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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785585/poisoning-associated-with-inappropriate-use-of-a-eutectic-mixture-of-lidocaine-and-prilocaine-before-laser-assisted-hair-removal-about-3-cases
#1
Weniko Caré, Islam-Amine Larabi, Jérôme Langrand, Chantal Medernach, Jean-Claude Alvarez, Antoine Villa
BACKGROUND: Eutectic mixtures of lidocaine and prilocaine are used during painful dermatological procedures. Poisoning is rarely reported in adults. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We report three cases of women who experienced lidocaine and prilocaine poisoning after laser-assisted hair removal. Plasma levels of local anesthetics were assayed by a fully validated liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. CASE REPORTS: The rules of application of the anesthetic cream were observed apart from the maximum dose and/or maximum surface area...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785086/the-utilization-of-an-ocular-wound-chamber-on-corneal-epithelial-wounds
#2
Jennifer S McDaniel, Andrew W Holt, Elaine D Por, Elof Eriksson, Anthony J Johnson, Gina L Griffith
Purpose: Currently available ocular moisture chambers are not adequate to manage the treatment of periocular burns, corneal injuries, and infection. The purpose of these studies was to demonstrate that a flexible, semi-transparent ocular wound chamber device adapted from technology currently used on dermal wounds is safe for use on corneal epithelial injuries. Materials and methods: A depilatory cream (Nair™, 30 seconds) was utilized to remove the excess hair surrounding the left eyes of anesthetized Institute Armand Frappier (IAF) hairless, female guinea pigs (Crl:HA-Hrhr)...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770335/the-significance-of-scalp-involvement-in-pemphigus-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Marta Sar-Pomian, Lidia Rudnicka, Malgorzata Olszewska
Scalp is a unique location for pemphigus because of the abundance of desmogleins localized in hair follicles. Scalp involvement is observed in up to 60% of patients in the course of pemphigus. The lesions may occasionally lead to alopecia. Unforced removal of anagen hairs in a pull test is a sign of high disease activity. Direct immunofluorescence of plucked hair bulbs is considered a reliable diagnostic method in patients with pemphigus. Follicular acantholysis is a characteristic histopathological feature of pemphigus lesions localized on the scalp...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765868/retrobulbar-steatitis-and-meningitis-empyema-secondary-to-right-otitis-media-right-otitis-interna-and-an-inflammatory-polyp-in-a-cat
#4
Elena Fenollosa-Romero, Olivier Taeymans, Pieter Nelissen, Giunio B Cherubini, Claudia Busse
The purpose was to describe a case of retrobulbar steatitis and meningitis in a cat caused by otitis media, otitis interna and an inflammatory polyp in the middle ear. Investigations included ophthalmic and neurological examinations, haematology and biochemistry, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis and aerobic, anaerobic bacterial and fungal culture of material from the middle ear. A 6-year-old female neutered domestic-short-haired cat presented with right-sided exophthalmos and resistance to retropulsion...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760098/cochlear-amplification-and-tuning-depend-on-the-cellular-arrangement-within-the-organ-of-corti
#5
Hamid Motallebzadeh, Joris A M Soons, Sunil Puria
The field of cochlear mechanics has been undergoing a revolution due to recent findings made possible by advancements in measurement techniques. While it has long been assumed that basilar-membrane (BM) motion is the most important determinant of sound transduction by the inner hair cells (IHCs), it turns out that other parts of the sensory epithelium closer to the IHCs, such as the reticular lamina (RL), move with significantly greater amplitude for weaker sounds. It has not been established how these findings are related to the complex cytoarchitecture of the organ of Corti between the BM and RL, which is composed of a lattice of asymmetric Y-shaped elements, each consisting of a basally slanted outer hair cell (OHC), an apically slanted phalangeal process (PhP), and a supporting Deiters' cell (DC)...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738672/polymorphic-elastocapillarity-kinetically-reconfigurable-self-assembly-of-hair-bundles-by-varying-the-drain-rate
#6
Dongwoo Shin, Sameh Tawfick
We report various patterns formed by draining liquid from hair bundles. Hair-like fibers arranged in triangular bundles self-assemble into various cross sections when immersed in liquid then removed. The combinations of their length and the kinetics, represented by the drain rate, lead to various polymorphic self-assemblies: concave hexagonal, triangular, circular or inverted triangular patterns. The equilibrium of these shapes is predicted by elastocapillarity: the balance between the bending strain energy of the hairs and the surface energy of the liquid...
