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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329632/cigarette-smoking-and-the-risks-of-incident-basal-cell-carcinoma-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-a-large-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Jean Claude Dusingize, Catherine M Olsen, Nirmala Pandeya, Bridie Thompson, Rachel E Neale, Padmini Subramaniam, David C Whiteman, Adele C Green
Tobacco smoking is a strong risk factor for cancer, but associations with basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) of the skin have been inconsistent. We prospectively investigated the associations between cigarette smoking and 3-year incidence of first primary BCC or SCC in the QSkin cohort (n=43765). Smoking history was self-reported at baseline; newly diagnosed and surgically treated BCCs and SCCs were ascertained through linkage to the national health insurance scheme and verified by histopathology reports...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328303/the-role-of-pain-in-quitting-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-positive-smokers-enrolled-in-a-smoking-cessation-trial
#2
Carrie J Aigner, Ellen R Gritz, Irene Tamí-Maury, George P Baum, Roberto C Arduino, Damon J Vidrine
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates among people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS; PLWHA) are at least twice as high as rates in the general population. Consistent with the reciprocal model of pain and smoking, PLWHA with pain who smoke may use smoking as a means of coping with pain, thus presenting a potential barrier to quitting. The aim of this study is to better understand how pain relates to smoking cessation among 474 HIV-positive adults enrolled in a cell phone-delivered smoking cessation trial...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326291/applying-a-new-theory-to-smoking-cessation-case-of-multi-theory-model-mtm-for-health-behavior-change
#3
Manoj Sharma, Jagdish Khubchandani, Vinayak K Nahar
Background: Smoking continues to be a public health problem worldwide. Smoking and tobacco use are associated with cardiovascular diseases that include coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, cerebrovascular disease, and abdominal aortic aneurysm. Programs for quitting smoking have played a significant role in reduction of smoking in the United States. The smoking cessation interventions include counseling, nicotine replacement therapy, buproprion therapy, and varenicline therapy. The success rates with each of these approaches vary with clear need for improvement...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325449/tcontrol-a-mobile-app-to-follow-up-tobacco-quitting-patients
#4
Marc Pifarré, Adrián Carrera, Jordi Vilaplana, Josep Cuadrado, Sara Solsona, Francesc Abella, Francesc Solsona, Rui Alves
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for a wide range of respiratory and circulatory diseases in active and passive smokers. Well-designed campaigns are raising awareness to the problem and an increasing number of smokers seeks medical assistance to quit their habit. In this context, there is the need to develop mHealth Apps that assist and manage large smoke quitting programs in efficient and economic ways. OBJECTIVES: Our main objective is to develop an efficient and free mHealth app that facilitates the management of, and assistance to, people who want to quit smoking...
April 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324226/tobacco-cessation-counseling-attitudes-and-practices-among-yemeni-dental-professionals
#5
Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Walid A Al-Soneidar, Amer AlMaqtari, Abdulrahman Hunaish, Ghadah Al-Sufyani, Esam Halboub
Tobacco use is a significant health problem in Yemen and worldwide. Dental practitioners can play a pivotal role in educating their patients on the risk of smoking and motivating them to quit. This study aimed to assess the attitudes towards and practices of tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) among Yemeni dental professionals and to evaluate whether such attitudes and practices are associated with gender, smoking status, and years since graduation. In this cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire containing questions regarding the practice and attitudes towards TCC in dental clinic was used...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323575/lung-laryngeal-and-other-respiratory-cancer-incidence-among-japanese-atomic-bomb-survivors-an-updated-analysis-from-1958-through-2009
#6
Elizabeth K Cahoon, Dale L Preston, Donald A Pierce, Eric Grant, Alina V Brenner, Kiyohiko Mabuchi, Mai Utada, Kotaro Ozasa
The Life Span Study (LSS) of Japanese atomic bomb survivors is comprised of a large, population-based cohort offering one of the best opportunities to study the relationship between exposure to radiation and incidence of respiratory cancers. Risks of lung, laryngeal and other cancers of the respiratory system were evaluated among 105,444 LSS subjects followed from 1958 to 2009. During this period, we identified 2,446 lung, 180 laryngeal and 115 other respiratory (trachea, mediastinum and other ill-defined sites) first primary incident cancer cases...
March 21, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319515/a-perioperative-smoking-cessation-intervention-with-varenicline-counseling-and-fax-referral-to-a-telephone-quitline-versus-a-brief-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jean Wong, Amir Abrishami, Sheila Riazi, Naveed Siddiqui, Eric You-Ten, Jennifer Korman, Sazzadul Islam, Xin Chen, Maged S M Andrawes, Peter Selby, David T Wong, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of perioperative interventions to quit smoking with varenicline has not been compared with brief interventions. Our objective was to determine the efficacy of a comprehensive smoking cessation program versus a brief intervention for smoking cessation. METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter study, 296 patients were randomized to participate in a smoking cessation program (one 10- to 15-minute counseling session, pharmacotherapy with varenicline, an educational pamphlet, and a fax referral to a telephone quitline); or brief advice and self-referral to a telephone quitline...
