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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889244/medicinal-uses-chemistry-and-pharmacology-of-dillenia-species-dilleniaceae
#1
REVIEW
Carla W Sabandar, Juriyati Jalil, Norizan Ahmat, Nor-Ashila Aladdin
The genus Dillenia is comprised of about 100 species of evergreen and deciduous trees or shrubs of disjunct distribution in the seasonal tropics of Madagascar through South and South East Asia, Malaysia, North Australia, and Fiji. Species from this genus have been widely used in medicinal folklore to treat cancers, wounds, jaundice, fever, cough, diabetes mellitus, and diarrhea as well as hair tonics. The plants of the genus also produce edible fruits and are cultivated as ornamental plants. Flavonoids, triterpenoids, and miscellaneous compounds have been identified in the genus...
November 23, 2016: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854529/maternal-age-at-childbirth-and-parity-as-predictors-of-longevity-among-women-in-the-united-states-the-women-s-health-initiative
#2
Aladdin H Shadyab, Margery L S Gass, Marcia L Stefanick, Molly E Waring, Caroline A Macera, Linda C Gallo, Richard A Shaffer, Sonia Jain, Andrea Z LaCroix
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of maternal age at childbirth and parity with survival to age 90 years (longevity). METHODS: We performed a prospective study among a multiethnic cohort of postmenopausal US women in the Women's Health Initiative recruited from 1993 to 1998 and followed through August 29, 2014. We adjusted associations with longevity for demographic, lifestyle, reproductive, and health-related characteristics. RESULTS: Among 20 248 women (mean age at baseline, 74...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803140/rate-of-comorbidities-in-giant-cell-arteritis-a-population-based-study
#3
Aladdin J Mohammad, Martin Englund, Carl Turesson, Gunnar Tomasson, Peter A Merkel
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rate of occurrence of comorbidities, including severe infections, in a population-based cohort of patients with biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis (GCA) with a reference population in Southern Sweden. METHODS: The study included a population-based cohort of biopsy-proven GCA cases diagnosed between 1998 and 2010 from the Skåne region in Southern Sweden (population: 1.2 million). For each patient, 4 reference subjects were identified from the general population and matched for age, sex, area of residence, and date of diagnosis of GCA...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777163/comparative-study-of-two-skin-incisions-for-microscopic-lumbar-discectomy
#4
Waeel Ossama Hamouda, Mohammed Aladdin, Sarah Abdulaziz Al-Muammar, Danya Mohammed Khalid Gari
BACKGROUND: Microscopic lumbar discectomy is a common, minimally invasive surgery. A transverse skin incision has sound theoretical cosmetic advantages in comparison to the classic vertical incision. OBJECTIVES: the study aimed to compare transverse and vertical skin incisions for microscopic discectomy regarding cosmetic outcome, postoperative pain and the provided surgical cutaneous inlet. MATERIALS & METHODS: Eighty-six patients were randomly enrolled prospectively in the study, divided among a vertical incision group (V group) and a transverse incision group (T group)...
October 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751912/bariatric-manipulation-of-gastric-arteries-a-systematic-review-on-the%C3%A2-potential-concept-for-treatment-of-obesity
#5
REVIEW
Saeed Shoar, Alan A Saber, Mohammaed Aladdin, Moataz M Bashah, Mohammed J AlKuwari, Mohamed Rizwan, Raul J Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Gastric artery embolization (GAE) has recently received attention as a minimally invasive intervention in bariatric setting. AIMS: The current systematic review aimed to gather and categorizes the existing data in the literature regarding bariatric gastric artery manipulation. This will highlight the importance of this potential concept as a therapeutic modality. METHODS: A PubMed/Medline search was conducted to identify animal and human studies investigating the effect of gastric artery manipulation on weight, ghrelin, obesity, and tissue adiposity...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741085/predictability-of-biometry-in-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery
#6
Nir Sorkin, Amir Rosenblatt, Irina S Barequet
PURPOSE: To compare measurements of axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), keratometry (K), and the refractive predictability of the Aladdin and IOLMaster biometry devices in cataract surgery patients. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of eyes undergoing cataract surgery. Data were retrieved on AL, ACD, and K measurements obtained by the Aladdin and the IOLMaster. Furthermore, the postoperative refractive prediction errors were compared between the devices...
