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Smoking c-reactive protein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777476/comparison-of-procalcitonin-a-potentially-new-inflammatory-biomarker-of-frailty-to-interleukin-6-and-c-reactive-protein-among-older-chinese-hospitalized-patients
#1
Ying Yang, Qiukui Hao, Joseph H Flaherty, Li Cao, Jianghua Zhou, Li Su, Yanjiao Shen, Birong Dong
AIM: Procalcitonin (PCT) has predictive value for patients with infectious diseases, but has not been studied in frailty. The purpose of this study was to compare PCT to two other inflammatory biomarkers [interleukin-6 (IL-6)] and C-reactive protein (CRP) in their association with frailty among older hospitalized patients. METHODS: Retrospective study of inpatients (June-December, 2016), who had all three biomarkers measured within 24 h of admission. Frailty was defined according to the Chinese version of a validated frailty scale...
May 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751165/no-association-between-consumption-of-sweetened-beverages-and-later-risk-of-crohn-s-disease-or-ulcerative-colitis
#2
Hamed Khalili, Niclas Hakansson, Simon S Chan, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Ola Olen, Andrew T Chan, Andrew R Hart, Alicja Wolk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Consumption of sweetened beverages has been associated with inflammation, based on measurements of C-reactive protein and tumor necrosis factor, as well as immune-mediated disorders including rheumatoid arthritis. We investigated associations with Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 83,042 participants (44-83 years old) enrolled in the Cohort of Swedish Men or the Swedish Mammography Study...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742682/lipid-accumulation-product-and-visceral-adiposity-index-are-associated-with-dietary-patterns-in-adult-americans
#3
Mohsen Mazidi, Hong-Kai Gao, Andre Pascal Kengne
In the present study, we aimed to examine the association between lipid accumulation product (LAP) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) with dietary pattern (DP) in the US adults. Participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with data available on dietary intake from 2005 to 2010 were included. DPs were derived by principal component analysis. We applied analysis of covariance and multivariable-adjusted linear regressions accounting for the masked variance and utilizing the proposed weighting methodology...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741788/cumulative-childhood-risk-is-associated-with-a-new-measure-of-chronic-inflammation-in-adulthood
#4
Line Jee Hartmann Rasmussen, Terrie E Moffitt, Jesper Eugen-Olsen, Daniel W Belsky, Andrea Danese, HonaLee Harrington, Renate M Houts, Richie Poulton, Karen Sugden, Benjamin Williams, Avshalom Caspi
BACKGROUND: Childhood risk factors are associated with elevated inflammatory biomarkers in adulthood, but it is unknown whether these risk factors are associated with increased adult levels of the chronic inflammation marker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR). We aimed to test the hypothesis that childhood exposure to risk factors for adult disease is associated with elevated suPAR in adulthood and to compare suPAR with the oft-reported inflammatory biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721726/association-between-serum-lipid-levels-osteoprotegerin-and-depressive-symptomatology-in-psychotic-disorders
#5
Sherif M Gohar, Ingrid Dieset, Nils Eiel Steen, Ragni H Mørch, Trude S Iversen, Vidar M Steen, Ole A Andreassen, Ingrid Melle
Although the relationship between positive and negative symptoms of psychosis and dyslipidemia has been thoroughly investigated in recent studies, the potential link between depression and lipid status is still under-investigated. We here examined the association between lipid levels and depressive symptomatology in patients with psychotic disorders, in addition to their possible inflammatory associations. Participants (n = 652) with the following distribution: schizophrenia, schizophreniform and schizoaffective disorder (schizophrenia group, n = 344); bipolar I, II, NOS, and psychosis NOS (non-schizophrenia group, n = 308) were recruited consecutively from the Norwegian Thematically Organized Psychosis (TOP) Study...
May 2, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720260/smoking-body-mass-index-disease-activity-and-the-risk-of-rapid-radiographic-progression-in-patients-with-early-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Emil Rydell, Kristina Forslind, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Lennart T H Jacobsson, Carl Turesson
BACKGROUND: Identification of risk factors for rapid joint destruction in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be helpful for optimizing treatment, and improving our understanding of destructive arthritis and its mechanisms. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between early RA patient characteristics and subsequent rapid radiographic progression (RRP). METHODS: An inception cohort of patients with early RA (symptom duration < 12 months), recruited during 1995-2005 from a defined area (Malmö, Sweden), was investigated...
