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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922915/lifestyle-behaviors-perceived-stress-and-inflammation-of-individuals-with-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease
#1
Debra Lynch Kelly, Debra E Lyon, Deidre Periera, Cynthia Garvan, John Wingard
BACKGROUND: Stress is a potent immunomodulator contributing to chronic conditions. Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a life-threatening late effect of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation associated with stress and exaggerated immune response that may be associated to lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore associations among lifestyle behaviors, perceived stress, and inflammation of individuals with cGVHD. METHODS: A secondary analysis from a prospective observational study of 24 adults (≥18 years) with cGVHD was conducted...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922839/safety-of-perioperative-glucocorticoids-in-elective-noncardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Andrew J Toner, Vyhunthan Ganeshanathan, Matthew T Chan, Kwok M Ho, Tomas B Corcoran
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids are increasingly used perioperatively, principally to prevent nausea and vomiting. Safety concerns focus on the potential for hyperglycemia and increased infection. The authors hypothesized that glucocorticoids predispose to such adverse outcomes in a dose-dependent fashion after elective noncardiac surgery. METHODS: The authors conducted a systematic literature search of the major medical databases from their inception to April 2016...
December 6, 2016: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922762/nonchemotherapy-drug-induced-agranulocytosis-in-children-detected-by-a-prospective-pharmacovigilance-program
#3
Nicolás Medrano-Casique, Hoi Y Tong, Alberto M Borobia, Antonio J Carcas, Jesús Frías, Elena Ramírez
OBJECTIVES: A prospective evaluation of nonchemotherapy drug-induced agranulocytosis (DIA) cases, which are infrequent in the pediatric population. We characterize agranulocytosis cases and assess lab test differences between drug- and nondrug-induced agranulocytosis. METHODS: Through our Prospective Pharmacovigilance Program from Laboratory Signals at Hospital we detected pediatric agranulocytosis cases from July 2007 to December 2010. This program estimates the incidence, drug causality, clinical features, outcomes of DIA pediatric cases, and assesses laboratory differences with respect to non-DIA...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921405/thrombolytic-therapy-up-regulates-inflammatory-mediators-compared-to-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-pci
#4
Alireza Garjani, Bahram Sohrabi, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Sina Andalib, Mehriar Shokri, Bahar Taherkhanchi, Bahador Bagheri
The important role of reperfusion therapies in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction is well documented. However, reperfusion therapies can initiate inflammatory response and may damage the myocardium. The purpose of current study was to compare the effects of percutaneous coronary intervention and thrombolytic therapy on inflammatory markers in the setting of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Eighty three patients with STEMI were enrolled in this study. 40 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and 43 patients received streptokinase (1...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921402/developing-a-rat-model-of-dilated-cardiomyopathy-with-improved-survival
#5
Li-Juan Shen, Shu Lu, Yong-Hua Zhou, Lan Li, Qing-Min Xing, Yong-Liang Xu
To compare the continuous infusion and intermittent bolus injection administration protocols of doxorubicin (Dox) under the same cumulative dose (12 mg/kg), and establish a rat dilated cardiomyopathy model with improved survival, a total of 150 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into three groups: a control group, administered with normal saline; a Dox 1 group, administration twice a week at 1 mg/kg; a Dox 2, administration once a week at 2 mg/kg. Mortality rates in the Dox 1 and Dox 2 groups were 22% and 48%, respectively (P<0...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920658/isolated-bilateral-gastrocnemius-myositis-in-crohn-disease-successfully-treated-with-adalimumab
#6
Salvatore Vadala di Prampero, Marco Marino, Francesco Toso, Claudio Avellini, Vu Nguyen, Dario Sorrentino
Extraintestinal manifestations are common in inflammatory bowel disease; however, muscular involvement in Crohn disease is rarely reported. We present a case of a 26-year-old male with ileocolonic Crohn disease who developed sudden tenderness in both calves. Doppler ultrasound was negative for deep vein thrombosis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the gastrocnemius muscle showed high intensity signal in the muscle fibers, and muscle biopsy demonstrated nonspecific lymphocytic myositis. Other relevant laboratory results included normal antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and creatine kinase as well as elevated C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae IgG titer...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920567/evaluation-of-bode-index-and-its-relationship-with-systemic-inflammation-mediated-by-proinflammatory-biomarkers-in-patients-with-copd
#7
Naushad Ahmad Khan, Mradul Kumar Daga, Istaq Ahmad, Govind Mawari, Suman Kumar, Naresh Kumar, Syed Akhter Husain
INTRODUCTION: BODE index, a multidimensional grading system which is based on Body mass index, airway Obstruction, Dyspnea scale, and Exercise capacity, has been increasingly used for the evaluation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Many of the systemic manifestations of COPD are shown to be mediated by elevated levels of proinflammatory biomarkers. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between the BODE index, its components, disease severity, and proinflammatory biomarkers like C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6...
