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Hair removal

M I Muradov, K B Mukhamedkerim, А А Baiguzeva, K E Kazantaev, D Zh Koshkarbaev
The problem of treating tissue defects of the scalp to date remains one of the actual problems of modern medicine. Low elasticity, stiffness, and the presence of hair follicles and skin deficit dictate the need for new treatments, cosmetic relevant requirements of this zone. The use of expander dermotension in recent years has found its wide distribution in the treatment of defects and deformities of covering tissue anywhere on the body. On the example of a patient K.32 years old hospitalized with diagnosis-basal cell epithelioma of the scalp-the defect of soft tissues, we demonstrated the use of expander plastic in the treatment of defect covering tissues of the scalp...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Jean S McGee, Won Soon Chung, Hannah Lee, Hye Jin Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Virginia A Hill, G Neil Stowe, Ryan B Paulsen, Michael Schaffer
Analysis of nail clippings may be a useful back-up for hair analysis when hair is unavailable. One aspect of using nails or hair is the ability to analyze whether drug present is from ingestion or from contamination. A common method of three 15-s rinses in methanol failed to remove drug from nails that had been soaked in either 5 or 50 μg/mL cocaine, methamphetamine or morphine for 1 h. While methanol rinsing did not remove contaminating drug, washing the nails soaked with 5 and 50 μg/mL of these drugs with an extended wash, a method developed for hair analysis and consisting of a 15-min isopropanol wash, and three 30-min and two 60-min phosphate buffer-0...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Je Yeon Byeon, Hwan Jun Choi, Ji Hye Lee
Dermoid cysts are benign developmental anomalies that occurred as a result of the sequestration of the skin along the lines of embryonic closure. Those occurring in the cervicofacial region are uncommon, accounting for about 7% of all dermoids and its presence in postauricular region is further exceptionally rare. A healthy 19-year-old Asian boy presented with a unilateral postauricular cyst that had been present since childhood without any symptom. The computed tomography scan revealed an encapsulated tumor with no intracranial extension...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
David S Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Urology
Michael Korenkov
The video-assisted subcutaneous destruction of the sinus tract (VADST) is a novel, minimally-invasive technique for the treatment of pilonidal sinus disease (PSD). This is an advancement of the previously described subcutaneous destruction of the sinus tract and the removal of hairs as well as the long-term vessel-loop drainage of the wound channel (DST). Although the first results of this operation seemed to be promising, some of my colleagues felt that the blind approach to this procedure could be its potential "weak point"...
March 12, 2018: Surgical Technology International
Jun Kamei, Satoshi Yazawa, Shingo Yamamoto, Naoto Kaburaki, Satoru Takahashi, Masami Takeyama, Masayasu Koyama, Yukio Homma, Soichi Arakawa, Hiroshi Kiyota
AIMS: We conducted a nationwide survey on perioperative management and antimicrobial prophylaxis of transvaginal mesh surgeries for pelvic organ prolapse in Japan to understand the practice and risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI). METHODS: Health records of women undergoing tension-free vaginal mesh (TVM) surgeries from 2010 to 2012 were obtained from 135 medical centers belonging to the Japanese Society of Pelvic Organ Prolapse Surgery. The questionnaire addressed hospital volume, perioperative management, and SSI...
March 11, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Laercio R Porto-Neto, Derek M Bickhart, Antonio J Landaeta-Hernandez, Yuri T Utsunomiya, Melvin Pagan, Esbal Jimenez, Peter J Hansen, Serdal Dikmen, Steven G Schroeder, Eui-Soo Kim, Jiajie Sun, Edward Crespo, Norman Amati, John B Cole, Daniel J Null, Jose F Garcia, Antonio Reverter, William Barendse, Tad S Sonstegard
Evolutionary adaptations are occasionally convergent solutions to the same problem. A mutation contributing to a heat tolerance adaptation in Senepol cattle, a New World breed of mostly European descent, results in the distinct phenotype known as slick, where an animal has shorter hair and lower follicle density across its coat than wild type animals. The causal variant, located in the 11th exon of prolactin receptor , produces a frameshift that results in a truncated protein. However, this mutation does not explain all cases of slick coats found in criollo breeds...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Hyojung Kang, Rachel L Orlowsky, Gregory J Gerling
In mammals, touch is encoded by sensory receptors embedded in the skin. For one class of receptors in the mouse, the architecture of its Merkel cells, unmyelinated neurites, and heminodes follow particular renewal and remodeling trends over hair cycle stages from ages 4 to 10 weeks. As it is currently impossible to observe such trends across a single animal's hair cycle, this work employs discrete event simulation to identify and evaluate policies of Merkel cell and heminode dynamics. Well matching the observed data, the results show that the baseline model replicates dynamic remodeling behaviors between stages of the hair cycle - based on particular addition and removal polices and estimated probabilities tied to constituent parts of Merkel cells, terminal branch neurites and heminodes...
December 2017: Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference
Kathryn A Martin, R Rox Anderson, R Jeffrey Chang, David A Ehrmann, Rogerio A Lobo, M Hassan Murad, Michel M Pugeat, Robert L Rosenfield
Objective: To update the "Evaluation and Treatment of Hirsutism in Premenopausal Women: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline," published by the Endocrine Society in 2008. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed task force of seven medical experts and a methodologist. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jeevitaa Kshersagar, Ravi Kshirsagar, Shashikant Desai, Raghvendra Bohara, Meghnad Joshi
Direct application of amnion has greater risk of immunological rejection and infection. Decellularization is an effective method to lower the risk of immune complications and infections. The bioreactor assembly with multiple cassettes was designed for decellurization of multiple amnions with different cell types simultaneously in single run. A detergent-based protocol was modified to remove all cellular components from amnion and diminish the DNA content to render it non-immunogenic. Amnion (n = 10) were treated with 2% sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), 5% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and 2% sodium deoxycholeate (SD)...
