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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102526/hormonal-and-reproductive-factors-and-the-risk-of-ovarian-cancer
#1
Anita Koushik, Anne Grundy, Michal Abrahamowicz, Jocelyne Arseneau, Lucy Gilbert, Walter H Gotlieb, Julie Lacaille, Anne-Marie Mes-Masson, Marie-Élise Parent, Diane M Provencher, Lesley Richardson, Jack Siemiatycki
PURPOSE: Hormone-related factors have been associated with ovarian cancer, the strongest being parity and oral contraceptive use. Given reductions in birth rates and increases in oral contraceptive use over time, associations in more recent birth cohorts may differ. Furthermore, consideration of ovarian cancer heterogeneity (i.e., Type I/II invasive cancers) may contribute to a better understanding of etiology. We examined hormone-related factors in relation to ovarian cancer risk overall, for Type I and Type II cancers, as well as borderline tumors...
January 19, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101997/the-ecology-of-anemia-anemia-prevalence-and-correlated-factors-in-adult-indigenous-women-in-argentina
#2
Laura G Goetz, Claudia Valeggia
OBJECTIVES: The Toba/Qom of Namqom are an indigenous community native to the Gran Chaco region of northern Argentina. Historically seminomadic foragers, the diet of peri-urban community members has rapidly changed from high-protein, high-fiber to hypercaloric, processed. This study aims to understand the impact of this nutritional transition on aspects of women's health by exploring the relationship between prevalence of anemia and current diet composition, place of birth, and reproductive history...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101917/imaging-in-gynecological-disease-clinical-and-ultrasound-features-of-invasive-and-non-invasive-malignant-serous-ovarian-tumors
#3
F Moro, C Baima Poma, G F Zannoni, A Vidal Urbinati, T Pasciuto, M Ludovisi, M C Moruzzi, S Carinelli, D Franchi, G Scambia, A C Testa
OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical and ultrasound features of different subclasses of malignant serous ovarian tumors according to the WHO 2014 classification. METHODS: Patients with a histological diagnosis of borderline (BOT), non-invasive and invasive low grade serous carcinomas (LGSC) and high grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), who had undergone preoperative ultrasound examination, were retrospectively identified from two ultrasound centers. The masses were described using the terms of the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group...
January 19, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101905/mapping-the-road-from-childhood-adversity-to-personality-disorder-the-role-of-unresolved-states-of-mind
#4
Antonella Cirasola, Saul Hillman, Peter Fonagy, Marco Chiesa
Childhood adversity has been found to be an important aetiological factor in the development of personality disorder (PD) in several studies. However, the role of disorganized attachment with unresolved mental states for traumatic experiences requires further investigation. This study explores the relationship between childhood adversities, unresolved states of mind, PD diagnosis and psychiatric distress. Two hundred forty-five adult participants, 124 from a clinical PD group and 121 non-psychiatric controls were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Cassel Baseline Questionnaire, the Symptom Checklist-90-R and the Adult Attachment Interview, in order to ascertain presence of PD, childhood adversity, level of psychiatric distress and unresolved states of mind...
January 19, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101133/temperament-and-character-traits-in-female-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Taru Tschan, Claudia Peter-Ruf, Marc Schmid, Tina In-Albon
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character traits of adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI) might differentiate those- with and without comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: Participants were 57 female adolescents with NSSI disorder without BPD (NSSI - BPD), 14 adolescents with NSSI disorder and BPD (NSSI + BPD), 32 clinical controls (CC), and 64 nonclinical controls (NC). Temperament and character traits were assessed with the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, and impulsivity with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and a Go/NoGo task...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101030/mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-the-breast-found-during-treatment-of-lymphoma
#6
Minoru Fujino, Daisuke Mori, Michiaki Akashi, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Hitoshi Aibe, Kunishige Matake, Kengo Shirahane
A 71-year-old woman, previously treated for malignant lymphoma, was admitted to our hospital with a tumor in the right breast. The tumor size was 2.0 cm in diameter, and the borderline was unclear. The core needle biopsy material revealed an invasive adenocarcinoma with metaplastic change. Right mastectomy and sentinel lymph node biopsy was performed. Histologically, the tumor was composed of mucus-secreting, epidermoid, and intermediate cells. These findings confirmed the diagnosis as mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the breast...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100114/borderline-personality-disorder-and-the-ethics-of-risk-management
#7
Dan Warrender
Patients with borderline personality disorder are frequent users of inpatient mental health units, with inpatient crisis intervention often used based on the risk of suicide. However, this can present an ethical dilemma for nursing and medical staff, with these clinician responses shifting between the moral principles of beneficence and non-maleficence, dependent on the outcomes of the actions of containing or tolerating risk. This article examines the use of crisis intervention through moral duties, intentions and consequences, culminating in an action/consequence model of risk management, used to explore potential outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098566/comprehensive-surgical-orthodontic-treatment-of-class-iii-malocclusion-in-cleft-patient-involving-minimally-invasive-surgery-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Goran Stojkovic, Miodrag Stojkovic, Jasna Stojkovic, Dejan Nikolic, Zoran Stajcic
AIM: Surgical and orthodontic treatment of a teenage cleft patient. CASE REPORT: Authors describe the case of a 13 year old female cleft patient presented with class III malocclusion RESULT: The patient underwent comprehensive surgical secondary bone grafting and orthodontic treatment. Stable skeletal and occlusal class I relationship was achived and maintained in the post treatment observation period till the age of 16. DISCUSSION: Although several authors suggests primary gingivoperiosteoplasty, other advocates that such early intervention can cause later restrictions in maxillary growth...
