keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Quit smoking

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531766/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-cessation-fatigue-scale
#1
Amanda R Mathew, Bryan W Heckman, Ellen Meier, Matthew J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation fatigue, or tiredness of attempting to quit smoking, has been posited as a latent construct encompassing loss of motivation, loss of hope in cessation success, decreased self-efficacy, and exhaustion of self-control resources. Despite the potential clinical impact of characterizing cessation fatigue, there is currently no validated measure to assess it. Using a rational scale development approach, we developed a cessation fatigue measure and examined its reliability and construct validity in relation to a) smokers' experience of a recently failed quit attempt (QA) and b) readiness to engage in a subsequent QA...
May 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528524/a-novel-public-health-approach-to-measuring-tobacco-cessation-needs-among-cancer-survivors-in-alaska
#2
J Michael Underwood, Samantha J Hyde-Rolland, Julia Thorsness, Sherri L Stewart
Cancer survivors who continue to smoke have poorer response to treatment, higher risk for future cancers and lower survival rates than those who quit tobacco after diagnosis. Despite the increased risk for negative health outcomes, tobacco use among Alaskan cancer survivors is 19%, among the highest in the nation. To characterize and address tobacco cessation needs among cancer survivors who called a quit line for help in quitting tobacco, Alaska's Comprehensive Cancer Control program initiated a novel partnership with the state's Tobacco Quit Line...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525994/noticing-cigarette-health-warnings-and-support-for-new-health-warnings-among-non-smokers-in-china-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-project-itc-china-survey
#3
Zejun Li, Tara Elton Marshall, Geoffrey T Fong, Anne Chiew Kin Quah, Guoze Feng, Yuan Jiang, Sara C Hitchman
BACKGROUND: Health warnings labels (HWLs) have the potential to effectively communicate the health risks of smoking to smokers and non-smokers, and encourage smokers to quit. This study sought to examine whether non-smokers in China notice the current text-only HWLs and whether they support adding more health information and including pictures on HWLs. METHODS: Adult non-smokers (n = 1324) were drawn from Wave 4 (September 2011-November 2012) of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) China Survey...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525609/e-cigarettes-and-weight-loss-product-design-innovation-insights-from-industry-patents
#4
Harkirat Singh, Ryan David Kennedy, Lisa Lagasse, Lauren M Czaplicki, Joanna E Cohen
Objective: There is emerging evidence that e-cigarettes are being used by some to mitigate weight gain after quitting smoking, and being used to help control weight. This study sought to identify and describe patents related to innovations for e-cigarette devices associated and weight loss. Methods: Relevant patents were identified using Google Patents with the core search terms: "electronic cigarette" OR "e-cigarette" OR "vaporizer" OR "vapourizer" AND "nicotine" AND "weight loss" OR "weight control" OR "obesity" OR "hunger"...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522745/randomised-controlled-trial-of-stand-alone-tailored-emails-for-smoking-cessation
#5
J Lee Westmaas, Jeuneviette Bontemps-Jones, Peter S Hendricks, Jihye Kim, Lorien C Abroms
INTRODUCTION: Digital technology has created opportunities for delivering smoking cessation assistance at the population level. However, the efficacy of sending multiple, automated, tailored emails providing motivation, support and information for quitting is unknown. METHODS: Smokers planning to quit (n=1070) were randomly assigned to (1) 27 tailored cessation emails (deluxe email group (DEG)), (2) 3 to 4 tailored emails with links to downloadable booklets (basic email group (BEG)) or (3) a single non-tailored email (single email group (SEG))...
May 18, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521782/combining-alcohol-interventions-with-tobacco-addictions-treatment-in-primary-care-the-combat-study-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Nadia Minian, Dolly Baliunas, Laurie Zawertailo, Aliya Noormohamed, Norman Giesbrecht, Christian S Hendershot, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov, Peter L Selby
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and alcohol use present multiplicative risk for aerodigestive cancers. Reducing alcohol consumption improves smoking cessation outcomes and reduces cancer risk. Risky alcohol consumption and smoking are often treated separately despite concurrent treatment potentially leading to better outcomes for each. However, no rapidly scalable program exists for combined interventions in primary care clinics spread across wide geographic areas. This cluster randomized trial aims to report on the effects of a novel clinical decision support system (CDSS) on intervention rates by primary care practitioners addressing risky alcohol use in a smoking cessation program...
