Read by QxMD icon Read


Tae Hee Lee, Hwan Heo, Sang Woo Park
The development of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has changed the clinical management of ophthalmic diseases by furthering the understanding of pathogenesis, as well as improving the monitoring of their progression and assisting in quantifying the response to treatment modalities in ophthalmic diseases. Initially, the two-dimensional configuration of the optic nerve head (ONH) and the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) were the main OCT structural parameters used in clinical management of optic nerve diseases...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
Zsuzsa Balogh, Márta Kasza, Julianna Várdai, Izabella Reznek, Judit Damjanovich, Adrienne Csutak, András Berta, Valéria Nagy
This study aimed to assess the relationship between the rate of nerve fiber loss in non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) and time delay before therapy. Total 24 patients received the same treatment within or after 2wk (early and late groups). There were significantly lower level of destruction of nerve fibers (P=0.0014) and significantly better visual field sensitivity (P=0.039) in early group. The results indicate that therapy should be started within 2wk. The degree of ischemic damage due to NAION correlates well with retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and the ischemia-induced decrease in visual field sensitivity...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Dean M Cestari, Eric D Gaier, Peggy Bouzika, Taylor S Blachley, Lindsey B De Lott, Joseph F Rizzo, Janey L Wiggs, Jae H Kang, Louis R Pasquale, Joshua D Stein
OBJECTIVE: Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is a devastating ocular condition causing permanent vision loss. Little is known about risk factors for developing this disease. We assessed demographic, systemic, and ocular factors associated with NAION. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Beneficiaries between 40 and 75 years old without NAION at baseline enrolled in a large U.S. managed care network...
September 19, 2016: Ophthalmology
Masoud Aghsaei Fard, Marjan Afzali, Parisa Abdi, Rebecca Chen, Mehdi Yaseri, Ebrahim Azaripour, Sasan Moghimi
PURPOSE: To compare optic nerve head (ONH) morphology of optic nerve atrophy between eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and eyes with a history of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic atrophy (NAION) using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 121 eyes of 91 patients consisted of moderate to severe POAG (n = 32 eyes), visual field mean deviation-matched NAION (n = 30 eyes) and their fellow eyes (n = 30 eyes), and healthy controls (n = 29)...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Eric D Gaier, Nurhan Torun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is the most common cause of acute optic nerve injury, and frequently presents to comprehensive ophthalmologists. We review the typical and atypical clinical features and current literature on various treatment modalities for NAION. RECENT FINDINGS: The epidemiology and clinical presentation of this disease can be variable, making a definitive diagnosis difficult in many cases. In addition, the differential diagnoses for this disorder, although comprising much less prevalent entities, are quite broad and can have substantial systemic implications if these alternatives go unrecognized...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Lina Nagia, Carrie Huisingh, John Johnstone, Lanning B Kline, Mark Clark, Michael J A Girard, Jean Martial Mari, Christopher A Girkin
PURPOSE: This study examined the peripapillary choroidal thickness (PCT) in nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) in comparison to contralateral eyes and normal eyes. METHODS: We used enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography to image the optic nerve head of 20 NAION, 10 contralateral eyes, and 102 normal eyes. Following compensation, the scans were manually delineated to identify relevant surfaces including Bruch's membrane opening (BMO), Bruch's membrane, and anterior sclera...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Prem S Subramanian, Lynn K Gordon, Laura Bonelli, Anthony C Arnold
BACKGROUND: The time of onset of optic disc swelling in non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is not known, and it is commonly assumed to arise simultaneously with vision loss. Our goal is to report the presence and persistence of optic disc swelling without initial vision loss and its subsequent evolution to typical, symptomatic NAION. METHODS: Clinical case series of patients with optic disc swelling and normal visual acuity and visual fields at initial presentation who progressed to have vision loss typical of NAION...
August 26, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Yueh-Chang Lee, Jen-Hung Wang, Tzu-Lun Huang, Rong-Kung Tsai
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and prevalence of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), and to extrapolate the risk of cerebrovascular events following NAION. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: We identified NAION patients first, and then looked for the diagnosis of stroke after the diagnosis of NAION. SETTING: The study group was composed of patients diagnosed with NAION seeking ambulatory care from 2000 to 2011...
October 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Mohammad Pakravan, Nasrin Sanjari, Hamed Esfandiari, Parastou Pakravan, Mehdi Yaseri
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of high-dose intravenous steroids, as well as normobaric oxygen therapy, in the management of recent onset non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). METHOD: Ninety eyes of 90 patients diagnosed with NAION within 14 days of onset were included in this single masked randomized clinical trial. Thirty patients were randomized into each set as group 1 (control), group 2 (steroids), and group 3 (oxygen). Controls received placebo; group 2 received methylprednisolone 500 mg twice a day for 3 days followed by 2 weeks of oral prednisolone 1 mg/kg/day; group 3 received 100 % normobaric oxygen with mask, at a flow rate of 5 liters per minute for 1 hour twice a day for two weeks...
