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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820909/dose-of-physical-activity-physical-functioning-and-disability-risk-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#1
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820652/decreasing-stroke-code-to-ct-time-in-patients-presenting-with-stroke-symptoms
#2
Aleksandrs Kalnins, L Jake Mickelsen, Daisha Marsh, Christoph Zorich, Stephanie Casal, Waimei Amy Tai, Nirali Vora, Gennette Olalia, Max Wintermark, David B Larson
Guided quality improvement (QI) programs present an effective means to streamline stroke code to computed tomography (CT) times in a comprehensive stroke center. Applying QI methods and a multidisciplinary team approach may decrease the stroke code to CT time in non-prenotified emergency department (ED) patients presenting with symptoms of stroke. The aim of this project was to decrease this time for non-prenotified stroke code patients from a baseline mean of 20 minutes to one less than 15 minutes during an 18-week period by applying QI methods in the context of a structured QI program...
August 18, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818819/quantifying-human-movement-using-the-movn-smartphone-app-validation-and-field-study
#3
Ralph Maddison, Luke Gemming, Javier Monedero, Linda Bolger, Sarahjane Belton, Johann Issartel, Samantha Marsh, Artur Direito, Madeleine Solenhill, Jinfeng Zhao, Daniel John Exeter, Harshvardhan Vathsangam, Jonathan Charles Rawstorn
BACKGROUND: The use of embedded smartphone sensors offers opportunities to measure physical activity (PA) and human movement. Big data-which includes billions of digital traces-offers scientists a new lens to examine PA in fine-grained detail and allows us to track people's geocoded movement patterns to determine their interaction with the environment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the validity of the Movn smartphone app (Moving Analytics) for collecting PA and human movement data...
August 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817775/departure-from-a-spherically-symmetric-ground-state-in-a-system-with-a-half-filled-shell-the-case-example-of-berkelium-iv-iodate
#4
Mark A Silver, Samantha K Cary, Alejandro J Garza, Ryan E Baumbach, Alexandra A Arico, Gregory A Galmin, Kuan-Wen Chen, Jason A Johnson, Jamie C Wang, Ronald J Clark, Alexander Chemey, Teresa M Eaton, Matthew L Marsh, Kevin Seidler, Shane S Galley, Lambertus van de Burgt, Ashley L Gray, David E Hobart, Kenneth Hanson, Shelley M van Cleve, Frédéric Gendron, Jochen Autschbach, Gustavo E Scuseria, Laurent Maron, Manfred Speldrich, Paul Kögerler, Cristian Celis-Barros, Dayán Paéz-Hernandéz, Ramiro Arratia-Perez, Michael Ruf, Thomas E Albrecht-Schmitt
The reaction of 249Bk(OH)4 with iodate under hydrothermal conditions results in the formation of Bk(IO3)3 as the major product with trace amounts of Bk(IO3)4 also crystallizing from the reaction mixture. The structure of Bk(IO3)3 consists of nine-coordinate BkIII cations that are bridged by iodate anions to yield layers that are isomorphous with those found for AmIII, CfIII, and with lanthanides that possess similar ionic radii. Bk(IO3)4 was expected to adopt the same structure as M(IO3)4 (M = Ce, Np, Pu), but instead parallels the structural chemistry of the smaller ZrIV cation...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808030/oxytocin-enforced-norm-compliance-reduces-xenophobic-outgroup-rejection
#5
Nina Marsh, Dirk Scheele, Justin S Feinstein, Holger Gerhardt, Sabrina Strang, Wolfgang Maier, René Hurlemann
Never before have individuals had to adapt to social environments defined by such magnitudes of ethnic diversity and cultural differentiation. However, neurobiological evidence informing about strategies to reduce xenophobic sentiment and foster altruistic cooperation with outsiders is scarce. In a series of experiments settled in the context of the current refugee crisis, we tested the propensity of 183 Caucasian participants to make donations to people in need, half of whom were refugees (outgroup) and half of whom were natives (ingroup)...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806457/neurodevelopmental-disorders-caused-by-de-novo-variants-in-kcnb1-genotypes-and-phenotypes
#6
Carolien G F de Kovel, Steffen Syrbe, Eva H Brilstra, Nienke Verbeek, Bronwyn Kerr, Holly Dubbs, Allan Bayat, Sonal Desai, Sakkubai Naidu, Siddharth Srivastava, Hande Cagaylan, Uluc Yis, Carol Saunders, Martin Rook, Susanna Plugge, Hiltrud Muhle, Zaid Afawi, Karl-Martin Klein, Vijayakumar Jayaraman, Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan, Ethan Goldberg, Eric Marsh, Sudha Kessler, Christina Bergqvist, Laura K Conlin, Bryan L Krok, Isabelle Thiffault, Manuela Pendziwiat, Ingo Helbig, Tilman Polster, Ingo Borggraefe, Johannes R Lemke, Marie-José van den Boogaardt, Rikke S Møller, Bobby P C Koeleman
Importance: Knowing the range of symptoms seen in patients with a missense or loss-of-function variant in KCNB1 and how these symptoms correlate with the type of variant will help clinicians with diagnosis and prognosis when treating new patients. Objectives: To investigate the clinical spectrum associated with KCNB1 variants and the genotype-phenotype correlations. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study summarized the clinical and genetic information of patients with a presumed pathogenic variant in KCNB1...
