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Teenage pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938187/unique-identifiers-needed-to-make-national-data-sets-fit-for-public-health-purposes-the-example-of-subsequent-teenage-pregnancy-in-england-and-wales
#1
L A McDaid, J Collier, M J Platt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914178/-you-just-have-to-learn-to-keep-moving-on-young-women-s-experiences-with-unplanned-pregnancy-in-the-cook-islands
#2
Ashley L White, Emily S Mann, Fiona Larkan
The Cook Islands is one of several countries in the Pacific region that has high rates of teenage pregnancy and birth. While the social determinants of pregnancy and early motherhood are well established in the global context, little is known about how Cook Islands young women who become pregnant before age 20 make sense of their experiences. Drawing on individual interviews with a purposive sample of 10 young mothers, this paper examines the phenomenology of early pregnancy from their perspectives. Structural, cultural and individual factors emerged as salient themes in participants' accounts...
September 15, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893235/inadequate-birth-spacing-is-perceived-as-riskier-than-all-family-planning-methods-except-sterilization-and-abortion-in-a-qualitative-study-among-urban-nigerians
#3
Hilary M Schwandt, Joanna Skinner, Luciana Estelle Hebert, Lisa Cobb, Abdulmumin Saad, Mojisola Odeku
BACKGROUND: Fertility is high in Nigeria and contraceptive use is low. Little is known about how urban Nigerians perceive the risk of contraceptive use in relation to pregnancy and birth. This study examines and compares the risk perception of family planning methods and pregnancy related scenarios among urban Nigerians. METHODS: A total of 26 focus group discussions with 243 participants were conducted in September and October 2010 in Ibadan and Kaduna. The groups were stratified by sex, age, family planning use, and city...
September 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886034/determinants-of-maternal-near-miss-among-women-in-public-hospital-maternity-wards-in-northern-ethiopia-a-facility-based-case-control-study
#4
Dejene Ermias Mekango, Mussie Alemayehu, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Gelila Goba
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, 20,000 women die each year from complications related to pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum. For every woman that dies, 20 more experience injury, infection, disease, or disability. "Maternal near miss" (MNM), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a woman who nearly dies, but survives a complication during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of a termination, is a proxy indicator of maternal mortality and quality of obstetric care. In Ethiopia, few studies have examined MNM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877677/maternal-body-mass-index-and-access-to-antenatal-care-a-retrospective-analysis-of-619-502-births-in-england
#5
Charlotte Barber, Judith Rankin, Nicola Heslehurst
BACKGROUND: Late access to antenatal care increases risks of adverse outcomes including maternal and perinatal mortality. There is evidence that BMI influences patient engagement with health services, such as cancer screening services and delayed access to treatment; this association has not been fully explored in the context of antenatal care. This study investigated the association between the stage of pregnancy women access antenatal care, BMI, and other socio-demographic factors. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of routine hospital data from 34 NHS maternity units in England, UK, including 619,502 singleton births between 1989 and 2007...
September 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851533/in-utero-exposure-to-malaria-is-associated-with-metabolic-traits-in-adolescence-the-agogo-2000-birth-cohort-study
#6
George Bedu-Addo, Marie Alicke, Justice K Boakye-Appiah, Inusah Abdul-Jalil, Markus van der Giet, Matthias B Schulze, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Ina Danquah
OBJECTIVES: Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) contributes to fetal undernutrition and adverse birth outcomes, and may constitute a developmental origin of metabolic diseases in the offspring. In a Ghanaian birth cohort, we examined the relationships between MiP-exposure and metabolic traits in adolescence. METHODS: MiP at delivery was assessed in 155 mother-child pairs. Among the now teenaged children (mean age, 14.8 years; 53% male), we measured fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body mass index (BMI), and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP)...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835911/perceptions-of-adolescent-pregnancy-among-teenage-girls-in-rakai-uganda
#7
Christina Maly, Katherine A McClendon, Joy Noel Baumgartner, Neema Nakyanjo, William George Ddaaki, David Serwadda, Fred Kakaire Nalugoda, Maria J Wawer, Erika Bonnevie, Jennifer A Wagman
The leading causes of death and disability among Ugandan female adolescents aged 15 to 19 years are pregnancy complications, unsafe abortions, and childbirth. Despite these statistics, our understanding of how girls perceive adolescent pregnancy is limited. This qualitative study explored the social and contextual factors shaping the perceptions of adolescent pregnancy and childbirth among a sample of 12 currently pregnant and 14 never pregnant girls living in the rural Rakai District of Uganda. Interviews were conducted to elicit perceived risk factors for pregnancy, associated community attitudes, and personal opinions on adolescent pregnancy...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829756/teenage-pregnancy-a-study-in-s%C3%A3-o-tom%C3%A3-and-pr%C3%A3-ncipe
#8
Fábia Carvalho, Inês de Medeiros, Catarina Faria, Djamilla Cotu, Endza Paula Will, Edgar Neves, Teresa Pontes
