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Bell's palsy

Ebru Ozan Sanhal, Hande Arslan
Background/aim: This study aimed to evaluate the facial nerve (FN) and internal auditory canal (IAC) on three-dimensional fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (3D-FIESTA) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to define possible structural differences in cases of Bell's palsy (BP). Materials and methods: Fifty-six patients presenting with BP were included in this study. The measurements of the diameters and the cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the FNs and IACs obtained on 3D-FIESTA MRI both on the affected and unaffected sides of all patients were compared...
June 14, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Xiaoyan Li, Chunlan Chen, Chuang Zhao, Zunyuan Li, Wei Liang, Zhidan Liu
BACKGROUND: Hypophasis is one of the most frequently observed sequelae of patients with Bell's palsy, who have not recovered completely, creating a clinical difficulty for physicians. Acupuncture therapy has been widely used to treat Bell's palsy as a reasonable resolution for management of symptoms such as hypophasis. The number of acupuncture points (acu-points) is frequently selected in the approach of acupuncture therapy; however, whether these had high efficiency has not been proved...
June 11, 2018: Trials
Jovanna Thielker, Habib Bendella, Robert A Gaudin, Maria Grosheva, Fabian Gerd Volk, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius
There are numerous reasons for facial palsy, which range from idiopathic palsy (Bell's palsy) to destruction of the facial nerve by a malignant salivary gland tumor. If the chance of spontaneous recovery is low or there is no drug therapy available, surgery is a therapeutical option. Recently, larger studies were published by specialized centers which enable a more individualized therapeutical concept to achieve tone, symmetry and movement of the paralyzed face based on a detailed preoperative assessment. An important therapy target is the improvement of patient´s quality of life...
June 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Peter W MacIntosh, Aaron M Fay
Bell palsy is the most common neurologic condition affecting the cranial nerves. Lagophthalmos, exposure keratopathy, and corneal ulceration are potential complications. In this review, we evaluate various causes of facial paralysis as well as the level 1 evidence supporting the use of a short course of oral steroids for idiopathic Bell palsy to improve functional outcomes. Various surgical and nonsurgical techniques are also discussed for the management of residual facial dysfunction.
June 7, 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
Kiyoshi Shikino, Shingo Suzuki, Takanori Uehara, Masatomi Ikusaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
José Ferreira-Penêda, Raquel Robles, Isabel Gomes-Pinto, Pedro Valente, Nuno Barros-Lima, Artur Condé
Introduction: Peripheral facial palsy (PFP) is commonly diagnosed in every emergency department. Despite being a benign condition in most cases, PFP causes loss in quality of life mostly due to facial dysmorphia. The etiology of PFP remains unknown in most cases, while medical opinion on epidemiology, risk factors and optimal treatment is not consensual. The aim of this study was to review the demographic characteristics of our patients and the medical care administered in our emergency department...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Kamleshun Ramphul, Stephanie G Mejias, Yogeshwaree Ramphul-Sicharam, Ezatullah Hamid, Ruhi Sonaye
Bell's palsy is a neuropathy involving the seventh cranial nerve, also known as the facial nerve. It is usually caused by traumatic, infective, inflammatory or compressive conditions on the nerve. Many cases are also with no identifiable etiologies and are classified as idiopathic. Acute inflammation and edema of the cranial nerve seven can lead to the compression and eventual ischemia. The most common viral cause of Bell's palsy is herpes simplex virus but there are several reports of other viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus, human immunodeficiency virus and the hepatitis B virus involved in with similar presentation...
April 2, 2018: Curēus
Erin Y Liu, Leah M Smith, Anne K Ellis, Heather Whitaker, Barbara Law, Jeffrey C Kwong, Paddy Farrington, Linda E Lévesque
BACKGROUND: Despite demonstrated effectiveness in real-world settings, concerns persist regarding the safety of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV4) vaccine. We sought to assess the risk of autoimmune disorders following HPV4 vaccination among grade 8 girls eligible for Ontario's school-based HPV vaccination program. METHODS: We undertook a population-based retrospective cohort study using Ontario's administrative health and vaccination databases from 2007 to 2013...
May 28, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Norio Kondo, Yukie Yamamura, Manabu Nonaka
OBJECTIVE: We report our retrospective study of the recovery rate of auditory ossicles preserved facial nerve decompression surgery via the transmastoid approach in cases of both an electroneurography score of < 10% and a Yanagihara score of ≤8 in Bell's palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 47 patients who we were able to follow-up for more than 6 months following the onset of palsy. The recovery rate was defined by the Japan Society for Facial Nerve Research or the Yanagihara score...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Binay Gurung, Ismail Ahmad Chaudhry, Nawazish Karim, Uttam Nanda
Isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy is uncommon because of its intimate relationship with the other lower cranial nerves. Keane reported that tumours, predominantly malignant, were the most common cause of hypoglossal nerve palsy. We report a case of isolated idiopathic unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy in a 45-year-old Caucasian male where no cause could be identified despite extensive investigations. There was uncertainty around prognosis at onset due to the rarity of this condition. In the absence of a cause, an early referral to the speech and language therapist was made and interestingly our patient made an almost complete recovery within 18 months of onset...
