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Female urinary dysfunction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218698/risk-factors-of-overactive-bladder-syndrome-and-its-relation-to-sexual-function-in-menopausal-women
#1
Sevil Hakimi, Elham Aminian, Sakineh Mohammad- Alizadeh Charandabi, Parvin Bastani, Marzieh Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Overactive bladder syndrome is a common and annoying complication worldwide that could negatively affect the quality of life of afflicted individuals. We aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of overactive bladder syndrome and its relation to sexual function in healthy menopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done on 340 women aged 45-60 years in Tabriz, northwest Iran, during 2015-2016. Data were collected using a demographic data questionnaire, the Overactive Bladder Syndrome Score, and the McCoy Female Sexuality Questionnaire...
December 4, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214305/cardiovascular-outcomes-according-to-urinary-albumin-and-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-at-high-cardiovascular-risk-observations-from-the-savor-timi-53-trial
#2
Benjamin M Scirica, Ofri Mosenzon, Deepak L Bhatt, Jacob A Udell, Ph Gabriel Steg, Darren K McGuire, KyungAh Im, Estella Kanevsky, Christina Stahre, Mikaela Sjöstrand, Itamar Raz, Eugene Braunwald
Importance: An elevated level of urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) is a marker of renal dysfunction and predictor of kidney failure/death in patients with type 2 diabetes. The prognostic use of UACR in established cardiac biomarkers is not well described. Objective: To evaluate whether UACR offers incremental prognostic benefit beyond risk factors and established plasma cardiovascular biomarkers. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Saxagliptin Assessment of Vascular Outcomes Recorded in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (SAVOR-TIMI) 53 study was performed from May 2010 to May 2013 and evaluated the safety of saxagliptin vs placebo in patients with type 2 diabetes with overt cardiovascular disease or multiple risk factors...
December 6, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211350/the-angiotensin-ii-receptors-type-1-blockage-affects-the-urinary-bladder-activity-in-hyperosmolar-induced-detrusor-overactivity-in-rats-preliminary-results
#3
Kajetan Juszczak, Piotr Maciukiewicz
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II receptors play a role in the pathogenesis of urinary bladder dysfunction, especially in the case of bladder outlet obstruction. The function of these receptors in the detrusor overactivity (DO) still remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The study aims to investigate some of the mechanisms through which hyperosmolarity induces urinary bladder overactivity. The effect of angiotensin II receptor type 1 - AT1 (telmisartan) on urinary bladder function in physiological state and in hyperosmolar-induced DO in rat model was explored...
October 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209135/first-case-of-cross-auxiliary-double-domino-donor-liver-transplantation
#4
Zhi-Jun Zhu, Lin Wei, Wei Qu, Li-Ying Sun, Ying Liu, Zhi-Gui Zeng, Liang Zhang, En-Hui He, Hai-Ming Zhang, Ji-Dong Jia, Zhong-Tao Zhang
We report a case of double domino liver transplantation in a 32-year-old woman who was diagnosed with familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) and liver dysfunction. A two-stage surgical plan was designed, and one domino graft was implanted during each stage. During the first stage, an auxiliary domino liver transplantation was conducted using a domino graft from a 4-year-old female child with Wilson's disease. After removing the right lobe of the FAP patient's liver, the graft was rotated 90 degrees counterclockwise and placed along the right side of the inferior vena cava (IVC)...
