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Retail behaviour

Piotr Nowakowski
Government agencies have implemented regulations to reduce the volume of waste electrical and electronic equipment to protect the environment and encourage recycling. The effectiveness of systems through which waste electrical and electronic equipment is collected and recycled depends on (a) the development and operation of new programmes to process this material and (b) on information dissemination programmes aimed at manufacturers, retail sellers, and the consuming public. This study analyses these two elements...
November 2016: Waste Management & Research
Rebecca S Geary, Caroline Tomes, Kyle G Jones, Anna Glasier, Wendy Macdowall, Jessica Datta, Pam Sonnenberg, Kaye Wellings, Rebecca S French, Catherine H Mercer, Anne M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To describe actual and preferred contraceptive sources among young people in Britain and whether discordance between these is associated with markers of sexual risk behaviour or poor sexual health. DESIGN: Cross-sectional probability sample survey. SETTING: British general population. PARTICIPANTS: 3869 men and women aged 16-24 years interviewed for the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3) between 2010 and 2012...
2016: BMJ Open
G A White, L Ward, C Pink, J Craigon, K M Millar
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year growth in sales of dog and cat treats. Recognising the impact of treat giving in pet nutrition, the objective of the study was to investigate owner attitudes and motivations towards feeding treats (shop bought and other) to their dogs...
September 15, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Amber L Pearson, Christine L Cleghorn, Frederieke S van der Deen, Linda J Cobiac, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Nhung Nghiem, Tony Blakely, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Since there is some evidence that the density and distribution of tobacco retail outlets may influence smoking behaviours, we aimed to estimate the impacts of 4 tobacco outlet reduction interventions in a country with a smoke-free goal: New Zealand (NZ). METHODS: A multistate life-table model of 16 tobacco-related diseases, using national data by sex, age and ethnicity, was used to estimate quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained and net costs over the remainder of the 2011 NZ population's lifetime...
September 22, 2016: Tobacco Control
Nyssa T Hadgraft, Charlotte L Brakenridge, Anthony D LaMontagne, Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Brigid M Lynch, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen, Genevieve N Healy, Sheleigh P Lawler
BACKGROUND: Office workers spend a large proportion of their working hours sitting. This may contribute to an increased risk of chronic disease and premature mortality. While there is growing interest in workplace interventions targeting prolonged sitting, few qualitative studies have explored workers' perceptions of reducing occupational sitting outside of an intervention context. This study explored barriers to reducing office workplace sitting, and the feasibility and acceptability of strategies targeting prolonged sitting in this context...
2016: BMC Public Health
Ruth F Hunter, Sarah F Brennan, Jianjun Tang, Oliver J Smith, Jennifer Murray, Mark A Tully, Chris Patterson, Alberto Longo, George Hutchinson, Lindsay Prior, David P French, Jean Adams, Emma McIntosh, Frank Kee
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity in the workplace can provide employee physical and mental health benefits, and employer economic benefits through reduced absenteeism and increased productivity. The workplace is an opportune setting to encourage habitual activity. However, there is limited evidence on effective behaviour change interventions that lead to maintained physical activity. This study aims to address this gap and help build the necessary evidence base for effective, and cost-effective, workplace interventions...
2016: BMC Public Health
Richard Edwards, Ali Ajmal, Benjamin Healey, Janet Hoek
INTRODUCTION: The tobacco industry increasingly invests in point-of-sale (POS) marketing. In July 2012, New Zealand required the removal of POS tobacco displays concurrently with increased enforcement and penalties for selling tobacco to minors, and additional restrictions on tobacco sponsorship. We evaluated the impact of these measures using a before-after study. METHODS: We analysed data from annual surveys of more than 25 000 year 10 (14-15 years) students from 2007 and 2011 to 2014...
July 4, 2016: Tobacco Control
Paul Glue, Julie Courts, Andrew Gray, Tess Patterson
AIMS: We previously reported that passage of the 2013 Psychoactive Substances Act (PSA), which limited retail availability of synthetic cannabinoids (SCs), was followed by reduced numbers of presentations to one psychiatric emergency service. This analysis examined national trends in hospital presentations associated with use of SCs, and how these changed after passage of laws in 2011, 2013 and 2014, that altered SC availability. METHODS: Analysis of 2011-2015 Ministry of Health dataset of patients presenting to hospital associated with use of SCs...
2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Si Thu Thein, May Sudhinaraset, Hnin Su Su Khin, Willi McFarland, Tin Aung
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is a key strategy for global malaria elimination efforts. However, the development of artemisinin-resistant malaria parasites threatens progress and continued usage of oral artemisinin monotherapies (AMT) predisposes the selection of drug resistant strains. This is particularly a problem along the Myanmar/Thailand border. The artemisinin monotherapy replacement programme (AMTR) was established in 2012 to remove oral AMT from stocks in Myanmar, specifically by replacing oral AMT with quality-assured ACT and conducting behavioural change communication activities to the outlets dispensing anti-malarial medications...
2016: Malaria Journal
Robert Hamlin, Lisa McNeill
This article describes an experiment to measure the impact of the Australasian "Health Star Rating" front of pack nutritional label system on consumer choice behaviour. This system presents a one-half to five star rating of nutritional quality via the front facings of food product packages. While this system has been recently rolled out across Australasia, no test of its impact on food choice has been conducted. A sample of 1200 consumers was recruited on exit from supermarkets in New Zealand. A 2 × 2 factorial design was used with two levels of cold cereal product nutritional status (high, five star/low, two star) and two levels of the Health Star Rating label (present/absent)...
