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Palm hyperhidrosis

Birgitta Bergendal, Johanna Norderyd, Xiaolei Zhou, Joakim Klar, Niklas Dahl
BACKGROUND: The WNT10A protein is critical for the development of ectodermal appendages. Variants in the WNT10A gene may be associated with a spectrum of ectodermal abnormalities including extensive tooth agenesis. METHODS: In seven patients with severe tooth agenesis we identified anomalies in primary dentition and additional ectodermal symptoms, and assessed WNT10A mutations by genetic analysis. RESULTS: Investigation of primary dentition revealed peg-shaped crowns of primary mandibular incisors and three individuals had agenesis of at least two primary teeth...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
J Y Al-Hashel, D Youssry, H M Rashaed, T Shamov, R T Rousseff
Objective assessment of the effect of botulinum toxin A (BT) treatment in primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PH) is attempted by different methods. We decided to use for this purpose sympathetic skin responses evoked by train of stimuli (TSSR). Twenty patients with severe PH (five female, median age 24, range 18-36) were examined regularly over 3 months after receiving 50 UI BT in each palm. TSSR were recorded from the palms after sensory stimulation by a train of three supramaximal electric pulses 3 millisecond apart...
July 2016: Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology
Y I Alihanoglu, B S Yildiz, I D Kilic, A Saricopur, M Oncu, I Buber, L Tasli, H Evrengul
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic hyperhidrosis (IH) is characterized by excessive and uncontrolled production of sweat, mainly localized to the soles, palms, axillae and craniofacial area. Although IH is a disease concerning the autonomic nervous system, it is not clear yet whether this dysfunction is local or systemic. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the autonomic control of cardiovascular system by measuring values of heart rate recovery (HRR) and systolic blood pressure recovery (SBPR) obtained at various time intervals after maximal graded exercise treadmill testing in patients with IH compared with controls...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Tomoko Fujimoto
Primary focal hyperhidrosis is a disease of unknown cause with profuse perspiration of local sites (head, face, palms, soles of feet, and axillae) that adversely affects daily life. Guidelines have been proposed in the USA [<citeref rid="ref1">1</citeref>], Canada [<citeref rid="ref2">2</citeref>], and Japan [<citeref rid="ref3">3</citeref>]. The symptoms impair quality of life, with significant negative effects on daily existence and personal relationships. The current goal in medical practice for patients with hyperhidrosis is to provide guidance and encourage coping skills for a normal daily life, as well as give appropriate advice regarding treatment options...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
Yuichiro Ohshima, Yasuhiko Tamada
Hyperhidrosis can be subdivided into generalized hyperhidrosis, with increased sweating over the entire body, and focal hyperhidrosis, in which the excessive sweating is restricted to specific parts of the body. Generalized hyperhidrosis may be either primary (idiopathic) or secondary. Secondary generalized hyperhidrosis may be caused by infections such as tuberculosis, hyperthyroidism, endocrine and metabolic disturbances such as pheochromocytoma, neurological disorders, or drugs. Focal hyperhidrosis may also be primary (idiopathic) or secondary...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
Trupti Surana, Bela Padhiar, Umesh Karia, Purna Pandya
Palmoplantarkeratodermas (PPKs) are a heterogeneous group of hereditary and acquired disorders with underlying gene defects, and characterized by hyperkeratosis of palms and soles with or without other ectodermal and systemic abnormalities. Huriez syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant transgradient type of PPK with high frequency of squamous cell carcinoma in the affected skin. We hereby describe a case of a very rare autosomal dominant PPK in a 40-year-old male patient presenting since birth with PPK extending onto the dorsal aspects of hands and feet with peeling of the skin...
July 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Jianfeng Chen, Quan Du, Min Lin, Jianbo Lin, Xu Li, Fancai Lai, Yuanrong Tu
OBJECTIVES: Transareolar single-port needlescopic thoracic sympathectomy under intravenous anesthesia without intubation has rarely been attempted in managing primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PPH). The objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of this minimally invasive technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2012 to May 2015, 168 male patients with severe PPH underwent single-port endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) and were randomly allocated to groups A or B...
