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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090178/median-survival-time-of-endometrial-cancer-patients-with-lymphovascular-invasion-at-the-hospital-universiti-sains-malaysia
#1
Wan Adnan Wan Nor Asyikeen, Ab Hamid Siti-Azrin, Nur Asyilla Che Jalil, Anani Aila Mat Zin, Nor Hayati Othman
BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancer is the most common gynaecologic malignancy among females worldwide. The purpose of this study was to determine the median survival time of endometrial cancer patients at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). METHODS: A list of 121 endometrial cancer cases registered at Hospital USM between 2000 until 2011 was retrospectively reviewed. The survival time of the endometrial cancer patients was estimated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis...
November 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089544/effects-of-delivery-mode-and-sociodemographic-factors-on-postpartum-stress-urinary-incontinency-in-primipara-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Roya Kokabi, Dorna Yazdanpanah
BACKGROUND: To determine the frequency of postpartum stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women undergoing vaginal delivery or elective cesarean section and to investigate the sociodemographic determinants of SUI in a sample of Iranian patients. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed during a 1-year period from 2014 to 2015 including 286 healthy nulliparous women in the third trimester of pregnancy without prepregnancy urinary incontinence. Participants were categorized based on the mode of delivery, i...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089318/analysis-and-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-epidural-analgesia-and-its-relationship-with-eutocic-or-dystocic-delivery
#3
V Sánchez-Migallón, E Sánchez, M Raynard, A Miranda, R M Borràs
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have demonstrated the difference in the verbal rating scale with regard to obstructed labour and induced labour, so that obstructed labour and foetal macrosomia have been related to a greater sensation of pain during labour, particularly in the first stage. Even the epidural analgesia is linked to the need for instrumented or caesarean section due to foetal obstruction. The goal of the study is to analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of epidural analgesia in normal versus obstructed labour...
January 12, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086982/reproductive-factors-and-the-risk-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-in-white-women-and-african-american-women-a-pooled-analysis
#4
Huiyan Ma, Giske Ursin, Xinxin Xu, Eunjung Lee, Kayo Togawa, Lei Duan, Yani Lu, Kathleen E Malone, Polly A Marchbanks, Jill A McDonald, Michael S Simon, Suzanne G Folger, Jane Sullivan-Halley, Dennis M Deapen, Michael F Press, Leslie Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Early age at menarche, nulliparity, late age at first completed pregnancy, and never having breastfed, are established breast cancer risk factors. However, among breast cancer subtypes, it remains unclear whether all of these are risk factors for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). METHODS: We evaluated the associations of these reproductive factors with TNBC, in 2658 patients with breast cancer (including 554 with TNBC) and 2448 controls aged 20-64 years, who participated in one of the three population-based case-control studies: the Women's Contraceptive and Reproductive Experiences Study, the Women's Breast Carcinoma in situ Study, or the Women's Learning the Influence of Family and Environment Study...
January 13, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080921/uterine-adenomyosis-and-an-endometrial-polyp-in-a-rock-hyrax-procavia-capensis
#5
Holly J Holman, Katherine Gailbreath
An 8-yr-old nulliparous, female rock hyrax ( Procavia capensis ) had intermittent mucoid to bloody discharge late winter-early spring for two consecutive years. Fragments of necrotic tissue, suspected to be vaginal or rectal in origin, were passed on two occasions. Physical examination, radiographs, and ultrasound did not identify the source of the tissue. Exploratory laparotomy and ovariohysterectomy were performed. On histopathology, a diagnosis of adenomyosis with a uterine polyp was made. Postsurgical complications included incisional infection and renal compromise that were medically managed and resolved...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076828/perinatal-risk-factors-for-low-and-moderate-five-minute-apgar-scores-at-term
#6
Shimona Lai, Christopher Flatley, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the specific maternal and perinatal variables associated with a low (≤3) or moderate (4-6) Apgar score, compared to a high (≥7) score. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, cohort study of 58429 term singleton babies born at the Mater Mother's Hospital in Brisbane, Australia in 2007-2013. Maternal demographics, socio-economic status using the Australian Socioeconomic Index for Areas (SEIFA) score, obstetric factors, and birth outcomes were compared for neonates grouped into three categories based on their five-minute Apgar: low (≤3), moderate (4-6) and high (≥7)...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075507/labour-induction-near-term-for-women-aged-35-or-over-an-economic-evaluation
#7
Kate F Walker, Melina Dritsaki, George Bugg, Marion Macpherson, Carol McCormick, Nicky Grace, Chris Wildsmith, Lucy Bradshaw, Gordon Cs Smith, James G Thornton
OBJECTIVE: Induction of labour at 39 weeks for nulliparous women aged 35 years and over may prevent stillbirths and does not increase caesarean births, so it may be popular. But the overall costs and benefits of such a policy have not been compared. DESIGN: A cost-utility analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial (the 35/39 trial). SETTING: Obstetric departments of 38 UK National Health Service hospitals and one UK primary care trust...
