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Workplace health programs

Sandra E Moll, Scott Patten, Heather Stuart, Joy C MacDermid, Bonnie Kirsh
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate whether a contact-based workplace education program was more effective than standard mental health literacy training in promoting early intervention and support for healthcare employees with mental health issues. METHOD: A parallel-group, randomised trial was conducted with employees in 2 multi-site Ontario hospitals with the evaluators blinded to the groups. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 group-based education programs: Beyond Silence (comprising 6 in-person, 2-h sessions plus 5 online sessions co-led by employees who personally experienced mental health issues) or Mental Health First Aid (a standardised 2-day training program led by a trained facilitator)...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Jinsook Kim, Jennifer A Gray
BACKGROUND: As people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (PWIDD) are living longer and experience chronic health conditions, there is greater likelihood that direct care workers (DCWs) will need to provide palliative care services. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore DCWs' experience with palliative care and challenges they faced. DESIGN: This study was an exploratory, descriptive study using qualitative methods...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Bruce W Sherman, Emily Stiehl
: Employers have been challenged by low employee participation rates in health-related programs, and have often relied on incentives and other engagement approaches to overcome this difficulty. One of the apparent barriers to employee engagement in health-related activities is represented by social determinants of health (SDH). According to some, these factors comprise as much as 40% of an individual's health status, and while they have been the focus of attention in the public health domain, their role in the workplace has not been broadly recognized...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Marilyn B Wolff, Jennifer L Gay, Mark G Wilson, David M DeJoy, Robert J Vandenberg
PURPOSE: Examine the moderating role of perceived organizational and coworker support on the relationship between job stress and type 2 diabetes risk among employees. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was administered to employees at the workplace. SETTING: One national retail organization. PARTICIPANTS: Baseline data were obtained from 1595 employees in 21 retail stores. MEASURES: Self-reported organizational and coworker support to encourage and fulfill job responsibilities and job stress...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Siddhartha Roy, Andrew R Hansen, Levi Ross, Rebecca Larson
Obesity has become a serious issue affecting millions of Americans, especially in the southern United States. One avenue for addressing obesity is the workplace setting. This formative research study examined the feasibility of an obesity prevention worksite intervention in the barbershop for African American barbershop owners (employers) and barbers (employees). The study proposes an intervention where the owner of the barbershop would be trained to educate his barbers about obesity prevention. Twenty in-depth interviews were conducted with the owners ( n = 5) and barbers ( n = 15) of five barbershops in Statesboro, Georgia, to determine the feasibility of the intervention...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Kristen Hammerback, Peggy A Hannon, Amanda T Parrish, Claire Allen, Marlana J Kohn, Jeffrey R Harris
BACKGROUND: HealthLinks is a workplace health promotion program developed in partnership with the American Cancer Society. It delivers a package of evidence-based interventions and implementation support to small worksites in low-wage industries. As part of a randomized, controlled trial of HealthLinks, we studied approaches to recruiting these worksites. AIMS: This study aims to guide future recruitment for community-based worksite health promotion interventions by comparing three approaches, including leveraging relationships with community partners...
April 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Paolo Carrer, Peder Wolkoff
There is an increasing concern about indoor air quality (IAQ) and its impact on health, comfort, and work-performance in office-like environments and their workers, which account for most of the labor force. The Scientific Committee on Indoor Air Quality and Health of the ICOH (Int. Comm. Occup. Health) has discussed the assessment and management of IAQ problems and proposed a stepwise approach to be conducted by a multidisciplinary team. It is recommended to integrate the building assessment, inspection by walk-through of the office workplace, questionnaire survey, and environmental measurements, in that order...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Robyn Clay-Williams, Andrew Johnson, Paul Lane, Zhicheng Li, Lauren Camilleri, Teresa Winata, Michael Klug
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of negotiation training delivered to senior clinicians, managers and executives, by exploring whether staff members implemented negotiation skills in their workplace following the training, and if so, how and when. Design/methodology/approach This is a qualitative study involving face-to-face interviews with 18 senior clinicians, managers and executives who completed a two-day intensive negotiation skills training course. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, and inductive interpretive analysis techniques were used to identify common themes...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Hye Sun Hyun, Yunyoung Kim
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between working environment and weight control efforts among obese workers in Korea. Methods This study was based on the 2011 3rd Korean Working Conditions Survey, which was conducted on workers aged 15 years or older. A sample of 484 obese workers was included in the study. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between working environment and weight control efforts after controlling for individual variables...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Kehinde J Awosan, Semen S Yikawe, Oche M Oche, Muhammad Oboirien
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability worldwide. Healthcare workers are particularly prone to it because of the physical and emotional factors associated with their profession. Objectives: To determine the prevalence, perception and correlates of LBP among healthcare workers in tertiary health institutions in Sokoto, Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 320 healthcare workers selected by multistage sampling technique from July to September 2016...
