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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635364/the-impact-of-motivational-interviewing-on-behavior-stages-of-nulliparous-pregnant-women-preparing-for-childbirth-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Masoumeh Rasouli, Seyed Abbas Mousavi, Ahmad Khosravi, Afsaneh Keramat, Ensieh Fooladi, Giti Atashsokhan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) on the stages of behavior change among nulliparous pregnant women who were preparing for childbirth. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 234 pregnant women were studied in two intervention groups (MI and lecture), and one control group at three stages. In weeks 16-19 of pregnancy, two counseling sessions were held for the MI group, and one lecturing session was held for the lecture group...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629584/association-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-serum-levels-with-fertility-results-from-the-lifestyle-and-fertility-study
#2
June L Fung, Terryl J Hartman, Rosemary L Schleicher, Marlene B Goldman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of vitamin D intake and serum levels on conception of clinical pregnancy and live birth. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical centers. PATIENT(S): Healthy, nulliparous women, age 18-39 years, and their male partners. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy and live birth were compared between those who did or did not meet the vitamin D estimated average requirement (EAR) intake (10 μg/d) and with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) considered at risk for inadequacy or deficiency (<50 nmol/L) or sufficient (≥50 nmol/L)...
June 16, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629245/obstetric-risk-factors-for-poor-neonatal-adaptation-at-birth
#3
Francesca Crovetto, Monica Fumagalli, Agnese De Carli, Giulia Maria Baffero, Silvia Nozza, Francesca Dessimone, Patrizia Vergani, Luigi Fedele, Fabio Mosca, Barbara Acaia
PURPOSE: To identify obstetric risk factors of delivering a neonate with poor neonatal adaptation at birth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nested-case control study. Poor neonatal adaptation was defined for presence of at least: umbilical cord artery pH < 7.10, base deficit ≥ 12 mmol/L, Apgar score at 1' ≤ 5. Controls were selected from the same population and matched with cases. The association between clinical parameters and poor neonatal adaptation was analyzed by logistic regression...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625444/nitrous-oxide-for-labor-analgesia-utilization-and-predictors-of-conversion-to-neuraxial-analgesia
#4
Caitlin D Sutton, Alexander J Butwick, Edward T Riley, Brendan Carvalho
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We examined the characteristics of women who choose nitrous oxide for labor analgesia and identified factors that predict conversion from nitrous oxide to labor neuraxial analgesia. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study. SETTING: Labor and Delivery Ward. PATIENTS: 146 pregnant women who used nitrous oxide for analgesia during labor and delivery between September 2014 and September 2015. INTERVENTIONS: Chart review only...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623971/remodelling-of-the-bovine-placenta-comprehensive-morphological-and-histomorphological-characterization-at-the-late-embryonic-and-early-accelerated-fetal-growth-stages
#5
Consuelo Amor S Estrella, Karen L Kind, Anna Derks, Ruidong Xiang, Nicole Faulkner, Melina Mohrdick, Carolyn Fitzsimmons, Zbigniew Kruk, Frank Grutzner, Claire T Roberts, Stefan Hiendleder
INTRODUCTION: Placental function impacts growth and development with lifelong consequences for performance and health. We provide novel insights into placental development in bovine, an important agricultural species and biomedical model. METHODS: Concepti with defined genetics and sex were recovered from nulliparous dams managed under standardized conditions to study placental gross morphological and histomorphological parameters at the late embryo (Day48) and early accelerated fetal growth (Day153) stages...
July 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619034/evaluation-of-two-intervention-models-on-contraceptive-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-nulliparous-women-in-shanghai-china-a-clustered-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Yuan He, Ning Zhang, Jue Wang, Na He, Yan Du, Jing-Xin Ding, Ying Zhang, Xiao-Tian Li, Jian Huang, Ke-Qin Hua
BACKGROUND: With increasing acceptance of premarital sex among young Chinese women, the rates of unintended pregnancies and induced abortions are becoming alarmingly high, suggesting the needs of educating women with adequate contraceptive knowledge and providing them with accessible contraceptive services. Previous studies have shown that knowledge and attitudes towards contraception could be modified through intervention strategies. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of two community intervention models on modifying contraceptive attitudes and behaviors among nulliparous women...