May 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521334/lifestyle-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-an-international-panel-recommendation
#7
Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Vasilios G Athyros, Mónica Bullo, Patrick Couture, María I Covas, Lawrence de Koning, Javier Delgado-Lista, Andrés Díaz-López, Christian A Drevon, Ramón Estruch, Katherine Esposito, Montserrat Fitó, Marta Garaulet, Dario Giugliano, Antonio García-Ríos, Niki Katsiki, Genovefa Kolovou, Benoît Lamarche, Maria Ida Maiorino, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Araceli Muñoz-Garach, Dragana Nikolic, José M Ordovás, Francisco Pérez-Jiménez, Manfredi Rizzo, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Helmut Schröder, Francisco J Tinahones, Rafael de la Torre, Ben van Ommen, Suzan Wopereis, Emilio Ros, José López-Miranda
The importance of metabolic syndrome (MetS) lies in its associated risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, as well as other harmful conditions such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In this report, the available scientific evidence on the associations between lifestyle changes and MetS and its components is reviewed to derive recommendations for MetS prevention and management. Weight loss through an energy-restricted diet together with increased energy expenditure through physical activity contribute to the prevention and treatment of MetS...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521015/changes-in-alcohol-consumption-during-a-stop-smoking-attempt-and-differences-between-smokers-using-nicotine-replacement-and-smokers-using-varenicline
#8
Dunja Przulj, Peter Hajek, Sarah Snuggs, Hayden McRobbie
Introduction: Little is known about effects of smoking cessation on alcohol consumption. Varenicline reduces enjoyment of smoking and cigarette consumption and may also reduce enjoyment and consumption of alcohol. We conducted the first prospective examination of the effects of stopping smoking on alcohol enjoyment and consumption, and compared clients using varenicline and clients using nicotine replacement treatment (NRT). Methods: Audit of records from clients undergoing routine smoking cessation treatment inthree stop-smoking services in London, UK...
May 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515547/a-randomized-pilot-study-of-brief-intervention-versus-simple-advice-for-women-tobacco-users-in-an-urban-community-in-india
#9
Sonali Jhanjee, Rakesh Lal, Ashwami Mishra, Deepak Yadav
AIM: The study aimed to assess the efficacy of providing brief intervention (BI) for women tobacco users in a community-based setting. METHODS: In this open-labeled randomized study, a representative sample of women (n = 100) from a community in East Delhi were screened using Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. Eligible women were randomized to BI or simple advice (SA) arms. At baseline, they were assessed for tobacco use characteristics and severity of nicotine dependence using Fagerstrom's test for nicotine dependence...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514397/-vascular-permeability-and-intravascular-erythrocyte-aggregation-in-young-people-after-smoking-cessation
#10
B Z Sirotin, N V Korneeva
AIM: To study the parameters of microcirculation and permeability of the microvessels in young people who have ceased smoking. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study enrolled 35 healthy young adults (male to female ratio, 20:15; mean age, 21.71±0.46 years) who had stopped smoking 1 month to 10 years (mean 2.63±0.43 years) ago. The compared group consisted of 16 smokers (male to female ratio, 6:10; mean age, 21.62±0.72 years) and 29 non-smokers (male to female ratio, 8:21; mean age, 21...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508106/differential-effects-of-pair-housing-on-voluntary-nicotine-consumption-a-comparison-between-male-and-female-adolescent-rats
#11
Hyunchan Lee, Minji Jang, Woonhee Kim, Jihyun Noh
RATIONALE: Tobacco smoking occurs in a wide array of social circumstances. Social support for quitting is generally used to stop smoking, while peer interactions may be a crucial factor in triggering tobacco use among adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of social factors on nicotine dependence, we compared single- and pair-housed rats subjected to voluntary oral nicotine consumption tests. METHODS: Six-week-old adolescent rats were subjected to experimental procedures and assigned to one of the following groups: a male single group, a male pair group with a sibling, a female single group, and a female pair group with a sibling...
May 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507522/nicotine-acutely-enhances-reinforcement-from-non-drug-rewards-in-humans
#12
REVIEW
Kenneth A Perkins, Joshua L Karelitz, Margaret C Boldry
Preclinical research documents that, aside from the primary and secondary reinforcing effects of nicotine intake itself, nicotine also acutely enhances the reinforcing efficacy of non-drug reinforcers ("rewards"). Study of these effects in humans has largely been overlooked, but very recent findings suggest they may have clinical implications for more fully understanding the persistence of tobacco dependence. This overview first outlines the topic and notes some recent human studies indirectly addressing nicotine effects on related responses (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505303/acute-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-affect-and-smoking-craving-in-the-weeks-before-and-after-a-cessation-attempt
#13
Ana M Abrantes, Samantha G Farris, Haruka Minami, David R Strong, Deborah Riebe, Richard A Brown
Introduction: Aerobic exercise may improve smoking abstinence via reductions in craving and negative affect, and increases in positive moods. Acute changes in craving and affect before and after structured exercise sessions have not been examined during the weeks prior to and following quit attempts, nor has smoking status been examined in relation to these effects. Given that regular cigarette smoking can be perceived as affect-enhancing and craving-reducing, it is not known whether exercise could contribute additional affective benefit beyond these effects...
