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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323104/cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity-of-lipid-nanocapsules
#1
Gaël Le Roux, Hélène Moche, Alejandro Nieto, Jean-Pierre Benoit, Fabrice Nesslany, Frédéric Lagarce
Lipid nanocapsules (LNCs) offer a promising method for the entrapment and nanovectorisation of lipophilic molecules. This new type of nanocarrier, formulated according to a solvent-free process and using only regulatory-approved components, exhibits many prerequisites for being well tolerated. Although toxicological reference values have already been obtained in mice, interaction of LNCs at the cell level needs to be elucidated. LNCs, measuring from 27.0±0.1nm (25nm LNCs) and 112.1±1.8nm (100nm LNCs) and with a zeta potential between -38...
March 17, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322394/self-assembly-of-magnesium-seamed-hexameric-pyrogallol-4-arene-nanocapsules
#2
Chen Zhang, Rahul S Patil, Tao Li, Charles L Barnes, Jerry L Atwood
The solvothermal synthesis of a metal-seamed hexameric nanocapsule from pyrogallol[4]arenes and magnesium is reported. The unique non-toxic and biocompatible nature of divalent magnesium cations in addition to the large inherent cavities make these nanocapsules promising for potential application in biomedicine. In addition, we show that these nanocapsules can form cocrystals with pyridine molecules through hydrogen bonding, which sheds light to cocrystallization of supramolecular nanocapsules with small pharmaceutics...
March 21, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322108/polymeric-glabrescione-b-nanocapsules-for-passive-targeting-of-hedgehog-dependent-tumor-therapy-in-vitro
#3
Cinzia Ingallina, Pedro M Costa, Francesca Ghirga, Rebecca Klippstein, Julie T Wang, Simone Berardozzi, Naomi Hodgins, Paola Infante, Steven M Pollard, Bruno Botta, Khuloud T Al-Jamal
AIM: With the purpose of delivering high doses of glabrescione B (GlaB) to solid tumors after systemic administration, long-circulating GlaB-loaded oil-cored polymeric nanocapsules (NC-GlaB) were formulated. MATERIALS & METHODS: Synthesis of GlaB and its encapsulation in nanocapsules (NCs) was performed. Empty and GlaB-loaded NCs were assessed for their physico-chemical properties, in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo biodistribution. RESULTS: GlaB was efficiently loaded into NCs (∽90%), which were small (∽160 nm), homogeneous and stable upon storage...
March 21, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319903/fe-iii-based-metal-organic-framework-derived-core-shell-nanostructure-sensitive-electrochemical-platform-for-high-trace-determination-of-heavy-metal-ions
#4
Zhihong Zhang, Hongfei Ji, Yingpan Song, Shuai Zhang, Minghua Wang, Changchang Jia, Jia-Yue Tian, Linghao He, Xiaojing Zhang, Chun-Sen Liu
A new core-shell nanostructured composite composed of Fe(III)-based metal-organic framework (Fe-MOF) and mesoporous Fe3O4@C nanocapsules (denoted as Fe-MOF@mFe3O4@mC) was synthesized and developed as a platform for determining trace heavy metal ions in aqueous solution. Herein, the mFe3O4@mC nanocapsules were prepared by calcining the hollow Fe3O4@C that was obtained using the SiO2 nanoparticles as the template, followed by composing the Fe-MOF. The Fe-MOF@mFe3O4@mC nanocomposite demonstrated excellent electrochemical activity, water stability and high specific surface area, consequently resulting in the strong biobinding with heavy-metal-ion-targeted aptamer strands...
March 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304019/probing-the-structure-and-in-silico-stability-of-cargo-loaded-dna-icosahedra-using-md-simulations
#5
Himanshu Joshi, Dhiraj Bhatia, Yamuna Krishnan, Prabal K Maiti
Platonic solids such as polyhedra based on DNA have been deployed for multifarious applications such as RNAi delivery, biological targeting and bioimaging. All of these applications hinge on the capability of DNA polyhedra for molecular display with high spatial precision. Therefore high resolution structural models of such polyhedra are critical to widen their applications in both materials and biology. Here, we present an atomistic model of a well-characterized DNA icosahedron, with demonstrated versatile functionalities in biological systems...