January 11, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073797/physical-and-cultural-determinants-of-postpartum-pelvic-floor-support-and-symptoms-following-vaginal-delivery-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Ingrid E Nygaard, Erin Clark, Lauren Clark, Marlene J Egger, Robert Hitchcock, Yvonne Hsu, Peggy Norton, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Janet Shaw, Xiaoming Sheng, Michael Varner
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs), including pelvic organ prolapse (POP), stress and urgency urinary incontinence, and faecal incontinence, are common and arise from loss of pelvic support. Although severe disease often does not occur until women become older, pregnancy and childbirth are major risk factors for PFDs, especially POP. We understand little about modifiable factors that impact pelvic floor function recovery after vaginal birth. This National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Program Project, 'Bridging physical and cultural determinants of postpartum pelvic floor support and symptoms following vaginal delivery', uses mixed-methods research to study the influences of intra-abdominal pressure, physical activity, body habitus and muscle fitness on pelvic floor support and symptoms as well as the cultural context in which women experience those changes...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068394/prediction-of-small-for-gestational-age-infants-in-healthy-nulliparous-women-using-clinical-and-ultrasound-risk-factors-combined-with-early-pregnancy-biomarkers
#9
Lesley M E McCowan, John M D Thompson, Rennae S Taylor, Philip N Baker, Robyn A North, Lucilla Poston, Claire T Roberts, Nigel A B Simpson, James J Walker, Jenny Myers, Louise C Kenny
OBJECTIVE: Most small for gestational age pregnancies are unrecognised before birth, resulting in substantial avoidable perinatal mortality and morbidity. Our objective was to develop multivariable prediction models for small for gestational age combining clinical risk factors and biomarkers at 15±1 weeks' with ultrasound parameters at 20±1 weeks' gestation. METHODS: Data from 5606 participants in the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort study were divided into Training (n = 3735) and Validation datasets (n = 1871)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065695/perfusion-of-the-uterine-junctional-zone-in-nulliparous-and-primiparous-women-assessed-by-dce-mri-as-a-function-of-menstrual-cycle-and-hormonal-contraception
#10
L J Meylaerts, L Wijnen, M Bazot, M Grieten, W Ombelet, M Vandersteen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the perfusion parameters of inner and outer myometrium in healthy nulliparous and primiparous women who are and who are not currently using hormonal contraceptives by means of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed pelvic 1.5T DCE-MRI on 98 women: 18 nulliparous non-users, 30 nulliparous users, 12 primiparous non-users and 38 primiparous users of hormonal contraception (mean age respectively 26...
January 6, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062902/transvaginal-excision-of-complete-vaginal-septum-with-hysterectomy-in-a-nulliparous-woman-with-uterus-didelphys
#11
Peter L Dwyer, Debjyoti Karmakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061845/parity-and-bladder-cancer-risk-a-dose-response-meta-analysis
#12
Yunjin Bai, Xiaoming Wang, Yubo Yang, Yin Tang, Jia Wang, Ping Han
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have reported evidence of an inverse association between parity and bladder cancer risk. However, a comprehensive and quantitative assessment of this association has never been conducted. We conducted this study to clarify this issue. METHODS: Systematic search of PubMed and Embase was performed to identify all the studies. Studies were selected based on strict screening with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Summary relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated by using a fixed-effect model, and the generalized least squares trend estimation was employed to compute study-specific RR and 95% CI per live birth increase...
January 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061767/the-effect-of-induction-method-in-twin-pregnancies-a-secondary-analysis-for-the-twin-birth-study
#13
Elad Mei-Dan, Elizabeth V Asztalos, Andrew R Willan, Jon F R Barrett
BACKGROUND: This secondary analysis for the Twin Birth Study, an international, multicenter trial, aimed to compare the cesarean section rates and safety between methods of induction of labor in twin pregnancies. METHODS: Women with twin pregnancies where the first twin was in a cephalic presentation and who presented for labor induction, were non-randomly assigned to receive prostaglandin or amniotomy and/or oxytocin. Main outcome measures were the rates of unplanned cesarean section and neonatal and maternal mortality or serious morbidity...
