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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906164/early-sigmoidoscopy-or-colonoscopy-is-associated-with-improved-hospital-outcomes-in-ulcerative-colitis-related-hospitalization
#1
Kenneth Obi, Alice Hinton, Lindsay Sobotka, Razvan Arsenescu, Somashekar G Krishna, Edward J Levine, Cheng Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Performing a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy is recommended for assessment of disease activity, excluding infection, and guiding medical treatment during ulcerative colitis (UC)-related hospitalizations. However, it is unknown whether the timing of endoscopy impacts clinical outcomes. The objective of our study was to determine the impact of timing of endoscopy on hospital outcomes in patients with UC-related hospitalizations. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2006-2013)...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899496/hormonal-contraception-and-risk-of-thromboembolism-in-women-with-diabetes
#2
Sarah H O'Brien, Terah Koch, Sara K Vesely, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate safety of hormonal contraception with regard to thromboembolic events in women with type 1 or 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used data from 2002-2011 in Clinformatics Data Mart to identify women in the U.S., 14-44 years of age, with an ICD-9-CM code for diabetes and a prescription for a diabetic medication or device. We examined contraceptive claims and compared time to thromboembolism (venous thrombosis, stroke, or myocardial infarction) among women with diabetes dispensed hormonal contraception using a modification of Cox regression to control for age, smoking, obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetic complications, and history of cancer; we excluded data for 3 months after women gave birth...
November 29, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891780/icd-10-based-expanded-code-set-for-use-in-cleft-lip-palate-research-and-surveillance
#3
Alexander C Allori, Janet D Cragan, Cynthia H Cassell, Jeffrey R Marcus
BACKGROUND: On October 1, 2015, the United States required use of the Clinical Modification of the International Classification of Diseases, 10(th) Revision (ICD-10-CM) for diagnostic coding. The ICD-10-CM code set is limited to gross categories for cleft lip and/or cleft palate (using only four of a possible seven characters). METHODS: Herein, a clinically useful expansion of the ICD-10-CM code set is proposed to improve the diagnostic accuracy necessary for individual clinical, research, and statistical projects that require it...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882837/determining-multiple-sclerosis-phenotype-from-electronic-medical-records
#4
Richard E Nelson, Jorie Butler, Joanne LaFleur, Kristin Knippenberg, Aaron W C Kamauu, Scott L DuVall
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS), a central nervous system disease in which nerve signals are disrupted by scarring and demyelination, is classified into phenotypes depending on the patterns of cognitive or physical impairment progression: relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), primary-progressive MS (PPMS), secondary-progressive MS (SPMS), or progressive-relapsing MS (PRMS). The phenotype is important in managing the disease and determining appropriate treatment. The ICD-9-CM code 340.0 is uninformative about MS phenotype, which increases the difficulty of studying the effects of phenotype on disease...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882833/evaluation-of-real-world-experience-with-tofacitinib-compared-with-adalimumab-etanercept-and-abatacept-in-ra-patients-with-1-previous-biologic-dmard-data-from-a-u-s-administrative-claims-database
#5
James Harnett, Robert Gerber, David Gruben, Andrew S Koenig, Connie Chen
BACKGROUND: Real-world data comparing tofacitinib with biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) are limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare characteristics, treatment patterns, and costs of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving tofacitinib versus the most common bDMARDs (adalimumab [ADA], etanercept [ETN], and abatacept [ABA]) following a single bDMARD in a U.S. administrative claims database. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis of patients aged ≥ 18 years with an RA diagnosis (ICD-9-CM codes 714...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882831/quantifying-differences-in-health-care-consumption-for-the-management-of-multiple-sclerosis-within-privately-and-publicly-insured-health-care-programs
#6
Terrie Livingston, Monica Fay, Ravi Iyer, Wendy Wells, Michael W Pill
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and debilitating disease of the central nervous system that affects more than 570,000 persons in the United States and 2.3 million worldwide. Since most individuals experience initial symptoms between the ages of 20 and 40 years, MS can have a significant effect on health care consumption, quality of life, productivity, and employment over the long-term disease course. Opportunities exist to better understand how benefit design and other nonclinical factors can affect health care delivery and associated costs...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873513/costs-attributable-to-overweight-and-obesity-in-working-asthma-patients-in-the-united-states
#7
Chongwon Chang, Seung Mi Lee, Byoung Whui Choi, Jong Hwa Song, Hee Song, Sujin Jung, Yoon Kyeong Bai, Haedong Park, Seungwon Jeung, Dong Churl Suh
