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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934136/the-application-of-functionalized-pillared-porous-phosphate-heterostructures-for-the-removal-of-textile-dyes-from-wastewater
#1
José Jiménez-Jiménez, Manuel Algarra, Vanessa Guimarães, Iuliu Bobos, Enrique Rodríguez-Castellón
A synthesized functionalized pillared porous phosphate heterostructure (PPH), surface functionalized phenyl group, has been used to remove the dye Acid Blue 113 from wastewater. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy XPS and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to study its structure. The specific surface area of this was 498 m²/g. The adsorption capacities of PPH and phenyl surface functionalized (Φ-PPH) were 0.0400 and 0.0967 mmol/g, respectively, with a dye concentration of 10(-5) M when well fitted with SIPS and Langmuir isotherms respectively (pH 6...
September 21, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934089/postpartum-hemorrhage-with-transfusion-trends-near-misses-risk-factors-and-management-at-the-scale-of-a-perinatal-network
#2
M Marocchini, J Lauféron, C Quantin, P Sagot
OBJECTIVES: To analyze temporal trends and management of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) with transfusion and its related maternal near-miss (MNM) cases between 2006 and 2014 and to study risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study from two prospective databases included 156,047 women giving birth in all the maternity hospitals of Burgundy. We analyzed temporal trends and the distribution of PPH with transfusion, the circumstances of transfer of patients between hospitals and factors associated with PPH with transfusion...
May 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926729/guidelines-and-recommendations-for-mri-in-breast-cancer-follow-up-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Eduard A van Bodegraven, Jeroen C van Raaij, Mireille Van Goethem, Wiebren A A Tjalma
OBJECTIVE: Present article will perform a review regarding the current recommendations of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in routine follow-up after successfully treated breast cancer by surgery, radiation and/or systemic therapy. METHODS: For this review, a literature review search was done with the MeSH-terms: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, breast neoplasm, post-operative period and follow-up, according to PRISMA. The literature published between 2006 and 2016 in MedBase, PubMed and Embase was consulted...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919596/outcome-of-pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-observed-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#4
S U Ahammed, A A Chowdhury, A S Roy, M A Muqueet, M A Rahman, M S Kabir, M G Rabbani, M Asadujjaman, M B Hossain, M Akhtaruzzaman, S K Das, E H Khan, M A Islam, M J Hasan, M A Rahman, R K Talukder, J Ara, G C Barman, P P Roy, M K Saha, D Mondal
This prospective case control study was carried out in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH) from April 2011 to March 2012. The main objective of the study was to determine the short term maternal outcome of pregnancy related Acute Kidney Injury and to identify aetiological factors and to observe clinical features of pregnancy related Acute Kidney Injury. Total 60 pregnant women with AKI were included in the study as sample and equal (60) number of pregnant women with normal renal function was taken as control...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918703/a-randomized-multicenter-clinical-trial-of-rph-with-the-simplified-milligan-morgan-hemorrhoidectomy-in-the-treatment-of-mixed-hemorrhoids
#5
Yong-Heng He, Zhi-Jun Tang, Xiang-Tong Xu, De-Quan Huang, Li-Shun Zhang, Qing-Zhu Tang, Zhi-Min Fan, Xian-Jun Zou, Guo-Jun Zou, Chong-Yang Zhang, Fan Hu, Biao Xie, Yan-Hua Li, Yao Tong, Hong-Chang Liu, Ke Li, Yu-Lian Luo, Fei Liu, Guang-Wei Situ, Zuo-Long Liu
PURPOSE: To explore the safety and efficacy of Ruiyun procedure for hemorrhoids (RPH) or RPH with the simplified Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy (sMMH) in the treatment of mixed hemorrhoids. METHODS: This is a randomized, controlled, balanced, multicenter study of 3000 patients with mixed hemorrhoids. The outcomes and postoperative complications were compared between 5 types of surgeries. RESULTS: The efficacy rate was the highest in patients who received RPH+sMMH and decreased in the following order: patients who received RPH alone, MMH alone, procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids (PPH) alone, and PPH+sMMH ( P < ...
September 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916194/induction-of-cytochrome-p450-mrna-in-porcine-primary-hepatocytes-cultured-under-serum-free-conditions-comparison-of-freshly-isolated-cells-and-cryopreserved
#6
Martin Krøyer Rasmussen
Primary hepatocytes are widely used in the study of dynamic events like regulation of gene expression, as they are superior to most cell-lines. However, the culturing of the hepatocytes often results in loss of phenotype, e.g. the expression of the cytochrome p450s (CYP). The present study investigated the impact of serum in the culture medium of porcine primary hepatocytes (PPH) on markers of dedifferentiation as well as the impact on CYP induction. The effects were studied in both freshly isolated primary hepatocytes as well as cryopreserved...