March 17, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288895/nanocapsules-of-therapeutic-proteins-with-enhanced-stability-and-long-blood-circulation-for-hyperuricemia-management
#6
Xiaopei Zhang, Duo Xu, Xin Jin, Gan Liu, Sheng Liang, Hui Wang, Wei Chen, Xinyuan Zhu, Yunfeng Lu
Among a broad spectrum of medical treatments, protein therapeutics holds tremendous opportunities for the treatment of metabolic disorders, cancer, autoimmune diseases and etc. Broad adaption of protein therapeutics, however, still remain challenging, not only because of poor protein stability, but they also experience fast clearance after administrated and elicit immune responses, resulting in undesirable biodistribution and short blood residence time. In this study, we demonstrate a novel protein delivery method via encapsulating therapeutic proteins within thin shells of poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), which leads to significantly improved protein stability, reduced macrophage uptake, prolonged circulation time and reduced immunogenicity...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285147/protective-roles-of-nanomelatonin-in-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-of-aged-brain-matrixmetalloproteinases-as-regulators
#7
Sibani Sarkar, Abhishek Mukherjee, Nirmalendu Das, Snehasikta Swarnakar
Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (CIR) injury occurs as a result of oxygen occlusion in the carotid artery through embolus or thrombus formation or cerebrovascular hemorrhage. The oxygen thrust during reperfusion causes the generation of reactive oxidative species (ROS) which exert a potential threat to neuronal survival. ROS may possibly be arrested by antioxidants. After CIR, extracellular matrix remodeling takes place, which is governed by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Augmentation of lipid per oxidation, perturbation of antioxidant enzyme activities and the loss of pyramidal neuronal cells in rat brain were attributed to CIR injury...
March 8, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276999/preparation-of-free-standing-hybrid-colloidal-membranes-via-assembly-of-liponanocapsules
#8
Yuuka Fukui, Shuhei Kameyama, Keiji Fujimoto
We intended to create a free-standing and organic-inorganic hybrid colloidal membrane. The colloidal membrane was assembled from polymeric capsules, which were prepared by coating of polymer layers over a liposome (liponanocapsules). In this study, two approaches were employed for mineralization over the membrane with calcium phosphate (CaP) to control its mechanical robustness and biodegradability (hybrid bioscaffold). One approach was based on CaP deposition over the liponanocapsules and their assembly into the hybrid membrane...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274740/lipid-nanocapsules-maintain-full-integrity-after-crossing-a-human-intestinal-epithelium-model
#9
Emilie Roger, Jean-Christophe Gimel, Conor Bensley, Andrey S Klymchenko, Jean-Pierre Benoit
Lipid nanocapsules (LNCs) have demonstrated great potential for the oral delivery of drugs having very limited oral bioavailability (BCS class II, III and IV molecules). It has been shown previously that orally-administered LNCs can permeate through mucus, increase drug absorption by the epithelial tissue, and finally, increase drug bioavailability. However, even if transport mechanisms through mucus and the intestinal barrier have already been clarified, the preservation of particle integrity is still not known...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267256/shear-sensitive-nanocapsule-drug-release-for-site-specific-inhibition-of-occlusive-thrombus-formation
#10
Christopher P Molloy, Yu Yao, Helene Kammoun, Thomas Bonnard, Thomas Hoefer, Karen Alt, Francisco Tovar-Lopez, Gary Rosengarten, Paul A Ramsland, Andries D van der Meer, Albert van den Berg, Andrew J Murphy, Christoph E Hagemeyer, Karlheinz Peter, Erik Westein
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction and stroke remain the leading causes of mortality and morbidity. The major limitation of current antiplatelet therapy is that their effective concentrations are limited due to bleeding complications. Targeted delivery of antiplatelet drug to sites of thrombosis would overcome these limitations. OBJECTIVES: Here, we have exploited a key biomechanical feature specific to thrombosis; significantly increased blood shear stress due to a reduction in the lumen of the vessel, to achieve site directed delivery of the clinically used antiplatelet agent eptifibatide using shear-sensitive phosphatidylcholine based nanocapsules...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264204/new-curcumin-loaded-chitosan-nanocapsules-in-vivo-evaluation
#11
Edgar Marin, Maria Isabel Briceño, Alicia Torres, Catherina Caballero-George
The medicinal applications of curcumin, the major component of Curcuma longa, are limited by its poor solubility and low oral bioavailability. In order to overcome this limitation, a method to produce nanocapsules of chitosan loaded with curcumin was developed. Three different molecular weight and deacetylation degree chitosan polymers were used in the formulation in order to prepare curcumin-loaded nanocapsules (mass ratio 1 : 1.4). The best results were achieved using chitosan-Bi with a molecular weight of 710 000 Da...
