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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088514/assessing-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-potential-effectiveness-of-an-integrated-approach-to-smoking-cessation-for-new-and-expectant-fathers-the-dads-in-gear-study-protocol
#1
Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Gayl Sarbit, Cristina Caperchione, Marianne Clark, Anima Anand, Kym Howay
BACKGROUND: Evidence related to the effects of tobacco exposure in pregnancy and on infant and child health have focused on women's smoking cessation. Less often addressed is men's smoking, which when continued in fatherhood, reduces the chances of female partners' cessation and can negatively impact children's health as well as men's health. Dads in Gear (DIG) is an innovative program designed specifically for new fathers who want to reduce and quit smoking that includes three components: smoking cessation, fathering, and physical activity...
January 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087586/using-e-cigarettes-in-the-home-to-reduce-smoking-and-secondhand-smoke-disadvantaged-parents-accounts
#2
Neneh Rowa-Dewar, Catriona Rooke, Amanda Amos
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are subject to considerable public health debate. Most public health experts agree that for smokers who find it particularly challenging to quit, e-cigarettes may reduce harm. E-cigarette use in the home may also reduce children's secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure, although e-cigarette vapour may pose risks. This is the first qualitative study to explore disadvantaged parents' views and experiences of e-cigarettes in relation to reducing SHS exposure in the home. Interviews with 25 disadvantaged parents from Edinburgh who smoked and had children aged 1-3 were conducted in 2013, with 17 re-interviewed in 2014...
January 13, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080096/emotion-dysregulation-explains-associations-between-anxiety-sensitivity-and-hazardous-drinking-and-drinking-motives-among-adult-treatment-seeking-smokers
#3
Daniel J Paulus, Jaclyn Valadka, Michael S Businelle, Matthew W Gallagher, Andres G Viana, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
Smoking and drinking frequently co-occur. For example, alcohol use is associated with smoking lapses during quit attempts. However, little is known regarding psychological factors explaining drinking among smokers. Anxiety sensitivity is a risk factor associated with hazardous drinking and drinking to cope and/or conform, although little is known about mechanisms underlying such associations. One potential explanatory factor is emotion dysregulation. The current study examined emotion dysregulation as an explanatory factor underlying Anxiety Sensitivity and 5 alcohol-related outcomes: hazardous drinking, alcohol consumption, alcohol problems, coping-oriented drinking, and drinking to conform...
January 12, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077940/physician-tobacco-screening-and-advice-to-quit-among-u-s-adolescents-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-2013
#4
Lauren Collins, Sabrina L Smiley, Rakiya A Moore, Amanda L Graham, Andrea C Villanti
BACKGROUND: Initiating tobacco use in adolescence increases the risk of nicotine dependence and continued smoking. Physician screening for tobacco use increases the odds of physicians intervening with patients who smoke; However, without appropriate follow-through by the physician, screening for tobacco use is not enough to significantly increase cessation rates. Given the critical phase of development adolescence poses in tobacco use and evidence that physician intervention improves adult cessation efforts, we sought to examine physician tobacco use screening and advice to quit among adolescents (12-17 years)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077163/the-efficacy-of-varenicline-in-achieving-abstinence-among-waterpipe-tobacco-smokers-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Raana Zahid, Omara Dogar, Sonia Mansoor, Amina Khan, Mona Kanaan, Mohammed Jawad, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe tobacco smoking has increased among youth across the globe including in the US, and it continues as a common and traditional form of smoking tobacco in Pakistan. A range of behavioral and pharmacological therapies are available to support people in quitting cigarette smoking; however, little evidence exists for the efficacy of these therapies in achieving abstinence among waterpipe tobacco smokers. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of varenicline when added to behavioral support for waterpipe tobacco smoking cessation, by measuring biochemically validated continuous abstinence in waterpipe tobacco smokers...
