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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332885/fragrances-and-work-related-asthma-california-surveillance-data-1993-2012
#1
Justine Lew Weinberg, Jennifer Flattery, Robert Harrison
OBJECTIVE: Fragrance chemicals are used in a large array of products. Workers may be exposed to these chemicals in the workplace directly when used as air fresheners, or indirectly in personal care products used by coworkers or others. This study characterizes work-related asthma (WRA) cases associated with fragrance exposures in California workplaces from 1993 through 2012. METHODS: We used the California Work-Related Asthma Prevention Program's surveillance database to identify individuals with physician-diagnosed WRA associated with the use of air fresheners and scented personal care products (perfumes, colognes, etc...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320979/exposure-to-4-4-methylene-bis-2-chloroaniline-mboca-in-new-south-wales-australia
#2
Kiran Shankar, Vivian Fung, Mahinda Seneviratne, Gregory E O'Donnell
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the level of exposure of 4, 4'-methylene bis(2-chloroaniline) (MbOCA) in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: An integrated occupational hygiene and biological monitoring program were used to assess the workers' exposure to MbOCA via inhalation, ingestion and dermal contact. This was conducted by personal air monitoring, static air monitoring and surface contamination monitoring of the work environment and biological monitoring of the workers' exposure to MbOCA at nine workplaces in NSW...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314487/the-phi-ghfp-ii-employers-study-the-hidden-barriers-between-domestic-and-global-health-careers-and-crucial-competencies-for-success
#3
Sharon Rudy, Natasha Wanchek, David Godsted, Morgan Blackburn, Elise Mann
BACKGROUND: An ongoing discussion in global health in the United States centers on the future of the US-trained global health workforce and how best to prepare professionals for this career path. The Public Health Institute, through its Global Health Fellows Program (I and II), has been in a unique position to identify the shifting employment dynamic in global health. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the survey was to gather information on global health employers' hiring practices and insights into the importance of nonclinical skills in contributing to successful professional work; preparedness of graduates with needed nonclinical skills; and the value of domestic work experience for global health careers...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301588/is-it-all-about-the-money-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-effects-of-performance-based-financial-incentives-on-zimbabwe-s-voluntary-male-medical-circumcision-program
#4
Caryl Feldacker, Aaron F Bochner, Amy Herman-Roloff, Marrianne Holec, Vernon Murenje, Abby Stepaniak, Sinokuthemba Xaba, Mufata Tshimanga, Vuyelwa Chitimbire, Shingirai Makaure, Joseph Hove, Scott Barnhart, Batsirai Makunike
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Zimbabwe's voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) program adopted performance-based financing (PBF) to speed progress towards ambitious VMMC targets. The $25 USD PBF intended to encourage low-paid healthcare workers to remain in the public sector and to strengthen the public healthcare system. The majority of the incentive supports healthcare workers (HCWs) who perform VMMC alongside other routine services; a small portion supports province, district, and facility levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296945/longitudinal-associations-between-body-mass-index-physical-activity-and-healthy-dietary-behaviors-in-adults-a-parallel-latent-growth-curve-modeling-approach
#5
Youngdeok Kim, Jung-Min Lee, Jungyoon Kim, Emily Dhurandhar, Ghada Soliman, Nizar K Wehbi, James Canedy
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) and healthy dietary behaviors (HDB) are two well-documented lifestyle factors influencing body mass index (BMI). This study examined 7-year longitudinal associations between changes in PA, HDB, and BMI among adults using a parallel latent growth curve modeling (LGCM). METHODS: We used prospective cohort data collected by a private company (SimplyWell LLC, Omaha, NE, USA) implementing a workplace health screening program. Data from a total of 2,579 adults who provided valid BMI, PA, and HDB information for at least 5 out of 7 follow-up years from the time they entered the program were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#6
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267097/employer-and-employee-opinions-about-workplace-health-promotion-wellness-programs-results-of-the-2015-harris-poll-nielsen-survey
#7
Katherine McCleary, Ron Z Goetzel, Enid Chung Roemer, Jeff Berko, Karen Kent, Hector De La Torre
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide a current picture of the state of workplace health promotion (wellness) programs in the U.S. from both employer and employee perspectives. METHODS: We analyzed data from two independent surveys of employers (N = 1500) and the general population (N = 4611). RESULTS: Employers reported offering wellness programs at almost twice the rate of employees who reported having these programs available to them...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248895/the-quebec-serve-protect-low-back-pain-study-a-web-based-cross-sectional-investigation-of-prevalence-and-functional-impact-among-police-officers
#8
Nabiha Benyamina Douma, Charles Côté, Anaïs Lacasse
STUDY DESIGN: . Web-based cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: Describe the prevalence and the burden of low back pain (LBP) and chronic low back pain (CLBP) amongQuebec police officers. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Police officers have work-related factors associated with LBP, but chronicity and impacts of this condition have been little exploredamong this population. METHODS: Between May and October 2014, a web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among police officers working in the province of Quebec (Canada)...