Introduction The increasing number of pregnant teenagers in São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) represents a serious public health issue. The aim of this study was to characterize the population of pregnant adolescents followed in a health facility dedicated to maternal health in STP. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant teenagers that attended the Mother and Child Protection Center during the first quarter of 2017. The survey contained questions on sociodemographic characteristics, sexual and risk behaviors, family, partners and health support...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806964/intervention-now-to-eliminate-repeat-unintended-pregnancy-in-teenagers-interupt-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-and-qualitative-and-realist-synthesis-of-implementation-factors-and-user-engagement
#9
Rabeea'h W Aslam, Maggie Hendry, Andrew Booth, Ben Carter, Joanna M Charles, Noel Craine, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Jane Noyes, Lupetu Ives Ntambwe, Diana Pasterfield, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Nefyn Williams, Rhiannon Whitaker
BACKGROUND: Unintended repeat conceptions can result in emotional, psychological and educational harm to young women, often with enduring implications for their life chances. This study aimed to identify which young women are at the greatest risk of repeat unintended pregnancies; which interventions are effective and cost-effective; and what are the barriers to and facilitators for the uptake of these interventions. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods systematic review which included meta-analysis, framework synthesis and application of realist principles, with stakeholder input and service user feedback to address this...
August 15, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782350/rate-of-teenage-pregnancy-in-jordan-and-its-impact-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#10
Yousef S Khader, Anwar Batieha, Rana Kareem Al Fursan, Rami Al-Hader, Sa'ad S Hijazi
Objective Research regarding the adverse outcomes of adolescent childbearing has suffered from many limitations such as a small sample size and non-representative samples. This study was conducted to determine the rate of teenage pregnancy among Jordanian adolescents and its associated adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Methods The study is a part of a comprehensive national study of perinatal mortality that was conducted between 2011 and 2012 in Jordan. All women who gave birth after 20 weeks of gestation in 18 maternity hospitals in Jordan between 2011 and 2012 were invited to participate in the study...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776838/assessing-variations-in-developmental-outcomes-among-teenage-offspring-of-teen-mothers-maternal-life-course-correlates
#11
Jungeun Olivia Lee, Lewayne D Gilchrist, Blair A Beadnell, Mary Jane Lohr, Chaoyue Yuan, Lacey A Hartigan, Diane M Morrison
This study investigated potential heterogeneity in development among offspring (age 17) of teen mothers and maternal life course as correlates of variation. Using latent class analysis, subgroups of developmental outcomes were identified. Maternal standing in two life course realms (i.e., socioeconomic and domestic) was considered as a potential explanation for heterogeneity in offspring's development. Offspring reported on measures assessing their psychological, academic, and behavioral development. Teen mothers reported on measures of life course realms...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748585/evolution-of-adolescent-fertility-after-decriminalization-of-abortion-in-montevideo-uruguay
#12
José-Ignacio Antón, Zuleika Ferre, Patricia Triunfo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect on adolescent fertility in Montevideo of the Uruguayan law on the voluntary termination of pregnancy that was passed in 2012. METHODS: The change in the number of births to teenage mothers between 2010 and 2014 was analyzed, along with their characteristics before and after decriminalization of abortion. RESULTS: Descriptive analysis of abortion before and after decriminalization showed that there was no reduction, during the period analyzed, in adolescent fertility, nor any changes in the distribution of births...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747094/a-comparison-of-socioeconomic-status-and-mental-health-among-inner-city-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-women
#13
Kevin Hamdullahpur, Kahá Wi J Jacobs, Kathryn J Gill
Aboriginal women in urban areas have been reported to experience high rates of poverty, homelessness, interpersonal violence, and health problems. However, there are few prior ethnocultural comparisons of urban women from similar socioeconomic backgrounds. The current study explored the mental and physical health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women accessing social services agencies and shelters. Half of the sample (n=172) was Aboriginal (48.3%). The lifetime rate of physical abuse was significantly higher in Aboriginal women, and they were more likely to have been victims of violence or crime in the past year (A=50...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707101/the-use-of-acog-guidelines-perceived-contraindications-to-iud-and-implant-use-among-family-planning-providers
#14
Ash E Philliber, Heather Hirsch, Claire D Brindis, Rita Turner, Susan Philliber
Objectives The uptake and actual use of the current guidelines from the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) is unknown. Methods Family planning providers across Colorado and Iowa were surveyed as part of statewide initiatives to reduce unintended pregnancy in 2010 and 2012, both before and after the release of the guidelines. These initiatives focused on the promotion of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants. These surveys included questions on providers' views regarding the suitability and safety of the copper T IUD, hormonal IUD, and single rod implant for various subgroups of clients...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676084/social-and-demographic-drivers-of-trend-and-seasonality-in-elective-abortions-in-denmark
#15
Tim A Bruckner, Laust H Mortensen, Ralph A Catalano
BACKGROUND: Elective abortions show a secular decline in high income countries. That general pattern, however, may mask meaningful differences-and a potentially rising trend-among age, income, and other racial/ethnic groups. We explore these differences in Denmark, a high-income, low-fertility country with excellent data on terminations and births. METHODS: We examined monthly elective abortions (n = 225,287) from 1995 to 2009, by maternal age, parity, income level and mother's country of origin...
