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Arvind Bagde, Arindam Mondal, Mandip Singh
Annually, more skin cancer cases are diagnosed than the collective incidence of the colon, lung, breast and prostate cancer. Persistent contact with sunlight is a primary cause for all the skin malignancies. UVB radiation induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the skin which eventually leads to DNA damage and mutation. Various delivery approaches for the skin cancer treatment/prevention have been evolving and are directed towards improvements in terms of delivery modes, therapeutic agents and site-specificity of therapeutics delivery...
November 18, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Ke Kang, Jin Ma, Qiangying Yi, Zhongwei Gu
AIM: To build up a remote triggering drug delivery system with hyperthermia-responsive ammonium bicarbonate salt and investigate its effects on tumor therapy. MATERIALS & METHODS: This hybrid nanocapsule system was prepared by a different strategy, doxorubicin (DOX) was encapsulated in the heparin shell first and then ammonium bicarbonate was diffused into the nanocapsules to generate DOX-bicarbonate salt, its characterizations and effects on tumor therapy were investigated...
November 14, 2017: Nanomedicine
Guizhi Zhu, Lei Mei, Harshad D Vishwasrao, Orit Jacobson, Zhantong Wang, Yijing Liu, Bryant C Yung, Xiao Fu, Albert Jin, Gang Niu, Qin Wang, Fuwu Zhang, Hari Shroff, Xiaoyuan Chen
Nanomedicines that co-deliver DNA, RNA, and peptide therapeutics are highly desirable yet remain underdeveloped for cancer theranostics. Herein, we report self-assembled intertwining DNA-RNA nanocapsules (iDR-NCs) that efficiently delivered synergistic DNA CpG and short hairpin RNA (shRNA) adjuvants, as well as tumor-specific peptide neoantigens into antigen presenting cells (APCs) in lymph nodes for cancer immunotherapy. These nanovaccines were prepared by (1) producing tandem CpG and shRNA via concurrent rolling circle replication and rolling circle transcription, (2) self-assembling CpG and shRNA into DNA-RNA microflowers, (3) shrinking microflowers into iDR-NCs using PEG-grafted cationic polypeptides, and (4) physically loading neoantigen into iDR-NCs...
November 14, 2017: Nature Communications
Chengbing Wang, San Ling, Jin Yang, Dewei Rao, Zhiguang Guo
Phase transformation between carbon allotropes usually requires high pressures and high temperatures. Thus, the development of low-temperature phase transition approaches between carbon allotropes is highly desired. Herein, novel amorphous carbon nanocapsules are successfully synthesized by pulsed plasma glow discharge. These nanocapsules are comprised of highly strained carbon clusters encapsulated in a fullerene-like carbon matrix, with the formers serving as nucleation sites. These nucleation sites favored the formation of a diamond unit cell driven by the self-nanoscopic local excessive pressure, thereby significantly decreasing the temperature required for its transformation into a diamond nanocrystal...
November 13, 2017: Small
Fernanda C Flores, Wing Sin Chiu, Ruy C R Beck, Cristiane B da Silva, M Begoña Delgado-Charro
This work investigated the impact of formulation including in vitro release profile, repeated dosing, and nail poration on the ex vivo nail delivery performance of antifungal formulations. Chitosan coated and uncoated tioconazole-loaded nanocapsules and a nano-based film-forming vehicle were assessed via in vitro release and in vitro permeation tests using an artificial membrane and human nail clippings, respectively. The later involved single and daily dosing experiments with intact and porated nails. Additional experiments with Nile Red-loaded formulations evaluated the depth of penetration of the fluorescent marker into the nail by laser scanning confocal microscopy...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Abhishek Kumar Dwivedy, Vipin Kumar Singh, Bhanu Prakash, Nawal Kishore Dubey
The study reports efficacy of Illicium verum essential oil (IvEO) against food borne moudls and its nanoencapsulation for enhancing antifungal and antiaflatoxigenic potency. Chemical characterization of the IvEO showed anethole (89.12%) as major compound followed by estragole (4.859%). The IvEO showed broad fungitoxic spectrum against common food borne moulds. It's minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum aflatoxin B1 inhibitory concentration (MAIC) against aflatoxigenic strain Aspergillus flavus LHP-PV-1 were 0...
November 8, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Qian Dong, Xuewei Wang, Xiaoxiao Hu, Langqiu Xiao, Liang Zhang, Lijuan Song, Minglu Xu, Yuxiu Zou, Long Chen, Zhuo Chen, Weihong Tan
Photothermal therapy (PTT) has been extensively developed as an effective approach against cancer. In some cases, however, PTT can trigger inflammatory responses, in turn simulating tumor regeneration and hindering subsequent therapy. We herein developed a therapeutic strategy able to deliver enhanced PTT and simultaneously inhibite PTT-induced inflammatory response. 1-Pyrene methanol was utilize to synthesize anti-inflammatory prodrug pyrene-aspirin (P-aspirin) with cleavable ester bond, and also facilitate loading the prodrug on gold nanorod (AuNR)-encapsulated graphitic nanocapsule (AuNR@G), a photothermal agent, through π-π interaction...
