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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908433/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-association-between-providing-nicotine-replacement-therapy-at-admission-and-motivation-to-quit-and-nicotine-withdrawal-symptoms-during-an-inpatient-psychiatric-hospitalization
#1
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Yazan D Al-Mrayat, Charles I Shelton, Milan Khara
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients have high tobacco use prevalence, dependence, and withdrawal severity. A tobacco-free psychiatric hospitalization necessitates the management of nicotine withdrawal (NW) for tobacco using patients. NW management often requires the provision of approved nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) to patients, which may also motivate tobacco users towards cessation. However, few studies have examined the associations between providing NRT, motivation to quit, and NW among psychiatric patients...
June 7, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907557/effective-behavioral-changes-through-a-digital-mhealth-app-exploring-the-impact-of-hedonic-well-being-psychological-empowerment-and-inspiration
#2
Yuting Lin, Carina Tudor-Sfetea, Sarim Siddiqui, Yusuf Sherwani, Maroof Ahmed, Andreas B Eisingerich
BACKGROUND: New mobile health (mHealth) software apps are emerging and are providing the foundation to radically transform the practice and reach of medical research and care. For this study we collaborated with Quit Genius, a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) based mHealth app that helps users quit smoking, to explore the effective design of a digital mHealth app; one that delivers important benefits to its users and helps them change their behaviors for a healthier lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: The specific aims of this study were to (1) explore the key role of CBT program progress, (2) examine the gamification design app elements that deliver significant benefits (ie, empowerment, well-being, inspiration) to users, (3) explore the effectiveness of these app elements to help users quit smoking or reduce the number of cigarettes smoked, and (4) identify and describe any potential drivers and hindrances arising from the app design elements...
June 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905013/electronic-cigarette-use-patterns-and-reasons-for-use-among-smokers-recently-diagnosed-with-cancer
#3
Sara Kalkhoran, Gina R Kruse, Nancy A Rigotti, Julia Rabin, Jamie S Ostroff, Elyse R Park
Many patients with cancer use electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), yet little is known about patterns and reasons for use. Using cross-sectional baseline data from a randomized controlled trial, we aimed to describe prevalence and correlates of e-cigarette use, frequency of use, and reasons for use among smokers recently diagnosed with cancer. Participants (n = 302) included adults (age ≥18 years) recently diagnosed with varied cancer types who smoked ≥1 cigarette within the past 30-d from two US academic medical centers...
June 14, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904368/number-of-cigarettes-smoked-per-day-smoking-index-and-intracranial-aneurysm-rupture-a-case-control-study
#4
Xin Feng, Zenghui Qian, Baorui Zhang, Erkang Guo, Luyao Wang, Peng Liu, Xiaolong Wen, Wenjuan Xu, Chuhan Jiang, Youxiang Li, Zhongxue Wu, Aihua Liu
Background and purpose: We aimed to investigate the effect of smoking on the risk of intracranial aneurysm (IA) rupture (IAR), specifically relationship between the number of cigarettes smoked per day (CPD) or smoking index and the risk of IAR. Methods: We performed a single-center case-control study of consecutive patients evaluated or treated for IA at our institution from June 2015 to July 2016. Cases were patients with a ruptured IA. Two age- and sex-matched controls with an unruptured IA were included per case...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903568/smoking-cessation-for-smokers-not-ready-to-quit-meta-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Ayesha Ali, Cameron M Kaplan, Karen J Derefinko, Robert C Klesges
CONTEXT: To provide a systematic review and cost-effectiveness analysis on smoking interventions targeting smokers not ready to quit, a population that makes up approximately 32% of current smokers. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Twenty-two studies on pharmacological, behavioral, and combination smoking-cessation interventions targeting smokers not ready to quit (defined as those who reported they were not ready to quit at the time of the study) published between 2000 and 2017 were analyzed...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903220/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-low-body-weight-among-45-years-old-and-over-residents-in-general-rural-areas-in-2010-2012-in-china
#6
Qingqing Man, Shaojie Pang, Hui Wang, Yuqian Li, Lixiang Li, Jingzhong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To know the prevalence of low body weight among middleaged and elderly people in general rural areas of China and investigate the influence factors. METHODS: A total of 25 464 participants who were 45 years old and above from2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance as subjects to investigate the prevalence of low body weight. For 545 low body weight participants, we performed a1∶ 2 case-control study to investigate the influence factors...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902984/support-for-a-point-of-sale-cigarette-display-ban-among-smokers-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-itc-netherlands-survey
#7
Dirk-Jan A van Mourik, Math J J M Candel, Gera E Nagelhout, Marc C Willemsen, Geoffrey T Fong, Karin Hummel, Bas van den Putte, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Displaying tobacco products at point-of-sale (PoS) has become an important marketing strategy for the tobacco industry. This study was designed to (1) examine how support for a PoS cigarette display ban changed among Dutch smokers between 2010 and 2015 and (2) identify the variables that predict support among smokers for a PoS cigarette display ban. METHODS: Longitudinal data from six annual survey waves (2010-2015) from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey were analyzed...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902928/associations-between-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-nicotine-dependence-and-smoking-cessation-attempts-among-adult-tobacco-users-with-a-psychiatric-disorder
#8
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Sarret Seng
INTRODUCTION: Secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) is predictive of greater nicotine dependence (ND) and poor smoking cessation (SC) outcomes. SHSe and its impact on ND and SC attempts in people with psychiatric disorders (PD) remain poorly understood. Hence, the objectives of this study were to (1) quantify SHSe, (2) examine the association of SHSe with ND, and (3) assess the association between SHSe and SC among tobacco users with PD. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey of 118 tobacco users in an inpatient psychiatric facility was conducted...
