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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137810/technique-for-precaval-and-laterocaval-nodes-excision-at-extraperitoneal-paraaortic-lymphadenectomy
#1
M Gorostidi, C Villalain, R Ruiz, I Jaunarena, A Lekuona
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique for excision of the pre-caval and laterocaval nodes using an extraperitoneal approach. This technique was developed to make the dissection and excision of the less accessible nodes in an easier and safer way by minimizing the risk of great vessels injury and bleeding. DESIGN: Step-by-step description of the surgical procedure using video (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: The procedure was performed at a teaching hospital, Hospital Universitario Donostia (Spain)...
November 11, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113006/transjugular-portal-vein-recanalization-with-creation-of-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-pvr-tips-in-patients-with-chronic-non-cirrhotic-non-malignant-portal-vein-thrombosis
#2
Christoph Klinger, Bettina Riecken, Arthur Schmidt, Andrea De Gottardi, Benjamin Meier, Jaime Bosch, Karel Caca
Purpose To determine safety and efficacy of transjugular portal vein recanalization with creation of intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (PVR-TIPS) in patients with chronic non-cirrhotic, non-malignant portal vein thrombosis (PVT). Methods This retrospective study includes 17 consecutive patients with chronic non-cirrhotic PVT (cavernous transformation n = 15). PVR-TIPS was indicated because of variceal bleeding (n = 13), refractory ascites (n = 2), portal biliopathy with recurrent cholangitis (n = 1), or abdominal pain (n = 1)...
November 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109883/nd-yag-laser-photodisruption-for-multilevel-premacular-hemorrhage-due-to-isolated-retinal-venous-macroaneurysm
#3
Kenan Sonmez, Pehmen Y Ozcan
A 55-year-old man presented with sudden deterioration of vision in the right eye. His visual acuity was reduced to hand motion because of a large multilevel premacular hemorrhage. Nd:YAG laser was performed to drain the entrapped hemorrhage under the internal limiting membrane (ILM) and posterior hyaloid face in the macula into the vitreous. Immediately after laser treatment, streaming of red blood cells into the vitreous gel through the perforation site was observed. At the first-month follow-up, BCVA improved to 20/25 and ILM wrinkling was observed at the macula where the preretinal hemorrhage cleared...
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097175/characteristics-of-patients-and-patterns-of-chronic-venous-disease-of-the-lower-limbs-in-a-referral-hospital-in-cameroon
#4
Marcus Fokou, Boniface Moifo, Emmanuel Fongang, Abel Teyang, Wallinjon Muna
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the magnitude of chronic venous disease (CVD) in sub-Saharan Africa, specifically the characteristics of the patients, the symptoms, the signs, and the severity. METHODS: From December 2013 to December 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted of all consecutive patients with CVD aged ≥18 years and attending the outpatient clinic of the Yaoundé General Hospital in Cameroon. We recorded information on demographics, relevant medical history, symptoms, lifestyle, and clinical presentation...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083089/hmgb1-induced-angiogenesis-in-perforated-disc-cells-of-human-temporomandibular-joint
#5
Yaping Feng, Jin Ke, Pinyin Cao, Mohong Deng, Jian Li, Hengxing Cai, Qinggong Meng, Yingjie Li, Xing Long
High mobility group 1 protein (HMGB1), a highly conserved nuclear DNA-binding protein and inflammatory mediator, has been recently found to be involved in angiogenesis. Our previous study has demonstrated the elevation of HMGB1 in the tissue of perforated disc of temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Here, we investigated a novel mediator of HMGB1 in regulating hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to mediate angiogenesis in perforated disc cells of TMJ. HMGB1 increased the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF in a dose- and time-dependent manner in these cells...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073499/management-of-major-vascular-injury-during-pedicle-screw-instrumentation-of-thoracolumbar-spine
