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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732354/influence-of-body-mass-index-on-postoperative-complications-after-thymectomy-in-myasthenia-gravis-patients
#1
Xu-Dong Liu, Ming-Rui Shao, Lei Sun, Lin Zhang, Xin-Shan Jia, Wen-Ya Li
OBJECTIVES: It is not clear whether being overweight or obese influences postoperative complications in myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. We retrospectively investigated an association between body mass index (BMI) and postoperative complications in MG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine MG patients who had undergone transsternal thymectomy were classified as low or high BMI based on the criteria for Asian-Pacific populations. An association between BMI and complications was analyzed...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732093/attitudes-among-transplant-professionals-regarding-shifting-paradigms-in-eligibility-criteria-for-live-kidney-donation
#2
Jeffrey A Lafranca, Emerentia Q W Spoon, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Jan N M IJzermans, Frank J M F Dor
BACKGROUND: The transplant community increasingly accepts extended criteria live kidney donors, however, great (geographical) differences are present in policies regarding the acceptance of these donors, and guidelines do not offer clarity. The aim of this survey was to reveal these differences and to get an insight in both centre policies as well as personal beliefs of transplant professionals. METHODS: An online survey was sent to 1128 ESOT-members. Questions were included about several extended donor criteria; overweight/obesity, older age, vascular multiplicity, minors as donors and comorbidities; hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, kidney stones, malignancies and renal cysts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732072/placental-peptides-metabolism-and-maternal-factors-as-predictors-of-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-in-pregnant-women-a-case-control-study
#3
Robert Amadu Ngala, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Peter Gmagna, Frank Naku Ghartey, Martin Akilla Awe
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a risk factor for perinatal complications; include shoulder dystocia, birth injuries such as bone fractures and nerve palsies. It is associated with later development of type 2 diabetes, the risk of macrosomia and other long-term health effects of infants born to diabetic mothers. The study assesses placental peptides and maternal factors as potential predictors of gestational diabetes among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 200 pregnant women were recruited for the study, 150 pregnant women without pre gestational diabetes including 50 women with low risk factors of diabetes as controls and 50 other pregnant women with pregestational diabetes as control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732058/the-role-of-a-fads1-polymorphism-in-the-association-of-fatty-acid-blood-levels-bmi-and-blood-pressure-in-young-children-analyses-based-on-path-models
#4
Maike Wolters, Carmen Dering, Alfonso Siani, Paola Russo, Jaakko Kaprio, Patrizia Risé, Luis A Moreno, Stefaan De Henauw, Kirsten Mehlig, Toomas Veidebaum, Denés Molnár, Michael Tornaritis, Licia Iacoviello, Yannis Pitsiladis, Claudio Galli, Ronja Foraita, Claudia Börnhorst
BACKGROUND: The recent obesity epidemic in children also showed an increase in the prevalence of hypertension. As blood pressure (BP) is associated with (long-chain) polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA), genetic variation in desaturase enzymes being involved in the synthesis of LC PUFA may be associated with BP. This study aimed to investigate the direct effects (independent of mediating variables) and indirect effects (mediated through intermediate variables) of a common variant in the FADS1 gene, rs174546, known to affect delta-5 desaturase (D5D) activity on PUFA level, body mass index (BMI) and BP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731953/assessment-of-weight-loss-with-the-intragastric-balloon-in-patients-with-different-degrees-of-obesity
#5
Gabriel C Nunes, Denis Pajecki, Maria E de Melo, Marcio C Mancini, Roberto de Cleva, Marco A Santo
INTRODUCTION: The intragastric balloon (IGB) is an endoscopic device for the treatment of obesity. Best results are observed in patients who follow a dietary program but few studies have assessed the results of this treatment in patients with different degrees of obesity. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of IGB in patients with different degrees of obesity. METHOD: A total of 2002 patients with IGB were retrospectively evaluated and were divided into groups according to initial body mass index (BMI) range, as follows: group 1, 27 to 29...
