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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159692/germacrone-and-sesquiterpene-enriched-extracts-from%C3%A2-curcuma-aeruginosa-roxb-increase-skin-penetration-of-minoxidil-a-hair-growth-promoter
#1
Jukkarin Srivilai, Neti Waranuch, Anothai Tangsumranjit, Nantaka Khorana, Kornkanok Ingkaninan
Minoxidil is approved for topical treatment of androgenic alopecia but hampered by poor cutaneous absorption. Recently, the randomized control trial showed that hair loss treatment of minoxidil was improved by co-application of the anti-androgen, Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb. extract. Here, we aimed to show that the apparent synergism arises from improved cutaneous penetration of minoxidil by bioactive compound, germacrone or C. aeruginosa (as an n-hexane extract, or essential oil). The partition coefficient of germacrone was determined by HPLC...
November 20, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152297/sudden-swelling-and-redness-of-the-toe
#2
Vera Tengattini, Michela Magnano, Annalisa Patrizi, Iria Neri
The presence of history of redness and swelling of toe in an infant without history of trauma is typical of hair threat tourniquet syndrome. The treatment simply involves incision and removal of hair fibers. Physicians should be aware of this syndrome because early diagnosis and treatment avoid serious complications.
November 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142740/combined-empirical-mode-decomposition-and-texture-features-for-skin-lesion-classification-using-quadratic-support-vector-machine
#3
Maram A Wahba, Amira S Ashour, Sameh A Napoleon, Mustafa M Abd Elnaby, Yanhui Guo
Purpose: Basal cell carcinoma is one of the most common malignant skin lesions. Automated lesion identification and classification using image processing techniques is highly required to reduce the diagnosis errors. Methods: In this study, a novel technique is applied to classify skin lesion images into two classes, namely the malignant Basal cell carcinoma and the benign nevus. A hybrid combination of bi-dimensional empirical mode decomposition and gray-level difference method features is proposed after hair removal...
December 2017: Health Information Science and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130406/pubic-hair-removal-and-phthirus-pubis-infestation
#4
Stefano Veraldi, Rossana Schianchi, Stefano Ramoni, Gianluca Nazzaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125405/cutibacterium-formerly-propionibacterium-acnes-infections-associated-with-implantable-devices
#5
Amal A Gharamti, Zeina A Kanafani
Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes), a Gram-positive biofilm-forming rod implicated in acne vulgaris, is increasingly recognized for its role in implant-associated infections. The diagnosis of C. acnes implant-associated infections remains challenging. The optimal treatment is a combination of both surgical intervention and antibiotic therapy. Areas Covered: In this review, we discuss the different types of implant-associated infections caused by C. acnes. We also highlight the clinical manifestations pertaining to the various sites of infection, and identify several risk factors previously reported in the literature...
November 10, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118543/laser-induced-synlabia-cryptomenorrhea-and-urine-retention-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Thoraya Fadul-Elahi, Nusrat Batool Janjua
Cosmetic laser use has many pros and cons. The worldwide use of laser for body hair removal has led to many medical complications. Unsupervised use of the laser for hair removal in vulva may result in many problems and can merely damage the vulva, although rarely, affecting the body image. This rare and novel case report is a 21 year old virgin who presented with acute urinary retention and cryptomenorrhea due to complete synlabia secondary to unsupervised vulval laser hair removal. The urinary retention was relieved by suprapubic catheterization initially...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110043/-axillary-and-perimamillary-fox-fordyce-disease-apocrine-miliaria-in-a%C3%A2-19-year-old-woman
#7
S Hanner, R Schneiderbauer, A Enk, F Toberer
Fox-Fordyce disease (FFD), also known as apocrine miliaria, is a rare and chronic skin disease characterized by itching and skin-colored, light brown or yellowish papules. FFD typically affects postpubertal young women between 13 and 35 years. The etiology is not completely known, but a hormonal component is in discussion. Furthermore, exacerbating factors like laser hair removal and hyperhidrosis have been described. Treatment of FFD is quite challenging, as the reported modalities mostly show limited success...
