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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340233/crustacean-amphipods-from-marsh-ponds-a-nutritious-feed-resource-with-potential-for-application-in-integrated-multi-trophic-aquaculture
#1
Pablo Jiménez-Prada, Ismael Hachero-Cruzado, Inmaculada Giráldez, Catalina Fernández-Diaz, César Vilas, José Pedro Cañavate, José Manuel Guerra-García
Coastal protection, nutrient cycling, erosion control, water purification, and carbon sequestration are ecosystem services provided by salt marshes. Additionally, salt ponds offer coastal breeding and a nursery habitat for fishes and they provide abundant invertebrates, such as amphipods, which are potentially useful as a resource in aquaculture. Fishmeal and fish oil are necessary food resources to support aquaculture of carnivorous species due to their omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFA)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336810/does-adjuvant-radiation-provide-any-survival-benefit-after-an-r1-resections-for-pancreatic-cancer
#2
Nicholas R Suss, Mark S Talamonti, Darren S Bryan, Chi-Hsiung Wang, Kristine M Kuchta, Susan J Stocker, David J Bentrem, Kevin K Roggin, David J Winchester, Robert Marsh, Richard A Prinz, Faris M Murad, Marshall S Baker
BACKGROUND: The benefit of adding external beam radiation to adjuvant chemotherapy in patients that have undergone a margin positive resection for early stage, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has not been determined definitively. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was queried to evaluate the utility of adjuvant radiation in patients with pathologic stage I-II pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent upfront pancreatoduodenectomy with a positive margin (margin positive resection) between 2004 and 2013...
January 11, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336774/altered-cortical-thickness-and-attentional-deficits-in-adolescent-girls-and-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#3
Laura A Berner, Mihaela Stefan, Seonjoo Lee, Zhishun Wang, Kate Terranova, Evelyn Attia, Rachel Marsh
BACKGROUND: Frontostriatal and frontoparietal abnormalities likely contribute to deficits in control and attentional processes in individuals with bulimia nervosa and to the persistence of dysregulated eating across development. This study assessed these processes and cortical thickness in a large sample of adolescent girls and women with bulimia nervosa compared with healthy controls. METHODS: We collected anatomical MRI data from adolescent girls and women (ages 12-38 yr) with full or subthreshold bulimia nervosa and age-matched healthy controls who also completed the Conners Continuous Performance Test-II (CPT-II)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330753/transfer-of-critically-ill-adults-assessing-the-need-for-training
#4
Ruth-Aoibheann O'Leary, Brian Marsh, Paul O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Transfer of critically ill patients within the hospital is commonly associated with adverse incidents, but, despite this, no standardised training exists on how to carry out this task. Very little information is published in the literature on the learning needs of staff undertaking these transfers, and this limits our ability to provide a focused and appropriate educational intervention. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the organisational, environmental and individual issues that increase risk to patients during intrahospital transport (IHT) and to explore the potential educational solutions to these issues as articulated by these practitioners...
