keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hair removal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929966/-a-case-with-scalp-pruritus-caused-by-dermanysus-gallinae-order-mesostigmata
#1
Mustafa Şengül, Nida Kaçar, Mehmet Karaca, Sedef Zeliha Öner, Çağrı Ergin
Dermanyssus gallinae is one of the important hematophagous ectoparasite species of poultry like chicken, pigeon and wild bird species. These ectoparasites in the form of nymphs or adults who can not find their hosts are also seen in mammals and even in humans. For this reason, they are considered as important for public health. The ectoparasite causes a clinical condition named gamasoidosis among pet owners and people who live or work close to animal shelters, barns and chicken farms. Pruritus dermatitis is also caused by D...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925637/hair-loss-common-causes-and-treatment
#2
T Grant Phillips, W Paul Slomiany, Robert Allison
Hair loss is often distressing and can have a significant effect on the patient's quality of life. Patients may present to their family physician first with diffuse or patchy hair loss. Scarring alopecia is best evaluated by a dermatologist. Nonscarring alopecias can be readily diagnosed and treated in the family physician's office. Androgenetic alopecia can be diagnosed clinically and treated with minoxidil. Alopecia areata is diagnosed by typical patches of hair loss and is self-limited. Tinea capitis causes patches of alopecia that may be erythematous and scaly and must be treated systemically...
September 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919125/multi-institution-analysis-of-infection-control-practices-identifies-the-subset-associated-with-best-surgical-site-infection-performance-a-texas-alliance-for-surgical-quality-collaborative-project
#3
Catherine H Davis, Lillian S Kao, Jason B Fleming, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce surgical site infection (SSI) rates, a large number of infection control practices (ICPs), including operating room attire policies, have been recommended. However, few have proven benefits and many are costly, time-consuming, and detrimental to provider morale. The goal of this multi-institution study was to determine which ICPs are associated with lower postoperative SSI rates. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty American College of Surgeons NSQIP and Texas Alliance for Surgical Quality-affiliated hospitals completed this Quality Improvement Assessment Board-approved study...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917304/prevalence-of-ticks-and-tick-borne-pathogens-babesia-and-borrelia-species-in-ticks-infesting-cats-of-great-britain
#4
Saran Davies, Swaid Abdullah, Chris Helps, Séverine Tasker, Hannah Newbury, Richard Wall
In a study of tick and tick-borne pathogen prevalence, between May and October 2016, 278 veterinary practices in Great Britain examined 1855 cats. Six-hundred and one cats were found to have attached ticks. The most frequently recorded tick species was Ixodes ricinus (57.1%), followed by Ixodes hexagonus (41.4%) and Ixodes trianguliceps (1.5%). Male cats, 4-6 years of age living in rural areas were most likely to be carrying a tick; hair length and tick treatment history had no significant association with attachment...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915284/long-term-comparison-of-a-large-spot-vacuum-assisted-handpiece-vs-the-small-spot-size-traditional-handpiece-of-the-800-nm-diode-laser
#5
Nour J Youssef, Alain G Rizk, Omar A Ibrahimi, Zeina S Tannous
BACKGROUND The 800 nm long-pulsed diode laser machine is safe and effective for permanent hair reduction. Traditionally, most long-pulsed diode lasers used for hair removal had a relatively small spot size. Recently, a long-pulsed diode laser with a large spot size and vacuum assisted suction handpiece was introduced. The treatment parameters of each type of handpiece differ. Short and long-term clinical efficacy, treatment associated pain, and patient satisfaction are important factors to be considered. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to conduct a direct head to head comparison of both handpieces of the 800nm long-pulsed diode laser by evaluating long term hair reduction, treatment associated pain and patient satisfaction...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913304/trichilemmal-carcinoma-from-proliferating-trichilemmal-cyst-on-the-posterior-neck
#6
Ui Geon Kim, Dong Bee Kook, Tae Hun Kim, Chung Hun Kim
Trichilemmal cysts are common fluid-filled growths that arise from the isthmus of the hair follicle. They can form rapidly multiplying trichilemmal tumors-, also called proliferating trichilemmal cysts, which are typically benign. Rarely, proliferating trichilemmal cysts can become cancerous. Here we report the case of a patient who experienced this series of changes. The 27-year-old male patient had been observed to have a 1×1 cm cyst 7 years ago. Eight months prior to presentation at our institution, incision and drainage was performed at his local clinic...
