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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#1
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208883/fostering-educational-research-among-medical-teachers-evaluation-of-a-faculty-development-program-in-india
#2
Tripti K Srivastava, Lalitbhushan S Waghmare, Alka Rawekar, Ved Prakash Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Medical education can be enormously benefitted from research. Since clinicians/medical teachers are directly involved in teaching learning processes, they should participate in Educational Research (ER) practices to generate evidence and insights about teaching learning. Faculty Development Program (FDP) has a positive influence amongst health professionals and therefore can prove to be of consequence in instilling a strong educational research culture. AIM: Present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of a Faculty Development Fellowship Program in Medical Education to foster educational research culture amongst medical teachers...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197863/characterization-of-foreign-born-vs-native-born-worker-fatalities-in-kentucky-2001-2014
#3
Yailet Cruz, Terry Lee Bunn, Nancy Hanner, Svetla Slavova
Information on foreign-born worker (FBW) and native-born worker (NBW) fatal injuries is scarce. The Kentucky Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program analyzed 2001-2014 worker fatality data. The Kentucky FBW fatality rate was double the US FBW and NBW rates, and 50% higher than the Kentucky NBW fatality rate. FBW average age at death was 38 years; NBW age was 47 years. FBW deaths occurred in construction (26%) and services (22%) industries, and transportation [28% (54% due to semi truck crashes)] and construction [26%(48% due to roofing, scaffolding, and ladder-related falls)] occupations; in contrast, NBW deaths occurred in services (22%), and transportation (18%) industries, and transportation (25%) and management (20%) occupations, and were due to exposures to inanimate mechanical forces (38%), and transport accidents (30%)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167711/chronic-conditions-workplace-safety-and-job-demands-contribute-to-absenteeism-and-job-performance
#4
Kimberly Jinnett, Natalie Schwatka, Liliana Tenney, Claire V S Brockbank, Lee S Newman
An aging workforce, increased prevalence of chronic health conditions, and the potential for longer working lives have both societal and economic implications. We analyzed the combined impact of workplace safety, employee health, and job demands (work task difficulty) on worker absence and job performance. The study sample consisted of 16,926 employees who participated in a worksite wellness program offered by a workers' compensation insurer to their employers-314 large, midsize, and small businesses in Colorado across multiple industries...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167710/workplace-programs-policies-and-environmental-supports-to-prevent-cardiovascular-disease
#5
Ron Z Goetzel, Rachel Mosher Henke, Michael A Head, Richele Benevent, Chris Calitz
Using a novel approach, we provide a preliminary "snapshot" of how the comprehensiveness of workplace cardiovascular health initiatives is related to measures of employees' health risks, disease prevalence, and medical expenditures. We linked scores for the twenty large organizations that voluntarily completed the American Heart Association's newly launched Worksite Health Achievement Index (WHAI) for 2015 to individual-level MarketScan® data for 373,478 of their workers with employer benefits that year. Higher aggregate WHAI scores were associated with lower values for four of seven modifiable indicators of cardiovascular risk and a higher value for one...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166124/association-between-employee-sleep-with-workplace-health-and-economic-outcomes
#6
Wayne N Burton, Chin-Yu Chen, Alyssa B Schultz, Xingquan Li
OBJECTIVE: Poor sleep can impact occupational functioning. The current study examines health risks, medical conditions, and workplace economic outcomes associated with self-reported hours of sleep among employees. METHODS: Employees of a global financial services corporation were categorized on the basis of their self-reported average hours of sleep. Differences in health care costs, productivity measures, health risks, and medical conditions were analyzed by hours of sleep while controlling for confounding variables...