December 19, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097379/t1-bright-appendix-sign-to-exclude-acute-appendicitis-in-pregnant-women
#9
Ilah Shin, Chansik An, Joon Seok Lim, Myeong-Jin Kim, Yong Eun Chung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of the T1 bright appendix sign for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 125 pregnant women with suspected appendicitis who underwent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The T1 bright appendix sign was defined as a high intensity signal filling more than half length of the appendix on T1-weighted imaging. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the T1 bright appendix sign for normal appendix identification were calculated in all patients and in those with borderline-sized appendices (6-7 mm)...
January 17, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094214/primary-intraosseous-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-mandible-a-comprehensive-review-and-analysis-of-four-new-cases-with-emphasis-on-morphologic-immunophenotypic-and-molecular-characteristics
#10
Jing Han, Ting Gu, Xi Yang, Longwei Hu, Ronghui Xia, Zhen Tian, Jiang Li, Ling Zhu, Liqun Xu, Chunye Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively review the clinical manifestations, imaging, diagnosis, treatment, and pathologic features of primary intraosseous adenoid cystic carcinoma (PIACC) of the mandible and analyze PIACC histopathology and molecular features in four cases. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the literature and retrospectively studied four cases of PIACC. RESULTS: The clinical and imaging findings of PIACC are similar to other malignant or borderline-malignant mandible tumors...
November 11, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093926/oestradiol-treatment-for-mood-stabilisation-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Jasmin Grigg, Caroline Thew, Jayashri Kulkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093411/age-and-sex-related-influences-on-left-ventricular-mechanics-in-elderly-individuals-free-of-prevalent-heart-failure-the-aric-study-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities
#12
Chung-Lieh Hung, Alexandra Gonçalves, Amil M Shah, Susan Cheng, Dalane Kitzman, Scott D Solomon
BACKGROUND: Advanced age is related to left ventricular (LV) remodeling. We sought to investigate the relationships between aging, elevated hemodynamic load, cardiac mechanics, and LV remodeling in an elderly community-based population. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1105 subjects (76±5 years, 61% women) without prevalent heart failure, who attended the visit 5 of the ARIC study (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities). LV global longitudinal strain, global circumferential strain, and torsion indices were analyzed using 3-dimensional echocardiography...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092217/development-construct-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-a-field-based-wheelchair-mobility-performance-test-for-wheelchair-basketball
#13
Annemarie M H de Witte, Marco J M Hoozemans, Monique A M Berger, Rienk M A van der Slikke, Lucas H V van der Woude, Dirkjan H E J Veeger
The aim of this study was to develop and describe a wheelchair mobility performance test in wheelchair basketball and to assess its construct validity and reliability. To mimic mobility performance of wheelchair basketball matches in a standardised manner, a test was designed based on observation of wheelchair basketball matches and expert judgement. Forty-six players performed the test to determine its validity and 23 players performed the test twice for reliability. Independent-samples t-tests were used to assess whether the times needed to complete the test were different for classifications, playing standards and sex...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091728/value-of-nonrigid-registration-of-pre-procedure-mr-with-post-procedure-ct-after-radiofrequency-ablation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Juil Park, Jeong Min Lee, Dong Ho Lee, Ijin Joo, Jeong Hee Yoon, Jin Young Park, Ernst Klotz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of pre-radiofrequency ablation (RFA) MR and post-RFA CT registration for the assessment of the therapeutic response of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 178 patients with single HCC who received RFA as an initial treatment and had available pre-RFA MR and post-RFA CT images were included in this retrospective study. Two independent readers (one experienced radiologist, one inexperienced radiologist) scored the ablative margin (AM) of treated tumors on a four-point scale (1, residual tumor; 2, incomplete AM; 3, borderline AM; 4, sufficient AM), in two separate sessions: (1) visual comparison between pre-and post-RFA images; (2) with addition of nonrigid registration for pre- and post-RFA images...
