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dysphagia intensive care nursing

Karen L Johnson, Lauri Speirs, Anne Mitchell, Heather Przybyl, Diane Anderson, Brenda Manos, Amy T Schaenzer, Keri Winchester
BACKGROUND: Patients who receive prolonged endotracheal intubation (> 48 hours) are at risk for dysphagia. Nurses should conduct swallowing assessments after extubation because of the high likelihood of aspiration pneumonia developing. No valid and reliable postextubation dysphagia screening tools are available. OBJECTIVES: To establish content validity, analyze interrater reliability, and determine sensitivity and specificity of an evidence-based postextubation dysphagia screening tool developed by a multidisciplinary team...
March 2018: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
Kay Choong See, Si Yu Peng, Jason Phua, Chew Lai Sum, Johncy Concepcion
BACKGROUND: Swallowing difficulties are common, and dysphagia occurs frequently in intensive care unit (ICU) patients after extubation. Yet, no guidelines on postextubation swallowing assessment exist. We aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of nurse-performed screening (NPS) for postextubation dysphagia in the medical ICU. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of mechanically ventilated patients who were extubated in a 20-bed medical ICU...
October 12, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
M Pohl, M Bertram
BACKGROUND: Early neurological and neurosurgical rehabilitation (ENNR) as a complex post-acute form of treatment for patients with severe neurological diseases and continued need for intensive care is well established in Germany. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of ENNR from the perspective of evidence-based medicine as well as to present data on the outcome of ENNR patients including the analysis of prognostic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search was carried out in PubMed databases to identify early rehabilitation treatment forms evaluated by randomized controlled trials and with respect to large multicenter surveys of outcome and prognostic factors...
October 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Marie Ooi, Andrew Thomson
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Endoscopist-Directed Nurse-Administered Propofol Sedation (EDNAPS) has been evaluated in community settings rather than tertiary referral centers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A hospital-wide prospectively collected database of Medical Emergency Team Calls (METCALL), emergency responses triggered by medically unstable patients, was reviewed. Responses that followed EDNAPS were extracted and compared with a prospectively entered database of all endoscopies performed using EDNAPS over the same period...
October 2015: Endoscopy International Open
Emir Festic, Jose Soto Soto, Lisa A Pitre, Marilu Leveton, Danielle M Ramsey, William D Freeman, Michael G Heckman, Augustine S Lee
BACKGROUND: There is a need for improved clinical identification of hospitalized patients at risk of aspiration. We evaluated our novel phonetic test in a broad spectrum of patients at risk of aspiration in the ICU or intermediate care unit. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 60 hospitalized patients with aspiration risk, between December 2009 and September 2011, who subsequently underwent audio-recorded three-component phonetic bedside evaluation. The recordings were scored by two blinded speech-language pathologists...
March 2016: Chest
Julian Bösel
Patients with severe ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke may require tracheostomy in the course of their disease. This may apply to stroke unit patients whose deficits include a severe dysphagia posing such risk of aspiration as it cannot be sufficiently counteracted by tube feeding and swallowing therapy alone. More often, however, tracheostomy is performed in stroke patients so severely afflicted that they require intensive care unit treatment and mechanical ventilation. In these, long-term ventilation and prolonged insufficient airway protection are the main indications for tracheostomy...
January 2014: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
S Suntrup, A Meisel, R Dziewas, F Ende, H Reichmann, P Heuschmann, G W Ickenstein
BACKGROUND: Due to malnutrition and aspiration pneumonia dysphagia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in acute stroke patients. Early detection of patients at risk of dysphagia leading to timely treatment improves the outcome. METHODS: A survey concerning the current state of dysphagia diagnostics and therapy was carried out among certified stoke units in Germany. RESULTS: Of the 163 invited hospitals 51% participated in the study...
December 2012: Der Nervenarzt
Hideaki Takahata, Keisuke Tsutsumi, Hiroshi Baba, Izumi Nagata, Masahiro Yonekura
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of dysphagia, but little is known about when and how dysphagic patients should be fed and treated after an acute stroke. The purpose of this study is to establish the feasibility, risks and clinical outcomes of early intensive oral care and a new speech and language therapist/nurse led structured policy for oral feeding in patients with an acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: A total of 219 patients with spontaneous ICH who were admitted to our institution from 2004 to 2007 were retrospectively analyzed...
