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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440084/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-addictive-behaviors-among-russian-and-spanish-youth
#1
Jennifer Tsai, Jimi Huh, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Jose P Espada, María T Gonzálvez, Steve Sussman
Recently, an addiction matrix measure was assessed among U.S. former alternative high school youth. This presentation seeks to examine the generalizability of findings using this measure among Russian and Spanish high school adolescents. Latent class analysis was used to explore addiction subgroups among adolescents in Russia (average age = 16.27; n = 715) and Spain (average age = 14.9; n = 811). Last 30-day prevalence of one or more of 11 addictions reviewed in the previous work was the primary focus (i...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439243/relationships-between-behavioural-addictions-and-psychiatric-disorders-what-is-known-and-what-is-yet-to-be-learned
#2
Vladan Starcevic, Yasser Khazaal
This article provides a narrative review of the relationships between several behavioural addictions [pathological gambling, problematic Internet use (PIU), problematic online gaming, compulsive sexual behaviour disorder, compulsive buying, and exercise addiction] and psychiatric disorders. Associations between most behavioural addictions and depressive and anxiety disorders are strong and seem relatively non-specific. Strong links with substance use disorders may support the notion that some people are more prone to addictive behaviours, regardless of whether these involve substances or problematic activities...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438050/exploring-proxy-measures-of-mutuality-for-strategic-partnership-development-a-case-study
#3
Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Priscilla A Barnes, Catherine M Sherwood-Laughlin, Michael Reece, Sandy DeWeese, Carol Weiss Kennedy, Mary Ann Valenta
Partnerships between academic and clinical-based health organizations are becoming increasingly important in improving health outcomes. Mutuality is recognized as a vital component of these partnerships. If partnerships are to achieve mutuality, there is a need to define what it means to partnering organizations. Few studies have described the elements contributing to mutuality, particularly in new relationships between academic and clinical partners. This study seeks to identify how mutuality is expressed and to explore potential proxy measures of mutuality for an alliance consisting of a hospital system and a School of Public Health...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437691/midwifery-participatory-curriculum-development-transformation-through-active-partnership
#4
Mary Sidebotham, Caroline Walters, Janine Chipperfield, Jenny Gamble
Evolving knowledge and professional practice combined with advances in pedagogy and learning technology create challenges for accredited professional programs. Internationally a sparsity of literature exists around curriculum development for professional programs responsive to regulatory and societal drivers. This paper evaluates a participatory curriculum development framework, adapted from the community development sector, to determine its applicability to promote engagement and ownership during the development of a Bachelor of Midwifery curriculum at an Australian University...
April 15, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437250/ionizing-radiation-reduces-adam10-expression-in-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells-undergoing-stress-induced-senescence
#5
Lucinda S McRobb, Matthew J McKay, Jennifer R Gamble, Michael Grace, Vaughan Moutrie, Estevam D Santos, Vivienne S Lee, Zhenjun Zhao, Mark P Molloy, Marcus A Stoodley
Cellular senescence is associated with aging and is considered a potential contributor to age-associated neurodegenerative disease. Exposure to ionizing radiation increases the risk of developing premature neurovascular degeneration and dementia but also induces premature senescence. As cells of the cerebrovascular endothelium are particularly susceptible to radiation and play an important role in brain homeostasis, we investigated radiation-induced senescence in brain microvascular endothelial cells (EC). Using biotinylation to label surface proteins, streptavidin enrichment and proteomic analysis, we analyzed the surface proteome of stress-induced senescent EC in culture...
April 17, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436719/gambling-frequency-and-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-relation-to-problem-gambling-among-swedish-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#6
Charlotta Hellström, Philippe Wagner, Kent W Nilsson, Jerzy Leppert, Cecilia Åslund
AIM: To investigate the associations between gambling frequency, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, and problem gambling among adolescent boys and girls. One hypothesis was that adolescents with increased ADHD symptoms have a higher frequency of gambling compared to adolescents with fewer ADHD symptoms. METHOD: A population-based sample of adolescents (aged 15-18 years) completed a questionnaire on demographics, gambling habits, ADHD symptoms, and problematic gambling; 1412 adolescents (from 4440 sampled) with gambling experience were included in the final sample...
