keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Smoking c-reactive protein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347936/comparative-analysis-of-copd-associated-with-tobacco-smoking-biomass-smoke-exposure-or-both
#1
Jordi Olloquequi, Sergio Jaime, Viviana Parra, Elizabeth Cornejo-Córdova, Gonzalo Valdivia, Àlvar Agustí, Rafael Silva O
BACKGROUND: Exposure to noxious gases and particles contained in both tobacco smoking (TS) and biomass smoke (BS) are well recognized environmental risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is characterized by an abnormal inflammatory response, both in the pulmonary and systemic compartments. The differential effects of TS, BS or their combined exposure have not been well characterized yet. This study sought to compare the lung function characteristics and systemic inflammatory response in COPD patients exposed to TS, BS or their combination...
January 18, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343179/b-type-natriuretic-peptide-for-prediction-of-incident-clinically-significant-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-a-population-based-prospective-study
#2
Stefan Acosta, Anders Gottsäter, Gunnar Engström, Olle Melander, Moncef Zarrouk, Peter M Nilsson, J Gustav Smith
Pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate inflammatory and hemodynamic plasma biomarkers as predictors for AAA in the prospective longitudinal cohort of middle-aged individuals from the cardiovascular cohort of the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study ( n=5551; 1991-94). C-reactive protein, cystatin C, copeptin, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (N-BNP), midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and conventional risk factors at baseline were measured in patients with incident AAA during follow-up and compared to individuals without a diagnosis of AAA...
January 1, 2018: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341486/rheumatoid-arthritis-and-periodontal-disease-what-are-the-similarities-and-differences
#3
REVIEW
Rongbin Li, Cheng Tian, Arnold Postlethwaite, Yan Jiao, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Debendra Pattanaik, Dongmei Wei, Weikuan Gu, Jianwei Li
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontal disease (PD) are chronic inflammatory diseases that share similar osteoclasia, human leukocyte antigen-DR4 allelic genes and immunological profile, and characteristic cytokines. Smoking can contribute to more severe RA and PD; secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators destroys the soft synovial membrane and periodontium, respectively. Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies and anti-α-enolase antibody are characteristic of these two diseases. Some studies suggest that PD may be associated with RA...
December 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340241/risk-factors-for-osteoporosis-in-male-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-taiwan
#4
Chu-Hsu Lin, Kai-Hua Chen, Chien-Min Chen, Chia-Hao Chang, Tung-Jung Huang, Chia-Hung Lin
Objective: To investigate the risk factors for osteoporosis in male Taiwanese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated male COPD outpatients and age-matched male subjects at a regional teaching hospital. The following data were obtained and analyzed: bone mineral density of the lumbar spine and hip on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, demographic characteristics, questionnaire interview results, pulmonary function test results, chest posterior-anterior radiographic findings, and biochemical and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338303/evaluation-of-preprocedural-laboratory-parameters-as-predictors-of-drug-eluting-stent-restenosis-in-coronary-chronic-total-occlusion-lesions
#5
Chenguang Li, Yi Shen, Rende Xu, Yuxiang Dai, Shufu Chang, Hao Lu, Zhaohui Dong, Jianxin Deng, Juying Qian, Junbo Ge
This retrospective, single-center study assessed the prognostic value of several emerging inflammatory markers as predictors of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after drug-eluting stent implantation for coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions. Consecutive patients (n = 416) who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for documented CTO lesions and with follow-up angiography were enrolled. Preprocedural high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and red cell distribution width (RDW) were analyzed...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331300/cigarette-smoking-and-hip-volumetric-bone-mineral-density-and-cortical-volume-loss-in-older-adults-the-ages-reykjavik-study
#6
Elisa A Marques, Martine Elbejjani, Vilmundur Gudnason, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Thomas Lang, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Thor Aspelund, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Lenore Launer, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tamara B Harris
This study aimed to explore the relationships of several indicators of cigarette smoking habits (smoking status, pack-years, age at smoking initiation and smoking cessation) with quantitative computed tomographic (QCT)-derived proximal femur bone measures (trabecular vBMD, integral vBMD and the ratio of cortical to total tissue volume (cvol/ivol)) and with subsequent change in these measures over the next five years. A total of 2673 older adults (55.9% women), aged 66-92 years at baseline from the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility (AGES)-Reykjavik Study, who had two QCT scans of the hip were studied...
