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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677578/tobacco-outlet-density-and-tobacco-knowledge-beliefs-purchasing-behaviours-and-price-among-adolescents-in-scotland
#1
Helena Tunstall, Niamh K Shortt, Claire L Niedzwiedz, Elizabeth A Richardson, Richard J Mitchell, Jamie R Pearce
Despite long-term falls in global adult smoking prevalence and over 50 years of tobacco control policies, adolescent smoking persists. Research suggests greater densities of tobacco retail outlets in residential neighbourhoods are associated with higher adolescent smoking rates. Policies to reduce retail outlets have therefore been identified by public health researchers as a potential 'new frontier' in tobacco control. Better understanding of the pathways linking density of tobacco retailers and smoking behaviour could support these policies...
February 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622603/cigarettes-point-of-purchase-patterns-in-19-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-global-adult-tobacco-survey-2008-2012
#2
Lazarous Mbulo, Judy Kruger, Jason Hsia, Shaoman Yin, Simone Salandy, Elizabeth N Orlan, Israel Agaku, Kurt M Ribisl
BACKGROUND: There is little information on cigarette-purchasing behaviour among smokers globally. Understanding cigarette purchase and point-of-sale patterns can help guide the development and implementation of tobacco-control strategies in retail environments. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify where adults in 19 countries last purchased cigarettes. METHODS: Data were from 19 low-income and middle-income countries that conducted the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) during 2008-2012...
April 5, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579943/moisture-adsorption-properties-and-shelf-life-estimation-of-dried-and-pulverised-edible-house-cricket-acheta-domesticus-l-and-black-soldier-fly-larvae-hermetia-illucens-l
#3
E Kamau, C Mutungi, J Kinyuru, S Imathiu, C Tanga, H Affognon, S Ekesi, D Nakimbugwe, K K M Fiaboe
Edible insects are part of the diets of a significant proportion of rural populations in the tropics especially Africa and Asia, and their use as source of key nutrients for better nutrition is re-emerging. Indigenously, elemental methods are used to process the insects before they are consumed or sold in retail outlets. In recent years, better knowledge of processing, packaging and storage has become necessary because of commercialisation needs. A common processing approach involves drying after a brief heat-treatment step, and then milling into a powdered product which is sold to manufacturers or consumers as ingredient for processing final products...
April 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547369/activity-space-based-measures-of-the-food-environment-and-their-relationships-to-food-purchasing-behaviours-for-young-urban-adults-in-canada
#4
Michael J Widener, Leia M Minaker, Jessica L Reid, Zachary Patterson, Tara Kamal Ahmadi, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential links between activity spaces, the food retail environment and food shopping behaviours for the population of young, urban adults. DESIGN: Participants took part in the Canada Food Study, which collected information on demographics, food behaviour, diet and health, as well as an additional smartphone study that included a seven-day period of logging GPS (global positioning system) location and food purchases. Using a time-weighted, continuous representation of participant activity spaces generated from GPS trajectory data, the locations of food purchases and a geocoded food retail data set, negative binomial regression models were used to explore what types of food retailers participants were exposed to and where food purchases were made...
March 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545161/patterning-of-neighbourhood-food-outlets-and-longitudinal-associations-with-children-s-eating-behaviours
#5
Anna Timperio, David Crawford, Rebecca M Leech, Karen E Lamb, Kylie Ball
This study examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between typologies of neighbourhood food environment and dietary patterns among 10-12 year-old children. Baseline data were collected in 2002/3 and follow-up data in 2006 from children in Melbourne or Geelong. Parents completed a food frequency questionnaire at both time points. 'Healthful' and 'energy-dense' dietary pattern scores were computed. A Geographic Information System was used to determine the presence or absence of food outlets (cafés/restaurant; fast food; supermarkets/grocery stores; convenience store; greengrocer; and butcher, seafood or poultry retailer) within an 800 m road network buffer of home...
March 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433590/the-role-of-nutritional-labelling-and-signposting-from-a-european-perspective
#6
Judith L Buttriss
The past half-century has been characterised by major technological developments and massive societal change, which have profoundly changed how food is produced, processed, sold and consumed. These days we are faced with a huge choice of pre-packaged foods when we shop in modern supermarkets and we can buy seasonal food all year round, in and out of season. For decades now, the need to guide choice has been recognised, and retailers and many manufacturers have provided increasing amounts of on-pack information and signposting, and more recently UK retailers have led the way in championing front-of-pack information provision, to supplement the standard back-of-pack nutrient composition table...
