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Smoking c-reactive protein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145549/generational-differences-in-the-5-year-incidence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#1
Karen J Cruickshanks, David M Nondahl, Lauren J Johnson, Dayna S Dalton, Mary E Fisher, Guan-Hua Huang, Barbara E Klein, Ronald Klein, Carla R Schubert
Importance: Whether a reported decline in the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) continued for people born during the Baby Boom years (1946-1964) or later is unknown. These data are important to plan for ocular health care needs in the 21st century. Objectives: To determine whether the 5-year risk for AMD declined by generation and to identify factors that contributed to improvement in risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from the longitudinal cohort Beaver Dam Eye Study (March 1, 1988, through September 15, 1990, and March 1, 1993, through June 15, 1995) and the Beaver Dam Offspring Study (June 8, 2005, through August 4, 2008, and July 12, 2010, through March 21, 2013)...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140561/interaction-among-smoking-status-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-in-healthy-individuals
#2
Thitiya Luetragoon, Lars Erik Rutqvist, Orathai Tangvarasittichai, Bengt-Åke Andersson, Sture Löfgren, Kanchana Usuwanthim, Nongnit Laytragoon Lewin
Cigarette smoke contains toxic and carcinogenic substances that contribute to the development of cancer and various diseases. Genetic variation might be important because not all smokers develop smoking-related disease. The current study addressed the possible interactions among selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes related to systemic inflammation, smoking status, the levels of circulating immune response cells and plasma biomarkers of systemic inflammation. Sixty-four healthy blood donors were recruited, of whom 31 were current smokers and 33 were never-users of tobacco products, references...
November 15, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139559/associations-among-tooth-loss-systemic-inflammation-and-antibody-titers-to-periodontal-pathogens-in-japanese-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#3
N Aoyama, J-I Suzuki, N Kobayashi, T Hanatani, N Ashigaki, A Yoshida, Y Shiheido, H Sato, M Minabe, Y Izumi, M Isobe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It is well known that there is a strong relationship between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Tooth loss reflects an end-stage condition of oral diseases, such as periodontitis. Infection with specific periodontal pathogens is known as a possible factor that influences development of CVD. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the number of residual teeth and systemic inflammatory conditions in patients with CVD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We divided 364 patients with CVD into four groups, according to the number of residual teeth: (i) ≥20 teeth; (ii) 10-19 teeth; (iii) 1-9 teeth; and (iv) edentulous...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121708/factors-associated-with-a-prolonged-length-of-hospital-stay-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#4
Sang Kyu Choi, Cheol Keun Kim, Dong In Jo, Myung Chul Lee, Jee Nam Kim, Hyun Gon Choi, Dong Hyeok Shin, Soon Heum Kim
Background: We conducted this study to identify factors that may prolong the length of the hospital stay (LHS) in patients with diabetic foot (DF) in a single-institution setting. Methods: In this single-center retrospective study, we evaluated a total of 164 patients with DF, and conducted an intergroup comparison of their baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, including sex, age, duration of diabetes, smoking status, body mass index, underlying comorbidities (e...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121328/active-heavy-cigarette-smoking-is-associated-with-poor-survival-in-japanese-patients-with-advanced-renal-cell-carcinoma-sub-analysis-of-the-multi-institutional-national-database-of-the-japanese-urological-association
#5
Tomohiko Hara, Hiroyuki Fujimoto, Tsunenori Kondo, Nobuo Shinohara, Wataru Obara, Go Kimura, Haruki Kume, Norio Nonomura, Fumiya Hongo, Takayuki Sugiyama, Hiro-Omi Kanayama, Masayuki Takahashi, Tomoharu Fukumori, Masatoshi Eto
Objective: The association between cigarette smoking and survival in patients with renal cell carcinoma is not well studied. We examined the impact of cigarette smoking on survival of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma using the multi-institutional national database of the Japanese Urological Association. Methods: From 340 Japanese institutions, 963 patients with renal cell carcinoma of clinical Stage 3 or higher were analyzed. Univariate analysis using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox regression models with stepwise selection was used to evaluate overall and cause-specific survival...
