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Teenage pregnancy

Anita Slomski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Alison M El Ayadi, Corinne H Rocca, Julia E Kohn, Denisse Velazquez, Maya Blum, Sara J Newmann, Cynthia C Harper
Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are highly effective at preventing pregnancy but do not protect against sexually transmitted infection (STI). Recent efforts to improve access to intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants have raised concerns about STI prevention and reduced condom use, particularly among teenagers and young women. We evaluated whether a provider-targeted intervention to increase LARC access negatively impacted dual method use and STI incidence among an at-risk patient population...
October 20, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Monique Jenkins, Carol F Roye, Keville Frederickson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the lived experiences of underserved minority sexually active teenaged girls' successful avoidance of unwanted pregnancy. DESIGN AND METHOD: Merleau-Ponty's methodology and van Manen's method of doing phenomenological research guided and facilitated the process of the study. 7 participants were eligible and all of them were interviewed for this study. RESULTS: Six main themes were identified: sense of emotional safety; sense of being free from a potential pregnancy; feeling supported by family and friends; connections built on trust and communication; regard for self through self-esteem and self-confidence; and sense of having life goals...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Camille Clare, Mary-Beatrice Squire, Karem Alvarez, Julia Meisler, Candice Fraser
OBJECTIVE: The United States has the highest rate of adolescent pregnancy of the industrialized nations. Previously reported patient barriers to the use of contraception included an ambivalence about pregnancy; method side effects; difficulty using methods; lack of satisfaction with methods; concerns about safety; expense; and a lack of knowledge about long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). This survey aims to determine if there are additional barriers to contraception use and adherence among an ethnically diverse urban population...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Bozhena Zoritch, Ian Roberts, Ann Oakley
BACKGROUND: The debate about how, where and by whom young children should be looked after is one which has occupied much social policy and media attention in recent years. Mothers undertake most of the care of young children. Internationally, out-of-home day-care provision ranges widely. These different levels of provision are not simply a response to different levels of demand for day-care, but reflect cultural and economic interests concerning the welfare of children, the need to promote mothers' participation in paid work, and the importance of socialising children into society's values...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jennifer L Marino, Lucy N Lewis, Deborah Bateson, Martha Hickey, S Rachel Skinner
BACKGROUND: Australia's teenage birth rate has fallen to historic lows, but teenage motherhood still occurs and can be challenging for mother and baby. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review current evidence on the epidemiology and clinical care of teenage pregnancy and parenting, and provide recommendations around management of these young people in Australia. DISCUSSION: Teenage mothers may have experienced family, sexual, and partner violence, family disruption, and socioeconomic disadvantage...
October 2016: Australian Family Physician
Nanzen Caroline Kaphagawani, Ezekiel Kalipeni
This study explores sociocultural and other risk factors associated with unplanned teenage pregnancy in Zomba district of Malawi. Data were obtained from 505 participants under the age of 20 years using a questionnaire administered through face-to-face interviews held at five antenatal clinics. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, frequency tables and chi-square analysis which allowed comparative understanding of the sociocultural risk factors for planned and unplanned teenage pregnancy in Zomba district...
September 30, 2016: Global Public Health
John Kingsley Krugu, Fraukje Mevissen, Meret Münkel, Robert Ruiter
Globally, an estimated 16 million young women aged 15 to 19 years give birth every year. Most teenage pregnancies are unintended and being pregnant or delivering a baby as a teenager can have serious adverse consequences. Knowledge of the environmental factors and social cognitive determinants influencing young women's failure to protect against unintended pregnancy is necessary to address the high rate of teenage pregnancies. We conducted semi-structured in-depth interviews with 21 young women, who had experience of pregnancy, in Bolgatanga, Ghana...
August 16, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Atcharawadee Sriyasak, Anna-Lena Almqvist, Chaweewan Sridawruang, Wanwadee Neamsakul, Elisabet Häggström-Nordin
OBJECTIVE: to gain a deeper understanding of Thai teenage parents' perspectives, experiences and reasoning about becoming and being a teenage parent from a gender perspective. DESIGN: an exploratory design using grounded theory methodology. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. An interview guide was developed, a pilot study was undertaken, and interviews were performed on two different occasions: once during the second trimester of pregnancy and again when the infant was 5-6 months old...
September 13, 2016: Midwifery
Sylvia Esther Gyan, Collins Ahorlu, Dan-Bright S Dzorgbo, Clara K Fayorsey
This study focuses on how older adolescent girls access and utilize social capital to develop resilience against teenage pregnancy in Begoro, Ghana. A survey of 419 non-pregnant girls aged 15-19 years, selected using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique, was conducted in 2012. Qualitative data were gathered through in-depth interviews with ten girls purposively selected from the survey respondents. Parents, relatives, teachers and religious groups were found to be important sources of social capital for the non-pregnant girls in developing resilience against teenage pregnancy...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
C Thomas Farrell, Alexis Clyde, Madhuri Katta, John Bolland
In countries such as the USA, a substantial percentage of teenage pregnancies are intentional, and desire for pregnancy increases risk. Black US Americans have been found to be less accepting of homosexuality than their non-Black peers, which may result in minority ethnic teenagers demonstrating heterosexual orientation through attempting pregnancy. Young, socioeconomically disadvantaged African Americans were surveyed longitudinally regarding attitudes about their sexuality, pregnancy intentions and other psychosocial factors...
