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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651426/removing-transurethral-catheter-on-postoperative-day-2-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-towards-a-new-standard
#1
Aldo Brassetti, Paolo Emiliozzi, Antonio Cardi, Antonio DE Vico, Antonio Iannello, Aldo Scapellato, Tommaso Riga, Alberto Pansadoro, Gianluca D'Elia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650836/deep-art-neural-model-for-biologically-inspired-episodic-memory-and-its-application-to-task-performance-of-robots
#2
Gyeong-Moon Park, Yong-Ho Yoo, Deok-Hwa Kim, Jong-Hwan Kim
Robots are expected to perform smart services and to undertake various troublesome or difficult tasks in the place of humans. Since these human-scale tasks consist of a temporal sequence of events, robots need episodic memory to store and retrieve the sequences to perform the tasks autonomously in similar situations. As episodic memory, in this paper we propose a novel Deep adaptive resonance theory (ART) neural model and apply it to the task performance of the humanoid robot, Mybot, developed in the Robot Intelligence Technology Laboratory at KAIST...
June 26, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650357/defining-the-role-of-minimally-invasive-proctectomy-for-locally-advanced-rectal-adenocarcinoma
#3
Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Mehraneh D Jafari, John V Gahagan, Colette S Inaba, Christina Y Koh, Steven D Mills, Joseph C Carmichael, Michael J Stamos, Alessio Pigazzi
OBJECTIVE: National examination of open proctectomy (OP), laparoscopic proctectomy (LP), and robotic proctectomy (RP) in pathological outcomes and overall survival (OS). BACKGROUND: Surgical management for rectal adenocarcinoma is evolving towards utilization of LP and RP. However, the oncological impacts of a minimally invasive approach to rectal cancer have yet to be defined. METHODS: Retrospective review of the National Cancer Database identified patients with nonmetastatic locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma from 2010 to 2014, who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiation, surgical resection, and adjuvant therapy...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650267/robotic-assisted-radical-cystectomy-versus-open-radical-cystectomy-for-management-of-bladder-cancer-review-of-literature-and-randomized-trials
#4
Kyrollis Attalla, Marissa Kent, Nikhil Waingankar, Reza Mehrazin
Among the many milestones in the last several decades in the management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer and high-risk nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer including the extension of the standard lymph node dissection and the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, minimally invasive techniques have gained traction as an attractive option for radical cystectomy. Open radical cystectomy is plagued with high rates of perioperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality, and as robotic assistance has demonstrated benefits in other arenas of surgery and urology, the evolution of the approach to radical cystectomy has likewise incorporated robotic assistance...
June 26, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649796/lymph-node-yield-in-right-colectomies-for-cancer-a-comparison-of-open-laparoscopic-and-robotic-approaches
#5
Maria Widmar, Metin Keskin, Paul Strombom, Pedro Beltran, Oliver S Chow, J Joshua Smith, Garrett M Nash, Jinru Shia, David Russell, Julio Garcia-Aguilar
AIM: Studies have demonstrated a relationship between lymph node (LN) yield and survival after colectomy for cancer. The impact of surgical technique on lymph node yield has not been well explored. METHOD: This is a retrospective study of right colectomies (RC) for cancer at a single institution from 2012-2014. Exclusion criteria were previous colectomy, emergent and palliative operations. All data were collected by chart review. Primary outcomes were LN yield and the lymph node to length of surgical specimen (LN-LSS) ratio...
June 26, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649740/human-vs-robots-in-the-discovery-and-crystallization-of-gigantic-polyoxometalates
#6
Lee Cronin, Vasilios Duros, Jonathan Grizou, Weimin Xuan, Zied Hosni, De-Liang Long, Haralampos Miras
The discovery of new gigantic molecules formed by self-assembly using single crystal X-ray crystallography is a challenging endeavor as it combines two contingent events; first is the formation of a new molecule, and second its crystallization. Herein, we constructed a workflow that can be followed manually or by a robot to probe the envelope of both events and employed it in the chemical space of a new polyoxometalate cluster, namely Na6[Mo120Ce6O366H12(H2O)78]·200H2O (1) which has a trigonal-ring type architecture (yield 4...
