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Biki Gupta, Bijay Kumar Poudel, Shobha Regmi, Shiva Pathak, Hima Bindu Ruttala, Milan Gautam, Gyeong Jin An, Jee-Heon Jeong, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
PURPOSE: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. The aim of this study was to design solid lipid core nanocapsules (SLCN) comprising a solid lipid core and a PEGylated polymeric corona for paclitaxel (PTX) and erlotinib (ERL) co-delivery to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and evaluate their physicochemical characteristics and in vitro activity in NCI-H23 cells. METHODS: PTX/ERL-SLCN were prepared by nanoprecipitation and sonication and physicochemically characterized by dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy...
March 13, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Aneesh T Veetil, Maulik S Jani, Yamuna Krishnan
Membrane-initiated steroid signaling (MISS) is a recently discovered aspect of steroidal control over cell function that has proved highly challenging to study due to its rapidity and ultrasensitivity to the steroid trigger [Chow RWY, Handelsman DJ, Ng MKC (2010) Endocrinology 151:2411-2422]. Fundamental aspects underlying MISS, such as receptor binding, kinetics of ion-channel opening, and production of downstream effector molecules remain obscure because a pristine molecular technology that could trigger the release of signaling steroids was not available...
March 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Gunjan Vasant Bonde, Sarita Kumari Yadav, Sheetal Chauhan, Pooja Mittal, Gufran Ajmal, Sathish Thokala, Brahmeshwar Mishra
Breast cancer stands the second prominent cause of death among women. For its efficient treatment, Lapatinib (LAPA) was developed as a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of receptors, overexpressed by breast cancer cells. Various explored delivery strategies for LAPA indicated its controlled release with enhanced aqueous solubility, improved bioavailability, decreased plasma protein binding, reduced dose and toxicity to the other organs with maximized clinical efficacy, compared to its marketed tablet formulation...
March 9, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Paula Dos Santos Chaves, Luiza Abrahão Frank, Alejandro Germán Frank, Adriana Raffin Pohlmann, Sílvia Stanisçuaski Guterres, Ruy Carlos Ruver Beck
The use of polymers as mucoadhesive materials has been explored in several drug delivery systems. It is well known that the resulting mucoadhesiveness not only depends on the polymers by themselves, but also on the way they are delivered and on the application target. However, little attention has been given to the combined effect of such characteristics. Therefore, the objective of this study is to analyze the mucoadhesion resulting from combined effects of nanocapsules produced with polymers of different ionic properties, Eudragit®RS100, Eudragit®S100, or poly(ε-caprolactone), when they are incorporated into different vehicles (suspension, hydrogel, and powder) and applied on different mucosal surfaces (mucin, porcine vaginal, and buccal mucosa)...
March 2, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
Ze-Jian Li, Chun-Ting Lu, Ren-Fa Lai
To explore the ectopic osteogenesis effect of sequential sustained release application of recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Antigen-extracted xenogeneic cancellous bone coupled with growth factor-loaded chitosan nanocapsules were implanted in rats in intramuscular site in accordance with the following experimental pattern: group A: simultaneous burst release of rhBMP-2 and bFGF; group B: simultaneous sustained release of rhBMP-2 and bFGF; group C: preferential burst release of rhBMP-2, then sustained release of bFGF; group D: preferential burst release of bFGF, then sustained release of rhBMP-2; group E: sustained release of rhBMP-2 alone; group F: sustained release of bFGF alone, blank control group G: antigen-extracted xenogeneic cancellous bone graft only; negative control group H: not filled with anything...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Lucia D'Accolti, Agnieszka Gajewska, Magdalena Kierkowicz, Markus Martincic, Angelo Nacci, Stefania Sandoval, Belén Ballesteros, Gerard Tobias, Tatiana Da Ros, Caterina Fusco
Methyl(trifluoromethyl)dioxirane (TFDO) can be used for the oxyfunctionalization of SWCNTs filled with NaI and LuCl₃ under mild conditions. The chosen metal halides are of interest for theranostics, both for imaging and therapy when in their radioactive form. The applied functionalization methodology does not require metal catalyst, preserves the integrity of the nanotubes during treatment, avoiding the release of the filling material. In this way, epoxidation can be considered as an efficient methodology for the functionalization of carbon nanocapsules, where the traditional harsh oxidation conditions by acids are not applicable...
