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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641158/determinants-of-cortisol-during-pregnancy-the-abcd-cohort
#1
Laura S Bleker, Tessa J Roseboom, Tanja G Vrijkotte, Rebecca M Reynolds, Susanne R de Rooij
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress during pregnancy has been proposed as a major contributor of glucocorticoid-mediated programming of the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis, with later adverse health consequences. However, evidence linking maternal stress to maternal cortisol values during pregnancy is inconclusive. A possible explanation for this is that other maternal factors overshadow any potential effects of stress on cortisol levels. We studied a large cohort of pregnant women with extensive data on pregnancy characteristics to determine the respective contributions of biological, environmental and psychosocial stress factors to cortisol levels in pregnancy...
May 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627459/peripheral-blood-gene-expression-of-acute-phase-proteins-in-people-with-first-episode-psychosis
#2
Jie Yin Yee, Milawaty Nurjono, Wai Yee Ng, Stephanie Ruth Teo, Tih-Shih Lee, Jimmy Lee
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in the association between schizophrenia and the activation of inflammatory system with signs of acute phase (AP) response. Majority of such studies had focused on C-reactive protein (CRP). The aims of the present study were (i) to examine the gene expression profiles of other acute phase proteins (APP), namely haptoglobin (HP), alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1T), and alpha-2 macroglobulin (A2M) in patients with first episode psychosis (FEP) over a period of three months and (ii) to explore the association between APP levels and severity of symptoms...
June 13, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625128/the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signalling-pathway-inhibitor-sclerostin-is-a-biomarker-for-early-atherosclerosis-in-obesity
#3
Djordje S Popovic, Milena Mitrovic, Dragana Tomic-Naglic, Tijana Icin, Ivana Bajkin, Bojan Vukovic, Damir Benc, Zeljko Zivanovic, Branka Kovacev-Zavisic, Edita Stokic
BACKGROUND: Sclerostin is an inhibitor of the wingless-type mouse mammary tumor virus integration site family/β-catenin signalling pathway (WβcSP), which plays an important role in bone metabolism and in vascular biology. It could act protective regarding atherosclerosis development through its effect on WβcSP in vascular cells. Nevertheless, results of studies analyzing association between circulating sclerostin level (CSL) and atherosclerotic diseases (AD) are showing conflicting results...
June 18, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620476/vitamin-d-and-inflammatory-markers-cross-sectional-analyses-using-data-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-elsa
#4
Cesar de Oliveira, Jane P Biddulph, Vasant Hirani, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider
Recent evidence suggests that low vitamin D concentrations are associated with increased levels of inflammatory markers. However, there are limited studies investigating associations between vitamin D levels and inflammatory markers in the general population and much of this evidence in older adults is inconclusive. Therefore, this study investigates the cross-sectional association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels with inflammatory markers in 5870 older English adults from wave 6 (2012-2013) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619118/serum-levels-of-leptin-and-high-molecular-weight-adiponectin-are-inversely-associated-with-radiographic-spinal-progression-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-results-from-the-enradas-trial
#5
Agnes Hartl, Joachim Sieper, Uta Syrbe, Joachim Listing, Kay-Geert Hermann, Martin Rudwaleit, Denis Poddubnyy
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates a role of adipokines in inflammation and osteogenesis. Hence adipokines might also have a pathophysiological role in inflammation and new bone formation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of adipokine serum levels as predictors of radiographic spinal progression in patients with AS. METHODS: A total of 120 patients with definite AS who completed a 2-year follow up in the ENRADAS trial were included in the current study...
June 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599284/serum-cystatin-c-is-associated-with-large-cerebral-artery-stenosis-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#6
Zhiqiang Xu, Cuihua Leng, Bo Yang, Haili Wang, Jing Sun, Zhaoxia Liu, Lingli Yang, Wei Ge, Jiangtao Zhu
Large cerebral artery stenosis is a major cause of acute ischemic stroke (AIS); however, the correlation between serum cystatin C (CysC) and the stenosis of large cerebral arteries in patients with AIS has not been established. We performed a retrospective review of acute ischemic stroke patients, who were examined by cerebral digital subtraction angiography(DSA). Participants (252 cases) included 131 patients without stenosis and 121 patients with large cerebral artery stenosis. Serum CysC levels in patients with large cerebral artery stenosis were much higher than that of control subjects (p<0...
