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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509714/preventing-occupational-skin-disease-a-review-of-training-programs
#1
Bethany Zack, Victoria H Arrandale, D Linn Holness
Occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) is a common occupational disease that impacts a variety of worker groups. Skin protection and disease prevention training programs have shown promise for improving prevention practices and reducing the incidence of OCD. This review details the features of training programs for primary prevention of OCD and identifies gaps in the literature. Twelve studies were identified for in-depth review: many studies included wet workers employed in health care, hairdressing, cleaning, and food preparation; 1 program featured manufacturing workers...
May 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487095/workplace-violence-against-emergency-nurses-in-taiwan-a-phenomenographic-study
#2
Chin-Yen Han, Chun-Chih Lin, Alan Barnard, Ya-Chu Hsiao, Suzanne Goopy, Li-Chin Chen
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) is a serious problem in health care in Taiwan, as it is worldwide. Among all nursing staff, emergency department (ED) nurses are at the highest risk of WPV; yet, little attention has been paid to nurses as WPV victims. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to understand ED nurses' WPV experiences and perspectives. METHODS: An interpretive qualitative phenomenographic design was used to answer the following research question: what are the qualitatively different ways in which nurses in Taiwan experience WPV in the ED? Thirty ED nurses who identified as experienced with WPV were interviewed, and phenomenographic analysis was used to assess the data...
April 13, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486643/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-outcomes-of-a-workplace-self-management-intervention-and-an-intensive-monitoring-intervention
#3
Laura H Schopp, Mary J Clark, William R Lamberson, David J Uhr, Marian A Minor
The purpose of this study was to determine and compare outcomes of two voluntary workplace health management methods: an adapted worksite self-management (WSM) approach and an intensive health monitoring (IM) approach. Research participants were randomly assigned to either the WSM group or the IM group by a computer-generated list (n = 180; 92 WSM and 88 IM). Participants completed baseline, 3 and 12-month follow-up surveys. Individuals receiving workplace WSM and IM improved in self-efficacy and nearly all health behaviors and health status variables after the intervention, compared to before the intervention...
June 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471971/effects-of-rational-emotive-occupational-health-therapy-intervention-on-the-perceptions-of-organizational-climate-and-occupational-risk-management-practices-among-electronics-technology-employees-in-nigeria
#4
Theresa Chinyere Ogbuanya, Chiedu Eseadi, Chibueze Tobias Orji, Moses Onyemaechi Ede, Ifeanyi Benedict Ohanu, Jimoh Bakare
BACKGROUND: Improving employees' perception of organizational climate, and coaching them to remain steadfast when managing occupational risks associated with their job, might have an important effect on their psychosocial wellbeing and occupational health. This study examined the effects of a rational emotive occupational health therapy intervention program on the perceptions of organizational climate and occupational risk management practices. METHODS: The participants were 77 electronics technology employees in the south-east of Nigeria...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469519/factors-influencing-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-tabuk-saudi-arabia
#5
Riyadh A Alzaheb
BACKGROUND: Breast milk contains all the nutrients infants need for their first 6 months of life. However, only a minority of Saudi Arabian mothers exclusively breastfeed, so the influencing factors must be examined to encourage more to do so. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months and its associated factors in Tabuk, North West Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A total of 589 mothers of healthy infants aged between 6 and 24 months were interviewed while attending Well-Baby Clinics within 5 primary health care centers...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468612/the-barriers-and-facilitators-that-indigenous-health-workers-experience-in-their-workplace-and-communities-in-providing-self-management-support-a-multiple-case-study
#6
Jessica Conway, George Tsourtos, Sharon Lawn
BACKGROUND: The inequality in health outcomes between Indigenous (Throughout the paper, the term Indigenous will be used to represent both Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islander Australians.) and non-Indigenous Australians continues to be a major public health issue. Chronic conditions are responsible for the majority of the gap in life expectancy for this population. Evidence suggests that chronic condition management models focusing on self-management have led to improved health outcomes in Indigenous populations...
May 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468070/-on-national-demonstration-areas-a-cluster-analysis
#7
F Mao, Y Y Jiang, W L Dong, N Ji, J Q Dong
Objective: To understand the 'backward' provinces and the relatively poor work among the construction of National Demonstration Area, so as to promote communication and future visions among different regions. Methods: Methods on Cluster analysis were used to compare the development of National Demonstration Area in different provinces, including the coverage of National Demonstration Area and the scores of non-communicable disease (NCDs) prevention and control work based on a standardized indicating system...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463852/substance-use-among-nurses-and-nursing-students-a-joint-position-statement-of-the-emergency-nurses-association-and-the-international-nurses-society-on-addictions
#8
Stephen Strobbe, Melanie Crowley
Alcohol and other substance use by nurses potentially places patients, the public, and nurses themselves at risk for serious injury or death. Nursing students are also at risk for problems related to substance use. When viewed and treated as a chronic medical illness, treatment outcomes for substance use disorders are comparable with those of other diseases and can result in lasting benefits. Professional monitoring programs that employ an alternative-to-discipline approach have been shown to be effective in the treatment of health professionals with substance use disorders and are considered a standard for recovery, with high rates of completion and return to practice...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456492/barriers-to-the-implementation-of-research-perceived-by-nurses-from-osakidetza
#9
M Ángeles Cidoncha-Moreno, Begoña Ruíz de Alegría-Fernandez de Retana
OBJECTIVE: To understand the barriers to implementing nursing research findings into practice, as perceived by the nurses working in Osakidetza and to analyze if the workplace factor and time worked affect the perception of these barriers. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. BARRIERS Scale questionnaire was given to a representative sample of 1,572 Basque Health Service nurses, stratified and randomized, according to scope of work and job responsibility (response rate: 43...