June 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616828/perinatal-and-maternal-outcomes-at-term-in-low-risk-pregnancies-according-to-nice-criteria-comparison-between-a-tertiary-obstetrical-hospital-and-midwife-attended-units
#7
Tanja Ignatov, Holm Eggemann, Serban Dan Costa, Atanas Ignatov
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perinatal and maternal outcomes at term at a single tertiary, university hospital in women with low-risk pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of women with low-risk pregnancies, who delivered at University Women's Hospital Magdeburg between January 2010 and December 2014. Data were compared with data published by Brocklehurst et al. 2011. RESULTS: Of the 6052 women investigated, 2014 were classified as low risk according to the NICE criteria and were eligible for analysis...
June 14, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616735/erratum-to-temporal-trends-of-lipophilic-persistent-organic-pollutants-in-serum-from-danish-nulliparous-pregnant-women-2011-2013
#8
Christian Bjerregaard-Olesen, Manhai Long, Mandana Ghisari, Bodil H Bech, Ellen A Nohr, Niels Uldbjerg, Tine B Henriksen, Jørn Olsen, Eva C Bonefeld-Jørgensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613016/number-of-parity-and-the-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-women-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#9
Lei Ren, Peng Guo, Qiao-Mei Sun, Hong Liu, Yu Chen, Ying Huang, Xiao-Jun Cai
AIM: The association between parity and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk has been investigated, but results are controversial. Thus, our aim was to systematically analyze the effect of number of parity on the risk of RA in women. METHODS: Relevant published studies were identified using PubMed and embase databases through 1 April 2016. We pooled the relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using random-effects models. RESULTS: In all, 12 studies with a total of 2 497 580 participants and 11 521 RA cases were included...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600366/optimal-timing-for-elective-caesarean-delivery-in-a-chinese-population-a-large-hospital-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-shanghai
#10
Yong Hu, Hong Shen, Mark B Landon, Weiwei Cheng, Xiaohua Liu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the timing of antepartum elective caesarean delivery (CD) at term and perinatal outcomes in a Chinese population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of mode of delivery at a large obstetric centre in Shanghai, China between 2007 and 2014. Eligibility criteria included: term nulliparous women with a singleton gestation undergoing antepartum elective CD. RESULTS: There were 19 939 women delivered by antepartum CD without indications, with 5...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599896/objectively-measured-short-sleep-duration-and-later-sleep-midpoint-in-pregnancy-are-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-gestational-diabetes
#11
Francesca L Facco, William A Grobman, Kathryn J Reid, Corette B Parker, Shannon M Hunter, Robert M Silver, Robert C Basner, George R Saade, Grace W Pien, Shalini Manchanda, Judette M Louis, Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang, Judith H Chung, Deborah A Wing, Hyagriv N Simhan, David M Haas, Jay Iams, Samuel Parry, Phyllis C Zee
BACKGROUND: Experimental and epidemiologic data suggest that among non-pregnant adults, sleep duration may be an important risk factor for chronic disease. Although pregnant women commonly complain of poor sleep, few studies have objectively evaluated the quality of sleep in pregnancy or have explored the relationship between sleep disturbances and maternal and perinatal outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to examine the relationship between objectively assessed sleep duration, timing and continuity (measured via wrist actigraphy) and maternal cardiovascular and metabolic morbidity specific to pregnancy...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599396/five-years-experience-in-an-anesthesiology-antenatal-clinic-for-high-risk-patients
#12
Daniel Shatalin, Yaacov Gozal, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Alexander Ioscovich
INTRODUCTION: The aim, of this study is to describe our approach and outcomes in an outpatient anesthesia/analgesia antepartum clinic among ambulatory high-risk obstetric patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective evaluation of the activity of the anesthesiology antenatal clinic from its inception in 2010 until 2016 (a 5-year period). The clinic works in collaboration with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The catchment area of the study University Affiliated Hospital attends a multiethnic population characterized by high parity...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594775/perinatal-and-maternal-outcomes-after-training-residents-in-forceps-before-vacuum-instrumental-birth
#13
Sasha Skinner, Miranda Davies-Tuck, Euan Wallace, Ryan Hodges
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of attempted and successful instrumental births, intrapartum cesarean delivery, and subsequent perinatal and maternal morbidity before and after implementing a training intervention to arrest the decline in forceps competency among resident obstetricians. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined all attempted instrumental births at Monash Health from 2005 to 2014. We performed an interrupted time-series analysis to compare outcomes of attempted instrumental births in 2005-2009 with those in 2010-2014...
