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Endometriosis lesions on the bladder

Nicola Berlanda, Edgardo Somigliana, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Laura Buggio, Dhouha Dridi, Paolo Vercellini
Deep endometriosis, occurring approximately in 1% of women of reproductive age, represents the most severe form of endometriosis. It causes severe pain in the vast majority of affected women and it can affect the bowel and the urinary tract. Hormonal treatment of deep endometriosis with progestins, such as norethindrone acetate or dienogest, or estroprogestins is effective in relieving pain in more than 90% of women at one year follow up. Progestins and estroprogestins can be safely administered in the long-term, may be not expensive and are usually well tolerated...
August 8, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Erica C Dun, Serena Wong, Nisha A Lakhi, Ceana H Nehzat
OBJECTIVE: To report the medical and surgical management of a rare case of recurrent moss-like endometriosis and associated hemorrhagic ascites. DESIGN: Video description of the case, demonstration of the surgical technique, discussion of the histology, and review of endometriosis-associated ascites. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A 26-year-old nulliparous woman of Nigerian heritage with recurrent hemorrhagic ascites due to endometriosis...
August 16, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Asish Gupta, Atul Bhatnagar, B N Seth, Arbinder Dang, Vineeta Gupta
Endometriosis is the ectopic presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Though on its own endometriosis is not a rare lesion, the involvement of the urinary tract is rare but with the bladder being the most commonly affected organ. Endometriosis is usually seen in females between the ages of 30-40 years and may occur due to fluctuating levels of oestrogen and progesterone. Clinically the patient maybe asymptomatic or show symptoms of dysmenorrhea, irregular or heavy periods, pain in the pelvic area, lower abdomen or in the back...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
M le Carpentier, B Merlot, V Bot Robin, C Rubod, P Collinet
OBJECTIVES: To compare robot-assisted laparoscopy (RL) and conventional laparoscopy (CL) in surgery for bladder endometriosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted between January 2007 and December 2013, including patients with bladder endometriosis receiving at least a partial cystectomy by RL or CL. The primary endpoint was the presence of a radiological recurrence at bladder level. RESULTS: We included 15 patients in the RL group and 22 in the CL group...
March 28, 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
David Soriano, Jerome Bouaziz, Shai Elizur, Mati Zolti, Raoul Orvieto, Daniel Seidman, Mordechai Goldenberg, Vered H Eisenberg
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproductive outcome (spontaneous and assisted conception rates) in women who underwent laparoscopic resection of bladder endometriosis. DESIGN: This was a retrospective, observational study analyzing prospectively recorded data (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: A tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Over a 9-year period, we identified 69 consecutive women with symptomatic pelvic endometriosis who underwent laparoscopic resection of bladder endometriosis at our center...
July 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Nucelio Lemos, Caroline Souza, Renato Moretti Marques, Gil Kamergorodsky, Eduardo Schor, Manoel J B C Girão
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the laparoscopic neuroanatomy of the autonomic nerves of the pelvis using the laparoscopic neuronavigation technique, as well as the technique for a nerve-sparing radical endometriosis surgery. DESIGN: Step-by-step explanation of the technique using videos and pictures (educational video) to demonstrate the anatomy of the intrapelvic bundles of the autonomic nerve system innervating the bladder, rectum, and pelvic floor. SETTING: Tertiary referral center...
November 2015: Fertility and Sterility
Claudia Tosti, Serena Pinzauti, Pietro Santulli, Charles Chapron, Felice Petraglia
Endometriosis is a benign gynecologic disease, affecting women of reproductive age associated with chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and infertility. Ovarian endometrioma (OMA), superficial peritoneal endometriosis (SPE), and deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) are, till now, recognized as major phenotypes. The discussion is to know whether they share the same pathogenetic mechanisms. Till today, DIE is recognized as the most severe clinical form of endometriosis and has a complex clinical management...
September 2015: Reproductive Sciences
Andrew D Chung, Nicola Schieda, Trevor A Flood, Ilias Cagiannos, Ania Z Kielar, Matthew D F McInnes, Evan S Siegelman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present a contemporary review of the imaging appearance of diseases which affect the deeper layers of the urinary bladder, including both suburothelial and extrinsic pathologies, using radiologic-pathologic correlation. CONCLUSION: Compared to the more common urothelial lesions, at cystoscopy, suburothelial and extrinsic diseases of the urinary bladder wall often have a non-specific appearance or may be occult. Cross-sectional imaging, in particular MRI, plays an integral role in diagnosis...
October 2015: Abdominal Imaging
William Kondo, Reitan Ribeiro, Monica Tessmann Zomer, Renata Hayashi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the technique of laparoscopic double discoid resection with a circular stapler for bowel endometriosis. DESIGN: Case report (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Private hospital in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. PATIENT: A 33-year-old woman was referred to our service complaining about cyclic dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and cyclic dyschezia. Transvaginal ultrasound with bowel preparation showed a 6-cm endometriotic nodule at the retrocervical area, uterosacral ligaments, posterior vaginal fornix, and anterior rectal wall, infiltrating up to the submucosa, 5 cm far from the anal verge...
September 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Mayumi Takeuchi, Kenji Matsuzaki, Masafumi Harada
PURPOSE: Extra-ovarian endometriosis (EOE) usually appears as solid masses mimicking neoplasms both clinically and radiologically. Detection of blood products within a lesion may be suggestive of its endometriotic nature. We present a descriptive study of MR imaging findings that include susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) for patients with EOE. METHODS: Eight pathologically proven EOE (3 bowel, 2 bladder and 3 abdominal wall) were evaluated. Fat-saturated T1-weighted images (fsT1WI) and SWI were obtained using 1...