February 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160817/under-recording-of-work-related-injuries-and-illnesses-an-osha-priority
#7
Kathleen M Fagan, Michael J Hodgson
INTRODUCTION: A 2009 Government Accounting Office (GAO) report, along with numerous published studies, documented that many workplace injuries are not recorded on employers' recordkeeping logs required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and consequently are under-reported to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), resulting in a substantial undercount of occupational injuries in the United States. METHODS: OSHA conducted a Recordkeeping National Emphasis Program (NEP) from 2009 to 2012 to identify the extent and causes of unrecorded and incorrectly recorded occupational injuries and illnesses...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160815/prevention-of-occupational-injuries-evidence-for-effective-good-practices-in-foundries
#8
Stefano Porru, Stefano Calza, Cecilia Arici
INTRODUCTION: Occupational injuries are a relevant research and practical issue. However, intervention studies evaluating the effectiveness of workplace injury prevention programs are seldom performed. METHOD: The effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention aimed at reducing occupational injury rates (incidence/employment-based=IR, frequency/hours-based=FR, severity=SR) was evaluated between 2008 and 2013 in 29 Italian foundries (22 ferrous; 7 non-ferrous; 3,460 male blue collar workers/year) of varying sizes...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150995/managing-employee-stress-and-wellness-in-the-new-millennium
#9
Katherine M Richardson
It has been almost a decade since Journal of Occupational Health Psychology published back-to-back meta-analyses on occupational stress management interventions (Richardson & Rothstein, 2008) and organizational wellness programs (Parks & Steelman, 2008). These studies cited the need for systematic reviews given the growing body of literature in the field and the proliferation of stress management interventions and mental health wellness programs, which have traditionally been viewed as two distinct initiatives...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135858/perception-interpretation-and-impact-of-health-risk-appraisal-feedback
#10
Kathryn Berlin, Vicki Simpson, Gerry Hyner
One mandate of the Affordable Care Act is continued support of workplace wellness programs. A tool used to encourage behavior change is a health risk appraisal (HRA). However, research indicates there is limited benefit to HRAs unless supported by additional health interventions. The purpose of these two pilot studies was to examine effects of the individual HRA personalized feedback, including the perceived value of the feedback and its influence on behavior change. Six months after completing and receiving HRA personalized feedback, participants in two separate Indiana organizations answered survey questions about the HRA value, motivational influence, and ability to prompt behavior change...
January 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135811/palliative-care-in-new-york-state-nursing-homes
#11
Paula E Lester, Fernando Kawai, Lucan Rodrigues, James Lolis, Diana Martins-Welch, Alexander Shalshin, Melissa J Fazzari, Cynthia X Pan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the current landscape of palliative care (PC) in nursing homes (NHs) in New York State (NYS). MEASUREMENTS: A statewide survey was completed by 149 respondents who named 61 different NHs as their workplace. Questions were related to presence, type, and composition of PC programs; perceptions of PC; barriers to implementing PC; and qualifying medical conditions. RESULTS: Hospice is less available than palliative or comfort care programs, with three-fourths of NYS NH responded providing a PC program...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135301/-if-you-don-t-do-parking-management-forget-your-behaviour-change-it-s-not-going-to-work-health-and-transport-practitioner-perspectives-on-workplace-active-travel-promotion
#12
Nick Petrunoff, Chris Rissel, Li Ming Wen
OBJECTIVES: After having conducted two studies of the effectiveness of workplace travel plans for promoting active travel, we investigated health and transport practitioners' perspectives on implementing workplace travel plans to share some of the lessons learnt. The objectives of this study were to describe perceived elements of effective workplace travel plans, barriers and enablers to workplace travel planning, their experiences of working with the other profession on travel plan implementation, their recommendations for workplace travel planning, and also to explore similarities and differences in transport and health practitioner perspectives...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129078/occupational-health-and-safety-in-aquaculture-insights-on-brazilian-public-policies
#13
Pedro Keller de Oliveira, Richard Souto Cavalli, Hiran Castagnino Kunert Filho, Daiane Carvalho, Nadine Benedetti, Marco Aurélio Rotta, Augusto Sávio Peixoto Ramos, Kelly Cristina Tagliari de Brito, Benito Guimarães de Brito, Andréa Ferretto da Rocha, Marcia Regina Stech, Lissandra Souto Cavalli
Aquaculture has many occupational hazards, including those that are physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic, and mechanical. The risks in aquaculture are inherent, as this activity requires particular practices. The protection of workers and the promotion of health and safety at work have been established to avoid risks. As a business under rapid expansion, aquaculture requires specific and well-established industry programs and policies, especially in developing countries. Aquaculture still lacks scientific research, strategies, laws, and public policies to boost the sector with regard to occupational health and safety...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128788/a-workplace-modified-duty-program-for%C3%A2-employees-in-an-oncology-center
#14
Elpidoforos S Soteriades
BACKGROUND: Workplace modified duty programs may provide reasonable accommodations to employees who have partial temporary job disability and could work on duty accommodations until they fully recover. However, little is known about the implementation barriers and effectiveness of such programs. OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at evaluating the implementation of a modified duty program for employees in an oncology center. METHODS: A modified duty program for employees working at the Bank of Cyprus Oncology Center, a non profit organization with 200 employees located in the Republic of Cyprus was evaluated based on the health records of the occupational medicine department...