June 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588158/helicobacter-pylori-stool-antigen-assay-in-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#14
S Kabir, R A Khanam, M S Basher, M S Azam, M A Hossain, T T Mirza, K A Banu, R K Karmoker
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the most severe form of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that seriously affects the pregnancy outcome. It is a disease with unknown etiology and varieties of contributing factors like hormonal changes, psychological and immunological factors. A significantly high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among pregnant women with Hyperemesis gravidarum has been revealed recently. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at antenatal ward, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh for a period of twenty-one months among purposively selected thirty-six patients with Hyperemesis gravidarum with a view to assess the involvement of H...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588033/what-is-the-best-treatment-to-reduce-the-need-for-caesarean-section-in-nulliparous-women-at-term-with-delayed-first-stage-of-labour
#15
Sara Kenyon, Julia Sanders, Lee Middleton, Tracey Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586367/maternal-region-of-birth-and-stillbirth-in-victoria-australia-2000-2011-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-victorian-perinatal-data
#16
Miranda L Davies-Tuck, Mary-Ann Davey, Euan M Wallace
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence from high-income countries that maternal country of birth is a risk factor for stillbirth. We aimed to examine the association between maternal region of birth and stillbirth between 2000 and 2011 inclusive in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Retrospective population based cohort study of all singleton births at 24 or more weeks gestational age from 2000-2011 in Victoria, Australia. Stillbirths due to termination of pregnancy, babies with congenital anomalies and Indigenous mothers were excluded...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585020/experimental-manipulation-of-infant-temperament-affects-amygdala-functional-connectivity
#17
Madelon M E Riem, Marinus H Van Ijzendoorn, Christine E Parsons, Katherine S Young, Pietro De Carli, Morten L Kringelbach, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study we examined neural processing of infant faces associated with a happy or a sad temperament in nulliparous women. We experimentally manipulated adult perception of infant temperament in a probabilistic learning task. In this task, participants learned about an infant's temperament through repeated pairing of the infant face with positive or negative facial expressions and vocalizations. At the end of the task, participants were able to differentiate between "mostly sad" infants who cried often and "mostly happy" infants who laughed often...
June 5, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580650/maternal-near-misses-at-a-provincial-hospital-in-papua-new-guinea-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
John W Bolnga, Marilyn Morris, Catherine Totona, Moses Laman
BACKGROUND: Maternal near-miss indices are World Health Organisation (WHO) recognised indicators that may improve our understanding of factors associated with maternal morbidity and mortality. In Papua New Guinea (PNG) where maternal mortality is among the highest in the world, only one study has documented near-miss indices in a tertiary-level hospital, but none from provincial hospitals where the majority of under-privileged women access healthcare services. AIMS: To determine the near-miss ratio, maternal mortality index (MMI), and associated maternal indices for Modilon Hospital in Madang Province of PNG...
June 5, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579106/pre-pregnancy-bmi-specific-optimal-gestational-weight-gain-for-women-in-japan
#19
Naho Morisaki, Chie Nagata, Seung Chik Jwa, Haruhiko Sago, Shigeru Saito, Emily Oken, Takeo Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines are the most widely used guidelines on gestational weight gain; however, accumulation of evidence that body composition in Asians differs from other races has brought concern regarding whether their direct application is appropriate. We aimed to study to what extent optimal gestational weight gain among women in Japan differs by pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and to compare estimated optimal gestational weight gain to current Japanese and Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578177/the-impact-of-uterine-immaturity-on-obstetrical-syndromes-during-adolescence
#20
Ivo Brosens, Joanne Muter, Caroline Gargett, Patrick Puttemans, Giuseppe Benagiano, Jan J Brosens
Pregnant nulliparous adolescents are at increased risk - inversely proportional to their age - of major obstetric syndromes, including preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction and preterm birth. Emerging evidence indicates that biological immaturity of the uterus accounts for the increased incidence of obstetrical disorders in very young mothers, possibly compounded by sociodemographic factors associated with teenage pregnancy. The endometrium in most newborns is intrinsically resistant to progesterone signaling and the rate of transition to a fully responsive tissue likely determines pregnancy outcome during adolescence...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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