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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822013/biomonitoring-of-chemicals-in-biota-of-two-wetland-protected-areas-exposed-to-different-levels-of-environmental-impact-results-of-the-previeni-project
#1
Cristiana Guerranti, Guido Perra, Eva Alessi, Davide Baroni, Dante Caserta, Donatella Caserta, Augusto De Sanctis, Emiliano Leonida Fanello, Cinzia La Rocca, Michela Mariottini, Monia Renzi, Sabrina Tait, Carlo Zaghi, Alberto Mantovani, Silvano Ettore Focardi
The PREVIENI project (funded by the Ministry of Environment) investigated the exposure to endocrine disrupters in samples of human population and environmental biota in Italy. The environmental biomonitoring considered two Italian WWF Oasis, with the aim to compare the presence and effects of endocrine disruptors in organisms from two protected natural areas, respectively, upstream and downstream a chemical emission site. Chemical analysis of pollutants' tissue levels was made on tissues from earthworm, barbell, trout, and coot, selected as bioindicator organisms...
August 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820093/sphingomonas-limnosediminicola-sp-nov-and-sphingomonas-palustris-sp-nov-isolated-from-freshwater-environments
#2
Ji Hee Lee, Dae In Kim, Han Na Choe, Soon Dong Lee, Chi Nam Seong
Two aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, gliding and yellow-pigmented bacteria, designated strains 03SUJ6T and WM95T were isolated from freshwater sediment of Juam reservoir and freshwater of Woopo wetland, Republic of Korea, respectively. Cells of the two strains are motile by gliding and catalase- and oxidase-positive. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between 03SUJ6T and WM95T was 97.7 %, but their DNA-DNA relatedness was 55.1 %. A maximum-likelihood phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that 03SUJ6T and WM95T each form independent lineages within the genus Sphingomonas...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819258/groundwater-nitrate-response-to-sustainable-nitrogen-management
#3
Birgitte Hansen, Lærke Thorling, Jörg Schullehner, Mette Termansen, Tommy Dalgaard
Throughout the world, nitrogen (N) losses from intensive agricultural production may end up as undesirably high concentrations of nitrate in groundwater with a long-term impact on groundwater quality. This has human and environmental health consequences, due to the use of groundwater as a drinking water resource, and causes eutrophication of groundwater-dependent ecosystems such as wetlands, rivers and near-coastal areas. At national scale, the measured nitrate concentrations and trends in Danish oxic groundwater in the last 70 years correlate well with the annual agricultural N surpluses...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819145/remote-sensing-of-seasonal-light-use-efficiency-in-temperate-bog-ecosystems
#4
R Tortini, N C Coops, Z Nesic, A Christen, S C Lee, T Hilker
Despite storing approximately half of the atmosphere's carbon, estimates of fluxes between wetlands and atmosphere under current and future climates are associated with large uncertainties, and it remains a challenge to determine human impacts on the net greenhouse gas balance of wetlands at the global scale. In this study we demonstrate that the relationship between photochemical reflectance index, derived from high spectral and temporal multi-angular observations, and vegetation light use efficiency was strong (r(2) = 0...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818547/contracting-infectious-diseases-in-sub-saharan-african-wetlands-a-question-of-use-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Carmen Anthonj, Andrea Rechenburg, Christoph Höser, Thomas Kistemann
Worldwide the pressure on water is increasing. In parts of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), natural wetlands constitute the only accessible water resources, providing water free of charge, agricultural potential and livelihoods in otherwise uninhabitable landscapes, which is why they are being used extensively. The degradation and contamination of water which result from the use of wetlands has the potential to spread disease-causing microorganisms and provide increased breeding habitats for disease vectors, Despite this importance, case studies are lacking and knowledge gaps remain about whether and how different kinds of wetland use influence the exposure to health risks and transmission of infectious diseases...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818519/decomposition-characteristics-of-three-different-kinds-of-aquatic-macrophytes-and-their-potential-application-as-carbon-resource-in-constructed-wetland
#6
Suqing Wu, Shengbing He, Weili Zhou, Jianya Gu, Jungchen Huang, Lei Gao, Xu Zhang
Decomposition of aquatic macrophytes usually generates significant influence on aquatic environment. Study on the aquatic macrophytes decomposition may help reusing the aquatic macrophytes litters, as well as controlling the water pollution caused by the decomposition process. This study verified that the decomposition processes of three different kinds of aquatic macrophytes (water hyacinth, hydrilla and cattail) could exert significant influences on water quality of the receiving water, including the change extent of pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), the contents of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus, etc...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815992/the-spatial-distribution-of-soil-organic-carbon-in-tidal-wetland-soils-of-the-continental-united-states
#7
Audra L Hinson, Rusty A Feagin, Marian Eriksson, Raymond G Najjar, Maria Herrmann, Thomas S Bianchi, Michael Kemp, Jack A Hutchings, Steve Crooks, Thomas Boutton
Tidal wetlands contain large reservoirs of carbon in their soils and can sequester carbon dioxide (CO2 ) at a greater rate per unit area than nearly any other ecosystem. The spatial distribution of this carbon influences climate and wetland policy. To assist with international accords such as the Paris Climate Agreement, national-level assessments such as the United States (U.S.) National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, and regional, state, local, and project-level evaluation of CO2 sequestration credits, we developed a geodatabase (CoBluCarb) and high-resolution maps of soil organic carbon (SOC) distribution by linking National Wetlands Inventory data with the U...
