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Female urinary dysfunction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023939/comparing-a-novel-hand-held-device-peritron-to-standard-urodynamics-in-measuring-intravesical-pressure
#1
Vladimir A Ruzhynsky, Stephanie Bitzos, Ing Goping, Sidney B Radomski
AIMS: Peritron+ is a new handheld device, which can be attached to a urethral catheter to measure intravesical pressures (Pves). The goal of this study was to assess if Pves recorded by standard urodynamics (UDs) are comparable to those recorded by the Peritron+. METHODS: Patients with voiding dysfunction and an indication for UD underwent measurement of Pves with nonvideo UD and Peritron+. Pves were recorded at volumes of 50, 100, and 200 mL for the supine and sitting positions...
October 11, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988230/urinary-kidney-injury-molecule-1-but-not-urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-is-increased-after-short-maximal-exercise
#2
Wojciech Wołyniec, Wojciech Ratkowski, Robert Urbański, Maria Bartoszewicz, Danuta Siluk, Zuzanna Wołyniec, Katarzyna Kasprowicz, Katarzyna Zorena, Marcin Renke
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Urinary neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (uNGAL) and urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1) are markers of acute kidney injury. The albuminuria is a well-known abnormality after physical exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in uNGAL and uKIM-1 after intensive exercise causing albuminuria. METHODS: The study population consisted of 19 participants (10 males and 9 females). The mean age of participants was 35...
October 7, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986089/anterior-deflected-urinary-stream
#3
Wisam Abbas, Mark Woodward, Mohamed Sameh Shalaby
We present a case of anterior deflected urinary stream (ADUS) secondary to meatal shelf with no dysfunctional voiding symptoms (DV). The video illustrates the presentation, operative management and literature review. Meatal deformity in girls has been described in association with DV. Hoebeke et al. highlighted the strong correlation between meatal abnormality and non-neurogenic bladder dysfunction in girls. They demonstrated that girls with ADUS had more severe dysfunction on urodynamics. Klijn et al. prospectively evaluated the effect of surgical meatal correction in girls with ADUS...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976343/urodynamics-before-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-female-patients-an-open-debate
#4
Enrico Finazzi Agro, Valerio Iacovelli, Ester Illiano, Elisabetta Costantini
Currently the debate on the role of urodynamic tests in the preoperative evaluation of female stress urinary incontinence is alight. Although urodynamic investigation (UDI) has been considered mandatory before surgery in all female patients affected by stress urinary incontinence, nowadays international guidelines are more cautious. Literature on this topic has been reviewed in order to clarify the role of UDI before surgery for "complicated" and "uncomplicated" stress urinary incontinence in female patients...
October 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950397/urinary-incontinence-in-physically-active-young-women-prevalence-and-related-factors
#5
Jessica Oliveira Alves, Soraia Tonon Da Luz, Sofia Brandão, Clarissa Medeiros Da Luz, Renato Natal Jorge, Thuane Da Roza
This cross-sectional survey aims to (1) verify the prevalence of urinary incontinence and its impact on the quality of life among nulliparous fit women, and to (2) analyze whether urinary incontinence is influenced by the intensity of the sport (high- vs. low-impact) or by the volume of physical activity (minutes per week) performed. Two hundred forty-five nulliparous women (18-40 years) completed the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form, the Kings Health Questionnaire and a questionnaire regarding demographic and training variables...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939941/kidney-involvement-in-psoriasis-a-case-control-study-from-china
#6
Fang Ren, Min Zhang, Liying Hao, Hong Sang
PURPOSE: Kidney involvement secondary to psoriasis is still a controversial issue. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of urinary abnormalities in psoriasis patients and to find out whether the abnormality is related to the severity of psoriasis. METHODS: Ninety-seven psoriasis patients (62 females, 35 males, mean age 35.74 ± 13.45 years) and ninety-six age- and gender-matched control subjects (58 males, 38 females, mean age 35.82 ± 13.48 years) without hypertension or diabetes were enrolled in this study...
September 22, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929201/pelvic-floor-disorders-in-women-with-gynecologic-malignancies-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Aparna S Ramaseshan, Jessica Felton, Dana Roque, Gautam Rao, Andrea G Shipper, Tatiana V D Sanses
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) negatively affect quality of life in the general population, and their prevalence in gynecologic cancer survivors has not been systematically described. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of PFDs in cancer survivors. We hypothesized that the prevalence of PFDs in the gynecologic cancer population would be higher than in the general female population. METHODS: We searched PubMed (1809 to present), EMBASE (1974 to present), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) through May 2017...