#6
Aleem K Mirza, Mohammed Ali Alvi, Ryan M Naylor, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, William E Krauss, Michelle J Clarke, Daniel L Shepherd, Ahmad Nassr, Randall R DeMartino, Mohamad Bydon
OBJECTIVES: Vascular injury is a rare complication of spinal instrumentation. Presentation can vary from immediate hemorrhage to pseudoaneurysm formation. In the literature, surgical approach to repair has varied based on anatomy, acuity of diagnosis, infection, and available technology. In this manuscript, we aim to describe our institutional experience with vascular injuries in thoraco-lumbar spine surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report our institutional experience of three cases of vascular injury secondary to pedicle screw misplacement and their management, as well as a review of the literature...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069877/is-robot-assisted-surgery-really-scarless-surgery-immediate-reconstruction-with-a-jejunal-free-flap-for-esophageal-rupture-after-robot-assisted-thyroidectomy
#7
Seong Hoon Park, Joo Hyun Kim, Jun Won Lee, Hii Sun Jeong, Dong Jin Lee, Byung Chun Kim, In Suck Suh
Esophageal perforation is a rare but potentially fatal complication of robot-assisted thyroidectomy (RAT). Herein, we report the long-term outcome of an esophageal reconstruction with a jejunal free flap for esophageal rupture after RAT. A 33-year-old woman developed subcutaneous emphysema and hoarseness on postoperative day1 following RAT. Esophageal rupture was diagnosed by computed tomography and endoscopy, and immediate surgical exploration confirmed esophageal rupture, as well as recurrent laryngeal nerve injury...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067937/subfascial-endoscopic-perforator-surgery-a-safe-and-novel-minimal-invasive-procedure-in-treating-varicose-veins-in-2-nd-trimester-of-pregnancy-for-below-knee-perforator-incompetence
#8
Manash Ranjan Sahoo, Leesa Misra, Sumeet Deshpande, Sambit Kumar Mohanty, Santosh Kumar Mohanty
AIM: Aim of this study is to evaluate the results of Subfascial Endoscopic Perforator Surgery(SEPS) in treating varicose veins in 2nd trimester of pregnancy for below knee perforator incompetence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case series was undertaken at our institute from the period January 2010 to January 2014 on 45 pregnant women. Pregnant women with failed conservative management for varicose veins were subjected to SEPS in 2nd trimester Perioperative parameters like operative time, intraoperative complications, post-operative complications, hospital stay, pain relief, ulcer healing duration and recurrence rate were studied...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066060/re-introducing-the-delto-acromial-perforator-flap-clinical-experience-and-cadaver-dissection
#9
Adrian S H Ooi, Daniel R Butz, Chad M Teven, Lawrence J Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Although perforator flaps from the pectoral branch of the thoraco-acromial (TA) axis have been well-described, there are few reports of perforator flaps based on the delto-acromial (DA) branches. We have found a reliable perforator coming off the DA branch of the TA axis, and have named a flap based on this vessel the delto-acromial perforator (DAP) flap. We describe our experience with the DAP flap together with a fresh cadaver anatomical study. METHODS: A retrospective review of all DAP flaps performed between December 2012 and January 2015 at our institution, with analysis of operative details, flap characteristics and surgical outcomes...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064925/lower-extremity-free-flaps-for-breast-reconstruction
#10
REVIEW
Joseph H Dayan, Robert J Allen
Thigh-based flaps are typically a secondary option for breast reconstruction because of concerns regarding limited tissue volume and donor-site morbidity. In recent years, there have been a number of new techniques and insights that have resulted in greater flexibility and improved outcomes. This article reviews lessons learned from a large collective experience using the following 4 flaps: transverse upper gracilis also known as transverse myocutaneous gracilis, diagonal upper gracilis, profunda artery perforator, and lateral thigh perforator flaps...
