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Hair removal

Pelin Üstüner, Ali Balevi, Mustafa Özdemir
INTRODUCTION: There is no satisfactory and efficient method for long-term removal of white-colored and thin hair. METHODS: We conducted a randomised clinical trial of hirsute patients with excessive white and/or thin hair on the face and/or axilla. In Group I (n: 16), the facial hair on one side of the face was painted with a black eyelash mascara immediately before Nd:YAG laser and the other half was only treated by Nd:YAG. In Group II (n: 20), the axillary hair on one side was painted with the mascara before the Alexandrite laser with the other side being only treated by Alexandrite...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Jyoti Gupta, Kavish Chouhan, Amrendra Kumar, C Ariganesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Anaïs L Carniciu, Jonathan Chou, Ilya Leskov, Suzanne K Freitag
PURPOSE: This study retrospectively reviews preseptal cellulitis and abscesses involving the eyebrow to elucidate the bacteriology and potential causative factors. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to identify patients who had been diagnosed with preseptal cellulitis or abscess involving the eyebrow at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary between 2008 and 2015. Demographic, clinical, and microbiological data were collected. RESULTS: Eighty patients with eyebrow infections were identified, of whom 49 (61...
October 5, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Mathieu Veyrat, Benjamin Verillaud, Philippe Herman, Damien Bresson
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEA) are an alternative for removing challenging nasopharyngeal or skull base lesions. In some cases, a nasoseptal flap (NSF) is not always available and such complex procedures may lead to carotid arteries exposition and/or dura mater (DM) wide opening. Meticulous carotid coverage and DM reconstruction are crucial for preventing early and delayed complications. METHOD: We propose a step-by-step description of the pedicled temporoparietal fascia flap (TPFF) technique, with a focus on its pitfalls, advantages and limits...
October 7, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Hidayatullah Hamidi, Marzia Muhammadi, Bismillah Saberi, Mohammad Arif Sarwari
INTRODUCTION: Trichobezoar is a rare clinical entity in which a ball of hair amasses within the alimentary tract. It can either be found as isolated mass in the stomach or may extend into the intestine. Trichobezoars mostly occur in young females with psychiatric disorders such as trichophagia and trichotillomania. CASE REPORT: Authors present a giant trichobezoar in an 18year old female presented with complaints of upper abdominal mass, epigastric area pain, anorexia and weight loss...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Hadi Kahe, Mahmoud Chamsaz
A simple and reliable supramolecule-aggregated liquid solid microextraction method is described for preconcentration and determination of trace amounts of bismuth in water as well as human blood serum and hair samples. Catanionic microstructures of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) surfactants, dissolved in deionized water/propanol, are used as a green solvent to extract bismuth (III)-diethyldithiocarbamate complexes by dispersive microextraction methodology. The extracted solid phase is easily removed and dissolved in 50 μL propanol for subsequent measurement by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ET-AAS)...
November 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Caroline C Gillespie, Stephen B Adams, George E Moore
OBJECTIVE: To determine common methods for intra-articular injections and variables associated with the risk of septic arthritis following intra-articular injection in the horse. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Equine veterinarians. METHODS: A link to an online survey was distributed to equine practitioners in 2014. Responses for descriptive data were tabulated. Data on infection rates obtained from medical records were analyzed...
October 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Todd J Kowalski, Shanu N Kothari, Michelle A Mathiason, Andrew J Borgert
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial prevention efforts, surgical site infections (SSIs) remain the most common health care-associated infection. It is unclear whether the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendation to leave hair intact preoperatively reduces SSIs. STUDY DESIGN: A single-center, prospective, randomized, clinical trial was conducted from October 2009 to February 2015 in a 325-bed multispecialty, tertiary care teaching hospital to test the noninferiority of clipping hair to no hair removal in the prevention of SSIs...
April 23, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Zoe Reed, Clinton Doering, Paul M Barrett
A 9 yr old rat terrier presented with corneal ulceration and conjunctivitis that developed acutely after digging among dry leaves in wooded northern Arizona. Ophthalmic examination revealed multiple linear foreign bodies throughout the adnexal tissue and cornea of the left eye. Manual removal of material was unsuccessful. The palpebral conjunctiva required excision with tenotomy scissors to remove structures and allow corneal healing. Microscopic examination revealed structures believed to be setae from a Theraphosidae tarantula...
September 29, 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Jessica L Gonzalez, Natalia Plotnikova, Andrew Seymour, Ciaran M Mannion, Richard Danialan, David Rosmarin
Trichilemmomas are benign cutaneous proliferations derived from the outer root sheath of the hair follicle. They most often occur on the head and neck region and show a female predominance. When multiple, they are associated with Cowden syndrome (CS), a rare disorder due to an autosomal dominant germline mutation in PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10), a tumor suppressor gene. Trichilemmomas outside of the head and neck region are rare, and as such, the association with CS is not clear. A 28-year-old healthy female with no significant family history of cancer presented to her dermatologist with multiple erythematous papules on the left anterior ankle, starting at birth...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Alain Manceau, Mironel Enescu, Alexandre Simionovici, Martine Lanson, Maria Gonzalez-Rey, Mauro Rovezzi, Rémi Tucoulou, Pieter Glatzel, Kathryn L Nagy, Jean-Paul Bourdineaud
Humans are contaminated by mercury in different forms from different sources. In practice, contamination by methylmercury from fish consumption is assessed by measuring hair mercury concentration, whereas exposure to elemental and inorganic mercury from other sources is tested by analysis of blood or urine. Here, we show that diverse sources of hair mercury at concentrations as low as 0.5 ppm can be individually identified by specific coordination to C, N, and S ligands with high energy-resolution X-ray absorption spectroscopy...