March 5, 2018: Cell and Tissue Banking
D Lavanya, S Manimaran, K Bhagyalakshmi
There are so many beauty salons in Metropolis to provide these services to women exclusively [1]. These beauty salons depend mostly on electricity for their services to customers, without it there is no effective means of operation [2]. These beauty salons are definitely leading to women empowerment.It is run by the women for women. Since they fall under the category of micro and small enterprises, these salons may avail so many financial and non- financial advantages from the Government of India. They also provide employment opportunities to the women employees...
February 9, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Bridget Haire, Paul Komesaroff, Rose Leontini, C Raina MacIntyre
Vaccination is a highly effective public health strategy that provides protection to both individuals and communities from a range of infectious diseases. Governments monitor vaccination rates carefully, as widespread use of a vaccine within a population is required to extend protection to the general population through "herd immunity," which is important for protecting infants who are not yet fully vaccinated and others who are unable to undergo vaccination for medical or other reasons. Australia is unique in employing financial incentives to increase vaccination uptake, mainly in the form of various childcare payments and tax benefits linked to timely, age-appropriate vaccination...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Venkataram Mysore, Omprakash H Mahadevappa, Shyamanta Barua, Imran Majid, Vishalakshi Viswanath, Ramesh M Bhat, Suresh Talwar, Salim Thurakkal, Sanjeev J Aurangabadkar, Manas Chatterjee, Anil Ganjoo
Background: Currently, the standard protocol regarding the performance of procedures on patients receiving or having recently received isotretinoin (13- cis -retinoic acid) states that the procedures should not be performed. The recommendations in standard books and drug insert require discontinuation of isotretinoin for 6 months before performing cosmetic procedures, including waxing, dermabrasion, chemical peels, laser procedures, or incisional and excisional cold-steel surgery. These recommendations have been followed for over two decades despite little evidence for the stated increased risk of scarring...
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Paraskevi Vivian Papas, Dominick Congiusta, Giles R Scuderi, Fred D Cushner
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is recognized as one of the most successful surgical procedures performed today. One of the most common and dreaded complications of TKA is postoperative infection. To prevent infections, it is critical to identify patients at high risk through analyzing their risk factors, and help in addressing them prior to surgery. The effort to prevent infection must be carried through every step of the surgical process, from preoperative counseling to intraoperative measures and postoperative protocols...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Wei Liu, Matyas Molnar, Carolyn Garnham, Heval Benav, Helge Rask-Andersen
The human inner ear, which is segregated by a blood/labyrinth barrier, contains resident macrophages [CD163, ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1 (IBA1)-, and CD68-positive cells] within the connective tissue, neurons, and supporting cells. In the lateral wall of the cochlea, these cells frequently lie close to blood vessels as perivascular macrophages. Macrophages are also shown to be recruited from blood-borne monocytes to damaged and dying hair cells induced by noise, ototoxic drugs, aging, and diphtheria toxin-induced hair cell degeneration...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Uwe Wollina, Dana Langner, Georgi Tchernev, Katlein França, Torello Lotti
Epidermoid cysts are common benign lesions of hair-bearing, and less often glabrous skin. They can also occur in oral mucosa and internal organs. In case of cutaneous lesions, an epidermal punctum is a clinical diagnostic hallmark. The clinical presentation is variable leading to some differential diagnoses. Diagnosis of epidermoid cysts needs histopathological confirmation - not only of the potential of malignant transformation. The treatment of choice is surgery. We report a retrospective analysis of 2159 epidermoid cysts treated surgically...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Abdullah Al-Hargan, Yasser A Ghobara, Ahmad Al-Issa
BACKGROUND: Laser hair removal is an effective and safe method for the permanent reduction of unwanted hair. Common side effects include temporary pain, transient erythema, and perifollicular edema. Purpuric eruption is a rare adverse event. CASE PRESENTATION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case report of purpura induced by laser hair removal. Our patient is a 50-year-old woman of Arab origin. Her positive reaction to a laser hair removal provocation test helped in the diagnosis; her condition was managed with an orally administered corticosteroid, leading to complete resolution within 5 days...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Alexandra J Lin, Sarah J Karinja, Jaime L Bernstein, Julia Jin, Yoshiko Toyoda, Andrew J Miller, Pat B Zanzonico, Jason A Spector
INTRODUCTION: Capsular contracture after breast reconstruction is a morbid complication, occurring in 30.0% to 47.5% of patients undergoing postoperative radiotherapy. Although it is well known that radiation increases rate of capsular contracture, there are few well-established animal models that faithfully replicate standard-of-care clinical practice, that is, prosthesis placement at the time of mastectomy followed by delayed radiotherapy. To better recapitulate current clinical practice, we developed a murine model in which the implant sites were irradiated 10 days postoperatively, rather than at time of surgery...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Lolita Tsanaclis, Maristela Andraus, John Wicks
Despite having been extensively discussed over the last decade, the differentiation between systemic exposure and external contamination still continues to be one of the limitations of hair testing for drugs. For this reason, we consider it worthwhile to re-state some basic principles in this short review. Various studies investigating a diversity of wash protocols, most using artificially contaminated hair with cocaine, have been valuable in evaluating wash efficacy and in understanding the incorporation of drugs in hair...
February 7, 2018: Forensic Science International
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