May 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596927/necrotizing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Satish Maharaj, Carmen Isache, Karan Seegobin, Simone Chang, Grant Nelson
Lung cavities are not typically associated with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). CAP due to P. aeruginosa is rare and even less commonly causes necrotizing pneumonia. We report a case of P. aeruginosa CAP that progressed to necrotizing pneumonia and was eventually fatal. Procalcitonin (PCT) has been well investigated in guiding antibiotic therapy (especially CAP) in adults. In this case, PCT at presentation and sequentially was negative. We discuss this caveat and present hypotheses as to the sensitivity and specificity of PCT and C-reactive protein (CRP) in these patients...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592724/association-of-airflow-limitation-with-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-a-japanese-community%C3%A3-the-hisayama-study
#8
Kunihiro Kudo, Jun Hata, Koichiro Matsumoto, Yuki Shundo, Satoru Fukuyama, Hiromasa Inoue, Takanari Kitazono, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Yoichi Nakanishi
BACKGROUND: There has been no large-scale observational study examining the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or airflow limitation and carotid atherosclerosis in the general population across a wide range of generations in Asia. In the present study we assessed the association between airflow limitation and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in a general Japanese population, with consideration of a comprehensive array of cardiovascular risk factors.Methods and Results:In all, 2,099 community-dwelling Japanese subjects were included in the study...
June 6, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592384/gender-differences-in-long-term-clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-vasospastic-angina
#9
Da Hyon Lee, Taek Kyu Park, Choong Sil Seong, Hye Bin Gwag, A Young Lim, Min Seok Oh, Sung Woo Cho, Jeong Hoon Yang, Young Bin Song, Joo-Yong Hahn, Jin-Ho Choi, Sang Hoon Lee, Hyeon-Cheol Gwon, Seung-Hyuk Choi
BACKGROUND: Men are more likely to suffer from vasospastic angina (VSA) than women; however, gender differences in the long-term prognosis of VSA patients have not been fully elucidated. We sought to investigate clinical outcomes and predictive factors of VSA patients according to gender. METHODS: A total of 986 patients (838 men and 148 women) with a positive result on intracoronary ergonovine provocation test between January 2003 and December 2014 were analyzed...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572698/phosphorylation-of-histone-h2a-x-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-may-be-a-useful-marker-for-monitoring-cardiometabolic-risk-in-nondiabetic-individuals
#10
So Ra Yoon, Juhyun Song, Jong Hwa Lee, Oh Yoen Kim
Phosphorylation of H2A.X (serine 139) in the histone H2A family located in the downstream of the DNA damage kinase signaling cascade is an important indicator of DNA damage. Recently, phosphorylation of H2A.X was proposed as a sensitive biomarker of aging. This study investigated if phosphorylation of H2A.X in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) is associated with cardiometabolic risk in nondiabetic individuals. Basic parameters and oxidative stress/inflammatory markers were measured in nondiabetic healthy Koreans (n = 119)...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572594/socio-economic-inequalities-in-c-reactive-protein-and-fibrinogen-across-the-adult-age-span-findings-from-understanding-society
#11
Apostolos Davillas, Michaela Benzeval, Meena Kumari
Systemic inflammation has been proposed as a physiological process linking socio-economic position (SEP) to health. We examined how SEP inequalities in inflammation -assessed using C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen- varied across the adult age span. Current (household income) and distal (education) markers of SEP were used. Data from 7,943 participants (aged 25+) of Understanding Society (wave 2, 1/2010-3/2012) were employed. We found that SEP inequalities in inflammation followed heterogeneous patterns by age, which differed by the inflammatory marker examined rather than by SEP measures...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571565/c-reactive-protein-is-differentially-modulated-by-co-existing-infections-vitamin-deficiencies-and-maternal-factors-in-pregnant-and-lactating-indigenous-panamanian-women
#12
Doris González-Fernández, Emérita Del Carmen Pons, Delfina Rueda, Odalis Teresa Sinisterra, Enrique Murillo, Marilyn E Scott, Kristine G Koski
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of C-reactive protein (CRP) as a non-specific marker of inflammation during pregnancy and lactation is unclear in impoverished populations where co-existing infections and vitamin deficiencies are common. METHODS: This cross-sectional study in Panama recruited 120 pregnant and 99 lactating Ngäbe-Buglé women from 14 communities in rural Panama. Obstetric history, indoor wood smoke exposure, fieldwork, BMI, vitamins A, B12, D, and folic acid, and inflammation markers (CRP, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), plateletcrit and cytokines) were measured...
June 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559657/epicardial-adipose-tissue-thickness-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Elcin Aydın, Cihan Altın, Onur Sakallıoğlu, Mustafa Yılmaz, Esin Gezmiş, Leyla Elif Sade, Haldun Müderrisoğlu
BACKGROUND: It is well-known that cardiovascular risk and all-cause mortality is increased in hemodialysis patients. Epicardial fat thickness (EFT), which reflects visceral adiposity, has been suggested as a new cardiometabolic risk factor. The purpose of this study was to investigate EFT in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A total of 144 consecutive patients (60 hemodialysis patients and 84 controls) were enrolled into the study, and patients with diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) were excluded...