February 28, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240730/delphi-consensus-on-the-monitoring-tools-of-main-individual-risk-factors-for-chronic-diseases-by-the-company-doctor
#9
Marco Cremaschini, Roberto Moretti, Marinella Valoti, Giorgio Barbaglio, Mariangela Arnoldi, Flavia Bigoni, Elena Guaschi, Federico Merisi, Pierluigi Passera, Angelo Rebba, Marino Signori, Maurizio Tomio, Alberto Baldasseroni, Paolo Carrer, Giovanni Costa, Luigi Dal Cason, Azelio De Santa, Umberto Gelatti, Claudio Gili, Andrea Magrini, Giuseppe Masanotti, Giampietro Mosconi, Giantommaso Pagliaro, Ernesto Ramistella, Maurizio Ronchin, Luciano Riboldi, Pietro Sartorelli, Emanuele Scafato, Antonello Serra, Biagio Tinghino, Pasquale Valente, Maria Rosa Valetto, Luisella Vigna
BACKGROUND: Data on individual risk factors for chronic diseases (smoking, physical activity, body mass) are collected by company physicians in heterogeneous ways. This makes comparisons, researches and evaluations difficult. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to find a consensus on evaluation tools for chronic diseases risk factors and for health promotion programs in workplaces that could be performed by company physicians during their clinical activity. METHODS: A first set of tools, proposed by a working group of occupational physicians in Bergamo, was submitted through the Delphi technique to a national expert panel of 22 persons including recognized national experts in specific fields and occupational physicians skilled in health promotion...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228457/impact-of-workplace-physical-activity-interventions-on-physical-activity-and-cardiometabolic-health-among-working-age-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Jennifer L Reed, Stephanie A Prince, Cara G Elliott, Kerri-Anne Mullen, Heather E Tulloch, Swapnil Hiremath, Lisa M Cotie, Andrew L Pipe, Robert D Reid
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women in high-income Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Physical activity is protective for cardiovascular disease. The realities of modern life require working-age women to address work-related, family, and social demands. Few working-age women meet current moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) recommendations. Given that working-age women spend a substantial proportion of their waking hours at work, places of employment may be an opportune and a controlled setting to implement programs, improving MVPA levels and enhancing cardiometabolic health...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226059/quality-of-working-life-assessment-of-intervention-studies
#11
Maiza Claudia Vilela Hipólito, Valéria Aparecida Masson, Maria Inês Monteiro, Gustavo Luis Gutierrez
Objective: to analyze the production of knowledge about interventions on quality of working life. Method: integrative review study. The following databases were used for study selection: SciELO, Medline and PubMed. Results: the sample included 25 national and international articles that described programs and methods to acquire healthy habits at the workplace and attenuate its mental demands. Conclusion: by observing the number of businesses throughout the world, a low number of programs addressing workers' health and well-being can be found, and the establishment of efficient policies at institutions could improve this situation...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224415/effectiveness-of-workplace-interventions-in-return-to-work-for-musculoskeletal-pain-related-and-mental-health-conditions-an-update-of-the-evidence-and-messages-for-practitioners
#12
REVIEW
K L Cullen, E Irvin, A Collie, F Clay, U Gensby, P A Jennings, S Hogg-Johnson, V Kristman, M Laberge, D McKenzie, S Newnam, A Palagyi, R Ruseckaite, D M Sheppard, S Shourie, I Steenstra, D Van Eerd, B C Amick
Purpose The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of workplace-based return-to-work (RTW) interventions and work disability management (DM) interventions that assist workers with musculoskeletal (MSK) and pain-related conditions and mental health (MH) conditions with RTW. Methods We followed a systematic review process developed by the Institute for Work & Health and an adapted best evidence synthesis that ranked evidence as strong, moderate, limited, or insufficient...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#13
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208883/fostering-educational-research-among-medical-teachers-evaluation-of-a-faculty-development-program-in-india
#14
Tripti K Srivastava, Lalitbhushan S Waghmare, Alka Rawekar, Ved Prakash Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Medical education can be enormously benefitted from research. Since clinicians/medical teachers are directly involved in teaching learning processes, they should participate in Educational Research (ER) practices to generate evidence and insights about teaching learning. Faculty Development Program (FDP) has a positive influence amongst health professionals and therefore can prove to be of consequence in instilling a strong educational research culture. AIM: Present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of a Faculty Development Fellowship Program in Medical Education to foster educational research culture amongst medical teachers...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197863/characterization-of-foreign-born-vs-native-born-worker-fatalities-in-kentucky-2001-2014
