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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912787/a-comparative-laboratory-trial-evaluating-the-immediate-efficacy-of-fluralaner-afoxolaner-sarolaner-and-imidacloprid%C3%A2-%C3%A2-permethrin-against-adult-rhipicephalus-sanguineus-sensu-lato-ticks-attached-to-dogs
#1
Federica Burgio, Leon Meyer, Rob Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Acaricides are used to treat and prevent tick infestations, and a common clinical scenario is to administer an acaricide on observing an attached tick. Consequently, immediate acaricidal efficacy (onset of activity and speed of kill) results are clinically valuable. This study evaluated the immediate efficacy of four commercially available acaricides against adult Rhipicephalus sanguineus (sensu lato). METHODS: Forty dogs were blocked on hair length and tick carrying capacity, then randomly assigned to receive one of four treatments (fluralaner, sarolaner, imidacloprid + permethrin, or afoxolaner) or left untreated as controls...
December 3, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911117/are-lasers-superior-to-lights-in-the-photoepilation-of-fitzpatrick-v-and-vi-skin-types-a-comparison-between-nd-yag-laser-and-intense-pulsed-light
#2
Bibilash Bs, Ravi Kumar Chittoria, Devinder Mohan Thappa, Devi Prasad Mohapatra, Friji M T, Dineshkumar S, Sandhya Pandey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are no large volume comparative studies available to compare the efficacy of lasers over lights for hair removal in Fitzpatrick V and VI skin types. This study is designed to compare the efficacy of Nd:YAG Laser versus IPL in the darker skin types. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty nine patients included in Group-1 were treated with Nd:YAG and 31 in group-2 with IPL. Both groups received 5 sessions of treatment. The hair counts were assessed using digital photography and manual counting method before and after treatment and results were analysed...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884570/a-gc-ms-method-for-the-detection-and-quantitation-of-ten-major-drugs-of-abuse-in-human-hair-samples
#3
A Orfanidis, O Mastrogianni, A Koukou, G Psarros, H Gika, G Theodoridis, N Raikos
A sensitive analytical method has been developed in order to identify and quantify major drugs of abuse (DOA), namely morphine, codeine, 6-monoacetylmorphine, cocaine, ecgonine methyl ester, benzoylecgonine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine and methylenedioxyamphetamine in human hair. Samples of hair were extracted with methanol under ultrasonication at 50°C after a three step rinsing process to remove external contamination and dirt hair. Derivatization with BSTFA was selected in order to increase detection sensitivity of GC/MS analysis...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875033/comparison-of-preoperative-hair-removal-methods-for-the-reduction-of-surgical-site-infections-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Dingmei Shi, Yao Yao, Weifei Yu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of different methods of preoperative hair removal in reducing surgical site infections (SSIs). BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a major source of morbidity and prolonged hospitalization following surgery. However, there is a lack of data regarding the impact of different preoperative hair removal techniques on the incidence of SSIs. DESIGN: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855344/adsorption-of-methyl-orange-by-synthesized-and-functionalized-cnts-with-3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane-loaded-tio2-nanocomposites
#5
Amirah Ahmad, Mohd Hasmizam Razali, Mazidah Mamat, Faizatul Shimal Binti Mehamod, Khairul Anuar Mat Amin
This study aims to develop a highly efficient adsorbent material. CNTs are prepared using a chemical vapor deposition method with acetylene and synthesized mesoporous Ni-MCM41 as the carbon source and catalyst, respectively, and are then functionalized using 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) through the co-condensation method and loaded with commercial TiO2. Results of X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Raman spectra, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirm that the synthesized CNTs grown are multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)...
November 14, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844245/a-model-of-signal-processing-at-the-isolated-hair-cell-of-the-frog-semicircular-canal
#6
Rita Canella, Marta Martini, Maria Lisa Rossi
A computational model has been developed to simulate the electrical behavior of the type II hair cell dissected from the crista ampullaris of frog semicircular canals. In its basolateral membrane, it hosts a system of four voltage-dependent conductances (g A , g KV , g KCa , g Ca ). The conductance behavior was mathematically described using original patch-clamp experimental data. The transient K current, IA, was isolated as the difference between the currents obtained before and after removing IA inactivation...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827560/development-of-a-novel-automated-hair-counting-system-for-the-quantitative-evaluation-of-laser-hair-removal
#7
Hyoung-Woo Lim, Minwoo Cho, Dong-Hun Lee, Wooseok Koh, Youdan Kim, Jin Ho Chung, Sungwan Kim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop and validate a novel computer-assisted automated hair counting system for the quantitative evaluation of laser hair removal (LHR). METHODS: We developed a computer-aided image processing system to count hairs on shaved skin and validated its performance through clinical trials. Five volunteers of Fitzpatrick skin type III-IV volunteered and were tested on both thighs. The system automatically detects hair and places a "+" sign on each hair site for every positive detection...