January 10, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311705/association-between-within-visit-systolic-blood-pressure-variability-and-development-of-pre-diabetes-and-diabetes-among-overweight-obese-individuals
#7
Kaumudi J Joshipura, Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Maribel Campos, Alba D Rivera-Díaz, Juan C Zevallos
Short-term blood pressure variability is associated with pre-diabetes/diabetes cross-sectionally, but there are no longitudinal studies evaluating this association. The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between within-visit systolic and diastolic blood pressure variability and development of pre-diabetes/diabetes longitudinally. The study was conducted among eligible participants from the San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study (SOALS), who completed the 3-year follow-up exam. Participants were Hispanics, 40-65 years of age, and free of diabetes at baseline...
December 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298330/the-higher-mortality-associated-with-low-serum-albumin-is-dependent-on-systemic-inflammation-in-end-stage-kidney-disease
#8
Filipa Caeiro Alves, Jia Sun, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Lu Dai, Sunna Snaedal, Peter Bárány, Olof Heimbürger, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel
BACKGROUND: The correlation of low serum albumin with mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is partly linked to its association with systemic inflammation. However, it is not clear to what extent albumin's correlation with mortality depends on concomitant systemic inflammation. Here we addressed this question in patients with CKD stage 5. METHODS: Serum albumin (S-Alb), systemic inflammation (high-sensitive C-reactive protein, hsCRP), cardiovascular disease (CVD) and nutritional status (subjective global assessment, SGA) were assessed at baseline in 822 patients: 523 incident dialysis patients, 212 prevalent hemodialysis (HD) and 87 prevalent peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295966/analysis-of-volatile-organic-compounds-in-the-breath-of-patients-with-stable-or-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
Alex Pizzini, Wojciech Filipiak, Johannes Wille, Clemens Ager, Helmut Wiesenhofer, Robert Kubinec, Jaroslav Blasko, Christoph Tschurtschenthaler, Christopher A Mayhew, Günter Weiss, Rosa Bellmann-Weiler
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of death worldwide. Acute exacerbations (AECOPD), caused by infectious and non-infectious agents, contribute to an increase in mortality. The diagnostic procedure of AECOPD is mainly based on clinical features. The aim of this pilot study was to identify whether volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in breath could be used to discriminate for acute exacerbated COPD. Three patient groups were included in this controlled study: AECOPD patients (n= 14, age mean ± SD: 71...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288691/a-prospective-study-of-the-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-restrictive-and-obstructive-lung-function-impairment-the-saku-study
#10
Nao Sonoda, Akiko Morimoto, Yukako Tatsumi, Kei Asayama, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Satoshi Izawa, Yuko Ohno
BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of diabetes on restrictive and obstructive lung function impairment. METHODS: This 5-year prospective study included 7524 participants aged 40-69years without lung function impairment at baseline who underwent a comprehensive medical check-up between April 2008 and March 2009 at Saku Central Hospital. Diabetes was defined by fasting plasma glucose ≥7.0mmol/l (126mg/dl), HbA1c≥6.5% (48mmol/mol), or a history of diabetes, as determined by interviews conducted by the physicians...