March 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903047/caloric-restriction-promotes-structural-and-metabolic-changes-in-the-skin
#7
Maria Fernanda Forni, Julia Peloggia, Tárcio T Braga, Jesús Eduardo Ortega Chinchilla, Jorge Shinohara, Carlos Arturo Navas, Niels Olsen Saraiva Camara, Alicia J Kowaltowski
Caloric restriction (CR) is the most effective intervention known to enhance lifespan, but its effect on the skin is poorly understood. Here, we show that CR mice display fur coat remodeling associated with an expansion of the hair follicle stem cell (HFSC) pool. We also find that the dermal adipocyte depot (dWAT) is underdeveloped in CR animals. The dermal/vennule annulus vasculature is enlarged, and a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) switch and metabolic reprogramming in both the dermis and the epidermis are observed...
September 12, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900129/multiple-p450s-and-variation-in-neuronal-genes-underpins-the-response-to-the-insecticide-imidacloprid-in-a-population-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#8
Shane Denecke, Roberto Fusetto, Felipe Martelli, Alex Giang, Paul Battlay, Alexandre Fournier-Level, Richard A O' Hair, Philip Batterham
Insecticide resistance is an economically important example of evolution in response to intense selection pressure. Here, the genetics of resistance to the neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid is explored using the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel, a collection of inbred Drosophila melanogaster genotypes derived from a single population in North Carolina. Imidacloprid resistance varied substantially among genotypes, and more resistant genotypes tended to show increased capacity to metabolize and excrete imidacloprid...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895117/updated-view-on-epidemiology-and-clinical-aspects-of-pilomatricoma-in-adults
#9
Geo Han, Ae-Ree Kim, Hae Jun Song, Chil Hwan Oh, Jiehyun Jeon
BACKGROUND: Clinically, pilomatricoma offers potential for a wide spectrum of differential diagnoses. It typically occurs in pediatric patients with the head being the most common location. A second peak of clinical presentation occurs in adults at age 50-65 years, suggesting a bimodal pattern of occurrence. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and epidemiological features of pilomatricoma in adults over 20 years old, as it is a common and frequently misdiagnosed tumor...
October 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889787/evaluation-of-scalp-hair-nickel-and-chromium-level-changes-in-patients-with-fixed-orthodontic-appliance-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#10
Saman Jamshidi, Manouchehr Rahmati Kamel, Maysam Mirzaie, Ahmadreza Sarrafan, Soraya Khafri, Hadi Parsian
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The release of metal ions from orthodontic appliances is part of the dissolution and biomechanical processes of alloys. Nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr) are the elements commonly used in the manufacture of various components of fixed orthodontic appliances, including bands, brackets and wires. This study was aimed to measure the Ni and Cr ions levels in the scalp hair of patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliances in comparison of the control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient group consisted of 24 patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliances for one year, while the control group included 28 healthy individuals without orthodontic appliances...
September 9, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883094/coordinate-roles-for-itg%C3%AE-8-and-pcdh15-in-the-regulation-of-cilia-biogenesis-in-sensory-cells
#11
Linda Goodman, Marisa Zallocchi
The organism's perception of its surroundings depends on sensory systems and the highly specialized cilia present in the neurosensory cells. Here, we described the existence of an integrin alpha 8 (Itga8)/protocadherin-15a (Pcdh15a) ciliary complex in neuromast hair cells. Depletion of the complex via down-regulation or loss of function mutations leads to a dysregulation of cilia biogenesis and endocytosis. At the molecular level, removal of the complex blocks the access of Rab8a into the cilia as well as normal recruitment of ciliary cargo by centriolar satellites...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877223/adhering-to-a-national-surgical-care-bundle-reduces-the-risk-of-surgical-site-infections
#12
Mayke B G Koek, Titia E M Hopmans, Loes C Soetens, Jan C Wille, Suzanne E Geerlings, Margreet C Vos, Birgit H B van Benthem, Sabine C de Greeff
BACKGROUND: In 2008, a bundle of care to prevent Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) was introduced in the Netherlands. The bundle consisted of four elements: antibiotic prophylaxis according to local guidelines, no hair removal, normothermia and 'hygiene discipline' in the operating room (i.e. number of door movements). Dutch hospitals were advised to implement the bundle and to measure the outcome. This study's goal was to assess how effective the bundle was in reducing SSI risk. METHODS: Hospitals assessed whether their staff complied with each of the bundle elements and voluntary reported compliance data to the national SSI surveillance network (PREZIES)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876576/rapunzel-syndrome-african-variations-on-a-european-fairytale
#13
J Plaskett, G Chinnery, D Thomson, B Dedekind, E Jonas, S Thomson
BACKGROUND: Trichobezoars are intraluminal accretions of ingested hair. Rapunzel syndrome is a rare and extreme presentation with extension down through into the small intestine. Most frequently reported in children and psychiatric patients, we report on an African series of five patients. METHOD: Five patients presenting with trichobezoars were retrospectively reviewed and analysed with regard to patient background, demographics, clinical presentation, diagnosis, surgical management and complications...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858647/hair-segmentation-using-adaptive-threshold-from-edge-and-branch-length-measures
#14
Ian Lee, Xian Du, Brian Anthony
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive imaging techniques allow the monitoring of skin structure and diagnosis of skin diseases in clinical applications. However, hair in skin images hampers the imaging and classification of the skin structure of interest. Although many hair segmentation methods have been proposed for digital hair removal, a major challenge in hair segmentation remains in detecting hairs that are thin, overlapping, of similar contrast or color to underlying skin, or overlaid on highly-textured skin structure...
