keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

multiple personality disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021839/diffusion-tensor-imaging-for-multilevel-assessment-of-the-visual-pathway-possibilities-for-personalized-outcome-prediction-in-autoimmune-disorders-of-the-central-nervous-system
#1
REVIEW
Joseph Kuchling, Alexander U Brandt, Friedemann Paul, Michael Scheel
The afferent visual pathway represents the most frequently affected white matter pathway in multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can reveal microstructural or non-overt brain tissue damage and quantify pathological processes. DTI facilitates the reconstruction of major white matter fiber tracts allowing for the assessment of structure-function and damage-dysfunction relationships. In this review, we outline DTI studies investigating the afferent visual pathway in idiopathic optic neuritis (ON), NMOSD, and MS...
September 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990318/depression-hurts-depression-costs-the-medical-spending-attributable-to-depression-and-depressive-symptoms-in-china
#2
Chee-Ruey Hsieh, Xuezheng Qin
Due to its fast economic growth and lifestyle changes, China is experiencing a rapid epidemiological transition from communicable to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Mental disorder such as depression is an important yet often neglected NCD and is becoming a growing cause of disability, suicides, and disease burden. This paper provides the first nationally representative estimate of the medical cost attributable to depression and depressive symptoms among the adult population in China. On the basis of the 2012 China Family Panel Studies survey, our results indicate that these mental health conditions have significant impacts on the individual medical expenditure, and they jointly contribute to 14...
October 8, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989706/standard-12-month-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-for-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder-in-a-public-community-mental-health-setting
#3
Daniel Flynn, Mary Kells, Mary Joyce, Paul Corcoran, Conall Gillespie, Catalina Suarez, Mareike Weihrauch, Padraig Cotter
BACKGROUND: Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is noted to be an intervention with a growing body of evidence that demonstrates its efficacy in treating individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Evidence for the effectiveness of DBT in publicly funded community mental health settings is lacking however. No study to our knowledge has been published on the effectiveness of a 12 month standard DBT programme without adaptations for individuals with BPD in a publicly funded community mental health setting and no study has included data across multiple time-points...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987615/improving-the-quality-of-depression-and-pain-care-in-multiple-sclerosis-using-collaborative-care-the-ms-care-trial-protocol
#4
Dawn M Ehde, Kevin N Alschuler, Mark D Sullivan, Ivan P Molton, Marcia A Ciol, Charles H Bombardier, Mary C Curran, Kevin J Gertz, Annette Wundes, Jesse R Fann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based pharmacological and behavioral interventions are often underutilized or inaccessible to persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have chronic pain and/or depression. Collaborative care is an evidence-based patient-centered, integrated, system-level approach to improving the quality and outcomes of depression care. We describe the development of and randomized controlled trial testing a novel intervention, MS Care, which uses a collaborative care model to improve the care of depression and chronic pain in a MS specialty care setting...
October 4, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984613/the-impact-of-family-history-on-the-clinical-features-of-huntington-s-disease
#5
Gabe Kringlen, Lisa Kinsley, Sharon Aufox, Gerald Rouleau, Danny Bega
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder. In most cases the disease is inherited from a parent, although a considerable number of affected persons have no reported family history of the disease. While CAG repeat length is negatively correlated with age of symptom onset, variability exists suggesting that other variables may influence symptom onset. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to determine whether awareness of a family history of HD has an impact on symptom onset and disease manifestations...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Huntington's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984163/epidemiology-of-nmosd-in-catalonia-influence-of-the-new-2015-criteria-in-incidence-and-prevalence-estimates
#6
Maria Sepúlveda, Marta Aldea, Domingo Escudero, Sara Llufriu, Georgina Arrambide, Susana Otero-Romero, J Sastre-Garriga, Lucía Romero-Pinel, Sergio Martínez-Yélamos, N Sola-Valls, Thais Armangué, Javier Sotoca, Antonio Escartín, René Robles-Cedeño, Lluís Ramió-Torrentà, Silvia Presas-Rodríguez, Cristina Ramo-Tello, Elvira Munteis, Raúl Pelayo, Laura Gubieras, Luis Brieva, Nicolau Ortiz, Mariona Hervás, Maria Alba Mañé-Martínez, Antonio Cano, Emili Vela, Mar Tintoré, Yolanda Blanco, Xavier Montalban, Francesc Graus, Albert Saiz
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies on neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are limited, and it is unclear whether the rates have changed with the implementation of the new 2015 criteria. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence and prevalence of NMOSD in Catalonia (Spain), using both the 2006 and the 2015 criteria. METHODS: In this clinic-based retrospective study, patients diagnosed with NMOSD between 2006 and 2015 were identified using multiple sources, including direct contact to all Catalan hospitals, identification of cases through the Catalan Health Surveillance System, and registry of antibodies to aquaporin-4 (AQP4-IgG) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-IgG) in a reference laboratory...
