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breastfeeding physiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337028/modifiable-risk-factors-of-maternal-postpartum-weight-retention-an-analysis-of-their-combined-impact-and-potential-opportunities-for-prevention
#1
J L Hollis, S R Crozier, H M Inskip, C Cooper, K M Godfrey, N C Harvey, C E Collins, S M Robinson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy triggers a physiological change in weight status. Postpartum weight retention in the childbearing years can substantially alter a woman's weight gain trajectory, with several potential contributing factors identified. Most research has relied on women's recall of pre-pregnancy weight during pregnancy or later, and not considered risk factors in combination. Using measured pre-pregnancy weight, this study aimed to examine the associations of maternal postpartum weight retention with parity, pre-pregnancy BMI, excessive gestational weight gain (GWG), maternal serum vitamin D concentration and dietary Glycaemic Index in early and late pregnancy and breastfeeding duration, including analysis of the combined impact of potentially modifiable risk factors...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329433/understanding-maternal-postpartum-needs-a-descriptive-survey-of-current-maternal-health-services
#2
Mona Ma Almalik
OBJECTIVE: To assess mothers' learning needs and concerns after giving birth and to examine whether these needs were met at 6-8 weeks postpartum. BACKGROUND: Women experience many physiologic and psychological changes during postpartum period which is considered a vital transitional time. Exploring and meeting women's needs help woman to pass this period with little complications and enhance health care provider's ability to provide appropriate care following childbirth...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326807/perception-of-not-having-enough-milk-and-actual-milk-production-of-first-time-breastfeeding-mothers-is-there-a-difference
#3
Roseline Galipeau, Louise Dumas, Mario Lepage
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived insufficient milk supply (PIMS) and actual insufficient milk supply (AIMS) and the relative contributions of physiological and psychosocial variables on both PIMS and AIMS of first-time breastfeeding mothers. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Data were collected among 123 breastfeeding mothers at a Canadian, French-speaking maternal care hospital. Birth events, breastfeeding practices, infant and maternal capacities, and PIMS and AIMS were collected at 48 hours after birth, postnatal weeks 2 and 6...
March 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284877/midwifery-continuity-of-carer-in-an-area-of-high-socio-economic-disadvantage-in-london-a-retrospective-analysis-of-albany-midwifery-practice-outcomes-using-routine-data-1997-2009
#4
Caroline Se Homer, Nicky Leap, Nadine Edwards, Jane Sandall
OBJECTIVE: in 1997, The Albany Midwifery Practice was established within King's College Hospital NHS Trust in a South East London area of high social disadvantage. The Albany midwives provided continuity of care to around 216 women per year, including those with obstetric, medical or social risk factors. In 2009, the Albany Midwifery Practice was closed in response to concerns about safety, amidst much publicity and controversy. The aim of this evaluation was to examine trends and outcomes for all mothers and babies who received care from the practice from 1997-2009...
February 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276733/record-of-nile-seasonality-in-nubian-neonates
#5
Céline Martin, Bruno Maureille, Romain Amiot, Alexandra Touzeau, Aurélien Royer, François Fourel, Gérard Panczer, Jean-Pierre Flandrois, Christophe Lécuyer
The oxygen isotope compositions of bones (n = 11) and teeth (n = 20) from 12 Sudanese individuals buried on Sai Island (Nubia) were analysed to investigate the registration of the evolution of the Nile environment from 3700 to 500 years BP and the potential effects of ontogeny on the oxygen isotope ratios. The isotopic compositions were converted into the composition of drinking water, ultimately originating from the Nile. δ(18)O values decrease during ontogeny; this is mainly related to breastfeeding and physiology...