October 2015: Abdominal Imaging
Sara M Lenherr, Erin C Crosby, Anne P Cameron
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Cystoscopy is frequently performed by gynecologists to ensure ureteral patency and to prevent bladder injury when performing concomitant gynecological procedures. Generally, there are no additional findings on cystoscopy; however, when abnormalities arise, they may require either observation or intervention. Our aim was to create a visual library of benign, malignant, and foreign-body pathological conditions incidentally encountered on cystoscopy. METHOD: Cystoscopic findings were videotaped at the time of routine surgical care...
June 2015: International Urogynecology Journal
V Di Paola, R Manfredi, F Castelli, R Negrelli, S Mehrabi, R Pozzi Mucelli
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of ENZIAN score, as detected on MR imaging, compared to surgical-pathologic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the investigational review board and the requirement for informed patient consent was waived. 115 patients were included according to following criteria: tubo-ovarian and/or deep endometriosis suspected at physical examination and transvaginal ultrasound; availability of MR examination; histopathological results from laparoscopic or surgical treatment...
April 2015: European Journal of Radiology
S Sillou, S Poirée, A E Millischer, C Chapron, O Hélénon
OBJECTIVES: The goals of the study were to describe the MR imaging features of endometriosis of the urinary tract and identify those that suggest intrinsic involvement of ureteric wall. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five women with proven urinary tract endometriosis and who had preoperative MR imaging between 2001 and 2011 were included retrospectively. MR images were intrepreted by one junior and one senior radiologists. To characterize the intrinsic parietal involvement, the ureteric circumference involved by the lesion of endometriosis was noted...
April 2015: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Vulliemoz N, Meuwly J Y, Jichlinski P, Hahnloser D, Achtari C
Endometriosis is a frequent, benign, chronic disease associated with pain and/or infertility. Classically the lesions are found on the pelvic peritoneum, ovary (endometrioma), rectovaginal septum and bladder. Management of endometrioma has evolved over the last few years to individualised treatment. Indeed endometrioma cystectomy can decrease pain and the risk of recurrence but is also associated with a decrease in ovarian reserve. A multi-disciplinary team should manage recto-vaginal or bladder endometriosis...
October 22, 2014: Revue Médicale Suisse
Cyrielle Thonnon, Charles-André Philip, Hakim Fassi-Fehri, Christian Bisch, Agnès Coulon, Pierre de Saint-Hilaire, Gil Dubernard
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound with color Doppler in the diagnosis of bladder endometriosis compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cystoscopy. DESIGN: Canadian Task Force classification II-3. SETTING: Department of gynecology and obstetrics of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Eight women who reported urinary tract symptoms suggestive of bladder endometriosis between May 2012 and November 2013...
March 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Paula Casasayas-Carles, Isabel Fuentes-Marquez, Fernando Tarrasa-Sagristá, Carlos Gutiérrez Sanz-Gadea
OBJECTIVE: We report three new cases of müllerianosis of the urinary bladder. METHODS: We present three cases of women in the third decade of life, two of them presenting hematuria and pelvic pain, and the third was referred to perform a recto-vaginal endometriosis surgical procedure. Diagnosis was made by ultrasound and cystoscopy in the first and second case, and by CT scan in the endometriosis case. RESULTS: Müllerianosis of the urinary bladder is described as the presence of müllerian remnants (endometrial, endosalpinx and endocervix) in the bladder wall...
November 2014: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Albert M Wolthuis, Christel Meuleman, Carla Tomassetti, Thomas D'Hooghe, Anthony de Buck van Overstraeten, André D'Hoore
Endometriosis is a gynecological condition that presents as endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus and induces a chronic inflammatory reaction. Up to 15% of women in their reproductive period are affected by this condition. Deep endometriosis is defined as endometriosis located more than 5 mm beneath the peritoneal surface. This type of endometriosis is mostly found on the uterosacral ligaments, inside the rectovaginal septum or vagina, in the rectosigmoid area, ovarian fossa, pelvic peritoneum, ureters, and bladder, causing a distortion of the pelvic anatomy...
November 14, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
A-E Millischer, L J Salomon, P Santulli, B Borghese, B Dousset, C Chapron
OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound scanning complement each other in screening for and diagnosis of endometriosis. Fusion imaging, also known as real-time virtual sonography, is a new technique that uses magnetic navigation and computer software for the synchronized display of real-time ultrasound and multiplanar reconstructed MR images. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility and ability of fusion imaging to assess the main anatomical sites of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) in patients with suspected active endometriosis...
July 2015: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Sofie Piessens, Martin Healey, Peter Maher, Jim Tsaltas, Luk Rombauts
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is complex, and preoperative diagnosis benefits both surgeon and patient. Studies in expert centres have reported high accuracy for transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) diagnosis of DIE. External validation of these findings has been limited, and no information is available on how quickly these skills can be acquired. The aim of this study was to measure the learning curve of DIE-TVUS and to identify the causes for inaccuracies in the diagnosis of bowel lesions and Pouch of Douglas (POD) obliteration...
October 2014: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Margaret Ann Fraser, Sugandha Agarwal, Innie Chen, Sukhbir Sony Singh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the sensitivity of routine trans vaginal ultrasound (TVUS) compared to expert-guided transvaginal ultrasound (ETVUS) for the diagnosis of endometriosis. METHODS: A retrospective chart review performed at a Canadian tertiary center specializing in the diagnosis and management of endometriosis. All cases with surgically confirmed endometriosis and an ETVUS completed at a single center were included for review and compared to routine TVUS performed for the same indication...
March 2015: Abdominal Imaging
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