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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662931/ulcerative-colitis-are-we-neglecting-its-progressive-character
#1
Paulo Massinha, Francisco Portela, Sara Campos, Gabriela Duque, Manuela Ferreira, Sofia Mendes, Ana Margarida Ferreira, Carlos Sofia, Luís Tomé
Introduction: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic disease but its progressive character, with structural damage, is insufficiently studied. Objectives: To analyze a group of patients without referral bias, regarding its clinical course, the morphological damage, and functional status. Methods: We evaluated UC patients diagnosed between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2004, living in the direct referral area of the hospital and determined the medication use, colectomy rate, structural damage ("lead pipe," stenosis, pseudopolyps, fibrous bridges), and anorectal function (prospective evaluation with the Cleveland Clinic Incontinence Score [CCIS] and the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale)...
March 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659377/anorectal-complications-in-patients-with-haematological-malignancies
#2
Rafaela V Loureiro, Verónica P Borges, Ana L Tomé, Carlos F Bernardes, Mário J Silva, Maria J Bettencourt
BACKGROUND: Anorectal complications are common in patients with haematological malignancies. OBJECTIVES: The objectives are to characterize anorectal complications in these patients, identify risk factors and shed light on treatment, morbidity and mortality rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational study that included 83 inpatients with haematological malignancies and proctological symptoms from January 2010 to September 2015 was conducted...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653440/long-term-outcome-after-dynamic-graciloplasty-for-treatment-of-persistent-fecal-incontinence-in-patients-with-anorectal-malformations
#3
Johan Danielson, Urban Karlbom, Tomas Wester, Wilhelm Graf
PURPOSE:  Dynamic graciloplasty (DGP) has been used to treat severe fecal incontinence since the 1980s. Previous studies have shown an inferior outcome in patients with anorectal malformations (ARMs). Our experience has been that DGP has been appreciated by ARM -patients. The objective of the study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of DGP in our patients with ARM compared with patients with other underlying conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Twenty-three patients operated with DGP at our institution from 1996 to 2010 were sent validated bowel function and quality of life questionnaires...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652729/anorectal-manometry-may-reduce-the-number-of-rectal-suction-biopsy-procedures-needed-to-diagnose-hirschsprung-s-disease
#4
Rob J Meinds, Monika Trzpis, Paul M A Broens
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether anorectal manometry (ARM), which is used to test the rectoanal inhibitory reflex (RAIR), is a safe alternative for reducing the number of invasive rectal suction biopsy (RSB) procedures needed to diagnose Hirschsprung's disease (HD). METHODS: Between 2010 and 2017, we prospectively collected the ARM results of 105 patients suspected of having HD. Following the outcome, the patients either underwent additional tests to confirm HD or they were treated conservatively...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644039/giant-anorectal-condyloma-acuminatum-of-buschke-l%C3%A3-wenstein-presents-difficult-management-decisions
#5
Hyunyoung G Kim, Jennifer E Kesey, John A Griswold
Condyloma acuminata, or anogenital warts, caused by human papillomavirus are the most common sexually transmitted disease. In rare cases, the disease could progress to an extensive neoplasm called Buschke-Löwenstein tumor (BLT), also known as giant condyloma acuminatum. BLT differs from normal condyloma acuminata by presenting with locally invasive growth, lack of spontaneous resolution, tendency for recurrence after treatment and potential for malignant transformation. We examine a BLT case reaching large dimensions in the anorectal region treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy and surgical excision of residual lesions...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642980/suprapubic-midline-extraperitoneal-approach-for-widespread-retroperitoneal-abscess-originating-from-anorectal-abscess
#6
Oktay Aydin, Faruk Pehlivanlı, Gökhan Karaca, Gülçin Aydın, İsmail Özler, Çağatay Daphan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629723/comparison-between-the-pouch-perineum-distance-in-neonates-with-a-low-type-anorectal-malformation-with-and-without-an-opened-fistula-pitfall-of-measuring-the-pouch-perineum-distance-on-sonography
#7
Takahiro Hosokawa, Hiroaki Takahashi, Yutaka Tanami, Yumiko Sato, Yujiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Kawashima, Mayumi Hosokawa, Eiji Oguma, Yoshitake Yamada
OBJECTIVE: An anorectal malformation (ARM) in neonates requires urgent surgery, with the type of surgery being dependent on the type of malformation (low, intermediate, or high). Distal rectal pouch and perineum (pouch-perineum) distance is reported to be useful for differentiating the type of ARM; however, the impact of an opened fistula on pouch-perineum distance is not well known. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference in pouch-perineum distance between neonates with a low-type ARM with and without an opened fistula...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628512/hot-news-sexually-transmitted-infections-on-the-rise-in-prep-users
#8
Pablo Barreiro
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with oral Truvada (tenofovir plus emtricitabine) is effective at preventing HIV infection in high-risk homosexual men. In the United States, PrEP was approved in 2012 and is reimbursed by Medicaid and the majority of private insurers. The situation is diverse and not uniform in the European Union, being PrEP more widely used in France than in the rest of countries. Concerns have been raised that PrEP use may be accompanied by the phenomena of risk compensation or behavioral disinhibition, whereby PrEP users' perception of decreased risk of HIV acquisition may lead them to engage in overall riskier sexual practices and increase their chances of acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (Blumenthal, et al...