December 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719662/the-importance-of-military-conscripts-for-surveillance-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-and-risk-behavior-in-thailand
#7
Aladdin Shadyab, Kenrad E Nelson, Ram Rangsin
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in Thailand was first recognized in 1988 among injection drug users (IDUs) in Bangkok. Soon thereafter, HIV infections were reported among female sex workers (FSWs) and men attending sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics. Routine serological surveillance for HIV began in 1991 among young men who were conscripted annually into the Royal Thai Army (RTA). The data from these populations provided a national population-based sample to determine sexual behaviors and HIV prevalence among sexually active young men...
October 6, 2016: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707806/replication-of-genome-wide-association-study-findings-of-longevity-in-white-african-american-and-hispanic-women-the-women-s-health-initiative
#8
Aladdin H Shadyab, Charles Kooperberg, Alexander P Reiner, Sonia Jain, JoAnn E Manson, Chancellor Hohensee, Caroline A Macera, Richard A Shaffer, Linda C Gallo, Andrea Z LaCroix
BACKGROUND: No study has evaluated whether genetic factors are associated with longevity in African Americans or Hispanics, and it is unclear whether genetic factors are associated with healthy aging. METHODS: In this prospective study, we determined whether 14 genetic variants previously associated with longevity in genome-wide association studies were associated with survival to ages 85 and 90 in 11,053 postmenopausal white, African American, and Hispanic women from the Women's Health Initiative...
October 5, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664702/axial-length-measurement-failure-rates-with-biometers-using-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-compared-to-partial-coherence-interferometry-and-optical-low-coherence-interferometry
#9
Colm McAlinden, Qinmei Wang, Rongrong Gao, Weiqi Zhao, Ayong Yu, Yu Li, Yan Guo, Jinhai Huang
PURPOSE: To compare a new swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) based biometer (OA-2000) with the IOLMaster v5.4 (partial coherence interferometry) and Aladdin (optical low-coherence interferometry) biometers in terms of axial length measurement and failure rate in eyes with cataract. DESIGN: Reliability study METHODS: A total of 377 eyes of 210 patients were scanned with the three biometers in a random order. For each biometer, the number of unobtainable axial length measurements was recorded and grouped as per the type and severity of cataract based on the Lens Opacities Classification System III by the same experienced ophthalmologist...
September 21, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570240/bevacizumab-and-interferon-reduce-venous-recanalization-following-sclerotherapy
#10
Ann M Kulungowski, Aladdin H Hassanein, Carolyn C Foster, Arin K Greene, Steven J Fishman
PURPOSE: The treatment of venous malformations is difficult because these lesions frequently recur after resection or sclerotherapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether recanalization of sclerosed venous lumens could be prevented with systemic angiogenic inhibition using bevacizumab or peginterferon alfa-2a. METHODS: To establish an animal model of recanalization of sclerosed facial veins, 18 rabbits had ethanol sclerotherapy of 1 facial vein followed by venography after 4weeks (n=6), 12weeks (n=6), and 24weeks (n=6)...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558589/the-effect-of-clinical-features-and-glucocorticoids-on-biopsy-findings-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#11
Karin Jakobsson, Lennart Jacobsson, Aladdin J Mohammad, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Kenneth Warrington, Eric L Matteson, Carl Turesson
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of baseline clinical characteristics and glucocorticoid treatment on temporal artery biopsy (TAB) findings in patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: Individuals who developed GCA after inclusion in two population-based health surveys were identified through linkage to the local and the national patient registers. In addition, other patients diagnosed with GCA at the Departments of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology at an area hospital were included...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554820/allergy-related-disease-in-relation-to-early-life-exposures-the-aladdin-birth-cohort
#12
Helena Marell Hesla, Fredrik Stenius, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson, Johan Alm
An anthroposophic lifestyle is associated with reduced risk of parent-reported food hypersensitivity and recurrent wheeze up to two years of age. Mediating factors for the risk reduction appear to be different for the two outcomes.
August 20, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504962/role-of-islamic-appraisals-trauma-related-appraisals-and-religious-coping-in-the-posttraumatic-adjustment-of-muslim-trauma-survivors
#13
Azi Berzengi, Latef Berzenji, Aladdin Kadim, Falah Mustafa, Laura Jobson
Objective: This research investigated the role of Islamic appraisals, trauma-related appraisals, and religious coping in Muslim trauma survivors. Method: We report 2 studies of Muslim trauma survivors with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) living in the United Kingdom (Study 1) and a sample of Muslim trauma survivors living in Northern Iraq (Study 2). In both studies participants completed the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, Brief Religious Coping Scale, Islamic Appraisal Questionnaire, and Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory in Arabic...
