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Military pre hospital

Sten-Ove Andersson, Lars Lundberg, Anders Jonsson, Pia Tingström, Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren
The aim of this study was to identify physicians' and nurses' perceptions of military pre-hospital emergency care before and after an international mission. A qualitative empirical study with a phenomenographic approach was used. The results after pre-deployment training can be categorised as (1) learning about military medicine and (2) taking care of the casualty. The results after an international mission can be categorised as (1) collaborating with others, (2) providing general health care and (3) improving competence in military medicine...
February 19, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
Robert J Stone, R Guest, P Mahoney, D Lamb, C Gibson
The UK Defence Medical Service's Pre-Hospital Emergency Care (PHEC) capability includes rapid-deployment Medical Emergency Response Teams (MERTs) comprising tri-service trauma consultants, paramedics and specialised nurses, all of whom are qualified to administer emergency care under extreme conditions to improve the survival prospects of combat casualties. The pre-deployment training of MERT personnel is designed to foster individual knowledge, skills and abilities in PHEC and in small team performance and cohesion in 'mission-specific' contexts...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Femke Noorman, Thijs T C F van Dongen, Marie-Christine J Plat, John F Badloe, John R Hess, Rigo Hoencamp
INTRODUCTION: The Netherlands Armed Forces use -80°C frozen red blood cells (RBCs), plasma and platelets combined with regular liquid stored RBCs, for the treatment of (military) casualties in Medical Treatment Facilities abroad. Our objective was to assess and compare the use of -80°C frozen blood products in combination with the different transfusion protocols and their effect on the outcome of trauma casualties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hemovigilance and combat casualties data from Afghanistan 2006-2010 for 272 (military) trauma casualties with or without massive transfusions (MT: ≥6 RBC/24hr, N = 82 and non-MT: 1-5 RBC/24hr, N = 190) were analyzed retrospectively...
2016: PloS One
Nusrat Nazir, Akbar Waheed, Kulsoom Farhat, Muhammad Ismail, Qaisar Mansoor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of cytochrome P2D6*10 in breast cancer patients. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Nuclear Medicine, Oncology and Radiotherapy Institute, Islamabad, and the Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, and comprised medical records of breast cancer patients from January 2000 to September 2013. Pre- and post-menopausal women with diagnosed breast cancer who were advised 20mg/day of tamoxifen as adjuvant therapy were included...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
S Y Qi, D M Wang, H B Yu, C Ding, F L Tian, L S Ru, J Li, B Zhang, Y L Han
Objective: To analyze long-term mortality and patients characteristics of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) for patients with chronic heart failure. Methods: In-patients with chronic heart failure who received CRT in the three medical centers(Bethune International Peace Hospital, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Command of Chinese People's Liberation Army, and 251 Hospital of People's Liberation Army)from March 2001 to June 2013 were included.Mortality and related causes, echocardiographic parameters were analyzed...
November 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Muhammad Suhail Amin, Muhammad Khurram Habib, Ammar Khalid
This prospective interventional study was planned to determine the clinical and radiological outcome of percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation for unstable pelvic ring injuries. It was conducted from March 2008 to June 2014 at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) at Lahore, Multan, Rawalpindi and Muzaffarabad. It comprised 50 patients with unstable pelvic ring injuries. Visual analogue scale (VAS), Majeed pelvic score and Lindahl criteria were used for functional and radiological outcomes assessment...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Erkan Kahraman, Yakup Cil, Armagan Incesulu
BACKGROUND: The efficiency of nasal surgeries can be determined by objective or subjective methods. We have assessed the effect of nasal obstruction after different nasal surgeries using Acoustic Rhinometry (AR) and Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) Scale. METHODS: Between May 2011 and May 2012, 40 young adult patients and 10 healthy volunteers as control group who referred to Otorhinolaryngology Clinic in Eskisehir Military Hospital due to nasal obstruction were enrolled...
September 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Katarzyna Malec, Pawel Cenda, Pawel Brzewski, Krzysztof Kuchta, Pawel Dobosz, Maciej Modrzejewski
Paragangliomas of the head and neck region are rare and predominantly asymptomatic tumors. These neoplasms arise from widely distributed paraganglionic cells, which originate from both mesodermal elements of third branchial arch and the neural crest residues. Despite the rare occurrence of paragangliomas, problems encountered in their diagnosis, unclear malignancy and treatment ensure that they still remain in the focus of head and neck surgeons. This is a retrospective study of the medical records of patients treated in the ENT Department of the 5th Military Hospital in Krakow during the period 2010-2014...
January 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
A Q Alarhayem, J G Myers, D Dent, L Liao, M Muir, D Mueller, S Nicholson, R Cestero, M C Johnson, R Stewart, Grant O'Keefe, B J Eastridge
INTRODUCTION: The concept of the "Golden Hour" has been a time-honored tenet of prehospital trauma care, despite a paucity of data to substantiate its validity. Non-compressible torso hemorrhage has been demonstrated to be a significant cause of mortality in both military and civilian settings. We sought to characterize the impact of prehospital time and torso injury severity on survival. Furthermore, we hypothesized that time would be a significant determinant of mortality in patients with higher Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) grades of torso injury (AIS ≥ 4) and field hypotension (prehospital SBP ≤ 110 mmHg) as these injuries are commonly associated with hemorrhage...
December 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Sharon Edwards, Jason Smith
Trauma is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, in civilian environments and on the battlefield. Trauma-induced haemorrhage is the principal cause of potentially preventable death, which is generally attributable to a combination of vascular injury and coagulopathy. Survival rates following severe traumatic injury have increased due to advanced trauma management initiatives and treatment protocols, influenced by lessons learned from recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. The use of tourniquets and intraosseous needles, early blood and blood product transfusion, administration of tranexamic acid in pre-hospital settings, and consultant-led damage control resuscitation incorporating damage control surgery have all played their part...