November 10, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
João Guilherme B De Marchi, Denise S Jornada, Fernanda K Silva, Ana L Freitas, Alexandre M Fuentefria, Adriana R Pohlmann, Silvia S Guterres
The use of nanoparticles may be particularly advantageous in treating bacterial infections due to their multiple simultaneous mechanisms of action. Nanoencapsulation is particularly useful for lipophilic drugs. In this scenario, triclosan is considered a good candidate due to its lipophilicity, broad-spectrum activity, and safety. In the present study, we have developed and characterized an antimicrobial suspension of triclosan and α-bisabolol against pathogenic strains that are resistant (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and susceptible (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans) to triclosan...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Mathias Kaiser, Luisa Pohl, Steffi Ketelhut, Lena Kastl, Christian Gorzelanny, Martin Götte, Jürgen Schnekenburger, Francisco M Goycoolea, Björn Kemper
We have developed a drug delivery nanosystem based on chitosan and capsaicin. Both substances have a wide range of biological activities. We investigated the nanosystem's influence on migration and morphology of Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK-C7) epithelial cells in comparison to the capsaicin-free nanoformulation, free capsaicin, and control cells. For minimally-invasive quantification of cell migration, we applied label-free digital holographic microscopy (DHM) and single-cell tracking. Moreover, quantitative DHM phase images were used as novel stain-free assay to quantify the temporal course of global cellular morphology changes in confluent cell layers...
2017: PloS One
Xuan Don Nguyen, Hyeong Jin Jeon, Van Tien Nguyen, Dong Hyeok Park, Tae Heon Lee, Hyun-Jong Paik, June Huh, Jeung Sang Go
This paper presents a fabrication method of hollow polymeric nanocapsules (HPNCs). The HPNCs were examined to reduce light trapping in an organic light emitting diodes (OLED) device by increasing the refractive index contrast. They were continuously fabricated by the sequential process of self-assembly and photo-crosslinking of an amphiphilic block copolymer of SBR-b-PEGMA, poly(styrene-r-butadiene)-b-poly(poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate) in a flow-focusing microfluidic device. After the photo-crosslinking process, the produced HPNCs have a higher resistance to water and organic solvents, which is applicable to the fabrication process of optical devices...
November 3, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Diego Fontana de Andrade, Branko Vukosavljevic, Edilson Valmir Benvenutti, Adriana Raffin Pohlmann, Sílvia Stanisçuaski Guterres, Maike Windbergs, Ruy Carlos Ruver Beck
This study proposes a new approach to produce easily redispersible spray-dried lipid-core nanocapsules (LNC) intended for oral administration, evaluating the influence of the particle number density of the fed sample. The proposed approach to develop redispersible spray-dried LNC formulations intended for oral route is innovative, evidencing the needing of an optimization of the initial particle number density in the liquid suspension of nanocapsules. A mixture of maltodextrin and L-leucine (90:10 w/w) was used as drying adjuvant...
November 2, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
Ahmed O Elzoghby, Sarah A El-Lakany, Maged W Helmy, Marwa M Abu-Serie, Nazik A Elgindy
AIM: Oral administration of exemestane (EXM) and resveratrol (RES) for breast cancer therapy has been limited by their poor solubility and low permeability. METHODS: In this study, these issues were tackled using zein nanocapsules (ZNCs) for oral EXM/RES codelivery combining drug solubilization within oily core and resistance to digestion via hydrophobic protein shell. Furthermore, higher oral stability and sustained release could be enabled by glutaraldehyde crosslinking of zein shell...
November 2, 2017: Nanomedicine
Jun Song, Yanlong Wei, J W Hu, Guojun Liu, Zhengzhu Huang, Shudong Lin, Feng Liu, Yangmiao Mo, Yuanyuan Tu, Ming Ou
In this work, pH-responsive porous nanocapsules have been successfully prepared from a ternary graft copolymer, poly(glycidyl methacrylate)-g-[poly(2-cinnamoyloxyethyl methacrylate)-r-poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether)-r-poly(2-diethylaminoethyl methacrylate)] or PGMA-g-(PCEMA-r-MPEG-r-PDEAEMA). The graft copolymers were fabricated by grafting three types of polymer chains onto the backbone polymer via click chemistry. These ternary copolymers underwent self-assembly to form vesicles in a DMF/water solvent mixture...
October 30, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Khoo Miew Leng, Soundararajan Vijayarathna, Subramanion L Jothy, Sreenivasan Sasidharan, Jagat R Kanwar
Lactoferrin has been known to have antimicrobial properties. This research was conducted to investigate the toxicity of Alginate/EUDRAGIT(®) S 100-enclosed chitosan-calcium phosphate-loaded Fe-bLf nanocapsules (NCs) by in vitro and in vivo assays. Brine shrimp lethality assay showed that the LC50 value of NCs was more than 1mg/mL which indicated that NCs was not toxic to Brine shrimp. However, the LC50 values for the positive control potassium dichromate at 24h is 64.15μg/mL, which was demostrated the toxic effect against the brine shrimp...