February 28, 2018: Nanomaterials
Yue Hui, David Wibowo, Yun Liu, Rui Ran, Hao-Fei Wang, Arjun Seth, Anton P J Middelberg, Chun-Xia Zhao
The physicochemical properties of nanoparticles (size, charge, and surface chemistry, etc.) influence their biological functions often in complex and poorly understood ways. This complexity is compounded when the nanostructures involved have variable mechanical properties. Here, we report the synthesis of liquid-filled silica nanocapsules (SNCs, ∼ 150 nm) having a wide range of stiffness (with Young's moduli ranging from 704 kPa to 9.7 GPa). We demonstrate a complex trade-off between nanoparticle stiffness and the efficiencies of both immune evasion and passive/active tumor targeting...
March 2, 2018: ACS Nano
F Galisteo-González, J A Molina-Bolívar, S A Navarro, H Boulaiz, A Aguilera-Garrido, A Ramírez, J A Marchal
Liquid lipid nanocapsules (LLN) represent a promising new generation of drug-delivery systems. They can carry hydrophobic drugs in their oily core, but the composition and structure of the surrounding protective shell determine their capacity to survive in the circulatory system and to achieve their goal: penetrate tumor cells. Here, we present a study of LLN covered by the protein human serum albumin (HSA) and loaded with curcumin as a hydrophobic model drug. A cross-linking procedure was performed to further strengthen the protective protein layer...
February 13, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Yue Zhang, Kewei Ren, Xiaobo Zhang, Zhicong Chao, Yuqin Yang, Deju Ye, Zhihui Dai, Ying Liu, Huangxian Ju
RNA interference (RNAi) has become an appealing therapeutic approach for cancer and other diseases. One key challenge is the effective protection of these small fragile biomolecules against complicated physiological environments as well as efficient on-demand release. Here we design a photo-tearable polymer tape close-wrapped nanocapsule for efficient NIR modulated siRNA delivery. The photo-tearable nanocapsules comprise core-shell upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) coated with mesoporous silica layer for loading of photosensitizer hypocrellin A (HA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) against polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), and covalently bound thin membranes of polyethylene glycol (PEG) via a synthesized photocleavable linker (PhL)...
February 9, 2018: Biomaterials
Fengzhang Wang, Yijie Yang, Xingrong Ju, Chibuike C Udenigwe, Rong He
Curcumin is a polyphenol that exhibits several biological activities, but its low aqueous solubility results in low bioavailability. To improve curcumin bioavailability, this study has focused on developing polyelectrolyte complexation method to form layer-by-layer assembled nanoparticles, for curcumin delivery, with positively charged chitosan (CS) and negatively charged acylated cruciferin (ACRU), a rapeseed globulin. Nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared from ACRU and CS (2:1) at pH 5.7. Three samples with weight of 5%, 10% and 15% of curcumin, respectively, in ACRU/CS carrier were prepared...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Nathalie Ferreira Silva de Melo, Estefânia Vangelie Ramos Campos, Michelle Franz-Montan, Eneida de Paula, Camila Morais Gonçalves da Silva, Cíntia Rodrigues Maruyama, Tatiane Pasquoto Stigliani, Renata de Lima, Daniele Ribeiro de Araújo, Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto
This work describes the development of poly-ε-caprolactone nanocapsules (PCL-NC) and solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) aiming delivery for articaine (ATC), in order to improve its chemical stability in semi-solid preparations looking forward their use for skin delivery. The nanoparticles were characterized by size, polydispersity index, and pH. Cellular viability was evaluated using the MTT test and the in vitro release kinetics was determined using a two-compartment model. The hydrogels with nanoparticle suspensions were characterized considering their rheological aspects and in vitro permeation across artificial membranes...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Feng Zhang, Tian-Yu Liu, Gui-Hua Hou, Rong-Feng Guan, Jun-Hao Zhang
The fast development of solid-liquid phase change materials calls for nanomaterials with large specific surface area for rapid heat transfer and encapsulation of phase change materials to prevent potential leakage. Here we report a combined miniemulsion/emulsion polymerization method to prepare poly(styrene-co-acrylic acid)-encapsulated paraffin (paraffin@P(St-co-AA)) nanocapsules. The method could suppress the shortcomings of common miniemulsion polymerization (such as evaporation of monomer and decomposition of initiator during ultrasonication)...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Qiangying Yi, Jin Ma, Ke Kang, Zhongwei Gu
Introduction: Increasing demands in precise control over delivery and functionalization of therapeutic agents for tumor-specific chemotherapy have led to a rapid development in nanocarriers. Herein, we report a nanocapsule (NC) system for tumor-oriented drug delivery and effective tumor therapy. Materials and methods: Functionalized hyaluronan is utilized to build up the NC shells, in which bioreduction cleavable sites, targeting ligand folic acid (FA), and zwitterionic tentacles are integrated...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Qian Liu, Ming Xu, Tianshe Yang, Bo Tian, Xinglin Zhang, Fuyou Li
Triplet-triplet annihilation based upconversion (TTA-UC) imaging boasts a low-excitation irradiance and an uncanny lack of auto-fluorescence interference. Owing to these promising features, this approach has been the subject of intensifying investigation. Despite the ideal features, the classical approach of TTA-UC imaging suffers from some crucial drawbacks. A major deficiency of the system lies within its poor photo-stability, especially for NIR excitation system. Here we report a reduction strategy to improve the TTA-UC photostability...
