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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912978/tap-water-iontophoresis-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-hyperhidrosis
#1
Haitham Dagash, Sinead McCaffrey, Katie Mellor, Agnes Roycroft, Ingrid Helbling
AIM OF THE STUDY: The treatment options for localized hyperhidrosis include antiperspirants, anticholinergics, iontophoresis, botulinum toxin and surgery. Tap water iontophoresis (TWI) involves immersing the affected area in tap water and passing a small electrical current through the area. Our aim was to assess the success of this therapy in a pediatric cohort. METHODS: Retrospective case note review of all patients younger than 18years who underwent TWI between 2002 and 2015...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911959/barriers-to-timely-and-safe-blood-transfusion-for-pph-patients-evidence-from-a-qualitative-study-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#2
Sadika Akhter, Iqbal Anwar, Rashida Akter, Feroza Akhter Kumkum, Monjura Khatun Nisha, Fatema Ashraf, Ferdousi Islam, Nazneen Begum, Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury, Anne Austin, Syed Shariful Islam, Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In Bangladesh, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality accounting for 31% of all blood transfusions in the country. Although safe blood transfusion is one of the 8 signal functions of Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care (CEmOC) strategy, most of the designated public sector CEmOC facilities do not have on-site blood storage system. Emergent blood is mainly available from external blood banks. As a result, emergent patients are to rely on an unregulated network of brokers for blood which may raise question about blood safety...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879680/stereoselective-alkane-oxidation-with-meta-chloroperoxybenzoic-acid-mcpba-catalyzed-by-organometallic-cobalt-complexes
#3
Georgiy B Shul'pin, Dmitriy A Loginov, Lidia S Shul'pina, Nikolay S Ikonnikov, Vladislav O Idrisov, Mikhail M Vinogradov, Sergey N Osipov, Yulia V Nelyubina, Polina M Tyubaeva
Cobalt pi-complexes, previously described in the literature and specially synthesized and characterized in this work, were used as catalysts in homogeneous oxidation of organic compounds with peroxides. These complexes contain pi-butadienyl and pi-cyclopentadienyl ligands: [(tetramethylcyclobutadiene)(benzene)cobalt] hexafluorophosphate, [(C₄Me₄)Co(C₆H₆)]PF₆ (1); diiodo(carbonyl)(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)cobalt, Cp*Co(CO)I₂ (2); diiodo(carbonyl)(cyclopentadienyl)cobalt, CpCo(CO)I₂ (3); (tetramethylcyclobutadiene)(dicarbonyl)(iodo)cobalt, (C₄Me₄)Co(CO)₂I (4); [(tetramethylcyclobutadiene)(acetonitrile)(2,2'-bipyridyl)cobalt] hexafluorophosphate, [(C₄Me₄)Co(bipy)(MeCN)]PF₆ (5); bis[dicarbonyl(B-cyclohexylborole)]cobalt, [(C₄H₄BCy)Co(CO)₂]₂ (6); [(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)(iodo)(1,10-phenanthroline)cobalt] hexafluorophosphate, [Cp*Co(phen)I]PF₆ (7); diiodo(cyclopentadienyl)cobalt, [CpCoI₂]₂ (8); [(cyclopentadienyl)(iodo)(2,2'-bipyridyl)cobalt] hexafluorophosphate, [CpCo(bipy)I]PF₆ (9); and [(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)(iodo)(2,2'-bipyridyl)cobalt] hexafluorophosphate, [Cp*Co(bipy)I]PF₆ (10)...