2011: BMC Neurology
Paul Drinka
Two aspiration syndromes have been identified: Aspiration pneumonia is infectious caused by micro-aspiration of oral bacteria secondary to neurogenic dysphagia or sedation. Infectious bacteria may also be aspirated from the stomach. Aspiration pneumonitis classically follows large bolus aspiration of food, acid, or digestive enzymes and is initially noninfectious. Large bolus gastric aspiration events may have an acute/dramatic onset. This article discusses (1) prevention of recurrent aspiration events caused by 2 common motility disorders: neurogenic dysphagia and gastro esophageal reflux; (2) mechanical source control (debridement/drainage) of sites that may harbor large collections of bacteria protected from antibiotics in biofilm including dental plaque, coated tongue, and chronic sinusitis...
January 2010: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Sally Batty
BACKGROUND: It is not uncommon for patients requiring a period of time in the intensive care unit (ICU) to experience difficulties with communication and/or swallowing, either as a result of their illness or as a result of the treatments they receive. These difficulties can be both short term and long term and require timely and appropriate intervention in order to improve the patient's experience and expedite recovery/rehabilitation. AIMS: The purpose of this article is to provide critical care nurses with an update on aspects of communication, swallowing and feeding in the ICU...
July 2009: Nursing in Critical Care
Laura Davison Mangilli, Fernanda Chiarion Sassi, Sigrid De Sousa Dos Santos, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
Tetanus still remains a significant health problem in developing countries; it is a serious disease with a high mortality rate. The purpose of this study was to characterize the oral sensorimotor function for feeding in patients with tetanus. Thirteen patients clinically diagnosed with tetanus and admitted to an intensive care unit between December of 2005 and May of 2007 underwent a screening tool for dysphagia, involving the assessment of clinical features and 2 swallowing tests. Results indicate that the oral sensorimotor function for feeding in these patients is severely compromised, with the exception for the clinical feature of palate elevation and performance in the saliva swallowing test...
September 2009: Acta Tropica
Christina A Baumgartner, Emily Bewyer, Diane Bruner
Patients in adult, pediatric, and neonatal intensive care settings often require the services of a speech-language pathologist. It is common practice to consult a speech pathologist to determine whether a patient is ready to initiate oral intake or help a patient with an artificial airway communicate. Assessments for dysphagia are initially clinical and conducted at bedside. Results from the clinical evaluation help determine if and when an instrumental examination should be completed. Patients who are tracheostomized, or had been, and those who were intubated for a prolonged period are at risk for aspiration...
October 2008: AACN Advanced Critical Care
Martha Wilson Jones, Elaine Morgan, Jean E Shelton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2002: Neonatal Network: NN
R Suñer, Z Mascort
A retrospective study was made of 35 periods of hospital admission between January 1985 and September 1995, of 17 patients diagnosed in the Hospital Josep Trueta, Girona, as having myasthenia gravis. These were all the patients diagnosed as having myasthenia gravis in this ten year period. We studied the characteristics of their stay in hospital and evaluated the planning and practice of nursing care during these 35 periods. Nursing problems or diagnostic difficulties were found on 15 occasions, probably due to lack of knowledge of myasthenia gravis...
February 1997: Revista de Neurologia
K O Sun, Y W Chan, R T Cheung, P C So, Y L Yu, P C Li
Eighteen patients with generalized tetanus seen during an 8-year period in three regional hospitals in Hong Kong are reviewed. Eighty-nine per cent of the patients were intravenous heroin addicts who developed a severe type of generalized tetanus with autonomic dysfunction. Pain or stiffness of the neck or back was the commonest presenting symptom, followed by trismus and dysphagia. Most of the patients developed muscle spasms within 24 h of the onset of presenting symptoms. Early ventilatory support and tracheostomy, together with intensive nursing care, were the mainstay of the treatment...
March 1994: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
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