January 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057355/physical-activity-and-breast-cancer-risk-by-pathological-subtype
#14
Virginia Lope, Miguel Martín, Adela Castelló, Soraya Casla, Amparo Ruiz, Jose Manuel Baena-Cañada, Ana Mª Casas, Lourdes Calvo, Begoña Bermejo, Montserrat Muñoz, Manuel Ramos, Ana de Juan-Ferré, Carlos Jara, Antonio Antón, Mª Ángeles Jimeno, Ana Lluch, Silvia Antolín, José Ángel García-Sáenz, Purificación Estévez, Esperanza Arriola-Arellano, Joaquín Gavilá, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Eva Carrasco, Marina Pollán
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of physical activity on breast cancer risk and evaluate whether adherence to international recommendations is associated with a decreased risk. METHODS: This is a multicenter matched case-control study where 698 pairs completed a physical activity questionnaire. Recreational physical activity during the last year was quantified in metabolic equivalent hours per week (MET-h/week) and categorized in activities of moderate (3.0-5...
January 2, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056270/-the-occurrence-and-determinants-of-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-women-of-six-counties-districts-in-china-during-pregnancy
#15
H Q Hu, J Zhang, W Zhao, T Tian, A Q Huang, L L Wang
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms during pregnancy among women from six districts of China and to explore the determinants of anxiety and depression during pregnancy. Methods: A cross-sectional study of maternal health status was conducted using the probability proportionate to size sampling method among pregnant women from six counties/districts in six provinces of China (Hebei, Liaoning, Fujian, Hunan, Sichuan and Yunnan). A questionnaire was completed by each of the women included in the study from August to December 2014...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041992/changes-in-body-composition-in-women-using-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#16
Priscilla de Nazaré Silva Dos Santos, Tessa Madden, Karen Omvig, Jeffrey F Peipert
OBJECTIVE: Users of hormonal long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) report weight gain as a side effect, but few studies have assessed body composition change among LARC users. We evaluated weight and body composition of healthy women using the levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), copper intrauterine device (copper IUD) or etonogestrel implant (ENG implant). We hypothesized that weight gain and body composition over 12 months would not differ between copper IUD, LNG-IUS and ENG implant users...
December 30, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040376/gestational-weight-gain-cesarean-delivery-and-cesarean-delivery-on-maternal-request-a-cohort-analysis-of-chinese-nulliparous-women
#17
Yubo B Zhou, Hongtian T Li, Rongwei W Ye, Zhiwen W Li, Yali L Zhang, Le Zhang, Aiguo G Ren, JianMeng M Liu
PURPOSE: To examine the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and cesarean delivery including cesarean delivery on maternal request (CDMR) among low-risk women. METHODS: A total of 1,009,987 Chinese nulliparous women who delivered live term singletons during 1993-2010 were included. GWG, according to maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index-specified z-scores, was categorized into five groups: less than -1.2, -1.2 to less than -0.6, -0.6 to 0.6 (reference), more than 0...
December 9, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033051/plantar-pressure-during-gait-in-pregnant-women
#18
Jeanne Bertuit, Clara Leyh, Marcel Rooze, Véronique Feipel
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, physical and hormonal modifications occur. Morphologic alterations of the feet are found. These observations can induce alterations in plantar pressure. This study sought to investigate plantar pressures during gait in the last 4 months of pregnancy and in the postpartum period. A comparison with nulliparous women was conducted to investigate plantar pressure modifications during pregnancy. METHODS: Fifty-eight women in the last 4 months of pregnancy, nine postpartum women, and 23 healthy nonpregnant women (control group) performed gait trials on an electronic walkway at preferred speeds...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033044/caliper-method-versus-digital-photogrammetry-for-assessing-arch-height-index-in-pregnant-women
#19
Kathryn D Harrison, Jean L McCrory
BACKGROUND: Foot anthropometry may be altered during pregnancy. Pregnant women often report lower-extremity pain that may be related to these alterations. The Arch Height Index Measurement System is a common method of foot arch assessment; however, the required calipers are costly and are not widely available. Thus, we compared the reliability of a digital photogrammetry method of arch height index (AHI) assessment with that of the Arch Height Index Measurement System. METHODS: Ten pregnant women (mean ± SD: age, 29 ± 4 years; height, 166...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025685/comparison-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-in-nulliparous-women-and-those-with-normal-vaginal-delivery-and-cesarean-section
#20
Poorandokht Afshari, Fariba Dabagh, Mina Iravani, Parvin Abedi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Weakness of the pelvic floor is quite common among women, and may occur following childbirth. The aim of this study was to compare pelvic floor muscle strength in women of reproductive age who were nulliparous or who had a cesarean section or normal vaginal delivery. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 341 women including 96 nulliparous women, 73 women with a history of normal vaginal delivery with and without episiotomy, and 172 women with a history of elective or emergency cesarean section were recruited randomly from public health centers in Ahvaz, Iran...
December 26, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
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