March 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318275/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-positive-and-negative-smoker-stereotypes-and-evaluations-of-cigarette-warnings
#8
Renee E Magnan, Linda D Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Although graphic cigarette warnings have important benefits that may aid in motivating smoking quit attempts and discouraging smoking initiation, 1 possible negative consequence might be psychological reactance to graphic warnings. Reactance to warnings might be shaped by stereotypical views of smokers. This research examined the associations of positive and negative smoker stereotypes with perceptions of the educational value of warnings as well as affective and motivational responses to them...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317503/type-a-type-b-alcoholism-predicts-differential-response-to-topiramate-in-a-smoking-cessation-trial-in-dually-diagnosed-men
#9
Melodie Isgro, Neal Doran, Jaimee L Heffner, Esther Wong, Elizabeth Dinh, Jessie Tibbs, Katie Russell, Tracy Bittner, Chris Wehrle, Matthew J Worley, Robert M Anthenelli
OBJECTIVE: Babor's A/B typology characterizes alcohol-dependence subtypes, which differ across multiple defining variables; however, differences in cigarette smoking and cessation between these subtypes have not been previously investigated. Topiramate reduces heavy drinking and has separately been found to help non-alcohol-dependent individuals quit smoking. This study tested the hypothesis that topiramate's effects on smoking would be moderated by alcohol-dependence subtype, and explored craving as a mediator of this response...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316562/changes-in-cigarette-smoking-initiation-cessation-and-relapse-among-u-s-adults-a-comparison-of-two-longitudinal-samples
#10
Zinan Yi, Maria E Mayorga, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Jennifer L Pearson
BACKGROUND: The tobacco epidemic in the U.S. has matured in the past decade. However, due to rapidly changing social policy and commercial environments, tailored prevention and interventions are needed to support further reduction in smoking. METHODS: Using Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS) 2002-2003 and 2010-2011 longitudinal cohorts, five smoking states are defined including daily-heavy, daily-light, non-daily, former and non-smoker...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315809/identifying-attendance-patterns-in-a-smoking-cessation-treatment-and-their-relationships-with-quit-success
#11
Jolene Jacquart, Santiago Papini, Michelle L Davis, David Rosenfield, Mark B Powers, Georita M Frierson, Lindsey B Hopkins, Scarlett O Baird, Bess H Marcus, Timothy S Church, Michael W Otto, Michael J Zvolensky, Jasper A J Smits
BACKGROUND: While important for substance use outcomes, knowledge about treatment attendance patterns, and their relation with clinical outcomes is limited. We examined the association between attendance patterns and smoking outcomes in a randomized, controlled smoking cessation intervention trial. METHODS: In addition to standard smoking cessation treatment, participants were randomized to 15 weeks of an exercise intervention (n=72) or an education control condition (n=64)...
March 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306684/implementation-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-in-rural-appalachia
#12
Daniel Doyle, Chaffee Tommarello, Mike Broce, Mary Emmett, Cecil Pollard
PURPOSE: To report on the implementation and clinical outcomes of a community-based pulmonary rehabilitation program in rural Appalachia. METHODS: Three rural health centers and a large referral hospital worked together to establish pulmonary rehabilitation services based on AACVPR guidelines. Each site hired at least 1 respiratory therapist. To measure clinical outcomes, a retrospective medical record study compared pre- and post-program values for the modified Medical Research Council dyspnea level, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), negative inspiratory force (NIF), respiratory disease knowledge, St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), BODE index (body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea and exercise capacity), and smoking status...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296573/the-adverse-effects-and-treatment-results-of-smoking-cessation-pharmacotherapy-during-fasting-non-fasting-state
#13
Sinem Iliaz, Seda Tural Onur, Mehmet Atilla Uysal, Efsun Gonca Uğur Chousein, Elif Tanriverdi, Belma Akbaba Bagci, Ayse Bahadir, Didem Gorgun Hattatoglu, Mediha Gonenc Ortakoylu, Sibel Yurt
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is one of the most common addictions worldwide. Muslim smokers reduce the number of cigarettes they smoke during Ramadan due to the long fasting hours. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to share our experience in a smoking cessation clinic during Ramadan by analyzing the efficacy and adverse effects of once-daily dosing of bupropion or varenicline in a fasting group compared with conventional dosing in a non-fasting group. METHODS: We analyzed 57 patients who attended our smoking cessation clinic during Ramadan of 2014 and 2015, and at least one follow-up visit...
March 15, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291729/association-between-improvement-in-cardiovascular-risk-profile-and-changes-in-sickness-absence-results-of-the-icaria-study
#14
Eva Calvo-Bonacho, Carlos Catalina-Romero, Martha Cabrera, Carlos Fernández-Labandera, Miguel Ángel Sánchez Chaparro, Carlos Brotons, Luis Miguel Ruilope
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether changes in cardiovascular risk (CVR) are associated with the length and cost of sickness absence. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 179 186 participants was evaluated. Each participant's CVR (SCORE) was assessed on 2 consecutive medical examinations, approximately 1 year apart (365 ± 90 days). Cardiovascular risk was categorized as < 4% or ≥ 4%, and participants were divided into 4 groups according to changes in their risk between the 2 assessments...
