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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424765/community-health-volunteers-in-primary-healthcare-in-rural-uganda-factors-influencing-performance
#1
Yusufu Kuule, Andrew Eric Dobson, Desalegn Woldeyohannes, Maria Zolfo, Robinah Najjemba, Birungi Mutahunga R Edwin, Nahabwe Haven, Kristien Verdonck, Philip Owiti, Ewan Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION: Community health volunteers (CHVs) play an integral role in primary healthcare. Several countries rely on CHV programs as a major element in improving access to care and attaining universal health coverage. However, their performance has been heterogeneous and at times context-specific, and influenced by multiple factors. We describe the socio-demographic and workplace characteristics affecting CHVs' performance in a public health program in rural western Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on routine program data of CHVs serving the catchment of Bwindi Community Hospital, Kanungu District, South Western Uganda, in 2014 and 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422547/active-travel-behavior-in-a-border-region-of-texas-and-new-mexico-motivators-deterrents-and-characteristics
#2
Ipek N Sener, Richard J Lee
BACKGROUND: Active travel has been linked with improved transportation and health outcomes, such as reduced traffic congestion and air pollution, improved mobility, accessibility and equity, and increased physical and mental health. The purpose of this study was to better understand active travel characteristics, motivators, and deterrents in the El Paso, Texas, region. METHODS: A multimodal transportation survey brought together elements of transportation and health, with a focus on attitudinal characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414625/advancing-well-being-through-total-worker-health%C3%A2
#3
Anita L Schill
Total Worker Health® (TWH) is a paradigm-shifting approach to safety, health, and well-being in the workplace. It is defined as policies, programs, and practices that integrate protection from work-related safety and health hazards with promotion of injury and illness prevention efforts to advance worker well-being. The most current TWH concepts are presented, including a description of issues relevant to TWH and introduction of a hierarchy of controls applied to TWH. Total Worker Health advocates for a foundation of safety and health through which work can contribute to higher levels of well-being...
April 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414580/identifying-personal-risk-factors-for-falls-in-the-workplace
#4
Ann Regina Lurati
Falls can occur in any occupational setting. Occupational health professionals may focus on creating a safe work environment and training programs to prevent falls. However, an important aspect of safety management is identifying at-risk employees. The purpose of this article is to identify personal risk factors and offer interventions to prevent falls in the workplace.
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408272/successful-management-of-a-neck-hematoma-following-simulation-training
#5
Marie-Ève Bélanger, Issam Tanoubi, Mihai Georgescu, Roger Perron, Arnaud Robitaille, Marie-Pierre Charron, Pierre Drolet
Simulation-based education is gaining widespread acceptance in many medical specialties as an effective method to teach technical and non-technical skills. The ultimate goal of simulation is to improve health care and patient safety. Boet et al. [1] published a review on simulation-based crisis resources management (CRM) teaching, looking for evidence that it can lead to improved workplace practices and patient safety. Amongst hundreds of studies pertaining to CRM, he found only nine that were relevant, and only one that showed reduced mortality...
April 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401441/effect-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-sickness-absence-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-or-mental-health-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Vidar Halsteinli, Nils Fleten, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To assess effects of an inpatient multicomponent occupational rehabilitation program compared to less comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation on sickness absence in persons with musculoskeletal- or mental health disorders. Methods Randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals 18-60 years old on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2, identified in a national register...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399974/evaluation-of-the-tuberculosis-infection-control-training-center-tajikistan-2014-2015
#7
C Scott, J Mangan, Z Tillova, P A Jensen, S Ahmedov, J Ismoilova, A Trusov
SETTING: Training center on tuberculosis (TB) infection control (IC) for health care workers in the Central Asian Republics region. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of TB IC training courses conducted at the Tuberculosis Infection Control Training Center in Machiton, Tajikistan. DESIGN: Participants who participated in training (n = 89) during the first year of operation (April 2014-February 2015) were invited to participate in a post-training interview...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397979/the-obstetric-consultant-on-the-labour-ward-beyond-infancy-to-early-adolescence
#8
William F Rayburn
Hospital medicine has emerged over the last two decades into a practice pattern for those with generalist training in internal medicine, family medicine, and pediatrics. Their hospital consultative practices are now generally acceptable in light of a changing health care financial landscape, primary care physicians leaving the hospital workplace, and a push to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of systems-based hospital care. Today, several specialties are more involved in hospital consultant programs such as obstetrics, emergency medicine, surgery, and psychiatry...
April 11, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397160/implementation-of-a-tobacco-free-workplace-program-at-a-local-mental-health-authority
#9
Virmarie Correa-Fernández, William T Wilson, Deborah A Shedrick, Bryce Kyburz, Hannah L Samaha, Timothy Stacey, Teresa Williams, Cho Y Lam, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco-free workplace policies that incorporate evidence-based practices can increase the reach and effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment among underserved populations but may be underutilized due to limited knowledge about implementation processes. This paper describes the implementation of a comprehensive tobacco-free workplace program at a behavioral healthcare community center in Texas. The center participated in a tobacco-free workplace program implementation project that provided guidance and resources and allowed center autonomy in implementation...
