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Workplace health programs

Emily Bariola, Gavin Jack, Marian Pitts, Kathleen Riach, Philip Sarrel
OBJECTIVE: While many women undergo menopausal transition while they are in paid employment, the effect of poor working conditions on women's experience of the menopause has received scant empirical attention. We examined associations between employment conditions, work-related stressors, and menopausal symptom reporting among perimenopausal and postmenopausal working women. METHODS: Data were drawn from an online survey conducted between 2013 and 2014 involving 476 perimenopausal and postmenopausal women working in the higher education sector in Australia...
October 3, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Anne C Grunseit, Samantha Rowbotham, Melanie Pescud, Devon Indig, Sonia Wutzke
Issue addressed: The Australian National Partnership Agreement on Preventive Health (NPAPH) charged states and territories with the development and implementation of the Healthy Workers Initiative (HWI) to improve workplace health promotion. Most evaluation efforts focus on the setting (micro) level. In the present study the HWI at the meso-level (state program development) was examined to understand how jurisdictions navigated theoretical, practical, and political priorities to develop their programs, and the programmatic choices that support or hinder perceived success...
October 13, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Kathleen P Conte, Michelle C Odden, Natalie M Linton, S Marie Harvey
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Walk With Ease (WWE), an evidence-based arthritis self-management program that was scaled up in Oregon in 2012 to 2014. METHODS: Guided by the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) framework, we collected participant surveys and attendance records and conducted observations. Preprogram and postprogram, participants self-reported pain and fatigue (scale: 0-10 points; high scores indicate more pain and fatigue) and estimated episodes of physical activity per week in the last month...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Behdin Nowrouzi, Emilia Giddens, Basem Gohar, Sandrine Schoenenberger, Mary Christine Bautista, Jennifer Casole
BACKGROUND: Workplace environment is related to the physical and psychological well-being, and quality of work life (QWL) for nurses. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to perform a comprehensive literature review on nurses' quality of work life to identify a comprehensive set of QWL predictors for nurses employed in the United States and Canada. METHODS: Using publications from 2004-2014, contributing factors to American and Canadian nurses' QWL were analyzed...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Paola Ferri, Monica Silvestri, Cecilia Artoni, Rosaria Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against health professionals is a global problem with an increasing incidence. The aims of this study were as follows: 1) to examine the frequency and characteristics of WPV in different settings and professionals of a general hospital and 2) to identify the clinical and organizational factors related to this phenomenon. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional. In a 1-month period, we administered the "Violent Incident Form" to 745 professionals (physicians, head nurses, nurses, nursing assistants), who worked in 15 wards of a general hospital in northern Italy...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Khic-Houy Prang, Behrooz Hassani-Mahmooei, Alex Collie
BACKGROUND: Compensation health research aims to study the influence of compensation systems, processes and practices on health and health-related outcomes. In many jurisdictions, injury compensation authorities collect substantial volumes of case and service level data for the purpose of administering the compensation system. An important secondary use of such data is research and analysis to explore interactions between individuals and organisations in compensation systems, and between compensation and other systems including healthcare and legal systems, in order to understand the role of compensation processes in injury recovery...
October 1, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Beverley Lloyd, Santosh Khanal, Edwina Macoun, Chris Rissel
Health promotion in workplace settings has been prioritised to reduce chronic disease risk factors, both in Australia and internationally. This paper describes the design of a health risk assessment tool, the Brief Health Check (BHC). The BHC is one of two components of Get Healthy at Work, a state government-funded health promotion program for New South Wales workplaces. Policy imperatives required scaled-up delivery in the absence of a full pre-implementation summative evaluation. Translational formative evaluation was adapted to design an evidence based health risk assessment tool, a process for referring workers to healthy lifestyle programs, and a process for general practitioners to help workers mitigate their risk of chronic disease, independently of the workplace...
September 30, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
Isaac Mensah Boafo, Peter Hancock, Eyal Gringart
AIM: To document the incidence, sources and effects of workplace verbal abuse and sexual harassment against Ghanaian nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ghana from 2013-2014 which surveyed 592 professional nurses and midwives working in public hospitals in Ghana using the health sector violence questionnaire. RESULTS: The majority of participants were females (80%). The average age of participants was 31·76 years and the average number of years practising as nurse was 7·38...
April 2016: Nurs Open
Pearl Siganporia, George Astrakianakis, Hasanat Alamgir, Aleck Ostry, Anne-Marie Nicol, Mieke Koehoorn
BACKGROUND: Outsourcing labor is linked to negative impacts on occupational health and safety (OHS). In British Columbia, Canada, provincial health care service providers outsource support services such as cleaners and food service workers (CFSWs) to external contractors. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the impact of outsourcing on the occupational health safety of hospital CFSWs through a mixed methods approach. METHODS: Worker's compensation data for hospital CFSWs were analyzed by negative binomial and multiple linear regressions supplemented by iterative thematic analysis of telephone interviews of the same job groups...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Essam Mohammed Janahi, Sakina Mustafa, Sajeda Alsari, Mariam Al-Mannai, Ghada N Farhat
INTRODUCTION: HIV/AIDS is one of the major health problems worldwide. Despite the low prevalence of HIV in Bahrain, educational and awareness programs remain highly important in controlling and preventing the spread of the disease. This study aimed to assess the public's knowledge, risk perceptions, and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS in Bahrain. METHODOLOGY: A self-administered questionnaire-based survey was administered to and completed by 1,038 Bahraini adults. RESULTS: Although the average general awareness among participants was good (63%), some misconceptions and erroneous beliefs were common, including knowledge of mode of transmission and high risk groups...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Yeon-Ha Kim, Moon-Hee Jung
PURPOSE: To evaluate workplace health education as practiced by occupational health managers based on standardized job tasks and suggest priority tasks and areas to be trained. METHODS: The study was conducted between November 10, 2013 and April 30, 2014. The tool used in this study was standardized job tasks of workplace health education for occupational health managers which was developed through methodological steps. It was evaluated by 233 worksite occupational health managers...