May 2, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717763/influence-of-dietary-patterns-and-inflammatory-markers-on-atherosclerosis-using-ankle-brachial-index-as-a-surrogate
#7
J Woo, B W M Yu, R S M Chan, J Leung
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of various dietary patterns on ankle-brachial index (ABI) as a surrogate of atherosclerosis, taking into account serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and factors that predispose to inflammation and/or endothelial damage (homocysteine) or may be protective (tryptophan, vitamin D), as well as age, gender, and lifestyle risk factors. DESIGN: Cross sectional analysis. SETTING: Cohort of 4000 men and women aged 65 years living in the community in Hong Kong SAR China...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716888/predicting-mortality-in-african-americans-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-coronary-artery-calcium-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein
#8
Salim S Hayek, Jasmin Divers, Mohamad Raad, Jianzhao Xu, Donald W Bowden, Melissa Tracy, Jochen Reiser, Barry I Freedman
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease; however, outcomes in individual patients vary. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a bone marrow-derived signaling molecule associated with adverse cardiovascular and renal outcomes in many populations. We characterized the determinants of suPAR in African Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus and assessed whether levels were useful for predicting mortality beyond clinical characteristics, coronary artery calcium (CAC), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713159/the-impact-of-exposure-to-biomass-smoke-versus-cigarette-smoke-on-inflammatory-markers-and-pulmonary-function-parameters-in-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-failure
#9
Birsen Ocakli, Eylem Acarturk, Emine Aksoy, Sinem Gungor, Fulya Ciyiltepe, Selahattin Oztas, Ipek Ozmen, Meltem Coban Agca, Cuneyt Salturk, Nalan Adiguzel, Zuhal Karakurt
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of exposure to biomass smoke vs cigarette smoke on serum inflammatory markers and pulmonary function parameters in patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF). Patients and methods: A total of 106 patients with CRF divided into age and gender-matched groups of cigarette-smoke exposure (n=55, mean [SD] age: 71.0 [12.0] years, 92.7% were females) and biomass smoke exposure (n=51, mean [SD] age: 73.0 [11...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696937/the-effects-of-atorvastatin-on-il-6-crp-blood-lipid-and-myocardial-protection-of-interventional-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#10
Kai Wang, Lili Chen, Li Liu, Yikai Cui, Xiaohu Zhang, Jun Jiang
BACKGROUND: To analyze the changes of interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), blood lipids and myocardial indexes after treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with intensive atorvastatin and interventional therapy, and its clinical significance. METHODS: A total of 78 patients diagnosed with AMI in our hospital from March 2016 to February 2017 were selected, and divided into treatment group (n=39) and control group (n=39). Patients in treatment group were treated with intensive atorvastatin based on conventional therapy before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), while those in control group were treated with conventional therapy before and after PCI...
April 24, 2018: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695576/systemic-immune-inflammation-index-predicts-survival-of-patients-after-curative-resection-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Masaki Tomita, Takanori Ayabe, Ryo Maeda, Kunihide Nakamura
BACKGROUND: The systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) is reported to be associated with clinical outcomes and has been proven to be a promising prognostic indicator in several solid tumor types. To the best of our knowledge, however, no studies regarding SII in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are available. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred forty-one patients with NSCLC who underwent surgery at our Institution between 2008 and 2012 were included...
May 2018: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688528/smoking-systemic-inflammation-and-airflow-limitation-a-mendelian-randomization-analysis-of-98-085-individuals-from-the-general-population
#12
Yunus Çolak, Shoaib Afzal, Peter Lange, Børge G Nordestgaard
Introduction: Smoking is associated with systemic and local inflammation in the lungs. Furthermore, in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is often caused by smoking, there is often systemic inflammation that is linked to lung function impairment. However, the causal pathways linking smoking, systemic inflammation, and airflow limitation are still unknown. We tested whether higher tobacco consumption is associated with higher systemic inflammation, observationally and genetically and whether genetically higher systemic inflammation is associated with airflow limitation...
April 24, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685202/correlation-between-immunological-inflammatory-markers-and-endothelial-disfunction-in-the-early-stage-of-coronary-heart-disease
#13
Viktor Persic, Ana Lanca Bastiancic, Ivan Rosovic, Damir Raljevic, Dijana Travica Samsa, Luka Bastiancic, Rajko Miskulin, Marko Boban, Gordana Laskarin
Classical risk factors for endothelial dysfunction (ED), such as age, gender, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, and smoking history are utilised for the Framingham score and Systemic Coronary Risk Estimation (SCORE) for evaluation of the 10-year cardiovascular risk in routine practice. Nonetheless, pro-inflammatory mediators are deeply involved in the initiation and the progression of ED and coronary artery disease (CAD), and act additionally or independently of metabolic factors before clinical manifestations of the disease appear...
