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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664264/behavioural-changes-sharing-behaviour-and-psychological-responses-after-receiving-direct-to-consumer-genetic-test-results-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Kelly F J Stewart, Anke Wesselius, Maartje A C Schreurs, Annemie M W J Schols, Maurice P Zeegers
It has been hypothesised that direct-to-consumer genetic tests (DTC-GTs) could stimulate health behaviour change. However, genetic testing may also lead to anxiety and distress or unnecessarily burden the health care system. The aim is to review and meta-analyse the effects of DTC-GT on (1) behaviour change, (2) psychological response and (3) medical consumption. A systematic literature search was performed in three databases, using "direct-to-consumer genetic testing" as a key search term. Random effects meta-analyses were performed when at least two comparable outcomes were available...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629470/policy-lessons-from-health-taxes-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#2
Alexandra Wright, Katherine E Smith, Mark Hellowell
BACKGROUND: Taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been an important means of raising revenues for public spending in many countries but there is increasing interest in using taxes on these, and other unhealthy products, to achieve public health goals. We present a systematic review of the research on health taxes, and aim to generate insights into how such taxes can: (i) reduce consumption of targeted products and related harms; (ii) generate revenues for health objectives and distribute the tax burden across income groups in an efficient and equitable manner; and (iii) be made politically sustainable...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588992/introducing-rapid-tests-for-malaria-into-the-retail-sector-what-are-the-unintended-consequences
#3
Eleanor Hutchinson, Coll Hutchison, Sham Lal, Kristian Hansen, Miriam Kayendeke, Christine Nabirye, Pascal Magnussen, Siân E Clarke, Anthony Mbonye, Clare I R Chandler
The observation that many people in Africa seek care for febrile illness in the retail sector has led to a number of public health initiatives to try to improve the quality of care provided in these settings. The potential to support the introduction of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria (mRDTs) into drug shops is coming under increased scrutiny. Those in favour argue that it enables the harmonisation of policy around testing and treatment for malaria and maintains a focus on market-based solutions to healthcare...
January 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586464/does-unmeasured-confounding-influence-associations-between-the-retail-food-environment-and-body-mass-index-over-time-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#4
Pasquale E Rummo, David K Guilkey, Shu Wen Ng, Katie A Meyer, Barry M Popkin, Jared P Reis, James M Shikany, Penny Gordon-Larsen
Background: Findings in the observational retail food environment and obesity literature are inconsistent, potentially due to a lack of adjustment for residual confounding. Methods: Using data from the CARDIA study ( n  = 12 174 person-observations; 6 examinations; 1985-2011) across four US cities (Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN; Oakland, CA), we used instrumental-variables (IV) regression to obtain causal estimates of the longitudinal associations between the percentage of neighbourhood food stores or restaurants (per total food outlets within 1 km network distance of respondent residence) with body mass index (BMI), adjusting for individual-level socio-demographics, health behaviours, city, year, total food outlets and market-level prices...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487247/consumer-behaviour-towards-price-reduced-suboptimal-foods-in-the-supermarket-and-the-relation-to-food-waste-in-households
#5
Jessica Aschemann-Witzel, Jacob Haagen Jensen, Mette Hyldetoft Jensen, Viktorija Kulikovskaja
To combat food waste, supermarkets offer food items at a reduced price in-store when they are close to the expiration date or perceived as suboptimal. It is yet unknown, however, which considerations consumers engage in when deciding about the offer, and whether focusing particularly on the price during food purchase might be related to greater food waste at home. Knowledge about both the consumers' food purchase process for these price-reduced foods and the potential wastage of price-focused consumers can contribute to the assessment of whether or not offering suboptimal food at reduced prices in-store actually reduces food waste across the supply chain...
May 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438155/the-malaria-testing-and-treatment-landscape-in-the-southern-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-pdr
#6
Saysana Phanalasy
BACKGROUND: In the context of national and regional goals to eliminate malaria by 2030, the Center for Malaria Parasitology and Entomology in the Lao PDR is implementing strategies to ensure all malaria cases are detected and appropriately treated with first-line artemisinin combination therapy, artemether-lumefantrine (AL). Timely and relevant evidence to inform policies and strategies is needed to ensure the most effective and efficient use of resources, and to accelerate progress towards elimination goals...
April 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433775/looking-is-buying-how-visual-attention-and-choice-are-affected-by-consumer-preferences-and-properties-of-the-supermarket-shelf
#7
Kerstin Gidlöf, Andrey Anikin, Martin Lingonblad, Annika Wallin
There is a battle in the supermarket isle, a battle between what the consumer wants and what the retailer and others want her to see, and subsequently to buy. Product packages and displays contain a number of features and attributes tailored to catch consumers' attention. These are what we call external factors comprising the visual saliency, the number of facings, and the placement of each product. But a consumer also brings with her a number of goals and interests related to the products and their attributes...