December 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Jian-Feng Chen, Min Lin, Ping Chen, Du Quan, Xu Li, Fan-Cai Lai, Yuan-Rong Tu
BACKGROUND: Conventional endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) is usually performed with 5-mm thoracoscope under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. Needlescopic thoracic sympathectomy under total intravenous anesthesia without intubation has rarely been attempted. This randomized controlled trial assesses the feasibility and safety of this minimally invasive therapeutic procedure in managing primary palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS: From July 2012 to July 2014, 221 patients with severe primary palmar hyperhidrosis underwent bilateral ETS and were randomly allocated to group A or group B...
August 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
T Pene Dumitrescu, L L Santos, S C Hughes, A I Pereira, G C Young, E Hussey, P Charlton, S Baptiste-Brown, J S Stuart, V Vincent, S P van Marle, V D Schmith
Umeclidinium (UMEC), a long-acting muscarinic antagonist approved for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), was investigated for primary hyperhidrosis as topical therapy. This study evaluated the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of a single dose of [(14) C]UMEC applied to either unoccluded axilla (UA), occluded axilla (OA), or occluded palm (OP) of healthy males. After 8 h the formulation was removed. [(14) C]UMEC plasma concentrations (Cp) were quantified by accelerator mass spectrometry...
August 2016: Clinical and Translational Science
Anne Bruun Krøigård, Liv Eline Hetland, Ole Clemmensen, Diana C Blaydon, Jens Michael Hertz, Anette Bygum
BACKGROUND: An autosomal dominant form of diffuse non-epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma, palmoplantar keratoderma of Bothnian type, is caused by mutations in the AQP5 gene encoding the cell-membrane water channel protein aquaporin 5 leading to defective epidermal-water-barrier function in the epidermis of the palms and soles. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the first Danish family diagnosed with diffuse non-epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma of Bothnian type in which fourteen individuals are potentially affected...
2016: BMC Dermatology
Anne Bruun Krøigård, Ole Clemmensen, Hans Gjørup, Jens Michael Hertz, Anette Bygum
BACKGROUND: Odonto-onycho-dermal dysplasia (OODD) is a rare form of ectodermal dysplasia characterized by severe oligodontia, onychodysplasia, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, dry skin, hypotrichosis, and hyperhidrosis of the palms and soles. The ectodermal dysplasias resulting from biallelic mutations in the WNT10A gene result in highly variable phenotypes, ranging from isolated tooth agenesis to OODD and Schöpf-Schulz-Passarge syndrome (SSPS). CASE PRESENTATION: We identified a female patient, with consanguineous parents, who was clinically diagnosed with OODD...
March 10, 2016: BMC Dermatology
Christine Hosp, Markus K Naumann, Henning Hamm
Primary focal hyperhidrosis is a common autonomic disorder that significantly impacts quality of life. It is characterized by excessive sweating confined to circumscribed areas, such as the axillae, palms, soles, and face. Less frequent types of focal hyperhidrosis secondary to underlying causes include gustatory sweating in Frey's syndrome and compensatory sweating in Ross' syndrome and after sympathectomy. Approval of onabotulinumtoxinA for severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis in 2004 has revolutionized the treatment of this indication...
February 2016: Seminars in Neurology
Hongcan Shi, Yusheng Shu, Weiping Shi, Shichun Lu, Chao Sun
The objective of this study is to investigate the feasibility and safety of single-port microthoracoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy for the treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis. Between January 2008 and March 2013, 56 patients (36 male, 20 female; mean age 25.6 years, age range 16-39 years) underwent single-port microthoracoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy for palmar hyperhidrosis. Nineteen patients (33.9 %) had moderate palmar hyperhidrosis that could thoroughly wet a handkerchief, and 37 (66.1 %) had severe palmar hyperhidrosis with sweat dripping from the palm...
