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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933888/identifying-stable-variants-of-callous-unemotional-traits-a-longitudinal-study-of-at-risk-girls
#1
Natalie Goulter, Eva R Kimonis, Samuel W Hawes, Stephanie Stepp, Alison E Hipwell
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have proven important for designating children and adolescents showing a pattern of particularly severe, stable, and aggressive antisocial behaviors (Frick, Ray, Thornton, & Kahn, 2014). Individuals with secondary CU traits represent a subpopulation that are distinguished from those with primary CU traits by their high anxiety levels and marked histories of social/environmental adversity; however, evidence is largely based on cross-sectional male samples and this study is the first to examine stable trajectories of CU variants among an all-girl population...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932963/echocardiographic-screening-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-american-samoa
#2
Jennifer H Huang, Michael Favazza, Arthur Legg, Kathryn W Holmes, Laurie Armsby, Ipuniuesea Eliapo-Unutoa, Thomas Pilgrim, Erin J Madriago
While rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a treatable disease nearly eradicated in the United States, it remains the most common form of acquired heart disease in the developing world. This study used echocardiographic screening to determine the prevalence of RHD in children in American Samoa. Screening took place at a subset of local schools. Private schools were recruited and public schools underwent cluster randomization based on population density. We collected survey information and performed a limited physical examination and echocardiogram using the World Heart Federation protocol for consented school children aged 5-18 years old...
September 20, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932807/brain-metastasis-in-advanced-serous-borderline-tumor-of-the-ovary-a-case-presentation
#3
Madhuri Martin, Rachel N Grisham, Gulisa Turashvili, Darragh F Halpenny, Carol A Aghajanian, Vicky Makker
•Brain metastasis is an extremely rare secondary site of ovarian cancer metastasis.•Serous borderline tumor with brain metastasis has not been previously reported.•This is a rare case of brain metastasis in a patient with advanced serous borderline tumor.
November 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931350/sex-differences-in-associations-of-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-with-left-ventricular-function-and-geometry
#4
Zi Ye, Patricia A Pellikka, Iftikhar J Kullo
The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a measure of global arterial stiffness. We hypothesized that CAVI is associated with left ventricular (LV) function and geometry in individuals without structural heart disease. We measured CAVI in 600 participants (mean age 60.3±14.6 years, 54% men) without history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease who were referred for transthoracic echocardiography. Linear regression analysis was used to assess the association of CAVI with LV function (peak mitral annular systolic s' and early diastolic velocity e') and structure (LV mass index (LVMI) and relative wall thickness (RWT))...
September 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930625/ectopic-adrenal-tissue-associated-with-borderline-mucinous-cystadenoma-of-ovary-a-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#5
Kah Teik Chew, Muhammad Azrai Abu, Yulianty Arifuddin, Nor Azlin Mohamed Ismail, Noor Ain Mohd Nasir, Fazarina Mohammed, Abdul Ghani Nur Azurah
Ectopic adrenal tissue in the ovary is a rare entity. We reported a case of ectopic adrenal tissue in borderline mucinous cystadenoma of the left ovary. A 22 year-old student presented with progressive abdomen distension associated with discomfort for 3 months. Imaging investigation was suggestive of mucinous left ovarian cyst. Left salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and the histopathology revealed borderline mucinous cystadenoma with an incidental finding of ectopic adrenal tissue. This is an interesting case because of its rarity and potential risk of neoplasm changes...