January 2018: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618340/3d-high-resolution-anorectal-manometry-in-patients-with-perianal-fistulas-comparison-with-3d-anal-ultrasound
#9
Richelle J F Felt-Bersma, Maarten S Vlietstra, Paul F Vollebregt, Ingrid J M Han-Geurts, Vera Rempe-Sorm, Grietje J H Vander Mijnsbrugge, Charlotte B H Molenaar
BACKGROUND: Perianal fistula surgery can damage the anal sphincters which may cause faecal incontinence. By measuring regional pressures, 3D-HRAM potentially provides better guidance for surgical strategy in patients with perianal fistulas. The aim was to measure regional anal pressures with 3D-HRAM and to compare these with 3D-EUS findings in patients with perianal fistulas. METHODS: Consecutive patients with active perianal fistulas who underwent both 3D-EUS and 3D-HRAM at a clinic specialised in proctology were included...
April 4, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615284/external-beam-radiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumours-a-systematic-review
#10
D L Chan, R Thompson, M Lam, N Pavlakis, J Hallet, C Law, S Singh, S Myrehaug
AIMS: External beam radiotherapy (EBRT) is infrequently used to treat gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEPNETS), with little published data to date. We carried out a systematic review to assess the activity of EBRT for GEPNETS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Major databases were searched for papers including at least five patients treated with contemporary EBRT techniques. Eligible studies underwent dual independent review. The primary end points were response rate for lesions treated with definitive intent and recurrence-free survival for primary lesions treated with neoadjuvant or adjuvant intent...
March 31, 2018: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608959/clinical-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-221-consecutive-anorectal-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
J Lourtet Hascoet, M Dahoun, M Cohen, E Pommaret, B Pilmis, N Lemarchand, A Mizrahi, M Aubert, V de Parades, A Le Monnier
OBJECTIVES: Proctitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) are known as sexually transmitted infections (STI). This study describes their clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. METHODS: Between 01/2013-03/2015, all MSM consulting for proctitis at proctology Institute-Saint-Joseph's Hospital, Paris, were included. Demographic, past-medical history, STI status and medical treatment were collected. Detection of CT/NG was performed by Transcription-Mediated Amplification (TMA) and antimicrobial susceptibilities for Ng by agar diffusion method...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605261/reality-check-what-happens-when-patients-with-anorectal-malformations-grow-up-a-pilot-study-of-medical-care-transition-from-the-adult-patient-perspective
#12
Annelotte van der Bent, Eileen M Duggan, Laurie N Fishman, Belinda Hsi Dickie
BACKGROUND: There has been an increased focus on transition of pediatric and adolescent patients to adult centered care. For patients with rare and complex conditions, such as anorectal malformations (ARM), difficulties are compounded by the absence of structured transition protocols and lack of adult provider expertise. We sought to explore the actual experiences of adult patients with ARM and distinguish if there are factors that influence the ability to achieve satisfactory transition to adult centered medical care...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602552/screening-practices-and-associated-anomalies-in-infants-with-anorectal-malformations-results-from-the-midwest-pediatric-surgery-consortium
#13
Peter C Minneci, Rashmi S Kabre, Grace Z Mak, Devin R Halleran, Jennifer N Cooper, Amin Afrazi, Casey M Calkins, Cynthia D Downard, Peter Ehrlich, Jason Fraser, Samir K Gadepalli, Michael A Helmrath, Jonathan E Kohler, Rachel Landisch, Matthew P Landman, Constance Lee, Charles M Leys, Daniel L Lodwick, Rodrigo Mon, Beth McClure, Beth Rymeski, Jacqueline M Saito, Thomas T Sato, Shawn D St Peter, Richard Wood, Marc A Levitt, Katherine J Deans
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates screening practices and the incidence of associated anomalies in infants with anorectal malformations (ARM). METHODS: We performed a multi-institutional retrospective cohort study of children born between 2007 and 2011 who underwent surgery for ARM at 10 children's hospitals. ARM type was classified based on the location of the distal rectum, and all screening studies were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 506 patients, the most common ARM subtypes were perineal fistula (40...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600403/effect-of-subsequent-vaginal-delivery-on-bowel-symptoms-and-anorectal-function-in-women-who-sustained-a-previous-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury
#14
Polly A Jordan, Madhu Naidu, Ranee Thakar, Abdul H Sultan
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Our primary objective was to prospectively evaluate anorectal symptoms, anal manometry and endoanal ultrasound (EAUS) in women who followed the recommended mode of subsequent delivery following index obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIs) using our unit's standardised protocol. Our secondary objectives were to evaluate the role of internal anal sphincter defects and also to compare outcomes in a subgroup of symptomatic women with normal anorectal physiology...