November 3, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814925/minimizing-hair-dispersal-is-this-an-opportunity-for-improvement-in-health-care-acquired-infection-prevention
#8
Christopher R Mantyh, Hugo Xi, Lena Pearson, Trish M Perl
We performed a study to understand common practices in surgical site hair removal and barriers to guideline compliance in surgical site hair removal. We found most health care providers in the United States do not remove hair outside of the operating room. Our findings reveal minimizing hair dispersal in the operating room, including improved and innovative ways for collecting clipped loose hair, is a significant area for improvement in surgical quality and health care-acquired infection prevention.
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795791/-late-onset-dermatophytic-disease
#9
Christelle Natacha Ebongo Aboutou, Fouzia Hali, Soumya Chihab
Dermatophytic disease, described for the first time in 1959 by Hadida and Schousboe, is a chronic dermatophyte infection of the skin and viscera. It is a rare disease occurring mainly in Maghreb. Immunological studies have highlighted a deficit of cellular immunity with autosomal recessive transmission responsible for tolerance to dermatophyte. The first signs of this disease usually occur during childhood. Our patient suffered from pachyonychia affecting all his nails and erythematous, circinate, pruritic, scaly lesions occurring in all his seed coat from the age of 50 years...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774100/recurrence-of-dysplastic-nevi-is-strongly-associated-with-extension-of-the-lesions-to-the-lateral-margins-and-into-the-deep-margins-through-the-hair-follicles-in-the-original-shave-removal-specimens
#10
Amin Maghari
Melanocytic nevi, including dysplastic or atypical nevi (DN), can recur or persist following shave removal procedures, and recurrence may resemble melanoma, both clinically and histologically (pseudomelanoma). Recurrence may originate from proliferation of the remaining neoplastic melanocytes following incomplete removal. The present study determines the rate and etiology of this event. A cross-sectional analysis of 110 excision specimens showing histological recurrence was performed, and these specimens were compared to the slides of the original shave specimens showing mildly atypical DN...
2016: Dermatology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769689/fetiform-teratoma-in-the-ovary-of-a-7-year-old-a-case-report
#11
Hanna R Goldberg, Lisa Allen, Sari Kives
BACKGROUND: Fetiform teratoma, a highly differentiated mature cystic teratoma resembling a fetus, is rare and typically found in the ovaries of women of reproductive age. This report describes the youngest case of ovarian fetiform teratoma. CASE: A 7-year-old female presented with acute abdominal pain. Radiological examinations revealed a 5.2 cm ovarian complex cystic mass with fetal-like components in favour of fetus-in-fetu (FIF) and teratoma. Following surgical removal, the mass resembled a fetus consisting of a head, two eye slits, two small upper limb projections, and hair...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762642/efficacy-and-safety-of-mascara-dyeing-as-an-adjunct-to-alexandrite-and-nd-yag-laser-applications-for-removing-thin-and-white-colored-facial-and-axillary-hair
#12
Pelin Üstüner, Ali Balevi, Mustafa Özdemir
INTRODUCTION: There is no satisfactory and efficient method for long-term removal of white-colored and thin hair. METHODS: We conducted a randomised clinical trial of hirsute patients with excessive white and/or thin hair on the face and/or axilla. In Group I (n: 16), the facial hair on one side of the face was painted with a black eyelash mascara immediately before Nd:YAG laser and the other half was only treated by Nd:YAG. In Group II (n: 20), the axillary hair on one side was painted with the mascara before the Alexandrite laser with the other side being only treated by Alexandrite...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761096/white-hair-removal-with-follicular-unit-extraction
#13
Jyoti Gupta, Kavish Chouhan, Amrendra Kumar, C Ariganesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749618/clinical-presentation-and-bacteriology-of-eyebrow-infections-the-massachusetts-eye-and-ear-infirmary-experience-2008-2015
#14
Anaïs L Carniciu, Jonathan Chou, Ilya Leskov, Suzanne K Freitag
PURPOSE: This study retrospectively reviews preseptal cellulitis and abscesses involving the eyebrow to elucidate the bacteriology and potential causative factors. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to identify patients who had been diagnosed with preseptal cellulitis or abscess involving the eyebrow at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary between 2008 and 2015. Demographic, clinical, and microbiological data were collected. RESULTS: Eighty patients with eyebrow infections were identified, of whom 49 (61...