September 20, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930181/ambient-air-pollution-and-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-short-term-exposure-assessment-in-south-china
#6
Pi Guo, Yulin Wang, Wenru Feng, Jiagang Wu, Chuanxi Fu, Hai Deng, Jun Huang, Li Wang, Murui Zheng, Huazhang Liu
Data on the association between air pollution and risk of ischemic stroke in China are still limited. This study aimed to investigate the association between short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and risk of ischemic strokes in Guangzhou, the most densely-populated city in south China, using a large-scale multicenter database of stroke hospital admissions. Daily counts of ischemic stroke admissions over the study years 2013-2015 were obtained from the Guangzhou Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease Event Surveillance System...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928856/the-putative-role-of-tp53-alterations-and-p53-expression-in-borderline-ovarian-tumors-correlation-with-clinicopathological-features-and-prognosis-a-mini-review
#7
REVIEW
Andrzej Semczuk, Marek Gogacz, Anna Semczuk-Sikora, Maciej Jóźwik, Tomasz Rechberger
Borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) represent an independent group among ovarian malignancies, being diagnosed at clinical stage earlier than invasive ovarian carcinomas (OCs) and characterized by a rather favorable outcome after careful surgical management. Data published worldwide showed a substantial discordance of p53 expression in BOTs. The purpose of this work was to present the current status of knowledge on the significance of TP53 gene and p53 protein product alterations in BOTs. In general, higher p53 expression patterns were reported for ovarian malignancies compared to BOTs...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927866/efficacy-of-metacognitive-training-for-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-preliminary-results
#8
Lisa Schilling, Steffen Moritz, Levente Kriston, Maria Krieger, Matthias Nagel
'Metacognitive training for borderline personality disorder' (B-MCT) represents a complementary group intervention. It aims at raising awareness for cognitive biases that may play an important role in the development and maintenance of borderline symptomatology. For the present study, we evaluated the effectiveness of this new approach against a control condition. Seventy-four inpatients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) were randomly assigned to metacognitive training for BPD or progressive muscle relaxation training as an add-on intervention to treatment as usual...
September 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927093/detailed-analysis-of-a-superficial-cd34-positive-fibroblastic-tumor-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Kensaku Yamaga, Akihiro Fujita, Mari Osaki, Satoshi Kuwamoto, Naoko Ishiguro, Tadahito Yamamoto, Hideki Nagashima
Superficial cluster of differentiation (CD)34-positive fibroblastic tumor (SCPFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm of borderline malignancy. It is characterized by a superficial location, marked cellular pleomorphism, an extremely low incidence of mitotic figures, and strong CD34 immunohistochemical positivity. As SCPFT is a recently described neoplasm, its characteristics are yet to be fully elucidated. To the best of our knowledge, no detailed studies regarding the imaging findings and cytogenetic analyses of SCPFTs exist...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926304/substance-use-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Franco Scalzo, Carol A Hulbert, Jennifer K Betts, Sue M Cotton, Andrew M Chanen
Co-occurring substance misuse and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adults is associated with more severe dysfunction and poorer prognosis than BPD alone. However, it is unknown to what extent substance use in youth with BPD is normative for this age group or pathological. This study compared substance use in 117 help-seeking youth (aged 15-25 years) with their first presentation for treatment of BPD, with an epidemiological general population sample and with healthy, age- and gender-matched controls...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926303/subgroups-of-adolescent-girls-with-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms
#11
Claire Slavin-Stewart, Khrista Boylan, Jeffrey D Burke
The aim of this study was to determine whether borderline personality disorder (BPD) can be differentiated from other disorders in a clinical sample of adolescent girls. Participants (N = 75) were grouped based on the pattern of BPD symptom endorsement using a latent class analysis. Four latent classes were identified. The most impaired class endorsed seven BPD symptoms and an average of three comorbid disorders. An intermediate class endorsed three BPD symptoms and had the highest prevalence of PTSD (41.7%)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925490/multi-detector-spiral-ct-diagnosis-of-common-bile-duct-ampullary-carcinoma
#12
D-Z Zhao, Y Guo, Y-P Sun, H-M Liu, Z Zhang, Q-L Ma, Y-S Wang, C-L Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project was to study the imaging characteristics of multi-detector CT (MDCT) in different types of malignant tumor in the common bile duct ampulla. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined 30 cases of pancreatic head cancer, 35 of terminal cholangiocarcinoma, 26 of ampullary carcinoma, and 40 of benign lesions, all confirmed by pathology. We used 64-slice spiral CT plain scan and multi-phase enhanced scan with multi-planar reconstruction (MPR) and curved planar reconstruction (CPR) post-processing to obtain three-dimensional images...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923434/personality-organization-and-its-association-with-clinical-and-functional-features-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Álvaro Esguevillas, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Celso Arango, Ángel Luis Del Rey-Mejías, Enrique G Bernardo, Carlos Delgado, John F Clarkin, José Luis Carrasco
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show poor psychosocial functioning over the course of their lives. To date, predictors of functionality in BPD patients have remained mostly unexplored. In this study, we aimed to assess the association between personality organization and clinical and functional features in a sample of 50 patients with BPD referred to a specialized outpatient clinic. We used the Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO) to assess personality organization and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale to measure functionality...