March 29, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588075/surgical-management-of-functional-constipation-an-intermediate-report-of-a-new-approach-using-a-laparoscopic-sigmoid-resection-combined-with-malone-appendicostomy
#15
Alessandra Gasior, Carlos Reck, Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Karen A Diefenbach, Desalegn Yacob, Peter Lu, Karla Vaz, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marc A Levitt, Richard J Wood
INTRODUCTION: We previously reported our surgical technique for functional constipation for patients who have failed medical management using a novel collaborative approach with gastroenterology input, pre-operative contrast enema, colonic manometry, and laxative protocol combined with a laparoscopic colonic resection with Malone appendicostomy. Now we report our intermediate outcomes. METHODS: Patients who failed bowel management program for functional constipation were reviewed from 3/2014-2/2017...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581689/synchronous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-anorectum-and-proctosigmoid-a-case-report
#16
REVIEW
Y C Madhu
Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the rectum is extremely rare. Squamous cell carcinoma of the anorectum is a known entity evaluation and treatment protocols have been well defined. The occurrence of squamous cell carcinoma of rectosigmoid in concurrence with squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal is extremely rare and the first case to be reported in the literature. A 48-year-old male patient presented with difficulty in passing stools. The clinical examination, colonoscopy, and the histopathology revealed synchronous proctosigmoid and the anorectal neoplasm...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580698/application-of-hram-screening-and-lc-ms-ms-confirmation-of-active-pharmaceutical-ingredient-in-natural-herbal-supplements
#17
Jennifer P Pascali, Paolo Fais, Fabio Vaiano, Elisabetta Bertol
The growing market of herbal remedies worldwide could pose severe problems to consumers' health due to the possible presence of potentially harmful, undeclared synthetic substances or analogues of prescription drugs. The present work shows a simple but effective approach to unequivocally identify synthetic anorectic compounds in allegedly 'natural' herbal extracts, by exploiting liquid chromatography/time of flight (Q-TOF LC/MS) technology coupled to liquid chromatography/triple quadrupole (LC-MS/MS) confirmation and quantitation...
March 16, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577225/-progress-in-the-treatment-of-surgical-procedures-for-slow-transit-constipation
#18
Dong Wei
Slow transit constipation (STC) is the most common type of chronic constipation, and surgical treatment is one of the most important means for the treatment of slow transit constipation. With the introduction of the concept of STC and the normalization of STC treatment, development of surgical treatment in slow transit constipation is continuous, and the innovation of the operation method in slow transit constipation is continuous as well from partial colectomy, total colectomy (including ileorectal anastomosis, anorectal anastomosis and ileum bag anal canal anastomosis) to subtotal colectomy (including ileosigmoid colon anastomosis, isoperistaltic cecum rectal anastomosis and antiperistaltic cecum rectal anastomosis)...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577055/perianal-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-diagnosed-by-histological-study-of-anorectal-abscess-with-fistula
#19
Shir Li Jee, Hizami Amin-Tai, Nik Qisti Fathi, Mohd Faisal Jabar
Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma (PMA) is an oncologic rarity that poses a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for treating clinicians because there are few reported cases and an absence of definitive guidelines. We report a patient who had been treated with local surgery for recurrent perianal abscess with fistula for 3 years. Biopsy of the indurated tissue overlying his surgical scars revealed PMA. Neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed by abdominoperineal resection was planned to address the locally advanced disease and ongoing sepsis...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575432/efficacy-of-percutaneous-posterior-tibial-nerve-stimulation-for-the-management-of-fecal-incontinence-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#20
Santosh Sanagapalli, Laura Neilan, Jack Yu Tung Lo, Lavanya Anandan, Jorge Liwanag, Amanda Raeburn, Eleni Athanasakos, Natalia Zarate-Lopez, Anton Emmanuel
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence is a debilitating and highly prevalent problem among multiple sclerosis patients. Conservative therapies often fail to provide benefit. Posterior tibial nerve stimulation is a minimally invasive neuromodulatory therapy with proven efficacy for fecal incontinence in non-neurological settings. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of posterior tibial nerve stimulation in treating multiple sclerosis-related fecal incontinence. METHODS: Consecutive multiple sclerosis patients with fecal incontinence that had failed conservative therapy received posterior tibial nerve stimulation between 2012 and 2015...
March 25, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
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