January 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127257/factors-associated-with-the-choice-of-public-health-service-among-nursing-students-in-thailand
#15
Krisada Sawaengdee, Nareerut Pudpong, Thunthita Wisaijohn, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Weerasak Putthasri, Mylene Lagarde, Duane Blaauw
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that public and private nursing schools have contributed significantly to the Thai health system, it is not clear whether and to what extent there was difference in job preferences between types of training institutions. This study aimed to examine attitudes towards rural practice, intention to work in public service after graduation, and factors affecting workplace selection among nursing students in both public and private institutions. METHODS: A descriptive comparative cross-sectional survey was conducted among 3349 students from 36 nursing schools (26 public and 10 private) during February-March 2012, using a questionnaire to assess the association between training institution characteristics and students' attitudes, job choices, and intention to work in the public sector upon graduation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110642/barriers-and-facilitators-to-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-whp-activities-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-public-sector-employees-in-tasmania-australia
#16
Michelle Kilpatrick, Leigh Blizzard, Kristy Sanderson, Brook Teale, Kim Jose, Alison Venn
Issue addressed: Workplaces are promising settings for health promotion, yet employee participation in workplace health promotion (WHP) activities is often low or variable. This study explored facilitating factors and barriers associated with participation in WHP activities that formed part of a comprehensive WHP initiative run within the Tasmanian State Service (TSS) between 2009 and 2013.Methods: TSS employee (n=3228) completed surveys in 2013. Data included sociodemographic characteristics, employee-perceived availability of WHP activities, employee-reported participation in WHP activities, and facilitators and barriers to participation...
January 19, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097760/benefits-of-quitting-smoking-on-work-productivity-and-activity-impairment-in-the-united-states-the-european-union-and-china
#17
Christine L Baker, Natalia M Flores, Kelly H Zou, Marianna Bruno, Vannessa J Harrison
BACKGROUND: Smoking has important health and economic consequences for individuals and society. This study expands the understanding of work-related burden associated with smoking and benefit of smoking cessation across the US, European Union (EU) and China using large-scale, representative survey methodology. METHODS: Data utilised the 2013 National Health and Wellness Survey in United States (US), EU5 (UK, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain) and China. Working-aged respondents 18-64 were used in the analyses (US N=58 500; EU5 N=50 417; China N=17 987) and were categorised into: current smokers, trying to quit, former smokers and never smokers...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095813/vocational-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-psychotic-disorders-in-a-scandinavian-welfare-society
#18
Erik Falkum, Ole Klungsøyr, June Ullevoldsæter Lystad, Helen Christine Bull, Stig Evensen, Egil W Martinsen, Svein Friis, Torill Ueland
BACKGROUND: This study examined the outcomes of a vocational rehabilitation program (The Job Management Program, JUMP) for persons with psychotic disorders based on close collaboration between health and welfare services. METHODS: Participants (N = 148) with broad schizophrenia spectrum disorders (age 18-65) were recruited from six counties in Norway. Three counties were randomized to vocational rehabilitation augmented with cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), while the remaining three counties were randomized to vocational rehabilitation augmented with cognitive remediation (CR)...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074580/employer-wellness-programs-challenged-in-court
#19
Mark A Rothstein
Many employers faced with rising health care costs have adopted "voluntary" wellness programs that urge employees to engage in various health-promotion activities, such as smoking cessation and weight reduction. In the proper setting, measures to promote a more healthful lifestyle are difficult to question, but there is little compelling evidence that workplace wellness programs have significant, sustained health benefits or substantially reduce health care costs other than through cost-shifting to unhealthy employees...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063213/obesity-coverage-gap-consumers-perceive-low-coverage-for-obesity-treatments-even-when-workplace-wellness-programs-target-bmi
#20
Elizabeth Ruth Wilson, Theodore K Kyle, Joseph F Nadglowski, Fatima Cody Stanford
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based obesity treatments, such as bariatric surgery, are not considered essential health benefits under the Affordable Care Act. Employer-sponsored wellness programs with incentives based on biometric outcomes are allowed and often used despite mixed evidence regarding their effectiveness. This study examines consumers' perceptions of their coverage for obesity treatments and exposure to workplace wellness programs. METHODS: A total of 7,378 participants completed an online survey during 2015-2016...
January 7, 2017: Obesity
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