August 17, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812683/megafaunal-isotopes-reveal-role-of-increased-moisture-on-rangeland-during-late-pleistocene-extinctions
#8
M Timothy Rabanus-Wallace, Matthew J Wooller, Grant D Zazula, Elen Shute, A Hope Jahren, Pavel Kosintsev, James A Burns, James Breen, Bastien Llamas, Alan Cooper
The role of environmental change in the late Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions remains a key question, owing in part to uncertainty about landscape changes at continental scales. We investigated the influence of environmental changes on megaherbivores using bone collagen nitrogen isotopes (n = 684, 63 new) as a proxy for moisture levels in the rangelands that sustained late Pleistocene grazers. An increase in landscape moisture in Europe, Siberia and the Americas during the Last Glacial-Interglacial Transition (LGIT; ~25-10 kyr bp) directly affected megaherbivore ecology on four continents, and was associated with a key period of population decline and extinction...
April 18, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812555/phylogenetic-and-environmental-context-of-a-tournaisian-tetrapod-fauna
#9
Jennifer A Clack, Carys E Bennett, David K Carpenter, Sarah J Davies, Nicholas C Fraser, Timothy I Kearsey, John E A Marshall, David Millward, Benjamin K A Otoo, Emma J Reeves, Andrew J Ross, Marcello Ruta, Keturah Z Smithson, Timothy R Smithson, Stig A Walsh
The end-Devonian to mid-Mississippian time interval has long been known for its depauperate palaeontological record, especially for tetrapods. This interval encapsulates the time of increasing terrestriality among tetrapods, but only two Tournaisian localities previously produced tetrapod fossils. Here we describe five new Tournaisian tetrapods (Perittodus apsconditus, Koilops herma, Ossirarus kierani, Diploradus austiumensis and Aytonerpeton microps) from two localities in their environmental context...
December 5, 2016: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812288/effect-of-step-feeding-on-the-performance-of-lab-scale-columns-simulating-vertical-flow-horizontal-flow-constructed-wetlands
#10
Verónica Torrijos, Isabel Ruiz, Manuel Soto
The effect of step-feeding (untreated wastewater by-pass) on the performance of lab-scale columns simulating a hybrid vertical flow (VF)-horizontal flow (HF) constructed wetland (CW) system was studied. Step-feeding strategies have been adopted in several kinds of CW, but this is the first report about the use of step-feeding in VF + HF hybrid systems treating domestic wastewater. Applied loading rates were 7-11 g BOD5/m(2) day and 2.1-3.4 g TN/m(2) day (overall system). Removal efficiency reached 98% TSS and COD and 99% BOD5 on average, whilst a 50% by-pass improved TN removal from 31 to 50%...
August 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808543/exploiting-opportunistic-observations-to-estimate-changes-in-seasonal-site-use-an-example-with-wetland-birds
#11
Alejandro Ruete, Tomas Pärt, Åke Berg, Jonas Knape
Nonsystematically collected, a.k.a. opportunistic, species observations are accumulating at a high rate in biodiversity databases. Occupancy models have arisen as the main tool to reduce effects of limited knowledge about effort in analyses of opportunistic data. These models are generally using long closure periods (e.g., breeding season) for the estimation of probability of detection and occurrence. Here, we use the fact that multiple opportunistic observations in biodiversity databases may be available even within days (e...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808539/soil-conditioning-effects-of-phragmites-australis-on-native-wetland-plant-seedling-survival
#12
Ellen V Crocker, Eric B Nelson, Bernd Blossey
Interactions between introduced plants and soils they colonize are central to invasive species success in many systems. Belowground biotic and abiotic changes can influence the success of introduced species as well as their native competitors. All plants alter soil properties after colonization but, in the case of many invasive plant species, it is unclear whether the strength and direction of these soil conditioning effects are due to plant traits, plant origin, or local population characteristics and site conditions in the invaded range...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808325/phytoremediation-potential-of-acorus-calamus-in-soils-co-contaminated-with-cadmium-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons
#13
Nasreen Jeelani, Wen Yang, Lingqian Xu, Yajun Qiao, Shuqing An, Xin Leng
Phytoremediation is a promising technology for the remediation of sites co-contaminated with inorganic (heavy metal) and organic pollutants. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to investigate the independent and interactive effects of cadmium (Cd) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on the growth of the wetland plant Acorus calamus and its ability to uptake, accumulate, and remove pollutants from soils. Our results showed that growth and biomass of A. calamus were significantly influenced by the interaction of Cd and PAHs after 60 days of growth...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804808/enhanced-phosphorus-removal-in-intermittently-aerated-constructed-wetlands-filled-with-various-construction-wastes
#14
Xia Shi, Jinlin Fan, Jian Zhang, Youhao Shen
Phosphorus (P) loss by various pathways in constructed wetlands (CWs) is often variable. The effects of intermittent aeration and different construction waste substrates (gravel, red brick, fly-ash brick) on P processing using six batch-operated vertical flow constructed wetlands (VFCWs) were studied for decentralized domestic wastewater treatment. Average removal of total phosphorus (TP) in three aerated CWs was markedly higher (21.06, 24.83, and 27.02 mg m(-2) day(-1), respectively) than non-aerated CWs (10...