April 10, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393716/pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#10
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393559/work-worksites-and-wellbeing-among-north-american-indian-women-a-qualitative-study
#11
Karina Christiansen, Preety Gadhoke, Marla Pardilla, Joel Gittelsohn
The purpose of this study was to understand what factors influenced work-family balance and related health behaviors among a sample of rural North American Indian women. We interviewed 89 women through both in-depth interviews and focus groups across four tribal communities in the American Southwest and Upper Midwest between July 2010 and August 2011. Interviews were transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes related to work- family demands placed on women and resources available to cope with those demands...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384801/the-world-health-organization-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-self-report-screening-scale-for-dsm-5
#12
Berk Ustun, Lenard A Adler, Cynthia Rudin, Stephen V Faraone, Thomas J Spencer, Patricia Berglund, Michael J Gruber, Ronald C Kessler
Importance: Recognition that adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common, seriously impairing, and usually undiagnosed has led to the development of adult ADHD screening scales for use in community, workplace, and primary care settings. However, these scales are all calibrated to DSM-IV criteria, which are narrower than the recently developed DSM-5 criteria. Objectives: To update for DSM-5 criteria and improve the operating characteristics of the widely used World Health Organization Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) for screening...
April 5, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379207/building-health-promotion-into-the-job-of-home-care-aides-transformation-of-the-workplace-health-environment
#13
Naoko Muramatsu, Lijuan Yin, Ting-Ti Lin
Home care aides (HCAs), predominantly women, constitute one of the fastest growing occupations in the United States. HCAs work in clients' homes that lack typical workplace resources and benefits. This mixed-methods study examined how HCAs' work environment was transformed by a pilot workplace health promotion program that targeted clients as well as workers. The intervention started with training HCAs to deliver a gentle physical activity program to their older clients in a Medicaid-funded home care program...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376976/environmental-tobacco-smoke-relationship-to-early-pregnancy-discomforts
#14
Hui-Jung Hung, Chiu-Ying Chen, Shu-Li Wang, Trong-Neng Wu, Chiu-Hsiang Lee, Shi-Yann Cheng
OBJECTIVES: We assessed environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and examined its association with pregnancy discomforts. METHODS: We used structured questionnaires to interview a convenience sample of 139 pregnant women (8-20 weeks of gestation) recruited from 2 hospitals in central Taiwan. RESULTS: We found that 84% of the participants experienced ETS exposure in their households, workplaces, and/or public areas. Bivariate analyses showed the severity of pregnancy discomforts in the participants exposed to a high level of ETS was higher than that in those exposed to a low level of ETS...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370203/self-audit-of-lockout-tagout-in-manufacturing-workplaces-a-pilot-study
#15
Samuel C Yamin, David L Parker, Min Xi, Rodney Stanley
BACKGROUND: Occupational health and safety (OHS) self-auditing is a common practice in industrial workplaces. However, few audit instruments have been tested for inter-rater reliability and accuracy. METHODS: A lockout/tagout (LOTO) self-audit checklist was developed for use in manufacturing enterprises. It was tested for inter-rater reliability and accuracy using responses of business self-auditors and external auditors. RESULTS: Inter-rater reliability at ten businesses was excellent (κ = 0...
March 30, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366140/-pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#16
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364446/randomized-prospective-study-of-the-impact-of-a-sleep-health-program-on-firefighter-injury-and-disability
#17
Jason P Sullivan, Conor S O'Brien, Laura K Barger, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Charles A Czeisler, Steven W Lockley
Study Objectives: Firefighters' schedules include extended shifts and long work weeks which cause sleep deficiency and circadian rhythm disruption. Many firefighters also suffer from undiagnosed sleep disorders, exacerbating fatigue. We tested the hypothesis that a workplace-based Sleep Health Program (SHP) incorporating sleep health education and sleep disorders screening would improve firefighter health and safety compared to standard practice. Design: Prospective station-level randomized, field-based intervention...
January 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350304/transfer-of-mindfulness-training-to-the-work-setting-a-qualitative-study-in-a-health-care-system
#18
Christopher J Lyddy, Yotam Schachter, Amy Reyer, Kell Julliard
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness training is now commonly offered as professional development for health care practitioners. Understanding how health care practitioners adopt mindfulness practices is limited, which poses a hurdle to the development of effective mindfulness training programs. To explore how health professionals use and perceive mindfulness practices at work, we conducted an exploratory qualitative study at a large multicomponent inner-city health system. METHODS: All participants were self-selected health professionals who attended at least one mindfulness training...
October 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345686/-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-intervention-at-workplace
#19
REVIEW
Marzena Malińska
A physical activity is a key factor contributing to the improvement and maintenance of one's general health. Although this issue is by no means limited to the workplace, it is precisely the work environment that can provide the basis for keeping and reinforcing more health-conscious attitudes and lifestyles, including programs promoting a physical activity. The paper presents an analysis of the literature on the effectiveness of physical activity intervention at the workplace. Particular attention is paid to the impact of the physical activity programs on musculoskeletal disorders, absenteeism, work ability, physical capacity and body weight of the participants...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344847/exercise-self-efficacy-as-a-mediator-between-goal-setting-and-physical-activity-developing-the-workplace-as-a-setting-for-promoting-physical-activity
#20
Yoshie Iwasaki, Sumihisa Honda, Shuji Kaneko, Kazuhiro Kurishima, Ayumi Honda, Ayumu Kakinuma, Doosub Jahng
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is ranked as a leading health indicator and the workplace is a key setting to promote PA. The purpose of this study was to examine how goal-setting and exercise self-efficacy (SE) during a health promotion program influenced PA level among Japanese workers. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, we surveyed 281 employees. The short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to assess PA level...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
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