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Bell's palsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437741/pontine-haemorrhage-disguised-as-bell-s-palsy
#1
Ummer Karadan, Robin George Manappallil, Chellenton Jayakrishnan, Ramesh Naga Supreeth
Isolated facial nerve palsy is a common presentation of Bell's palsy, but rarely seen in pontine lesions. The patient being reported is a middle-aged man who developed isolated facial nerve palsy and was initially treated as Bell's palsy. However, on MRI of the brain, he was found to have pontine haemorrhage. He was managed conservatively and improved. Pontine haemorrhage as an aetiology for isolated facial nerve palsy is a rare scenario, which often goes misdiagnosed and treated as Bell's palsy.
February 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427137/childhood-peripheral-facial-palsy
#2
Zeynep Selen Karalok, Birce Dilge Taskin, Zeynep Ozturk, Esra Gurkas, Tuba Bulut Koc, Alev Guven
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics, causes, treatment patterns, outcome, and recurrence of childhood peripheral facial palsy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 144 peripheral facial palsy patients, under 18 years old in a tertiary care pediatric hospital. Medical charts were reviewed to analyze the age, gender, side of facial nerve paralysis, family history, cause, grading by the House-Brackmann Facial Nerve Grading Scale (HBS), results of diagnostic tests, therapies, outcomes, and recurrence...
February 9, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423260/a-heel-strike-real-time-auditory-feedback-device-to-promote-motor-learning-in-children-who-have-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study-to-test-device-accuracy-and-feasibility-to-use-a-music-and-dance-based-learning-paradigm
#3
Jaswandi Tushar Pitale, John H Bolte
Background: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a developmental disorder of movement and posture that occurs due to damage to the developing nervous system. As part of therapy, wearable sensors that trigger interactive feedback may provide multi-sensory guidance and motivation. A prototype of a heel-strike real-time feedback system has been developed which records the number of heel strikes during gait and indicates successful heel contact through real-time auditory feedback. The first aim of this feasibility study was to test the prototype accuracy...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420377/modified-lengthening-temporalis-myoplasty-involving-an-extended-lazy-s-incision-to-avoid-facial-scar-formation
#4
Tomito Oji, Akiteru Hayashi, Akihiro Ogino, Kiyoshi Onishi
BACKGROUND: Lengthening temporalis myoplasty is a faster and less invasive alternative to free muscle transfer for smile reconstruction. However, it requires a nasolabial fold incision, which leaves a midfacial scar. Based on esthetic considerations, a modified approach, involving an extended lazy-S (parotidectomy) incision instead of a nasolabial fold incision, was developed. METHODS: A cadaveric study involving 10 hemifaces was conducted. From February 2013 to March 2016, the modified lengthening temporalis myoplasty procedure was employed in 10 patients...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413428/quality-of-life-and-habitual-physical-activity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-aged-5-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Piyapa Keawutan, Kristie L Bell, Stina Oftedal, Peter S W Davies, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
OBJECTIVE: To compare quality of life (QOL) according to ambulatory status and to investigate association with habitual physical activity (HPA) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 5 years. METHODS: Fifty-eight participants were classified using Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) as level I = 33, II = 8, III = 6, IV = 3 and V = 8 and assessed for motor function using 66-item Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66). Participants wore an ActiGraph® triaxial accelerometer for 3 days to measure HPA...
January 29, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402606/prognostic-value-of-the-blink-reflex-test-in-bell-s-palsy-and-ramsay-hunt-syndrome
#6
Young Min Hah, Sang Hoon Kim, Junyang Jung, Sung Su Kim, Jae Yong Byun, Moon Suh Park, Seung Geun Yeo
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the prognostic value of the blink reflex (BR) test in patients with Bell's palsy (BP) or Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS). METHODS: The House-Brackmann (HB) grade of patients diagnosed with BP and RHS was determined at first visit and 3 months later. Final HB grade III-VI was defined as an incomplete recovery. Factors evaluated as prognostic of poor recovery included electroneurography (ENoG) degeneration rate (DR)>90%, and absence of BR...