March 10, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288601/babies-living-safe-smokefree-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-multimodal-behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-low-income-children-s-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#15
Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore
BACKGROUND: Addressing children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) remains a public health priority. However, there is low uptake and ineffectiveness of treatment, particularly in low-income populations that face numerous challenges to smoking behavior change. A multilevel intervention combining system-level health messaging and advice about TSE delivered at community clinics that disseminate the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), combined with nicotine replacement and intensive multimodal, individual-level behavioral intervention may improve TSE control efforts in such high-risk populations...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285208/predictors-of-tobacco-abstinence-in-outpatient-smokers-with-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder-treated-with-varenicline-and-cognitive-behavioral-smoking-cessation-therapy
#16
Randi M Schuster, Corinne Cather, Gladys N Pachas, Haiyue Zhang, Kristina M Cieslak, Susanne S Hoeppner, David Schoenfeld, A Eden Evins
BACKGROUND: The estimated mortality gap between those with and without serious mental illness (SMI) is increasing, now estimated at 28years, which is largely due to smoking-related diseases. AIMS: We sought to identify predictors of 14-day continuous abstinence in stable outpatient smokers with SMI. METHOD: Adult smokers with schizophrenia spectrum (n=130) or bipolar disorder (n=23) were enrolled in a 12-week course of varenicline and cognitive-behavioral therapy for smoking cessation...
February 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284145/cumulative-receipt-of-an-anti-poverty-tax-credit-for-families-did-not-impact-tobacco-smoking-among-parents
#17
Frank Pega, Paola Gilsanz, Ichiro Kawachi, Nick Wilson, Tony Blakely
The effect of anti-poverty tax credit interventions on tobacco consumption is unclear. Previous studies have estimated short-term effects, did not isolate the effects of cumulative dose of tax credits, produced conflicting results, and used methods with limited control for some time-varying confounders (e.g., those affected by prior treatment) and treatment regimen (i.e., study participants' tax credit receipt pattern over time). We estimated the longer-term, cumulative effect of New Zealand's Family Tax Credit (FTC) on tobacco consumption, using a natural experiment (administrative errors leading to exogenous variation in FTC receipt) and methods specifically for controlling confounding, reverse causation, and treatment regimen...
March 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283465/design-considerations-for-mhealth-programs-targeting-smokers-not-yet-ready-to-quit-results-of-a-sequential-mixed-methods-study
#18
Jennifer B McClure, Jaimee Heffner, Sarah Hohl, Predrag Klasnja, Sheryl L Catz
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) smoking cessation programs are typically designed for smokers who are ready to quit smoking. In contrast, most smokers want to quit someday but are not yet ready to quit. If mHealth apps were designed for these smokers, they could potentially encourage and assist more people to quit smoking. No prior studies have specifically examined the design considerations of mHealth apps targeting smokers who are not yet ready to quit. OBJECTIVE: To inform the user-centered design of mHealth apps for smokers who were not yet ready to quit by assessing (1) whether these smokers were interested in using mHealth tools to change their smoking behavior; (2) their preferred features, functionality, and content of mHealth programs addressing smoking; and (3) considerations for marketing or distributing these programs to promote their uptake...
March 10, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280306/motivation-to-quit-smoking-and-acceptability-of-shocking-warnings-on-cigarette-packages-in-lebanon
#19
Nelly Layoun, Pascal Salameh, Mirna Waked, Z Aoun Bacha, Rony M Zeenny, Eric El Hitti, Isabelle Godin, Michèle Dramaix
INTRODUCTION: Health warnings on tobacco packages have been considered an essential pillar in filling the gap of knowledge and communicating the health risks of tobacco use to consumers. Our primary objective was to report the perception of smokers on the textual health warnings already appearing on tobacco packages in Lebanon versus shocking pictures about the health-related smoking consequences and to evaluate their impact on smoking behaviors and motivation. METHODS: A pilot cross-sectional study was undertaken between 2013 and 2015 in five hospitals in Lebanon...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275920/breast-tumor-dna-methylation-patterns-associated-with-smoking-in-the-carolina-breast-cancer-study
#20
Kathleen Conway, Sharon N Edmiston, Eloise Parrish, Christopher Bryant, Chiu-Kit Tse, Theresa Swift-Scanlan, Lauren E McCullough, Pei Fen Kuan
PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking is a risk factor in several cancers, yet its roles as a putative etiologic exposure or poor prognostic factor in breast cancer are less clear. Altered DNA methylation contributes to breast cancer development and may provide a mechanistic link between smoking and gene expression changes leading to cancer development or progression. METHODS: Using a cancer-focused array, we examined methylation at 933 CpGs in 517 invasive breast tumors in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study to determine whether methylation patterns differ by exposure to tobacco smoke...
March 8, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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