January 1, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902683/anthropometric-and-body-composition-changes-in-smokers-vs-abstainers-following-an-exercise-aided-pharmacotherapy-smoking-cessation-trial-for-women
#9
Harry Prapavessis, Stefanie De Jesus, Lyndsay Fitzgeorge, Scott Rollo
INTRODUCTION: Post-cessation weight gain contributes to smoking relapse, especially for women. Furthermore, excess weight in the form of android or visceral fat is associated with metabolic health problems. For this study, a secondary analysis was conducted in 2015 to determine whether quitting status, achieved through a 14 week supervised exercise-aided nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) cessation program [Getting Physical on Cigarette Trial-2009 to 2013; Prapavessis, et al., 2016], affects anthropometric and body composition parameters in female smokers (N = 413, M age = 42...
June 7, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902305/nondaily-smokers-changes-in-cigarette-consumption-with-very-low-nicotine-content-cigarettes-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#10
Saul Shiffman, Brenda F Kurland, Sarah M Scholl, Jason M Mao
Importance: The US Food and Drug Administration is considering limiting cigarettes to very low nicotine levels. Cigarette consumption of nondaily intermittent smokers (ITS), who compose one-third of US adult smokers, could feasibly increase or could be unaffected if their smoking is not motivated by nicotine seeking. Objective: To compare cigarette consumption in ITS receiving very low-nicotine-content cigarettes (VLNCCs) or identical normal-nicotine-content cigarettes (NNCCs)...
June 14, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900919/assessing-the-nicotine-content-of-smoked-and-smokeless-forms-of-tobacco-available-in-bhopal
#11
H V Amith, Deepali Agrawal, Abhishek Gupta, Tarani Prakash Shrivastava, Bharathi M Purohit, Garima Bhambhani
Context: Abuse of tobacco, such as drug and alcohol abuse, is a worldwide public health problem. Once a person is addicted to nicotine, quitting smoking is difficult. A measure of the addictive potential of tobacco products is the amount of nicotine available from them. The present study is an attempt to assess the nicotine content of tobacco products available in Bhopal. Aims: This study aims to assess the nicotine content of some popular brands of smoked (cigarettes and bidis) and chewed forms (pan masalas containing tobacco) of tobacco available in Bhopal...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899061/effects-on-abstinence-of-nicotine-patch-treatment-before-quitting-smoking-parallel-two-arm-pragmatic-randomised-trial
#12
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a nicotine patch worn for four weeks before a quit attempt. DESIGN: Randomised controlled open label trial. SETTING: Primary care and smoking cessation clinics in England, 2012-15. PARTICIPANTS: 1792 adults who were daily smokers with tobacco dependence. 899 were allocated to the preloading arm and 893 to the control arm. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomised 1:1, using concealed randomly permuted blocks stratified by centre, to either standard smoking cessation pharmacotherapy and behavioural support or the same treatment supplemented by four weeks of 21 mg nicotine patch use before quitting: "preloading...
June 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896800/medicaid-incentives-for-preventing-chronic-disease-effects-of-financial-incentives-for-smoking-cessation
#13
Allison Witman, Joseph Acquah, Maria Alva, Thomas Hoerger, Melissa Romaire
OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of financial incentives for smoking cessation in the Medicaid population. DATA SOURCES: Secondary data from the Medicaid Incentives for Prevention of Chronic Disease (MIPCD) program and Medicaid claims/encounter data from 2010 to 2015 for five states. STUDY DESIGN: Beneficiaries were randomized into receipt or no receipt of financial incentives. We ran multivariate regression models testing the impact of financial incentives on the use of counseling services, smoking behavior, and Medicaid expenditures and utilization...