December 28, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282619/dickkopf-1-protein-circulating-levels-as-a-possible-biomarker-of-functional-disability-and-chronic-damage-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Ana M Santos, Eugenia-Lucía Saldarriaga, Rodrigo Giraldo-Bustos, Jesus Giovanny Ballesteros-Muñoz, Juan C Rueda, Francy-Milena Cuervo, José-Ignacio Angarita, Andrés Y Vásquez, Sofía Arias-Correal, Camilo A González, Pedro Santos-Moreno, John Londono
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory disease characterized by joint destruction, deformity, lower functionality, and decrease in life expectancy. Wingless signaling pathway (Wnt) has been recently involved in bone homeostasis. Studies suggest that overexpression of the pathway inhibitors, like the Dickkopf 1 protein (DKK1), has been implicated in bone destruction. The objective of this study is to compare circulating levels of DKK1 in different groups of patients with disease activity (remission, low, moderate, high activity,) and functionality status...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280648/resistin-in-morbidly-obese-patients-before-and-after-gastric-bypass-surgery
#12
Elena Parreño Caparrós, Fátima Illán Gómez, Manuel Gonzálvez Ortega, Isabel Orea Soler, Matías Pérez Paredes, Maria Luisa Lozano Almela, Elena Arjonilla Sampedro, Marisol Alcaráz Tafalla
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Resistin was originally suggested to be a potential mediator of obesity-related insulin resistance in rodents. However, in humans, the role of resistin in obesity and insulin resistance has not yet been demonstrated. The present study investigates whether there are differences in resistin levels between patients with morbid obesity and lean subjects, and analyzes changes in resistin levels after significant weight loss secondary to bariatric surgery. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with morbid obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 40 kg/m2) and 31 lean subjects (BMI < 25 kg/m2) were selected...
September 14, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279246/complement-system-biomarkers-in-first-episode-psychosis
#13
Maja Kopczynska, Wioleta Zelek, Samuel Touchard, Fiona Gaughran, Marta Di Forti, Valeria Mondelli, Robin Murray, Michael C O'Donovan, B Paul Morgan
Several lines of evidence implicate immunological/inflammatory factors in development of schizophrenia. Complement is a key driver of inflammation, and complement dysregulation causes pathology in many diseases. Here we explored whether complement dysregulation occurred in first episode psychosis (FEP) and whether this provides a source of biomarkers. Eleven complement analytes (C1q, C3, C4, C5, factor B [FB], terminal complement complex [TCC], factor H [FH], FH-related proteins [FHR125], Properdin, C1 inhibitor [C1inh], soluble complement receptor 1 [CR1]) plus C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in serum from 136 first episode psychosis (FEP) cases and 42 mentally healthy controls using established in-house or commercial ELISA...
December 23, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272977/association-between-serum-levels-of-testosterone-and-biomarkers-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis
#14
Babak Rezanezhad, Rasmus Borgquist, Ronnie Willenheimer, Saad Elzanaty
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum levels of testosterone and biomarkers of subclinical atherosclerosis based on data from 119 middle-aged men of the general population. METHODS: Testosterone, Apolipoprotein A-1 (ApoA-1), Apolipoprotein B (ApoB), Apolipoprotein B-to-Apolipoprotein A-1 ratio (ApoB-to-ApoA-1), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and fibrinogen levels were measured. Data were also gathered based on age, BMI, waist circumference, smoking, alcohol consumption, and family history of cardiovascular diseases...
December 22, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247633/relationships-of-kidney-injury-molecule-1-with-renal-function-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-the-general-population
#15
Peter Egli, Stefanie Aeschbacher, Matthias Bossard, Lucien Eggimann, Steffen Blum, Pascal Meyre, Laura Bargetzi, Joel Estis, John Todd, Martin Risch, Lorenz Risch, David Conen
BACKGROUND: Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) has been associated with kidney damage in patients with preexisting renal disease. However, little is known about the relationships of KIM-1 with renal function and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy individuals from the general population. METHODS: Healthy individuals aged 25-41years were enrolled in a population-based study. Main exclusion criteria were a BMI >35kg/m2, preexisting kidney disease or established cardiovascular disease...