October 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976401/-sexual-life-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#7
Hakan Karpuz
Sexual activity is an important component of patient and partner quality of life for men and women with cardiovascular disease, including many elderly patients. Older adults desire sexual intimacy when there is a partner and a health status that allows sexual relationships. Older individuals desire to love and enjoy sexual activity in relation to personal circumstances, and when health status allows them to experience close relations, most often within marriage especially in our country. Normal changes occur in the phases of sexual cycle with aging, male erectile dysfunction and female sexual dysfunction increase with age...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976054/patterns-of-sport-participation-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disability
#8
Stephanie Ryan, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Jonathan A Weiss
BACKGROUND: Little is known about sport participation in youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The current study examined sport characteristics (frequency, diversity, positive social experiences [PSE]) for youth with ASD and intellectual disability compared to youth with intellectual disability alone and explored the personal and contextual correlates of involvement. METHOD: Parents (N = 409) completed an online survey, and multiple mediation analyses were used to examine the factors that explained the relationships between sport involvement in youth with ASD and intellectual disability...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972123/a-multi-level-functional-study-of-a-snap25-at-risk-variant-for-bipolar-disorder-and-schizophrenia
#9
Josselin Houenou, Jennifer Boisgontier, Annabelle Henrion, Marc-Antoine d'Albis, Anne Dumaine, Julia Linke, Michèle Wessa, Claire Daban, Nora Hamdani, Marine Delavest, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Christophe Lançon, Franck Schürhoff, Andrei Szöke, Philippe Le Corvoisier, Caroline Barau, Cyril Poupon, Bruno Etain, Marion Leboyer, Stéphane Jamain
The synaptosomal associated protein SNAP25 is a key player in synaptic vesicle docking and fusion and has been associated with multiple psychiatric conditions, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. We recently identified a promoter variant in SNAP25, rs6039769, associated with early-onset bipolar disorder and a higher gene expression level in human prefrontal cortex. In the current study, we showed that this variant was associated both in males and females with schizophrenia in two independent cohorts...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971701/high-prevalence-of-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders-among-persons-seeking-treatment-for-hiv-and-other-stis-in-jamaica-a-short-report
#10
Sharlene Beckford Jarrett, Winston De La Haye, Zahra Miller, J Peter Figueroa, Jacqueline Duncan, Kevin Harvey
This cross-sectional study explored the range of psychiatric and substance use disorders and unmet need for mental health care among 84 HIV-positive and 44 HIV-negative public clinic attendees in Jamaica. We used a brief interviewer-administered diagnostic tool, the Client Diagnostic Questionnaire. Two-thirds (65.6%) screened positive for at least one psychiatric disorder; 30.5% screened positive for multiple disorders. The most common disorders were post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (41.4%), alcohol abuse (22...
October 3, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969621/neuroticism-related-personality-traits-are-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-after-abortion-findings-from-a-swedish-multi-center-cohort-study
#11
Inger Wallin Lundell, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Lisa Ekselius, Susanne Georgsson, Örjan Frans, Lotti Helström, Ulf Högberg, Agneta Skoog Svanberg
BACKGROUND: Most women who choose to terminate a pregnancy cope well following an abortion, although some women experience severe psychological distress. The general interpretation in the field is that the most consistent predictor of mental disorders after induced abortion is the mental health issues that women present with prior to the abortion. We have previously demonstrated that few women develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after induced abortion...
October 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968847/multidimensional-neuroanatomical-subtyping-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Seok-Jun Hong, Sofie L Valk, Adriana Di Martino, Michael P Milham, Boris C Bernhardt
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of neurodevelopmental disorders with multiple biological etiologies and highly variable symptoms. Using a novel analytical framework that integrates cortex-wide MRI markers of vertical (i.e., thickness, tissue contrast) and horizontal (i.e., surface area, geodesic distance) cortical organization, we could show that a large multi-centric cohort of individuals with ASD falls into 3 distinctive anatomical subtypes (ASD-I: cortical thickening, increased surface area, tissue blurring; ASD-II: cortical thinning, decreased distance; ASD-III: increased distance)...