November 22, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879189/gemcitabine-induced-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-treated-with-eculizumab-or-plasmapheresis-two-case-reports%C3%A2
#4
María Esperanza López Rubio, Raquel Rodado Martínez, María Luisa Illescas, Encarnación Mateo Bosch, Mercedes Martínez Díaz, Lourdes de la Vara Inesta, Basilio Cabezuelo, María Elisa Morales Albuja, Eladio Lucas Guillén, Luisa Jimeno García
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) has shown good response to eculizumab (ECU). We present 2 cases of patients with gemcitabine-induced HUS (GEM-HUS), one of whom was treated with ECU and the other with conventional treatment. Patient 1: A 74-year-old male with resected adenocarcinoma of the pancreas started adjuvant treatment with GEM, but after 5 months GEM was discontinued due to acute kidney injury and severe hypertension. Laboratory analyses identified microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MHA) and thrombocytopenia...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876888/bph32-a-novel-gene-encoding-an-unknown-scr-domain-containing-protein-confers-resistance-against-the-brown-planthopper-in-rice
#5
Juansheng Ren, Fangyuan Gao, Xianting Wu, Xianjun Lu, Lihua Zeng, Jianqun Lv, Xiangwen Su, Hong Luo, Guangjun Ren
An urgent need exists to identify more brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål, BPH) resistance genes, which will allow the development of rice varieties with resistance to BPH to counteract the increased incidence of this pest species. Here, using bioinformatics and DNA sequencing approaches, we identified a novel BPH resistance gene, LOC_Os06g03240 (MSU LOCUS ID), from the rice variety Ptb33 in the interval between the markers RM19291 and RM8072 on the short arm of chromosome 6, where a gene for resistance to BPH was mapped by Jirapong Jairin et al...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863088/the-relationship-of-hba1c-fasting-and-postprandial-hyperglycemia-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-malaysia
#6
Lee Ling Lim, Alan Jm Brnabic, Siew Pheng Chan, Luqman Ibrahim, Sharmila Sunita Paramasivam, Jeyakantha Ratnasingam, Shireene Ratna Vethakkan, Alexander Tong Boon Tan
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Studies on the relative contributions of fasting and postprandial hyperglycemia (FH and PPH) to HbA1c in type 2 diabetes (T2D) subjects have yielded inconsistent results. We aimed to assess the relationship by using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in a multi-ethnic cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 T2D adults were assessed with 6-day CGM and HbA1c . Area under the curve (AUC) ≥5.6 mmol/L was defined as AUCTOTAL . AUC ≥ each pre-prandial glucose for 4 hours was defined as AUCPPH ...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861517/geometry-of-the-proximal-phalanx-of-hallux-and-first-metatarsal-bone-to-predict-hallux-abducto-valgus-a-radiological-study
#7
Eduardo Perez Boal, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Miguel Fuentes Rodriguez, Daniel Lopez Lopez, Marta Elena Losa Iglesias
BACKGROUND: Hallux abducto valgus (HAV) is one of the most common forefoot deformities in adulthood with a variable prevalence but has been reported as high as 48%. The study proposed that HAV development involves a skeletal parameter of the first metatarsal bone and proximal phalanx hallux (PPH) to determine if the length measurements of the metatarsal and PPH can be used to infer adult HAV. METHODS: All consecutive patients over 21 years of age with HAV by roentgenographic evaluation were included in a cross-sectional study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855529/uterine-packing-versus-foley-s-catheter-for-the-treatment-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-secondary-to-bleeding-tendency-in-low-resource-setting-a-four-year-observational-study
#8
Mohamed Rezk, Said Saleh, Hamid Ellakwa, Abdelhamid Shaheen, Tamer Fakhry
OBJECTIVE: to assess the effectiveness and safety of uterine packing versus Foley's catheter tamponade for controlling postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) secondary to bleeding tendency after vaginal delivery. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted on 92 patients with primary PPH due to bleeding tendency following vaginal delivery who were unresponsive to uterotonics and bimanual compression of the uterus. Patients were divided into two groups, Uterine packing group (n = 45) and Foley catheter group (n = 47)...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846290/altered-effective-connectivity-of-the-primary-motor-cortex-in-stroke-a-resting-state-fmri-study-with-granger-causality-analysis
#9
Zhiyong Zhao, Xiangmin Wang, Mingxia Fan, Dazhi Yin, Limin Sun, Jie Jia, Chaozheng Tang, Xiaohui Zheng, Yuwei Jiang, Jie Wu, Jiayu Gong