November 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062636/blood-supply-to-the-integument-of-the-abdomen-of-the-rat-a-surgical-perspective
#11
Diogo Casal, Diogo Pais, Inês Iria, Paula A Videira, Eduarda Mota-Silva, Sara Alves, Luís Mascarenhas-Lemos, Cláudia Pen, Valentina Vassilenko, João Goyri-O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Many fundamental questions regarding the blood supply to the integument of the rat remain to be clarified, namely the degree of homology between rat and humans. The aim of this work was to characterize in detail the macro and microvascular blood supply to the integument covering the ventrolateral aspect of the abdominal wall of the rat. METHODS: Two hundred five Wistar male rats weighing 250-350 g were used. They were submitted to gross anatomical dissection after intravascular colored latex injection (n = 30); conversion in modified Spalteholz cleared specimens (n=10); intravascular injection of a Perspex solution, and then corroded, in order to produce vascular corrosion casts of the vessels in the region (n = 5); histological studies (n = 20); scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts (n = 10); surgical dissection of the superficial caudal epigastric vessels (n = 100); and to thermographic evaluation (n = 30)...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037353/shortened-protocol-for-radiofrequency-ablation-of-perforator%C3%A2-veins
#12
Afsha Aurshina, Anil Hingorani, Sheila Blumberg, Ahmad Alsheekh, Natalie Marks, Amrit Hingorani, Eleanor Iadagarova, Enrico Ascher
BACKGROUND: Routine radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of an incompetent perforator vein (IPV) using the standard treatment protocol at 85°C has a treatment time of 6 minutes. To make treatment time more efficient, we sought to determine the effect of a shortened protocol for radiofrequency stylet (RFS) ablation by comparing the early success using three different temperatures: 85°C, 90°C, and 95°C. METHODS: A retrospective study examined 642 procedures of IPV closures in 255 patients with varying degrees of venous insufficiency treated with RFA from 2009 to 2015...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023350/an-artificial-cadaveric-leg-blood-flow-system-for-endoscopic-vein-harvesting-simulation
#13
Constantine L Karras, Emily A DeDonato, Kaitlin K DiBartola, Jin-Cheng Zhao
Despite being the most common training model for endoscopic vein harvesting, cadaveric legs are limited by their absence of blood flow, resulting in a faded vascular appearance. Because the saphenous vein and the surrounding tissue seem less distinguishable, dissection of the saphenous vein and bipolar coagulation of its branches becomes increasingly inefficient and difficult. An inexpensive artificial blood flow system was developed to overcome this limitation. A cadaveric leg was thawed to a soft and yielding degree, and the saphenous vein was dissected medial and proximal to the medial malleolus...
September 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957991/venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-the-management-of-contralateral-iatrogenic-bronchus-perforation-during-lower-bilobectomy
#14
Dejan Radakovic, Marc Lazarus, Rainer G Leyh, Ivan Aleksic
Tracheobronchial rupture by a double-lumen endobronchial tube is a rare but life-threatening complication. We report a case of bronchial rupture during contralateral bilobectomy. Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support was instituted via the right femoral vein and the internal jugular vein with the patient in the left lateral decubitus position. Sleeve resection of the ruptured bronchus was performed. The patient was successfully discharged home. Rapid institution of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is helpful to manage this intraoperative complication...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956692/cyanoacrylate-adhesive-embolization-and-sclerotherapy-for-primary-varicose-veins
#15
Krishna Prasad Bellam Premnath, Binu Joy, Vijayakumar Akondi Raghavendra, Ajith Toms, Teena Sleeba
