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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549689/hair-coloring-stress-and-smoking-increase-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#1
Mostafa Dianatinasab, Mohammad Fararouei, Mohammad Mohammadianpanah, Mohammad Zare-Bandamiri, Abbas Rezaianzadeh
PURPOSE: Epidemiologic characteristics of breast cancer in Iran are significantly different from those in the West and even other regional countries, but little is known about the related factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted on 1052 women (526 new cases and 526 controls). Logistic regression was performed to investigate associations of study factors with breast cancer risk. RESULTS: This study introduced occupation (odds ratio [OR]employed/household, 1...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549613/symptom-experience-in-late-pregnancy
#2
Kathleen R Beebe, Caryl L Gay, Sarah E Richoux, Kathryn A Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency, severity, distress, and correlates of common and rare symptoms reported by nulliparous women during the last month of pregnancy. DESIGN: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of data obtained in a larger randomized clinical trial. SETTING: San Francisco Bay area. PARTICIPANTS: Nulliparous, ethnically diverse, predominantly low-income pregnant women 18 to 47 years of age (N = 151). METHODS: Participants at or beyond 36 weeks gestation used the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS) to provide self-reports of general symptom experience ...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549612/variation-in-cesarean-birth-rates-by-labor-and-delivery-nurses
#3
Joyce K Edmonds, Michele O'Hara, Sean P Clarke, Neel Shah
OBJECTIVE: To examine variation in the cesarean birth rates of women cared for by labor and delivery nurses. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: One high-volume labor and delivery unit at an academic medical center in a major metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: Labor and delivery nurses who cared for nulliparous women who gave birth to term, singleton fetuses in vertex presentation. METHODS: Data were extracted from electronic hospital birth records from January 1, 2013 through June 30, 2015...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547814/electrical-stimulation-structurally-affects-the-tissues-of-the-rectum-and-anus-of-nulliparous-rats
#4
Hugo Alves de Sousa, Maria da Glória da Silva, Keyla de Paula Barbosa, Leonora Maciel de Souza Vianna, Yolanda Galindo Pacheco, José Roberto Pimenta de Godoy, Selma Aparecida Souza Kuckelhaus
Considering that the muscles of the anus perform a critical role in maintaining continence, losses in their structure can negatively affect the physiological control of the intestinal contents. Anorectal electro-stimulation (ARES) has been reported to have a positive effect on the functionality of treated patients, but how ARES affects the structural tissues of the anorectal segment remains unknown. Because the study of how ARES structurally affects human tissues is not possible, this study aimed to clarify these effects in a murine model, which has a similar anorectal segment (structure and physiology) to humans...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547269/effect-of-intermittent-versus-continuous-bladder-catheterization-on-duration-of-the-second-stage-of-labor-among-nulliparous-women-with-an-epidural-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Abeer Suleiman, Sobhiya Mruwat-Rabah, Gali Garmi, Dorit Dagilayske, Tair Zelichover, Raed Salim
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Catheterization type among women laboring with epidural analgesia who develop bladder retention has been reported to affect labor duration and mode of delivery. We aimed to compare the effect of continuous bladder catheterization (CC) with that of intermittent bladder catheterization (IC) on the duration of the second stage of labor. METHODS: In a randomized trial, term nulliparous women with singleton gestation who requested epidural analgesia and were unable to void spontaneously were eligible and randomized to either CC or IC...
May 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546819/the-effectiveness-of-counseling-in-reducing-anxiety-among-nulliparous-pregnant-women
#6
Parisa Parsa, Nafiseh Saeedzadeh, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Ghodratallah Roshanaei
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of counseling in reducing anxiety of nulliparous pregnant women. Materials and methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 110 nulliparous pregnant women were selected out of all pregnant women referring to Fatemieh Hospital in Hamadan, Iran. Then, the subjects were divided into two groups in experimental and control (55 women in each). The data were collected through a questionnaire covering demographic and obstetric characteristics and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546238/persistent-fetal-lobulation-of-kidney-mimicking-renal-tumour
#7
Syed Muhammad Nazim, Muhibullah Bangash, Basit Salam
Renal pseudotumour is a term coined to describe conditions of renal anatomic variants that simulate focal renal pathology like a tumour on ultrasonography. These include persistent fetal lobulation, hypertrophy of Bertin columns and dromedary humps. We report a case of a 30-year-old nulliparous woman who was managed in gynaecology clinic for menorrhagia and was subsequently referred to us for management of recurrent urinary tract infections. The clinical examination was normal and on ultrasound scan, she was found to have multiple enlarged heterogeneous solid masses in both kidneys with significantly increased vascularity, suspicious for neoplastic lesions...