June 12, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895740/kids-safe-and-smokefree-kiss-multilevel-intervention-to-reduce-child-tobacco-smoke-exposure-long-term-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Stephen J Lepore, Bradley N Collins, Donna L Coffman, Jonathan P Winickoff, Uma S Nair, Beth Moughan, Tyra Bryant-Stephens, Daniel Taylor, David Fleece, Melissa Godfrey
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians following clinical practice guidelines for tobacco intervention (“Ask, Advise, and Refer” [AAR]) can motivate parents to reduce child tobacco smoke exposure (TSE). However, brief clinic interventions are unable to provide the more intensive, evidence-based behavioral treatments that facilitate the knowledge, skills, and confidence that parents need to both reduce child TSE and quit smoking. We hypothesized that a multilevel treatment model integrating pediatric clinic-level AAR with individual-level, telephone counseling would promote greater long-term (12-month) child TSE reduction and parent smoking cessation than clinic-level AAR alone...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895653/effectiveness-of-the-gold-standard-programme-gsp-for-smoking-cessation-on-smokers-with-and-without-a-severe-mental-disorder-a-danish-cohort-study
#15
Mette Rasmussen, Mads Klinge, Jesper Krogh, Merete Nordentoft, Hanne Tønnesen
OBJECTIVES: We compared the effectiveness of an intensive smoking cessation intervention among smokers with and without a severe mental disorder (SMD) and identified factors associated with successful quitting. The main hypothesis was that smokers with an SMD would be less likely to stay continuously smoke-free for 6 months. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: In all, 302 smoking cessation clinics in Denmark from municipal clinics, pharmacies, hospitals, midwives, primary care facilities and other private providers who reported data to the national Danish Smoking Cessation Database from 2006 to 2016 participated in this study...
June 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895280/effectiveness-of-motivational-interviewing-health-education-and-brief-advice-in-a-population-of-smokers-who-are-not-ready-to-quit
#16
Majid Bani-Yaghoub, Abdellatif Elhomani, Delwyn Catley
BACKGROUND: Motivational Interviewing (MI), Brief Advice (BA) and Health Education (HE) are established smoking cessation induction methods for smokers with low desire to quit. Although randomized controlled trials (RCT's) have been frequently used to assess these interventions the temporal efficacy and effectiveness of these interventions have been poorly elaborated. The present work endeavors to fill the gap by considering the full range of possible motivational outcomes for all of the participants...
June 13, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894733/modeling-the-impact-of-changes-in-tobacco-use-on-individual-disease-risks
#17
S Djurdjevic, Z Sponsiello-Wang, P N Lee, J S Fry, R Weitkunat, F Lüdicke, G Baker
Reduced Risk Products (RRPs) do not burn tobacco and produce lower levels of toxicants than in cigarette smoke. The long-term effects of using RRPs on health are difficult to assess in a pre-market setting and a modeling approach is required to quantify harm reduction. The Population Health Impact Model (Weitkunat et al., 2015) follows a hypothetical population of individuals over time, creating their tobacco use histories and, based on these, estimating relative and absolute risks of lung cancer, ischemic heart disease, stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
June 9, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894597/trends-in-illicit-drug-use-among-smokers-and-nonsmokers-in-the-united-states-2002-2014
#18
Scott J Moeller, David S Fink, Misato Gbedemah, Deborah S Hasin, Sandro Galea, Michael J Zvolensky, Renee D Goodwin
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking has declined in the United States. Still, identifying prevalent and modifiable barriers to quitting can help inform the next steps for tobacco control. Illicit drug use, which may be increasingly common in the United States, could be one such factor. We investigated the relationship between past-month illicit drug use and cigarette smoking status and estimated trends in the prevalence of past-month illicit drug use by cigarette smoking status from 2002 to 2014 in the United States...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892704/comparing-harm-beliefs-and-risk-perceptions-among-young-adult-waterpipe-tobacco-smokers-and-nonsmokers-implications-for-cessation-and-prevention
#19
Isaac M Lipkus, Darren Mays
Introduction: Very little is known about how waterpipe tobacco smokers and nonsmokers compare on harm beliefs about waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) and how these beliefs are related to risk appraisals and intentions to engage in WTS. We investigated these issues among young adult waterpipe tobacco smokers, susceptible nonsmokers, and non-susceptible nonsmokers. Methods: Young adults ages 18 to 30 who smoked waterpipe tobacco during the last 30 days or never used waterpipe tobacco were recruited online through Turkprime...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891957/impact-of-nicotine-replacement-therapy-as-an-adjunct-to-anti-tuberculosis-treatment-and-behaviour-change-counselling-in-newly-diagnosed-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-an-open-label-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Surendra Kumar Sharma, Alladi Mohan, Achintya Dinesh Singh, Hridesh Mishra, Sonali Jhanjee, Ravindra Mohan Pandey, Binit Kumar Singh, Rohini Sharma, Prakash Babu Pallipamu, Madhukar Pai, Keertan Dheda
We evaluated the impact of intensive smoking cessation activities as an adjunct to anti-tuberculosis treatment on patient-related treatment outcomes. In this open-label, randomised controlled trial, self-reporting smokers with pulmonary tuberculosis who initiated standard anti-tuberculosis treatment were randomised to either nicotine replacement therapy and behaviour change counselling (n = 400) or counselling alone (n = 400) provided at baseline and two follow-up visits. The primary outcomes were change in TBscore at 24-weeks and culture conversion at 8-weeks...
June 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
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