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Khalid H Al-Qahtani, Mutahir A Tunio, Mushabbab Al Asiri, Yasser Bayoumi, Walaa A Alshehri, Naji J Aljohani, Ahmed Amir Ali, Hanadi Fatani
To evaluate the clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes of papillary thyroid carcinoma tall cell variant (PTC-TCV) in Saudi population. Methods: This retrospective study were medical records of 776 treated PTC patients between December 2007 and 2015, at King Fahad Medical City and King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was probed for PTC-TCV. Total 42 (5.4%) patients were found to have PTC-TCV, which were investigated for demographic, symptoms, histopathological features, and treatment outcomes locoregional control (LRC), distant metastasis control (DMC), disease free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) rates...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Galina V Seledtsova, Irina P Ivanova, Alexey A Shishkov, Victor I Seledtsov
The overall objective of disease management in autoimmune diseases is to suppress chronic inflammation and prevent organ damage. Therapies often revolve around five drug classes: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), anti-malarials, steroids, immunosuppressants, and bio-therapies. However, none of these is a 'cure' and each displays a potential for adverse events. In particular, while all of them suppress harmful autoimmune responses, they also impact on useful protective immune responses. T-Cell receptor (TCR) immunogenicity provides a rationale for T-cell vaccinations to induce anti-idiotypic immune responses with the purpose of down-regulating functionality of idiotype-bearing self-reactive T-cells...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
Simone Frédérique Brenière, Etienne Waleckx, Christian Barnabé
Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, presents wide genetic diversity. Currently, six discrete typing units (DTUs), named TcI to TcVI, and a seventh one called TcBat are used for strain typing. Beyond the debate concerning this classification, this systematic review has attempted to provide an inventory by compiling the results of 137 articles that have used it. A total of 6,343 DTU identifications were analyzed according to the geographical and host origins. Ninety-one percent of the data available is linked to South America...
August 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Ruimin Gao, Peng Liu, Nadia Irwanto, De Rong Loh, Sek-Man Wong
A long intergenic noncoding RNA LINC - AP2 is upregulated and negatively correlated with AP2 gene expression with Turnip crinkle virus infection in Arabidopsis. Plant vegetative growth and floral reproductive structure were severely retarded and distorted in Turnip crinkle virus (TCV)-infected Arabidopsis thaliana. Compared to mock-inoculated plants, the stamen filaments were shorter in flowers of TCV-infected plants. However, TCV-infected plants can still produce normal seeds through artificial pollination, indicating both its pollen and stigma were biologically functional...
November 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Micki M Kuhlmann, Maitreyi Chattopadhyay, Vera A Stupina, Feng Gao, Anne E Simon
UNLABELLED: Ribosome recoding is used by RNA viruses for translational readthrough or frameshifting past termination codons for the synthesis of extension products. Recoding sites, along with downstream recoding stimulatory elements (RSEs), have long been studied in reporter constructs, because these fragments alone mediate customary levels of recoding and are thus assumed to contain complete instructions for establishment of the proper ratio of termination to recoding. RSEs from the Tombusviridae and Luteoviridae are thought to be exceptions, since they contain a long-distance RNA-RNA connection with the 3' end...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
Andrey Bychkov, Pichet Sampatanukul, Shanop Shuangshoti, Somboon Keelawat
We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of the novel immunohistochemical marker TROP-2 on thyroid specimens (226 tumours and 207 controls). Whole slide immunohistochemistry was performed and scored by automated digital image analysis. Non-neoplastic thyroid, follicular adenomas, follicular carcinomas, and medullary carcinomas were negative for TROP-2 immunostaining. The majority of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) specimens (94/114, 82.5%) were positive for TROP-2; however, the pattern of staining differed significantly between the histopathological variants...
August 2016: Pathology
Rejane C Marques, José V E Bernardi, Mônica P L Cunha, José G Dórea
In the transitioning Amazon, we addressed birth environment (home vs hospital) and associated perinatal organic-Hg exposures: methylmercury (MeHg) from maternal fish consumption and ethylmercury (EtHg) from pediatric Thimerosal-containing vaccines (TCVs) taken systematically during hospital delivery. We studied 365 children in relation to linear growth at 60 months and neurodevelopment (milestone achievements, Bayley Scale of Infant Development/BSID at 24 months, and Stanford-Binet intelligence tests at 60 months)...