June 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685109/single-marker-and-multi-marker-approaches-to-appraise-the-relationships-between-biomarkers-and-microalbuminuria-in-chinese-middle-aged-and-elderly-from-communities-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#14
Shihui Fu, Yi Guo, Zhao Zhang, Leiming Luo, Ping Ye
BACKGROUND: Analyzing the relationships between biomarkers representing distinct pathophysiologic pathways and microalbuminuria (MA) can strengthen the identifying ability for renal damage and illuminate previously unrecognized pathways for the pathogenesis of renal damage. The current analysis was to clarify the associations between biomarkers, including N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), homocysteine and uric acid (UA), and MA in Chinese middle-aged and elderly from communities...
April 23, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672099/is-the-association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-glucose-bidirectional-a-population-based-study
#15
Karolina Wesołowska, Marko Elovainio, Taina Hintsa, Markus Jokela, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Jari Lipsanen, Markus Juonala, Olli Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms have been associated with Type 2 diabetes, but the temporal direction of this association and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The present study examined a potential bidirectional association between depressive symptoms and glucose levels in women and men, and the factors mediating this association. METHOD: The participants were from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, a prospective, population-based, cohort study (N = 2,534)...
April 19, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662662/health-effects-of-a-forest-environment-on-natural-killer-cells-in-humans-an-observational-pilot-study
#16
Tsung-Ming Tsao, Ming-Jer Tsai, Jing-Shiang Hwang, Wen-Fang Cheng, Chang-Fu Wu, Charles-C K Chou, Ta-Chen Su
Health effect assessments based on natural killer (NK) cells are an important emerging area of human health. We recruited 90 forest staff members in Xitou, Taiwan and 110 urban staff members in Taipei to investigate the health effects of forest environment exposure on NK cells (CD3- /CD56+ ) and activating NK cells (CD3- /CD56+ /CD69+ ) in humans. We also invited 11 middle-aged volunteers in a pilot study to participate in a five-day/four-night forest trip to Xitou forest to investigate the health effects of a forest trip on NK cells and activating NK cells...
March 27, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657870/is-the-serum-oxytocin-level-altered-by-treatment-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-complicated-with-depression
#17
Yusuke Miwa, Hidekazu Furuya, Ryo Yanai, Tsuyoshi Kasama, Kenji Sanada
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the factors associated with depression, including serum oxytocin (OXT) levels, disease activity, activities of daily living (ADL), and quality of life (QOL), and their effects on rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: This study included 42 RA patients who received treatment with a biological agent. We measured the following variables before and after 6 months of treatment: baseline characteristics, including age, sex, disease duration, smoking, and body mass index (BMI); prednisolone and methotrexate dose; serum level of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3); erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR); and C-reactive protein (CRP) level...
March 2018: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630123/il-33-induced-inflammation-exacerbated-the-development-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-through-oxidative-stress
#18
S-C Zou, J Jiang, J Song
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at exploring the role of IL-33 in mouse chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its potential molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mice model was established by cigarette smoking (CS). COPD mice were randomly assigned into PBS group and IL-33 antibody group. The peripheral blood and lung tissues of mice from two groups were collected for the following experiments. Pathological changes of the lung tissues in both groups were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617485/-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-phenotype-associated-factors-and-comparison-with-other-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-risk-indicators-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#19
Roberta Souza Freitas, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Maria Inês Schmidt, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Maria da Conceição Chagas de Almeida
This study's objectives were to estimate the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTW) phenotype in participants in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), identify associated risk factors, and compare with other cardiovascular and metabolic risk indicators. This was a cross-sectional study with baseline data from a cohort of public employees. HTW is defined as the simultaneous presence of increased waist circumference (WC) (≥ 80cm for women, ≥ 90cm for men according to the International Diabetes Federation - IDF; and ≥ 88cm for women, ≥ 102cm for men according to the U...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609563/the-association-between-circulating-adiponectin-levels-lung-function-and-adiposity-in-subjects-from-the-general-population-data-from-the-akershus-sleep-apnea-project
#20
Nina F Caspersen, Helge Røsjø, Allan Flyvbjerg, Mette Bjerre, Anna Randby, Harald Hrubos-Strøm, Torbjørn Omland, Gunnar Einvik
BACKGROUND: Circulating adiponectin (ADPN) levels are inversely associated with disease severity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), while studies assessing the relationship between ADPN and lung function in subjects from the general population have shown diverging results. Accordingly, we hypothesized that ADPN would be associated with lung function in a population-based sample and tested how abdominal adiposity, metabolic syndrome, and systemic inflammation influenced this association...
April 2, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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