April 26, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424765/community-health-volunteers-in-primary-healthcare-in-rural-uganda-factors-influencing-performance
#10
Yusufu Kuule, Andrew Eric Dobson, Desalegn Woldeyohannes, Maria Zolfo, Robinah Najjemba, Birungi Mutahunga R Edwin, Nahabwe Haven, Kristien Verdonck, Philip Owiti, Ewan Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION: Community health volunteers (CHVs) play an integral role in primary healthcare. Several countries rely on CHV programs as a major element in improving access to care and attaining universal health coverage. However, their performance has been heterogeneous and at times context-specific, and influenced by multiple factors. We describe the socio-demographic and workplace characteristics affecting CHVs' performance in a public health program in rural western Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on routine program data of CHVs serving the catchment of Bwindi Community Hospital, Kanungu District, South Western Uganda, in 2014 and 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422547/active-travel-behavior-in-a-border-region-of-texas-and-new-mexico-motivators-deterrents-and-characteristics
#11
Ipek N Sener, Richard J Lee
BACKGROUND: Active travel has been linked with improved transportation and health outcomes, such as reduced traffic congestion and air pollution, improved mobility, accessibility and equity, and increased physical and mental health. The purpose of this study was to better understand active travel characteristics, motivators, and deterrents in the El Paso, Texas, region. METHODS: A multimodal transportation survey brought together elements of transportation and health, with a focus on attitudinal characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414625/advancing-well-being-through-total-worker-health%C3%A2
#12
Anita L Schill
Total Worker Health® (TWH) is a paradigm-shifting approach to safety, health, and well-being in the workplace. It is defined as policies, programs, and practices that integrate protection from work-related safety and health hazards with promotion of injury and illness prevention efforts to advance worker well-being. The most current TWH concepts are presented, including a description of issues relevant to TWH and introduction of a hierarchy of controls applied to TWH. Total Worker Health advocates for a foundation of safety and health through which work can contribute to higher levels of well-being...
April 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414580/identifying-personal-risk-factors-for-falls-in-the-workplace
#13
Ann Regina Lurati
Falls can occur in any occupational setting. Occupational health professionals may focus on creating a safe work environment and training programs to prevent falls. However, an important aspect of safety management is identifying at-risk employees. The purpose of this article is to identify personal risk factors and offer interventions to prevent falls in the workplace.
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408272/successful-management-of-a-neck-hematoma-following-simulation-training
#14
Marie-Ève Bélanger, Issam Tanoubi, Mihai Georgescu, Roger Perron, Arnaud Robitaille, Marie-Pierre Charron, Pierre Drolet
Simulation-based education is gaining widespread acceptance in many medical specialties as an effective method to teach technical and non-technical skills. The ultimate goal of simulation is to improve health care and patient safety. Boet et al. [1] published a review on simulation-based crisis resources management (CRM) teaching, looking for evidence that it can lead to improved workplace practices and patient safety. Amongst hundreds of studies pertaining to CRM, he found only nine that were relevant, and only one that showed reduced mortality...
April 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401441/effect-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-sickness-absence-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-or-mental-health-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Vidar Halsteinli, Nils Fleten, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To assess effects of an inpatient multicomponent occupational rehabilitation program compared to less comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation on sickness absence in persons with musculoskeletal- or mental health disorders. Methods Randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals 18-60 years old on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2, identified in a national register...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399974/evaluation-of-the-tuberculosis-infection-control-training-center-tajikistan-2014-2015
#16
C Scott, J Mangan, Z Tillova, P A Jensen, S Ahmedov, J Ismoilova, A Trusov
SETTING: Training center on tuberculosis (TB) infection control (IC) for health care workers in the Central Asian Republics region. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of TB IC training courses conducted at the Tuberculosis Infection Control Training Center in Machiton, Tajikistan. DESIGN: Participants who participated in training (n = 89) during the first year of operation (April 2014-February 2015) were invited to participate in a post-training interview...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397979/the-obstetric-consultant-on-the-labour-ward-beyond-infancy-to-early-adolescence
#17
William F Rayburn
Hospital medicine has emerged over the last two decades into a practice pattern for those with generalist training in internal medicine, family medicine, and pediatrics. Their hospital consultative practices are now generally acceptable in light of a changing health care financial landscape, primary care physicians leaving the hospital workplace, and a push to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of systems-based hospital care. Today, several specialties are more involved in hospital consultant programs such as obstetrics, emergency medicine, surgery, and psychiatry...
April 11, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397160/implementation-of-a-tobacco-free-workplace-program-at-a-local-mental-health-authority
#18
Virmarie Correa-Fernández, William T Wilson, Deborah A Shedrick, Bryce Kyburz, Hannah L Samaha, Timothy Stacey, Teresa Williams, Cho Y Lam, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco-free workplace policies that incorporate evidence-based practices can increase the reach and effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment among underserved populations but may be underutilized due to limited knowledge about implementation processes. This paper describes the implementation of a comprehensive tobacco-free workplace program at a behavioral healthcare community center in Texas. The center participated in a tobacco-free workplace program implementation project that provided guidance and resources and allowed center autonomy in implementation...
April 10, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393716/pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#19
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393559/work-worksites-and-wellbeing-among-north-american-indian-women-a-qualitative-study
#20
Karina Christiansen, Preety Gadhoke, Marla Pardilla, Joel Gittelsohn
The purpose of this study was to understand what factors influenced work-family balance and related health behaviors among a sample of rural North American Indian women. We interviewed 89 women through both in-depth interviews and focus groups across four tribal communities in the American Southwest and Upper Midwest between July 2010 and August 2011. Interviews were transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes related to work- family demands placed on women and resources available to cope with those demands...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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