Various treatment methods are available for the treatment of varicose veins, and there has been a recent surge in the usage of cyanoacrylate glue for treating varicose veins. Purpose To investigate the technical possibility, efficiency and safety of cyanoacrylate adhesive embolization and sclerotherapy using commonly available n-butyl cyanoacrylate glue for the treatment of primary varicose veins due to great saphenous vein reflux with or without incompetent perforators. Materials and Methods One hundred forty-five limbs of 124 patients with varicose veins due to great saphenous vein reflux were subjected to cyanoacrylate adhesive embolization and sclerotherapy - adhesive embolization of great saphenous vein in the thigh and perforators using cyanoacrylate followed by sclerotherapy of any residual varicose veins in the leg...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956508/treatment-of-incompetent-perforators-in-recurrent-venous-insufficiency-with-adhesive-embolization-and-sclerotherapy
#16
Krishna Prasad Bp, Binu Joy, Ajith Toms, Teena Sleeba
Recurrent lower limb venous insufficiency is often a challenge in clinical practice and is most commonly due to incompetent perforators. Many of these patients do not have adequate symptom relief with compression and require some form of treatment for incompetent perforator interruption. Various treatment methods have been tried with different efficiencies. Objective To evaluate the feasibility, efficiency and safety of an outpatient combined cyanoacrylate adhesion-sodium tetradecyl sulphate sclerotherapy for treatment of patients with symptoms of persistent or recurrent lower limb venous insufficiency secondary to incompetent perforators...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951796/iatrogenic-ivc-perforation-after-successful-catheter-directed-thrombolysis
#17
Ata Firoozi, Jamal Moosavi, Omid Shafe, Parham Sadeghipour
Central vein perforation as a rare complication of venous interventions is considered a nightmare if occurring in thoracic cage but behaves benignly in abdominal or pelvic region. This is not a rule, as we unfortunately encountered during the procedure of venous intervention in our patient. Although mechanical control of iatrogenic perforation or rupture is the first and most critical step during interventional procedures, the importance of anticoagulant and thrombolytic agents reversal should not be overlooked...
2017: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926877/-clinical-effects-of-repair-of-wounds-in-fingers-after-electrical-burn-with-wrist-perforator-free-flaps
#18
H P Di, C D Xia, P P Xing, Q Li, D W Han, J D Xue, D Y Cao
Objective: To explore the clinical effects of repair of wounds in the fingers after electrical burn with wrist perforator free flaps. Methods: Twelve patients (13 fingers) with electrical burn were hospitalized in our burn ward from January 2016 to January 2017. After radical debridement, the size of wounds ranged from 5.0 cm×2.0 cm to 10.0 cm×7.0 cm. Wounds with size below or equal to 6.0 cm ×2.5 cm were repaired with free flaps based on the superficial palmar branch of radial artery, with flap area ranging from 2...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922187/novel-histologic-finding-adipose-tissue-is-prevalent-within-penile-tunica-albuginea-and-corpora-cavernosa-an-anatomic-study-of-63-specimens-and-considerations-for-cancer-invasion
#19
Ingrid M Rodriguez, Martin Cuevas, Arturo Silvero, Sofía Cañete-Portillo, Diego F Sanchez, Jose Barreto, Antonio L Cubilla
Adipose tissue, along with arteries, veins, and peripheral nerves, is a normal constituent of mesenchymal tissues encasing the corpora cavernosa at the level of the penile shaft, variously designated as penile fascia or Bucks fascia. To our knowledge, the presence of fat has not been previously reported within the corpora cavernosa. One or 2 transversal histologic sections at the level of the surgical margin at the shaft of 63 consecutive partial penectomy specimens for squamous cell carcinoma were evaluated...
November 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901573/validation-of-a-novel-cartoseg%C3%A2-segmentation-module-software-for-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Hasan Imanli, Shaun Bhatty, Jean Jeudy, Yousra Ghzally, Kiddy Ume, Rama Vunnam, Refael Itah, Mati Amit, John Duell, Vincent See, Stephen Shorofsky, Timm M Dickfeld
INTRODUCTION: Visualization of left atrial (LA) anatomy using image integration modules has been associated with decreased radiation exposure and improved procedural outcome when used for guidance of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. We evaluated the CARTOSEG™ CT Segmentation Module (Biosense Webster, Inc.) that offers a new CT-specific semiautomatic reconstruction of the atrial endocardium. METHODS: The CARTOSEG™ CT Segmentation Module software was assessed prospectively in 80 patients undergoing AF ablation...
September 13, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
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