June 25, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649475/solid-pseudopapillary-tumor-of-the-pancreas-an-unusual-cause-of-abdominal-pain
#7
Talal El Imad, Fady G Haddad, Mayurathan Kesavan, Liliane Deeb, Sherif Andrawes
Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas is a rare tumor that accounts for less than one percent of pancreatic tumors. The diagnosis could be challenging as SPN tend to manifest with nonspecific abdominal symptoms, variable radiological features, and inconsistent morphology. The cellular origin of SPN is unclear and might involve ductal, acinar and endocrine stem cells.  We report a rare case of a 27-year-old female who presented with intermittent abdominal pain for two years, associated with a decrease in appetite...
May 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649379/is-transoral-robotic-surgery-a-safe-and-effective-multilevel-treatment-for-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-obese-patients-following-failure-of-conventional-treatment-s
#8
George Garas, Anthousa Kythreotou, Christos Georgalas, Asit Arora, Bhik Kotecha, Floyd C Holsinger, David G Grant, Neil Tolley
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether TransOral Robotic Surgery (TORS) is a safe and effective multilevel treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) in obese patients following failure of conventional treatment(s). A total of 39 papers were identified using the reported searches of which 5 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, date, journal, study type, population, main outcome measures and results are tabulated...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649213/ethorobotics-a-new-approach-to-human-robot-relationship
#9
REVIEW
Ádám Miklósi, Péter Korondi, Vicente Matellán, Márta Gácsi
Here we aim to lay the theoretical foundations of human-robot relationship drawing upon insights from disciplines that govern relevant human behaviors: ecology and ethology. We show how the paradox of the so called "uncanny valley hypothesis" can be solved by applying the "niche" concept to social robots, and relying on the natural behavior of humans. Instead of striving to build human-like social robots, engineers should construct robots that are able to maximize their performance in their niche (being optimal for some specific functions), and if they are endowed with appropriate form of social competence then humans will eventually interact with them independent of their embodiment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649197/a-minimal-model-describing-hexapedal-interlimb-coordination-the-tegotae-based-approach
#10
Dai Owaki, Masashi Goda, Sakiko Miyazawa, Akio Ishiguro
Insects exhibit adaptive and versatile locomotion despite their minimal neural computing. Such locomotor patterns are generated via coordination between leg movements, i.e., an interlimb coordination, which is largely controlled in a distributed manner by neural circuits located in thoracic ganglia. However, the mechanism responsible for the interlimb coordination still remains elusive. Understanding this mechanism will help us to elucidate the fundamental control principle of animals' agile locomotion and to realize robots with legs that are truly adaptive and could not be developed solely by conventional control theories...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648413/neurovascular-bundle-size-measured-on-3-0-t-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-associated-with-the-recovery-of-erectile-function-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#11
Taekmin Kwon, Chanwoo Lee, Jaeyoon Jung, Choung-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Erectile dysfunction is one of the complications occurring after radical prostatectomy (RP), and recovery of erectile function is quantitatively related to the preservation of the neurovascular bundles (NVB).We evaluated the significance of NVB area on functional outcomes after RP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging was performed on 141 patients who underwent bilateral, nerve-sparing, robot-assisted RP for clinically localized prostate cancer (clinically T2N0M0 on magnetic resonance imaging) and were evaluated at least 12 months after surgery...
June 22, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648055/poly-ethylene-glycol-mediated-collagen-gel-mechanics-regulates-cellular-phenotypes-in-a-microchanneled-matrix
#12
Max H Rich, Min Kyung Lee, William C Ballance, Marni Boppart, Hyunjoon Kong
For the past few decades, efforts have been extensively made to reproduce tissue of interests for various uses including fundamental bioscience studies, clinical treatments, and even soft robotic systems. In these studies, cells are often cultured in micropores introduced in a provisional matrix despite that bulk rigidity may negatively affect cellular differentiation involved in tissue formation. To this end, we hypothesized that suspending cells within a soft fibrous matrix that is encapsulated within the microchannels of a provisional matrix would allow us to mediate effects of the matrix rigidity on cells and, in turn, to increase the cell differentiation level...
June 24, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647793/training-in-robotic-surgery-an-overview
#13
REVIEW
Ashwin N Sridhar, Tim P Briggs, John D Kelly, Senthil Nathan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There has been a rapid and widespread adoption of the robotic surgical system with a lag in the development of a comprehensive training and credentialing framework. A literature search on robotic surgical training techniques and benchmarks was conducted to provide an evidence-based road map for the development of a robotic surgical skills for the novice robotic surgeon. RECENT FINDINGS: A structured training curriculum is suggested incorporating evidence-based training techniques and benchmarks for progress...