The primary motor cortex (M1) is often abnormally recruited in stroke patients with motor disabilities. However, little is known about the alterations in the causal connectivity of M1 following stroke. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the effective connectivity of the ipsilesional M1 is disturbed in stroke patients who show different outcomes in hand motor function. 23 patients with left-hemisphere subcortical stroke were selected and divided into two subgroups: partially paralyzed hands (PPH) and completely paralyzed hands (CPH)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843354/postpartum-hemorrhage-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-a-low-resource-setting
#10
Solwayo Ngwenya
BACKGROUND: Primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is defined as blood loss from the genital tract of 500 mL or more following a normal vaginal delivery (NVD) or 1,000 mL or more following a cesarean section within 24 hours of birth. PPH contributes significantly to maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Women can rapidly hemorrhage and die soon after giving birth. It can be a devastating outcome to many young families. Women giving birth in low-resource settings are at a higher risk of death than their counterparts in resource-rich environments...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836091/initial-management-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-cohort-study-in-benin-and-mali
#11
Julie Tort, Mamadou Traoré, Benjamin Hounkpatin, Cécile Bodin, Patrick Rozenberg, Alexandre Dumont
OBJECTIVE: To determine the components of initial management associated with a decreased risk of severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in Benin and Mali. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted between May 2013 and September 2014 that included all women who delivered vaginally in seven participating centers and who presented excessive bleeding after birth. Severe PPH was defined as PPH that required surgical treatment (vascular ligature and/or hysterectomy), and/or blood transfusion, and/or transfer to an intensive care unit, and/or an outcome of maternal death...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825028/peripartum-hysterectomy-incidence-risk-factors-and-clinical-characteristics-in-ireland
#12
Sarah M Campbell, Paul Corcoran, Edel Manning, Richard A Greene
BACKGROUND: The incidence of peripartum hysterectomy (PH) shows fifty-fold variation worldwide (0.2-10.5/1000 deliveries) and risk factors include advancing maternal age and parity, previous caesarean section (CS) and abnormal placentation. OBJECTIVES: In this first national study of PH in Ireland, our objectives were threefold: to describe the national trend in PH incidence over 15 years since 1999; to assess risk of PH associated with morbidly adherent placenta (MAP), placenta praevia and postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) during 2005-2013; and to describe the causes, interventions and outcomes of PH cases during 2011-2013...
October 27, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823918/the-association-between-intrauterine-balloon-tamponade-duration-and-postpartum-hemorrhage-outcomes
#13
Brett D Einerson, Moeun Son, Patrick Schneider, Ian Fields, Emily S Miller
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine balloon tamponade is an effective treatment for postpartum hemorrhage when first-line treatments fail. The optimal duration of intrauterine balloon tamponade for management of postpartum hemorrhage is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether intrauterine balloon tamponade removal >12 hours of duration is associated with postpartum hemorrhage-related clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of women with postpartum hemorrhage from 2007 through 2014 who underwent intrauterine balloon tamponade...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819032/rituximab-in-combination-with-bortezomib-plasmapheresis-and-high-dose-ivig-to-treat-antibody-mediated-renal-allograft-rejection
#14
Johannes Waiser, Michael Duerr, Constanze Schönemann, Birgit Rudolph, Kaiyin Wu, Fabian Halleck, Klemens Budde, Nils Lachmann
BACKGROUND: Current treatment strategies for antibody-mediated renal allograft rejection (AMR) are not sufficiently effective. In most centers, "standard of care" treatment includes plasmapheresis (PPH) and IVIG preparations. Since several years, modern therapeutics targeting B cells and plasma cells have become available. We investigated, whether combined administration of rituximab and bortezomib in addition to PPH and high-dose IVIG is useful. METHODS: Between November 2011 and January 2013, we treated 10 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven AMR with rituximab (500 mg), bortezomib (4× 1...