September 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923230/randomized-clinical-trials-in-pancreatic-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Neha Goel, Sanjay S Reddy
The management of pancreatic cancer has grown rapidly in the last decade. The Gastrointestinal Tumor Study Group trial in 1985 supported postoperative chemoradiation, and a more recent study recommended 6 months of adjuvant gemcitabine and capecitabine or monotherapy with gemcitabine or fluorouracil plus folinic acid, in the absence of neoadjuvant therapy. Clinicians are now studying the role of targeted therapy in pancreatic cancer and neoadjuvant chemotherapy in resectable, borderline resectable, and locally advanced pancreatic cancer...
October 2017: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922736/reduced-white-matter-integrity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#15
Taiga Ninomiya, Harumi Oshita, Yoshihisa Kawano, Chiharu Goto, Mai Matsuhashi, Koji Masuda, Fuku Takita, Toshihiko Izumi, Ayako Inoue, Haruka Higuma, Masayuki Kanehisa, Jotaro Akiyoshi
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions. BPD may be linked to an abnormal brain anatomy, but little is known about possible impairments of the white matter microstructure in BPD or their relationship with impulsivity or risky behaviors. The aims of the present study were to explore the relationship between BPD and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters and psychological tests. METHODS: We evaluated 35 un-medicated BPD patients in a medication-free state and 50 healthy controls (HCs)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922592/determining-if-borderline-personality-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-are-alternative-expressions-of-the-same-disorder-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions
#16
Iris de la Rosa, María A Oquendo, Gemma García, Barbara Stanley, Ana González-Pinto, Shang-Min Liu, Carlos Blanco
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder represent 2 different disorders or alternative manifestations of the same disorder. METHODS: The data were collected between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2005. The analyses were conducted between December 21 and December 27, 2010. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were performed on 25 symptoms assessing depression, mania, and borderline personality disorder from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a large nationally representative sample of the US adult population (N = 34,653)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922005/behavioral-activation-in-tfp-the-role-of-the-treatment-contract-in-transference-focused-psychotherapy
#17
Frank E Yeomans, Jill C Delaney, Kenneth N Levy
Transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) is a manualized evidence-based treatment for borderline and other severe personality disorders that is based on psychoanalytic object relations theory. Similar to other psychodynamic psychotherapies, TFP focuses on changing psychological structures, but also focuses on symptom and behavioral change, particularly the importance of being active (e.g., obtaining a job or involvement in similar activities). In TFP, the establishment of the treatment contract, also known as the treatment frame, is where goals such as work and other activities are agreed upon...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921683/corticospinal-responses-following-strength-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Dawson J Kidgell, Daniel R Bonanno, Ashlyn K Frazer, Glyn Howatson, Alan J Pearce
Strength-training results in changes in skeletal muscle, however, changes in the central nervous system also occur. Over the last 15 years, non-invasive brain stimulation techniques, such as transcranial magnetic stimulation, have been used to study the neural adaptations to strength-training. This review explored the hypothesis that the neural adaptations to strength-training may be due to changes in corticospinal excitability and inhibition and, such changes, contribute to the gain in strength following strength-training...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920508/internal-carotid-artery-dissection-among-younger-and-older-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#19
Y Amsalem, L Porat, M C Javitt, E Sprecher, G Telman
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery dissection (CAD) is a known causative factor in the etiology of acute ischemic stroke in young patients. However, the significance of CAD in older patients with acute ischemic stroke is unclear with only a few prior clinical studies. In order to isolate the influence of CAD as an independent factor, we performed multivariate analysis of common covariables in acute ischemic stroke patients in northern Israel. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 347 consecutive patients who suffered from acute ischemic stroke had initial CT angiography (CTA) ordered from the emergency room...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920100/a-urinary-fragment-of-mucin-1-subunit-%C3%AE-is-a-novel-biomarker-associated-with-renal-dysfunction-in-the-general-population
#20
Zhen-Yu Zhang, Susana Ravassa, Martin Pejchinovski, Wen-Yi Yang, Petra Zürbig, Begoña López, Fang-Fei Wei, Lutgarde Thijs, Lotte Jacobs, Arantxa González, Jens-Uwe Voigt, Peter Verhamme, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Javier Díez, Harald Mischak, Jan A Staessen
INTRODUCTION: Sequencing peptides included in the urinary proteome identifies the parent proteins and may reveal mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of chronic kidney disease. METHODS: In 805 randomly recruited Flemish individuals (50.8% women; mean age, 51.1 years), we determined the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from serum creatinine using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation. We categorized eGFR according to the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guideline...
September 2017: KI Reports
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