November 6, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104609/a-discrete-transition-zone-between-cuticle-and-cortex-layers-of-a-human-hair-fibre-changes-observed-in-the-presence-of-breast-cancer
#8
Donald Lyman, Paula Gerstmann
Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FT-IR) spectroscopy of hair fibres shows a discrete transition zone (DTZ) between the hard protective cuticle layer and the softer elongated cortical cells of the cortex. The DTZ is composed of flattened orthocortical cells located on the outer perimeter of the cortex and appears to range in thickness between 2 and 3.6 μm. The inner surface of the DTZ, adjacent to the elongated cortical cells that make up the core of the hair fibre, is irregular. ATR-FT-IR analyses of these flattened orthocortical cells indicate major changes in the molecular structure of keratins found in this transition zone...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104417/pubic-hair-shaving-is-correlated-to-vulvar-dysplasia-and-inflammation-a-case-control-study
#9
Meike Schild-Suhren, Amr A Soliman, Eduard Malik
Objective: The risk factors for vulvar dysplasia and infections are not fully known. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation between pubic hair shaving and the occurrence of vulvar inflammation, dysplasia, and cancer. Methods: This study was performed between January 2013 and December 2016 in which a standardized questionnaire concerning genital hair shaving was administered to vulvar dysplasia and cancer patients and healthy participants. The presence of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and the occurrence of genital inflammation were documented...
2017: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102076/prevention-of-surgical-site-infection-analysis-and-narrative-review-of-clinical-practice-guidelines
#10
Francisco Javier Gómez-Romero, Maria Fernández-Prada, Juan Francisco Navarro-Gracia
Surgical site infection is one of the most prevalent healthcare-associated infections and presents a considerable morbidity. The aim of this comprehensive narrative review is to describe the evidence and grade of recommendation of the preventive measures developed in the three phases of the surgical process (preoperative, perioperative and postoperative phases), as well as coincidences and divergences between selected Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG). Four preventive measures were recommended with similar high grade evidence in all CPG: Hair removal, antibiotic prophylaxis, surgical site preparation and normothermia...
October 25, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098907/a-novel-method-for-the-detection-of-vep-signals-from-frontal-region
#11
Chih-Tsung Chang, Christina Huang
This paper studies the feasibility of frontal positioning of electrode to detect EEG signals. The proposed method involves placing a reference electrode on the forehead (Fp2) to examine visually evoked potential (VEP) signals instead of the mid-occipital electrode location (Oz) used in the traditional measurement methods. We employed widely used VEP methods, including steady-state VEP (SSVEP), flash VEP (FVEP) and Phase to investigate and compare the brain wave signals from both the Oz and Fp2 position. Traditional measurement at the Oz location are limited because of the interference from human hair, and an additional electrode is required to detect eye movement and filter this Electro-Oculogram (EOG) signal...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092968/hair-thread-tourniquet-syndrome-in-a-male-infant-a-rare-surgical-emergency
#12
Louise Dunphy, Yash Verma, Rossel Morhij, Michael Lamyman
Hair thread tourniquet syndrome (HTTS) is a rare surgical emergency that occurs when one or more appendages are acutely circumferentially strangulated by human hair. If left untreated it may induce prolonged ischaemia, resulting in tissue necrosis or autoamputation of the affected digit. It may involve the fingers, toes, penis or labia. It typically occurs in infants, but cases have also been reported in adults. Prompt recognition and treatment by complete removal of the constricting agent is crucial to preserve the affected tissue...
November 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089786/can-laser-treatment-improve-quality-of-life-of-hirsute-women
#13
Narges Alizadeh, Sharad Ayyoubi, Mohammadreza Naghipour, Rasool Hassanzadeh, Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri, Shirin Zaresharifi, Kaveh Gharaei Nejad
BACKGROUND: Hirsutism can have negative impacts on psychosocial aspects of women's lives and reduce their quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study was to assess the QOL of these women during laser treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight women with unwanted facial hair underwent laser therapy. Each patient completed a questionnaire consisting of a modified Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and visual analog scale (VAS) before the first, third, and fifth sessions of laser therapy...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080721/no-350-hirsutism-evaluation-and-treatment
#14
Kimberly Liu, Tarek Motan, Paul Claman
OBJECTIVES: To review the etiology, evaluation, and treatment of hirsutism. EVALUATION: A thorough history and physical examination plus selected laboratory evaluations will confirm the diagnosis and direct treatment. TREATMENT: Pharmacologic interventions can suppress ovarian or adrenal androgen production and block androgen receptors in the hair follicle. Hair removal methods and lifestyle modifications may improve or hasten the therapeutic response...