April 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432213/tobacco-retail-availability-and-risk-of-relapse-among-smokers-who-make-a-quit-attempt-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Michael O Chaiton, Graham Mecredy, Joanna Cohen
INTRODUCTION: The availability of tobacco is thought to influence smoking behaviour, but there are few longitudinal studies examining if the location and number of tobacco outlets has a prospective impact on smoking cessation. METHODS: The Ontario Tobacco Survey, a population-representative sample of Ontario adult smokers who were followed every 6 months for up to 3 years, was linked with tobacco outlet location data from the Ontario Ministry of Health. Proximity (distance), threshold (at least one outlet within 500 m) and density (number of outlets within 500 m) with respect to a smokers' home were calculated among urban and suburban current smokers (n=2414)...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420455/nutrient-profiling-for-product-reformulation-public-health-impact-and-benefits-for-the-consumer
#9
Undine Lehmann, Véronique Rheiner Charles, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Gabriel Masset, Jörg Spieldenner
The food industry holds great potential for driving consumers to adopt healthy food choices as (re)formulation of foods can improve the nutritional quality of these foods. Reformulation has been identified as a cost-effective intervention in addressing non-communicable diseases as it does not require significant alterations of consumer behaviour and dietary habits. Nutrient profiling (NP), the science of categorizing foods based on their nutrient composition, has emerged as an essential tool and is implemented through many different profiling systems to guide reformulation and other nutrition policies...
April 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274208/an-analysis-of-the-effects-of-a-campaign-supporting-use-of-a-health-symbol-on-food-sales-and-shopping-behaviour-of-consumers
#10
Trine Mørk, Klaus G Grunert, Morten Fenger, Hans Jørn Juhl, George Tsalis
BACKGROUND: Since 2009, the green Keyhole symbol has been a joint Nordic initiative for signalling healthfulness of specific food products. In 2014, the Danish Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries carried out a campaign aimed mainly at men over 35 with a low level of education, encouraging them to use the Keyhole in their shopping process. The objective of the study is to evaluate the campaign by measuring its effect on consumer behaviour in the store. METHODS: The impact of the Keyhole campaign was measured in selected retail stores...
March 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186924/can-purchasing-information-be-used-to-predict-adherence-to-cardiovascular-medications-an-analysis-of-linked-retail-pharmacy-and-insurance-claims-data
#11
Alexis A Krumme, Gabriel Sanfélix-Gimeno, Jessica M Franklin, Danielle L Isaman, Mufaddal Mahesri, Olga S Matlin, William H Shrank, Troyen A Brennan, Gregory Brill, Niteesh K Choudhry
OBJECTIVE: The use of retail purchasing data may improve adherence prediction over approaches using healthcare insurance claims alone. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of patients who received prescription medication benefits through CVS Caremark, used a CVS Pharmacy ExtraCare Health Care (ECHC) loyalty card, and initiated a statin medication in 2011. OUTCOME: We evaluated associations between retail purchasing patterns and optimal adherence to statins in the 12 subsequent months...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148239/local-descriptive-body-weight-and-dietary-norms-food-availability-and-10-year-change-in-glycosylated-haemoglobin-in-an-australian-population-based-biomedical-cohort
#12
Suzanne J Carroll, Catherine Paquet, Natasha J Howard, Neil T Coffee, Robert J Adams, Anne W Taylor, Theo Niyonsenga, Mark Daniel
BACKGROUND: Individual-level health outcomes are shaped by environmental risk conditions. Norms figure prominently in socio-behavioural theories yet spatial variations in health-related norms have rarely been investigated as environmental risk conditions. This study assessed: 1) the contributions of local descriptive norms for overweight/obesity and dietary behaviour to 10-year change in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), accounting for food resource availability; and 2) whether associations between local descriptive norms and HbA1c were moderated by food resource availability...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034740/the-role-of-food-shopping-in-later-life
#13
Simone Pettigrew, Caitlin Worrall, Nicole Biagioni, Zenobia Talati, Michelle Jongenelis
By the time they reach retirement, individuals are typically highly experienced in sourcing food products and they have strong familiarity with food retailing environments. To investigate the ongoing role of food shopping in later life, the present study explored seniors' attitudes to food shopping and their food-selection behaviours through the lens of their broader lifestyles. The aim was to provide insights of relevance to the development of future efforts to optimise seniors' food shopping experiences and nutrition-related outcomes...