September 14, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961462/personality-disorders-community-prevalence-and-socio-demographic-correlates
#13
REVIEW
Nicholas R Eaton, Ashley L Greene
Multiple studies have reported community prevalence rates of personality disorders (PDs), but these studies differed in terms of diagnostic criteria, assessment instruments, communities sampled, and size, producing widely ranging estimates. We take a meta-analytic approach to characterizing PD community prevalence rates by comparing results from two reviews that pooled previous studies. Overall, particular PD rates are low in community samples, but the presence of any PD is relatively high, with approximately one person in seven experiencing personality psychopathology...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953820/study-on-the-prescribing-patterns-of-antipsychotic-medication-in-a-rural-england-community-mental-health-team
#14
Madhavan Seshadri, Ahmed Elsemary, Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya, Lawrence Chikodzore, Priya Nagalingam
INTRODUCTION: Providing comprehensive services for about 400 patients in the South Herefordshire area, the community mental health team manages cases of varying severity and complexity, ranging from Schizophrenia, to neuroses and disorders of adult personality. Antipsychotic medication remains a mainstay of treatment and management for patients under the team case load; hence a need exists for a detailed look into the prescription patterns of such medications. AIM: The aim of this study was to look into the prescribing patterns of antipsychotics for a sample of 50 patients in the South Herefordshire community team during the year of 2016 (from Jan 2016 to Dec 2016), as well as investigate whether these antipsychotics were licensed to be used for the corresponding diagnoses of these patients...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953194/guideline-recommended-vs-high-dose-long-term-opioid-therapy-for-chronic-noncancer-pain-is-associated-with-better-health-outcomes-data-from-representative-sample-of-german-population
#15
Winfried Häuser, Tino Schubert, Norbert Scherbaum, Thomas Tölle
Recent evidence-based guidelines for long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) have defined daily morphine equivalent doses (MEQ/d) that require particular caution. The recommendation for a threshold MEQ/d is based on North American studies that have demonstrated negative health outcomes associated with high-dose LTOT for CNCP. We have conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study using an anonymized German health claims database, including 4.028.618 persons insured by 69 German statutory health insurances, representative of age and gender for the German population in 2014...
September 25, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951146/factors-associated-with-lifetime-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-in-outpatients-with-substance-use-disorders
#16
Laia Rodríguez-Cintas, Constanza Daigre, María Dolores Braquehais, Raúl Felipe Palma-Alvarez, Lara Grau-López, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Lola Rodríguez-Martos, Alfonso Carlos Abad, Carlos Roncero
Risks factors for suicide are multiple and highly prevalent in addicted patients (previous suicide attempts, substance abuse, impulsivity, history of sexual abuse and other factors). The aim of this study is to identify and to compare the clinical and socio-demographic profile of SUD outpatients with lifetime suicidal behavior (previous suicidal ideation and/or suicide attempts) and to analyze the factors related to it. A retrospective cohort study of 696 addicted patients, according to DSM-IV-TR criteria (APA, 2000) were collected from the Addiction Unit of Vall d'Hebron University Hospital...
September 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949308/mental-health-in-domesticated-immigrant-population-a-systematic-review
#17
Boris Ilić, Vesna Švab, Biserka Sedić, Irena Kovačević, Adriano Friganović, Ena Jurić
BACKGROUND: Migration is a process during which a person moves from one cultural setting to another in order to settle for a longer period of time or permanently. The number of immigrants in the world has more than doubled since 1975, with majority of migrants living in Europe today. Migration is now being increasingly recognized as a risk factor for multiple mental-health related issues, such as schizophrenia, psychosis, anxiety disorders and others. AIM: The aim of this study was to collect, systematically review and analyze relevant articles pertaining to the mental health of second-or-higher generations of domesticated immigrant population, as well as to determine common socio-cultural predisposition factors leading to the development of mental illness among the mentioned population...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948805/neuroborreliosis-in-patients-hospitalised-for-lyme-borreliosis-in-the-czech-republic-in-2003-2013
#18
B Kříž, M Malý, M Daniel
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyse and evaluate a cohort of Lyme borreliosis (LB) patients with neuroborreliosis (LNB) hospitalised in the Czech Republic in 2003-2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data analysed in this study were obtained from the National Register of Hospitalised Patients, which is a nationwide population register maintained at the Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic. Data collection from all departments of bed care establishments are regularly processed every year...
2017: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944966/inpatient-management-of-children-with-recessive-dystrophic-epidermolysis-bullosa-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Alvin W Li, Brea Prindaville, Scot T Bateman, Timothy E Gibson, Karen Wiss
Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is a disorder marked by skin and mucosal blistering after minimal trauma. Even the most routine procedures in the hospital, if done incorrectly, can precipitate extensive skin loss, pain, and scarring. Most providers have little experience working with patients with this degree of skin fragility. When a person with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is admitted to the hospital, there are multiple considerations to keep in mind while strategizing an effective care plan: avoidance of new blisters with a "hands-off" approach; careful consideration of all indwelling devices; symptomatic management of pain, itch, and anxiety; coordination of dressing changes; aggressive treatment of skin infections; environmental and staffing considerations; and awareness of other chronic complications that affect care, such as anemia, malnutrition, and chronic pain...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944256/depressive-symptoms-are-frequent-in-atypical-parkinsonian-disorders
#20
Leonardo Almeida, Bilal Ahmed, Roger Walz, Sol De Jesus, Addie Patterson, Daniel Martinez-Ramirez, David Vaillancourt, Dawn Bowers, Herbert Ward, Michael S Okun, Nikolaus R McFarland
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence and prevalence of depressive symptoms in atypical parkinsonian (APD) syndromes versus Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: In a large retrospective patient cohort we analyzed the incidence and prevalence of depressive symptoms using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and evaluated subjects longitudinally on subsequent visits. For individuals who followed in subsequent visits we calculated incidence rates in person-years as a measure of incidence...
March 2017: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
48224
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"