keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

breastfeeding physiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#1
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882659/interventions-for-women-who-have-a-caesarean-birth-to-increase-uptake-and-duration-of-breastfeeding-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Sarah Beake, Debra Bick, Cath Narracott, Yan-Shing Chang
Rates of breastfeeding uptake are lower after a caesarean birth than vaginal birth, despite caesarean rates increasing globally over the past 30 years, and many high-income countries reporting overall caesarean rates of above 25%. A number of factors are likely to be associated with women's infant feeding decisions following a caesarean birth such as limited postoperative mobility, postoperative pain, and ongoing management of medical complications that may have triggered the need for a caesarean birth. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence of interventions on the initiation and duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding among women who had a planned or unplanned caesarean birth...
November 24, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824939/factors-associated-with-maternal-serum-levels-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-organochlorines-a-descriptive-study-of-parous-women-in-norway-and-sweden
#3
Hilde B Lauritzen, Tricia L Larose, Torbjørn Øien, Jon Ø Odland, Margot van de Bor, Geir W Jacobsen, Torkjel M Sandanger
INTRODUCTION: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and organochlorines (OCs) are ubiquitous and persistent in the environment and proposed endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). They can be transferred across the placenta during pregnancy, and studies suggest that the prenatal period may be particularly sensitive for influences on fetal growth and development. Several studies have investigated socio-demographic and pregnancy related factors associated with maternal serum PFAS and OC levels, but few studies have been conducted in time periods with increasing emissions of PFASs and recent emissions of OCs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800619/vagal-regulation-in-breastfeeding-infants-and-their-mothers
#4
Kelsey M Quigley, Ginger A Moore, Cathi B Propper, Barbara D Goldman, Martha J Cox
Consistent with the gustatory-vagal hypothesis, vagal stimulation during breastfeeding may contribute to infants' physiological regulatory development independent of caregiving effects. This study examined whether breastfeeding predicted 6-month-old infants' (N = 151) and their mothers' vagal regulation during the face-to-face still-face (FFSF). Although breastfed and nonbreastfed infants showed expected vagal withdrawal during the Still-Face episode, only breastfed infants showed continued withdrawal during the reunion episode, suggesting greater physiological mobilization to repair the interaction...
November 1, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792244/breastfeeding-for-procedural-pain-in-infants-beyond-the-neonatal-period
#5
REVIEW
Denise Harrison, Jessica Reszel, Mariana Bueno, Margaret Sampson, Vibhuti S Shah, Anna Taddio, Catherine Larocque, Lucy Turner
BACKGROUND: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) show that breastfeeding newborn infants during painful procedures reduces pain. Mechanisms are considered to be multifactorial and include sucking, skin-to-skin contact, warmth, rocking, sound and smell of the mother, and possibly endogenous opiates present in the breast milk. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of breastfeeding on procedural pain in infants beyond the neonatal period (first 28 days of life) up to one year of age compared to no intervention, placebo, parental holding, skin-to-skin contact, expressed breast milk, formula milk, bottle feeding, sweet-tasting solutions (e...
October 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782765/association-of-postpartum-predischarge-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-with-in-hospital-breastfeeding-initiation
#6
Dinah Chen, Elena Fuell Wysong, Hong Li, Lisa Perriera, Lydia Furman
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between postpartum predischarge depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (ppDMPA) and in-hospital breastfeeding initiation, and the secondary exploratory aim was to determine if any racial disparities are associated with ppDMPA receipt or its relationship to breastfeeding initiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective chart review of maternal and newborn records at a large urban academic medical center...
October 26, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765653/the-kangaroo-mother-care-method-from-scientific-evidence-generated-in-colombia-to-worldwide-practice
#7
Nathalie Charpak, Juan Gabriel Ruiz
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is a human-based care intervention devised to complement neonatal care for low birth weight and premature infants. Kangaroo position (skin-to-skin contact on the mother's chest) offers thermal regulation, physiological stability, appropriate stimulation and enhances bonding and breastfeeding. Kangaroo nutrition is based on breastfeeding and kangaroo discharge policy relies on family empowerment and early discharge in kangaroo position with close ambulatory follow-up. We describe how the evidence has been developed, and how it has been put into practice by means of direct preterm infants care and dissemination of the method, including training of KMC excellence centers in many countries not only in Latin America but worldwide...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732906/conflict-or-congruence-maternal-and-infant-centric-factors-associated-with-shorter-exclusive-breastfeeding-durations-among-the-tsimane
#8
Melanie A Martin, Geni Garcia, Hillard S Kaplan, Michael D Gurven
Six months of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is considered optimal for infant health, though globally most infants begin complementary feeding (CF) earlier-including among populations that practice prolonged breastfeeding. Two frameworks for understanding patterns of early CF emerge in the literature. In the first, maternal and infant needs trade-off, as "maternal-centric" factors-related to time and energy demands, reproductive investment, cultural influences, and structural barriers- favor supplanting breastfeeding with earlier and increased CF...
