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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626254/cul4b-promotes-the-pathology-of-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-in-rats-through-the-canonical-wnt-signaling
#1
Chenggui Miao, Jun Chang, Guoxue Zhang, Hao Yu, Lili Zhou, Guoliang Zhou, Chuanlei Zhao
This work aims to discuss the possibility that disordered CUL4B was involved in the pathogenesis of adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) in rats. Synovium and FLS from AIA rats both showed increased CUL4B and β-catenin, and up-regulated CUL4B enhanced the canonical Wnt signaling by targeting the GSK3β. Increased CUL4B promoted the FLS abnormal proliferation, activated the secretion of IL-1β and IL-8, and promoted the production of AIA pathology gene MMP3 and fibronectin. Furthermore, miR-101-3p was significantly down-regulated in AIA rats compared with controls, and transfection of AIA FLS with miR-101-3p mimics significantly down-regulated the CUL4B expression, whereas transfection with miR-101-3p inhibitors resulted in an opposite observation...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545315/down-regulation-of-mir-10a-5p-promotes-proliferation-and-restricts-apoptosis-via-targeting-t-box-transcription-factor-5-in-inflamed-synoviocytes
#2
Nazim Hussain, Wenhua Zhu, Congshan Jiang, Jing Xu, Manman Geng, Xiaoying Wu, Safdar Hussain, Bo Wang, Muhammad Shahid Riaz Rajoka, Yue Li, Juan Tian, Liesu Meng, Shemin Lu
Synoviocytes from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients share certain features with tumor cells, such as over proliferation and invasion. Anomalous microRNA (miRNA) expression may participate in the pathogenesis of RA in different ways. The objective of this study was to observe the role of miR-10a-5p targeting TBX5 gene on synoviocyte proliferation and apoptosis in RA. Human synovial sarcoma cell line, SW982 cells stimulating with IL-1β were transfected with miR-10a-5p mimic and siRNA of TBX5. The real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting analysis were used to evaluate the expression level of miR-10a-5p and TBX5 in SW982 cells, respectively...
March 15, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536378/a-case-report-of-chikungunya-fever-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-felty-s-syndrome
#3
José Kennedy Amaral, Robert T Schoen
INTRODUCTION: Chronic chikungunya (CHIK) arthritis, an inflammatory arthritis, often follows acute CHIK fever (CHIKF), a viral infection. The pathogenesis of chronic CHIK arthritis is poorly characterized, but may resemble other forms of inflammatory arthritis. Clinically, chronic CHIK arthritis sometimes mimics rheumatoid arthritis (RA). CASE REPORT: We report a patient with well-characterized CHIKF followed 2 months later by chronic CHIK arthritis not only resembling RA clinically, but also associated with RA biomarkers and extra-articular features, including Felty's syndrome (FS)...
March 13, 2018: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475367/mir-148b-3p-affects-the-pathogenesis-of-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-rats-through-the-direct-target-dnmt1
#4
Chenggui Miao, Hao Yu, Jun Chang, Guoxue Zhang, Guoliang Zhou, Chuanlei Zhao
Our previous study showed that up-regulated DNA methyltransferase-1 (DNMT1) played an important role in the hypermethylation modification of SFRP4 in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats. This work focused on the role of disordered miR-148b-3p in RA pathology and its corresponding regulatory targets. The expression of miR-148b-3p and DNMT1, and the effect of miR-148b-3p on the DNMT1 expression were determined by real-time qPCR, western blotting and double luciferase reporter genes. The role of miR-148b-3p on the SFRP4 expression, the canonical Wnt signaling and the pathology of AIA rats was investigated using real-time qPCR, western blotting and methylation-specific PCR (MSP)...