May 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545269/-risk-factors-of-endometriosis-associated-ovarian-carcinoma-in-women-aged-45-years-and-older
#8
Z X He, S Wang, Z F Li, L Zhu, J H Leng, J H Lang
Obiective: To explore the risk factors of endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer (EAOC) in women with ovarian endometriosis aged 45 years and older in China. Methods: The medical records of total 1 038 women aged 45 years and older with a surgicopathological diagnosis of ovarian endometriosis treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from December 1994 to December 2014 were reviewed. Histology evaluation determined ovarian endometriosis with (n=30) or without (n=1 008) ovarian cancer. Results: (1) There were 30 (2...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545191/%C3%A2-mate%C3%A2-intake-hormone-based-risk-factors-and-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#9
Alvaro L Ronco, Edison Espinosa, Juan M Calderon, Eduardo Lasalvia- Galante, Alejandro De Rosa, Gustavo Sanchez
Previous reports on the inverse association between ‘mate’ intake (infusion of Ilex Paraguariensis herb) and breast cancer (BC) risk led us to consider two main roles for the infusion: as a substantial antioxidant contributor and as a hormone regulator, particularly through anti-aromatase capacities. Since menstrual-reproductive risk factors for BC reflect women’s estrogenic exposure during the reproductive lifespan, and considering that ‘mate’ intake exerts putative stronger protection among high antioxidant contributors, we attempted to analyze interactions among the infusion, hormon-linked reproductive factors and BC risk, which have hitherto remained unexplored...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544989/impact-of-mediolateral-episiotomy-on-incidence-of-obstetrical-anal-sphincter-injury-diagnosed-by-endoanal-ultrasound
#10
Kristina Drusany Staric, Adolf Lukanovic, Petra Petrocnik, Vita Zacesta, Corrado Cescon, Miha Lucovnik
OBJECTIVE: to examine potential association between mediolateral episiotomy and reduced incidence of obstetrical anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) diagnosed by endoanal ultrasound. DESIGN: prospective cohort study. SETTING: tertiary referral university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: sixty nulliparous women at 28-33 weeks of gestation with singleton pregnancies were included between 2010 and 2012. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: participants were examined with endoanal ultrasound at 28-33 weeks gestation and at 6-7 weeks post-partum...
May 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543684/multiparity-modifies-contractile-properties-of-pelvic-muscles-affecting-the-genesis-of-vaginal-pressure-in-rabbits
#11
Rhode López-Juárez, René Zempoalteca, Dora Luz Corona-Quintanilla, Ismael Jiménez-Estrada, Francisco Castelán, Margarita Martínez-Gómez
AIMS: To characterize the contractile properties of the bulbospongiosus (Bsm), isquiocavernosus (Ism), and pubococcygeus muscles (Pcm), and their involvement in the genesis of vaginal pressure in nulliparous and multiparous rabbits. METHODS: Age-matched nulliparous and multiparous rabbits were used to record the isometric contractile responses of each muscle as well as the intravaginal pressure evoked by single square electrical pulses and stimulation trains of ascending frequency...
May 24, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542276/effect-of-combined-actions-of-hip-adduction-abduction-on-the-force-generation-and-maintenance-of-pelvic-floor-muscles-in-healthy-women
#12
Amanda C Amorim, Licia P Cacciari, Anice C Passaro, Simone R B Silveira, Cesar F Amorim, Jefferson F Loss, Isabel C N Sacco
Pelvic floor muscle (PFM) force and coordination are related to urinary incontinence severity and to sexual satisfaction. Health professionals frequently combine classic PFM exercises with hip adduction/abduction contraction to treat these disorders, but the real benefits of this practice are still unknown. Based on a theoretical anatomy approach whereby the levator ani muscle is inserted into the obturator internus myofascia and in which force generated by hip movements should increase the contraction quality of PFMs, our aim was to investigate the effects of isometric hip adduction and abduction on PFM force generation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541800/incidence-of-superimposed-preeclampsia-among-pregnant-asian-women-with-chronic-hypertension
#13
Dittakarn Boriboonhirunsarn, Apichaya Pradyachaipimol, Boonlert Viriyapak
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and associated factors of superimposed preeclampsia among pregnant women with chronic hypertension. METHODS: A total of 300 pregnant women diagnosed with chronic hypertension were reviewed. Data were retrieved from medical records, including obstetric data, characteristics of hypertension, and pregnancy outcomes. Incidence of superimposed preeclampsia was estimated. Various characteristics were compared to determine associated risk factors...
