risk-factors-of-maternal-postpartum-weight-retention-an-analysis-of-their-combined-impact-and-potential-opportunities-for-prevention
#8
J L Hollis, S R Crozier, H M Inskip, C Cooper, K M Godfrey, N C Harvey, C E Collins, S M Robinson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy triggers a physiological change in weight status. Postpartum weight retention in the childbearing years can substantially alter a woman's weight gain trajectory, with several potential contributing factors identified. Most research has relied on women's recall of pre-pregnancy weight during pregnancy or later, and not considered risk factors in combination. Using measured pre-pregnancy weight, this study aimed to examine the associations of maternal postpartum weight retention with parity, pre-pregnancy BMI, excessive gestational weight gain (GWG), maternal serum vitamin D concentration and dietary Glycaemic Index in early and late pregnancy, and breastfeeding duration, including analysis of the combined impact of potentially modifiable risk factors...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329433/understanding-maternal-postpartum-needs-a-descriptive-survey-of-current-maternal-health-services
#9
Mona Ma Almalik
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To assess mothers' learning needs and concerns after giving birth and to examine whether these needs were met at 6-8 weeks postpartum. BACKGROUND: Women experience many physiologic and psychological changes during postpartum period, which is considered a vital transitional time. Exploring and meeting women's needs help woman to pass this period with little complications and enhance healthcare provider's ability to provide appropriate care following childbirth...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326807/perception-of-not-having-enough-milk-and-actual-milk-production-of-first-time-breastfeeding-mothers-is-there-a-difference
#10
Roseline Galipeau, Louise Dumas, Mario Lepage
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived insufficient milk supply (PIMS) and actual insufficient milk supply (AIMS) and the relative contributions of physiological and psychosocial variables on both PIMS and AIMS of first-time breastfeeding mothers. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Data were collected among 123 breastfeeding mothers at a Canadian, French-speaking maternal care hospital. Birth events, breastfeeding practices, infant and maternal capacities, and PIMS and AIMS were collected at 48 hours after birth, postnatal weeks 2 and 6...
May 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284877/midwifery-continuity-of-carer-in-an-area-of-high-socio-economic-disadvantage-in-london-a-retrospective-analysis-of-albany-midwifery-practice-outcomes-using-routine-data-1997-2009
#11
Caroline Se Homer, Nicky Leap, Nadine Edwards, Jane Sandall
OBJECTIVE: in 1997, The Albany Midwifery Practice was established within King's College Hospital NHS Trust in a South East London area of high social disadvantage. The Albany midwives provided continuity of care to around 216 women per year, including those with obstetric, medical or social risk factors. In 2009, the Albany Midwifery Practice was closed in response to concerns about safety, amidst much publicity and controversy. The aim of this evaluation was to examine trends and outcomes for all mothers and babies who received care from the practice from 1997-2009...
February 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276733/record-of-nile-seasonality-in-nubian-neonates
#12
Céline Martin, Bruno Maureille, Romain Amiot, Alexandra Touzeau, Aurélien Royer, François Fourel, Gérard Panczer, Jean-Pierre Flandrois, Christophe Lécuyer
The oxygen isotope compositions of bones (n = 11) and teeth (n = 20) from 12 Sudanese individuals buried on Sai Island (Nubia) were analysed to investigate the registration of the evolution of the Nile environment from 3700 to 500 years BP and the potential effects of ontogeny on the oxygen isotope ratios. The isotopic compositions were converted into the composition of drinking water, ultimately originating from the Nile. δ(18)O values decrease during ontogeny; this is mainly related to breastfeeding and physiology...