May 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Gary P Wormser, Donna McKenna, Carol Scavarda, Carol Karmen
Although a short course of corticosteroid therapy has been shown to improve the outcome of idiopathic facial nerve palsy (Bell's palsy), it is unclear whether corticosteroids, in addition to antibiotic therapy, are beneficial, are harmful, or have no impact on the outcome of facial palsy from Lyme disease (LDFP). From 2011 through 2016, 14 patients with LDFP were enrolled into a prospective study to determine the outcome of Lyme disease over the ensuing 12 months. Eleven (78.6%) had received corticosteroids in addition to oral antibiotics and entered the study within 24 days after onset of the LDFP (median 14 days, range 2-24 days)...
April 4, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Kudamo Song, Sehun Chang, Jun Lee, Sun Ae Shin, Ho Yun Lee
Background and Objectives: We aimed to assess the clinical significance of dizziness associated with acute peripheral facial palsy (APFP). Subjects and Methods: Medical records of patients who visited an otorhinolaryngology clinic at a university hospital and were admitted for treatment of APFP between 2014 and 2016 were thoroughly reviewed. Results: In total, 15.3% (n=15) of patients had dizziness. Continuous, rotatory dizziness without exacerbating factors was most common and frequently accompanied by nausea/vomiting...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Eyal Gur, Ron M Zuker, Arik Zaretski, David Leshem, Yoav Barnea, Ehud Arad, Ravit Yanko, Beni Meilik, Daniel J Kedar, Ehud Fliss
BACKGROUND: The reconstructive approach for incomplete facial paralysis is not yet determined. In this article we present a new surgical approach for patients with incomplete facial paralysis in which residual, ineffective movement is detected pre-operatively in the ipsilateral bucco-zygomatic territory of the paretic facial nerve. METHODS: Sixteen patients with incomplete facial paralysis were found eligible for the procedure and underwent one-stage facial reanimation by the senior author (E...
March 29, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Piyapa Keawutan, Kristie L Bell, Stina Oftedal, Peter S W Davies, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have lower habitual physical activity (HPA) than their typically developing peers. There are limited studies of HPA in young children with CP under the age of 5 years. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between HPA, sedentary time, motor capacity and capability in children with CP aged 4-5 years. METHODS: Sixty-seven participants were classified using Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), assessed for motor capacity using Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) and wore accelerometers for three days to measure HPA and sedentary time...
April 3, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
S Prud'hon, N Kubis
Idiopathic peripheral facial palsy, also named Bell's palsy, is the most common cause of peripheral facial palsy in adults. Although it is considered as a benign condition, its social and psychological impact can be dramatic, especially in the case of incomplete recovery. The main pathophysiological hypothesis is the reactivation of HSV 1 virus in the geniculate ganglia, leading to nerve edema and its compression through the petrosal bone. Patients experience an acute (less than 24 hours) motor deficit involving ipsilateral muscles of the upper and lower face and reaching its peak within the first three days...
March 30, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Ellen H de Moll, Mark G Lebwohl
Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare syndrome of facial nerve palsy, facial edema, and lingua plicata that can be difficult to treat. We observed a patient with MRS of 4 years' duration that was unsuccessfully treated with multiple therapies. After a variety of diagnoses were considered at outside institutions, including Bell palsy, we diagnosed the patient with MRS based on clinical presentation of the classic triad. Treatment with adalimumab, a tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) antibody, showed improvement and relapse-free progress...
February 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Ramón Medel Jiménez, Juan C Sánchez España, José Visa Nassarre, Eva Ayala Barroso, Alfredo Pueyo Ferrer, Alejandra Tapia Bahamondes, Luz M Vasquez
PURPOSE: To describe our experience and outcomes managing complete third cranial nerve palsy. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the clinical records of 7 consecutive patients treated at our centre for unilateral third nerve palsy over the period 2010-2016. We describe our surgical approach using a frontalis muscle flap to correct the eyelid ptosis associated with medial fixation of the rectus muscle tendon to the orbit to correct the horizontal deviation...
March 15, 2018: Orbit
Pavlos Pavlidis, Rafael J A Cámara, Georgios Kekes, Haralampos Gouveris
OBJECTIVE: Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) and Bell palsy (BP) are typically known as facial nerve motor syndromes and are primarily unilateral. The aim of this study was to challenge this assertion, because both conditions are also known to be associated with viruses that typically affect several nerves. METHODS: Ten participants with RHS, 12 with BP, all clinically unilateral, and 12 healthy controls were prospectively enrolled. Electrogustometric thresholds were measured bilaterally in the areas of the chorda tympani, the glossopharyngeal, and the major petrosal nerve...
April 2018: Annals of Neurology
Eman M Khedr, Noha Abo El-Fetoh, Dina H El-Hammady, Abeer M Ghandour, Khaled Osama, Ahmed F Zaki, Ayman Gamea
OBJECTIVE: Recovery from acute Bell's palsy (BP) is variable and there are few predictors of response. We evaluated the usefulness of a range of neurophysiological parameters to predict outcome in BP. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients (age: 33.7±15.4 years) with acute unilateral BP were recruited within 3-7 days of onset. They were evaluated with electroneurography, facial nerve excitability, and the blink reflex. House-Brackmann (HB) clinical scores were obtained at the same time and three months later...
April 2018: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
Selçuk Güneş, Mustafa Çelik, Ceylan Çolak, Burak Olgun
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to investigate the impact of degree of mastoid pneumatization on the affected side of Bell palsy (BP). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study in tertiary academic hospital. METHODS: In total, 52 patients who were diagnosed with as BP were included in the study. Each patient was staged using House-Brackmann (HB) staging system. All patients underwent temporal bone computed tomography imaging. House-Brackmann scores, side of the BP, and mastoid pneumatization of all of patients were evaluated in the present study...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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