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Urinary retention far

Rui Luo, Song Liang Lee, Foo Cheong Ng, Li-Tsa Koh
We describe three cases of inadvertent placement of the urinary catheter into the ureter. An 85-year-old gentleman on long-term indwelling catheter (IDC) for neurogenic bladder presented with fever and right flank pain. CT of abdomen and pelvis demonstrated the tip of the IDC to be located within the right vesicoureteric junction with acute right hydronephrosis and acute pyelonephritis. A 74-year-old woman, on long-term IDC for neurogenic bladder was found to have hydronephrosis on ultrasound imaging. Contrast-enhanced CT intravenous pyelography done subsequently showed the IDC was in the right distal ureter...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Urology
Peng Xu, Abai Xu, Binshen Chen, Shaobo Zheng, Yawen Xu, Hulin Li, Haiyan Shen, Chunxiao Liu
Objective: According to the EAU Guidelines, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) has so far still been considered as the gold standard for surgical treatment for patients with obstructing clinical benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). However, its relatively high rate of complications and postoperative recurrence necessitates further modification and innovation on the surgery technique. We reported the patient outcomes with our technique. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 52 patients with obstructing clinical BPH who underwent bipolar transurethral enucleation and resection of the prostate (B-TUERP) between March 2015 and September 2015...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Urology
Yasir Bashir, Quart Ul Ain, Muhammad Jouda, Osama Al Sahaf
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous Suprapubic urinary bladder catheterisation (SPC) is a common procedure performed in cases of urinary retention where attempt to pass urethral catheter has failed. However, the procedure requires meticulous precision, vigilance and sound knowledge of anatomy, to avoid grave complications. We are reporting a very rare complication of Suprapubic catheterisation that is small bowel obstruction. Our case is first Irish and 10th global case of small bowel obstruction secondary to SPC...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Matthew J Kaptein, Elaine M Kaptein
We propose that renal consults are enhanced by incorporating a nephrology-focused ultrasound protocol including ultrasound evaluation of cardiac contractility, the presence or absence of pericardial effusion, inferior vena cava size and collapsibility to guide volume management, bladder volume to assess for obstruction or retention, and kidney size and structure to potentially gauge chronicity of renal disease or identify other structural abnormalities. The benefits of immediate and ongoing assessment of cardiac function and intravascular volume status (prerenal), possible urinary obstruction or retention (postrenal), and potential etiologies of acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease far outweigh the limitations of bedside ultrasonography performed by nephrologists...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
Jamshaid Iqbal, Jumanah Al-Rashed, Elijah O Kehinde
BACKGROUND: Despite a worldwide common and progressive nature of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) in older men, no association has been observed between a causative pathogen and other etiology so far. METHODS: In this study, we investigated a causative association of Trichomonas vaginalis, a flagellate protozoan parasite, in 171 BPH cases presenting without symptoms of prostatitis at a surgical outpatient clinic in Kuwait. We detected T. vaginalis DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and T...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Kathryn Griffin Cunningham, O Lenaine Westney
INTRODUCTION: Sacral chordoma is a rare malignant tumor arising from remnants of the notochord. Due to its propensity for recurrence, the treatment of choice is surgical resection. Orthopedic and neurosurgical literature describe bladder dysfunction as prevalent in these patients, specifically urinary incontinence, however urologic literature is lacking in the exact nature of this dysfunction. Thus far, Sacral Nerve Stimulation (SNS) has not been described as a treatment option for these patients...
December 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
A Bouty, Y Lefevre, L Harper, E Dobremez
INTRODUCTION: Urethral duplication is extremely rare in girls, with less than 40 cases reported so far. Most of them present as a prepubic sinus. Literature is scare regarding aetiology, classification and management in other forms. This study presents three cases of sagittal urethral duplication in girls presenting a main hypospadiac urethra and an accessory epispadiac urethra. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed of three girls with urethral duplication managed over a 30-year period at a single institution...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Hsin-Hsiao S Wang, Rohit Tejwani, Glenn M Cannon, Patricio C Gargollo, John S Wiener, Jonathan C Routh
INTRODUCTION: Open ureteroneocystostomy (UNC) is the gold standard for surgical correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Beyond single-center reports, there are few published data on outcomes of minimally-invasive (MIS) UNC. Our objective was to compare postoperative outcomes of open and MIS UNC using national, population-level data. METHOD: We reviewed the 1998-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample to identify pediatric (≤18 years) VUR patients who underwent either open or MIS UNC...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Dimitrios Basoulis, Maria Mylona, Pantelis Toskas, Dimitris Tsilingiris, Christina Fytili
Meningitis-retention syndrome (MRS) is a clinical entity that has recently appeared in the literature. We present the case of a 22-year-old man with fever and headache who, in the course of his hospitalization with a diagnosis of aseptic meningitis, developed acute urinary retention. Fewer than 30 such cases have been described and in several of them, no clear associations with other disorders have been made. In some cases, direct association with viral infection has been proved, and in others, there are indications of an underlying demyelinating condition...
September 2015: International Neurourology Journal
Huy-Hoang Nguyen, Antje Eiden-Plach, Frank Hannemann, Ewa M Malunowicz, Michaela F Hartmann, Stefan A Wudy, Rita Bernhardt
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder of steroidogenesis. Steroid 11β-hydroxylase deficiency (11β-OHD) due to mutations in the CYP11B1 gene is the second most common form of CAH. In this study, 6 patients suffering from CAH were diagnosed with 11β-OHD using urinary GC-MS steroid metabolomics analysis. The molecular basis of the disorder was investigated by molecular genetic analysis of the CYP11B1 gene, functional characterization of splicing and missense mutations, and analysis of the missense mutations in a computer model of CYP11B1...