2016: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920003/clinical-significance-of-the-glasgow-prognostic-score-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors
#8
Takaaki Arigami, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Sumiya Ishigami, Shigehiro Yanagita, Keishi Okubo, Yasuto Uchikado, Yoshiaki Kita, Shinichiro Mori, Hiroshi Kurahara, Kosei Maemura, Shoji Natsugoe
AIM: To assess the clinical utility of the Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) as a blood predictor of postoperative recurrence in patients with gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with gastric GISTs undergoing gastrectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were classified based on GPS criteria as follows: GPS of 2: elevated C-reactive protein (>1.0 mg/dl) and hypoalbuminemia (<3.5 g/dl), GPS of 1: one of these hematological abnormalities, and GPS of 0: neither elevated CRP nor hypoalbuminemia...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919983/prognostic-significance-of-inflammatory-and-nutritional-parameters-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#9
Tatsuya Miyazaki, Makoto Sakai, Makoto Sohda, Naritaka Tanaka, Takehiko Yokobori, Yoko Motegi, Masanobu Nakajima, Minoru Fukuchi, Hiroyuki Kato, Hiroyuki Kuwano
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the following preoperative prognostic factors in patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer: C-Reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), serum albumin, prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and body mass index (BMI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 173 men and 19 women with a mean age of 65.8 years (range=42-86 years) who were scheduled to undergo esophagectomy for esophageal cancer...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919972/clinical-burden-of-c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-before-curative-surgery-for-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#10
Yuji Toiyama, Tadanobu Shimura, Hiromi Yasuda, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Yoshiki Okita, Minako Kobayashi, Masaki Ohi, Shigeyuki Yoshiyama, Jyunichiro Hiro, Toshimitsu Araki, Yasuhiro Inoue, Yasuhiko Mohri, Masato Kusunoki
To assess the relationship of C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) to outcomes and surgical site infection (SSI) in gastric cancer (GC) treated with curative intent, we retrospectively assessed 384 patients with GC for CAR, SSIs, disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS) and other factors. We found SSIs in 42 patients (10.9%). Pathological T-stage, TNM classification, body mass index, duration of surgery, blood loss and preoperative CAR were significantly associated with SSIs; in multivariate analyses, CAR [hazard ratio (HR)=2...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919931/low-mt-co1-in-monocytes-and-microvesicles-is-associated-with-outcome-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Paul Holvoet, Maarten Vanhaverbeke, Katarzyna Bloch, Pieter Baatsen, Peter Sinnaeve, Stefan Janssens
BACKGROUND: Cytochrome oxidase (COX) IV complex regulates energy production in mitochondria. Impaired COX gene expression is related to obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, but whether it is directly related to the incidence of cardiovascular events is unknown. We investigated whether COX gene expression in monocytes is predictive for cardiovascular events in coronary artery disease patients. To avoid monocyte isolation from fresh blood, we then aimed to validate our findings in monocyte-derived microvesicles isolated from plasma...
December 5, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919440/partnered-sexual-activity-moderates-menstrual-cycle-related-changes-in-inflammation-markers-in-healthy-women-an-exploratory-observational-study
#12
Tierney K Lorenz, Gregory E Demas, Julia R Heiman
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in inflammation markers in sexually active versus abstinent women and observe changes in inflammation markers across the menstrual cycle. Cycle-related immune fluctuations may have evolved to reduce interference with conception. If so, reproductively active (i.e., sexually active) women should show the most variability in cytokine expression. DESIGN: Participants provided serum samples at menses and ovulation (from which cytokines were assayed) and saliva samples at menses and during follicular, ovulation, and luteal phases (from which C-reactive protein [CRP] was assayed)...
December 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919348/hdl-function-is-impaired-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-independent-of-plasma-hdl-cholesterol-levels
#13
Wijtske Annema, Hendrik M Willemsen, Jan Freark de Boer, Arne Dikkers, Markus van der Giet, Wybe Nieuwland, Anneke C Muller Kobold, L Joost van Pelt, Riemer H J A Slart, Iwan C C van der Horst, Robin P F Dullaart, René A Tio, Uwe J F Tietge
BACKGROUND: High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) protect against the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. HDL function represents an emerging concept in cardiovascular research. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between HDL functionality and acute myocardial infarction (MI) independent of HDL-cholesterol plasma levels. METHODS: Participants (non-ST-segment elevation MI, non-STEMI, n = 41; STEMI, n = 37; non-MI patients, n = 33) from a prospective follow-up study enrolling patients with acute chest pain were matched for age and plasma HDL cholesterol...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919207/safety-and-effectiveness-of-24-week-treatment-with-iguratimod-a-new-oral-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drug-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-interim-analysis-of-a-postmarketing-surveillance-study-of-2679-patients-in-japan
#14
Tsuneyo Mimori, Masayoshi Harigai, Tatsuya Atsumi, Takao Fujii, Masataka Kuwana, Hiroaki Matsuno, Shigeki Momohara, Syuji Takei, Naoto Tamura, Yoshinari Takasaki, Satoshi Ikeuchi, Satoru Kushimoto, Takao Koike
OBJECTIVE: To determine the real-world safety and effectiveness of iguratimod (IGU) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a 52-week, Japanese, postmarketing surveillance study was conducted. An interim analysis at week 24 was performed. METHODS: This study included all RA patients who received IGU following its introduction to the market. All adverse events (AEs) and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were collected. Effectiveness was evaluated by the change in Disease Activity Score 28-C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP) from baseline to week 24...