November 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067636/a-novel-finding-of-rapunzel-syndrome
#15
Itaru Iwama, Ryusuke Nambu, Tomoko Hara
Rapunzel syndrome is a rare form of gastric trichobezoar (hair ball) involving extension of a tail of the hair into the small bowel. A 13-year-old girl was admitted with a 4-day history of epigastric pain and nausea which worsened after meals. Abdominal ultrasound showed duodenal wall thickening and lymphadenopathy. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy identified a gastric trichobezoar with a tail extending into the duodenum. In addition, multiple longitudinal duodenal and jejunal ulcers were noted. The ulcers appeared to be a result of direct pressure by the tail itself against the intestinal mucosa...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064982/lasers-and-energy-based-devices-in-men
#16
REVIEW
Milène K Crispin, George J Hruza, Suzanne L Kilmer
BACKGROUND: The demand for cosmetic treatments with lasers and energy-based devices has increased among men, but there is a dearth of literature that addresses the approach and treatment of cosmetic male patients. OBJECTIVE: To summarize common cosmetic concerns for which male patients seek cosmetic treatments and to provide sex-specific recommendations for the lasers and energy-based devices that can be used for treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a literature search using the PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases using the search terms male, men, gender, and cosmetic dermatology...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062845/efficacy-of-aloevera-cream-in-the-treatment-of-paederus-dermatitis-in-mice
#17
Ramin Khaghani, Iraj Mirzaii-Dizgah, Mostafa Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Dermatitis caused by Paederus beetle involves many people around the world, especially Iran. The symptoms include redness, itching and severe irritation. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Aloevera cream on the treatment of dermatitis caused by Paederus beetles. METHODS: Forty male 6-8 weeks BALB/C mice were randomly divided into four groups of 10 mice. After removing the mice's back hair, the backs of mice were marked by a circle with a diameter of 3 mm...
June 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059945/hair-and-bare-skin-discrimination-for-laser-assisted-hair-removal-systems
#18
Sercan Cayir, Imam Samil Yetik
Laser-assisted hair removal devices aim to remove body hair permanently. In most cases, these devices irradiate the whole area of the skin with a homogenous power density. Thus, a significant portion of the skin, where hair is not present, is burnt unnecessarily causing health risks. Therefore, methods that can distinguish hair regions automatically would be very helpful avoiding these unnecessary applications of laser. This study proposes a new system of algorithms to detect hair regions with the help of a digital camera...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056431/effects-of-surgical-lesions-on-choline-acetyltransferase-activity-in-the-cat-cochlea
#19
Mark J Frilling, Gregory J Wiet, Donald A Godfrey, Judy A Parli, Jon D Dunn, C David Ross
Although it is well established that the choline acetyltransferase (ChAT, the enzyme for acetylcholine synthesis) in the mammalian cochlea is associated with its olivocochlear innervation, the distribution of this innervation in the cochlea varies somewhat among mammalian species. The quantitative distribution of ChAT activity in the cochlea has been reported for guinea pigs and rats. The present study reports the distribution of ChAT activity within the organ of Corti among the three turns of the cat cochlea and the effects of removing olivocochlear innervation either by a lateral cut aimed to totally transect the left olivocochlear bundle or a more medial cut additionally damaging the superior olivary complex on the same side...
October 10, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053700/come-to-the-light-side-in-vivo-monitoring-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-biofilm-infections-in-chronic-wounds-in-a-diabetic-hairless-murine-model
#20
Alessandra M Agostinho Hunt, Jacob A Gibson, Casandra L Larrivee, Sandra O'Reilly, Svetlana Navitskaya, Julia V Busik, Christopher M Waters
The presence of bacteria as structured biofilms in chronic wounds, especially in diabetic patients, is thought to prevent wound healing and resolution. Chronic mouse wounds models have been used to understand the underlying interactions between the microorganisms and the host. The models developed to date rely on the use of haired animals and terminal collection of wound tissue for determination of viable bacteria. While significant insight has been gained with these models, this experimental procedure requires a large number of animals and sampling is time consuming...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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