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Smoking c-reactive protein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724840/exposure-to-parental-smoking-in-childhood-is-associated-with-high-c-reactive-protein-in-adulthood-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#1
Di Wang, Markus Juonala, Jorma S A Viikari, Feitong Wu, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Olli T Raitakari, Costan G Magnussen
AIM: Children exposed to parental smoking are at increased long-term risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in adulthood. However, it has not been quantified if exposure to parental smoking in childhood is associated with adult systemic inflammation. This study aimed to determine if childhood exposure to parental smoking was associated with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in adulthood. METHODS: This longitudinal analysis of 2,511 participants used data from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, a prospective cohort of Finnish children...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724442/impact-of-obesity-on-the-response-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-in-axial-spondyloarthritis
#2
Raphael Micheroli, Monika Hebeisen, Lukas M Wildi, Pascale Exer, Giorgio Tamborrini, Jürg Bernhard, Burkhard Möller, Pascal Zufferey, Michael J Nissen, Almut Scherer, Adrian Ciurea
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the impact of obesity on the response to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of different body mass index (BMI) categories on TNFi response in a large cohort of patients with axSpA. METHODS: Patients with axSpA within the Swiss Clinical Quality Management (SCQM) program were included in the current study if they fulfilled the Assessment in Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria for axSpA, started a first TNFi after recruitment, and had available BMI data as well as a baseline and follow-up visit at 1 year (±6 months)...
July 19, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713837/the-predictive-role-of-tooth-extractions-oral-infections-and-hs-c-reactive-protein-for-mortality-in-individuals-with-and-without-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-a-12-1-2-year-follow-up
#3
Lise Lund Håheim, Kjersti S Rønningen, Morten Enersen, Ingar Olsen
The predictive role of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), number of tooth extractions, and oral infections for mortality in people with and without diabetes is unclear. This prospective cohort study is a 12 1/2-year follow-up of the Oslo II study, a health survey in 2000. In all, 12,764 men were invited. Health information was retrieved from 6434 elderly men through questionnaire information, serum measurements, and anthropometric and blood pressure measurements. Diabetes was reported by 425 men...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711464/personality-and-survival-in-older-age-the-role-of-lifestyle-behaviors-and-health-status
#4
Debora Rizzuto, Enrico Mossello, Laura Fratiglioni, Giola Santoni, Hui-Xin Wang
OBJECTIVE: We intended to assess the relationship between personality and survival in an older population and to explore the role of lifestyle behaviors and health status as potential mediators. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Swedish National Study of Aging and Care in Kungsholmen, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: 2,298 adults aged 60 or more years, without dementia or depression, followed for 11 years. MEASUREMENTS: Personality (extraversion, neuroticism, and openness) was assessed with a shortened version of the NEO-Five Factor Inventory...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711174/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-preclinical-markers-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-toddlers
#5
Judith A Groner, Hong Huang, Mandar S Joshi, Nicholas Eastman, Lisa Nicholson, John Anthony Bauer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationships between secondhand smoke exposure in young children and several preclinical markers of cardiovascular risk that have been established as relevant to adult populations. STUDY DESIGN: There were 139 children, 2-5 years of age, enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Secondhand smoke exposure was objectively determined by hair nicotine level; a comprehensive panel of clinical markers (morning blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin, lipid profiles, inflammation) and research markers (markers of oxidation, endothelial stress, and endothelial repair) of cardiovascular risk status were assessed...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701268/positive-emotional-well-being-health-behaviors-and-inflammation-measured-by-c-reactive-protein
#6
Gail Ironson, Nikhil Banerjee, Calvin Fitch, Neal Krause
OBJECTIVE: There is a substantial body of literature describing the association between inflammatory biomarkers and negative emotional factors (i.e. depression). However, less is known about how they might be related to positive psychological variables. This study examined the association between positive emotional well-being (PEWB) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP), an inflammatory biomarker important for cardiovascular and other diseases. METHOD: Data were analyzed from 1979 respondents to a nationwide survey in the U...
June 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692781/depression-as-a-risk-factor-of-organic-diseases-an-international-integrative-review
#7
Teodora Bica, Ruth Castelló, Loren L Toussaint, Pilar Montesó-Curto
PURPOSE AND DESIGN: This integrative review offers a systematic synthesis of the international literature regarding the role of depression as a risk factor in physical illnesses and the mechanisms of this connection. Special attention is paid to those modifiable factors. FINDINGS: Published studies of depression and physical illness and disease(N = 24) from five countries that were indexed in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), APA PsycNET, Scopus, Dialnet, and CUIDEN were examined...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692002/impact-of-work-task-related-acute-occupational-smoke-exposures-on-select-proinflammatory-immune-parameters-in-wildland-firefighters
#8
Anna M Adetona, Olorunfemi Adetona, Robert M Gogal, David Diaz-Sanchez, Stephen L Rathbun, Luke P Naeher
OBJECTIVE: A repeated measures study was used to assess the effect of work tasks on select proinflammatory biomarkers in firefighters working at prescribed burns. METHODS: Ten firefighters and two volunteers were monitored for particulate matter and carbon monoxide on workdays, January to July 2015. Before and after workshift dried blood spots were analyzed for inflammatory mediators using the Meso Scale Discovery assay, while blood smears were used to assess leukocyte parameters...
