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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783279/bone-area-histomorphometry
#1
Janna M Andronowski, Christian Crowder
Quantifying the amount of cortical bone loss is one variable used in histological methods of adult age estimation. Measurements of cortical area tend to be subjective and additional information regarding bone loss is not captured considering cancellous bone is disregarded. We describe whether measuring bone area (cancellous + cortical area) rather than cortical area may improve histological age estimation for the sixth rib. Mid-shaft rib cross-sections (n = 114) with a skewed sex distribution were analyzed...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783274/early-seizure-freedom-is-a-prognostic-factor-for-survival-in-patients-with-west-syndrome
#2
E J C Krijgh, C E Catsman-Berrevoets, R F Neuteboom
INTRODUCTION:  West syndrome (WS) is a devastating epileptic encephalopathy with substantial mortality. After a study by Riikonen in 1996, further data on mortality and prognostic factors for survival has been scarce. We aimed to study mortality in patients with WS and identify prognostic factors for survival. METHODS:  We performed a single-center retrospective study in a tertiary referral clinic (Erasmus University Hospital/Sophia Children's Hospital). This study obtained data from deceased patients regarding the age of death and cause of death...
May 21, 2018: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783270/reducing-alarm-fatigue-in-two-neonatal-intensive-care-units-through-a-quality-improvement-collaboration
#3
Kendall R Johnson, James I Hagadorn, David W Sink
OBJECTIVE:  To reduce nonactionable oximeter alarms by 80% without increasing time infants were hypoxemic (oxygen saturation [SpO2 ] ≤ 80%) or hyperoxemic (SpO2  > 95% while on supplemental oxygen). STUDY DESIGN:  In 2015, a multidisciplinary team at Connecticut Children's Medical Center initiated a quality improvement project to reduce nonactionable oximeter alarms in two referral neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Changes made through improvement cycles included reduction of the low oximeter alarm limit for specific populations, increased low alarm delay, development of postmenstrual age-based alarm profiles, and updated bedside visual reminders...
May 21, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783269/adding-paracetamol-to-ibuprofen-for-the-treatment-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-pilot-study
#4
Ori Hochwald, Gur Mainzer, Liron Borenstein-Levin, Huda Jubran, Gil Dinur, Meirav Zucker, Malka Mor, Asaad Khoury, Amir Kugelman
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to compare the closure rate of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) of intravenous ibuprofen + paracetamol (acetaminophen) versus ibuprofen + placebo, in preterm infants of 24 to 316/7 weeks postmenstrual age. STUDY DESIGN:  This is a single-center, double-blind, randomized controlled pilot study. Infants were assigned for treatment with either intravenous ibuprofen + paracetamol ( n  = 12) or ibuprofen + placebo ( n  = 12)...
May 21, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783261/epidemiology-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-ukraine-and-poltava-region
#5
Viacheslav M Zhdan, Grigory А Oksak, Oleh V Radomskyi, Denis I Shaposhnikov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The number of elderly people in society is increasing. Alike in all European countries, ageing population in Ukraine is observed, which affects the structure and dynamics of morbidity and mortality of the population towards the increase of chronic non-communicable diseases, which is the epidemic of the 21st century civilization. In 2010 in Ukraine, the proportion of people over the age of 60 was 20.6% of the total. The prevalence of all diseases among the elderly in 2010 amounted to 283522,8, and among the general population - 186746,4...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783257/burden-of-premature-mortality-caused-by-four-main-non-communicable-diseases-in-ukraine
#6
Natalia O Ryngach, Lyubov Y Vlasyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The scale and socio-economic implications of the non-communicable diseases (NCD) epidemic are growing in Ukraine. The aim: To determine the mode of mortality resulted from main non-communicable diseases in Ukraine, calculate and estimate the number of years of potential life lost (YPLL) due to premature mortality from them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and Methods: The information base of the study was official data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine on the distribution of the deceased by gender, age groups and causes of death in 2016 and World Health Statistics 2016 data...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783251/prevalence-of-risk-factors-of-allergic-diseases-among-children-aged-8-9-years-in-poltava-region-the-results-of-the-first-stage-of-the-research
#7
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Iryna A Holovanova, Olha Y Tkachenko, Mariya O Melnyk, Kateryna V Pocheniuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: According to the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI, 2016), allergy is the most common chronic disease in Europe. The aim: The aim of the investigation is to study the spread of risk factors of allergic reactions in children who are 8-9 years old of Poltava region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The investigation included two stages: the 1st contained interviewing; the 2nd one - additional clinical and lab investigation of children, who require the further diagnosis specification...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783250/-signifuing-resident-of-the-city-poltava-at-the-expense-of-signs-stroke-risk-factors-and-urgent-measures-according-to-medico-social-survey