October 6, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699765/non-nutritive-sucking-for-increasing-physiologic-stability-and-nutrition-in-preterm-infants
#9
Jann P Foster, Kim Psaila, Tiffany Patterson
BACKGROUND: Non-nutritive sucking (NNS) is used during gavage feeding and in the transition from gavage to breast/bottle feeding in preterm infants to improve the development of sucking behavior and the digestion of enteral feedings. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-nutritive sucking on physiologic stability and nutrition in preterm infants. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to 25 February 2016), Embase (1980 to 25 February 2016), and CINAHL (1982 to 25 February 2016)...
October 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686681/mimicking-the-impact-of-infant-tongue-peristalsis-on-behavior-of-solid-oral-dosage-forms-administered-during-breastfeeding
#10
Rebekah L Scheuerle, Richard A Kendall, Catherine Tuleu, Nigel K H Slater, Stephen E Gerrard
An in vitro simulation system was developed to study the effect of an infant's peristaltic tongue motion during breastfeeding on oral rapidly disintegrating tablets in the mouth, for use in rapid product candidate screening. These tablets are being designed for use inside a modified nipple shield worn by a mother during breastfeeding, a proposed novel platform technology to administer drugs and nutrients to breastfeeding infants. In this study, the release of a model compound, sulforhodamine B, from tablet formulations was studied under physiologically relevant forces induced by compression and rotation of a tongue mimic...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648997/successful-breastfeeding-a-global-intervention-for-a-physiological-process
#11
M F Corona, P Cataldi, G Zaccagnini, S Maddaluno, V Capone, A Conti, D Carlucci, S Silvano, A Bertone, Stefano Parmigiani
In our perinatal unit we applied the ten steps of WHO/UNICEF for Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative and evaluated the percentage of exclusive (EBF) or complementary breastfeeding (CBF), and of formula fed (FF) healthy full-term infants (HFI) at hospital discharge (HD). HFI performing EBF at HD were 85.3%, a quite high value. At the age of 3 mths EBF percentage ranged between 59-62.4%, and at 6 mths it decreased to 51.7-37.7%. Customer satisfaction questionnaire at HD ranked "good" to "very good" in 92.8%. Causes of breastfeeding reduction with time and comparison with previous and actual situation in Italy and civilized countries are discussed...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641441/gut-instincts-microbiota-as-a-key-regulator-of-brain-development-ageing-and-neurodegeneration
#12
Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
There is a growing realisation that the gut-brain axis and its regulation by the microbiota may play a key role in the biological and physiological basis of neurodevelopmental, age-related and neurodegenerative disorders. The routes of communication between the microbiota and brain are being unravelled and include the vagus nerve, gut hormone signalling, the immune system, tryptophan metabolism or by way of microbial metabolites such as short chain fatty acids. The importance of early life gut microbiota in shaping future health outcomes is also emerging...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611021/promoting-breast-milk-nutrition-in-infants-with-cleft-lip-and-or-palate
#13
Nicole Diane L Burca, Sheila M Gephart, Connie Miller, Catherine Cote
BACKGROUND: The orofacial defect of cleft lip/palate (CL/P) involves an altered physiological anatomy that affects the infant's feeding ability. Infants have cleft lip (CL), cleft palate (CP), or both (CL/P). Dysfunction in the seal, as with cleft lip, or in the ability to coordinate muscle movement to generate negative pressure, as with cleft palate, leads to feeding issues that may compromise growth and affect bonding. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to present (1) scientific evidence that supports clinical feeding practices for the infant with CL/P and (2) teaching strategies for staff and parents...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577968/cup-feeding-versus-other-forms-of-supplemental-enteral-feeding-for-newborn-infants-unable-to-fully-breastfeed
#14
REVIEW
Anndrea Flint, Karen New, Mark W Davies
BACKGROUND: Breast milk provides optimal nutrition for term and preterm infants, and the ideal way for infants to receive breast milk is through suckling at the breast. Unfortunately, this may not always be possible for medical or physiological reasons such as being born sick or preterm and as a result requiring supplemental feeding. Currently, there are various ways in which infants can receive supplemental feeds. Traditionally in neonatal and maternity units, bottles and nasogastric tubes have been used; however, cup feeding is becoming increasingly popular as a means of offering supplemental feeds in an attempt to improve breastfeeding rates...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574798/early-additional-food-and-fluids-for-healthy-breastfed-full-term-infants
#15
REVIEW
Hazel A Smith, Genevieve E Becker