February 13, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220107/eating-out-with-a-food-allergy-in-the-uk-change-in-the-eating-out-practices-of-consumers-with-food-allergy-following-introduction-of-allergen-information-legislation
#7
F M Begen, J Barnett, R Payne, M H Gowland, A DunnGalvin, J S Lucas
BACKGROUND: Strict allergen avoidance is important in day-to-day management of food allergy and avoidance when eating outside the home can present particular difficulties. EU legislation (EU FIC) introduced in December 2014 aimed to improve food allergen information provision for customers by requiring retailers of non-prepacked foods to provide information related to the content of one or more of 14 specified food allergens within their foods. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of EU FIC on the behaviours, experiences and attitudes of consumers with food allergy when eating out...
March 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190753/children-and-young-people-s-perceptions-of-energy-drinks-a-qualitative-study
#8
Shelina Visram, Stephen J Crossley, Mandy Cheetham, Amelia Lake
BACKGROUND: Consumption of soft drinks is declining in many countries, yet energy drink sales continue to increase, particularly amongst young consumers. Little is currently known about the drivers behind these trends. Energy drinks are high in sugar and caffeine, and evidence indicates that regular or heavy use by under 18s is likely to be detrimental to health. This study aimed to explore children and young people's attitudes and perceptions in relation to energy drinks in a UK context...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168256/alcohol-taxes-contribution-to-prices-in-high-and-middle-income-countries-data-from-the-international-alcohol-control-study
#9
Martin Wall, Sally Casswell, Sarah Callinan, Surasak Chaiyasong, Pham Viet Cuong, Gaile Gray-Phillip, Charles Parry
INTRODUCTION: Taxation is increasingly being used as an effective means of influencing behaviour in relation to harmful products. In this paper we use data from six participating countries of the International Alcohol Control Study to examine and evaluate their comparative prices and tax regimes. METHODS: We calculate taxes and prices for three high-income and three middle-income countries. The data are drawn from the International Alcohol Control survey and from the Alcohol Environment Protocol...
November 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149874/observation-and-assessment-of-the-nutritional-quality-of-out-of-school-foods-popular-with-secondary-school-pupils-at-lunchtime
#10
Fiona Crawford, Dionne Mackison, John D Mooney, Anne Ellaway
BACKGROUND: The contemporary Scottish diet is unhealthy and a risk factor for poor health outcomes including obesity. Over a third of Scottish children are at risk of being overweight or obese, and there have been calls to strengthen the evidence base on the role of the food retail environment around schools in influencing the consumption of unhealthy foods. METHODS: We examined the food retail environment around five secondary schools in Glasgow city, Scotland...
November 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103003/where-do-women-and-men-in-britain-obtain-contraception-findings-from-the-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#11
Rebecca S French, Rebecca Geary, Kyle Jones, Anna Glasier, Catherine H Mercer, Jessica Datta, Wendy Macdowall, Melissa Palmer, Anne M Johnson, Kaye Wellings
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the prevalence of use of different sources of contraceptive supplies in Britain and its variation by key demographic and behavioural characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional probability sample survey of women and men aged 16-74 years, resident in Britain, interviewed between 2010 and 2012. Analyses reported here were of 4571 women and 3142 men aged 16-44 years who reported having vaginal sex in the past year. Those relying exclusively on sterilisation (including hysterectomy) were excluded...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022517/do-contamination-of-and-exposure-to-chicken-meat-and-water-drive-the-temporal-dynamics-of-campylobacter-cases
#12
J M David, F Pollari, K D M Pintar, A Nesbitt, A J Butler, A Ravel
Campylobacteriosis, the most frequent bacterial enteric disease, shows a clear yet unexplained seasonality. The study purpose was to explore the influence of seasonal fluctuation in the contamination of and in the behaviour exposures to two important sources of Campylobacter on the seasonality of campylobacteriosis. Time series analyses were applied to data collected through an integrated surveillance system in Canada in 2005-2010. Data included sporadic, domestically-acquired cases of Campylobacter jejuni infection, contamination of retail chicken meat and of surface water by C...
November 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877706/does-exposure-to-the-food-environment-differ-by-socioeconomic-position-comparing-area-based-and-person-centred-metrics-in-the-fenland-study-uk
#13
Eva R Maguire, Thomas Burgoine, Tarra L Penney, Nita G Forouhi, Pablo Monsivais
BACKGROUND: Retail food environments (foodscapes) are a recognised determinant of eating behaviours and may contribute to inequalities in diet. However, findings from studies measuring socioeconomic inequality in the foodscape have been mixed, which may be due to methodological differences. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare exposure to the foodscape by socioeconomic position using different measures, to test whether the presence, direction or amplitude of differences was sensitive to the choice of foodscape metric or socioeconomic indicator...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851358/treatment-seeking-patterns-for-malaria-in-pharmacies-in-five-sub-saharan-african-countries
#14
Joël Ladner, Ben Davis, Etienne Audureau, Joseph Saba
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is recommended as the first-line anti-malarial treatment strategy in sub-Saharan African countries. WHO policy recommends parasitological confirmation by microscopy or rapid diagnostic test (RDT) in all cases of suspected malaria prior to treatment. Gaps remain in understanding the factors that influence patient treatment-seeking behaviour and anti-malarial drug purchase decisions in the private sector. The objective of this study was to identify patient treatment-seeking behaviour in Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda...