August 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
José G Dórea, Rejane C Marques
CONTEXT: Environmental mercury in the Amazon mostly originates from geochemical sources with some from artisanal gold mining (AGM). Geochemical-originated methylmercury (MeHg) reaches the aquatic food chain, ending up in fish. Inorganic Hg used in AGM is responsible for localised environmental contamination and occupational exposure of adults. In addition to this, iatrogenic ethylmercury (EtHg) derived from Thimerosal-containing vaccines (TCVs) exposes immunised infants. OBJECTIVE: To understand Hg exposure in the Amazon in relation to environmental fish-MeHg exposure, occupational AGM activities and low-doses of TCV-EtHg...
July 2016: Annals of Human Biology
Iván A Bontempi, María L Bizai, Sylvia Ortiz, Silvia Manattini, Diana Fabbro, Aldo Solari, Cristina Diez
Different DNA markers to genotype Trypanosoma cruzi are now available. However, due to the low quantity of parasites present in biological samples, DNA markers with high copy number like kinetoplast minicircles are needed. The aim of this study was to complete a DNA assay called minicircle lineage specific-PCR (MLS-PCR) previously developed to genotype the T. cruzi DTUs TcV and TcVI, in order to genotype DTUs TcI and TcII and to improve TcVI detection. We screened kinetoplast minicircle hypervariable sequences from cloned PCR products from reference strains belonging to the mentioned DTUs using specific kDNA probes...
September 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Ruimin Gao, Peng Liu, Yuhan Yong, Sek-Man Wong
Turnip crinkle virus (TCV) is a carmovirus that infects many Arabidopsis ecotypes. Most studies mainly focused on discovery of resistance genes against TCV infection, and there is no Next Generation Sequencing based comparative genome wide transcriptome analysis reported. In this study, RNA-seq based transcriptome analysis revealed that 238 (155 up-regulated and 83 down-regulated) significant differentially expressed genes with at least 15-fold change were determined. Fifteen genes (including upregulated, unchanged and downregulated) were selected for RNA-seq data validation using quantitative real-time PCR, which showed consistencies between these two sets of data...
2016: Scientific Reports
R H Lucero, B L Brusés, C I Cura, L B Formichelli, N Juiz, G J Fernández, M Bisio, G D Deluca, S Besuschio, D O Hernández, A G Schijman
Most indigenous ethnias from Northern Argentina live in rural areas of "the Gran Chaco" region, where Trypanosoma cruzi is endemic. Serological and parasitological features have been poorly characterized in Aboriginal populations and scarce information exist regarding relevant T. cruzi discrete typing units (DTU) and parasitic loads. This study was focused to characterize T. cruzi infection in Qom, Mocoit, Pit'laxá and Wichi ethnias (N=604) and Creole communities (N=257) inhabiting rural villages from two highly endemic provinces of the Argentinean Gran Chaco...
July 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Bart Glibert, Virginie Bourleaux, Rudy Peeters, Tim Reynolds, Guido Vranken
BACKGROUND: Analytical performance of 24 Beckman-Coulter AU 5800 methods was verified against recognized quality goals and manufacturer's expected imprecision and bias. METHODS: AU5800 method imprecision, bias, agreement with a comparative method, and linearity were studied using CLSI protocols, commercial control material, patient samples, and linearity test kit solutions. Repeat patient testing and IQC were also used for imprecision. Commutability of control material was tested...
2016: Clinical Laboratory
Xiaofei Wang, Wenli Cheng, Chongqing Liu, Jingdong Li
Tall cell variant (TCV) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has been recognized for the past few decades as an entity showing aggressive biological behavior; however, there is considerable controversy regarding the definition, clinical and pathological features of TCV because of its rarity and difficult diagnosis. No clinical features can accurately diagnose TCV. Thus, the results of histocytology, immunohistochemistry and molecular genetics tests have important clinical implications for diagnosis. Given the aggressiveness and the increased recurrence and poor survival rates, more aggressive treatment approach and rigorous follow-up is required for patients with TCV...
March 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Xiao-Jun Pu, Ya-Nan Li, Li-Jie Wei, De-Hui Xi, Hong-Hui Lin
Members of the plant mitochondrial energy-dissipation pathway (MEDP) coordinate cellular energy metabolism, redox homeostasis and the balance of ROS production. However, the roles of MEDP members, particularly uncoupling protein (UCP), in resistance to turnip crinkle virus infection (TCV) are poorly understood. Here, we showed that disrupting some MEDP genes compromises plant resistance to TCV viral infection and this is partly associated with damaged photosynthetic characteristics, altered cellular redox and increased ROS production...