January 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076257/physician-advice-for-e-cigarette-use
#6
Christy Kollath-Cattano, James F Thrasher, Amira Osman, Jeannette O Andrews, Scott M Strayer
PURPOSE: To determine characteristics of smokers discussing e-cigarette use with their physician and receiving recommendations from their physician to use e-cigarettes for smoking cessation. METHODS: US adult smokers who had visited a physician in the previous 12 months (n = 2671) were surveyed. Logistic generalized estimating equation models were used to assess the characteristics of smokers who (1) talked to a physician about e-cigarettes, and (2) received physician advice to use e-cigarettes for smoking cessation...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075609/female-smokers-are-at-greater-risk-of-airflow-obstruction-than-male-smokers-uk-biobank
#7
André F S Amaral, David P Strachan, Peter Gj Burney, Deborah L Jarvis
The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing faster among women than among men. <br><br> Objectives: To examine sex differences in the risk of airflow obstruction (COPD hallmark) in relation to smoking history. <br><br> Methods: We analysed 149,075 women and 100,252 men taking part in the UK Biobank, who had provided spirometry measurements and information on smoking. The association of airflow obstruction with smoking characteristics was assessed, by sex, using regression analysis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074374/can-we-predict-the-perioperative-pulmonary-complications-before-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-original-research
#8
Nurhan Atilla, Huseyin Arpag, Fulsen Bozkus, Hasan Kahraman, Emrah Cengiz, Ertan Bulbuloglu, Semi Atilla
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of obesity in worldwide is one of the most serious chronic public health problems and is considered to be a global epidemic. Bariatric surgical procedures have also been applied more often with increased prevalence of obesity. As a result, the incidence of surgical complications has increased. Preoperative evaluation is quite important for these patients. AIMS: The aim of our study is to determine the predictors of perioperative pulmonary complications of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
January 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073631/-assessing-motivation-to-smoking-cessation-in-hospitalized-patients
#9
Juana María Sepúlveda-Sánchez, José Carlos Canca-Sánchez, Francisco Rivas-Ruiz, Mónica Martín-García, Celia Lorente Márquez, Eva María Timonet-Andreu
AIM: To assess motivation to quit smoking in patients admitted to an acute care hospital, determine predictors of readiness to change, and identify a risk group that requires targeted motivational interviewing. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study. A retrospective study was performed on the medical records of 248 patients aged >18 years with smoking habits admitted to the medical and surgery units of a district hospital between May 2014 and April 2015...
January 7, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073149/smoking-at-the-time-of-diagnosis-and-mortality-in-cancer-patients-what-benefit-does-the-quitter-gain
#10
Takahiro Tabuchi, Atsushi Goto, Yuri Ito, Keisuke Fukui, Isao Miyashiro, Tomohiro Shinozaki
Few studies have examined the association between smoking behavior (especially quitters) at the time of diagnosis and mortality among cancer patients. Our objective was to examine the benefits of quitting on all-cause mortality among cancer patients. 30,658 eligible cancer patients diagnosed between 1985 and 2009, identified by a hospital-based cancer registry in Japan, were followed up for up to 10 years. We evaluated smoking behavior at cancer diagnosis (especially recent quitters versus current smokers) in association with all-cause mortality using Cox-proportional hazards models and covariates-adjusted survival curves...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072935/the-addition-of-tick-boxes-related-to-tobacco-cessation-improves-smoking-related-documentation-in-the-anaesthesia-chart
#11
A Webb, A C Wilson
The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) 'Guidelines on Smoking as Related to the Perioperative Period (PS12)' recommends that anaesthetists should always ask about smoking, advise quitting and refer patients to their general practitioner (GP) or a telephone quit-line for quit support. In this study we evaluated the effect of adding tick-boxes for 'quit advice given' and 'referral to GP/Quitline' to anaesthesia charts of elective surgical patients to assess whether this intervention changed documentation of compliance with the ANZCA guideline...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070868/development-of-a-just-in-time-adaptive-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-among-korean-american-emerging-adults
#12
Christian Jules Cerrada, Eldin Dzubur, Kacie C A Blackman, Vickie Mays, Steven Shoptaw, Jimi Huh
PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking is a preventable risk factor that contributes to unnecessary lung cancer burden among Korean Americans and there is limited research on effective smoking cessation strategies for this population. Smartphone-based smoking cessation apps that leverage just-in-time adaptive interventions (JITAIs) hold promise for smokers attempting to quit. However, little is known about how to develop and tailor a smoking cessation JITAI for Korean American emerging adult (KAEA) smokers...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069870/the-effect-of-pack-warning-labels-on-quitting-and-related-thoughts-and-behaviours-in-a-national-cohort-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smokers
#13
Anna Nicholson, Ron Borland, Pele Bennet, Maureen Davey, Jasmine Sarin, Anke Van der Sterren, Matthew Stevens, David Thomas
INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of smoking among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia (39%) contributes substantially to health inequalities. This study assesses the impact of warning labels on quitting and related thoughts and behaviours for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander smokers. METHODS: Participants were recruited from communities served by 34 Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services and communities in the Torres Strait, Australia, using quota sampling...
January 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069410/tobacco-control-and-treatment-for-the-pediatric-clinician-practice-policy-and-research-updates
#14
REVIEW
Brian P Jenssen, Karen M Wilson
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, and exposure to tobacco smoke harms children from conception forward. There is no safe level of tobacco exposure. While overall smoking rates have declined, the advent of new products, such as electronic cigarettes, threatens to perpetuate nicotine addiction without clear health benefits. In addition to reviewing traditional and new tobacco products, we discuss the unique role that pediatricians should play in tobacco treatment and control efforts...