September 12, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904655/assessment-of-potentially-preventable-hospitalizations-in-the-regional-hospital-of-saint-louis-senegal
#7
Abdoul Aziz Ndiaye, Mouhameth Bakhoum, Alioune Badara Tall, Ndeye Fatou Ngom-Gueye, Mohamed Sidy Seck, Boubacar Gueye, Awa Diop-Ba, Awa Gaye, Gallo Papa Sow, Lamine Gueye, Anta Tal-Dia
INTRODUCTION: The "potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPH)'' are hospital admissions that could have been avoided through effective primary care given at the appropriate time. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), causes of PPH, are the leading cause of death worldwide with significant socioeconomic consequences especially in developing countries. This study aimed to assess the burden of potentially preventable hospitalizations in the St. Louis regional hospital. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898688/improving-non-technical-skills-teamwork-in-post-partum-haemorrhage-a-grouped-randomised-trial
#8
Pippa M Letchworth, Shane P Duffy, Dan Phillips
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a decision support technology on teamwork and associated non-technical (NTS) and technical skills when teams manage post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) in the simulated environment. METHODS: Multidisciplinary (MDT) maternity teams were taught how to manage post partum haemorrhage. They were randomised to the intervention: using a decision support mobile digital platform or a control group. Each team managed a post-partum simulation, which was recorded and reviewed by assessors...
August 26, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894766/potentially-preventable-hospitalizations-and-the-burden-of-healthcare-associated-infections
#9
Andrea L Lorden, Luohua Jiang, Tiffany A Radcliff, Kathleen A Kelly, Robert L Ohsfeldt
BACKGROUND: An estimated 4% of hospital admissions acquired healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and accounted for $9.8 (USD) billion in direct cost during 2011. In 2010, nearly 140 000 of the 3.5 million potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPHs) may have acquired an HAI. There is a knowledge gap regarding the co-occurrence of these events. AIMS: To estimate the period occurrences and likelihood of acquiring an HAI for the PPH population. METHODS: Retrospective, cross-sectional study using logistic regression analysis of 2011 Texas Inpatient Discharge Public Use Data File including 2...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893211/clinical-performance-and-patient-outcome-after-simulation-based-training-in-prevention-and-management-of-postpartum-haemorrhage-an-educational-intervention-study-in-a-low-resource-setting
#10
Ellen Nelissen, Hege Ersdal, Estomih Mduma, Bjørg Evjen-Olsen, Jos Twisk, Jacqueline Broerse, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal mortality. Prevention and adequate treatment are therefore important. However, most births in low-resource settings are not attended by skilled providers, and knowledge and skills of healthcare workers that are available are low. Simulation-based training effectively improves knowledge and simulated skills, but the effectiveness of training on clinical behaviour and patient outcome is not yet fully understood. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of obstetric simulation-based training on the incidence of PPH and clinical performance of basic delivery skills and management of PPH...
September 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889193/are-obstetric-outcomes-affected-by-female-genital-mutilation
#11
Aswini A Balachandran, Swapna Duvalla, Abdul H Sultan, Ranee Thakar
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Female genital mutilation (FGM) has been associated with adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes, such as postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), perineal trauma, genital fistulae, obstructed labour and stillbirth. The prevalence of FGM has increased in the UK over the last decade. There are currently no studies available that have explored the obstetric impact of FGM in the UK. The aim of our study was to investigate the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of women with FGM when compared with the general population...
September 9, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885783/uterine-balloon-tamponade-for-the-management-of-postpartum-haemorrhage-a-challenge-and-an-opportunity-for-better-evidence
#12
O A Viteri, B M Sibai
Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide.The most common cause of PPH is uterine atony (80%) of cases, resulting from suboptimal uterine involution and poor contraction of spiral arteries following placental separation. The goal of therapy is timely intervention to prevent haemorrhagic hypovolemic shock, intravascular disseminated coagulopathy, reduced tissue perfusion, and metabolic acidosis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881415/uterine-massage-as-part-of-active-management-of-the-third-stage-of-labor-for-preventing-postpartum-hemorrhage-during-vaginal-delivery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#13
Gabriele Saccone, Claudia Caissutti, Andrea Ciardulli, Hany Abdel-Aleem, Justus Hofmeyr, Vincenzo Berghella
The first cause of maternal death worldwide is postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), responsible for an estimated 127,000 deaths annually. Failure of the uterus to contract adequately after childbirth is the most common cause of PPH. In the absence of timely and appropriate action, a woman could die within a few hours. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 7, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876650/pph-where-did-it-go-wrong
#14
D Surridge
BACKGROUND: The stapled haemorrhoidopexy has been used for 20 years. A rare but serious complication is stenosis, occurring in 1-2% of cases. The mechanism for this stenosis has never been described. METHOD: The cadavers of five pigs previously euthanised underwent the procedure for prolapse and haemorrhoids (PPH). Four deliberate mistakes were tested: 1) doubling the circular suture back on itself for part of the circumference at the same depth; 2) placing the circular suture at varying depths; 3) placing one bite of the suture deeper and on the opposite wall of the rectum; and 4) firing the stapler with the anvil positioned proximal to the circular suture but with the suture secured tightly to the shaft of the device...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874123/impact-of-multi-professional-scenario-based-training-on-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-tanzania-a-quasi-experimental-pre-vs-post-intervention-study
#15
Signe Egenberg, Gileard Masenga, Lars Edvin Bru, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Cecilia Mushi, Deodatus Massay, Pål Øian
BACKGROUND: Tanzania has a relatively high maternal mortality ratio of 410 per 100,000 live births. Severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal deaths, but in most cases, it is preventable. However, most pregnant women that develop PPH, have no known risk factors. Therefore, preventive measures must be offered to all pregnant women. This study investigated the effects of multi-professional, scenario-based training on the prevention and management of PPH at a Tanzanian zonal consultant hospital...