August 14, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803231/in-potential-stroke-patients-on-warfarin-the-international-normalized-ratio-predicts-ischemia
#7
Cathy Cao, Ashley Martinelli, Brian Spoelhof, Rafael H Llinas, Elisabeth B Marsh
BACKGROUND: Stroke can occur in patients on warfarin despite anticoagulation. Patients with a low international normalized ratio (INR) should theoretically be at greater risk for ischemia than those who are therapeutic. Therefore, INR may be able to indicate whether new neurological deficits are more likely strokes or stroke mimics in patients on warfarin. This study evaluates the association and predictive value of INR in determining the likelihood of ischemia. METHODS: Patients were identified using the acute stroke registry at a Primary Stroke Center from January 2013 through December 2014...
August 11, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799216/device-measured-physical-activity-as-a-predictor-of-disability-in-mobility-limited-older-adults
#8
Robert T Mankowski, Stephen D Anton, Robert Axtell, Shyh-Huei Chen, Roger A Fielding, Nancy W Glynn, Fang-Chi Hsu, Abby C King, Andrew S Layne, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, Catrine Tudor-Locke, David E Conroy, Thomas W Buford
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and incidence of major mobility disability (MMD) and persistent MMD (PMMD) in older adults in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. DESIGN: Prospective cohort of individuals aged 65 and older undergoing structured PA intervention or health education. SETTING: The LIFE Study was a multicenter (eight sites) randomized controlled trial designed to compare the efficacy of a long-term structured PA intervention with that of a health education (HE) program in reducing the incidence of MMD in mobility-limited older adults...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797542/modulation-of-spartina-densiflora-plant-growth-and-metal-accumulation-upon-selective-inoculation-treatments-a-comparison-of-gram-negative-and-gram-positive-rhizobacteria
#9
Karina I Paredes-Páliz, Enrique Mateos-Naranjo, Bouchra Doukkali, Miguel A Caviedes, Susana Redondo-Gómez, Ignacio D Rodríguez-Llorente, Eloísa Pajuelo
Metal contamination of estuaries is a severe environmental problem, for which phytoremediation is gaining momentum. In particular, the associations between halophytes-autochthonous rhizobacteria have proven useful for metal phytostabilization in salt marshes. In this work, three bacterial strains (gram-negative and gram-positive) were used for Spartina densiflora inoculation. All three bacteria, particularly Pantoea strains, promoted plant growth and mitigated metal stress on polluted sediments, as revealed from functionality of the photosynthetic apparatus (PSII) and maintenance of nutrient balance...
August 8, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797308/coeliac-disease-in-infants-antibodies-to-deamidated-gliadin-peptide-come-first
#10
Michele Arigliani, Francesca Rech Morassutti, Martina Fabris, Paola Melli, Elio Tonutti, Paola Cogo
BACKGROUND: The onset of coeliac disease (CD) in the first year of life is uncommon and the diagnosis can be challenging due to the suboptimal sensitivity of tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTG) at this age and the many other possible causes of malabsorption in infants. Antibodies to deamidated gliadin peptides (anti-DGPs), especially IgG, may appear earlier than IgA anti-tTG in very young children with CD. CASE PRESENTATION: We report here on an 8-month-old child who was evaluated for failure to thrive, constipation and developmental delay...
August 10, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797143/evolution-of-wetland-in-honghe-national-nature-reserve-from-the-view-of-hydrogeology
#11
Xiancang Wu, Weihong Dong, Xueyu Lin, Yukai Liang, Ying Meng, Wei Xie
There is wide concern about the evolution of wetlands, an important component of the global ecosystem. The Honghe National Nature Reserve (HNNR) is an internationally important marsh wetland in China that is at risk of degradation. To gain an improved understanding of how the HNNR wetland developed from 1975 to 2014, typical years, including 1975, 1988, 1996, 2002 and 2014, were selected based on precipitation date. And land cover types of the different years were classified using TM images. The results showed that the wetland evolution mainly reflects transformations between the meadow and wetland land cover types...