January 6, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068208/a-qualitative-study-of-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-smoking-cessation-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-smokers-who-are-interested-in-quitting
#15
Alicia K Matthews, John Cesario, Raymond Ruiz, Natalie Ross, Andrea King
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are significantly more likely to smoke compared with their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. The purpose of this study was to explore barriers to and facilitators of smoking cessation readiness among LGBT smokers. METHODS: This descriptive study used a qualitative approach. Four 90-minute focus groups (eligibility criteria: age ≥21, self-identify as LGBT, current smoker, interest in quitting smoking) were conducted...
January 9, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068112/association-between-smoking-related-attentional-bias-and-craving-measured-in-the-clinic-and-in-the-natural-environment
#16
Rachna Begh, Margaret Smith, Stuart G Ferguson, Saul Shiffman, Marcus R Munafò, Paul Aveyard
Previous laboratory studies have investigated associations between attentional bias and craving, but ecological momentary assessment (EMA) may provide ecologically-valid data. This study examines whether clinic-measured attentional bias is associated with noticing smoking cues, attention to smoking, and craving assessed by EMA and whether EMA-assessed cues and attention to smoking are associated with craving in a secondary analysis of data from 100 cigarette smokers attempting cessation. Two weeks before quitting, participants completed attentional bias assessments on visual probe (VP) and Stroop tasks and completed random EMA-assessments for seven weeks thereafter...
December 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067594/nicotine-withdrawal-relapse-of-mental-illness-or-medication-side-effect-implementing-a-monitoring-tool-for-people-with-mental-illness-into-quitline-counseling
#17
Catherine J Segan, Amanda L Baker, Alyna Turner, Jill M Williams
BACKGROUND: Smokers with mental illness and their health care providers are often concerned that smoking cessation will worsen mental health. Smokers with mental illness tend to be more nicotine dependent and experience more severe symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, some of which are difficult to distinguish from psychiatric symptoms. In addition, smoking cessation can increase the blood levels and hence side-effects of some psychotropic medications. Improved monitoring of nicotine withdrawal and medication side-effects may help distinguish temporary withdrawal symptoms from psychiatric symptoms and facilitate targeted treatment to help smokers with mental illness manage the acute phase of nicotine withdrawal...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063325/a-pilot-trial-of-in-vivo-nrt-sampling-to-increase-medication-adherence-in-community-corrections-smokers
#18
Karen L Cropsey, Peter S Hendricks, Samantha Schiavon, Aaron Sellers, Morgan Froelich, Richard C Shelton, Matthew J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Individuals in the criminal justice system demonstrate high rates of cigarette use (70-80%) and low adherence to smoking cessation medication. Educational approaches have not been shown to promote adherence or cessation, though medication sampling has boosted both use and cessation. The objective of the present study was to determine whether In vivo nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) sampling approach increases NRT adherence among criminal justice smokers during a subsequent quit attempt...
December 27, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062468/comparison-of-self-perceived-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-smokers-with-framingham-and-procam-scores-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-baseline-data-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Benoît Desgraz, Tinh-Hai Collet, Nicolas Rodondi, Jacques Cornuz, Carole Clair
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies suggest that smokers have a misperception of their 10-year cardiovascular risk. We aimed to compare 10-year cardiovascular risk self-perception and calculated risk among smokers willing to quit and assess the determinants of a possible misperception. DESIGN: Cross-sectional secondary analysis of baseline data from a randomised controlled trial of smoking cessation. PARTICIPANTS: 514 participants, mean age 51.1 years, 46% women, 98% Caucasian...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057131/-interaction-between-smoking-and-indoor-air-pollution-on-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-diseases
#20
D X Pan, Y J Qian, C M Wang, Y Guo, Z Bian, K X Xie, L L Chen, Y D Zhang, Q Y Li
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in Tongxiang, Zhejiang province, and analyze the interaction between smoking and indoor air pollution on COPD. Methods: Townships of Chongfu, Zhouquan, Gaoqiao, Shimen, Wuzhen were randomly selected from Tongxiang. All the local people aged 30-79 years were asked to receive questionnaire survey, physical examination and pulmonary function testing. FEV1max/FVC max≤0.7 was the criterion of COPD diagnosis. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between smoking/indoor air pollution and COPD, multiplied interaction between smoking and indoor air pollution was evaluated, Excel table prepared by Andersson et al...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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