April 24, 2017: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435769/gambling-behavior-among-macau-college-and-university-students
#7
Sut Mei Kam, Irene Lai Kuen Wong, Ernest Moon Tong So, David Kin Cheong Un, Chris Hon Wa Chan
This survey investigated gambling behavior among Chinese students studying in Macau colleges and universities. It also aimed to examine the relationship between problem gambling, affect states and sensation seeking propensity. A convenience sample of 999 students (370 men, 629 women) filled a self-administered questionnaire consisted of the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) (Ferris and Wynne in The Canadian problem gambling index: User manual. Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, Toronto 2001a), the 8-item Brief Sensation Seeking Scale (BSSS-8) (Hoyle et al...
2017: Asian journal of gambling issues and public health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434673/factors-influencing-midwives-use-of-an-evidenced-based-normal-birth-guideline
#8
Jocelyn Toohill, Mary Sidebotham, Jennifer Gamble, Jennifer Fenwick, Debra K Creedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434199/repeated-evolution-of-digital-adhesion-in-geckos-a-reply-to-harrington-and-reeder
#9
Tony Gamble, Eli Greenbaum, Todd R Jackman, Anthony P Russell, Aaron M Bauer
We published a phylogenetic comparative analysis that found geckos had gained and lost adhesive toepads multiple times over their long evolutionary history (Gamble et al. 2012). This was consistent with decades of morphological studies showing geckos had evolved adhesive toepads on multiple occasions and that the morphology of geckos with ancestrally padless digits can be distinguished from secondarily padless forms. Recently, Harrington and Reeder (2017) reanalyzed data from Gamble et al. (2012) and found little support for the multiple origins hypothesis...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434054/patterns-of-gambling-activities-and-gambling-problems-among-italian-high-school-students-results-from-a-latent-class-analysis
#10
Nicola De Luigi, Dino Gibertoni, Emanuela Randon, Antonello E Scorcu
This study aims to provide an estimate of the prevalence of gambling among Italian adolescents and a description of their patterns of gambling activities (PGAs) using a latent class analysis on 13 different types of games. A nationwide sample of 10,959 Italian high school students was recruited in 2013. We assessed problem gambling using the South Oaks Gambling Screen: Revisited for Adolescent (SOGS-RA) scale. Approximately half (50.6%) of students reported gambling at least once in the previous year; 5.0% of them were problem gamblers and 9...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434053/chinese-beliefs-in-luck-are-linked-to-gambling-problems-via-strengthened-cognitive-biases-a-mediation-test
#11
Matthew S M Lim, Robert D Rogers
Problematic patterns of gambling and their harms are known to have culturally specific expressions. For ethnic Chinese people, patterns of superstitious belief in this community appear to be linked to the elevated rates of gambling-related harms; however, little is known about the mediating psychological mechanisms. To address this issue, we surveyed 333 Chinese gamblers residing internationally and used a mediation analysis to explore how gambling-related cognitive biases, gambling frequency and variety of gambling forms ('scope') mediate the association between beliefs in luck and gambling problems...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431113/proposing-a-health-promotion-framework-to-address-gambling-problems-in-australian-indigenous-communities
#12
Marisa Fogarty, Nicola Coalter, Ashley Gordon, Helen Breen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430836/test-retest-reliability-of-common-behavioral-decision-making-tasks
#13
Melissa T Buelow, Wesley R Barnhart
Objective: To examine test-retest reliability of common behavioral decision making tasks. Method: A total of 98 undergraduate students completed two administrations of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), Columbia Card Task (CCT), and Game of Dice Task (GDT), three weeks apart. Results: The BART, CCT, and GDT showed moderately strong correlations across time. On the IGT, no correlations were seen between Time 1 Trials 1-40 and Time 2 performance; however, weak correlations were observed between Time 1 Trials 41-100 and Time 2 performance...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429468/decision-making-in-obesity-without-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-iowa-gambling-task-performances
#14
REVIEW
J-Y Rotge, C Poitou, P Fossati, J Aron-Wisnewsky, J-M Oppert
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that obesity is associated with impairments in executive functions, such as deficits in decision-making, planning or problem solving, which might interfere with weight loss in obese individuals. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of decision-making abilities, as measured with the Iowa gambling task (IGT), in obesity without eating disorders. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify studies comparing IGT performances between groups of obese patients without eating disorders and groups of healthy control groups...