January 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Zachary Binder, Kathryn Iwata, Michael Mojica, Howard B Ginsburg, Justin Henning, Naomi Strubel, Philip Kahn
BACKGROUND: Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a rare diagnosis both in pediatric and adult female populations, especially when compared to adult males. AUR occurs in women at a rate of 7 in 100,000 per year in a 1:13 female to male ratio. Multiple studies have shown that within the pediatric population AUR is far less common in females and is caused by different pathologies than AUR in adult women. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an 11 year-old prepubescent female who presented to the emergency department with acute urinary retention found to be caused by a mature cystic ovarian teratoma...
November 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
William Kondo, Reitan Ribeiro, Monica Tessmann Zomer, Renata Hayashi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the technique of laparoscopic double discoid resection with a circular stapler for bowel endometriosis. DESIGN: Case report (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Private hospital in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. PATIENT: A 33-year-old woman was referred to our service complaining about cyclic dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and cyclic dyschezia. Transvaginal ultrasound with bowel preparation showed a 6-cm endometriotic nodule at the retrocervical area, uterosacral ligaments, posterior vaginal fornix, and anterior rectal wall, infiltrating up to the submucosa, 5 cm far from the anal verge...
September 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Erin Bresnahan, Andrew Bates, Andrew Wu, Mark Reiner, Brian Jacob
BACKGROUND: The use of self-gripping mesh during laparoscopic TEP inguinal hernia repairs may eliminate the need for any additional fixation, and thus reduce post-operative pain without the added concern for mesh migration. Long-term outcomes are not yet prospectively studied in a controlled fashion. METHODS: Under IRB approval, from January 2011-April 2013, 91 hernias were repaired laparoscopically with self-gripping mesh without additional fixation. Patients were followed for at least 1 year...
September 2015: Surgical Endoscopy
Alhafidz Hamdan, Rajeev Padmanabhan
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are acquired lesions presenting typically with neurologic deficits secondary to chronic congestive myelopathy. The low-flow and low-volume nature of these lesions makes hemorrhage very unlikely, and intramedullary hemorrhage caused by thoracolumbar dural AVFs is exceedingly rare. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report a case of intramedullary hemorrhage caused by a thoracolumbar dural AVF. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: The study design included a case report and review of literature...
February 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Julijana Vuchkova, Maria Koltun, Kerryn Greive, Wayne D Comper
Albuminuria in nephrotic states is thought to arise from the formation of large pores in the glomerular capillary wall as large hydrodynamic probes, like Ficoll, have increased fractional clearance. In the present study, we tested for large pore formation in a novel manner. We accounted for the rates of plasma elimination as determined for tritium-labeled tracers of uncharged polydisperse Ficoll (radii range: 35-85 Å) and two globular (14)C-labeled proteins, albumin (radius: 36 Å) and IgG (radius: 55 Å), in control and puromycin aminonucleoside nephrotic (PAN) Sprague-Dawley rats...
September 1, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Rajiv Mahendru
OBJECTIVE: Considering the great variety of techniques and disagreement about the ideal route, there is a need for a safe, simple and effective method for the management of apical prolapse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty seven cases of post- hysterectomy vault prolapse (twenty four following vaginal and three after total abdominal hysterectomy) were treated surgically by anterior abdominal wall colpopexy with autogenous rectus fascia strips. RESULT: Except for minor complaints like- vomiting, fever and urinary retention in 3...
2010: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
I E Gorgun, I Emre Gorgun, Erman Aytac, Meagan M Costedio, Hasan H Erem, Michael A Valente, Luca Stocchi
BACKGROUND: Large polyps and early carcinomas of the rectum may be excised with transanal endoscopic surgery (TES). Single-port techniques are emerging in the field of colorectal surgery and have been adapted to many colorectal procedures so far. In this article, we aimed to present our initial experience with TES using a single access port with its technical details. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing TES using a single access port between July 2010 and January 2013 were included in the study...
March 2014: Surgical Endoscopy
Carolina Staut Pinhal, Agnes Lopes, Daniele Bráz Torres, Sergio Luis Felisbino, José Antônio Rocha Gontijo, Patrícia Aline Boer
BACKGROUND: Evidence is emerging that highlights the far-reaching consequences of a high-fat diet (HFD) on kidney morphology and function disorders. METHODS: The present study was performed on 3-, 5-, 7- and 9-week-old HFD female rats compared with the appropriate gender and age-matched animals. We evaluated the kidney expression of angiotensin type II receptor and fibrotic and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers, by immunoblotting and immunohistochemical and histological techniques, in parallel with kidney function...
October 2013: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Ernst Hund
Transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) is a fatal clinical disorder characterized by extracellular deposition of abnormal fibrils derived from misfolded, normally soluble transthyretin (TTR) molecules. The disease is most commonly caused by a point mutation within the TTR gene inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. Over 100 of such mutations have been identified, leading to destabilization of the physiological TTR tetramer. As a result, many monomers originate with a tendency for spontaneous conformational changes and self-aggregation...
2012: Application of Clinical Genetics
B Ali-El-Dein, A Mosbah, Y Osman, N El-Tabey, M Abdel-Latif, I Eraky, A A Shaaban
PURPOSE: To prospectively present the technique, functional and oncological outcome of internal genitalia sparing cystectomy for bladder cancer in 15 selected women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1995 and December 2010, 305 women underwent orthotopic neobladder after radical cystectomy. Of these, 15 cases with a mean age of 42 years underwent genitalia sparing. Inclusion criteria included stage (T2b N0 Mo or less, as assessed preoperatively, unifocal tumors away from the trigone, sexually active young women and internal genitalia free of tumor...
April 2013: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
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