January 12, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330518/spartina-alterniflora-invasion-affects-soil-carbon-in-a-c3-plant-dominated-tidal-marsh
#5
Min Wang, Qing Wang, Chenyan Sha, Jiakuan Chen
The carbon cycle is significantly affected by Spartina alterniflora invasion through its impact on blue carbon in many salt marshes. To determine the impacts on soil organic carbon (SOC), we studied the vertical and horizontal distribution of SOC. And stable carbon isotopes were used to explore the impact of the age of S. alterniflora invasion on SOC in Chongming Dongtan wetland located in the Yangtze River estuary, China. The results showed that the SOC concentration was higher in the S. alterniflora community than that in the native Phragmites australis community...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329233/dose-dependent-effects-of-randomized-intraduodenal-whey-protein-loads-on-glucose-gut-hormone-and-amino-acid-concentrations-in-healthy-older-and-younger-men
#6
Caroline Giezenaar, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh, Amy T Hutchison, Scott Standfield, Christine Feinle-Bisset, Michael Horowitz, Ian Chapman, Stijn Soenen
Protein-rich supplements are used widely for the prevention and management of malnutrition in older people. We have reported that healthy older, compared to younger, adults have less suppression of energy intake by whey-protein-effects on appetite-related hormones are unknown. The objective was to determine the effects of intraduodenally administered whey-protein on glucose, gut hormone, and amino acid concentrations, and their relation to subsequent ad libitum energy intake at a buffet meal, in healthy older and younger men...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324902/potential-impact-of-neonicotinoid-use-on-northern-bobwhite-colinus-virginianus-in-texas-a-historical-analysis
#7
Hannah M H Ertl, Miguel A Mora, Donald J Brightsmith, Jorge A Navarro-Alberto
The widespread use of neonicotinoid insecticides in recent years has led to increasing environmental concern, including impacts to avian populations. In Texas and across their range, Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) habitat frequently overlaps cultivated cropland protected by neonicotinoids. To address the effects of neonicotinoid use on bobwhites in Texas, we conducted a historical analysis from 1978-2012 in Texas' ecological regions using quail count data collected from North American Breeding Bird Survey and Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, and neonicotinoid use data from the U...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324791/sediment-biomarkers-elucidate-the-holocene-ontogeny-of-a-shallow-lake
#8
T E Arnold, W F Kenney, J H Curtis, T S Bianchi, M Brenner
We carried out geochemical analyses on a sediment core from Lake Harris, Florida (USA) to identify sources of organic matter to the sediment throughout the Holocene, and relate changes in those sources to shifts in past climate and environmental conditions. We hypothesized that the sources of organic matter changed in response to regional hydrologic shifts following de-glaciation, and to human population expansion in the state during the 20th century. Hydroclimate shifts in Florida were related to: 1) a steady rise in relative sea level and the fresh water table that began in the early Holocene, 2) wetland formation and expansion ca...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324469/parafibromin-deficient-hpt-jt-type-cdc73-mutated-parathyroid-tumors-demonstrate-distinctive-morphologic-features
#9
Anthony J Gill, Grace Lim, Veronica K Y Cheung, Juliana Andrici, Joanna L Perry-Keene, Julie Paik, Loretta Sioson, Adele Clarkson, Amy Sheen, Catherine Luxford, Marianne S Elston, Goswin Y Meyer-Rochow, M Teresa Nano, Schelto Kruijff, Anton F Engelsman, Mark Sywak, Stanley B Sidhu, Leigh W Delbridge, Bruce G Robinson, Deborah J Marsh, Christopher W Toon, Angela Chou, Roderick J Clifton-Bligh
The gene CDC73 (previously known as HRPT2) encodes the protein parafibromin. Biallelic mutation of CDC73 is strongly associated with malignancy in parathyroid tumors. Heterozygous germline mutations cause hyperparathyroidism jaw tumor syndrome,which is associated with a high life-time risk of parathyroid carcinoma. Therefore loss of parafibromin expression by immunohistochemistry may triage genetic testing for hyperparathyroidism jaw tumor syndrome and be associated with malignant behavior in atypical parathyroid tumors...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322687/abnormal-fronto-striatal-activation-as-a-marker-of-threshold-and-subthreshold-bulimia-nervosa
#10
Marilyn Cyr, Xiao Yang, Guillermo Horga, Rachel Marsh
This study aimed to determine whether functional disturbances in fronto-striatal control circuits characterize adolescents with Bulimia Nervosa (BN) spectrum eating disorders regardless of clinical severity. FMRI was used to assess conflict-related brain activations during performance of a Simon task in two samples of adolescents with BN symptoms compared with healthy adolescents. The BN samples differed in the severity of their clinical presentation, illness duration and age. Multi-voxel pattern analyses (MVPAs) based on machine learning were used to determine whether patterns of fronto-striatal activation characterized adolescents with BN spectrum disorders regardless of clinical severity, and whether accurate classification of less symptomatic adolescents (subthreshold BN; SBN) could be achieved based on patterns of activation in adolescents who met DSM5 criteria for BN...