August 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796807/modeling-vegetation-community-responses-to-sea-level-rise-on-barrier-island-systems-a-case-study-on-the-cape-canaveral-barrier-island-complex-florida-usa
#12
Tammy E Foster, Eric D Stolen, Carlton R Hall, Ronald Schaub, Brean W Duncan, Danny K Hunt, John H Drese
Society needs information about how vegetation communities in coastal regions will be impacted by hydrologic changes associated with climate change, particularly sea level rise. Due to anthropogenic influences which have significantly decreased natural coastal vegetation communities, it is important for us to understand how remaining natural communities will respond to sea level rise. The Cape Canaveral Barrier Island complex (CCBIC) on the east central coast of Florida is within one of the most biologically diverse estuarine systems in North America and has the largest number of threatened and endangered species on federal property in the contiguous United States...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794213/brachial-and-cerebrovascular-functions-are-enhanced-in-postmenopausal-women-after-ingestion-of-chocolate-with-a-high-concentration-of-cocoa
#13
Channa E Marsh, Howard H Carter, Kym J Guelfi, Kurt J Smith, Kerryn E Pike, Louise H Naylor, Daniel J Green
Background: Cocoa contains polyphenols that are thought to be beneficial for vascular health.Objective: We assessed the impact of chocolate containing distinct concentrations of cocoa on cerebrovascular function and cognition.Methods: Using a counterbalanced within-subject design, we compared the acute impact of consumption of energy-matched chocolate containing 80%, 35%, and 0% single-origin cacao on vascular endothelial function, cognition, and cerebrovascular function in 12 healthy postmenopausal women (mean ± SD age: 57...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792032/new-tools-for-atmospheric-chemistry-general-discussion
#14
Peter Alpert, Alexander Archibald, Stephen Arnold, Kirsti Ashworth, Steven Brown, Steven Campbell, Lucy J Carpenter, Hugh Coe, Jing Dou, Jacinta Edebeli, Barbara Finlayson-Pitts, Andrew Grantham, Jacqueline Hamilton, Meredith Hastings, Dwayne Heard, Gabriel Isaacman-VanWertz, Roderic Jones, Markus Kalberer, Astrid Kiendler-Scharr, Daniel Knopf, Jesse Kroll, Jos Lelieveld, Alastair Lewis, Eloise Marais, Aleksandra Marsh, Sarah Moller, Andreas Petzold, William Porter, A Ravishankara, Jonathan Reid, Andrew Rickard, Grazia Rovelli, Yinon Rudich, Craig Taatjes, Adam Vaughan, Andreas Wahner, Timothy J Wallington, Jonathan Williams, Paul Young, Alla Zelenyuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790190/landowner-behavior-can-determine-the-success-of-conservation-strategies-for-ecosystem-migration-under-sea-level-rise
#15
Christopher R Field, Ashley A Dayer, Chris S Elphick
The human aspects of conservation are often overlooked but will be critical for identifying strategies for biological conservation in the face of climate change. We surveyed the behavioral intentions of coastal landowners with respect to various conservation strategies aimed at facilitating ecosystem migration for tidal marshes. We found that several popular strategies, including conservation easements and increasing awareness of ecosystem services, may not interest enough landowners to allow marsh migration at the spatial scales needed to mitigate losses from sea-level rise...
August 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789702/development-of-novel-genic-microsatellite-markers-from-transcriptome-sequencing-in-sugar-maple-acer-saccharum-marsh
#16
Monica Harmon, Thomas Lane, Margaret Staton, Mark V Coggeshall, Teodora Best, Chien-Chih Chen, Haiying Liang, Nicole Zembower, Daniela I Drautz-Moses, Yap Zhei Hwee, Stephan C Schuster, Scott E Schlarbaum, John E Carlson, Oliver Gailing
BACKGROUND: Sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) is a hardwood tree species native to northeastern North America and economically valued for its wood and sap. Yet, few molecular genetic resources have been developed for this species to date. Microsatellite markers have been a useful tool in population genetics, e.g., to monitor genetic variation and to analyze gene flow patterns. The objective of this study is to develop a reference transcriptome and microsatellite markers in sugar maple...
August 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777983/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-bipolar-depression-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Wendy K Marsh, Jessica L Penny, Anthony J Rothschild
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar depression is difficult to treat. Vitamin D supplementation is well tolerated and may improve mood via its neurotransmitter synthesis regulation, nerve growth factor enhancement and antioxidant properties. Vitamin D adjunct reduces unipolar depression, but has not been tried in bipolar depression. METHODS: 18-70yos with DSM IV bipolar depression and Vitamin D deficiency (<30 ng/ml) were randomized in a controlled double blind trial of 5000IU Vitamin D3 po qday supplementation versus placebo for twelve weeks...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776968/nomenclature-for-factors-of-the-hla-system-update-april-2017
#18
S G E Marsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776967/nomenclature-for-factors-of-the-hla-system-update-may-2017
#19
S G E Marsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776966/nomenclature-for-factors-of-the-hla-system-update-june-2017
#20
S G E Marsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: HLA
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