July 20, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731931/renal-function-and-its-association-with-blood-pressure-in-middle-eastern-immigrants-and-native-swedes
#6
Christopher Nilsson, Anders Christensson, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
BACKGROUND: Iraqi-born immigrants residing in Sweden are at high risk for type 2 diabetes, obesity and hyperlipidemia compared with native Swedes. Paradoxically, hypertension is less prevalent in this immigrant population. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in renal function and further if differences in blood pressure (BP) levels were associated with differences across ethnicities in renal function as a possible explanation to the paradox. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study of men and women, born in Iraq or Sweden, aged 30-75 years was conducted in Malmö, Sweden, from 2010 to 2012...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731930/early-life-exposure-to-chinese-famine-modifies-the-association-between-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease
#7
Zumin Shi, Stephen J Nicholls, Anne W Taylor, Dianna J Magliano, Sarah Appleton, Paul Zimmet
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that famine exposure during early life may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, and diabetes during adulthood. We aimed to assess whether exposure to the Chinese famine (1959-1961) modifies the association between hypertension and CVD. METHODS: We investigated data of 5772 adults born between 1954 and 1964 from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. CVD was based on self-reported doctor's diagnosis of heart problems (heart attack, coronary heart disease, angina, congestive heart failure, or other heart problems) and stroke...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731890/metformin-exposure-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-did-not-cause-vascular-reactivity-alteration-in-adult-male-offspring
#8
Daniella R B S Novi, Simone Forcato, Camila B Vidigal, Guilherme H Loiola, Daniela C C Gerardin, Graziela S Ceravolo
Metformin has been used for the treatment of some metabolic diseases during gestation and the beneficial effects of metformin to the vascular system have been described in diabetic and obese animal models. Nevertheless, the long term consequences to the vascular system of offspring maternally exposed to metformin have not yet been characterized. Therefore, we want to test the hypothesis that gestational and lactational exposure to metformin would be safe for the vascular reactivity of male adult offspring. Wistar female rats were treated with metformin 293mg/kg/day, by gavage, from gestational day (GD) 0 to GD 21 (METG) or GD 0 until post natal day (PND) 21 (METGL)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731853/hormonal-factors-in-the-control-of-the-browning-of-white-adipose-tissue
#9
REVIEW
Jiamiao Hu, Mark Christian
Adipose tissue has been historically classified into anabolic white adipose tissue (WAT) and catabolic brown adipose tissue (BAT). Recent studies have revealed the plasticity of WAT, where white adipocytes can be induced into 'brown-like' heat-producing adipocytes (BRITE or beige adipocytes). Recruiting and activating BRITE adipocytes in WAT (so-called 'browning') is believed to provide new avenues for the treatment of obesity-related diseases. A number of hormonal factors have been found to regulate BRITE adipose development and activity through autocrine, paracrine and systemic mechanisms...
July 21, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731844/outcome-by-gender-in-the-veterans-health-administration-motivating-overweight-obese-veterans-everywhere-weight-management-program
#10
Bryan C Batch, Karen Goldstein, William S Yancy, Linda L Sanders, Susanne Danus, Steven C Grambow, Hayden B Bosworth
BACKGROUND: Few evaluations of the Veterans Health Administration Motivating Overweight/Obese Veterans Everywhere (MOVE!) weight management program have assessed 6-month weight change or factors associated with weight change by gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of administrative data from a national sample of veterans in the VA MOVE! PROGRAM: HASH(0x4d9ef08) RESULTS: A total of 62,882 participants were included, 14...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731787/effect-of-euterpe-oleracea-mart-a%C3%A3-a%C3%A3-oil-on-dyslipidemia-caused-by-cocos-nucifera-l-saturated-fat-in-wistar-rats
#11
Belmira S Faria E Souza, Helison O Carvalho, Talisson Taglialegna, Albenise Santana A Barros, Edilson Leal da Cunha, Irlon Maciel Ferreira, Hady Keita, Andres Navarrete, José Carlos Tavares Carvalho
Dyslipidemia is caused by disturbances in lipid metabolism that lead to chronic elevations of serum lipids, especially low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and triglycerides, increasing the risk of metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes, atherogenic processes, and cardiovascular diseases. The oil from the fruits of Euterpe oleracea (OFEO) is rich in unsaturated fatty acids with potential for treating alterations in lipid metabolism. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of OFEO on hyperlipidemia induced by Cocos nucifera L...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731654/validation-of-the-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-specific-comorbidity-index-in-a-retrospective-cohort-of-children-and-adolescents-who-received-an-allogeneic-transplantation-in-argentina
#12
Carlos M Figueroa Turienzo, Carolina Cernadas, Mariana Roizen, Silvia Pizzi, Raquel Staciuk
INTRODUCTION: Hematopoietic cell transplantationis a therapy with a risk of transplant-related mortality (TRM), which may vary depending on prior comorbidities. The Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation-Specific Comorbidity Index (HCT-CI) is an instrument developed to measure this risk. There are very few reports on its use in pediatrics. The objective of this study was to validate the HCT-CI in a pediatric cohort of allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation recipients in Argentina. POPULATION AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort made up of 140 transplant patients at Hospital J...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731640/are-products-sold-in-university-vending-machines-nutritionally-poor-a-food-environment-audit