April 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425779/prevention-paradox-logic-and-problem-gambling-does-low-risk-gambling-impose-a-greater-burden-of-harm-than-high-risk-gambling
#15
Paul Delfabbro, Daniel King
Background and aims The aim of this paper is to examine the evidence and arguments in favor of prevention paradox (PP) logic in the context of problem gambling. Evidence from recent studies of gambling and the distribution of harm across lower and higher risk gamblers is reviewed to examine the contention that the absolute burden of harm is greater in low-risk (LR) gamblers than the problem gamblers. Methods The review examines a number of methodological and conceptual concerns about existing evidence in support of the PP...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425298/understanding-self-reported-difficulties-in-decision-making-by-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
Lydia Vella, Howard A Ring, Mike Rf Aitken, Peter C Watson, Alexander Presland, Isabel Ch Clare
Autobiographical accounts and a limited research literature suggest that adults with autism spectrum disorders can experience difficulties with decision-making. We examined whether some of the difficulties they describe correspond to quantifiable differences in decision-making when compared to adults in the general population. The participants (38 intellectually able adults with autism spectrum disorders and 40 neurotypical adults) were assessed on three tasks of decision-making (Iowa Gambling Task, Cambridge Gamble Task and Information Sampling Task), which quantified, respectively, decision-making performance and relative attention to negative and positive outcomes, speed and flexibility, and information sampling...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424568/teacher-awareness-and-attitudes-regarding-adolescent-risk-behaviours-a-sample-of-finnish-middle-and-high-school-teachers
#17
Sari Castrén, Caroline E Temcheff, Jeffrey Derevensky, Kim Josefsson, Hannu Alho, Anne H Salonen
Empirical evidence has shown that youth gamble on both regulated and unregulated games, despite legislative prohibitions. This study assesses middle and high school teachers' awareness and attitudes regarding adolescent gambling and other potentially high-risk behaviours in Finland. A convenience sample of teachers (N = 157) from 13 provinces participated in the survey. The results suggest that teachers in Finland were more knowledgeable of the age limits of other adolescent high-risk behaviours than the legal age for gambling...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424382/-near-miss-outcomes-in-gambling-games
#18
Zsuzsa Pecsenye, Gyozo Kurucz
BACKGROUND: Games of chance operate with an intermittent reinforcement schedule in which the number of games takes the player to win differ in each turn thus they can not predict when the next positive reinforcement arrives. The near miss outcome (close to winning but actually a losing outcome) can be interpreted as a secondary (built in) reinforcement within variable ratio reinforcement schedule that presumably contribute to the development and maintanance of gambling addiction. METHODS: The aim of this publication would be to introduce near miss outcomes and to summarize and critically analyze literature connected to this issue...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424144/expertise-and-infrastructure-capacity-impacts-acute-coronary-syndrome-outcomes
#19
Carolyn M Astley, Isuru Ranasinghe, David Brieger, Chris J Ellis, Julie Redfern, Tom Briffa, Bernadette Aliprandi-Costa, Tegwen Howell, Stephen G Bloomer, Greg Gamble, Andrea Driscoll, Karice K Hyun, Chris J Hammett, Derek P Chew
Objective Effective translation of evidence to practice may depend on systems of care characteristics within the health service. The present study evaluated associations between hospital expertise and infrastructure capacity and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) care as part of the SNAPSHOT ACS registry.Methods A survey collected hospital systems and process data and our analysis developed a score to assess hospital infrastructure and expertise capacity. Patient-level data from a registry of 4387 suspected ACS patients enrolled over a 2-week period were used and associations with guideline care and in-hospital and 6-, 12- and 18-month outcomes were measured...
April 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421669/misfortune-may-be-a-blessing-in-disguise-fairness-perception-and-emotion-modulate-decision-making
#20
Hong-Hsiang Liu, Yin-Dir Hwang, Ming H Hsieh, Yung-Fong Hsu, Wen-Sung Lai
Fairness perception and equality during social interactions frequently elicit affective arousal and affect decision making. By integrating the dictator game and a probabilistic gambling task, this study aimed to investigate the effects of a negative experience induced by perceived unfairness on decision making using behavioral, model fitting, and electrophysiological approaches. Participants were randomly assigned to the neutral, harsh, or kind groups, which consisted of various asset allocation scenarios to induce different levels of perceived unfairness...
April 19, 2017: Psychophysiology
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