August 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471950/long-term-outcomes-of-children-with-transanal-endorectal-pull-through-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Basak Erginel, Feryal Gun Soysal, Erbug Keskin, Aladdin Celik, Secil Yüksel, Tansu Salman
INTRODUCTION: The transanal endorectal pull-through (TERPT) procedure, the latest advancement in the surgical treatment of Hirschsprung's disease, has replaced most other surgical techniques in the last decade. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between October 2002 and March 2014, a total of 22 patients diagnosed with Hirschsprung's disease underwent a one-stage TERPT operation. RESULTS: Resected segments included the rectosigmoid (seven patients), the descending colon (10 patients), and the transverse colon (five patients)...
July 29, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465713/ages-at-menarche-and-menopause-and-reproductive-lifespan-as-predictors-of-exceptional-longevity-in-women-the-women-s-health-initiative
#15
Aladdin H Shadyab, Caroline A Macera, Richard A Shaffer, Sonia Jain, Linda C Gallo, Margery L S Gass, Molly E Waring, Marcia L Stefanick, Andrea Z LaCroix
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between reproductive factors and survival to age 90 years. METHODS: This was a prospective study of postmenopausal women from the Women's Health Initiative recruited from 1993 to 1998 and followed until the last outcomes evaluation on August 29, 2014. Participants included 16,251 women born on or before August 29, 1924 for whom survival to age 90 during follow-up was ascertained. Women were classified as having survived to age 90 (exceptional longevity) or died before age 90...
July 25, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440277/intestinal-lymphangiectasia-insights-on-management-and-literature-review
#16
Mohamad J Alshikho, Joud M Talas, Salem I Noureldine, Saf Zazou, Aladdin Addas, Haitham Kurabi, Mahmoud Nasser
BACKGROUND Intestinal lymphangiectasia (IL) is a rare disease characterized by a dilatation of the intestinal lymphatics and loss of lymph fluid into the gastrointestinal tract leading to hypoproteinemia, edema, lymphocytopenia, hypogammaglobinemia, and immunological abnormalities. Iron, calcium, and other serum components (e.g., lipids, fat soluble vitamins) may also be depleted. A literature search revealed more than 200 reported cases of IL. Herein, we report our observations of a patient diagnosed with IL; we also present our conclusion for our review of the published literature...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402871/smoking-cessation-improves-crohn-s-disease-outcomes-regardless-of-the-use-of-anti-tnf-or-immunomodulator
#17
Rupert W Leong, Aladdin O Alswaifi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366351/investigation-the-efficiency-of-various-methods-of-volatile-oil-extraction-from-trichodesma-africanum-and-their-impact-on-the-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-activities
#18
Nidal Amin Jaradat, Abdel Naser Zaid, Aladdin Abuzant, Ramzi Shawahna
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an increasing interest in developing more efficient techniques for the extraction of phytochemicals. Microwaves and ultrasonic extraction methods are promising techniques that can be used for this purpose. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of different extraction methods on yield, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of volatile oil extracted from Trichodesma africanum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Volatile oil was extracted using microwave, ultrasonic, microwave-ultrasonic, and conventional hydrodistillation methods...
June 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257674/feasibility-of-quantifying-arterial-cerebral-blood-volume-using-multiphase-alternate-ascending-descending-directional-navigation-aladdin
#19
Ki Hwan Kim, Seung Hong Choi, Sung-Hong Park
Arterial cerebral blood volume (aCBV) is associated with many physiologic and pathologic conditions. Recently, multiphase balanced steady state free precession (bSSFP) readout was introduced to measure labeled blood signals in the arterial compartment, based on the fact that signal difference between labeled and unlabeled blood decreases with the number of RF pulses that is affected by blood velocity. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of a new 2D inter-slice bSSFP-based arterial spin labeling (ASL) technique termed, alternate ascending/descending directional navigation (ALADDIN), to quantify aCBV using multiphase acquisition in six healthy subjects...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255244/comparative-analysis-of-optical-biometers
#20
Francesco Sabatino, Oliver Findl, Vincenzo Maurino
PURPOSE: To evaluate the level of agreement, repeatability, and correlation of 2 optical biometers, the IOLMaster (based on partial coherence interferometry [PCI]) and Aladdin (based on optical low-coherence interferometry [OLCI]) in terms of axial length (AL), mean keratometry (K), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and corneal diameter. SETTING: Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Prospective comparative case series...
May 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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