November 7, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109596/soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-and-the-risk-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-young-chinese-patients
#6
Yuli Huang, Haobin Zhou, Yu Wu, You Yang, Wensheng Li, Jianhua Lu, Yunzhao Hu
Background: Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a novel marker of chronic inflammation and is considered to be a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) in Caucasians. This study investigated the role of suPAR in young Chinese patients with CAD. Methods: The study involved a total of 196 consecutive young (age ≤ 55 years) patients with angiographically proven CAD and 188 age-matched non-CAD individuals as controls. Traditional risk factors were evaluated using conventional assays, and levels of suPAR were measured by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104680/c-reactive-protein-concentrations-among-crop-and-dairy-farmers-with-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Saso Stoleski, Jordan Minov, Jovanka Karadzinska-Bislimovska, Dragan Mijakoski, Lütfiye Tutkun
AIM: To assess the mean serum C-reactive protein concentrations among farmers and office controls, and further examined its relation to exposure duration, smoking habit, as well as presence or absence of COPD. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed including examined group (EG), composed of agricultural workers (87 crop - EG1 and 83 dairy farmers - EG2), and control group (CG) composed by 80 office workers. Evaluation of subjects included a questionnaire on chronic respiratory symptoms, lung function tests, COPD diagnostics, and measurement of CRP serum concentrations...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101422/biomarkers-of-inflammation-and-endothelial-dysfunction-as-predictors-of-pulse-pressure-and-incident-hypertension-in-type-1-diabetes-a-20%C3%A2-year-life-course-study-in-an-inception-cohort
#8
Isabel Ferreira, Peter Hovind, Casper G Schalkwijk, Hans-Henrik Parving, Coen D A Stehouwer, Peter Rossing
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Vascular inflammation and endothelial dysfunction are thought to contribute to arterial stiffening and hypertension. This study aims to test this hypothesis with longitudinal data in the context of type 1 diabetes. METHODS: We investigated, in an inception cohort of 277 individuals with type 1 diabetes, the course, tracking and temporal inter-relationships of BP, specifically pulse pressure (a marker of arterial stiffening) and hypertension, and the following biomarkers of systemic and vascular inflammation/endothelial dysfunction: C-reactive protein (CRP), soluble intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin)...
November 3, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097998/differential-relationships-among-circulating-inflammatory-and-immune-activation-biomediators-and-impact-of-aging-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-a-cohort-of-injection-drug-users
#9
Gregory D Kirk, Stewart Dandorf, Huifen Li, Yiyin Chen, Shruti H Mehta, Damani A Piggott, Joseph B Margolick, Sean X Leng
As individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection live longer, aging and age-related chronic conditions have become major health concerns for this vulnerable population. Substantial evidence suggests that chronic inflammation and immune activation contribute significantly to chronic conditions in people aging with or without HIV infection. As a result, increasing numbers of inflammation and immune activation biomediators have been measured. While very few studies describe their in vivo relationships, such studies can serve as an important and necessary initial step toward delineating the complex network of chronic inflammation and immune activation...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096949/effect-of-tight-control-management-on-crohn-s-disease-calm-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-3-trial
#10
Jean-Frederic Colombel, Remo Panaccione, Peter Bossuyt, Milan Lukas, Filip Baert, Tomas Vaňásek, Ahmet Danalioglu, Gottfried Novacek, Alessandro Armuzzi, Xavier Hébuterne, Simon Travis, Silvio Danese, Walter Reinisch, William J Sandborn, Paul Rutgeerts, Daniel Hommes, Stefan Schreiber, Ezequiel Neimark, Bidan Huang, Qian Zhou, Paloma Mendez, Joel Petersson, Kori Wallace, Anne M Robinson, Roopal B Thakkar, Geert D'Haens
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of intestinal inflammation, such as faecal calprotectin and C-reactive protein, have been recommended for monitoring patients with Crohn's disease, but whether their use in treatment decisions improves outcomes is unknown. We aimed to compare endoscopic and clinical outcomes in patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease who were managed with a tight control algorithm, using clinical symptoms and biomarkers, versus patients managed with a clinical management algorithm...
October 30, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096583/comparison-of-svcam-1-and-sicam-1-levels-in-maternal-serum-and-vaginal-secretion-between-pregnant-women-with-preterm-prelabour-ruptures-of-membranes-and-healthy-pregnant-women
#11
Sibel Sak, Mert Barut, Adnan Incebiyik, Elif Ağaçayak, Adnan Kirmit, Ismail Koyuncu, Muhammet Sak
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to evaluate the maternal serum and the vaginal fluid levels of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecular (sICAM-1) in pregnant women complicated by preterm prelabour ruptures of membranes (PPROM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective case control study included 34 pregnant women with PPROM and 34 healthy pregnant women. Patients with additional diseases, a smoking habit and vaginal bleeding, as well as those using antibiotics, during the study period were not included in the study...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081337/combined-effects-of-family-history-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-serum-c-reactive-protein-level-on-the-risk-of-stroke-a-9-2-year-prospective-study-among-mongolians-in-china
#12
Zheng Bao Zhu, Xin Feng Huangfu, Chong Ke Zhong, Yi Peng Zhou, Yun Fan Tian, Batu Buren, Tian Xu, Ai Li Wang, Hong Mei Li, Ming Zhi Zhang, Yong Hong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the combined effect of a family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and high serum C-reactive protein (CRP) on the stroke incidence in an Inner Mongolian population in China. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted from June 2002 to July 2012, with 2,544 participants aged 20 years and over from Inner Mongolia, China. We categorized participants into four groups based on the family history of CVD and CRP levels. RESULTS: We adjusted for age; sex; smoking; drinking; hypertension; body mass index; waist circumference; and blood glucose, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels...
September 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081162/-relationship-between-inflammatory-markers-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-kailuan-male-cohort
#13
G Wang, W G Xu, F Li, K Su, N Li, Z Y Lü, X S Feng, L P Wei, H D Chen, Y H Chen, L W Guo, H Cui, W J Yang, Z F Li, J S Ren, S L Wu, J F Shi, M Dai, J He
Objective: To investigate whether elevated levels of high sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP) and neutrophil (NE) at baseline are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer in Kailuan male cohort. Methods: Since May 2006, males from Kailuan cohort were included in this study. Information on demographics, medical history, anthropometry, hsCRP and NE were collectedat baseline for all subjects. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HR) of association between baseline hsCRP and NE and colorectal cancer risk...