September 2016: Asian Nursing Research
Jason P Sullivan, Conor S O'Brien, Laura K Barger, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Charles A Czeisler, Steven W Lockley
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Firefighters' schedules include extended shifts and long work weeks which cause sleep deficiency and circadian rhythm disruption. Many firefighters also suffer from undiagnosed sleep disorders, exacerbating fatigue. We tested the hypothesis that a workplace-based Sleep Health Program (SHP) incorporating sleep health education and sleep disorders screening would improve firefighter health and safety compared to standard practice. DESIGN: Prospective station-level randomized, field-based intervention...
September 26, 2016: Sleep
Maysa Venturoso Gongora Buckeridge Serra, Paula Rezende Camargo, José Eduardo Zaia, Maria Georgina Marques Tonello, Paulo Roberto Veiga Quemelo
BACKGROUND: The effect of physical exercise in the workplace (PEW) on health promotion of workers is contradictory. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the PEW in musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), perception of stress and quality of life in workers. METHODS: The participants were divided into two groups: control group (n = 46) including non-participant workers of the PEW program, and PEW group (n = 50) including workers who regularly participate in the exercise program...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Amila Chandrasiri, Arosha Dissanayake, Vijitha de Silva
BACKGROUND: Non communicable diseases (NCDs) are emerging as a major public health concern worldwide and became a leading cause of mortality in Sri Lanka accounting for 65% of deaths. Health promotion strategies aimed at lifestyle modification are helpful in modifying risk factors for NCDs. OBJECTIVES: To transform a workplace to a health promotion setting where lifestyle changes in workers lead to a modification of risk factors for NCDs. METHODS: A health promotion program was conducted in a divisional administrative office, in Sri Lanka...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Inoka K Suraweera, Supun D Wijesinghe, Sameera J Senanayake, Hema D B Herath, T B Ananda Jayalal
BACKGROUND: Work-related diseases and occupational accidents affect a significant number of workers globally. The majority of these diseases and accidents are reported from developing countries; and a large percentage of the workforce in developing countries is estimated to be employed in small-scale industries. Sri Lanka is no exception. These workers are exposed to occupational hazards and are at a great risk of developing work- related diseases and injuries. OBJECTIVE: To identify occupational health issues faced by small-scale industry workers in Sri Lanka...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
M W Gunathunga
BACKGROUND: Cognitive ergonomics in the work place has become a serious concern with the need to keep people happy at work while maintaining high productivity. Hence, it is worth exploring how the outcomes of lifestyle-based mind development programs can bring about happiness in workplace while keeping productivity and quality of services high. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present work was to test a body-mind technique to improve cognitive ergonomics in a health care work setting...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Alain K Koyama, Vishal Bali, Irina Yermilov, Antonio P Legorreta
PURPOSE: We evaluated the rate of hyperlipidemia identified during workplace screening in previously undiagnosed individuals, the association between workplace hyperlipidemia screening and use of medical care during follow-up, and changes in lipid profile among individuals with hyperlipidemia at screening. DESIGN: Nonexperimental longitudinal study. SETTING: Employees who participated in a workplace health screening. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 18 993 individuals from 39 self-insured employers in the United States...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Amy Meador, Jason E Lang, Whitney D Davis, Nkenge H Jones-Jack, Qaiser Mukhtar, Hua Lu, Sushama D Acharya, Meg E Molloy
Creating healthy workplaces is becoming more common. Half of employers that have more than 50 employees offer some type of workplace health promotion program. Few employers implement comprehensive evidence-based interventions that reach all employees and achieve desired health and cost outcomes. A few organization-level assessment and benchmarking tools have emerged to help employers evaluate the comprehensiveness and rigor of their health promotion offerings. Even fewer tools exist that combine assessment with technical assistance and guidance to implement evidence-based practices...
September 29, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Kumiko Imahashi, Reiko Fukatsu, Yasoichi Nakajima, Megumi Nakamura, Tateo Ito, Mariko Horigome, Yuichiro Haruna, Tatsuya Noda, Yasuto Itoyama
A number of persons with an intractable disease (ID) experience work-related problems that could lead to job loss. The aim of this study was to ascertain perceptions regarding a range of work-related issues and corresponding support needs of individuals with an ID. Potential participants were people ages 15 to 64 with one of the 130 intractable chronic diseases designated in the Act to Comprehensively Support the Daily and Social Activities of Persons with Disabilities (Comprehensive Support for the Disabled Act)...
August 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
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