January 13, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089484/dosimetric-parameters-correlate-with-duodenal-histopathologic-damage-after-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-pancreatic-cancer-secondary-analysis-of-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#15
Vivek Verma, Audrey J Lazenby, Dandan Zheng, Abhijeet R Bhirud, Quan P Ly, Chandrakanth Are, Aaron R Sasson, Chi Lin
PURPOSE: Prospectively assess relationships between dosimetric parameters and histopathologic/clinical duodenal toxicities in patients on a phase I trial for pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Forty-six borderline resectable/unresectable patients were enrolled on a prospective trial testing neoadjuvant gemcitabine/5-fluorouracil followed by SBRT (5 daily fractions of 5-8Gy) and concurrent nelfinavir. Post-SBRT surgery was performed in 13 resectable patients, which constituted the patient population herein...
January 12, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089214/prevalence-of-chronic-pancreatitis-results-of-a-primary-care-physician-based-population-study
#16
Gabriele Capurso, Livia Archibugi, Piera Pasquali, Alessandro Aceti, Paolo Balducci, Patrizia Bianchi, Francesco Buono, Stefano Camerucci, Rosanna Cantarini, Sergio Centofanti, Patrizia Colantonio, Riccarda Cremaschi, Sergio Crescenzi, Caterina Di Mauro, Davide Di Renzi, Andrea Filabozzi, Alfonso Fiorillo, Giuseppe Giancaspro, Paola Giovannetti, Giuseppe Lanna, Claudio Medori, Emilio Merletti, Enzo Nunnari, Francesca Paris, Marco Pavone, Angela Piacenti, Almerindo Rossi, Maria Cristina Scamuffa, Giovanni Spinelli, Marco Taborchi, Biagio Valente, Antonella Villanova, Alberto Chiriatti, Gianfranco Delle Fave
BACKGROUND: Data on chronic pancreatitis prevalence are scanty and usually limited to hospital-based studies. AIM: Investigating chronic pancreatitis prevalence in primary care. METHODS: Participating primary care physicians reported the prevalence of chronic pancreatitis among their registered patients, environmental factors and disease characteristics. The data were centrally reviewed and chronic pancreatitis cases defined according to M-ANNHEIM criteria for diagnosis and severity and TIGAR-O classification for etiology...
December 27, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088920/cardiac-strain-findings-in-children-with-latent-rheumatic-heart-disease-detected-by-echocardiographic-screening
#17
Andrea Beaton, Hedda Richards, Michelle Ploutz, Lasya Gaur, Twalib Aliku, Peter Lwabi, Greg Ensing, Craig Sable
BACKGROUND: Identification of patients with latent rheumatic heart disease by echocardiography presents a unique opportunity to prevent disease progression. Myocardial strain is a more sensitive indicator of cardiac performance than traditional measures of systolic function. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that abnormalities in myocardial strain may be present in children with latent rheumatic heart disease. METHODS: Standard echocardiography images with electrocardiogram gating were obtained from Ugandan children found to have latent rheumatic heart disease as well as control subjects...
January 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088692/evaluation-of-motor-and-cognitive-development-among-infants-exposed-to-hiv
#18
Kaitiana Martins da Silva, Cristina Dos Santos Cardoso de Sá, Raquel Carvalho
This study of a prospective and cross-sectional nature compared the motor and cognitive development of HIV-exposed and unexposed infants in their first 18months of age. 40 infants exposed to HIV and antiretroviral therapy (Experimental Group - EG) and 40 unexposed infants (Control Group - CG) participated in the study. They were divided into four age groups of 4, 8, 12 and 18months old, with 10 infants from EG and 10 from CG in each group. The infants were evaluated once on motor and cognitive development by the Bayley Scale of Infant and Toddler Development...
January 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088245/the-value-of-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-in-characterizing-complex-ovarian-tumors
#19
Hai-Ming Li, Jin-Wei Qiang, Feng-Hua Ma, Shu-Hui Zhao
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to investigate the utility of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) in the differentiation of malignant, borderline, and benign complex ovarian tumors. METHODS: DCE-MRI data of 102 consecutive complex ovarian tumors (benign 15, borderline 16, and malignant 71), confirmed by surgery and histopathology, were analyzed retrospectively. The patterns (I, II, and III) of time-signal intensity curve (TIC) and three semi-quantitative parameters, including enhancement amplitude (EA), maximal slope (MS), and time of half rising (THR), were evaluated and compared among benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian tumors...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088222/clinical-importance-of-personality-difficulties-diagnostically-sub-threshold-personality-disorders
#20
Max Karukivi, Tero Vahlberg, Kalle Horjamo, Minna Nevalainen, Jyrki Korkeila
BACKGROUND: Current categorical classification of personality disorders has been criticized for overlooking the dimensional nature of personality and that it may miss some sub-threshold personality disturbances of clinical significance. We aimed to evaluate the clinical importance of these conditions. For this, we used a simple four-level dimensional categorization based on the severity of personality disturbance. METHODS: The sample consisted of 352 patients admitted to mental health services...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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