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hybrid sterility

Pooja Bhatnagar-Mathur, Ranadheer Gupta, Palakolanu Sudhakar Reddy, Bommineni Pradeep Reddy, Dumbala Srinivas Reddy, C V Sameerkumar, Rachit Kumar Saxena, Kiran K Sharma
A novel open reading frame (ORF) identified and cloned from the A4 cytoplasm of Cajanus cajanifolius induced partial to complete male sterility when introduced into Arabidopsis and tobacco. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L. Millsp.) is the only legume known to have commercial hybrid seed technology based on cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS). We identified a novel ORF (orf147) from the A4 cytoplasm of C. cajanifolius that was created via rearrangements in the CMS line and co-transcribes with the known and unknown sequences...
April 17, 2018: Plant Molecular Biology
A Dor, P Liedo
The sterile insect technique (SIT) is a key element for the integrated management of pest populations of the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens, in Mexico. Its success depends on the survival of mass-reared sterile males and their ability to mate with wild females. However, colonization and mass-rearing conditions can adversely affect their ability to avoid predators. To test if colony management strategies could contribute to improve field survival abilities of mass-reared flies, we compared the survival of males exposed to the orb-weaver spider Argiope argentata...
April 18, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Anna Pucher, C Tom Hash, Jason G Wallace, Sen Han, Willmar L Leiser, Bettina I G Haussmann
BACKGROUND: Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br., syn. Cenchrus americanus (L.) R. Br) is an important cereal and fodder crop in hot and arid environments. There is great potential to improve pearl millet production through hybrid breeding. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) and the corresponding nuclear fertility restoration / sterility maintenance genes (Rfs) are essential tools for economic hybrid seed production in pearl millet. Mapping the Rf genes of the A4 CMS system in pearl millet would enable more efficient introgression of both dominant male-fertility restoration alleles (Rf) and their recessive male-sterility maintenance counterparts (rf)...
April 17, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Rui Xu, Qi Li, Hong Yu, Lingfeng Kong
Nanos gene plays an important role in germline development in animals. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in germline development in Mollusca, the second largest animal phylum, are still poorly understood. Here we identified the Nanos orthologue from the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas (Cg-Nanos-like), and investigated the expression patterns of Nanos during gametogenesis and embryogenesis in C. gigas. Tissue expression analysis showed that Cg-Nanos-like was specifically expressed in female gonads...
April 13, 2018: Gene
Chuan-Jie Zhang, Min-Jung Yook, Hae-Rim Park, Soo-Hyun Lim, Jin-Won Kim, Jong-Seok Song, Gyoungju Nah, Hae-Ryong Song, Beom-Ho Jo, Kyung Hee Roh, Suhyoung Park, Young-Seok Jang, Ill-Sup Noua, Do-Soon Kim
Pollen-mediated gene flow (PMGF) from genetically modified (GM) Brassica napus to its wild relatives by wind and insects is a major ecological concern in agricultural ecosystems. This study conducted is to estimate maximum potential gene flow and differentiate between wind- and bee-mediated gene flows from herbicide resistant (HR) B. napus to its closely-related male sterile (MS) relatives, B. napus, B. juncea and Raphanus sativus. Various markers, including pods formation in MS plants, herbicide resistance, and SSR markers, were used to identify the hybrids...
April 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Hushuai Nie, Yumei Wang, Ying Su, Jinping Hua
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) lines provide crucial material to harness heterosis for crop plants, which serves as an important strategy for hybrid seed production. However, the molecular mechanism remains obscure. Although microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in vegetative growth and reproductive growth, there are few reports on miRNAs regulating the development of male sterility in Upland cotton. In present study, 12 small RNA libraries were constructed and sequenced for two development stages of flower buds from a CMS line and its maintainer line...
April 7, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Joanna D Bundus, Donglin Wang, Asher D Cutter
Hybrid male sterility often evolves before female sterility or inviability of hybrids, implying that the accumulation of divergence between separated lineages should lead hybrid male sterility to have a more polygenic basis. However, experimental evidence is mixed. Here, we use the nematodes Caenorhabditis remanei and C. latens to characterize the underlying genetic basis of asymmetric hybrid male sterility and hybrid inviability. We demonstrate that hybrid male sterility is consistent with a simple genetic basis, involving a single X-autosome incompatibility...