#15
Yailet Cruz, Terry Lee Bunn, Nancy Hanner, Svetla Slavova
Information on foreign-born worker (FBW) and native-born worker (NBW) fatal injuries is scarce. The Kentucky Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program analyzed 2001-2014 worker fatality data. The Kentucky FBW fatality rate was double the US FBW and NBW rates, and 50% higher than the Kentucky NBW fatality rate. FBW average age at death was 38 years; NBW age was 47 years. FBW deaths occurred in construction (26%) and services (22%) industries, and transportation [28% (54% due to semi truck crashes)] and construction [26%(48% due to roofing, scaffolding, and ladder-related falls)] occupations; in contrast, NBW deaths occurred in services (22%), and transportation (18%) industries, and transportation (25%) and management (20%) occupations, and were due to exposures to inanimate mechanical forces (38%), and transport accidents (30%)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167711/chronic-conditions-workplace-safety-and-job-demands-contribute-to-absenteeism-and-job-performance
#16
Kimberly Jinnett, Natalie Schwatka, Liliana Tenney, Claire V S Brockbank, Lee S Newman
An aging workforce, increased prevalence of chronic health conditions, and the potential for longer working lives have both societal and economic implications. We analyzed the combined impact of workplace safety, employee health, and job demands (work task difficulty) on worker absence and job performance. The study sample consisted of 16,926 employees who participated in a worksite wellness program offered by a workers' compensation insurer to their employers-314 large, midsize, and small businesses in Colorado across multiple industries...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167710/workplace-programs-policies-and-environmental-supports-to-prevent-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Ron Z Goetzel, Rachel Mosher Henke, Michael A Head, Richele Benevent, Chris Calitz
Using a novel approach, we provide a preliminary "snapshot" of how the comprehensiveness of workplace cardiovascular health initiatives is related to measures of employees' health risks, disease prevalence, and medical expenditures. We linked scores for the twenty large organizations that voluntarily completed the American Heart Association's newly launched Worksite Health Achievement Index (WHAI) for 2015 to individual-level MarketScan® data for 373,478 of their workers with employer benefits that year. Higher aggregate WHAI scores were associated with lower values for four of seven modifiable indicators of cardiovascular risk and a higher value for one...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166124/association-between-employee-sleep-with-workplace-health-and-economic-outcomes
#18
Wayne N Burton, Chin-Yu Chen, Alyssa B Schultz, Xingquan Li
OBJECTIVE: Poor sleep can impact occupational functioning. The current study examines health risks, medical conditions, and workplace economic outcomes associated with self-reported hours of sleep among employees. METHODS: Employees of a global financial services corporation were categorized on the basis of their self-reported average hours of sleep. Differences in health care costs, productivity measures, health risks, and medical conditions were analyzed by hours of sleep while controlling for confounding variables...
February 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160817/under-recording-of-work-related-injuries-and-illnesses-an-osha-priority
#19
Kathleen M Fagan, Michael J Hodgson
INTRODUCTION: A 2009 Government Accounting Office (GAO) report, along with numerous published studies, documented that many workplace injuries are not recorded on employers' recordkeeping logs required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and consequently are under-reported to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), resulting in a substantial undercount of occupational injuries in the United States. METHODS: OSHA conducted a Recordkeeping National Emphasis Program (NEP) from 2009 to 2012 to identify the extent and causes of unrecorded and incorrectly recorded occupational injuries and illnesses...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160815/prevention-of-occupational-injuries-evidence-for-effective-good-practices-in-foundries
#20
Stefano Porru, Stefano Calza, Cecilia Arici
INTRODUCTION: Occupational injuries are a relevant research and practical issue. However, intervention studies evaluating the effectiveness of workplace injury prevention programs are seldom performed. METHOD: The effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention aimed at reducing occupational injury rates (incidence/employment-based=IR, frequency/hours-based=FR, severity=SR) was evaluated between 2008 and 2013 in 29 Italian foundries (22 ferrous; 7 non-ferrous; 3,460 male blue collar workers/year) of varying sizes...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
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