February 2, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392922/determinants-of-muscle-preservation-in-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy-across-the-lifespan-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Olaf Verschuren, Ana R P Smorenburg, Yvette Luiking, Kristie Bell, Lee Barber, Mark D Peterson
In individuals with cerebral palsy (CP), smaller muscle and atrophy are present at young age. Many people with CP also experience a decline in gross motor function as they age, which might be explained by the loss of muscle mass. The clinical observation of muscle wasting has prompted a comparison with sarcopenia in older adults, and the term accelerated musculoskeletal ageing is often used to describe the hallmark phenotype of CP through the lifespan. However, there has been very little research emphasis on the natural history of ageing with CP and even less with respect to the determinants or prevention of muscle loss with CP...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380892/masseteric-cooptation-and-crossfacial-nerve-grafting-is-it-still-applicable-22%C3%A2-months-after-the-onset-of-facial-palsy
#8
B Bianchi, A Varazzani, G Pedrazzi, V Poddi, S Ferrari, B Brevi, A Ferri
BACKGROUND: Eighteen months is usually considered the cutoff time within which recovery of the mimic muscle remains possible using facial nerve cooptation. Few reports on the use of cooptation after this interval have appeared. Purpose of this study is to investigate the feasibility of this procedure also after 22 months. METHODS: Six patients treated via crossfacial nerve grafting between healthy and paralyzed middle and middle-upper facial nerve branches and masseteric cooptation of the main trunk of the paralyzed facial nerve between 20 and 24 months after the onset of palsy were analyzed...
January 30, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374993/the-effect-of-metabolic-syndrome-on-bell-s-palsy-recovery-rate
#9
Su Young Jung, Junyang Jung, Jae Yong Byun, Moon Suh Park, Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Geun Yeo
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its factors such as diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HTN), obesity, hypertriglyceridemia (high TG) and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (low HDL-C) on the recovery rate of patients with BP. METHODS: The medical records of 124 patients with BP were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into a MetS group and a Non-MetS group according to the diagnostic criteria of MetS, and the demographic and clinical characteristics of the two groups at baseline and six months after BP onset were analyzed...
January 29, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343258/mass-spectrometric-profiling-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-reveals-metabolite-biomarkers-for-cns-involvement-in-varicella-zoster-virus-reactivation
#10
Maike Kuhn, Kurt-Wolfram Sühs, Manas K Akmatov, Frank Klawonn, Junxi Wang, Thomas Skripuletz, Volkhard Kaever, Martin Stangel, Frank Pessler
BACKGROUND: Varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation spans the spectrum from uncomplicated segmental herpes zoster to life-threatening disseminated CNS infection. Moreover, in the absence of a small animal model for this human pathogen, studies of pathogenesis at the organismal level depend on analysis of human biosamples. Changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) metabolites may reflect critical aspects of host responses and end-organ damage in neuroinfection and neuroinflammation. We therefore applied a targeted metabolomics screen of CSF to three clinically distinct forms of VZV reactivation and infectious and non-infectious disease controls in order to identify biomarkers for CNS involvement in VZV reactivation...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301560/delayed-facial-nerve-decompression-for-severe-refractory-cases-of-bell-s-palsy-a-25-year-experience
#11
Ilyes Berania, Mohamed Awad, Issam Saliba, Jean-Jacques Dufour, Marc-Elie Nader
BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of delayed facial nerve decompression for Bell's palsy (BP). METHODS: We performed a retrospective case review of all patients having undergone facial nerve decompression for severe refractory BP between 1984 and 2009 at our tertiary referral center. Demographics, timing between onset of symptoms and surgical decompression, degree of facial nerve dysfunction pre- and post-operatively, follow-up length after surgery and postoperative complications were recorded...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284561/does-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-affect-the-healing-of-bell-s-palsy-in-adults
#12
Sultan Şevik Eliçora, Duygu Erdem
OBJECTIVES: Bell's palsy (BP) is defined as an acute facial weakness of unknown cause. Many factors affecting the healing of BP have been identified; 1 factor commonly considered relevant is the presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our aim was to investigate the effects of diabetes on the healing of BP. METHODS: Sixty patients with BP were followed up for 1 to 3 years and were divided into 2 groups, those with and those without type 2 diabetes. All were prescribed prednisone (initially 1 mg/kg per day, with a tapered dose reduction) and acyclovir (200 mg orally every 4 h, 5 times daily, for 5 days)...