May 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549401/human-in-situ-cytokine-and-leukocyte-responses-to-acute-smoking
#14
Tegan Kastelein, Rob Duffield, Frank Marino
This study examined immune/inflammatory parameters following an acute tobacco smoking episode in smokers with varying smoking histories. Twenty-eight male habitual smokers were categorized according to smoking history, e.g. younger smoker (YSM) or middle-aged smoker (MSM). Participants were matched for fitness and smoking habits and following baseline testing, undertook a smoking protocol involving consumption of two cigarettes within 15 min. Venous blood was collected pre- and immediately, 1 h, and 4 h post-protocol to permit analyses of circulating levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, IL-1ra, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), C-reactive protein (CRP), and leukocytes...
December 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521619/processes-linking-religious-involvement-and-telomere-length
#15
Terrence D Hill, Preeti Vaghela, Christopher G Ellison, Sunshine Rote
Although numerous studies suggest that religious involvement is associated with better health and longer life expectancies, it is unclear whether these general patterns extend to cellular aging. The mechanisms linking indicators of religious involvement with indicators of cellular aging are also undefined. We employed longitudinal data from the 2004 and 2008 Health and Retirement Study, a national probability sample of Americans aged 50 and older, to test whether average telomere length varied according to level of religious attendance...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513060/increased-oral-inflammation-leukocytes-and-leptin-and-lower-adiponectin-in-overweight-or-obesity
#16
S Thanakun, S Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri, Y Izumi
OBJECTIVES: The association between body mass index (BMI) and oral diseases was investigated, and levels of obesity-related inflammatory mediators were evaluated. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Participants (n = 160) were clinically and radiographically examined for oral diseases. Blood profiles were recorded. Levels of adiponectin, leptin, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured. RESULTS: One hundred and thirteen (70.6%) participants had overweight or obese status (BMI ≥ 23...
May 17, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511516/to-evaluate-and-compare-periodontal-disease-and-smoking-as-a-parallel-risk-factor-for-systemic-health-by-gauging-the-serum-c-reactive-protein-levels
#17
Ruchi Dinesh Raval, Payal Sharma, Sarath Chandran, Dharmesh Vasavada, Priyadarshini Nadig, Gaurav Bakutra
INTRODUCTION: Physiologic and metabolic changes that occur immediately after a damage or disease are known as Acute Phase Reaction (APR). Acute Phase Proteins (APP) are blood proteins secreted by hepatocytes during APR C-Reactive Protein (CRP) being the important one. AIM: Present study was designed to estimate and compare the levels of the serum CRP in current smokers, former smokers and non-smokers, with and without periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An experimental study was planned on 165 subjects who were divided into four groups...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508235/the-presence-of-postoperative-infectious-complications-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-early-postoperative-clinical-recurrence-of-crohn-s-disease
#18
Zhen Guo, Lei Cao, Feilong Guo, Jianfeng Gong, Yi Li, Lili Gu, Weiming Zhu, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to identify risk factors for early clinical and surgical recurrence in Crohn's disease (CD) patients who underwent intestinal resection. METHOD: This was a retrospective study. Consecutive patients who underwent intestinal resection with a primary anastomosis from January 2011-December 2014 were enrolled. Gender, age at surgery, clinical phenotypes of CD, serum albumin and C-reactive protein level the day before surgery, smoking status at surgery, anastomosis technique, number of anastomoses, details of postoperative complications, the postoperative prophylactic treatment were assessed to figure out risk factors for postoperative clinical and surgical recurrence within 1 year after the initial resection by univariate and then multivariate analysis...
May 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490868/serum-il-1%C3%AE-and-il-17-levels-in-patients-with-copd-associations-with-clinical-parameters
#19
Yong Zou, Xi Chen, Jie Liu, Dong Bo Zhou, Xiao Kuang, Jian Xiao, Qiao Yu, Xiaoxiao Lu, Wei Li, Bin Xie, Qiong Chen
COPD is a chronic airway inflammatory disease characterized mainly by neutrophil airway infiltrations. Interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-17 are the key mediators of neutrophilic airway inflammation in COPD. This study was undertaken to evaluate the serum IL-1β and IL-17 levels and associations between these two key mediators with clinical parameters in COPD patients. Serum samples were collected from 60 COPD subjects during the acute exacerbation of COPD, 60 subjects with stable COPD and 40 healthy control subjects...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489774/prognostic-impact-of-c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-on-the-overall-survival-of-patients-with-advanced-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancers-receiving-palliative-chemotherapy
#20
Young W Koh, Hyun W Lee
Recent studies have indicated that the C-reactive protein (CRP)/albumin (CRP/Alb) ratio is associated with clinical outcomes in patients with various carcinomas. However, no studies have explored the association between the ratio of CRP/Alb and clinical outcome of inoperable patients with nonsmall cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). We examined the prognostic impact of CRP/Alb ratio on 165 stage IV NSCLC receiving palliative chemotherapy. The optimal cutoff level of CRP/Alb ratio was set at 0.195. The median follow-up time was 9 months (range, 1-74 months)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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