September 22, 2016: Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249822/ethnobotanical-survey-of-herbal-tea-plants-from-the-traditional-markets-in-chaoshan-china
#6
Dong-Lin Li, Xi-Long Zheng, Lei Duan, Shuang-Wen Deng, Wen Ye, Ai-Hua Wang, Fu-Wu Xing
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herbal tea, which refers to "cooling tea", "cool beverage", or "liáng chá" in China, includes a range of drinks with heat-clearing and detoxification qualities. Herbal tea plants are great contributive to the health and prosperity of Chaoshan people. The aim of the study was to document herbal tea plant species used and commercialized as "liáng chá" in Chaoshan area, to facilitate the use and development of herbal tea enterprises, and to promote the further development of national herbal tea...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#7
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158283/characterisation-of-zinc-delivery-from-a-nipple-shield-delivery-system-using-a-breastfeeding-simulation-apparatus
#8
Rebekah L Scheuerle, Sylvaine F A Bruggraber, Stephen E Gerrard, Richard A Kendall, Catherine Tuleu, Nigel K H Slater
Zinc delivery from a nipple shield delivery system (NSDS), a novel platform for administering medicines to infants during breastfeeding, was characterised using a breastfeeding simulation apparatus. In this study, human milk at flow rates and pressures physiologically representative of breastfeeding passed through the NSDS loaded with zinc-containing rapidly disintegrating tablets, resulting in release of zinc into the milk. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry was used to detect the zinc released, using a method that does not require prior digestion of the samples and that could be applied in other zinc analysis studies in breast milk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134707/low-milk-supply-and-the-pediatrician
#9
Sarah W Riddle, Laurie A Nommsen-Rivers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Human milk is the optimal food for human infants, and provides many diverse and well described benefits for both mother and infant. Low milk supply, whether perceived or actual, is one of the most common reasons why mothers stop breastfeeding. Breastfeeding mothers often seek out the guidance and support of their pediatrician in evaluating and resolving milk production concerns. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence supports the importance of breastfeeding for maternal and child health in both developing and developed countries...
January 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074312/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-adherence-to-exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-among-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-women-in-jos-nigeria
#10
Bronwynè Coetzee, Mark Tomlinson, Sophia Osawe, Alash'le Amibiku, Ashraf Kagee
Objectives In Nigeria adherence to exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices is currently suboptimal and a better understanding of the factors affecting adherence to EBF is needed. We sought to identify and delineate the barriers to and facilitators of adherence to EBF amongst HIV-infected and uninfected women in Nigeria. Methods We explored the barriers and facilitators to EBF amongst 37 (25 HIV-infected and 12 HIV-uninfected) pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Jos, Nigeria. In-depth interviews were conducted with each of the pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy and again 1 month after giving birth...
January 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955652/early-skin-to-skin-contact-or-incubator-for-very-preterm-infants-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Laila Kristoffersen, Ragnhild Støen, Hilde Rygh, Margunn Sognnæs, Turid Follestad, Hilde S Mohn, Ingrid Nissen, Håkon Bergseng
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care immediately following delivery is a common practice for term infants and has been shown to improve cardiorespiratory stability, facilitate early bonding, and promote breastfeeding. Since 2007, the use of skin-to-skin care has been practiced for preterm infants from 32 weeks of gestation in the delivery room at St. Olav's University Hospital. In the present study we aim to investigate whether skin-to-skin care following delivery is safe, and how it affects early and late outcomes compared to standard care for very preterm infants...
December 12, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938644/creating-exclusive-breastfeeding-knowledge-translation-tools-with-first-nations-mothers-in-northwest-territories-canada
#12
Pertice Moffitt, Raissa Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an ideal method of infant feeding affecting lifelong health, and yet the uptake of breastfeeding in some Indigenous communities in Canada's north is low. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this project were to determine the rate and determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in a remote community in the Northwest Territories and to create knowledge translation tools to enhance breastfeeding locally. METHODS: The study methodology followed three steps...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918760/risk-factors-protective-factors-and-current-recommendations-to-reduce-sudden-infant-death-syndrome-a-review
#13
Rebecca F Carlin, Rachel Y Moon
Importance: Sudden infant death syndrome remains the leading cause of death in infants aged 1 month to 1 year in the United States. Observations: While its exact cause is unknown, sudden infant death syndrome is believed to be multifactorial, ie, occurs in infants with underlying biological vulnerability who experience an exogenous stressor, such as prone/side sleeping or soft bedding, during a critical developmental period. Much genetic and physiologic evidence points to impaired arousal responses to hypercarbia and hypoxia, which ultimately leads to asphyxia...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#14
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882659/interventions-for-women-who-have-a-caesarean-birth-to-increase-uptake-and-duration-of-breastfeeding-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Sarah Beake, Debra Bick, Cath Narracott, Yan-Shing Chang
Rates of breastfeeding uptake are lower after a caesarean birth than vaginal birth, despite caesarean rates increasing globally over the past 30 years, and many high-income countries reporting overall caesarean rates of above 25%. A number of factors are likely to be associated with women's infant feeding decisions following a caesarean birth such as limited postoperative mobility, postoperative pain, and ongoing management of medical complications that may have triggered the need for a caesarean birth. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence of interventions on the initiation and duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding among women who had a planned or unplanned caesarean birth...