June 2017: Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249822/ethnobotanical-survey-of-herbal-tea-plants-from-the-traditional-markets-in-chaoshan-china
#13
Dong-Lin Li, Xi-Long Zheng, Lei Duan, Shuang-Wen Deng, Wen Ye, Ai-Hua Wang, Fu-Wu Xing
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herbal tea, which refers to "cooling tea", "cool beverage", or "liáng chá" in China, includes a range of drinks with heat-clearing and detoxification qualities. Herbal tea plants are great contributive to the health and prosperity of Chaoshan people. The aim of the study was to document herbal tea plant species used and commercialized as "liáng chá" in Chaoshan area, to facilitate the use and development of herbal tea enterprises, and to promote the further development of national herbal tea...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#14
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158283/characterisation-of-zinc-delivery-from-a-nipple-shield-delivery-system-using-a-breastfeeding-simulation-apparatus
#15
Rebekah L Scheuerle, Sylvaine F A Bruggraber, Stephen E Gerrard, Richard A Kendall, Catherine Tuleu, Nigel K H Slater
Zinc delivery from a nipple shield delivery system (NSDS), a novel platform for administering medicines to infants during breastfeeding, was characterised using a breastfeeding simulation apparatus. In this study, human milk at flow rates and pressures physiologically representative of breastfeeding passed through the NSDS loaded with zinc-containing rapidly disintegrating tablets, resulting in release of zinc into the milk. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry was used to detect the zinc released, using a method that does not require prior digestion of the samples and that could be applied in other zinc analysis studies in breast milk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134707/low-milk-supply-and-the-pediatrician
#16
Sarah W Riddle, Laurie A Nommsen-Rivers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Human milk is the optimal food for human infants, and provides many diverse and well described benefits for both mother and infant. Low milk supply, whether perceived or actual, is one of the most common reasons why mothers stop breastfeeding. Breastfeeding mothers often seek out the guidance and support of their pediatrician in evaluating and resolving milk production concerns. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence supports the importance of breastfeeding for maternal and child health in both developing and developed countries...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074312/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-adherence-to-exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-among-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-women-in-jos-nigeria
#17
Bronwynè Coetzee, Mark Tomlinson, Sophia Osawe, Alash'le Amibiku, Ashraf Kagee
Objectives In Nigeria adherence to exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices is currently suboptimal and a better understanding of the factors affecting adherence to EBF is needed. We sought to identify and delineate the barriers to and facilitators of adherence to EBF amongst HIV-infected and uninfected women in Nigeria. Methods We explored the barriers and facilitators to EBF amongst 37 (25 HIV-infected and 12 HIV-uninfected) pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Jos, Nigeria. In-depth interviews were conducted with each of the pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy and again 1 month after giving birth...
January 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955652/early-skin-to-skin-contact-or-incubator-for-very-preterm-infants-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Laila Kristoffersen, Ragnhild Støen, Hilde Rygh, Margunn Sognnæs, Turid Follestad, Hilde S Mohn, Ingrid Nissen, Håkon Bergseng
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care immediately following delivery is a common practice for term infants and has been shown to improve cardiorespiratory stability, facilitate early bonding, and promote breastfeeding. Since 2007, the use of skin-to-skin care has been practiced for preterm infants from 32 weeks of gestation in the delivery room at St. Olav's University Hospital. In the present study we aim to investigate whether skin-to-skin care following delivery is safe, and how it affects early and late outcomes compared to standard care for very preterm infants...
December 12, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938644/creating-exclusive-breastfeeding-knowledge-translation-tools-with-first-nations-mothers-in-northwest-territories-canada
#19
Pertice Moffitt, Raissa Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an ideal method of infant feeding affecting lifelong health, and yet the uptake of breastfeeding in some Indigenous communities in Canada's north is low. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this project were to determine the rate and determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in a remote community in the Northwest Territories and to create knowledge translation tools to enhance breastfeeding locally. METHODS: The study methodology followed three steps...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918760/risk-factors-protective-factors-and-current-recommendations-to-reduce-sudden-infant-death-syndrome-a-review
#20
Rebecca F Carlin, Rachel Y Moon
Importance: Sudden infant death syndrome remains the leading cause of death in infants aged 1 month to 1 year in the United States. Observations: While its exact cause is unknown, sudden infant death syndrome is believed to be multifactorial, ie, occurs in infants with underlying biological vulnerability who experience an exogenous stressor, such as prone/side sleeping or soft bedding, during a critical developmental period. Much genetic and physiologic evidence points to impaired arousal responses to hypercarbia and hypoxia, which ultimately leads to asphyxia...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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