October 5, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714466/how-i-do-it-the-pedicled-temporoparietal-fascia-flap-for-skull-base-reconstruction-after-endonasal-endoscopic-approaches
#15
Mathieu Veyrat, Benjamin Verillaud, Philippe Herman, Damien Bresson
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEA) are an alternative for removing challenging nasopharyngeal or skull base lesions. In some cases, a nasoseptal flap (NSF) is not always available and such complex procedures may lead to carotid arteries exposition and/or dura mater (DM) wide opening. Meticulous carotid coverage and DM reconstruction are crucial for preventing early and delayed complications. METHOD: We propose a step-by-step description of the pedicled temporoparietal fascia flap (TPFF) technique, with a focus on its pitfalls, advantages and limits...
October 7, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701002/a-rare-clinic-entity-huge-trichobezoar
#16
Hidayatullah Hamidi, Marzia Muhammadi, Bismillah Saberi, Mohammad Arif Sarwari
INTRODUCTION: Trichobezoar is a rare clinical entity in which a ball of hair amasses within the alimentary tract. It can either be found as isolated mass in the stomach or may extend into the intestine. Trichobezoars mostly occur in young females with psychiatric disorders such as trichophagia and trichotillomania. CASE REPORT: Authors present a giant trichobezoar in an 18year old female presented with complaints of upper abdominal mass, epigastric area pain, anorexia and weight loss...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699649/a-new-supramolecular-based-liquid-solid-microextraction-method-for-preconcentration-and-determination-of-trace-bismuth-in-human-blood-serum-and-hair-samples-by-electrothermal-atomic-absorption-spectrometry
#17
Hadi Kahe, Mahmoud Chamsaz
A simple and reliable supramolecule-aggregated liquid solid microextraction method is described for preconcentration and determination of trace amounts of bismuth in water as well as human blood serum and hair samples. Catanionic microstructures of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) surfactants, dissolved in deionized water/propanol, are used as a green solvent to extract bismuth (III)-diethyldithiocarbamate complexes by dispersive microextraction methodology. The extracted solid phase is easily removed and dissolved in 50 μL propanol for subsequent measurement by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ET-AAS)...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696461/methods-and-variables-associated-with-the-risk-of-septic-arthritis-following-intra-articular-injections-in-horses-a-survey-of-veterinarians
#18
Caroline C Gillespie, Stephen B Adams, George E Moore
OBJECTIVE: To determine common methods for intra-articular injections and variables associated with the risk of septic arthritis following intra-articular injection in the horse. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Equine veterinarians. METHODS: A link to an online survey was distributed to equine practitioners in 2014. Responses for descriptive data were tabulated. Data on infection rates obtained from medical records were analyzed...
October 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687471/impact-of-hair-removal-on-surgical-site-infection-rates-a-prospective-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#19
Todd J Kowalski, Shanu N Kothari, Michelle A Mathiason, Andrew J Borgert
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial prevention efforts, surgical site infections (SSIs) remain the most common health care-associated infection. It is unclear whether the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendation to leave hair intact preoperatively reduces SSIs. STUDY DESIGN: A single-center, prospective, randomized, clinical trial was conducted from October 2009 to February 2015 in a 325-bed multispecialty, tertiary care teaching hospital to test the noninferiority of clipping hair to no hair removal in the prevention of SSIs...
April 23, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685360/tarantula-hair-keratoconjunctivitis-with-concurrent-fungal-infection-in-a-rat-terrier
#20
Zoe Reed, Clinton Doering, Paul M Barrett
A 9 yr old rat terrier presented with corneal ulceration and conjunctivitis that developed acutely after digging among dry leaves in wooded northern Arizona. Ophthalmic examination revealed multiple linear foreign bodies throughout the adnexal tissue and cornea of the left eye. Manual removal of material was unsuccessful. The palpebral conjunctiva required excision with tenotomy scissors to remove structures and allow corneal healing. Microscopic examination revealed structures believed to be setae from a Theraphosidae tarantula...
November 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
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