November 24, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824939/factors-associated-with-maternal-serum-levels-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-organochlorines-a-descriptive-study-of-parous-women-in-norway-and-sweden
#16
Hilde B Lauritzen, Tricia L Larose, Torbjørn Øien, Jon Ø Odland, Margot van de Bor, Geir W Jacobsen, Torkjel M Sandanger
INTRODUCTION: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and organochlorines (OCs) are ubiquitous and persistent in the environment and proposed endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). They can be transferred across the placenta during pregnancy, and studies suggest that the prenatal period may be particularly sensitive for influences on fetal growth and development. Several studies have investigated socio-demographic and pregnancy related factors associated with maternal serum PFAS and OC levels, but few studies have been conducted in time periods with increasing emissions of PFASs and recent emissions of OCs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800619/vagal-regulation-in-breastfeeding-infants-and-their-mothers
#17
Kelsey M Quigley, Ginger A Moore, Cathi B Propper, Barbara D Goldman, Martha J Cox
Consistent with the gustatory-vagal hypothesis, vagal stimulation during breastfeeding may contribute to infants' physiological regulatory development independent of caregiving effects. This study examined whether breastfeeding predicted 6-month-old infants' (N = 151) and their mothers' vagal regulation during the face-to-face still-face (FFSF). Although breastfed and nonbreastfed infants showed expected vagal withdrawal during the Still-Face episode, only breastfed infants showed continued withdrawal during the reunion episode, suggesting greater physiological mobilization to repair the interaction...
November 1, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792244/breastfeeding-for-procedural-pain-in-infants-beyond-the-neonatal-period
#18
REVIEW
Denise Harrison, Jessica Reszel, Mariana Bueno, Margaret Sampson, Vibhuti S Shah, Anna Taddio, Catherine Larocque, Lucy Turner
BACKGROUND: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) show that breastfeeding newborn infants during painful procedures reduces pain. Mechanisms are considered to be multifactorial and include sucking, skin-to-skin contact, warmth, rocking, sound and smell of the mother, and possibly endogenous opiates present in the breast milk. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of breastfeeding on procedural pain in infants beyond the neonatal period (first 28 days of life) up to one year of age compared to no intervention, placebo, parental holding, skin-to-skin contact, expressed breast milk, formula milk, bottle feeding, sweet-tasting solutions (e...
October 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782765/association-of-postpartum-predischarge-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-with-in-hospital-breastfeeding-initiation
#19
Dinah Chen, Elena Fuell Wysong, Hong Li, Lisa Perriera, Lydia Furman
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between postpartum predischarge depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (ppDMPA) and in-hospital breastfeeding initiation, and the secondary exploratory aim was to determine if any racial disparities are associated with ppDMPA receipt or its relationship to breastfeeding initiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective chart review of maternal and newborn records at a large urban academic medical center...
December 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765653/the-kangaroo-mother-care-method-from-scientific-evidence-generated-in-colombia-to-worldwide-practice
#20
Nathalie Charpak, Juan Gabriel Ruiz
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is a human-based care intervention devised to complement neonatal care for low birth weight and premature infants. Kangaroo position (skin-to-skin contact on the mother's chest) offers thermal regulation, physiological stability, appropriate stimulation, and enhances bonding and breastfeeding. Kangaroo nutrition is based on breastfeeding, and kangaroo discharge policy relies on family empowerment and early discharge in kangaroo position with close ambulatory follow-up. We describe how the evidence has been developed and how it has been put into practice by means of direct preterm infants care and dissemination of the method, including training of KMC excellence centers in many countries not only in Latin America but worldwide...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
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