April 7, 2018: Heredity
Veronica C Soto, Cristian A Caselles, Maria F Silva, Claudio R Galmarini
Onion (Allium cepa L.) is one of the main vegetable crops. Pollinators are required for onion seed production, being honeybees the most used. Around the world, two types of onion varieties are grown: open pollinated (OP) and hybrids. Hybrids offer numerous advantages to growers, but usually have lower seed yields than OP cultivars, which in many cases compromise the success of new hybrids. As pollination is critical for seed set, understanding the role of floral rewards and attractants to pollinator species is the key to improve crop seed yield...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Hiroyuki Yoshikawa, Dongdong Xu, Yasuko Ino, Tasuku Yoshino, Takao Hayashida, Junije Wang, Ryosuke Yazawa, Goro Yoshizaki, Yutaka Takeuchi
Sterility in hybrid animals is widely known to be due to a cytological mechanism of aberrant homologous chromosome pairing during meiosis in hybrid germ cells. In this study, the gametes of four marine fish species belonging to Sciaenid were artificially fertilized, and germ cell development was examined at the cellular and molecular levels. One of the intergeneric hybrids had gonads that were testis-like in structure, small in size, and lacked germ cells. Specification of primordial germ cells (PGCs) and their migration towards genital ridges were normally occurred in hybrid embryos, but these PGCs did not proliferate in the hybrid gonads...
April 2, 2018: Genetics
Philippe Lherminier
We distinguish two types of predations: the predation of matter-energy equals the food chain, and the informative predation is the capture of the information brought by the sexual partners. The cell or parent consumes energy and matter to grow, multiply and produce offspring. A fixed amount of resources is divided by the number of organisms, so individual growth and numerical multiplication are limited by depletion resources of the environment. Inversely, fertilization does not destroy information, but instead produces news...
March 29, 2018: Comptes Rendus Biologies
Hao Chen, Zi Ye, Lin Sun, Xi Li, Shuai Shi, Jiajiang Hu, Yingying Jin, Qingwen Xu, Bailiang Wang
The over- and inefficient release of antibiotics from common delivery systems causes the development of drug-resistant bacteria. In the present work, methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone)-chitosan/montmorillonite (MPC/MMT) hybrid multilayer films were constructed for bacterial infections and pH-dependent release of the hydrophobic drug triclosan (TCA). The thickness of the (MPC-T/MMT)10 multilayer films was 384.4 ± 26.5 nm, and the TCA loading dosage was 2.4 μg/cm2 . Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis were used in the antibacterial tests...
June 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Alim Junaid, Himanshu Kumar, A R Rao, A N Patil, N K Singh, Kishor Gaikwad
DNA methylation is an important heritable landmark conferring epigenetic changes in hybrids and has fascinated biologists and plant-breeders over the years. Although epigenetic changes have been documented in rice and maize hybrids, such investigations have not been reported in pigeonpea. Here, we report genome-wide methylation profiles of pigeonpea sterile and fertile inbred lines and their fertile F1 hybrid at single base resolution. We found that pigeonpea genome is relatively enriched in CG methylation...
March 16, 2018: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
Stefano Lazzarano, Marek Kučka, João P L Castro, Ronald Naumann, Paloma Medina, Michael N C Fletcher, Rebecka Wombacher, Joost Gribnau, Tino Hochepied, Marc Van Montagu, Claude Libert, Yingguang Frank Chan
Discovering the genetic changes underlying species differences is a central goal in evolutionary genetics. However, hybrid crosses between species in mammals often suffer from hybrid sterility, greatly complicating genetic mapping of trait variation across species. Here, we describe a simple, robust, and transgene-free technique to generate "in vitro crosses" in hybrid mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells by inducing random mitotic cross-overs with the drug ML216, which inhibits the DNA helicase Bloom syndrome (BLM)...