2016: Nutrients
K I Black, R Geary, R French, N Leefe, C H Mercer, A Glasier, W Macdowall, L Gibson, J Datta, M Palmer, K Wellings
OBJECTIVE: To examine the changes in the prevalence of, and the factors associated with, the use of emergency contraception (EC) in Britain between 2000 and 2010, spanning the period of deregulation and increase in pharmacy supply. DESIGN: Cross-sectional probability sample surveys. SETTING AND POPULATION: British general population. METHODS: Data were analysed from the second and third British National Surveys of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal), undertaken in 1999-2001 and 2010-12...
September 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Catherine Best, Farhana Haseen, Winfried van der Sluijs, Gozde Ozakinci, Dorothy Currie, Douglas Eadie, Martine Stead, Anne Marie MacKintosh, Jamie Pearce, Catherine Tisch, Andy MacGregor, Amanda Amos, John Frank, Sally Haw
BACKGROUND: There has been a rapid increase in the retail availability of e-cigarettes in the UK and elsewhere. It is known that exposure to cigarette point-of-sale (POS) displays influences smoking behaviour and intentions in young people. However, there is as yet no evidence regarding the relationship between e-cigarette POS display exposure and e-cigarette use in young people. METHODS: This cross sectional survey was conducted in four high schools in Scotland...
2016: BMC Public Health
Stephanie Bramley, Nicola Dibben, Richard Rowe
Music is ubiquitous in retail and commercial environments, with some managers believing that music can enhance the customer experience, increase footfall and sales and improve consumer satisfaction. Casino gambling is popular in the United Kingdom and anecdotal evidence suggests that music is often present. However, little is known about the rationale for music use from the perspective of casino managers. In this study semi-structured interviews were conducted with five casino managers to establish their motivations for utilising music, the factors informing their choice of music and the extent to which music is used with the intention of influencing gambling behaviour...
March 28, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
Amruta Dixit, Ming-Chieh Lee, Brittany Goettsch, Yaw Afrane, Andrew K Githeko, Guiyun Yan
BACKGROUND: The growing threat of insecticide resistance in mosquitoes and drug resistance in the Plasmodium parasites increases the importance of ensuring appropriate malaria case management and enabling positive health-seeking behaviour. Treatment-seeking behaviours are poorly characterized in malaria-endemic regions that have been the focus of intensive control and elimination campaigns. This study uses a comprehensive approach to shed light on the determinants of malaria treatment-seeking behaviours from different perspectives...
2016: Malaria Journal
Rachel L Tyrrell, Fiona Greenhalgh, Susan Hodgson, Wendy J Wills, John C Mathers, Ashley J Adamson, Amelia A Lake
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify and characterize the food environments from which young people obtain food and to explore associations between the type of food environment and food intakes. METHODS: Young people (n = 86, mean age 17 years; combined data of two sequential pilot studies (collected in 2008-09) and a study conducted in 2011-12) recorded in 4-day self-complete food diaries what food they consumed and where food was sourced. Nutrient, fruit and vegetable intake was calculated according to the source of food, categorized using a food environment classification tool...
March 8, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Rosalind Miller, Catherine Goodman
In low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) in Asia, pharmacies are often patients' first point of contact with the health care system and their preferred channel for purchasing medicines. Unfortunately, pharmacy practice in these settings has been characterized by deficient knowledge and inappropriate treatment. This paper systematically reviews both the performance of all types of pharmacies and drug stores across Asia's LMIC, and the determinants of poor practice, in order to reflect on how this could best be addressed...
March 8, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
Helle Håkonsen, Karolina Andersson Sundell, Johan Martinsson, Tove Hedenrud
Following a large regulatory reform in 2009, which ended the state's pharmacy monopoly, non-pharmacy retailers in Sweden today sell certain over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. The aim of this study was to investigate consumer preferences regarding OTC drug retailers and the reasons for choosing a pharmacy versus non-pharmacy retailer. We conducted a web survey aimed at Swedish adults. Out of a stratified sample of 4058 persons, 2594 agreed to take part (48% women; mean age: 50.3 years). Questions related to OTC drug use, retailer choice and factors affecting the participants' preferences for OTC drug retailers...
March 2016: Health Policy
Louise Marsh, Ali Ajmal, Rob McGee, Lindsay Robertson, Claire Cameron, Crile Doscher
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests inconsistent findings on the relationship between density of tobacco outlets around schools and risk of smoking among students. This study examines the density of tobacco outlets around secondary schools in New Zealand (NZ) and current smoking, experimental smoking, susceptibility to smoking, and attempted and successful tobacco purchasing. METHODS: Smoking data came from the 2012 ASH Year 10 survey, a national survey of youth smoking in NZ...
December 1, 2015: Tobacco Control
Rosemary A Stanton
We live in an 'obesogenic environment' where we are constantly bombarded with choices that encourage us to move less and eat more. Many factors influence our dietary choices, including the expert marketers who advise manufacturers on ways to encourage the population to buy more, especially profitable, palatable 'ultra-processed' foods. Supermarkets themselves have become skilled in manipulating buying behaviour, using their layout and specific product placement as well as advertising to maximise purchases of particular foods...
March 2015: Current Obesity Reports
William G Shadel, Steven C Martino, Claude M Setodji, Deborah M Scharf, Daniela Kusuke, Angela Sicker, Min Gong
OBJECTIVES: This experiment tested whether changing the location or visibility of the tobacco power wall in a life sized replica of a convenience store had any effect on adolescents' susceptibility to future cigarette smoking. METHODS: The study was conducted in the RAND StoreLab (RSL), a life sized replica of a convenience store that was developed to experimentally evaluate how changing aspects of tobacco advertising displays in retail point-of-sale environments influences tobacco use risk and behaviour...
November 23, 2015: Tobacco Control
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