August 29, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664264/behavioural-changes-sharing-behaviour-and-psychological-responses-after-receiving-direct-to-consumer-genetic-test-results-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Kelly F J Stewart, Anke Wesselius, Maartje A C Schreurs, Annemie M W J Schols, Maurice P Zeegers
It has been hypothesised that direct-to-consumer genetic tests (DTC-GTs) could stimulate health behaviour change. However, genetic testing may also lead to anxiety and distress or unnecessarily burden the health care system. The aim is to review and meta-analyse the effects of DTC-GT on (1) behaviour change, (2) psychological response and (3) medical consumption. A systematic literature search was performed in three databases, using "direct-to-consumer genetic testing" as a key search term. Random effects meta-analyses were performed when at least two comparable outcomes were available...
January 2018: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629470/policy-lessons-from-health-taxes-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#16
REVIEW
Alexandra Wright, Katherine E Smith, Mark Hellowell
BACKGROUND: Taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been an important means of raising revenues for public spending in many countries but there is increasing interest in using taxes on these, and other unhealthy products, to achieve public health goals. We present a systematic review of the research on health taxes, and aim to generate insights into how such taxes can: (i) reduce consumption of targeted products and related harms; (ii) generate revenues for health objectives and distribute the tax burden across income groups in an efficient and equitable manner; and (iii) be made politically sustainable...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588992/introducing-rapid-tests-for-malaria-into-the-retail-sector-what-are-the-unintended-consequences
#17
Eleanor Hutchinson, Coll Hutchison, Sham Lal, Kristian Hansen, Miriam Kayendeke, Christine Nabirye, Pascal Magnussen, Siân E Clarke, Anthony Mbonye, Clare I R Chandler
The observation that many people in Africa seek care for febrile illness in the retail sector has led to a number of public health initiatives to try to improve the quality of care provided in these settings. The potential to support the introduction of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria (mRDTs) into drug shops is coming under increased scrutiny. Those in favour argue that it enables the harmonisation of policy around testing and treatment for malaria and maintains a focus on market-based solutions to healthcare...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586464/does-unmeasured-confounding-influence-associations-between-the-retail-food-environment-and-body-mass-index-over-time-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#18
Pasquale E Rummo, David K Guilkey, Shu Wen Ng, Katie A Meyer, Barry M Popkin, Jared P Reis, James M Shikany, Penny Gordon-Larsen
Background: Findings in the observational retail food environment and obesity literature are inconsistent, potentially due to a lack of adjustment for residual confounding. Methods: Using data from the CARDIA study (n = 12 174 person-observations; 6 examinations; 1985-2011) across four US cities (Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN; Oakland, CA), we used instrumental-variables (IV) regression to obtain causal estimates of the longitudinal associations between the percentage of neighbourhood food stores or restaurants (per total food outlets within 1 km network distance of respondent residence) with body mass index (BMI), adjusting for individual-level socio-demographics, health behaviours, city, year, total food outlets and market-level prices...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487247/consumer-behaviour-towards-price-reduced-suboptimal-foods-in-the-supermarket-and-the-relation-to-food-waste-in-households
#19
Jessica Aschemann-Witzel, Jacob Haagen Jensen, Mette Hyldetoft Jensen, Viktorija Kulikovskaja
To combat food waste, supermarkets offer food items at a reduced price in-store when they are close to the expiration date or perceived as suboptimal. It is yet unknown, however, which considerations consumers engage in when deciding about the offer, and whether focusing particularly on the price during food purchase might be related to greater food waste at home. Knowledge about both the consumers' food purchase process for these price-reduced foods and the potential wastage of price-focused consumers can contribute to the assessment of whether or not offering suboptimal food at reduced prices in-store actually reduces food waste across the supply chain...
May 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438155/the-malaria-testing-and-treatment-landscape-in-the-southern-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-pdr
#20
Saysana Phanalasy
BACKGROUND: In the context of national and regional goals to eliminate malaria by 2030, the Center for Malaria Parasitology and Entomology in the Lao PDR is implementing strategies to ensure all malaria cases are detected and appropriately treated with first-line artemisinin combination therapy, artemether-lumefantrine (AL). Timely and relevant evidence to inform policies and strategies is needed to ensure the most effective and efficient use of resources, and to accelerate progress towards elimination goals...
April 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
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