PURPOSE: To estimate annual health care and productivity loss costs attributable to overweight or obesity in working asthmatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using the 2003-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) in the United States. Patients aged 18 to 64 years with asthma were identified via self-reported diagnosis, a Clinical Classification Code of 128, or a ICD-9-CM code of 493.xx. All-cause health care costs were estimated using a generalized linear model with a log function and a gamma distribution...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833899/development-and-validation-of-an-algorithm-to-identify-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-using-administrative-claims-data
#8
Nicole Princic, Chris Gregory, Tina Willson, Maya Mahue, Diana Felici, Winifred Werther, Gregory Lenhart, Kathleen A Foley
PURPOSE: The objective was to expand on prior work by developing and validating a new algorithm to identify multiple myeloma (MM) patients in administrative claims. METHODS: Two files were constructed to select MM cases from MarketScan Oncology Electronic Medical Records (EMR) and controls from the MarketScan Primary Care EMR during January 1, 2000-March 31, 2014. Patients were linked to MarketScan claims databases, and files were merged. Eligible cases were age ≥18, had a diagnosis and visit for MM in the Oncology EMR, and were continuously enrolled in claims for ≥90 days preceding and ≥30 days after diagnosis...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822048/analysis-of-treatment-patterns-and-persistence-on-branded-and-generic-medications-in-major-depressive-disorder-using-retrospective-claims-data
#9
Caitlyn T Solem, Ahmed Shelbaya, Yin Wan, Chinmay G Deshpande, Jose Alvir, Elizabeth Pappadopulos
BACKGROUND: In major depressive disorder (MDD), treatment persistence is critical to optimize symptom remission, functional recovery, and health care costs. Desvenlafaxine tends to have fewer drug interactions and better tolerability than other MDD drugs; however, its use has not been assessed in the real world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to compare medication persistence and concomitant MDD drug use with branded desvenlafaxine (Pristiq(®)) compared with antidepressant drug groups classified as 1) branded selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs; ie, escitalopram [Lexapro™]) and selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs; ie, venlafaxine [Effexor(®)], duloxetine [Cymbalta(®)]) and 2) generic SSRIs/SNRIs (ie, escitalopram, citalopram, venlafaxine, fluvoxamine, fluoxetine, sertraline, paroxetine, and duloxetine)...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812365/shared-genetic-etiology-of-autoimmune-diseases-in-patients-from-a-biorepository-linked-to-de-identified-electronic-health-records
#10
Nicole A Restrepo, Mariusz Butkiewicz, Josephine A McGrath, Dana C Crawford
: Autoimmune diseases represent a significant medical burden affecting up to 5-8% of the U.S. POPULATION: While genetics is known to play a role, studies of common autoimmune diseases are complicated by phenotype heterogeneity, limited sample sizes, and a single disease approach. Here we performed a targeted genetic association study for cases of multiple sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and Crohn's disease (CD) to assess which common genetic variants contribute individually and pleiotropically to disease risk...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763703/performance-measures-of-diagnostic-codes-for-detecting-opioid-overdose-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Christopher Rowe, Eric Vittinghoff, Glenn-Milo Santos, Emily Behar, Caitlin Turner, Phillip Coffin
OBJECTIVES: Opioid overdose mortality has tripled in the USA since 2000 and opioids are responsible for more than half of all drug overdose deaths, which reached an all-time high in 2014. Opioid overdoses resulting in death, however, represent only a small fraction of all opioid overdose events and efforts to improve surveillance of this public health problem should include tracking nonfatal overdose events. International Classification of Disease (ICD) diagnosis codes, increasingly used for the surveillance of nonfatal drug overdose events, have not been rigorously assessed for validity in capturing overdose events...
October 20, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747799/prevalence-of-central-nervous-system-polypharmacy-and-associations-with-overdose-and-suicide-related-behaviors-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-war-veterans-in-va-care-2010-2011
#12
Garen A Collett, Kangwon Song, Carlos A Jaramillo, Jennifer S Potter, Erin P Finley, Mary Jo Pugh
BACKGROUND: The increase in the quantities of central nervous system (CNS)-acting medications prescribed has coincided with increases in overdose mortality, suicide-related behaviors, and unintentional deaths in military personnel deployed in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Data on the extent and impact of prescribing multiple CNS drugs among Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans (IAVs) are sparse. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify the characteristics of IAVs with CNS polypharmacy and examine the association of CNS polypharmacy with drug overdose and suicide-related behaviors controlling for known risk factors...
March 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737571/hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-newly-initiated-on-basal-insulin-in-the-us-in-a-community-setting-impact-on-treatment-discontinuation-and-hospitalization
#13
Mehul R Dalal, Mahmood R Kazemi, Fen Ye
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of 6-month hypoglycemia on treatment discontinuation and hospitalization of patients initiating basal insulin for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in real-world practice. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patient-level data using electronic medical records (EMR) in the Predictive Health Intelligence diabetes dataset. Data from adult patients with T2D initiating basal insulin glargine, insulin detemir, or Neutral Protamine Hagedorn insulin between January 2008 and March 2014 were analyzed...