December 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955806/modelling-of-tetracycline-resistance-gene-transfer-by-commensal-escherichia-coli-food-isolates-that-survived-in-gastric-fluid-conditions
#14
Daekeun Hwang, Seung Min Kim, Hyun Jung Kim
Antimicrobial resistance (AR) is a major public health concern and a food safety issue worldwide. Escherichia coli strains, indicators of antibiotic resistance, are a source of horizontal gene transfer to other bacteria in the human intestinal system. A probabilistic exposure model was used to estimate the transfer of the AR gene tet(A). The acid resistance and kinetic behaviour of E. coli was analysed as a function of pH to describe the inactivation of E. coli in simulated gastric fluid (SGF), the major host barrier against exogenous micro-organisms...
January 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871303/geographically-weighted-regression-of-knowledge-and-behaviour-determinants-to-anti-malarial-recommending-and-dispensing-practice-among-medicine-retailers-in-western-kenya-capacitating-targeted-interventions
#15
Andria Rusk, Linda Highfield, J Michael Wilkerson, Melissa Harrell, Andrew Obala, Benjamin Amick
BACKGROUND: Most patients with malaria seek treatment first in retail drug shops. Myriad studies have examined retailer behaviours and characteristics to understand the determinants to these behaviours. Geospatial methods are helpful in discovering if geographic location plays a role in the relationship between determinants and outcomes. This study aimed to discover if spatial autocorrelation exists in the relationship between determinants and retailer behaviours, and to provide specific geographic locations and target behaviours for tailoring future interventions...
November 21, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705882/the-influence-of-residents-behaviour-on-waste-electrical-and-electronic-equipment-collection-effectiveness
#16
Piotr Nowakowski
Government agencies have implemented regulations to reduce the volume of waste electrical and electronic equipment to protect the environment and encourage recycling. The effectiveness of systems through which waste electrical and electronic equipment is collected and recycled depends on (a) the development and operation of new programmes to process this material and (b) on information dissemination programmes aimed at manufacturers, retail sellers, and the consuming public. This study analyses these two elements...
November 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678537/actual-and-preferred-contraceptive-sources-among-young-people-findings-from-the-british-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles
#17
Rebecca S Geary, Caroline Tomes, Kyle G Jones, Anna Glasier, Wendy Macdowall, Jessica Datta, Pam Sonnenberg, Kaye Wellings, Rebecca S French, Catherine H Mercer, Anne M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To describe actual and preferred contraceptive sources among young people in Britain and whether discordance between these is associated with markers of sexual risk behaviour or poor sexual health. DESIGN: Cross-sectional probability sample survey. SETTING: British general population. PARTICIPANTS: 3869 men and women aged 16-24 years interviewed for the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3) between 2010 and 2012...
September 26, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664444/-who-s-been-a-good-dog-owner-perceptions-and-motivations-for-treat-giving
#18
G A White, L Ward, C Pink, J Craigon, K M Millar
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year growth in sales of dog and cat treats. Recognising the impact of treat giving in pet nutrition, the objective of the study was to investigate owner attitudes and motivations towards feeding treats (shop bought and other) to their dogs...
September 15, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660112/tobacco-retail-outlet-restrictions-health-and-cost-impacts-from-multistate-life-table-modelling-in-a-national-population
#19
Amber L Pearson, Christine L Cleghorn, Frederieke S van der Deen, Linda J Cobiac, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Nhung Nghiem, Tony Blakely, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Since there is some evidence that the density and distribution of tobacco retail outlets may influence smoking behaviours, we aimed to estimate the impacts of 4 tobacco outlet reduction interventions in a country with a smoke-free goal: New Zealand (NZ). METHODS: A multistate life-table model of 16 tobacco-related diseases, using national data by sex, age and ethnicity, was used to estimate quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained and net costs over the remainder of the 2011 NZ population's lifetime...
September 22, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595754/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-reducing-workplace-sitting-time-a-qualitative-study-with-australian-office-workers
#20
Nyssa T Hadgraft, Charlotte L Brakenridge, Anthony D LaMontagne, Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Brigid M Lynch, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen, Genevieve N Healy, Sheleigh P Lawler
BACKGROUND: Office workers spend a large proportion of their working hours sitting. This may contribute to an increased risk of chronic disease and premature mortality. While there is growing interest in workplace interventions targeting prolonged sitting, few qualitative studies have explored workers' perceptions of reducing occupational sitting outside of an intervention context. This study explored barriers to reducing office workplace sitting, and the feasibility and acceptability of strategies targeting prolonged sitting in this context...
2016: BMC Public Health
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