April 29, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
V Davydenko, V Amirov, A Gorbovsky, P Deichuli, A Ivanov, A Kolmogorov, V Kapitonov, V Mishagin, I Shikhovtsev, A Sorokin, N Stupishin, A N Karpushov, A Smirnov, R Uhlemann
Multi-slit triode ion-optical systems with spherical electrodes are of interest for formation of intense focused neutral beams for plasma heating. At present, two versions of focusing multi-slit triode ion optical system are developed. The first ion optical system forms the proton beam with 15 keV energy, 140 A current, and 30 ms duration. The second ion optical system is intended for heating neutral beam injector of Tokamak Configuration Variable (TCV). The injector produces focused deuterium neutral beam with 35 keV energy, 1 MW power, and 2 s duration...
February 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Hong-Cheng Wang, Hao-Yi Cheng, Shu-Sen Wang, Dan Cui, Jing-Long Han, Ya-Ping Hu, Shi-Gang Su, Ai-Jie Wang
In this study, a novel scaled-up hybrid acidogenic bioreactor (HAB) was designed and adopted to evaluate the performance of azo dye (acid red G, ARG) containing wastewater treatment. Principally, HAB is an acidogenic bioreactor coupled with a biocatalyzed electrolysis module. The effects of hydraulic retention time (HRT) and ARG loading rate on the performance of HAB were investigated. In addition, the influent was switched from synthetic wastewater to domestic wastewater to examine the key parameters for the application of HAB...
January 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Nur Dalilah Dahlan, Yakubu Yau Gital
The study was done to identify affective and sensory responses observed as a result of hysteresis effects in transient thermal conditions consisting of warm-neutral and neutral - warm performed in a quasi-experiment setting. Air-conditioned building interiors in hot-humid areas have resulted in thermal discomfort and health risks for people moving into and out of buildings. Reports have shown that the instantaneous change in air temperature can cause abrupt thermoregulation responses. Thermal sensation vote (TSV) and thermal comfort vote (TCV) assessments as a consequence of moving through spaces with distinct thermal conditions were conducted in an existing single-story office in a hot-humid microclimate, maintained at an air temperature 24 °C (± 0...
May 2016: Applied Ergonomics
Angela Martinez-Perez, Cristina Poveda, Juan David Ramírez, Francesca Norman, Núria Gironés, Felipe Guhl, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Manuel Fresno, Rogelio López-Vélez
Chagas disease is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. This is an endemic disease in the Americas, but increased migration to Europe has made it emerge in countries where it was previously unknown, being Spain the second non endemic country in number of patients. T. cruzi is a parasite with a wide genetic diversity, which has been grouped by consensus into 6 Discrete Typing Units (DTUs) affecting humans. Some authors have linked these DTUs either to a specific epidemiological context or to the different clinical presentations...
May 2016: Acta Tropica
M C Cecere, M Leporace, M P Fernández, J E Zárate, C Moreno, R E Gürtler, M V Cardinal
We assessed the prevalence of infection with Trypanosoma cruzi, parasite genotypes (discrete typing units, DTUs), and the host-feeding sources of domestic and peridomestic Triatoma infestans Klug and Triatoma eratyrusiformis Del Ponte in eight rural communities of the subandean Calchaqui valleys in northwestern Argentina. We sought to analyze their epidemiological role in the context of routine vector surveillance and control actions. Infection with T. cruzi was determined by optic microscopy or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the hypervariable region of kinetoplast DNA minicircles...
February 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
Christian Barnabé, Hugo Ignacio Mobarec, Marcelo Roman Jurado, Jacqueline Andrea Cortez, Simone Frédérique Brenière
It is generally acknowledged that Trypanosoma cruzi, responsible for Chagas disease, is structured into six or seven distinct discrete typing units (DTUs), and termed TcI through TcVI and TcBat for the seventh, by a collective of researchers. However, such structuring can be validated only when the species is analyzed over its entire distribution area with the same genetic markers. Many works have dealt with several DTUs in limited areas, generally one country, others have dealt with only one DTU over the endemic area, but no work has reported data of all DTUs over the entire endemic area...
April 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
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