August 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803563/association-between-wetland-presence-and-incidence-of-salmonella-enterica-serotype-javiana-infections-in-selected-us-sites-2005-2011
#15
J Y Huang, M E Patrick, J Manners, A R Sapkota, K J Scherzinger, M Tobin-D'Angelo, O L Henao, D J Cole, A R Vieira
Salmonella causes an estimated 1·2 million illnesses annually in the USA. Salmonella enterica serotype Javiana (serotype Javiana) is the fourth most common serotype isolated from humans, with the majority of illnesses occurring in southeastern states. The percentage of wetland cover by wetland type and the average incidence rates of serotype Javiana infection in selected counties of the Foodborne Disease Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) were examined. This analysis explored the relationship between wetland environments and incidence in order to assess whether regional differences in environmental habitats may be associated with observed variations in incidence...
August 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801596/a-synthesis-of-soil-carbon-and-nitrogen-recovery-after-wetland-restoration-and-creation-in-the-united-states
#16
Lingfei Yu, Yao Huang, Feifei Sun, Wenjuan Sun
Wetland restoration and creation efforts have been widely attempted as a way to compensate for wetland losses and to recover wetland functions; however, to date, there has been no comprehensive evaluation of the efficacy of soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) content recovery at a regional scale. This meta-analysis synthesizes 48 articles to identify the general patterns of soil C and N change after wetland restoration and creation in the United States. Our results indicate that, after 11-20 years, soil C and N in restored and created wetlands are still significantly lower by 51...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801173/impacts-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-the-nutrient-removal-and-functional-bacterial-community-in-vertical-subsurface-flow-constructed-wetlands
#17
REVIEW
Juan Huang, Chong Cao, Chunni Yan, Jialiang Liu, Qian Hu, Wenzhu Guan
The widespread utilization of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in industrial and commercial products inevitably raises the release into wastewater. In this study, the influences of AgNPs (0, 50 and 200μg/L) on the performance and microbial community of CWs were evaluated. Compared with the control system (without AgNPs), the COD removal was not affected, whereas the TN, NH4(+)-N, and TP removals were evidently affected in presence of AgNPs, and the effects had a positive relation with AgNPs concentration. In addition, AgNPs were effectively removed from wastewater and mainly accumulated in the soil layer and plant tissues...
August 3, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800684/sediment-zn-release-during-post-drought-re-flooding-assessing-environmental-risk-to-hyalella-azteca-and-daphnia-magna
#18
Sara M Nedrich, G Allen Burton
Hydrologic variability exacerbated by climate change affects biogeochemical cycling in sediments through changes in pH, redox, and microbial activity. These alterations affect the lability and speciation of metals, such that toxicity may be observed in otherwise non-toxic sediments. In this study, we investigate the effects of drought and reflooding on metal bioavailability in sediments with low to moderate concentrations of Zn (18-270 mg kg(-1)). Sediments were collected from coastal wetlands in Michigan, dried (36-days) and re-inundated in lab microcosms...
August 7, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797901/plastic-and-other-microfibers-in-sediments-macroinvertebrates-and-shorebirds-from-three-intertidal-wetlands-of-southern-europe-and-west-africa
#19
Pedro M Lourenço, Catarina Serra-Gonçalves, Joana Lia Ferreira, Teresa Catry, José P Granadeiro
Microplastics are widespread in aquatic environments and can be ingested by a wide range of organisms. They can also be transferred along food webs. Estuaries and other tidal wetlands may be particularly prone to this type of pollution due to their particular hydrological characteristics and sewage input, but few studies have compared wetlands with different anthropogenic pressure. Furthermore, there is no information on microplastic transfer to secondary intertidal consumers such as shorebirds. We analysed intertidal sediments, macroinvertebrates and shorebirds, from three important wetlands along the Eastern Atlantic (Tejo estuary, Portugal; Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania and Bijagós archipelago, Guinea-Bissau), in order to evaluate the prevalence and transfer of microplastics along the intertidal food web...
August 7, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797899/the-uptake-of-mixed-pahs-and-pbdes-in-wastewater-by-mangrove-plants-under-different-tidal-flushing-regimes
#20
Na Pi, Yan Wu, Hao Wen Zhu, Yuk Shan Wong, Nora Fung Yee Tam
Wastewater often contains mixed toxic pollutants, and the contribution of plant uptake in constructed wetland treatment systems is affected by environmental conditions, particularly tidal flushing. In this study, the uptake of wastewater-borne pollutants, including a mixture of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) congeners, by two mangrove plant species, namely Excoecaria agallocha L. and Kandelia obovata Sheue, Liu & Yong, under different tidal flushing regimes was investigated...
August 7, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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