May 8, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732346/a-new-algorithm-for-skin-lesion-border-detection-in-dermoscopy-images
#7
E Meskini, M S Helfroush, K Kazemi, M Sepaskhah
Background: With advances in medical imaging systems, digital dermoscopy has become one of the major imaging modalities in the analysis of skin lesions. Thus, automated segmentation or border detection has a great impact on the subsequent steps of skin cancer computer-aided diagnosis using demoscopy images. Since dermoscopy images suffer from artifacts such as shading and hair, there is a need for automated and robust artifact attenuation removal and lesion border detection. Methods: method for segmentation of dermoscopy images is proposed based on active contour...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731592/wooden-spatula-for-pain-reduction-in-upper-lip-laser-hair-removal
#8
Nayak U K Sudhir, Kakroo Nissar Shafia, Shenoi D Shrutakirthi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726808/perioperative-hair-removal-a-review-of-best-practice-and-a-practice-improvement-opportunity
#9
Maureen Spencer, Marsha Barnden, Helen Boehm Johnson, Loretta Litz Fauerbach, Denise Graham, Charles E Edmiston
The current practice of perioperative hair removal reflects research-driven changes designed to minimize the risk of surgical wound infection. An aspect of the practice which has received less scrutiny is the clean-up of the clipped hair. This process is critical. The loose fibers represent a potential infection risk because of the micro-organisms they can carry, but their clean-up can pose a logistical problem because of the time required to remove them. Research has demonstrated that the most commonly employed means of clean-up, the use of adhesive tape or sticky mitts, can be both ineffective and time-consuming in addition to posing an infection risk from cross-contamination...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725739/the-combination-of-expanded-scalp-flap-and-800-nm-diode-laser-in-the-reconstruction-of-forehead-defect
#10
Yang Li, Weiyang Li, Chaohua Liu, Qing Yang, Ping Xue, Hengxin Liu, Jiangbo Cui, Jianke Ding, Yingjun Su, Xianjie Ma
Skin grafting is often the first choice for closing forehead defects. However, the aesthetics of skin grafting-reconstructed forehead defects are still not accepted by a large number of patients. With the technological advancement of laser hair removal, scalp flaps have been considered as donors for reconstruction of forehead defects. We evaluated 10 cases of forehead defect reconstructions with expanded scalp flaps followed by hair removal by an 800 nm diode laser. All flaps survived uneventfully and underwent 4-6 laser treatments for hair removal...
May 3, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710557/quantification-of-the-traffic-generated-particulate-matter-capture-by-plant-species-in-a-living-wall-and-evaluation-of-the-important-leaf-characteristics
#11
Udeshika Weerakkody, John W Dover, Paul Mitchell, Kevin Reiling
Traffic-generated particulate matter (PM) is a significant fraction of urban PM pollution and little is known about the use of living walls as a short-term strategy to reduce this pollution. The present study evaluated the potential of twenty living wall plants to reduce traffic-based PM using a living wall system located along a busy road in Stoke-on-Trent, UK. An Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (ESEM) and ImageJ software were employed to quantify PM accumulation on leaves (PM1 , PM2.5 and PM10 ) and their elemental composition was determined using Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX)...
April 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706147/risky-business-is-pubic-hair-removal-by-women-associated-with-body-image-and-sexual-health
#12
Stephanie L Grossman, Rachel A Annunziato
Background: Body hair removal is a behaviour that has become normative among women in Westernised cultures, and is presented by the media as the feminine ideal, despite being painful and a potential cause of infection. Of concern, removal may be part of a more global pattern of appearance dissatisfaction and risky sexual behaviour. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships among pubic hair removal, body image and sexual health indicators. Methods: Women (n=264; Mage=33.82, s.d.=11.13, range=18-66) completed self-report questionnaires assessing these constructs, including an assessment of body hair removal practices...
April 30, 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704935/epidemiology-of-pituitary-pars-intermedia-dysfunction-a-systematic-literature-review-of-clinical-presentation-disease-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#13
REVIEW
J L Ireland, C M McGowan
Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is caused by an age-related degenerative disease of dopaminergic neurones. Despite its importance in equine practice, available information regarding its epidemiology is limited. This systematic review aimed to assess published literature to evaluate available evidence regarding the clinical presentation, prevalence and risk factors for PPID in horses and ponies. Electronic database searches were undertaken using a range of terms, and English language publications published prior to August 2016 were included...