March 6, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254296/enhanced-photostability-radical-scavenging-and-antitumor-activity-of-indole-3-carbinol-loaded-rose-hip-oil-nanocapsules
#12
Mailine Gehrcke, Laura Minussi Giuliani, Luana Mota Ferreira, Allanna Valentini Barbieri, Marcel Henrique Marcondes Sari, Elita Ferreira da Silveira, Juliana Hofstatter Azambuja, Cristina Wayne Nogueira, Elizandra Braganhol, Letícia Cruz
This study aimed to develop poly(ε-caprolactone) nanocapsules loaded with indole-3-cabinol (I3C) using rose hip oil (RHO) or medium chain triglycerides (MCT) as oil core. In vitro radical scavenging activity (DPPH method), hemolysis, and antitumor effects on breast (MCF-7) and glioma (C6) cells were conducted. Preformulation evaluations revealed that RHO is suitable to prepare the nanocapsules considering the log P determination and dissolution/swelling experiments of polymer films. The nanocapsules were prepared and presented adequate physicochemical characteristics as mean size around 250nm, polydispersity index values <0...
May 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246671/nanocapsules-engineered-from-polyhedral-zif-8-templates-for-bone-targeted-hydrophobic-drug-delivery
#13
Xiaoli Wang, Dandan Miao, Xiaoyu Liang, Jiayi Liang, Chao Zhang, Jing Yang, Deling Kong, Chun Wang, Hongfan Sun
A novel bone-targeted delivery systems based on nanocapsules was developed utilizing a Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework (ZIF-8) as a template and catechol-modified gelatin as wall material. A targeting ligand was facilely conjugated on the surface of nanocapsules. Simvastatin was encapsulated within the nanocapsules with a loading of 37.9%. Hydroxyapatite binding and in vivo biodistribution of the drug-loaded nanocapsules were investigated.
March 1, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235590/rational-design-of-polyarginine-nanocapsules-intended-to-help-peptides-overcoming-intestinal-barriers
#14
Zhigao Niu, Erik Tedesco, Federico Benetti, Aloïse Mabondzo, Isabella Monia Montagner, Ilaria Marigo, David Gonzalez-Touceda, Sulay Tovar, Carlos Diéguez, Manuel J Santander-Ortega, María J Alonso
The aim of this work was to rationally design and characterize nanocapsules (NCs) composed of an oily core and a polyarginine (PARG) shell, intended for oral peptide delivery. The cationic polyaminoacid, PARG, and the oily core components were selected based on their penetration enhancing properties. Insulin was adopted as a model peptide to assess the performance of the NCs. After screening numerous formulation variables, including different oils and surfactants, we defined a composition consisting of oleic acid, sodium deoxycholate (SDC) and Span 80...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230733/ck2-molecular-targeting-tumor-cell-specific-delivery-of-rnai-in-various-models-of-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Janeen H Trembley, Betsy T Kren, Md Joynal Abedin, Rachel I Vogel, Claire M Cannon, Gretchen M Unger, Khalil Ahmed
Protein kinase CK2 demonstrates increased protein expression relative to non-transformed cells in the majority of cancers that have been examined. The elevated levels of CK2 are involved in promoting not only continued proliferation of cancer cells but also their resistance to cell death; thus, CK2 has emerged as a plausible target for cancer therapy. Our focus has been to target CK2 catalytic subunits at the molecular level using RNA interference (RNAi) strategies to achieve their downregulation. The delivery of oligonucleotide therapeutic agents warrants that they are protected and are delivered specifically to cancer cells...