#8
Anzhelina M Kryvchun, Nataliia V Lytvynenko, Viktoriia A Pinchuk, Galyna Ya Sylenko, Viktoriia M Gladka
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The problem of cerebrovascular diseases and their most severe form - cerebral stroke is one of the most pressing problems in modern medicine due to the high level of lethality, significant disability of patients. The aim: To assess and increase the sign of residents of the city Poltava at the expense of signs of stroke, its risk factors for emergence and emergency measures for stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: During the annual social event dedicated to the World Stroke Day, on October 27, 2017, a survey of 981 people in Poltava city was conducted by volunteer students and staff of the Department of Nervous Diseases with Neurosurgery and Medical Genetics of "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783249/prognosis-of-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-dm-type-2-by-logistic-regression
#9
Alina Urbanovych, Halyna Suslyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) type 2 is an important medical and social problem all around the world. One of the most serious and widespread complications of DM type 2 is a damage to the cardiovascular system. The aim was to study the way of how to predict the IHD development in patients with the newly diagnosed DM type 2 by building a mathematical model with the help of statistical method, in particular, a logistic regression, which allows predicting the occurrence of IHD by the levels of proven biochemical and anthropometric indices...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783248/-features-of-the-course-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-patients-with-excess-body-weight
#10
Mykola A Bychkov, Iryna M Ferents
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Currently, the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is only based on clinical symptoms without clear interpretation and can be interpreted differently, complicating the diagnosis. Therefore, to study features of the prevalence and the course of IBS in patients with excessive body weight / obesity is of particular significance nowadays. The aim of the research is to evaluate the prevalence and the course of IBS in patients with obesity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Observation results for 120 obese persons who underwent in-patient treatment at various hospital departments in Western Ukraine have been analyzed to evaluate the prevalence of IBS...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783246/-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0%C2%BA-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0
#11
Nataliia O Rynhach, Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: This publication focuses on role of physical activity in promoting and protecting health and well-being. Physical activity is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. The public's awareness of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases is an important component of their control. The aim: To estimate the level of knowledge of the working age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors for non-communicable diseases (with an emphasis on lack of physical activity and its consequences) according to qualitative and quantitative sociological research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783245/-epidemiological-features-of-parasitary-invasis-in-women-of-reproductive-age-with-disorders-of-reproductive-health
#12
Valentyna О Sklyarova
OBJECTIVE: The aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze the frequency and structure of parasitic lesion in women with reproductive health disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The immune-enzyme method tested immunoglobulins IgG to ascaris, lamblia, toxocara. Determination of the presence of pinworm eggs (sticky tape and perianal scrape method) and ascarid (methods of K.Cato, F.Fueleborna and E.S.Schulman). RESULTS: Results: In women with complicated obstetric anamnesis, parasitic invasions occurred in (52...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783242/specific-nature-of-changes-in-main-immunohistochemical-parameters-of-neoangiogenesis-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#13
Iryna Ya Voznyak, Оrysya О Syzon, Marianna O Dashko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Psoriasis is a skin disease that is accompanied by systemic inflammation and affects about 1 to 5% of the population worldwide. Taking into consideration the data of scientific investigation, at present psoriasis is explained as genetically determined chronic multi factor polysystemic dermatosis. The aim of our research was to determine morphological peculiarities of skin lesions in patients with common psoriasis, investigation of the levels of expression of immunohistochemical markers of vascularization, depending on psoriasis form and severity of the course of pathological processes...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783241/-assessment-of-the-life-quality-for-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis
#14
Viktor A Ohniev, Pavlo O Trehub
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The relevance of study, assessment and prediction of the life quality of patients with chronic pancreatitis to improve the provision of medical care and rehabilitation is high, since it allows to solve a number of important medical, social and economic problems of society. The aim: The aim: To study, evaluate and develop a model for the quality of life assessment in patients with chronic pancreatitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The primary material was the results of a sociological study of patients with chronic pancreatitis conducted by the authors - 300 questionnaires...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783240/-effect-of-preventive-treatment-on-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Maria S Shorobura