February 9, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ruma Rani, Shakti Dahiya, Dinesh Dhingra, Neeraj Dilbaghi, Ki-Hyun Kim, Sandeep Kumar
Thymoquinone is abioactive constituent of Nigella sativa seeds. It has been reported to possess antihyperglycemic effect in rats. However, the effect of nanoformulation (NF) of thymoquinone has not been reported in literature. So, the present study was designed with the aim to investigate the effect of nanoformulation of thymoquinone in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type-2 diabetic rats and compare its effect with pure bioactive compound as well as metformin, a standard antidiabetic drug. It is the first study reporting the use of thymoquinone NF against diabetes...
February 5, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Ana Sánchez-Iglesias, Nathalie Claes, Diego M Solís, José M Taboada, Sara Bals, Marek Grzelczak, Luis M Liz-Marzan
A limiting factor of solvent-induced self-assembly of nanoparticles is the need for constant sample dilution in assembly/disassembly cycles. Changes in nanoparticle concentration alter the kinetics of the subsequent assembly process, limiting optical signal recovery. Here we show that by confining hydrophobic nanoparticles in permeable silica nanocapsules, the number of nanoparticles participating in cyclic aggregation remains constant despite bulk changes in the solution, leading to highly reproducible plasmon band shifts at different solvent compositions...
February 8, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
E O Omwenga, A Hensel, A Shitandi, F M Goycoolea
Phytochemicals have been found to be promising alternatives to conventional antibiotic therapies for the control of bacterial infections, as they may entail less selective pressure and hence reduce the development of resistance. This study involved examining the inhibition of biofilm formation and of quorum sensing (QS), and the cytotoxicity on mammalian cells of two flavonoids, quercetin and baicalein, in free form and associated into chitosan-based nanocapsules. This was done by use of a transformed E. coli Top 10 biosensor strain, while the cytotoxicity was evaluated on MDCK-C7 cells...
January 31, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Marcel Henrique Marcondes Sari, Vanessa Angonesi Zborowski, Luana Mota Ferreira, Natália da Silva Jardim, Paulo Cesar Oliveira Araujo, César Augusto Brüning, Letícia Cruz, Cristina Wayne Nogueira
Neuropathic pain is a public health problem and its treatment is a global challenge. The organoselenium compound p,p'-methoxyl-diphenyl diselenide [(OMePhSe)2] has a potential antinociceptive action and its incorporation into nanocapsules improves this action. The current study evaluated if (OMePhSe)2 administration, free or incorporated into nanocapsules, reduces the chronic pain-like behavior induced by the partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL) surgery, a neuropathic pain mouse model. It was also investigated the (OMePhSe)2 restorative effect against the increase in inflammatory and apoptotic protein contents at the central nervous system caused by PSNL to mice...
March 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Bruna Genari, Vicente Castelo Branco Leitune, Denise Soledade Jornada, Bibiana Rocha Aldrigui, Adriana Raffin Pohlmann, Sílvia Stanisçuaski Guterres, Susana Maria Werner Samuel, Fabrício Mezzomo Collares
This study aimed to evaluate the in situ degree of conversion, contact angle, and immediate and long-term bond strengths of a commercial primer and an experimental adhesive containing indomethacin- and triclosan-loaded nanocapsules (NCs). The indomethacin- and triclosan-loaded NCs, which promote anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects through controlled release, were incorporated into the primer at a concentration of 2% and in the adhesive at concentrations of 1, 2, 5, and 10%. The in situ degree of conversion (DC, n=3) was evaluated by micro-Raman spectroscopy...
February 1, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Melanie Tavares, Márcio Robert Mattos da Silva, Luciana Betzler de Oliveira de Siqueira, Raphaela Aparecida Schuenck Rodrigues, Lolita Bodjolle-d'Almeira, Elisabete Pereira Dos Santos, Eduardo Ricci-Junior
The use of natural and synthetic repellents, marketed in different pharmaceutical forms, is growing in the world due to the emerging vector-borne viral diseases as Dengue, Zika, Chikungunya, Yellow Fever and Malaria. The choice of the ideal formulation will depend on a series of factors to be analyzed: type of repellent active (natural or synthetic), pharmaceutical forms (spray, lotion, cream, gel), action time duration (short or long), environment of exposure and the user (adult, pregnant women, children, newborn)...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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