#13
Amanda Grech, Lana Hebden, Rajshri Roy, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
AIM: (i) To audit the nutritional composition, promotion and cost of products available from vending machines available to young adults; and (ii) to examine the relationship between product availability and sales. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of snacks and beverages available and purchased at a large urban university was conducted between March and September 2014. Sales were electronically tracked for nine months. RESULTS: A total of 61 vending machines were identified; 95% (n = 864) of the available snacks and 49% of beverages (n = 455) were less-healthy items...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731608/dietetic-and-educational-interventions-improve-clinical-outcomes-of-diabetic-and-obese-clients-with-mental-impairment
#14
Kerri Hunt, Kathy Stiller
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietetic and educational interventions provided to clients with type 2 diabetes (with or without obesity) or obesity-only residing in supported residential facilities and characterised by mental impairment. METHODS: A retrospective audit involving the retrieval of information from medical records and databases was undertaken to evaluate the effect of dietetic and educational interventions. Clinical outcomes were weight, body mass index and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731601/telephone-delivered-weight-management-services-in-the-hospital-outpatient-setting-decision-makers-perceptions-of-their-use-in-routine-practice
#15
Megan E Whelan, Ana D Goode, Ingrid J Hickman, Elizabeth G Eakin, Marina M Reeves
AIM: Providing effective weight management services to the growing number of overweight or obese hospital patients necessitates long-term service provision; however, it is arguably not within the acute-care hospital remit to provide such extended services. Referral to community-based programs is required to provide continuing weight management services. The Get Healthy Service is a free six-month, telephone-delivered lifestyle program, now offered in several states of Australia with potential for wide population reach...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731598/comparison-of-malnutrition-inflammation-score-anthropometry-and-biochemical-parameters-in-assessing-the-difference-in-protein-energy-wasting-between-normal-weight-and-obese-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis
#16
Elham Alipoor, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh, Mehdi Yaseri, Narges S Zahed
AIM: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is prevalent in haemodialysis. Obesity is an independent risk factor of kidney insufficiency, but it is proposed to have beneficial roles in better outcomes in the final stage of disease. Better nutritional status and body reserves are among probable mechanisms, but direct examinations are limited. The present study aimed to investigate whether obese patients have preferable nutritional status compared to normal weight patients based on malnutrition inflammation score (MIS) and other PEW parameters in haemodialysis...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731562/relative-validity-of-a-brief-fat-and-fibre-behaviour-questionnaire-in-a-population-of-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors-a-note-of-caution
#17
Megan E Whelan, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Elizabeth G Eakin, Marina M Reeves
AIM: Dietary intake assessment is often difficult in research contexts because of time and resource constraints and participant burden. Valid, reliable and brief assessments of dietary behaviour are needed. Additionally, examination of instrument performance in a variety of populations is needed. This study assessed relative validity and responsiveness to change of the Fat and Fibre Behaviour Questionnaire (FFBQ) in a population of breast cancer survivors compared with dietary intake measured by 24-hour recalls...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731559/association-between-anthropometric-measures-of-regional-fat-mass-and-heart-rate-variability-in-obese-women
#18
Marina Rastović, Biljana Srdić-Galić, Oto Barak, Edita Stokić
AIM: Impaired autonomic function could be the mechanism for the development of cardiometabolic diseases in obesity. Hence, simple anthropometric measures of overall and central obesity could be screening markers for autonomic imbalance. We analysed the relationship between heart rate variability (HRV) parameters and obesity indicators. METHODS: Sixty-three obese women underwent blood pressure, lipids and anthropometric measurements, body composition assessment, HOMA (homeostasis model assessment) index calculation and short-term HRV analysis...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731558/food-provision-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-services-exploring-how-staff-determine-nutritional-adequacy
#19
Amanda Cole, Helen Vidgen, Phoebe Cleland
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the methods, processes and strategies used by early childhood education and care (ECEC) services when determining the nutritional adequacy of food provided to children in their care. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews (n = 22) were conducted with directors, educators and cooks at long day care services (LDCS) (n = 12) regarding nutritional adequacy, the use of tools, guidelines and checklists, menu planning and identification and management of unhealthy foods...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#20
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
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