July 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678924/persistent-depressive-symptoms-are-independent-predictors-of-low-grade-inflammation-onset-among-healthy-individuals
#9
Fábio Gazelato de Mello Franco, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Paulo A Lotufo, Raquel D Conceição, Fernando Morita, Marcelo Katz, Maurício Wajngarten, José Antonio Maluf Carvalho, Hayden B Bosworth, Raul Dias Santos
Background: Depressive symptoms are independently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among individuals with non-diagnosed CVD. The mechanisms underlying this association, however, remain unclear. Inflammation has been indicated as a possible mechanistic link between depression and CVD. Objectives: This study evaluated the association between persistent depressive symptoms and the onset of low-grade inflammation. Methods: From a database of 1,508 young (mean age: 41 years) individuals with no CVD diagnosis who underwent at least two routine health evaluations, 134 had persistent depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory - BDI ≥ 10, BDI+) and 1,374 had negative symptoms at both time points (BDI-)...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673838/benzo-a-pyrene-induced-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-in-human-choriocarcinoma-cancer-cells-through-reactive-oxygen-species-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-pathway
#10
Soo-Min Kim, Hae-Miru Lee, Kyung-A Hwang, Kyung-Chul Choi
Cigarette smoke (CS) contains over 60 well established carcinogens. In this study, we examined the effects of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P), a main CS component, on the viability and apoptosis of JEG-3 and BeWo human choriocarcinoma cancer cell lines. An MTT assay confirmed that B(a)P decreased the cell viability of JEG-3 and BeWo cells in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, Western blot (WB) assay revealed that protein expression of cyclin D and cyclin E decreased, while protein expression of p21 and p27 was increased in response to B(a)P treatment for 48 h...
July 1, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666597/diet-quality-inflammation-and-the-ankle-brachial-index-in-adults-with-or-without-cardiometabolic-conditions
#11
Josiemer Mattei, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Marc Gellman, Sheila F Castañeda, Frank B Hu, Katherine L Tucker, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Robert C Kaplan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Diet quality may influence non-traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors - namely, C-reactive protein (CRP) and the ankle-brachial index (ABI). Pre-existing traditional cardiometabolic conditions may confound this association. We aimed to determine whether diet quality was associated with high-risk CRP or ABI, independently from traditional cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: Baseline data were analyzed from US-Hispanics/Latinos aged 18-74 y without previously-diagnosed CVD participating in the population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos cohort...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663573/adipokines-c-reactive-protein-and-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-results-from-a-population-based-als-registry-in-germany
#12
Gabriele Nagel, Raphael S Peter, Angela Rosenbohm, Wolfgang Koenig, Luc Dupuis, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Albert C Ludolph
To investigate the associations of leptin, adiponectin and high-sensitive (hs) C-reactive protein (CRP) with risk and prognosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Data from a population-based case-control study in Southern Germany (10/2010-6/2014) of 289 ALS patients (mean age of 65.7 (SD 10.5) years, 59.5% men) and 506 controls were included. During median follow-up of 14.5 months of 279 ALS patients 104 (53.9% men, 68.9 (10.3) years) died. Serum samples were measured for leptin, adiponectin and hs-CRP...
June 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662937/a-history-of-asthma-from-childhood-and%C3%A2-left-ventricular-mass-in-asymptomatic%C3%A2-young-adults-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#13
Dianjianyi Sun, Tiange Wang, Yoriko Heianza, Jun Lv, Liyuan Han, Felicia Rabito, Tanika Kelly, Shengxu Li, Jiang He, Lydia Bazzano, Wei Chen, Lu Qi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine whether a history of asthma from childhood is associated with left ventricular (LV) mass in adulthood. BACKGROUND: Asthma has been related to various cardiovascular risk factors affecting LV hypertrophy. The authors saw a need for a prospective study to analyze the relationship between a history of asthma from childhood and markers of LV mass among asymptomatic young adults. METHODS: Prospective analyses were performed among 1,118 Bogalusa Heart Study participants (average age at follow-up 36...