May 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704562/a-survey-to-identify-the-breach-between-evidence-and-practice-in-the-prevention-of-surgical-infection-time-to-take-action
#14
REVIEW
Josep M Badia, Anna L Casey, Inés Rubio-Pérez, Cynthia Crosby, Nares Arroyo-García, José Balibrea Del Castillo
BACKGROUND: The knowledge of the grade of implementation of preventative measures for surgical site infection (SSI) is crucial prior to planning dissemination strategies. METHODS: Online survey among the members of the Spanish Association of Surgeons (AEC) to know the actual application of measures, and to compare them with new recommendations issued by international organizations. RESULTS: Most of the 835 responding surgeons work in National Health Service Hospitals (91...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673779/protective-effect-of-gallic-acid-against-cisplatin-induced-ototoxicity-in-rats
#15
Korhan Kilic, Muhammed Sedat Sakat, Fazile Nur Ekinci Akdemir, Serkan Yildirim, Yavuz Selim Saglam, Seda Askin
INTRODUCTION: Cisplatin is an antineoplastic agent widely used in the treatment of a variety of cancers. Ototoxicity is one of the main side-effects restricting the use of cisplatin. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective efficacy of gallic acid, in biochemical, functional and histopathological terms, against ototoxicity induced by cisplatin. METHODS: Twenty-eight female Sprague Dawley rats were included. Rats were randomly assigned into four groups of seven animals each...
April 7, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666359/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamics-of-self-assembled-cubic-liquid-crystalline-nanoparticle-gel-after-transdermal-administration
#16
Na Zhu, Xiao-Xiang Wu, Yong Tian, Jin-Xiu Zhu, Jian-Chun Li
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics after transdermal administration by a novel skin microdialysis technology in rats. The guinea pig model was established by investigating the pharmacodynamics. MATERIAL AND METHODS Three different agents were given after hair removal, and the samples were extracted by microdialysis and detected by HPLC. Subcutaneous/plasma concentration-time curves of the 3 different agents were analyzed and the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. The SS-04B UV light therapy instrument was used in the modeling...
April 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664510/rapunzel-syndrome-with-double-simultaneous-trichobezoar-in-a-teenager-clinical-case-report
#17
Miguel Bargas Ochoa, María Xacur Hernández, Mariela Espadas Torres, Alexis Quintana Gamboa, Iddar Tappan Lavadores, Nina Méndez Domínguez
Resumen: Introduction: Trichobezoars are an intraluminal accumulation of ingested hair. The Rapunzel syndrome refers to the presence of gastric trichobezoars which extend to the small intestine together with trichotillomania and trichophagia, that occur predominantly in psychiatric patients of pediatric age. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical course and resolution of this syndrome in a case report. Likewise, we provide information about the family environment and psycho-emotional context of the patients and help the reader identify similar circumstances in their clinical practice...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643728/use-of-otoscope-as-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-aid-in-umbilical-pilonidal-sinus-a-novel-technique
#18
Farhanul Huda, Sudhir Kumar Singh
Introduction: Umbilical disorders are frequently encountered in general surgical practice. Although the sacrococcygeal region is the most common site for pilonidal sinus disease, it can be seen occasionally in periumbilical area. Treatment is mostly conservative for umbilical pilonidal sinus in contrast to the sacrococcygeal sinus where it is always surgical. In the era of endoscopy and minimally invasive surgery, we describe the use of otoscope as a novel technique for the diagnosis and treatment of umbilical pilonidal sinus...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616126/dendritic-cells-loaded-with-hela-derived-exosomes-simulate-an-antitumor-immune-response
#19
Guoping Ren, Yanhong Wang, Shexia Yuan, Baolian Wang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of loading dendritic cells (DCs) with HeLa-derived exosomes on cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses, and the cytotoxic effects of CTL responses on the HeLa cell line. Ultrafiltration centrifugation combined with sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation was applied to isolate exosomes (HeLa-exo) from the supernatant of HeLa cells. Morphological features of HeLa-exo were identified by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the expression of cluster of differentiation (CD)63 was detected by western blotting...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614986/rapunzel-syndrome-an-infrequent-cause-of-severe-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-abdominal-pain-presenting-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#20
Giuseppe Cannalire, Luigi Conti, Maurizio Celoni, Carmine Grassi, Andrea Cella, Giulia Bensi, Patrizio Capelli, Giacomo Biasucci
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and abdominal pain are commonly seen in a pediatric emergency department (8 and 18% incidence respectively in our center). They are manifestations of a wide variety of diseases ranging from benign to immediately life-threatening. Trichobezoar is an under-diagnosed entity that has to be considered in children and adolescents, expecially female, suffering from trichotillomania (compulsion to pull hair) and trichophagy (compulsion to swallow hair)...
April 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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