August 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647576/robotic-assisted-excision-of-a-urachal-diverticulum
#14
Pamela Frazzini Padilla, Soo Kwon
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a combined robotic assisted laparoscopic technique with concomitant cystoscopy use for excision of a urachal diverticulum, to ensure complete resection of diverticulum and bladder cuff. DESIGN: Step-by-step demonstration and explanation of the procedure using video illustration. IRB/Ethics Committee ruled that approval was not required for this case report, however patient consent was obtained. SETTING: Vesicourachal diverticula account for approximately 3-5% of congenital urachal anomalies...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646936/surgical-flow-disruptions-during-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#15
Christopher J Dru, Jennifer T Anger, Colby P Souders, Catherine Bresee, Matthias Weigl, Elyse Hallett, Ken Catchpole
INTRODUCTION: We sought to apply the principles of human factors research to robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy to understand where training and integration challenges lead to suboptimal and inefficient care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy and bilateral pelvic lymph node dissections over a 20 week period were observed for flow disruptions (FD) - deviations from optimal care that can compromise safety or efficiency. Other variables - physician experience, trainee involvement, robot model (S versus Si), age, body mass index (BMI), and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status - were used to stratify the data and understand the effect of context...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646865/development-of-stereo-endoscope-system-with-its-innovative-master-interface-for-continuous-surgical-operation
#16
Myungjoon Kim, Chiwon Lee, Nhayoung Hong, Yoon Jae Kim, Sungwan Kim
BACKGROUND: Although robotic laparoscopic surgery has various benefits when compared with conventional open surgery and minimally invasive surgery, it also has issues to overcome and one of the issues is the discontinuous surgical flow that occurs whenever control is swapped between the endoscope system and the operating robot arm system. This can lead to problems such as collision between surgical instruments, injury to patients, and increased operation time. To achieve continuous surgical operation, a wireless controllable stereo endoscope system is proposed which enables the simultaneous control of the operating robot arm system and the endoscope system...
June 24, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646321/early-outcomes-of-robotic-assisted-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-obese-patients-a-multi-institutional-retrospective-study
#17
Ramachandra Kolachalam, Eugene Dickens, Lawrence D'Amico, Christopher Richardson, Jorge Rabaza, Reza Gamagami, Anthony Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive inguinal hernia repair (IHR) in general and particularly in obese patients has not been widely adopted, potentially due to the perceived technical challenges and the well-documented learning curve associated with laparoscopic repair. Outcomes in robotic-assisted IHR in obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) patients have not been described and warrant study. METHODS: Seven surgeons conducted a multicenter retrospective chart review of their early robotic-assisted IHR (RHR) cases and compared them with their open IHR (OHR) cases...
June 23, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646320/erratum-to-robotic-versus-laparoscopic-rectal-resection-for-sphincter-saving-surgery-pathological-and-short-term-outcomes-in-a-single-center-analysis-of-130-consecutive-patients
#18
Alain Valverde, Nicolas Goasguen, Olivier Oberlin, Magali Svrcek, Jean-François Fléjou, Alain Sezeur, Henri Mosnier, Rémi Houdart, Renato M Lupinacci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646238/-bladder-neck-sclerosis-following-prostate-surgery-which-therapy-when
#19
REVIEW
J J Rassweiler, H Weiss, A Heinze, M Elmussareh, M Fiedler, A S Goezen
Secondary bladder neck sclerosis represents one of the more frequent complications following endoscopic, open, and other forms of minimally invasive prostate surgery. Therapeutic decisions depend on the type of previous intervention (e.g., radical prostatectomy, TURP, HoLEP, radiotherapy, HIFU) and on associated complications (e.g., incontinence, fistula). Primary treatment in most cases represents an endoscopic bilateral incision. No specific advantages of any type of the applied energy (i.e., mono-/bipolar HF current, cold incision, holmium/thulium YAG laser) could be documented...
June 23, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645986/feasibility-study-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-investigate-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-humanoid-robot-to-improve-the-social-skills-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-kaspar-rct-a-study-protocol
#20
Silvana E Mengoni, Karen Irvine, Deepshikha Thakur, Garry Barton, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Karen Guldberg, Ben Robins, David Wellsted, Shivani Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Interventions using robot-assisted therapy may be beneficial for the social skills development of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are lacking. The present research aims to assess the feasibility of conducting an RCT evaluating the effectiveness of a social skills intervention using Kinesics and Synchronisation in Personal Assistant Robotics (Kaspar) with children with ASD. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Forty children will be recruited...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
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