October 25, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Chen Zhang, Rahul S Patil, Charles L Barnes, Jerry L Atwood
Enhancing hierarchical structural complexities of metal-organic nanocapsules is an effective way of introducing new functions and properties. Herein, we present the synthesis of novel magnesium-seamed C-alkylpyrogallol[4]arene nanocapsules with hierarchical structural complexity via both exterior and endohedral functionalization. The exterior functionalization is realized by using a variety of covalently modified pyrogallol[4]arene ligands, while the endohedral functionalization is achieved via coordination-driven self-assembly...
November 7, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Eduarda Schultze, Julieti Buss, Karine Coradini, Karine Rech Begnini, Silvia S Guterres, Tiago Collares, Ruy Carlos Ruver Beck, Adriana R Pohlmann, Fabiana Kömmling Seixas
Nanostructured drug delivery systems have been extensively studied, mainly for applications in cancer therapy. The advantages of these materials include protection against drug degradation and improvement in both the relative solubility of poorly water soluble drugs as in targeting of therapy, due to the enhanced permeability and retention effect on tumor sites. In this work, we evaluate the antitumor activity of tretinoin-loaded lipid core nanocapsules (TT-LNC) in a tretinoin-resistant breast cancer cell-line, MDA-MB- 231, as well as the synergistic effect of combination of this treatment with 5-FU or DOXO...
October 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Carine C Drewes, Aline de Cs Alves, Cristina B Hebeda, Isabela Copetti, Silvana Sandri, Mayara K Uchiyama, Koiti Araki, Silvia S Guterres, Adriana R Pohlmann, Sandra H Farsky
Metastatic melanoma is an aggressive cancer with increasing incidence and limited therapies in advanced stages. Systemic neutrophilia or abundant neutrophils in the tumor contribute toward its worst prognosis, and the interplay of cancer and the immune system has been shown in tumor development and metastasis. We recently showed the in vivo efficacy of poly(ε-caprolactone) lipid-core nanocapsule (LNC) or LNC loaded with acetyleugenol (AcE-LNC) to treat B16F10-induced melanoma in mice. In this study, we investigated whether LNC or AcE-LNC toxicity could involve modifications on crosstalk of melanoma cells and neutrophils...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Guilherme Picheth, Sophie Houvenagel, Camille Dejean, Olivier Couture, Rilton Alves de Freitas, Laurence Moine, Nicolas Tsapis
Polylactide (PLA) polymers containing five distinct lengths of fluorinated (from C3F7 to C13F27) and non-fluorinated (C6H13) end-groups were successfully synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of d,l-lactide. Fluorination was expected to increase the encapsulation efficiency of perfluorohexane (PFH). 150 nm nanocapsules were obtained and (19)F nuclear magnetic resonance revealed that nanocapsules formulated with fluorinated polymers increased by 2-fold the encapsulation efficiency of PFH compared with non-fluorinated derivatives, without any effect of fluorine chain length...
December 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Bruna Genari, Maria Beatriz Cardoso Ferreira, Liciane Fernandes Medeiros, Joice Soares de Freitas, Stefania Giotti Cioato, Iraci Lucena da Silva Torres, Adriana Raffin Pohlmann, Silvia Stanisçuaski Guterres, Vicente Castelo Branco Leitune, Fabri Cio Mezzomo Collares, Susana Maria Werner Samuel
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of an adhesive resin containing indomethacin-loaded nanocapsules in rat model. DESIGN: Adhesive resin disks with or without indomethacin-loaded nanocapsules were subcutaneously implanted into right hind paw of rats. A week after surgical procedure, 2% formalin solution was intradermally injected into plantar surface of paw. Nociceptive and inflammatory responses were evaluated by formalin test. Paw edema by pletismometer and mechanical hyperalgesia by von Frey test were performed on day 2, day 4, day 6, day 8, day 10 and day 12 after surgery...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
Camila Franco, Michelli Barcelos Antonow, Aline Beckenkamp, Andréia Buffon, Taise Ceolin, Marli Luiza Tebaldi, Gustavo Pozza Silveira, Silvia Stanisçuaski Guterres, Adriana Raffin Pohlmann
The data presented here are related to the research paper entitled "PCL-b-P(MMA-co-DMAEMA)2 new triblock copolymer for novel pH-sensitive nanocapsules intended for drug delivery to tumors" by Franco et al. [1]. Characterization data of PCL-diol, macroinitiator Br-PCL-Br, homopolymers (PMMA and PDMAEMA) and copolymers (batch 1 and batch 2) analyzed by FTIR, SEC and NMR, as well as, characterization of PCL-NS formulation by laser diffraction and DLS analysis, initial nanocapsule formulations and 1C-NC and 2C-NC formulations, including hydrodynamic diameter at different pH media, and DMSO cytotoxicity...
December 2017: Data in Brief
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