BACKGROUND: Health organisations recommend exclusive breastfeeding for six months. However, the addition of other fluids or foods before six months is common in many countries. Recently, research has suggested that introducing solid food at around four months of age while the baby continues to breastfeed is more protective against developing food allergies compared to exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Other studies have shown that the risks associated with non-exclusive breastfeeding are dependent on the type of additional food or fluid given...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566575/peptidome-analysis-of-human-milk-from-women-delivering-macrosomic-fetuses-reveals-multiple-means-of-protection-for-infants
#16
Xianwei Cui, Yun Li, Lei Yang, Lianghui You, Xing Wang, Chunmei Shi, Chenbo Ji, Xirong Guo
Breastfeeding is associated with a lower incidence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease later in life. While macrosomic infants have a higher risk of developing obesity and other metabolic disorders. Breast milk may contain special nutrients to meet the different growth needs of different infants. Whether mothers make breast milk different to meet the requirement of macrosomic infants is still unknown. Here, we conducted a comparison between mothers delivering macrosomic and non-macrosomic infants in colostrum endogenous peptides...
August 23, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538043/in-hospital-morbidity-and-brain-metrics-of-preterm-neonates-born-1998-2009
#17
Sarah L Harris, Nicola C Austin, Malcolm Battin, Roland Broadbent, John Horwood, Ross Keenan, Scott Wells, Carole Spencer, Patricia Graham, Lianne J Woodward, Brian A Darlow
AIMS: To describe the survival, in-hospital morbidity, brain metrics and two-year neurodevelopmental outcomes of two extremely preterm cohorts and discuss the contribution of changes in clinical practice to these outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective comparative cohort study, of two cohorts of neonates born <28 weeks gestation: 47 infants born 1998-2000 and 39 infants 2006-2009. RESULTS: Comparing historical to the contemporary cohort respectively, admission temperature (35...
2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508412/the-great-irish-famine-identifying-starvation-in-the-tissues-of-victims-using-stable-isotope-analysis-of-bone-and-incremental-dentine-collagen
#18
Julia Beaumont, Janet Montgomery
The major components of human diet both past and present may be estimated by measuring the carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios (δ13C and δ15N) of the collagenous proteins in bone and tooth dentine. However, the results from these two tissues differ substantially: bone collagen records a multi-year average whilst primary dentine records and retains time-bound isotope ratios deriving from the period of tooth development. Recent studies harnessing a sub-annual temporal sampling resolution have shed new light on the individual dietary histories of our ancestors by identifying unexpected radical short-term dietary changes, the duration of breastfeeding and migration where dietary change occurs, and by raising questions regarding factors other than diet that may impact on δ13C and δ15N values...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502807/massage-as-adjuvant-therapy-in-the-management-of-post-cesarean-pain-and-anxiety-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Sussan Saatsaz, Rozita Rezaei, Abbas Alipour, Zahra Beheshti
OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to determine the effect of massage on post-cesarean pain and anxiety. METHODS: The present single-blind clinical trial was conducted on 156 primiparous women undergone elective cesarean section. The participants were randomly divided into three groups, including a hand and foot massage group, a foot massage group and a control group (n = 52 per group). The patients' intensity of pain, vital signs and anxiety level were measured before, immediately after and 90 min after the massage...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448308/breast-cancer-epidemic-in-the-early-twenty-first-century-evaluation-of-risk-factors-cumulative-questionnaires-and-recommendations-for-preventive-measures
#20
Olga Golubnitschaja, Manuel Debald, Kristina Yeghiazaryan, Walther Kuhn, Martin Pešta, Vincenzo Costigliola, Godfrey Grech
Rapidly increasing incidence of breast cancer is a new social challenge resulting from a spectrum of internal and external risk factors which appear to be well accepted as an attribute of the early twenty-first century, being, however, new for female sub-populations compared to the past. These include altered socio-economical conditions such as occupational exposure, rotating shift work, specific environmental factors (increased pollution and environmental toxicity, altered dietary habits, quality and composition of meal) as well as consequently shifted and/or adapted physiologic factors such as lower age at menarche, late age of first full-term pregnancy, if any, shorter periods of breastfeeding and later menopause...
July 22, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
keyword
keyword
48302
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"