March 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Fei Xie, Jia-Lan Yuan, Yi-Xiao Li, Can-Jie Wang, Hong-Yu Tang, Jun-Hui Xia, Qing-Yong Yang, Zheng-Jie Wan
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is universally utilized in cruciferous vegetables. However, the Chinese cabbage hau CMS lines, obtained by interspecific hybridization and multiple backcrosses of the Brassica juncea ( B. juncea ) CMS line and Chinese cabbage, show obvious leaf etiolation, and the molecular mechanism of etiolation remains elusive. Here, the ultrastructural and phenotypic features of leaves from the Chinese cabbage CMS line 1409A and maintainer line 1409B are analyzed. The results show that chloroplasts of 1409A exhibit abnormal morphology and distribution...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ke Xie, Suowei Wu, Ziwen Li, Yan Zhou, Danfeng Zhang, Zhenying Dong, Xueli An, Taotao Zhu, Simiao Zhang, Shuangshuang Liu, Jinping Li, Xiangyuan Wan
Map-based cloning of maize ms33 gene showed that ZmMs33 encodes a sn-2 glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase, the ortholog of rice OsGPAT3, and it is essential for male fertility in maize. Genetic male sterility has been widely studied for its biological significance and commercial value in hybrid seed production. Although many male-sterile mutants have been identified in maize (Zea mays L.), it is likely that most genes that cause male sterility are unknown. Here, we report a recessive genetic male-sterile mutant, male sterility33 (ms33), which displays small, pale yellow anthers, and complete male sterility...
March 15, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Sona Gregorova, Vaclav Gergelits, Irena Chvatalova, Tanmoy Bhattacharyya, Barbora Valiskova, Vladana Fotopulosova, Petr Jansa, Diana Wiatrowska, Jiri Forejt
Hybrid sterility is one of the reproductive isolation mechanisms leading to speciation. Prdm9 , the only known vertebrate hybrid sterility gene, causes failure of meiotic chromosome synapsis and infertility in male hybrids between two mouse subspecies. But within species Prdm9 determines the sites of programmed DNA double-strand breaks and meiotic recombination hotspots. To investigate the relation between Prdm9 -controlled meiotic arrest and asynapsis, we inserted random stretches of consubspecific homology on several autosomal pairs in sterile hybrids and analyzed their ability to form synaptonemal complexes and rescue male fertility...
March 14, 2018: ELife
Diego Hojsgaard
Polyploid genomes evolve and follow a series of dynamic transfigurations along with adaptation and speciation. The initial formation of a new polyploid individual within a diploid population usually involves a triploid bridge, a two-step mechanism of cell fusions between ubiquitous (reduced) and rare (unreduced) gametes. The primary fusion event creates an intermediate triploid individual with unbalanced genome sets, a situation of genomic-shock characterized by gene expression dysregulation, high dosage sensitivity, disturbed cell divisions, and physiological and reproductive attributes drastically altered...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Antje Reddemann, Renate Horn
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) systems represent ideal mutants to study the role of mitochondria in pollen development. In sunflower, CMS PET2 also has the potential to become an alternative CMS source for commercial sunflower hybrid breeding. CMS PET2 originates from an interspecific cross of H. petiolaris and H. annuus as CMS PET1, but results in a different CMS mechanism. Southern analyses revealed differences for atp6 , atp9 and cob between CMS PET2, CMS PET1 and the male-fertile line HA89. A second identical copy of atp6 was present on an additional CMS PET2-specific fragment...
March 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Miaomiao Xing, Chao Sun, Hailong Li, Shilin Hu, Lei Lei, Jungen Kang
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata), an important vegetable crop in the Brassicaceae family, is economically important worldwide. In the process of hybrid seed production, Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility (OguCMS), controlled by the mitochondrial gene orf138, has been extensively used for cabbage hybrid production with complete and stable male sterility. To identify the critical genes and pathways involved in the sterility and to better understand the underlying molecular mechanisms, the anther of OguCMS line R2P2CMS and the fertile line R2P2 were used for RNA-seq and iTRAQ (Isobaric Tags for Relative and Absolute Quantitation) proteome analysis...
2018: PloS One
Jialei Ji, Limei Yang, Zhiyuan Fang, Mu Zhuang, Yangyong Zhang, Honghao Lv, Yumei Liu, Zhansheng Li
Plant male reproductive development is a very complex biological process that involves multiple metabolic pathways. To reveal novel insights into male reproductive development, we conducted an integrated profiling of gene activity in the developing buds of a cabbage recessive genetic male sterile mutant. Using RNA-Seq and label-free quantitative proteomics, 2881 transcripts and 1245 protein species were identified with significant differential abundance between the male sterile line 83121A and its isogenic maintainer line 83121B...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
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