May 25, 2017: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532287/maternal-body-mass-index-and-oxytocin-exposure-in-nulliparous-women-is-there-an-interaction-associated-with-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidities
#14
Akila Subramaniam, John Owen, Sukhkamal B Campbell, Lorie M Harper, Joseph L Fitzwater, Rodney K Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Increasing body mass index (BMI) and administered doses of oxytocin are related to maternal and neonatal morbidities. We evaluated the effect of oxytocin dosage, BMI, and their interaction on select perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied nulliparas with singletons ≥36 weeks' gestation who received oxytocin and reached the second stage of labor. Oxytocin dosage was defined by the oxytocin product ([maximum oxytocin dose] X [duration of oxytocin infusion]/100 (milliunits))...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526518/clinical-presentation-of-endometriosis-identified-at-interval-laparoscopic-tubal-sterilization-prospective-series-of-465-cases
#15
Marion Tissot, Lise Lecointre, Emilie Faller, Karolina Afors, Chérif Akladios, Alain Audebert
OBJECTIVES: Women seeking sterilization are usually parous and have no major complains, such as pelvic pain. This could be a good model to indirectly assess the prevalence of endometriosis in the general population. Prevalence of endometriosis in women undergoing tubal sterilization by laparoscopy has been assessed in 17 published reports. Results indicate a surprising wide variation of prevalence of endometriosis, ranging from 1.4% to 43.3 %. This clinical study describes the prevalence and clinical presentations of endometriosis identified at interval laparoscopic tubal sterilization, as a close representation of endometriosis in general population...
May 16, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525825/what-is-to-blame-for-postnatal-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-in-primiparous-women-pre-pregnancy-or-intrapartum-risk-factors
#16
Constantin M Durnea, Ali S Khashan, Louise C Kenny, Uliana A Durnea, James C Dornan, Suzanne M O'Sullivan, Barry A O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is still poorly understood. However childbearing is recognized as a major risk factor. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the natural history of PFD by investigating the impact of the mode of delivery on postnatal pelvic floor dysfunction in primiparas, when PFD existing before the first pregnancy is taken into consideration. STUDY DESIGN: 4P-study (Prevalence and Predictors of Pelvic floor dysfunction in Primips) is a prospective cohort study, nested within the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study set in a tertiary referral teaching hospital with 9000 deliveries annually...
April 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523399/anal-sphincter-injury-in-vaginal-deliveries-complicated-by-shoulder-dystocia
#17
Mark P Hehir, Zachary Rubeo, Karen Flood, Anne H Mardy, Colm O'Herlihy, Peter C Boylan, Mary E D'Alton
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency that occurs in 0.2-3% of all cephalic vaginal deliveries. We hypothesized that because of the difficult nature of deliveries complicated by shoulder dystocia, the condition may be associated with anal sphincter injury. We sought to identify risk factors for obstetric anal sphincter injury in women with shoulder dystocia. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included all cases of shoulder dystocia from 2007 to 2011 at two large tertiary referral centers, in the USA and Ireland...
May 18, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523256/ovarian-volume-in-korean-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-its-related-factors
#18
Young Shin Han, Ah Rha Lee, Hee Kyoung Song, Jeong In Choi, Jang Heub Kim, Mee Ran Kim, Min Jeong Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of ovarian volume (OV) to age, height, and weight in Korean young women with the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing ultrasonography (US) and to investigate the relationship between ovarian follicle count and volume on US and serum hormone levels including the levels of the anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and gonadotropin. METHODS: A total of 272 Korean nulliparous women aged 15 to 39 years who were newly diagnosed with PCOS at a university hospital were included in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521890/reproductive-factors-and-incidence-of%C3%A2-heart-failure-hospitalization-in-the%C3%A2-women-s-health%C3%A2-initiative
#19
Philip S Hall, Gregory Nah, Barbara V Howard, Cora E Lewis, Matthew A Allison, Gloria E Sarto, Molly E Waring, Lisette T Jacobson, JoAnn E Manson, Liviu Klein, Nisha I Parikh
BACKGROUND: Reproductive factors reflective of endogenous sex hormone exposure might have an effect on cardiac remodeling and the development of heart failure (HF). OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between key reproductive factors and the incidence of HF. METHODS: Women from a cohort of the Women's Health Initiative were systematically evaluated for the incidence of HF hospitalization from study enrollment through 2014. Reproductive factors (number of live births, age at first pregnancy, and total reproductive duration [time from menarche to menopause]) were self-reported at study baseline in 1993 to 1998...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521546/the-effect-of-aloe-vera-gel-and-sweet-almond-oil-on-striae-gravidarum-in-nulliparous-women
#20
Maryam Hajhashemi, Mahmoud Rafieian, Hojjat Allah Rouhi Boroujeni, Sepideh Miraj, Shadman Memarian, Atefeh Keivani, Fedyeh Haghollahi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Striae are linear depressions of the skin and causes psychological and sexual problems in person. Different methods are used to prevent and treat them but there is no definitive method. We compared the effect of Aloe vera gel and sweet almond oil on striae gravidarum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind clinical trial, 160 nulliparous women were enrolled and randomly divided into three case groups and one control group. The four groups were given 700 g Aloe vera, sweet almond oil, and base cream to use topically on the abdominal skin and forth group don't receive any medication as control group in five steps, they were examined study's variables (itching, erythema, and spread of striae) using statistical tests in SPSS...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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