October 31, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073130/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-the-development-of-nephrolithiasis-a-cohort-study
#14
Seolhye Kim, Yoosoo Chang, Eunju Sung, Cheol Hwan Kim, Kyung Eun Yun, Hyun-Suk Jung, Hocheol Shin, Seungho Ryu
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a hepatic manifestation or precursor of metabolic syndrome, may increase nephrolithiasis, a renal manifestation of insulin resistance, but the prospective association between NAFLD and incident nephrolithiasis has not been evaluated. We examined the association of NAFLD with the development of nephrolithiasis in a large cohort of Korean men and women. METHODS: We performed a cohort study of 208,578 Korean adults who underwent a health checkup examination between January 2002 and December 2014 and were followed-up annually or biennially through December 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069022/prevalence-risk-factors-and-prognostic-significance-of-masked-hypertension-in-diabetic-patients
#15
Honglei Zhao, Fanfang Zeng, Xiang Wang, Lili Wang
The aims of present study were to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors, and prognostic significance of masked hypertension in diabetic patients. Using a cross-sectional design, 266 patients with documented type 2 diabetes mellitus and clinic blood pressure (BP) <140/90 mm Hg without antihypertension treatment were enrolled; 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring was applied to evaluate mean 24-hour systolic/diastolic BP. Demographics, medical histories, and medications usage were obtained using questionnaire...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062328/effect-of-smoking-on-acute-phase-reactants-stress-hormone-responses-and-vitamin-c-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#16
John O Opolot, Annette J Theron, Patrick MacPhail, Charles Feldman, Ronald Anderson
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation, possibly exacerbated by cigarette smoking, is considered to be the primary cause of pulmonary damage in patients with tuberculosis (TB). However, the mechanisms which underpin these harmful inflammatory responses, have not been well documented. OBJECTIVES: The current study was undertaken to determine possible associations between systemic biomarkers of inflammation (acute phase reactants, stress hormones, leukocyte vitamin C) and smoking status in patients (n=71, 20 smokers) with newly-diagnosed pulmonary TB presenting at a tertiary hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047374/ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-the-subclinical-impairments-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study-in-central-south-china
#17
Ya-Qin Wang, Chang-Fa Wang, Ling Zhu, Hong Yuan, Liu-Xin Wu, Zhi-Heng Chen
BACKGROUND: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) is related to a low cardiovascular disease risk profile. This study aimed to investigate CVH metrics with both the biomarkers and markers of subclinical impairments of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in subjects from central south China. METHODS: The ideal CVH score (non-smoking status; ideal body mass index; regular physical activity; healthy diet; and an optimal serum cholesterol, blood pressure, and glucose profile; 1 point for each; total score: 0-7) was collected from 3009 participants without a history of CVDs...
October 18, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040623/socio-economic-trajectories-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-older-people-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#18
Silvia Stringhini, Paola Zaninotto, Meena Kumari, Mika Kivimäki, Camille Lassale, G David Batty
Background: Socio-economic status from early life has been linked to cardiovascular disease risk, but the impact of life-course socio-economic trajectories, as well as the mechanisms underlying social inequalities in cardiovascular disease risk, is uncertain. Objectives: We assessed the role of behavioural, psychosocial and physiological (including inflammatory) factors in the association between life-course socio-economic status and cardiovascular disease mortality in older adults...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039495/protective-effects-of-neem-azadirachta-indica-a-juss-leaf-extract-against-cigarette-smoke-and-lipopolysaccharide-induced-pulmonary-inflammation
#19
Jae-Won Lee, Hyung Won Ryu, So-Yeon Park, Hyun Ah Park, Ok-Kyoung Kwon, Heung Joo Yuk, Krishna K Shrestha, Minwoo Park, Jung Hee Kim, Sangwoo Lee, Sei-Ryang Oh, Kyung-Seop Ahn
Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) leaf has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects of neem leaf extract (NLE) against cigarette smoke (CS)- and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulmonary inflammation. Treatment with NLE significantly attenuated the infiltration of inflammatory cells, such as neutrophils and macrophages in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). NLE also reduced the production of reactive oxygen species and the activity of neutrophil elastase in BALF...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039145/adiponectin-circulating-levels-and-10-year-2002-2012-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-the-attica-study
#20
Ioannis Kyrou, Olga Tsantarlioti, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Constantine Tsigos, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Ioannis Skoumas, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Christos Pitsavos
PURPOSE: Adiponectin is an adipokine with anti-inflammatory and cardiovascular-protective properties. Existing epidemiological evidence is conflicting on the exact relationship between adiponectin and long-term cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Our aim was to prospectively assess whether circulating adiponectin is associated with long-term incident CVD. METHODS: A population-based, prospective study in adults (>18 years) without previous CVD history (ATTICA study)...
October 16, 2017: Endocrine
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