November 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175131/sacrocolpopexy-with-polyvinylidene-fluoride-mesh-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-mid-term-comparative-outcomes-with-polypropylene-mesh
#5
Raffaele Balsamo, Ester Illiano, Alessandro Zucchi, Franca Natale, Antonio Carbone, Marco De Sio, Elisabetta Costantini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the surgical, anatomical, and functional outcomes of sacrocolpopexy (SCP) using polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) mesh versus SCP using the standard polypropylene (PP) mesh. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective single centre case-control study including female patients who underwent laparoscopic or abdominal SCP for POP with either PP (Cousin Biotech®) or PVDF (DynaMesh®-PRS) mesh between March 2005 and May 2015. Anatomical outcomes were assessed by the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) system...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156856/clinical-and-surgical-outcomes-of-upper-lumbar-disc-herniations-a-retrospective-study
#6
Burak Karaaslan, Ayfer Aslan, Alp Özgün Börcek, Memduh Kaymaz
Background/aim: Upper lumbar disc herniation (LDH), generally involving L1?L2 and L2?L3 level herniation, is less common than lower LDH and, in this retrospective study, the clinical and radiological findings of patients who suffered from upper LDH and were operated on due to this pathology were reviewed. Materials and methods: Data regarding neurological and radiological findings of patients operated on between January 2005 and December 2013 were retrospectively collected. During this period, 3494 patients had surgery for LDH, and 129 of these patients had disc herniation at the upper levels...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141938/stimulation-of-the-sensory-pudendal-nerve-increases-bladder-capacity-in-the-rat
#7
James A Hokanson, Christopher L Langdale, Arun Sridhar, Warren M Grill
Pudendal nerve stimulation is a promising treatment approach for lower urinary tract dysfunction, including symptoms of overactive bladder. Despite some promising clinical studies, there remain many unknowns as to how best to stimulate the pudendal nerve to maximize therapeutic efficacy. We quantified changes in bladder capacity and voiding efficiency during single-fill cystometry in response to electrical stimulation of the sensory branch of the pudendal nerve in urethane-anesthetized female Wistar rats. Increases in bladder capacity were dependent on both stimulation amplitude and rate...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132118/primary-malignant-melanoma-of-the-female-urethra-report-of-a-rare-neoplasm-of-the-urinary-tract
#8
Namita Bhutani, Pradeep Kajal, Devendra Pawar
INTRODUCTION: Melanoma is a malignant tumor that can affect any area of the anatomical economy. Its occurance in the female urethra is extremely rare. We report a case of primary malignant urethral melanoma developed in an elderly female patient. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 70 years old female presented with dysuria, poor stream, gross haematuria, intermittent blood spots, and a painful mass. On physical examination, there were no suspicious lesions on the skin. On external genital examination, a lesion at the level of the urethral meatus was observed...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100969/imipramine-for-refractory-daytime-incontinence-in-the-pediatric-population
#9
Israel Franco, Angela M Arlen, Therese Collett-Gardere, Paul F Zelkovic
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Lower urinary tract (LUT) and voiding dysfunction constitute a large percentage of pediatric urology referrals. Children with urinary incontinence unresponsive to behavioral modifications and traditional pharmacotherapy including anticholinergics and alpha blockers remain a challenge. We evaluated the impact of imipramine on treatment outcomes in children with refractory incontinence. STUDY DESIGN: Children ≤18 years of age with refractory non-neurogenic daytime incontinence prescribed imipramine were identified...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094914/testosterone-therapy-review-of-clinical-applications
#10
REVIEW
Ryan C Petering, Nathan A Brooks
Testosterone therapy is increasingly common in the United States, and many of these prescriptions are written by primary care physicians. There is conflicting evidence on the benefit of male testosterone therapy for age-related declines in testosterone. Physicians should not measure testosterone levels unless a patient has signs and symptoms of hypogonadism, such as loss of body hair, sexual dysfunction, hot flashes, or gynecomastia. Depressed mood, fatigue, decreased strength, and a decreased sense of vitality are less specific to male hypogonadism...
October 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083137/efficacy-and-acceptance-of-the-sacral-neuromodulation-in-the-treatment-of-female-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunctions
#11
Biagio Adile, Patrizia Speciale, Giorgio Gugliotta, Paola Consiglio, Maria Manzone, Giorgio Adile, Salvatore Saitta, Antonino Perino, Gloria Calagna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071360/prospective-observational-study-of-the-impact-of-vaginal-surgery-pelvic-organ-prolapse-with-or-without-urinary-incontinence-on-female-sexual-function
#12
Veenu Tyagi, Mahesh Perera, Karen Guerrero, Suzanne Hagen, Stewart Pringle
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is a difference of opinion in the literature as to whether pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a direct cause of female sexual dysfunction (FSD). Sexual function in women is negatively impacted by the presence of urinary symptoms. Thus, sexual dysfunction (SD) might be improved, unchanged, or worsened by pelvic floor surgery. METHODS: In this study, we observed SD and impact of surgical intervention on female sexual function (FSF) using a validated Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire Short Form (PISQ-12) in women undergoing surgery for POP with or without urinary incontinence...
October 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066307/aromatase-inhibitors-are-associated-with-low-sexual-desire-causing-distress-and-fecal-incontinence-in-women-an-observational-study
#13
Penelope J Robinson, Robin J Bell, Marie K Christakis, Stephanie R Ivezic, Susan R Davis
BACKGROUND: Little is known of the impact of aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy on sexual and pelvic floor function. AIM: To document the prevalence of, and factors associated with, low desire, sexually related personal distress, hypoactive sexual desire dysfunction (HSDD), and pelvic floor dysfunction in women 10 years after breast cancer diagnosis. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, community-based cohort study of Australian women with invasive breast cancer recruited within 12 months of diagnosis...