October 6, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
Stéphanie Vincent Lyk-Jensen, Cecilie Dohlmann Weatherall, Peter Winning Jepsen
Public concern about soldiers' mental health has increased over the last decade. Yet the large literature on the mental health problems of returning soldiers relies primarily on self-reported measures that may suffer from non-response bias, usually refers to older conflicts, and focuses mainly on specific diagnoses such as PTSD. Another challenge is that the differences between soldiers and non-soldiers are not necessarily causal, instead possibly reflecting an underlying propensity towards active military service...
December 2016: Economics and Human Biology
B Hari Krishnan, Yogesh Sharma, Girish Magdum
BACKGROUND: Unstable posterior pelvic and sacroiliac joint injuries are challenging fractures mostly managed conservatively in our military hospitals till date. We carried out a retrospective analysis of early fixation of these fractures at our hospital and compared it with the existing literature as regards its safety and efficacy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients admitted and managed by internal fixation for unstable posterior pelvic fractures was carried out for evaluation of its efficacy and safety...
July 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
M P Bahr, M H Yazer, D J Triulzi, R A Collins
The concept of whole blood (WB) as a treatment modality for trauma patients requiring transfusion therapy is not new. Successfully employed in the early 20 century, WB was the product of choice for military trauma resuscitation until the advent of component therapy changed the landscape of transfusion medicine. However, the recognition of the success of WB in the military operational setting has provided some enthusiasm to explore its revival as a cold-stored option in the civilian trauma resuscitation sector...
June 29, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
R Karrouri
INTRODUCTION: Self-mutilating behaviour is expanding, especially among adolescents and patients with a psychiatric disorder. CLINICAL MATERIAL: We have tried to describe the self-mutilating behaviour in Moroccan inpatients of the psychiatric department of Mohammed V Military Hospital of Rabat, through a prospective and descriptive longitudinal study over a period of four months, based on a questionnaire prepared according to the literature data to allow discussing its results...
June 24, 2016: L'Encéphale
Magdalena Baymakova, Benjamin Sakem, Kamen Plochev, Georgi T Popov, Raynichka Mihaylova-Garnizova, Valentina Kovaleva, Todor Kundurdjiev
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis E is one of the leading clinical manifestations of acute viral hepatitis in developing countries. In industrialized countries, during the past several years, sporadic "autochthonous" cases of HEV infection have been increased. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory features of HEV infection among patients hospitalized at the Department of Infectious Diseases in Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria...
January 2016: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Jennifer Leonard, John Zietlow, David Morris, Kathleen Berns, Steven Eyer, Kurt Martinson, Donald Jenkins, Scott Zietlow
BACKGROUND: Life-threatening hemorrhage is a leading cause of preventable mortality in trauma patients. Since publication of the Hartford Consensus statement, there has been intense interest in civilian use of commercial hemostatic gauze and tourniquets. Although the military has studied their use on soldiers with wartime injuries, there are limited data on patient outcomes following civilian prehospital use and no data on the use in rural trauma. METHODS: We performed a multi-institutional retrospective analysis of clinical outcomes following prehospital use of QuikClot combat gauze (QC) and combat application tourniquets (CATs) from 2009 to 2014...
September 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Krista L Harrison, Jackelyn Y Boyden, Virginia B Kalish, J Cameron Muir, Suzanne Richardson, Stephen R Connor
BACKGROUND: An estimated 6,000 to 18,000 additional hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) physicians are needed in the United States. A source could be the military graduate medical education system where 15% of U.S. medical residents are trained. A community-based hospice and palliative care organization created a one-week rotation for military residents including participation in interdisciplinary group visits at patients' homes, facilities, and an inpatient hospice unit. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to evaluate the effectiveness of a one-week community HPM rotation for military medical residents...
May 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Zahid Hussain, Abdul Ghaffar, Shahzad Ahmed Qasmi, Junaid Mushtaq
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of insertion of ventriculo-peritoneal shunts in paediatric neglected hydrocephalus. METHODS: The quasi-experimental study was conducted at the Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from January 2012 to June 2014, and comprised infants of both genders who presented late with congenital hydrocephalus, having fronto-occipital circumference more than 98 percentile of matched age group. Pre-operative assessment was based upon detailed history, clinical examination, laboratory investigations and computed tomography scan of head...
April 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Muhammad Jamil, Rashid Usman
BACKGROUND: Successful arteriovenous fistula (AVF) significantly reduces both the morbidity as well as mortality of the patients who have end stage renal disease, and significantly improve their survival rate. The objective of the study was to high light the role of various parameters in the functional maturation of arteriovenous fistula (AVF). METHODS: This descriptive analytical study conducted at Department of Vascular Surgery, Combined Military Hospital Lahore from January 2014 to January 2015...
October 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Whitney W Brock, Craig A Cunningham, Debra H Brandon, Valerie Hoehn, Brigit Carter
BACKGROUND: Neonatal intensive care nurses have historically been responsible for preparing enteral feedings--a costly and time-consuming process that may require leaving the bedside. To address these concerns, the Milk Technician Program was implemented at a major military treatment facility. Milk technicians were specially trained and responsible for handling, storing, and preparing enteral feeds. PURPOSE: To determine effectiveness of the Milk Technician Program, changes in length of time required to first attain full feeds, cost of feeding preparation, adherence to feeding preparation procedures, and nurse and milk technician role variables were evaluated...
April 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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