August 24, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839395/staphylococcus-lugdunensis-and-trichophyton-tonsurans-infection-in-synthetic-hair-implants
#15
Pedro Colli, Antonia Fellas, Ralph M Trüeb
Synthetic hair implants are considered in alopecia when the patient requests an immediate result with minor surgery and with a poor donor area. However, the procedure has historically been marred by poor quality fiber and performance resulting in serious complications. Nevertheless, companies continue to market the procedure with the claim that previous problems have been sorted out. We report a case of inflammation in synthetic hair implants, in which microbiological studies revealed infection with Staphylococcus lugdunensis and Trichophyton tonsurans...
April 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836540/gingival-fibromatosis-with-hypertrichosis-syndrome-case-series-of-rare-syndrome
#16
Preetha Balaji, S M Balaji
Gingival fibromatosis with hypertrichosis syndrome is an extremely rare genetic condition characterized by profound overgrowth of hair and gums, as well as other variable features. Gingival fibromatosis is characterized by a large increase in the gingival dimension which extends above the dental crowns, covering them partially or completely. They were found to have a genetic origin, may also occur in isolation or be part of a syndrome, or acquired origin, due to specific drugs administered systemically. Congenital generalized hypertrichosis is a heterogeneous group of diseases with continuing excessive growth of terminal hair without androgenic stimulation...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821294/understanding-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-from-the-patient-perspective-a-concept-elicitation-patient-interview-study
#17
Mona L Martin, Katarina Halling, Daniel Eek, Meaghan Krohe, Jean Paty
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the need for a new disease-specific patient reported outcome (PRO) measure for use in clinical trials of drugs designed to target the underlying causes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and in the process contribute to our understanding of the symptoms and impacts that define the patient experience with PCOS. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in 20 women diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria who had not menstruated in the previous month...
August 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815010/development-and-characterisation-of-a-low-concentration-sodium-dodecyl-sulphate-decellularised-porcine-dermis
#18
Jack A Helliwell, Daniel S Thomas, Vaia Papathanasiou, Shervanthi Homer-Vanniasinkam, Amisha Desai, Louise M Jennings, Paul Rooney, John N Kearney, Eileen Ingham
The aim of this study was to adapt a proprietary decellularisation process for human dermis for use with porcine skin. Porcine skin was subject to: sodium chloride (1 M) to detach the epidermis, trypsin paste to remove hair follicles, peracetic acid (0.1% v/v) disinfection, washed in hypotonic buffer and 0.1% (w/v) sodium dodecyl sulphate in the presence of proteinase inhibitors followed by nuclease treatment. Cellular porcine skin, decellularised porcine and human dermis were compared using histology, immunohistochemistry, GSL-1 lectin (alpha-gal epitope) staining, biochemical assays, uniaxial tensile and in vitro cytotoxicity tests...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813560/prevalence-of-pubic-hair-grooming-related-injuries-and-identification-of-high-risk-individuals-in-the-united-states
#19
Matthew D Truesdale, E Charles Osterberg, Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Molly A Elmer-DeWitt, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Isabel Allen, Benjamin N Breyer
Importance: Pubic hair grooming is a common practice that can lead to injury and morbidity. Objective: To identify demographic and behavioral risk factors associated with pubic hair grooming-related injuries to characterize individuals with high risk of injury and develop recommendations for safe grooming practices. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study conducted a national survey of noninstitutionalized US adults (aged 18-65 years)...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791605/laser-and-light-treatments-for-hair-reduction-in-fitzpatrick-skin-types-iv-vi-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Rachel A Fayne, Marina Perper, Ariel E Eber, Adam S Aldahan, Keyvan Nouri
Unwanted facial and body hair presents as a common finding in many patients, such as females with hirsutism. With advances in laser and light technology, a clinically significant reduction in hair can be achieved in patients with light skin. However, in patients with darker skin, Fitzpatrick skin types (FST) IV-VI, the higher melanin content of the skin interferes with the proposed mechanism of laser-induced selective photothermolysis, which is to target the melanin in the hair follicle to cause permanent destruction of hair bulge stem cells...
August 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
keyword
keyword
48292
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"