July 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647689/associations-of-cigarette-smoking-with-subclinical-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis-elsa-brasil-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health
#14
Sina Kianoush, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Mahmoud Al-Rifai, Andrew P DeFilippis, Marcio S Bittencourt, Bruce B Duncan, Isabela M Bensenor, Aruni Bhatnagar, Paulo A Lotufo, Michael J Blaha
BACKGROUND: There is a need to identify sensitive biomarkers of early tobacco-related cardiovascular disease. We examined the association of smoking status, burden, time since quitting, and intensity, with markers of inflammation and subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 14 103 participants without clinical cardiovascular disease in ELSA-Brasil (Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health). We evaluated baseline cross-sectional associations between smoking parameters and inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP]) and measures of subclinical atherosclerosis (carotid intima-media thickness, ankle-brachial index, and coronary artery calcium [CAC])...
June 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646836/biochemical-parameters-as-monitoring-markers-of-the-inflammatory-reaction-by-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#15
Petra Lenártová, Jana Kopčeková, Martina Gažarová, Jana Mrázová, Joanna Wyka
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an airway inflammatory disease caused by inhalation of toxic particles, mainly cigarette smoking, and now is accepted as a disease associated with systemic characteristics. Objective: The aim of this work was to investigate and compare selected biochemical parameters in patients with and without COPD. Material and Methods: Observation group consisted of clinically stable patients with COPD (n = 60)...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645072/association-of-the-serum-myeloperoxidase-high-density-lipoprotein-particle-ratio-and-incident-cardiovascular-events-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-observations-from-the-dallas-heart-study
#16
Htet W Khine, John F Teiber, Robert W Haley, Amit Khera, Colby R Ayers, Anand Rohatgi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Myeloperoxidase (MPO), a product of systemic inflammation, promotes oxidation of lipoproteins; whereas, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) exerts anti-oxidative effects in part via paraoxonase-1 (PON1). MPO induces dysfunctional HDL particles; however, the interaction of circulating levels of these measures in cardiovascular disease (CVD) has not been studied in humans. We tested whether serum levels of MPO indexed to HDL particle concentration (MPO/HDLp) are associated with increased CVD risk in a large multiethnic population sample, free of CVD at baseline...
June 3, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641158/determinants-of-cortisol-during-pregnancy-the-abcd-cohort
#17
Laura S Bleker, Tessa J Roseboom, Tanja G Vrijkotte, Rebecca M Reynolds, Susanne R de Rooij
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress during pregnancy has been proposed as a major contributor of glucocorticoid-mediated programming of the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis, with later adverse health consequences. However, evidence linking maternal stress to maternal cortisol values during pregnancy is inconclusive. A possible explanation for this is that other maternal factors overshadow any potential effects of stress on cortisol levels. We studied a large cohort of pregnant women with extensive data on pregnancy characteristics to determine the respective contributions of biological, environmental and psychosocial stress factors to cortisol levels in pregnancy...
May 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639572/relation-of-biochemical-parameters-with-flow-mediated-dilatation-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Nurver Turfaner Sipahioglu, Barıs Ilerigelen, Zeynep B Gungor, Gulsel Ayaz, Hakan Ekmekci, Cigdem Bayram Gurel, Gunay Can, Huseyin Sonmez, Turgut Ulutin, Fikret Sipahioglu
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is one of the high cardiovascular (CV) situations. Endothelial dysfunction, which is a common finding in patients with MetS, is related with increased CV risk. In patients with MetS, the effect of the major CV risk factors, not included in the MetS definition, on endothelial dysfunction is not well known. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of major CV risk factors such as gender, smoking, family history, and biochemical parameters on endothelial dysfunction in patients with MetS...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638984/associations-of-aldosterone-and-renin-concentrations-with-inflammation-the-study-of-health-in-pomerania-and-the-german-conn-s-registry
#19
A Grotevendt, H Wallaschofski, M Reincke, C Adolf, M Quinkler, M Nauck, W Hoffmann, R Rettig, A Hannemann
PURPOSE: Chronic inflammation is an age-independent and body mass index-independent contributor to the development of multi-morbidity. Alterations of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system are observed within the context of proinflammatory states. We assessed circulating aldosterone, renin, and inflammatory biomarker concentrations in healthy, normotensive subjects and patients with primary aldosteronism. METHODS: We included 1177 normotensive individuals from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (first follow-up, Study of Health in Pomerania-1) and 103 primary aldosteronism patients from the German Conn's Registry...
August 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637777/the-american-heart-association-ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-blacks-the-jackson-heart-study
#20
Valery S Effoe, Mercedes R Carnethon, Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Haiying Chen, Joshua J Joseph, Arnita F Norwood, Alain G Bertoni
BACKGROUND: The concept of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH), defined by the American Heart Association primarily for coronary heart disease and stroke prevention, may apply to diabetes mellitus prevention among blacks. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our sample included 2668 adults in the Jackson Heart Study with complete baseline data on 6 of 7 American Heart Association CVH metrics (body mass index, healthy diet, smoking, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and physical activity)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
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