September 19, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924067/-neurosurgical-outcomes-of-intradural-extramedullary-spinal-tumors-in-97-cases-siberian-experience
#8
Vadim Anatolyevich Byvaltsev, Bair Batiyevich Damdinov, Evgenii Georgiyevich Belykh, Kristina Olegovna Ivanova, Vladimir Alekseevich Sorokovikov, Kenzo Tsunetoshi, Ryuhei Kitai, Kenichiro Kikuta
We retrospectively investigated the clinical presentation and outcome of patients with spinal intradural extramedullary tumors, which had been surgically treated. A total of 97 consecutive patients(32 males and 65 females;mean age, 48 years;range, 17-79 years)underwent surgery between 2004 and 2014 at Irkutsk State Medical Academy and affiliated hospitals. To determine presentation and outcomes associated with these tumors, we evaluated the waiting period before surgery, neurological symptoms including motor, sensory, urinary, and rectal dysfunction, modified McCormick scale, Macnab's outcome assessment of patient satisfaction, surgical procedure, tumor location, and histological diagnosis...
September 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914337/obesity-how-much-does-it-matter-for-female-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#9
Natharnia Young, Ixora Kamisan Atan, Rodrigo Guzman Rojas, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to determine the association between body mass index (BMI) and symptoms and signs of female pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study of 964 archived datasets of women seen for symptoms and signs of lower urinary tract and pelvic organ dysfunction between September 2011 and February 2014 at a tertiary urogynaecology centre in Australia was carried out. An in-house standardised interview, the International Continence Society Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (ICS POP-Q) and 4-D translabial ultrasound, followed by analysis of ultrasound volumes for pelvic organ descent and hiatal area on Valsalva, were performed, blinded against other data...
September 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904297/sex-differences-in-the-excretion-levels-of-traditional-and-novel-urinary-biomarkers-of-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#10
Satoshi Tsuji, Masayuki Sugiura, Shunsuke Tsutsumi, Hisaharu Yamada
Urinary biomarkers have been used widely in preclinical toxicity studies to detect dysfunctions and injuries of the kidney caused by drugs under development. While they have been well studied for evaluating nephrotoxicity, knowledge of sex differences in excretion levels of urinary biomarkers remains inadequate. We conducted experiments focused on effects of endogenous sex hormones on urinary biomarkers using intact and castrated male and female rats. Comparisons of the urinary biomarker excretion levels between intact male and female rats at 5, 7, 9 and 12 weeks of age revealed higher excretion levels of leucine aminopeptidase (LAP), γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γGTP), total protein, liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), cystatin C (Cys-C) and β2-microglobulin (β2-MG), and lower excretion level of kidney injury molecule 1 (Kim-1), in male rats as compared to female rats...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891846/quality-of-life-in-rectal-cancer-patients-after-chemoradiation-watch-and-wait-policy-versus-standard-resection-a-matched-controlled-study
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Britt J P Hupkens, Milou H Martens, Jan H Stoot, Maaike Berbee, Jarno Melenhorst, Regina G Beets-Tan, Geerard L Beets, Stéphanie O Breukink
BACKGROUND: Fifteen to twenty percent of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer have a clinical complete response after chemoradiation therapy. These patients can be offered nonoperative organ-preserving treatment, the so-called watch-and-wait policy. The main goal of this watch-and-wait policy is an anticipated improved quality of life and functional outcome in comparison with a total mesorectal excision, while maintaining a good oncological outcome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life of watch-and-wait patients with a matched-controlled group of patients who underwent chemoradiation and surgery (total mesorectal excision group)...
October 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891039/a-systematic-review-of-transabdominal-levator-division-during-abdominoperineal-excision-of-the-rectum-aper
#12
D L H Baird, C Simillis, C Kontovounisios, Q Sheng, S Nikolaou, W L Law, S Rasheed, P P Tekkis
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the surgical technique, short-term oncological and perioperative outcomes for the transabdominal division of the levator ani muscles during abdominoperineal excision of the rectum (APER). METHODS: A systematic review was performed to identify studies reporting on transabdominal division of the levator ani during APER. A comprehensive literature search was performed using a combination of free-text terms and controlled vocabulary when applicable on the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials in the Cochrane Library...