October 4, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Waqas Ullah, Kaiser Saleem, Ejaz Ahmad, Faiz Anwer
Rapunzel syndrome is an extremely rare condition associated with trichophagia (hair eating disorder) secondary to a psychiatric illness called trichotillomania (hair-pulling behaviour). It is most commonly seen in children and adolescents. Untreated cases can lead to a number of complications. We present a case of a middle-aged woman with sudden intractable vomiting and constipation associated with bilateral pedal oedema and significant weight loss. Laboratory investigations revealed low serum protein levels...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Nathanial R Miletta, Sang Kim, Amanda Lezanski-Gujda, Anthony M Rossi, Jason D Marquart
BACKGROUND: Wounded warriors with lower limb amputations using prosthetics commonly develop dermatologic complaints at the residual limb-prosthetic interface, which impact their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). To optimize this interface, military dermatologists routinely treat the subset of issues related to the pilosebaceous unit with laser hair removal (LHR). OBJECTIVE: To characterize the impact of residual limb skin conditions on HRQOL in wounded warriors using lower limb prosthetics before and after treatment with LHR...
October 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Shehzad Khalid, Uzma Jamil, Kashif Saleem, M Usman Akram, Waleed Manzoor, Waqas Ahmed, Amina Sohail
This paper presents a novel technique for segmentation of skin lesion in dermoscopic images based on wavelet transform along with morphological operations. The acquired dermoscopic images may include artifacts inform of gel, dense hairs and water bubble which make accurate segmentation more challenging. We have also embodied an efficient approach for artifacts removal and hair inpainting, to enhance the overall segmentation results. In proposed research, color space is also analyzed and selection of blue channel for lesion segmentation have confirmed better performance than techniques which utilizes gray scale conversion...
2016: SpringerPlus
Paul A Hansen, Mark W Beatty
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Whether using tap water to rinse off debris will make a clinical difference to the surface detail of a gypsum cast is unknown. In addition, how best to remove debris from the cast is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the efficiency of different methods of cleaning a gypsum cast after trimming and the effect of short-term exposure to tap water on the surface quality of the cast. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A die fitting American National Standards Institute/American Dental Association specification 25 (International Standards Organization specification 6873) for dental gypsum products was embedded in a Dentoform with the machined lines positioned at the same level as the occlusal surface of the posterior teeth...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Devesh Jalan, Neginder Saini, Mohammad Zaidi, Alexandra Pallottie, Stella Elkabes, Robert F Heary
OBJECTIVE In acute traumatic brain injury, decompressive craniectomy is a common treatment that involves the removal of bone from the cranium to relieve intracranial pressure. The present study investigated whether neurological function following a severe spinal cord injury improves after utilizing either a durotomy to decompress the intradural space and/or a duraplasty to maintain proper flow of cerebrospinal fluid. METHODS Sixty-four adult female rats (n = 64) were randomly assigned to receive either a 3- or 5-level decompressive laminectomy (Groups A and B), laminectomy + durotomy (Groups C and D), or laminectomy + duraplasty with graft (Group E and F) at 24 hours following a severe thoracic contusion injury (200 kilodynes)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Connie Harris, R Gary Sibbald, Asfandyar Mufti, Ranjani Somayaji
PURPOSE: To present a 10-step approach to the assessment and treatment of pilonidal sinus disease (PSD) and related wounds based on the Harris protocol, expert opinion, and a current literature review. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. OBJECTIVES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to: ABSTRACT: Pilonidal sinus disease (PSD) is a common problem in young adults and particularly in males with a deep natal or intergluteal cleft and coarse body hair...
October 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
David J Sly, Luke Campbell, Aaron Uschakov, Saieda Tasfia Saief, Matthew Lam, Stephen J O'Leary
HYPOTHESIS: Applying neurotrophins to the round window immediately after a single noise exposure will prevent noise-induced hidden hearing loss. BACKGROUND: Loud noise can eliminate neural connections between inner hair cells and their afferent neurons (thereby diminishing sound perception) without causing a detectable change on audiogram. This phenomenon is termed hidden hearing loss. METHODS: Guinea pigs were exposed for 2 hours to 4 to 8 kHz noise at either 95 or 105 dB SPL...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Shu-Chao Weng, Chyong-Hsin Hsu, Nien-Lu Wang, Shuan-Pei Lin, Chuen-Bin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Menkes disease (MD) is a disorder of copper metabolism due to ATP7A gene mutation that leads to severe copper deficiency. Deformed blood vessels can be found in many parts of the body, and intracranial hematoma is generally reported. METHODS: We report a Taiwanese boy with MD who had recurrent spontaneous subserosal hematoma of ileum presenting as intestinal obstruction, with the 2 episodes 23 months apart. The patient returned to the usual physical status after surgical removal of the hematoma...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Robabeh Alijanpour, Fatemeh Aliakbarpour
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hirsutism or excess hair growth is a common dermatological problem in females, affecting up to 10% of females worldwide. We aimed this study to compare the two hair-shortening methods shaving vs. snipping among hirsute women regarding the outcome of the therapy and also the paradoxical hypertrichosis phenomenon (terminal hair regrowth) 6 months after the final therapy session. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 129 premenopausal women affected by hirsutism were randomly divided into two study groups according to hair-shortening method: shaving as group A (66 patients) and hair shortening by scissor as group B (63 patients)...
September 11, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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