December 13, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246770/a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-aspirin-use-and-progression-of-emphysema-like-lung-on-ct-the-mesa-lung-study
#16
Carrie P Aaron, Joseph E Schwartz, Eric A Hoffman, Elsa Angelini, John H M Austin, Mary Cushman, David R Jacobs, Joel D Kaufman, Andrew Laine, Lewis J Smith, Jie Yang, Karol E Watson, Russell P Tracy, R Graham Barr
BACKGROUND: Platelet activation reduces pulmonary microvascular blood flow and contributes to inflammation, which have been implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. We hypothesized that regular use of aspirin, a platelet-inhibitor, would be associated with slower progression of emphysema-like lung on computed tomography (CT) and slower decline in lung function. METHODS: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) enrolled participants 45-84 years old without clinical cardiovascular disease in 2000-02...
December 12, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237149/association-of-antibodies-to-citrullinated-protein-antigens-with-blood-pressure-in-first-degree-relatives-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-the-studies-of-the-etiology-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Jan M Hughes-Austin, Ryan W Gan, Kevin D Deane, Michael H Weisman, M Kristen Demoruelle, Jeremy Sokolove, William H Robinson, V Michael Holers, Jill M Norris, Joachim H Ix
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is more common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) than in the general population. It is unknown whether hypertension is due to RA-related medications or the disease itself. Therefore, we sought to investigate associations between RA-related autoantibodies, specifically antibodies to citrullinated protein antigens (ACPA) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in first-degree relatives of RA patients, who were free of RA and RA-related medications...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232972/association-of-resting-heart-rate-with-arterial-stiffness-and-low-grade-inflammation-in-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
José Antonio Vargas-Hitos, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Josefa Martínez-Bordonado, Isabel Sánchez-Berná, Daniel Fernández-Bergés, José Mario Sabio
Resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with arterial stiffness, inflammation, and cardiovascular (CV) and all-cause mortality in the general population and in patients at high CV risk. We assessed the association of RHR with arterial stiffness and low-grade inflammation (LGI) in a cross-sectional study that included 101 women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) without a history of CV disease or arrhythmia or who were under treatment that may cause bradycardia. Pulse wave velocity (PWV; a measure of arterial stiffness), RHR, and markers of LGI (ie, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, insulin, and homeostatic model assessment index) were measured...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227024/blood-biomarkers-as-predictors-of-long-term-mortality-in-copd
#19
Angelico Mendy, Erick Forno, Theophile Niyonsenga, Janvier Gasana
BACKGROUND: Blood biomarkers are easily accessible and might reflect chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) activity. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether a panel of blood biomarkers [C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophils, eosinophils, albumin and vitamin D] could predict mortality in COPD. METHODS: We analyzed data from 431 COPD participants to the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys who were followed for a median time of 36 months...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224235/long-term-cardiovascular-re-programming-by-short-term-perinatal-exposure-to-nicotine-s-main-metabolite-cotinine
#20
Stefano Bastianini, Viviana Lo Martire, Alessandro Silvani, Giovanna Zoccoli, Chiara Berteotti, Hugo Lagercrantz, Anders Arner, Gary Cohen
AIM: Gather "proof-of-concept" evidence of the adverse developmental potential of cotinine (a seemingly benign biomarker of recent nicotine / tobacco smoke exposure). METHODS: Pregnant C57 mice drank nicotine or cotinine-laced water for 6wks from conception (NPRE = 2% saccharin+100μg nicotine/ml; CPRE = 2% saccharin + 10μg cotinine/ml) or 3wks after birth (CPOST = 2% saccharin + 30μg cotinine/ml). Controls drank 2% saccharin (CTRL). At 17±1weeks (male pups; CTRL n=6; CPOST n=6; CPRE n=8; NPRE n=9) we assessed (i) cardiovascular control during sleep; (ii) arterial reactivity ex vivo; (iii) expression of genes involved in arterial constriction / dilation...
December 9, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
keyword
keyword
48146
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"