September 13, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Sally B Owusu-Addo, Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Emmanuel S K Morhe
OBJECTIVE: to examine health information-seeking behaviours among pregnant teenagers. DESIGN: qualitative design using semi-structured interviews and focus groups. The study followed the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Studies (COREQ). SETTINGS/PARTICIPANTS: antenatal clinic at Ejisu Government hospital, Ghana. Twenty eight pregnant teenagers aged 15-19 and one midwife participated in the study. METHOD: the participants were interviewed in person at the antenatal clinic...
October 2016: Midwifery
Clare Harney, Annie Dude, Sadia Haider
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancies conceived after a short inter-pregnancy interval (IPI), within 18 months of delivery, and unintended pregnancies are both associated with health risks. We studied risk factors for conception after a short IPI among postpartum women who plan long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a cohort of women who delivered at University of Illinois Hospital from 2005 to 2010 and were discharged with a plan for interval LARC...
August 30, 2016: Contraception
Alessandra Sampaio Chacham, Andrea Branco Simão, André Junqueira Caetano
In this article, we investigate how gender-based violence (GBV) affects the sexual and reproductive health of impoverished adolescents and young adults. We analyse data from a 2011 survey of 450 young women and 300 young men aged 15-29, living in poor neighbourhoods of three middle-sized cities in Minas Gerais, Brazil. In this survey we used a closed-ended questionnaire to collect data from 150 women and 100 men in each city. Our main goal was to explore the relationship between GBV and young women's autonomy in relation to their sexuality, using indicators appropriate to Brazil...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
José-Ignacio Antón, Zuleika Ferre, Patricia Triunfo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect on adolescent fertility in Montevideo of the Uruguayan law on the voluntary termination of pregnancy that was passed in 2012. METHODS: The change in the number of births to teenage mothers between 2010 and 2014 was analyzed, along with their characteristics before and after decriminalization of abortion. RESULTS: Descriptive analysis of abortion before and after decriminalization showed that there was no reduction, during the period analyzed, in adolescent fertility, nor any changes in the distribution of births...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
L F Chan, B Mohamad Adam, K N Norazlin, M I Siti Haida, V Y Lee, A W Norazura, K Ek Zakuan, Susan M K Tan
Pregnant adolescents are a high-risk population for suicide. However, a knowledge gap still exists on how sexual and religious knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) influence suicidal ideation (SI) in teenage pregnancy. We aim to explore the interplay between psychiatric diagnoses, sociodemographic factors and KAP of sexual and religious issues as risk factors of SI among 114 pregnant Malaysian adolescents from 6 rehabilitation centers and a tertiary hospital. Single sexual partner was an independent predictor of SI, suggesting the role of less sexual experience as a risk factor for SI after controlling for major depression...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescence
Sally A Brinkman, Sarah E Johnson, James P Codde, Michael B Hart, Judith A Straton, Murthy N Mittinty, Sven R Silburn
BACKGROUND: Infant simulator-based programmes, which aim to prevent teenage pregnancy, are used in high-income as well as low-income and middle-income countries but, despite growing popularity, no published evidence exists of their long-term effect. The aim of this trial was to investigate the effect of such a programme, the Virtual Infant Parenting (VIP) programme, on pregnancy outcomes of birth and induced abortion in Australia. METHODS: In this school-based pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial, eligible schools in Perth, Western Australia, were enrolled and randomised 1:1 to the intervention and control groups...
August 24, 2016: Lancet
Julie A Quinlivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Lancet
Sang Hyung Lee, Seung Mi Lee, Nam Gu Lim, Hyun Joo Kim, Sung-Hee Bae, Minsu Ock, Un-Na Kim, Jin Yong Lee, Min-Woo Jo
Teenage mothers are at high risk for maternal and neonatal complications. This study aimed to evaluate the socioeconomic circumstances of teenage pregnancy, and determine whether these increased risks remained after adjustment for socioeconomic circumstances in Korea. Using the National Health Insurance Corporation database, we selected women who terminated pregnancy, by delivery or abortion, from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2010. Abortion, delivery type, and maternal complications were defined based on the International Classification of Diseases-10th Revision...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sarah Neal, Corrine Ruktanonchai, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Zoë Matthews, Andrew J Tatem
BACKGROUND: Early adolescent pregnancy presents a major barrier to the health and wellbeing of young women and their children. Previous studies suggest geographic heterogeneity in adolescent births, with clear "hot spots" experiencing very high prevalence of teenage pregnancy. As the reduction of adolescent pregnancy is a priority in many countries, further detailed information of the geographical areas where they most commonly occur is of value to national and district level policy makers...
2016: Reproductive Health
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