January 10, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321677/recognition-by-host-nuclear-transport-proteins-drives-disorder-to-order-transition-in-hendra-virus-v
#11
Sarah C Atkinson, Michelle D Audsley, Kim G Lieu, Glenn A Marsh, David R Thomas, Steven M Heaton, Jason J Paxman, Kylie M Wagstaff, Ashley M Buckle, Gregory W Moseley, David A Jans, Natalie A Borg
Hendra virus (HeV) is a paramyxovirus that causes lethal disease in humans, for which no vaccine or antiviral agent is available. HeV V protein is central to pathogenesis through its ability to interact with cytoplasmic host proteins, playing key antiviral roles. Here we use immunoprecipitation, siRNA knockdown and confocal laser scanning microscopy to show that HeV V shuttles to and from the nucleus through specific host nuclear transporters. Spectroscopic and small angle X-ray scattering studies reveal HeV V undergoes a disorder-to-order transition upon binding to either importin α/β1 or exportin-1/Ran-GTP, dependent on the V N-terminus...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321034/diagnostic-and-prognostic-utility-of-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-implications-for-clinical-trials
#12
Prathap Kanagala, Adrian S H Cheng, Anvesha Singh, John McAdam, Anna-Marie Marsh, Jayanth R Arnold, Iain B Squire, Leong L Ng, Gerry P McCann
BACKGROUND: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a poorly characterized condition. We aimed to phenotype patients with HFpEF using multiparametric stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and to assess the relationship to clinical outcomes. METHODS: One hundred and fifty four patients (51% male, mean age 72 ± 10 years) with a diagnosis of HFpEF underwent transthoracic echocardiography and CMR during a single study visit. The CMR protocol comprised cine, stress/rest perfusion and late gadolinium enhancement imaging on a 3T scanner...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320506/thinking-of-me-self-focus-reduces-sharing-and-helping-in-seven-to-eight-year-olds
#13
Sandra Weltzien, Lauren E Marsh, Bruce Hood
By 7-to 8-years of age, most children readily adhere to prosocial norms aimed at benefiting others through giving up time and effort (helping) or resources (sharing). Two studies explored whether sharing and helping by 7-to 8-year olds (N = 180) could be influenced by priming children's attention on themselves or their friends through a semi-structured interview. Results revealed that self-priming led to reductions in both sharing and helping compared to friendship-priming or a control condition. These findings are considered as indicative of the fragile state of prosocial behaviours at this age that can be easily shifted towards more selfish biases by simple priming...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318674/a-simple-route-to-porous-graphene-from-carbon-nanodots-for-supercapacitor-applications
#14
Volker Strauss, Kris Marsh, Matthew D Kowal, Maher El-Kady, Richard B Kaner
A facile method to convert biomolecule-based carbon nanodots (CNDs) into high-surface-area 3D-graphene networks with excellent electrochemical properties is presented. Initially, CNDs are synthesized by microwave-assisted thermolysis of citric acid and urea according to previously published protocols. Next, the CNDs are annealed up to 400 °C in a tube furnace in an oxygen-free environment. Finally, films of the thermolyzed CNDs are converted into open porous 3D turbostratic graphene (3D-ts-graphene) networks by irradiation with an infrared laser...
January 10, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317157/laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-early-and-advanced-cirrhosis
#15
Rachel E Beard, Yisi Wang, Sidrah Khan, J Wallis Marsh, Allan Tsung, David A Geller
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma is well described in early cirrhosis. Less is known regarding outcomes with more advanced cirrhosis, and this study aimed to compare these groups. METHODS: A retrospective review of resections at a high-volume hepatobiliary center over a 15-year period was performed. Primary end-points were 30 and 90-day mortality. Secondary end-points included complications and survival. RESULTS: 80 early (Child's A) were compared to 26 advanced (20 Child's B and 6 Child's C) patients...