October 14, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733957/factors-associated-with-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Jeffrey A Guy, Lisa M Knight, Yinding Wang, Jeanette M Jerrell
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries may be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom severity, comorbid psychiatric or medical conditions, and the prescribed psychostimulant. METHODS: A population-based, retrospective cohort design was employed using South Carolina's Medicaid claims data set covering outpatient and inpatient medical services and medication prescriptions over an 11-year period (January 1, 1996, through December 31, 2006) for patients ≤ 17 years of age with ≥ 2 visits for ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes for ADHD...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684821/patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-were-at-an-increased-risk-of-hospitalization-for-acute-diverticulitis
#15
Shen-Shong Chang, Nicole Huang, Hsiao-Yun Hu
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) show a high incidence of bacterial translocation and impaired gastrointestinal motility. The intestinal tract is believed to be the most crucial source of translocated bacteria. To evaluate the risk of colonic diverticulitis in patients with ESRD, we conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study. Patients who met the following 3 criteria were defined as patients with ESRD: patients diagnosed with ESRD who received regular hemodialysis between 2000 and 2005, patients who received hemodialysis for more than 90% of the time during the observation period (2000-2011), and patients with no prior history of hemodialysis between 1997 and 1999...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634305/is-modern-medical-management-changing-ultimate-patient-outcomes-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Quinton M Hatch, Rubina Ratnaparkhi, Alison Althans, Michael Keating, Ruel Neupane, Madhuri Nishtala, Eric K Johnson, Scott R Steele
BACKGROUND: The impact of modern medical management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on surgical necessity and outcomes remains unclear. We hypothesized that surgery rates have decreased while outcomes have worsened due to operating on "sicker" patients since the introduction of biologic medications. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample and ICD-9-CM codes were used to identify inpatient admissions for Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Trends in IBD nutrition, surgeries, and postoperative complications were determined...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613184/what-is-the-cost-of-non-response-to-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-hospitalizations-and-healthcare-utilization-in-the-crt-d-population
#17
Raffaele Corbisiero, David C Buck, David Muller, Rupinder Bharmi, Nirav Dalal, Pedram Kazemian
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment for heart failure (HF) with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and prolonged QRS interval. However, one third of patients do not benefit from treatment. This study compares the heart failure hospitalization (HFH) rates and corresponding costs between responders and non-responders to CRT. METHODS: At a single center in New Jersey, we enrolled patients with de novo CRT-D implants between January 2011 and July 2013...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612955/lyme-disease-surveillance-in-new-york-state-an-assessment-of-case-underreporting
#18
J White, C Noonan-Toly, G Lukacik, N Thomas, A Hinckley, S Hook, P B Backenson
Despite the mandatory nature of Lyme disease (LD) reporting in New York State (NYS), it is believed that only a fraction of the LD cases diagnosed annually are reported to public health authorities. Lack of complete LD case reporting generally stems from (i) lack of report of provider-diagnosed cases where supportive laboratory testing is not ordered or results are negative (i.e. provider underreporting) and (ii) incomplete case information (clinical laboratory reporting only with no accompanying clinical information) such that cases are considered 'suspect' and not included in national and statewide case counts (i...
September 10, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603385/celecoxib-and-sulfasalazine-had-negative-association-with-coronary-artery-diseases-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-nation-wide-population-based-case-control-study
#19
Li-Chih Wu, Pui-Ying Leong, Kai-Jieh Yeo, Ting-Yu Li, Yu-Hsun Wang, Jeng-Yuan Chiou, James Cheng-Chung Wei
The aim of the study is to assess the effects of celecoxib and sulfasalazine on the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).Using the claims data of Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) database, a nationally representative data that contain the medical records of 23 million Taiwan residents, we randomly selected 1 million cohort from the database, and then we enrolled only patients who were newly diagnosed with AS (n = 4829) between year 2001 and 2010, excluding patients who had CAD (ICD-9- CM codes: 410-414) before the diagnosis of AS (n = 4112)...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595426/on-label-and-off-label-prescribing-patterns-of-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-in-inpatient-hospital%C3%A2-settings-in-the-us-during-the-period-of%C3%A2-major%C3%A2-regulatory-changes
#20
Arpamas Seetasith, David Holdford, Anal Shah, Julie Patterson
BACKGROUND: A number of policy and labeling interventions aimed at reducing inappropriate prescribing of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) were implemented in the U.S. between 2006 and 2010. These interventions included the addition of an FDA Black Box Warning to ESA labeling, the implementation of a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy program, and the adoption of payment restrictions by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The impact of these safety interventions on different types of ESA prescribing (on-label, off-label; evidence-based, not evidence-based) has not been investigated in a single study...
August 3, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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