February 21, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226244/molecularly-organic-inorganic-hybrid-hollow-mesoporous-organosilica-nanocapsules-with-tumor-specific-biodegradability-and-enhanced-chemotherapeutic-functionality
#16
Ping Huang, Yu Chen, Han Lin, Luodan Yu, Linlin Zhang, Liying Wang, Yufang Zhu, Jianlin Shi
Based on the intrinsic features of high stability and unique multifunctionality, inorganic nanoparticles have shown remarkable potentials in combating cancer, but their biodegradability and biocompatibility are still under debate. As a paradigm, this work successfully demonstrates that framework organic-inorganic hybridization can endow the inorganic mesoporous silica nanocarriers with unique tumor-sensitive biodegradability and high biocompatibility. Based on a "chemical homology" mechanism, molecularly organic-inorganic hybridized hollow mesoporous organosilica nanocapsules (HMONs) with high dispersity and sub-50 nm particle dimension were constructed in mass production...
February 15, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210718/synthesis-and-epr-spectroscopic-characterization-of-the-perchlorotriarylmethyl-tricarboxylic-acid-radical-ptmtc-and-its-13-c-labelled-analogue-13c-ptmtc
#17
Marwa Elewa, Nadica Maltar-Strmečki, Mohamed M Said, Hosam A El Shihawy, Mohamed El-Sadek, Juliane Frank, Simon Drescher, Malte Drescher, Karsten Mäder, Dariush Hinderberger, Peter Imming
A hydrophilic tris(tetrachlorotriaryl)methyl (tetrachloro-TAM) radical labelled 50% with (13)C at the central carbon atom was prepared. The mixture of isotopologue radicals was characterised by continuous wave and pulsed X-band electron paramagnetic spectroscopy (EPS). For the pharmaceutical and medical applications planned, the quantitative influence of oxygen, viscosity, temperature and pH on EPR line widths was studied in aqueous buffer, DMSO, water-methanol and water-glycerol mixtures. Under in vivo conditions, pH can be disregarded...
February 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198410/evaluation-of-the-immunological-profile-of-antibody-functionalized-metal-filled-single-walled-carbon-nanocapsules-for-targeted-radiotherapy
#18
Aritz Perez Ruiz de Garibay, Cinzia Spinato, Rebecca Klippstein, Maxime Bourgognon, Markus Martincic, Elzbieta Pach, Belén Ballesteros, Cécilia Ménard-Moyon, Khuloud T Al-Jamal, Gerard Tobias, Alberto Bianco
This study investigates the immune responses induced by metal-filled single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) under in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo settings. Either empty amino-functionalized CNTs [SWCNT-NH2 (1)] or samarium chloride-filled amino-functionalized CNTs with [SmCl3@SWCNT-mAb (3)] or without [SmCl3@SWCNT-NH2 (2)] Cetuximab functionalization were tested. Conjugates were added to RAW 264.7 or PBMC cells in a range of 1 μg/ml to 100 μg/ml for 24 h. Cell viability and IL-6/TNFα production were determined by flow cytometry and ELISA...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197613/unusual-nanosized-associates-of-carboxy-calix-4-resorcinarene-and-cetylpyridinium-chloride-the-macrocycle-as-a-glue-for-surfactant-micelles
#19
Ju E Morozova, V V Syakaev, Ya V Shalaeva, A M Ermakova, I R Nizameev, M K Kadirov, A D Voloshina, V V Zobov, I S Antipin, A I Konovalov
The association of cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) micelles in the presence of octaacetated tetraphenyleneoxymethylcalix[4]resorcinarene (CR) leads to the formation of unusual spherical supramolecular nanoparticles (SNPs). Within the range of CR/CPC molar ratios from 10/1 to 1/10 (except for 1/8), CR, acting as a counterion, decreases the critical micelle concentration of CPC by one order of magnitude and leads to the formation of SNPs with an average hydrodynamic radius of 164 nm and an average zeta potential of -60 mV...
February 15, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185949/achyrocline-satureioides-essential-oil-loaded-in-nanocapsules-ameliorate-the-antioxidant-oxidant-status-in-heart-of-rats-infected-with-trypanosoma-evansi
#20
Carine F Souza, Matheus D Baldissera, Luciana F Cossetin, Daiane F Dalla Lana, Silvia G Monteiro
Oxidative stress has been considered as a pathological mechanism that contributes to initiation and progression of cardiac injury during the Trypanosoma evansi infection. In this sense, the natural compounds with antioxidant and free radical scavenger abilities, such the Achyrocline satureioides essential oil loaded in nanocapsules (AS-NC), may be considered important approach to minimize the cardiac damage. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether AS-NC treatment is able to prevents or reduce the cardiac oxidative damage in infected rats with T...
February 6, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
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