December 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
Angela Wangari Walter, Cesar Morocho, Lauren King, John Bartlett, Debra Kelsey, Monica DeSousa, Gretchen Biesecker, Laura Punnett
Fishing industry workers are at high risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and injuries. Prescription opioids used to treat pain injuries may put these workers at increased risk for developing substance disorders. Using a Community-Based Participatory Research approach, formative research was conducted to inform the eventual development of relevant interventions to prevent and reduce opioid use disorders among fishing industry workers. Qualitative interviews ( n = 21) were conducted to assess: knowledge and attitudes about opioid use disorders; features of fishing work that might affect use and/or access to treatment; and community and organizational capacity for prevention and treatment...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Matthew H Rim, Karen C Thomas, Jane Chandramouli, Stephanie A Barrus, Nancy A Nickman
PURPOSE: The implementation and quality assessment of a pharmacy services call center (PSCC) for outpatient pharmacies and specialty pharmacy services within an academic health system are described. SUMMARY: Prolonged wait times in outpatient pharmacies or hold times on the phone affect the ability of pharmacies to capture and retain prescriptions. To support outpatient pharmacy operations and improve quality, a PSCC was developed to centralize handling of all outpatient and specialty pharmacy calls...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
J Brent Pawlecki, Wayne N Burton, Cherryl Christensen, K Andrew Crighton, Richard Heron, T Warner Hudson, Pamela A Hymel, David Roomes
: The role of the corporate medical director (CMD) has evolved over the last 300 years since Ramazzini first identified diseases of Italian workers in the early 1700 s. Since then, there has been a gradual blurring of the boundaries between private and workplace health concerns. Today's CMD must have intimate knowledge of their corporation's industry and the businesses that they support, particularly the occupational and environmental programs that comply with all local, state and/or national standards and regulations...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
M L Di Pietro, A A Teleman, F J Gonzalez-Melado, D Zace, F R Di Raimo, V Lucidi, P Refolo
BACKGROUND: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease. Two models for screening CF are normally used: newborn screening and population-based CF carrier screening. In turn, there are three main models of population-based CF carrier screening: prenatal carrier screening, preconception carrier screening, and carrier screening outside clinical settings. AIM: To evaluate, in the light of the personalist view, the use of carrier screenings for CF outside the clinic, i...
March 2018: La Clinica Terapeutica
Ruby Brooks, Kathryn Backholer, Alexandra Chung, Claire Palermo, Chad Foulkes, Carly Monaghan, Anna Peeters
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Whole-of-setting initiatives have been recommended as an equitable approach to health promotion. However, there has been little analysis of differences in uptake of such approaches according to indicators of socioeconomic position. In Victoria, Australia, the Achievement Program is a state government health promotion initiative that uses a whole-of-setting approach in early childhood services, schools and workplaces. We conducted an exploratory comparison of uptake of and progression through the programme by schools and early childhood services in one local area, according to area-level socioeconomic position...
February 24, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Adrienne T Hoyt, Mark A Canfield, Paul A Romitti, Lorenzo D Botto, Marlene T Anderka, Sergey V Krikov, Marcia L Feldkamp
Introduction While associations between active smoking and various adverse birth outcomes (ABOs) have been reported in the literature, less is known about the impact of secondhand smoke (SHS) on many pregnancy outcomes. Methods We examined the relationship between maternal exposure to SHS during pregnancy and preterm (< 37 weeks gestation) and small-for-gestational age (SGA; assessed using sex-, race/ethnic-, and parity-specific growth curves) singleton births using non-smoking controls from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (1997-2011)...
March 24, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Whitney Berta, Audrey Laporte, Tyrone Perreira, Liane Ginsburg, Adrian Rohit Dass, Raisa Deber, Andrea Baumann, Lisa Cranley, Ivy Bourgeault, Janet Lum, Brenda Gamble, Kathryn Pilkington, Vinita Haroun, Paula Neves
BACKGROUND: Our overarching study objective is to further our understanding of the work psychology of Health Support Workers (HSWs) in long-term care and home and community care settings in Ontario, Canada. Specifically, we seek novel insights about the relationships among aspects of these workers' work environments, their work attitudes, and work outcomes in the interests of informing the development of human resource programs to enhance elder care. METHODS: We conducted a path analysis of data collected via a survey administered to a convenience sample of Ontario HSWs engaged in the delivery of elder care over July-August 2015...
March 22, 2018: Human Resources for Health
Rebecca Udemans, Marie-Louise Stokes, Louise Rigby, Priya Khanna, Jonathan Christiansen
AIM: The Royal Australasian College of Physicians is renewing its specialty training programs and shifting towards competency-based medical education. Our aim is to improve the quality and rigor of training and graduate outcomes, and promote high standards of physician practice to serve the health of patients, families, and communities in a changing healthcare environment. METHODS: We are progressing holistic change and multiple educational innovations in a complex environment...
March 21, 2018: Medical Teacher
Jo Shapiro
Evidence clearly indicates that physicians are suffering. This is harming our profession, our colleagues, other health care team members, and sometimes our patients. There are efforts nationally and internationally to explore ways of promoting wellness and decreasing the high levels of burnout among physicians. While promoting wellness is a complex challenge, and the solutions will need to be multifactorial, the literature suggests that the most effective interventions are organizational. Instead of putting the burden solely on us as individuals to be able to cope with challenging environments, we should be working toward improving the culture and processes in the workplace...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Jean-Eric Tarride, Allan Smofsky, Priscilla Nykoliation, Stephen Allain, Linda Lewis-Daly, David Satok, Jeremy Schwartz, Joshua Hart Pollack, Jason Robert Guertin, Roger S McIntyre
OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of Canadian data concerning the effectiveness of diabetes interventions in the workplace. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Motivaction, a diabetes screening and education pilot program, in the workplace. METHODS: The Motivaction program involves a voluntary web-based diabetes health-risk assessment, the Canadian Diabetes Risk Questionnaire (CANRISK), combined with an opportunity for those eligible (i.e...
December 18, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
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