September 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872717/role-of-the-bridging-group-in-bis-pyridyl-ligands-enhancing-both-photo-and-electro-luminescent-features-of-cationic-ipr-cu-i-complexes
#16
Margaux Elie, Michael D Weber, Florent Di Meo, Fabien Sguerra, Jean-François Lohier, Robert B Pansu, Jean-Luc Renaud, Matthieu Hamel, Mathieu Linares, Rubén D Costa, Sylvain Gaillard
We report on the benefits of changing the bridging group X of bis-pyridyl ligands - i.e., Py-X-Py where X is NH, CH2, C(CH3)2 and PPh - on the photo- and electro-luminescent properties of a new family of luminescent cationic NHC copper(I) complexes (NHC : N-Heterocyclic Carbene). A joint experimental and theoretical study demonstrates that the bridging group rules the molecular conformation from a planar-like structure (X is NH and CH2) to a boat-like structure (X is C(CH3)2 and PPh), leading to i) 4-fold enhancement of the photoluminescence quantum yield (φem) without affecting the thermally activated delayed fluorescence mechanism, and ii) one order of magnitude reduction of the ionic conductivity (σ) of thin films...
September 5, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864699/uterine-balloon-tamponade-as-an-adjunct-to-misoprostol-for-the-treatment-of-uncontrolled-postpartum-haemorrhage-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-benin-and-mali
#17
Alexandre Dumont, Cécile Bodin, Benjamin Hounkpatin, Thomas Popowski, Mamadou Traoré, René Perrin, Patrick Rozenberg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of low-cost uterine tamponade as an adjunct to misoprostol for the treatment of uncontrolled postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in low-resource settings. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Seven healthcare facilities in Cotonou, Benin and Bamako, Mali. POPULATION: Women delivering vaginally who had clinically diagnosed PPH that was suspected to be due to uterine atony, who were unresponsive to oxytocin and who needed additional uterotonics...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857124/accuracy-of-postpartum-haemorrhage-data-in-the-2011-victorian-perinatal-data-collection-results-of-a-validation-study
#18
Margaret Flood, Wendy Pollock, Susan J McDonald, Mary-Ann Davey
BACKGROUND: The postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) rate in Victoria in 2009 for women having their first birth, based on information reported to the Victorian Perinatal Data Collection (VPDC), was 23.6% (primiparas). Prior to 2009 PPH was collected via a tick box item on the perinatal form. Estimated blood loss (EBL) volume is now collected and it is from this item the PPH rate is calculated. Periodic assessment of data accuracy is essential to inform clinicians and others who rely on these data of their quality and limitations...
August 31, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855774/studying-the-variability-in-patient-inflow-and-staffing-trends-on-sundays-versus-other-days-in-the-academic-emergency-department
#19
K T Madavan Nambiar, Nisanth Menon Nedungalaparambil, Ottapura Prabhakaran Aslesh
BACKGROUND: Resource limitation, staff deficiency, and variability in patient inflow contribute to emergency department (ED) overcrowding, associated with delayed care, poor care, and poor patient outcomes. This study seeks to describe and analyze patient inflow variability and staffing trends on Sundays versus other days in a tertiary academic ED from South India. METHODS: Patient inflow and staffing data for 2 years were collected from hospital records, cross-checked, and statistically analyzed using Epi Info 7...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855269/roles-of-increased-glycemic-variability-glp-1-and-glucagon-in-hypoglycaemia-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#20
George Tharakan, Preeshila Behary, Nicolai Jacob Wewer Albrechtsen, Harvinder Chahal, Julia Kenkre, Alexander D Miras, Ahmed R Ahmed, Jens Juul Holst, Steve R Bloom, Tricia Mei Mei Tan
Objective Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) surgery is currently the most effective treatment for diabetes and obesity. An increasingly recognized complication of RYGB surgery is postprandial hypoglycemia (PPH). The pathophysiology of PPH remains unclear with multiple mechanisms suggested including nesidioblastosis, altered insulin clearance and increased glucagon-like-1 peptide (GLP-1) secretion. Whilst many PPH patients respond to dietary modification, some have severely disabling symptoms. Multiple treatments have been trialled ranging from acarbose, to both GLP-1 agonists and antagonists, even to reversal of RYGB...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
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