December 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023939/comparing-a-novel-hand-held-device-peritron-to-standard-urodynamics-in-measuring-intravesical-pressure
#14
Vladimir A Ruzhynsky, Stephanie Bitzos, Ing Goping, Sidney B Radomski
AIMS: Peritron+ is a new handheld device, which can be attached to a urethral catheter to measure intravesical pressures (Pves). The goal of this study was to assess if Pves recorded by standard urodynamics (UDs) are comparable to those recorded by the Peritron+. METHODS: Patients with voiding dysfunction and an indication for UD underwent measurement of Pves with nonvideo UD and Peritron+. Pves were recorded at volumes of 50, 100, and 200 mL for the supine and sitting positions...
October 11, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988230/urinary-kidney-injury-molecule-1-but-not-urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-is-increased-after-short-maximal-exercise
#15
Wojciech Wołyniec, Wojciech Ratkowski, Robert Urbański, Maria Bartoszewicz, Danuta Siluk, Zuzanna Wołyniec, Katarzyna Kasprowicz, Katarzyna Zorena, Marcin Renke
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Urinary neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (uNGAL) and urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1) are markers of acute kidney injury. The albuminuria is a well-known abnormality after physical exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in uNGAL and uKIM-1 after intensive exercise causing albuminuria. METHODS: The study population consisted of 19 participants (10 males and 9 females). The mean age of participants was 35...
October 7, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986089/anterior-deflected-urinary-stream
#16
Wisam Abbas, Mark Woodward, Mohamed Sameh Shalaby
We present a case of anterior deflected urinary stream (ADUS) secondary to meatal shelf with no dysfunctional voiding symptoms (DV). The video illustrates the presentation, operative management and literature review. Meatal deformity in girls has been described in association with DV. Hoebeke et al. highlighted the strong correlation between meatal abnormality and non-neurogenic bladder dysfunction in girls. They demonstrated that girls with ADUS had more severe dysfunction on urodynamics. Klijn et al. prospectively evaluated the effect of surgical meatal correction in girls with ADUS...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976343/urodynamics-before-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-female-patients-an-open-debate
#17
Enrico Finazzi Agro, Valerio Iacovelli, Ester Illiano, Elisabetta Costantini
Currently the debate on the role of urodynamic tests in the preoperative evaluation of female stress urinary incontinence is alight. Although urodynamic investigation (UDI) has been considered mandatory before surgery in all female patients affected by stress urinary incontinence, nowadays international guidelines are more cautious. Literature on this topic has been reviewed in order to clarify the role of UDI before surgery for "complicated" and "uncomplicated" stress urinary incontinence in female patients...
October 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950397/urinary-incontinence-in-physically-active-young-women-prevalence-and-related-factors
#18
Jessica Oliveira Alves, Soraia Tonon Da Luz, Sofia Brandão, Clarissa Medeiros Da Luz, Renato Natal Jorge, Thuane Da Roza
This cross-sectional survey aims to (1) verify the prevalence of urinary incontinence and its impact on the quality of life among nulliparous fit women, and to (2) analyze whether urinary incontinence is influenced by the intensity of the sport (high- vs. low-impact) or by the volume of physical activity (minutes per week) performed. Two hundred forty-five nulliparous women (18-40 years) completed the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form, the Kings Health Questionnaire and a questionnaire regarding demographic and training variables...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939941/kidney-involvement-in-psoriasis-a-case-control-study-from-china
#19
Fang Ren, Min Zhang, Liying Hao, Hong Sang
PURPOSE: Kidney involvement secondary to psoriasis is still a controversial issue. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of urinary abnormalities in psoriasis patients and to find out whether the abnormality is related to the severity of psoriasis. METHODS: Ninety-seven psoriasis patients (62 females, 35 males, mean age 35.74 ± 13.45 years) and ninety-six age- and gender-matched control subjects (58 males, 38 females, mean age 35.82 ± 13.48 years) without hypertension or diabetes were enrolled in this study...
November 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929201/pelvic-floor-disorders-in-women-with-gynecologic-malignancies-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Aparna S Ramaseshan, Jessica Felton, Dana Roque, Gautam Rao, Andrea G Shipper, Tatiana V D Sanses
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) negatively affect quality of life in the general population, and their prevalence in gynecologic cancer survivors has not been systematically described. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of PFDs in cancer survivors. We hypothesized that the prevalence of PFDs in the gynecologic cancer population would be higher than in the general female population. METHODS: We searched PubMed (1809 to present), EMBASE (1974 to present), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) through May 2017...
September 19, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
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