July 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661244/mitigating-risks-to-pregnant-teens-from-zika-virus
#16
Andrew D Maynard, Diana M Bowman, James G Hodge
Zika infection in pregnant women is associated with an elevated probability of giving birth to a child with microcephaly and multiple other disabilities. Public health messaging on Zika prevention has predominantly targeted women who know they are pregnant or intend to become pregnant, but not teenage females for whom unintended pregnancy is more likely. Vulnerabilities among this population to reproductive risks associated with Zika are further amplified by restrictive abortion laws in several Zika-impacted states...
December 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651643/understanding-resilience-of-female-adolescents-towards-teenage-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#17
Constanze Pfeiffer, Collins K Ahorlu, Sandra Alba, Brigit Obrist
BACKGROUND: In Tanzania, teenage pregnancy rates are still high despite the efforts being made to reduce them. Not enough is known about how adolescents experience and cope with sexuality and teenage pregnancy. Over the past few decades, most studies have focused on vulnerability and risk among youth. The concept of 'reproductive resilience' is a new way of looking at teenage pregnancy. It shifts the perspective from a deficit-based to a strength-based approach. The study presented here aimed to identify factors that could contribute to strengthening the reproductive resilience of girls in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
June 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640332/pregnant-teenagers-group-contributions-to-prenatal-care
#18
Maria Veraci Oliveira Queiroz, Giselle Maria Duarte Menezes, Thaís Jormanna Pereira Silva, Eysler Gonçalves Maia Brasil, Raimunda Magalhães da Silva
Objective: To describe changes in nurses' care following the implementation of a group of pregnant teenagers in prenatal care based on the expectations and experiences of pregnant teenagers. Method: Qualitative and descriptive study conducted from February to November 2013 at a Primary Care Unit in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, through focus groups with 16 adolescents from the group of pregnant women in the second or third trimester of pregnancy. The analysis identified central ideas and units of meanings that formed the categories...
June 5, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639475/ecological-correlates-of-multiple-sexual-partnerships-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-urban-cape-town-a-cumulative-risk-factor-approach
#19
Evans Muchiri, Clifford Odimegwu, Pamela Banda, Lorreta Ntoimo, Sunday Adedini
Studies in South Africa have reported unsafe levels of risky sexual behvaiours among adolescents and young adults, with the country reporting the highest burden of HIV/AIDS globally, as well as a high rate of teenage pregnancy. While determinants of risky sexual behaviours have been investigated for factors occurring at the individual and household levels, not fully explored in the literature is the effect of community level factors. Furthermore, it is unclear whether risk factors occurring within the ecology of adolescents and young adults act cumulatively to influence their sexual practices...
July 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633549/an-update-on-zika-vaccine-developments
#20
Anna Durbin, Annelies Wilder-Smith
The devastating consequences of congenital Zika virus (ZIKV) infection led to a global response directed toward a better understanding of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of ZIKV and to efforts at vaccine development. As a result, there are currently 45 ZIKV vaccine candidates in development. Areas covered: Both traditional (purified inactivated, live attenuated, viral-vectored, recombinant sub-unit) and novel (DNA, self-replicating RNA, mRNA) vaccine platforms are being utilized. For emergency use, vaccines that are appropriate for women of child-bearing age (including pregnant women) are being developed...
August 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
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