December 25, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283103/a-view-of-the-therapy-for-bell-s-palsy-based-on-molecular-biological-analyses-of-facial-muscles
#13
Hiroshi Moriyama, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Masahiro Itoh, Naruhito Otsuka
OBJECTIVE: Details regarding the molecular biological features of Bell's palsy have not been widely reported in textbooks. We genetically analyzed facial muscles and clarified these points. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed genetic analysis of facial muscle specimens from Japanese patients with severe (House-Brackmann facial nerve grading system V) and moderate (House-Brackmann facial nerve grading system III) dysfunction due to Bell's palsy. Microarray analysis of gene expression was performed using specimens from the healthy and affected sides, and gene expression was compared...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250758/refractory-facial-paralysis-a-case-report
#14
Yu-Wei Hsu, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Yi-Shu Liao, Shin Nieh, Chun-An Cheng, Chia-Kuang Tsai
PURPOSE: To present a case of salivary gland malignancy initially mimicking Bell's palsy. CASE REPORT: A 75-year-old woman with hypertension visited our neurological outpatient department,complaining of persistent right facial paralysis for more than a year after oral glucocorticoid therapy with recent development of vertigo and unsteady gait. She was previously diagnosed as having Bell's palsy and was prescribed oral glucocorticoid. However, her right facial muscles were still completely paralyzed, with no signs of improvement...
June 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237635/new-onset-bell-palsy-and-lyme-disease
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232151/adjuvanted-influenza-vaccines
#16
John S Tregoning, Ryan F Russell, Ekaterina Kinnear
In spite of current influenza vaccines being immunogenic, evolution of the influenza virus can reduce efficacy and so influenza remains a major threat to public health. One approach to improve influenza vaccines is to include adjuvants; substances that boost the immune response. Adjuvants are particularly beneficial for influenza vaccines administered during a pandemic when a rapid response is required or for use in patients with impaired immune responses, such as infants and the elderly. This review outlines the current use of adjuvants in human influenza vaccines, including what they are, why they are used and what is known of their mechanism of action...
December 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227146/time-dependent-recovery-of-human-synovial-membrane-mesenchymal-stem-cell-function-after-high-dose-steroid-therapy-case-report-and-laboratory-study
#17
Yukihiko Yasui, David A Hart, Norihiko Sugita, Ryota Chijimatsu, Kota Koizumi, Wataru Ando, Yu Moriguchi, Kazunori Shimomura, Akira Myoui, Hideki Yoshikawa, Norimasa Nakamura
BACKGROUND: The use of mesenchymal stem cells from various tissue sources to repair injured tissues has been explored over the past decade in large preclinical models and is now moving into the clinic. PURPOSE: To report the case of a patient who exhibited compromised mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) function shortly after use of high-dose steroid to treat Bell's palsy, who recovered 7 weeks after therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Case report and controlled laboratory study...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216223/increased-risk-of-peripheral-arterial-occlusive-disease-in-patients-with-bell-s-palsy-using-population-data
#18
Li-Syue Liou, Chih-Ya Chang, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Chun-Hung Tseng, Cheng-Yu Chen, Fung-Chang Sung
OBJECTIVE: This population-based cohort study investigated the risk of developing peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) in patients with Bell's palsy. METHODS: We used longitudinal claims data of health insurance of Taiwan to identify 5,152 patients with Bell's palsy newly diagnosed in 2000-2010 and a control cohort of 20,608 patients without Bell's palsy matched by propensity score. Incidence and hazard ratio (HR) of PAOD were assessed by the end of 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191062/recurrent-bell-s-palsy-following-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-an-unusual-case-to-face
#19
Ashwin Kumaria, Tim C Hammett, Murugan Sitaraman, Dan A D'Aquino, Donald C Macarthur
We present the case of a 15 year old boy who developed transient lower motor neuron facial weakness on two separate occasions shortly after ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion. Both episodes, each of which occurred on the ipsilateral side to shunt insertion, were transient, self-limiting and were managed medically with a course of oral steroids. We believe this is the first reported case of Bell's palsy after this type of surgery in a child. Potential pathophysiological mechanisms are discussed.
November 30, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172335/facial-palsy-masquerading-as-an-acute-dental-abscess
#20
Arif Razzak, Frances O’Leary, Nabeela Ahmed
Facial nerve palsy has specific symptomology, but varied aetiology. Prompt and thorough assessment is required to ascertain if upper or lower motor neurone damage has occurred. This report discusses a 6-year-old female, presenting in the Emergency Department with unilateral facial weakness. Initially thought to be facial swelling relating to her carious dentition, clinical assessment from the maxillofacial team identified that the patient had a unilateral facial palsy, later diagnosed as Bell’s palsy. Her delayed presentation was due to initial misdiagnoses in primary care...
March 2017: Dental Update
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