October 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
J Lenk, C Hermann, E Matthé, L E Pillunat, D Sandner
Background: Optic nerve disease can occur from a variety of different causes, with vascular, inflammatory or toxic pathologies. In such cases, it is hardly possible to clarify the aetiology. These diseases of the optic nerve are usually accompanied by progressive loss of visual field and visual impairment. Patient: We report a case of a 74-year-old woman complaining of loss of visual acuity, visual and blurred vision in the left eye in 2010. We made the diagnosis of non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION)...
August 10, 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Min Kyung Kim, Ungsoo Samuel Kim
PURPOSE: We evaluated fundus and fluorescein angiography (FAG) findings and characteristics that can help distinguish nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) from optic neuritis (ON). METHODS: Twenty-three NAION patients and 17 ON with disc swelling patients were enrolled in this study. We performed fundus photography and FAG. The disc-swelling pattern, hyperemia grade, presence of splinter hemorrhages, cotton-wool spots, artery/vein ratio and degree of focal telangiectasia were investigated...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
Elisabet De Dompablo, J García-Montesinos, F J Muñoz-Negrete, G Rebolleda
PURPOSE: To assess the capability of ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness analysis by optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect early neuronal loss in nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). METHODS: Sixteen patients with unilateral NAION participated in this prospective study. Complete ophthalmologic evaluation including visual acuity, visual field (VF) test, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and GCIPL thickness were performed in the acute phase (within 1 week: 2...
September 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Betul S Uysal, Fatma Yulek, Pinar Nalcacioglu, Ozge Sarac, Mucella A Yorgun, Nurullah Cagil
OBJECTIVE: To investigate corneal biomechanical properties among individuals with unilateral nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) compared to healthy gender- and age-matched subjects. METHODS: The study subjects were separated into 2 groups: 66 eyes of 33 patients with unilateral NAION (study group) and 33 eyes of 33 healthy individuals (control group). Reichert ocular response analyzer (Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments) was used to assess corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), corneal-compensated intraocular pressure (IOPcc), and Goldmann-correlated intraocular pressure values...
September 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Mark J Kupersmith, Mona K Garvin, Jui-Kai Wang, Mary Durbin, Randy Kardon
PURPOSE: Optical coherence tomography reveals retinal ganglion cell layer (GCL) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thinning in chronic optic nerve injury. With acute optic nerve injury, as in acute nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), swelling obscures early demonstration of RNFL thinning, which might be used to evaluate therapies. We hypothesized that measurement of GCL plus inner plexiform layer (IPL) thickness and trajectory of thinning would show it is an earlier and more accurate biomarker of early permanent neuronal injury...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Natalie Erlich-Malona, Carlos E Mendoza-Santiesteban, Thomas R Hedges, Nimesh Patel, Caitlin Monaco, Emily Cole
PURPOSE: To determine whether a pattern of altitudinal ganglion cell loss, as detected and measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT), can be used to distinguish non-arteritic ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) from optic neuritis (ON) during the acute phase, and whether the rate or severity of ganglion cell loss differs between the two diseases. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, case-control study of 44 patients (50 eyes) with ON or NAION and 44 age-matched controls...
July 1, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Maria E Rodriguez, Christopher K Burris, Heather D Potter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Ophthalmology
Barbara Giambene, Gianni Virgili, Ugo Menchini
PURPOSE: To compare retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) measurements by Stratus and Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to evaluate agreement between the 2 instruments in retrobulbar optic neuritis (RON), nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), and healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 89 eyes with RON, 92 with NAION (6 to 12 months after diagnosis of acute disease), and 159 control eyes were studied. Average RNFLT was measured by Stratus and Cirrus OCTs...
June 10, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Fabio Di Censo, Matteo Di Censo, Giorgia Colasante, Marco Bordin, Muna Al Oum
INTRODUCTION: Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is one of the most widespread visually disabling diseases in the middle-aged and elderly population. It typically presents as acute painless unilateral vision loss in patients over 50 years of age. The fellow eye of NAION patients is often sequentially affected. Involvement of the second eye occurs within three years in approximately 45%-50% of patients. Currently there is no generally accepted treatment for NAION but a number of medical and surgical therapies have been proposed...
March 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
Leh-Kiong Huon, Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Macario Camacho, Christian Guilleminault
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and ophthalmologic diseases, specifically glaucoma, nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), retinal vein occlusion (RVO), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSR), and floppy eyelid syndrome (FES), by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases were searched for observational studies on OSA and its association with select ophthalmologic diseases...
May 26, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Gema Rebolleda, Javier García-Montesinos, Elisabet De Dompablo, Noelia Oblanca, Francisco J Muñoz-Negrete, Julio J González-López
PURPOSE: To describe the morphological changes in the lamina cribrosa (LC) and prelaminar tissue (PT) from eyes with non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to evaluate whether these changes correlate with retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness and visual acuity (VA). DESIGN/METHODS: A prospective case-control study was performed, including 17 study eyes with NAION and 17 control, uninvolved eyes from 17 patients...
May 9, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"