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: cognitive, emotional and psychopathological changes play a significant role in the clinical picture of multiple sclerosis and influence the effectiveness of drug therapy, working capacity, quality of life, and the process of rehabilitation of patients with multiple sclerosis. The aim: investigate the changes in cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis, such as information processing speed and working memory of patients before and after treatment with immunomodulating drug...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783236/clinical-aspects-of-gastropathy-development-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Anna V Chetaikina, Helen Ye Sklyarova, Iryna V Shalko, Roman Ya Dutka
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a one of the main reasons of disability and mortality in the world. The essential attention is dedicated to the combination of COPD and erosive/ulcer defects with the haemorrhage risk factor. The aim was to compare gastric acidity and mucoid secretion in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease of gastropathy development. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 94 patients with gastroduodenal erosive and ulcerous defects combined with COPD were examined...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783235/-statistical-information-about-the-inflammatory-processes-of-the-jaw-facial-part-in-children
#17
Pavlo I Tkachenko, Serhii O Bilokon, Nataliia M Lokhmatova, Vitalina O Dobroskok, Olha B Dolenko, Nataliia M Korotych, Yuliia V Popelo
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The acute and chronic inflammatory processes prevail in the structure of the dental surgical diseases in children. Notably, various forms of lymphadenitis, adenophlegmon and odontogenous osteomyelitis dominate in the specialized surgical units; however, it is not possible to resolve a number of organizational problems without clear understanding of the statistical situation. The aim: The paper is aimed at the analysis of the incidence rate of major nosological forms of the acute suppurative inflammations of the maxillofacial area in children for the prospective planning of arrangements to provide them with high-quality specialized care...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783229/-morphological-characteristics-of-kidneys-connective-tissue-of-mature-fetuses-and-newborns-from-mothers-whose-pregnancy-was-complicated-by-preeclampsia-of-varying-degrees-of-severity
#18
Iryna V Sorokina, Mykhailo S Myroshnychenko, Nataliia V Kapustnyk, Tetyana O Khramova, Oksana V Dehtiarova, Svitlana I Danylchenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The kidneys connective tissue condition in the antenatal period affects the formation of tissues and it changes with the development of various general pathological processes in this organ. The aim of the study was to identify the morphological features of kidneys connective tissue of fetuses and newborns from mothers whose pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia of varying degrees of severity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The material of the study was the tissue of kidneys of mature fetuses and newborns from mothers with physiological pregnancy (28 cases), as well as from mothers whose pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia of varying degrees of severity (78 cases)...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783226/algorithm-of-adenoiditis-treatment-in-adults-depending-on-the-pharyngeal-tonsil-hypertrophy-stage
#19
Yevhen V Smiianov, Vladyslav A Smiianov, Inna A Sniehirova, Olha I Smiianova
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Implementation of the endoscopic technologies while the upper airways diseases gave opportunity to diagnose the adenoid vegetation in adults. The aim: Тo offer effective algorithm of curing adults for adenoiditis, depending on the degree of pharyngeal tonsil hypertrophy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 43 patients aged 18 - 55 with hypertrophy of pharyngeal tonsil were examined. Depending on the degree of hypertrophy three clinical groups of patients was created: the first one receiving only conservative treatment, the second one receiving conservative therapy and radiowaveradiation coagulation with the apparatus "SURGITRON" and the third one receiving the endoscopic shave adenotomy...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783223/-rational-nutrition-as-a-prerequisite-for-eliminating-the-risk-of-overweight-public-opinion-and-practice
#20
Natalia O Ryngach, Marina B Scherbinina, Tatiana M Shevchenko, Victoria M Gladun, Volodymyr I Sarychev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The awareness of the working-age population regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors of diseases is analyzed. Aim: To identify and characterize the level of awareness of the working-age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors (with a focus on irrational nutrition and its consequences). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In the sociological study (2017), on request of Dnipropetrovsk regional state administration, methods of deep (N20) and personalized formal interviews (N2000) were used according to a specially developed methodology of qualitative and quantitative research stages and data collection tools...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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