December 6, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919202/body-mass-index-is-related-with-the-presence-of-syndesmophyte-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-data-from-the-korean-college-of-rheumatology-biologics-kobio-registry
#15
Seong-Kyu Kim, Jung-Yoon Choe, Shin-Seok Lee, Kichul Shin
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether body mass index (BMI) is associated with parameters of disease activity and clinical manifestations in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and radiological features and disease activity indexes from 789 axSpA patients (619 males and 170 females) were obtained from the Korean College of Rheumatology Biologics (KOBIO) registry. BMI (kg/m(2)) was classified into normal (BMI < 23.0), overweight (23.0 ≤ BMI < 25...
December 6, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918846/soy-food-intake-and-biomarkers-of-breast-cancer-risk-possible-difference-in-asian-women
#16
Gertraud Maskarinec, Dan Ju, Yukiko Morimoto, Adrian A Franke, Frank Z Stanczyk
Soy foods may protect against breast cancer in Asian but not in Western populations. We examined if the levels of various markers of breast cancer risk and inflammation, as well as the effects of soy food consumption on these markers, differ between Asian and non-Asian premenopausal women in two soy intervention trials. One study randomized 220 women to a 2-yr intervention and the other one randomized 96 women in a crossover design to examine the effects of consumption of 2 daily soy servings on nipple aspirate fluid (NAF) volume; estrogens in serum, NAF, and urine; insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), IGF-binding protein 3, and inflammatory markers in serum; and mammographic densities...
December 5, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918494/associations-between-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-atrial-fibrillation-and-renal-dysfunction-in-chronic-heart-failure
#17
Onur Argan, Dilek Ural, Guliz Kozdag, Tayfun Sahin, Serdar Bozyel, Mujdat Aktas, Kurtulus Karauzum, Irem Yilmaz, Emir Dervis, Aysen Agir
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) and renal dysfunction are two common comorbidities in patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). This study evaluated the effect of permanent AF on renal function in HFrEF and investigated the associations of atrial fibrillation, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with adverse clinical outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS Serum NGAL levels measured by ELISA and NLR were compared between patients with sinus rhythm (HFrEF-SR, n=68), with permanent AF (HFrEF-AF, n=62), and a healthy control group (n=50)...
December 5, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917651/the-correlation-between-lymphocyte-monocyte-ratio-and-coronary-collateral-circulation-in-stable-coronary-artery-disease-patients
#18
Alparslan Kurtul, Mustafa Duran
AIM: Coronary collateral circulation (CCC) has an important impact on cardiovascular prognosis and well-developed CCC is associated with better clinical outcomes. We investigated whether lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) has an association with CCC in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD). METHODS: The study population consisted of 245 patients with SCAD. Patients were classified into a poor CCC group (Rentrop grades 0/1, n = 87), or good CCC group (Rentrop grades 2/3, n = 158)...
December 5, 2016: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917205/impact-of-weight-loss-on-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-cytokines-in-obese-type-2-diabetic-patients
#19
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Mohammed H Saiem Al-Dahr
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with abnormal markers of inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress markers. Although, these abnormalities could be modulated with weight reduction; there is limitation in clinical studies that have addressed the beneficial effects of weight reduction in modulating biomarkers of inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress for obesity associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to detect the effects of weight loss on the inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress markers in obese type 2 diabetic patients...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916783/reduction-of-visceral-fat-by-liraglutide-is-associated-with-ameliorations-of-hepatic-steatosis-albuminuria-and-micro-inflammation-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-insulin-treatment-a-randomized-control-trial
#20
Ryotaro Bouchi, Yujiro Nakano, Tatsuya Fukuda, Takato Takeuchi, Masanori Murakami, Isao Minami, Hajime Izumiyama, Koshi Hashimoto, Takanobu Yoshimoto, Yoshihiro Ogawa
Liraglutide, an analogue of human glucagon-like peptide 1, reduces cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes; however, it has still been unknown by which mechanisms liraglutide could reduce cardiovascular events. Type 2 diabetic patients with insulin treatment were enrolled in this randomized, open-label, comparative study. Participants were randomly assigned to liraglutide plus insulin (liraglutide group) and insulin treatment (control group) at 1:1 allocation. Primary endpoint was the change in viscera fat are (VFA, cm(2)) at 24 weeks...
December 3, 2016: Endocrine Journal
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