August 2016: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812783/transcatheter-arterial-embolization-for-primary-postpartum-hemorrhage-predictive-factors-of-need-for-embolic-material-conversion-of-gelatin-sponge-particles-to-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate
#15
Yukichi Tanahashi, Satoshi Goshima, Hiroshi Kondo, Tomohiro Ando, Yoshifumi Noda, Hiroshi Kawada, Nobuyuki Kawai, Junichi Kotoku, Shigeru Furui, Masayuki Matsuo
PURPOSE: To identify predictive factors for embolic material conversion to N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for the treatment of primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) after failed transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) using gelatin sponge (GS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained. We retrospectively studied 62 consecutive women with primary PPH who underwent TAE between January 2006 and March 2015. Five of them were excluded for the following: cardiopulmonary arrest at arrival (n = 1), uterine inversion (n = 1), and hysterectomy after TAE (n = 3)...
November 3, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801539/does-a-more-extensive-mucosal-excision-prevent-haemorrhoidal-recurrence-after-stapled-haemorrhoidopexy-long-term-outcome-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Donato F Altomare, Giuseppe Pecorella, Guido Tegon, Fabrizio Aquilino, Damiano Pennisi, Michele De Fazio
AIM: The study aimed in a multicentric randomised controlled trial to define the role of a more extensive mucosal resection on recurrence of mucosal prolapse in patients with stage III haemorrhoids undergoing stapled haemorrhoidopexy . METHOD: 135 patients were randomised to treatment with PPH01/03 or an EEA stapler. They were reviewed after a minimum follow-up of four years to determine the rate of recurrent mucosal prolapse, and general condition (Wellness evaluation score)...
November 1, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790522/the-effect-of-oxygen-inhalation-plus-oxytocin-compared-with-oxytocin-only-on-postpartum-haemorrhage-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Zainab Suhrabi, Hamid Taghinejad, Ashraf Direkvand-Moghadam, Malihe Akbari
INTRODUCTION: Post Partum Haemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality across the world, mainly in the developing countries. AIM: The present study was conducted with the aim to investigate effect of oxygen inhalation plus oxytocin compared with oxytocin only on PPH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a clinical trial which was performed in Shahid Mustafa Khomieni Teaching Hospital of Ilam (western Iran) from April 2012 to Nov 2013...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785900/can-coagulopathy-in-post-partum-hemorrhage-predict-maternal-morbidity
#18
Kyung Joon Oh, Joon-Seok Hong, Jina Youm, Soo-Hyun Cho, Eun Young Jung
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical implications of coagulopathy in women with post-partum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 262 consecutive women referred for management of PPH at a single tertiary hospital between 2009 and 2012. We reviewed medical records, including vital signs at arrival, laboratory values (hemoglobin, prothrombin time international normalized ratio [PT-INR], platelet, fibrinogen), and total amount of transfused blood product...
November 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781401/intrauterine-balloon-tamponade-for-management-of-severe-postpartum-haemorrhage-in-a-perinatal-network-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
M Revert, J Cottenet, P Raynal, E Cibot, C Quantin, P Rozenberg
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of intrauterine balloon tamponade (IUBT) for management of severe postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). To identify the factors predicting IUBT failure. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Ten maternity units in a perinatal network. POPULATION: Women treated by IUBT from July 2010 to March 2013. METHODS: The global IUBT success rate was expressed as the number of women with severe PPH who were successfully treated by IUBT divided by the total number treated by IUBT...
October 25, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780267/postpartum-hemorrhage-in-women-with-von-willebrand-disease-a-retrospective-observational-study
#20
Igor Govorov, Signe Löfgren, Roza Chaireti, Margareta Holmström, Katarina Bremme, Miriam Mints
INTRODUCTION: von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a hereditary bleeding disorder, caused by a deficiency in the levels and/or function of von Willebrand factor (VWF). Women with VWD appear to be at increased risk of experiencing postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), though the levels of VWF increase during pregnancy. There is limited knowledge of how PPH is associated with the subtype of VWD, plasma levels of other coagulations factors than VWF and given hemostatic treatment. AIMS: The aims were to investigate the incidence of PPH in women with VWD and to analyse the correlation between PPH and: (1) type of VWD, (2) laboratory monitoring of VWF and FVIII and (3) hemostatic drug treatment...
2016: PloS One
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