May 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504975/ce-original-research-the-experiences-of-pregnant-smokers-and-their-providers
#14
Geraldine Rose Britton, Rosemary Collier, Sean McKitrick, Lori Marie Sprague, Joyce Rhodes-Keefe, Ann Feeney, Gary D James
Study findings suggest ways to better address tobacco use. ABSTRACT: Background: The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' initiative Healthy People 2020 targets tobacco use, including smoking during pregnancy, as a continuing major health concern in this country. Yet bringing the U.S. Public Health Service's 2008 clinical practice guideline, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence, into routine prenatal care remains challenging. Our previous nurse-managed intervention study of rural pregnant women found no significant cessation effect and significant discordance between selfreported smoker status and urinary cotinine levels...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504457/electronic-cigarettes-quit-attempts-and-smoking-cessation-a-6-month-follow-up
#15
Anne Pasquereau, Romain Guignard, Raphaël Andler, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is conflicting evidence that use of e-cigarettes promotes cessation in regular smokers, but contrasting findings may be due to differing definitions of vaping. The aim was to assess whether regular use of e-cigarettes while smoking is associated with subsequent smoking cessation. DESIGN: Baseline internet survey with outcomes measured at 6-month follow-up. SETTING: All French metropolitan territory. PARTICIPANTS: 2057 smokers aged 15 to 85 years were recruited through an access panel and responded to a 6-month follow-up: 1805 exclusive tobacco smokers and 252 dual users (tobacco plus regular e-cigarette users) at baseline...
May 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503417/indoor-outdoor-not-voluptuary-habit-pollution-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-a-systematic-review
#16
Laura Tenero, Giorgio Piacentini, Luana Nosetti, Emma Gasperi, Michele Piazza, Marco Zaffanello
BACKGROUND: Exposure to environmental pollutants is advocated to be a major risk factor, with increased morbidity and mortality in humans due to acute and chronic airway inflammation. The aim of the present review is to show the literature research regarding the link between the sleep-disordered breathing and exposure to indoor/outdoor pollution in children. We hypothesized that environmental air pollution can play a role in childhood sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS: We conducted an electronic search in Medline (with PubMed interface), Scopus and the ISI Web of Science using the keywords "sleep" or "sleep apnea" or "sleep disordered breathing" and "pollution" and "children" in "Title/Abstract/Keywords", with language restriction (non-English paper) and no date limitation to present...
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501035/motivation-to-quit-smoking-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#17
Vânia Rocha, Marina Guerra, Marina Lemos, Júlia Maciel, Geoffrey Williams
INTRODUCTION: Self-Determination Theory explores the process through which a person acquires motivation to initiate new behaviours related to health and to maintain them over time. This study aimed to determine the overall fit of Self-Determination Theory Model for Health Behavior to the data obtained from a sample of smokers hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome, and to identify the predictors of smoking status six months after clinical discharge. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 110 participants, regular smokers, hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500373/effects-of-varenicline-versus-transdermal-nicotine-replacement-therapy-on-cigarette-demand-on-quit-day-in-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders
#18
Cara M Murphy, James MacKillop, Rosemarie A Martin, Jennifer W Tidey, Suzanne M Colby, Damaris J Rohsenow
RATIONALE: Cigarette demand is a behavioral economic measure of the relative value of cigarettes. Decreasing the value of cigarette reinforcement may help with quitting smoking. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of initial use of varenicline (VAR) versus nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) on demand for cigarettes on quit day among smokers with substance use disorders (SUD) and to determine whether reduced demand was associated with subsequent abstinence from smoking at 1 and 3 months...
May 13, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499259/systematic-review-of-social-media-interventions-for-smoking-cessation
#19
REVIEW
John A Naslund, Sunny Jung Kim, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Laura J McCulloch, Mary F Brunette, Jesse Dallery, Stephen J Bartels, Lisa A Marsch
BACKGROUND: Popular social media could extend the reach of smoking cessation efforts. In this systematic review, our objectives were: 1) to determine whether social media interventions for smoking cessation are feasible, acceptable, and potentially effective; 2) to identify approaches for recruiting subjects; and 3) to examine the specific intervention design components and strategies employed to promote user engagement and retention. METHODS: We searched Scopus, Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Central, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science through July 2016 and reference lists of relevant articles...
May 2, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497920/prevalence-of-self-reported-allergic-diseases-and-ige-levels-a-2010-knhanes-analysis
#20
Hye Jung Park, Eun Jin Kim, Dankyu Yoon, Jeom Kyu Lee, Woo Sung Chang, Yoen Mi Lim, Jung Won Park, Joo Shil Lee
PURPOSE: The prevalence of allergic diseases is known to be associated with both demographic and environmental factors. Herein, we aimed to determine significant factors associated with the prevalence of allergic diseases and with total immunoglobulin E (tIgE) and specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) levels in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed unweighted data collected by the 2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2,342 subjects who underwent serum tests for tIgE and sIgE to Dermatophagoides farinae, dog, and Blattella germanica, representing a sample of 16,003,645 citizens, by considering the sample weight and stratification...
July 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
keyword
keyword
48210
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"