January 6, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316000/perspectives-of-rural-health-and-human-service-practitioners-following-suicide-prevention-training-programme-in-australia-a-thematic-analysis
#16
Martin Jones, Monika Ferguson, Sandra Walsh, Lee Martinez, Michael Marsh, Kathryn Cronin, Nicolas Procter
There are well-established training programmes available to support health and human services professionals working with people vulnerable to suicide. However, little is known about involving people with lived experience in the delivery of suicide prevention training with communities with increased rates of suicide. The aim of this paper was to report on a formative dialogical evaluation that explored the views of health and human services workers with regard to a suicide prevention training programme in regional (including rural and remote areas) South Australia which included meaningful involvement of a person with lived experience in the development and delivery of the training...
January 8, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315660/precision-and-bias-of-target-controlled-prolonged-propofol-infusion-for-general-anesthesia-and-sedation-in-neurosurgical-patients
#17
Andrea Cortegiani, Alessandra Pavan, Fabio Azzeri, Giuseppe Accurso, Filippo Vitale, Cesare Gregoretti
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship, precision, and bias of a propofol target-controlled infusion (TCI) system during prolonged infusion in neurosurgical patients. We retrospectively included patients undergoing general anesthesia for elective neurosurgical removal of brain tumors and postoperative sedation in the intensive care unit over a period of 3 months. TCI of propofol (Diprifusor - Marsh model) and remifentanil were used for general anesthesia and sedation. We compared propofol blood concentration (Cmeas ) measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy with predicted concentrations (Cpred ) by the TCI system at 40 minutes (T0), 2 hours (T1), and 4 hours (T2) and every 8 hours after starting the drug infusion and at the time of emergence from sedation...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306185/pre-stroke-employment-results-in-better-patient-reported-outcomes-after-minor-stroke-short-title-functional-outcomes-after-minor-stroke
#18
Elisabeth B Marsh, Erin Lawrence, Argye E Hillis, Karen Chen, Rebecca F Gottesman, Rafael H Llinas
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with "minor stroke" lack a dense hemiparesis or aphasia; however, commonly endorse persistent cognitive and motor problems despite low NIHSS scores. They also report problems with mood, energy, and the ability to think clearly that are less well characterized. Socioeconomic factors and stroke severity can influence patient-reported outcomes. In this study we explore patient-reported outcomes and the influence of these factors after minor stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients returning to clinic post-stroke with an NIHSS of ≤ 4 were administered a scale to quantify problems with daily activities and resulting functional burden, along with measures of fatigue and depression...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306166/shifts-in-soil-bacterial-and-archaeal-communities-during-freeze-thaw-cycles-in-a-seasonal-frozen-marsh-northeast-china
#19
Jiusheng Ren, Changchun Song, Aixin Hou, Yanyu Song, Xiaoyan Zhu, Grace Ann Cagle
Diurnal freeze-thaw cycles (FTCs) occur in the spring and autumn in boreal wetlands as soil temperatures rise above freezing during the day and fall below freezing at night. A surge in methane emissions from these systems is frequently documented during spring FTCs, accounting for a large portion of annual emissions. In boreal wetlands, methane is produced as a result of syntrophic microbial processes, mediated by a consortium of fermenting bacteria and methanogenic archaea. Further research is needed to determine whether FTCs enhance microbial metabolism related to methane production through the cryogenic decomposition of soil organic matter...
January 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304919/cranial-tumor-surgical-outcomes-at-a-high-volume-academic-referral-center
#20
Desmond A Brown, Benjamin T Himes, Brittny T Major, Benjamin F Mundell, Ravi Kumar, Bruce Kall, Fredric B Meyer, Michael J Link, Bruce E Pollock, John D Atkinson, Jamie J Van Gompel, W Richard Marsh, Giuseppe Lanzino, Mohamad Bydon, Ian F Parney
OBJECTIVE: To determine adverse event rates for adult cranial neuro-oncologic surgeries performed at a high-volume quaternary academic center and assess the impact of resident participation on perioperative complication rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All adult patients undergoing neurosurgical intervention for an intracranial neoplastic lesion between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, were included. Cases were categorized as biopsy, extra-axial/skull base, intra-axial, or transsphenoidal...
January 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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