September 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875008/renal-hemosiderosis-among-iranian-transfusion-dependent-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-patients
#13
Mozhgan Hashemieh, Mitra Radfar, Azita Azarkeivan, Seyed Mohammad Taghi Hosseini Tabatabaei, Sedigheh Nikbakht, Mehdi Yaseri, Kourosh Sheibani
Background: In recent years, the success in management of thalassemic patients, has allowed for some previously unrecognized complications including renal abnormalities to emerge. This prospective study aimed to investigate kidney iron overload by means of MRI T2* and also renal function based on laboratory tests for early markers of glomerular and tubular dysfunction among adult Iranian transfusion-dependent thalassemia major patients. Subjects and Methods: Two-hundred and two patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia major were included in this study in Zafar Adult Thalassemia Center, Tehran, Iran...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869807/prolonged-toilet-training-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-case-control-study
#14
Flávia Cristina de Carvalho Mrad, André Avarese de Figueiredo, José de Bessa, José Murillo Bastos Netto
OBJECTIVES: Children with Down syndrome have delayed psychomotor development, which is a factor that influences the level of difficulty in toilet training. The current study aims to estimate the age toilet training starts and completes in children with DS compared to children with normal psychomotor development and to evaluate the method and type of toilet training most frequently used, as well as its association with lower urinary tract symptoms and functional constipation. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out from 2010 to 2015...
September 1, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845723/pelvic-floor-muscle-function-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-female-athlete
#15
Ellen K Casey, Kate Temme
Urinary incontinence, defined as involuntary leakage of urine, is often considered a disorder of post-partum and post-menopausal women. However, this disorder is not exclusive to older women, as recent research has demonstrated a high prevalence of urinary incontinence among young, nulliparous female athletes. In fact, females participating in repetitive, high-impact sports are at the highest risk for urinary incontinence. In these athletes, the absence of sufficient pelvic floor strength and coordination to withstand sport related increases in intra-abdominal pressure results in physical activity related urinary incontinence, and may be a predictor of urinary incontinence in later adulthood...
September 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835420/evaluating-the-voiding-spot-assay-in-mice-a-simple-method-with-complex-environmental-interactions
#16
Huan Chen, Lanlan Zhang, Warren G Hill, Weiqun Yu
The voiding spot assay (VSA) on filter paper is an increasingly popular method for studying lower urinary tract physiology in mice. However, the ways VSA are performed differ significantly between laboratories, and many variables are introduced compared to the mouse's normal housing situation. Rodents are intelligent social animals, and it is increasingly understood that social and environmental stresses have significant effects on their physiology. Surprisingly, little is known about whether change of environment during VSA affects mouse voiding, and what the best methodologies are for retaining 'natural' micturition patterns...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827036/urinary-incontinence-and-associated-female-sexual-dysfunction
#17
REVIEW
Erin R Duralde, Tami S Rowen
INTRODUCTION: Urinary incontinence (UI) and sexual dysfunction are common conditions often undiagnosed and untreated in women and are associated with decreased quality of life. AIM: To evaluate the relation between UI and female sexual dysfunction (FSD), considering incontinence type and the psychosocial and physiologic aspects of sexual function. METHODS: PubMed search of terms related to UI and FSD from 1979 to 2016 generated 603 published references, of which 26 were included...
August 18, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812109/vibratory-perineal-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review
#18
Marina Petter Rodrigues, Luciana Laureano Paiva, José Geraldo Lopes Ramos, Lia Ferla
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The pelvic floor muscles (PFM) play an important part in the urinary continence mechanism. Changes in their structure and functionality may lead to a predisposition to pelvic floor dysfunction such as urinary incontinence (UI), which is the involuntary loss of urine. Some techniques for conservative treatment of UI are already well documented. However, new approaches have been found that require scientific proof of their effectiveness, such as vibratory stimulation (VS)...
August 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807625/role-of-urodynamics-in-management-of-urethral-diverticulum-in-females
#19
Kuan-Jung Lin, Yu-Hua Fan, Alex Tong-Long Lin
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the urodynamic findings of urethral diverticula (UD). We characterized the symptoms and urodynamic findings in women with UD. METHODS: A retrospective review of all women in a single center having surgical treatment for symptomatic UD between May 2004 and September 2014 was done. Lower urinary tract symptoms were evaluated with International Prostate Symptom Score and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score questionnaires. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging and videourodynamic study (VUDS) prior to surgery, and postoperative evaluation with VUDS...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794589/is-urodynamic-study-is-a-necessity-for-evaluation-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-postmenopausal-female-patients-result-of-a-prospective-observational-study
#20
Sunirmal Choudhury, Susanta Kumar Das, Debarshi Jana, Dilip Kumar Pal
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the causes of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in postmenopausal female patients (PMFP) and correlate their symptoms with their urodynamic study (UDS) findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study analyzing the clinical and UDS findings of PMFP presenting with LUTS. A detailed history including history of diabetes, neurological disease, drug history, and pelvic surgeries was taken, followed by physical examination and urodynamic assessment...
July 2017: Urology Annals
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