August 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
Dee Anna Glaser, Katherine Glaser
Primary hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) commonly affects the axillae, palms, soles, scalp, face, and the groin. Patients may have multiple areas involved making localized therapy challenging. Systemic therapy may be necessary and can be used as monotherapy or combined with other hyperhidrosis treatments for optimal outcomes. Systemic therapy can also be used to treat secondary hyperhidrosis and compensatory hyperhidrosis. Patient selection and counseling are key, and monitoring for side effects is required throughout therapy...
July 2015: Missouri Medicine
Moshe Hashmonai, Alan E P Cameron, Peter B Licht, Chris Hensman, Christoph H Schick
BACKGROUND: Thoracic sympathetic ablation was introduced over a century ago. While some of the early indications have become obsolete, new ones have emerged. Sympathetic ablation is being still performed for some odd indications thus prompting the present study, which reviews the evidence base for current practice. METHODS: The literature was reviewed using the PubMed/Medline Database, and pertinent articles regarding the indications for thoracic sympathectomy were retrieved and evaluated...
April 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Yanguo Liu, Hao Li, Xia Zheng, Xiao Li, Jianfeng Li, Guanchao Jiang, Jun Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between intraoperative palm temperature change and the curative effect of sympathicotomy. METHODS: 49 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis were treated with bilateral endoscopic sympathicotomy. Ipsilateral palm temperature was monitored before and at 3-5 min increments after the sympathetic trunk was transected. The maximum temperature elevation (Tmax) was calculated and used to evaluate the effect on postoperative cure rates...
2015: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Enzo Errichetti, Angelo Piccirillo
Aquagenic keratoderma (AK) is a rare acquired skin condition characterized by recurrent and transient white papules and plaques associated with a burning sensation, pain, pruritus and/or hyperhidrosis on the palms and more rarely, soles triggered by sweat or contact with water. Often AK cause significant discomfort, thus requiring an appropriate therapy. Topical aluminum-based products are the most commonly used medications, but they are not always effective. We report a case of AK unresponsive to topical 20% of aluminum chloride successfully treated with tap water iontophoresis...
March 2015: Indian Journal of Dermatology
A Bonhomme, A Barbaud, J-L Schmutz, A-C Bursztejn
BACKGROUND: Aquagenic palmoplantar keratoderma (APPK) is characterised by whitish oedematous papules, sometimes itchy or painful of rapid onset following immersion of the palms and/or soles in water. We report a case that was atypical in terms of the secondary appearance of persistent fine desquamation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 6-year-old girl presented with typical APPK, present for three months and characterised by swelling, skin wrinkling, hyperhidrosis and secondary desquamation of the palms and soles, and which occurred after bathing...
March 2015: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Lejla Paracka, Katja Kollewe, Reinhard Dengler, Dirk Dressler
Injection site pain (ISP) reduces compliance of botulinum toxin (BT) therapy considerably. We wanted to study whether nitrous oxide/oxygen (NOO, Livopan(®), Linde Gas Therapeutics, Unterschleißheim, Germany) can reduce ISP in patients receiving intracutaneous BT injections for axillary or palmar hyperhidrosis (HH). The study followed an open-label design comparing intraindividually ISP in both axillae and/or both palms when NOO was applied or not during BT injections. BT efficacy was measured by the Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale (HDSS) and by a 4-point Self-Assessment Scale...
September 2015: Journal of Neural Transmission
S D'Epiro, L Macaluso, M Salvi, C Luci, C Mattozzi, F Marzocca, V Salvo, M Scarnò, S Calvieri, A G Richetta
BACKGROUND: Hyperhidrosis is a condition characterized by generalized or localized hyperfunction of the eccrine sweat glands with a deep negative impact on patient's quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and the safety of Botulin Toxin A (BTX-A) intradermal injection in the treatment of primary axillary and palmar hyperhidrosis, investigating symptoms-free period, and the subjective improving of quality life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 consecutive patients with primary hyperhidrosis were evaluated detecting age, gender, hyperhidrosis onset period, disease duration and years of treatment with BTX-A, Minor's iodine test, Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale (HDSS), Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI)...
2014: La Clinica Terapeutica
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