February 23, 2018: Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424904/mir-212-3p-reduced-proliferation-and-promoted-apoptosis-of-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-via-down-regulating-sox5-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Y Liu, X-L Zhang, X-F Li, Y-C Tang, X Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Several microRNAs have been reported to contribute the progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) due to the ectopic expression of miRNAs in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). However, the function of miR-212-3p in RA still has not been mentioned before. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We obtained serum, synovial tissues, and FLS samples from RA patients and normal donors. Quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to analysis the expression level of miR-212-3p...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326073/retinoic-acid-promotes-stem-cell-differentiation-and-embryonic-development-by-transcriptionally-activating-cftr
#6
Xiaofeng Li, Kin Lam Fok, Jinghui Guo, Yan Wang, Zhenqing Liu, Ziyi Chen, Chengdong Wang, Ye Chun Ruan, Sidney Siubun Yu, Hui Zhao, Ji Wu, Xiaohua Jiang, Hsiao Chang Chan
Retinoic acid (RA) plays a pivotal role in many cellular processes; however, the signaling mechanisms mediating the effect of RA are not fully understood. Here, we show that RA transcriptionally upregulates cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (Cftr) by promoting the direct binding of its receptor RARα to Cftr promoter in mouse spermatogonia and embryonic stem (ES) cells. The RA/CFTR pathway is involved in the differentiation of spermatogonia and organogenesis during the embryo development of Xenopus laevis...
April 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279319/survival-of-cancer-stem-like-cells-under-metabolic-stress-via-camk2%C3%AE-mediated-upregulation-of-sarco-endoplasmic-reticulum-calcium-atpase-expression
#7
Ki Cheong Park, Seung Won Kim, Jeong Yong Jeon, A Ra Jo, Hye Ji Choi, Jungmin Kim, Hyun Gyu Lee, Yonjung Kim, Gordon B Mills, Sung Hoon Noh, Min Goo Lee, Eun Sung Park, Jae-Ho Cheong
Purpose: Cancer cells grow in an unfavorable metabolic milieu in the tumor microenvironment and are constantly exposed to metabolic stress such as chronic nutrient depletion. Cancer stem-like cells (CSC) are intrinsically resistant to metabolic stress, thereby surviving nutrient insufficiency and driving more malignant tumor progression. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate the potential mechanisms by which CSCs avoid Ca2+ -dependent apoptosis during glucose deprivation. Experimental Design: We investigated cell viability and apoptosis under glucose deprivation, performed genome-wide transcriptional profiling of paired CSCs and parental cells, studied the effect of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase 2 alpha ( CaMK2α ) gene knockdown, and investigated the role of nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) in CSCs during time-dependent Ca2+ -mediated and glucose deprivation-induced apoptosis...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276516/myostatin-promotes-interleukin-1%C3%AE-expression-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-synovial-fibroblasts-through-inhibition-of-mir-21-5p
#8
Sung-Lin Hu, An-Chen Chang, Chien-Chung Huang, Chun-Hao Tsai, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Chih-Hsin Tang
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by the infiltration of a number of pro-inflammatory cytokines into synovial fluid and patients with RA often develop joint destruction and deficits in muscle mass. The growth factor myostatin is a key regulator linking muscle mass and bone structure. We sought to determine whether myostatin regulates rheumatoid synovial fibroblast activity and inflammation in RA. We found that levels of myostatin and interleukin (IL)-1β (a key pro-inflammatory cytokine in RA) in synovial fluid from RA patients were overexpressed and positively correlated...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193612/a-direct-role-for-hepatitis-b-virus-x-protein-in-inducing-mitochondrial-membrane-permeabilization
#9
H-R Lee, Y Y Cho, G Y Lee, D-G You, Y D Yoo, Y J Kim
Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) acts as a multifunctional protein that regulates intracellular signalling pathways during HBV infection. It has mainly been studied in terms of its interaction with cellular proteins. Here, we show that HBx induces membrane permeabilization independently of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore complex. We generated mitochondrial outer membrane-mimic liposomes to observe the direct effects of HBx on membranes. We found that HBx induced membrane permeabilization, and the region comprising the transmembrane domain and the mitochondrial-targeting sequence was sufficient for this process...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191214/the-role-of-aberrant-expression-of-t-cell-mirnas-affected-by-tnf-%C3%AE-in-the-immunopathogenesis-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
Ning-Sheng Lai, Hui-Chun Yu, Chien-Hsueh Tung, Kuang-Yung Huang, Hsien-Bin Huang, Ming-Chi Lu
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) can cause diverse T cell dysfunctions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is involved in the regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) expression in different cell types. We hypothesized that the expression of T cell miRNAs would be affected by TNF-α, and these miRNAs could participate in the immunopathogenesis of RA. METHODS: Expression profiles of 270 human miRNAs in Jurkat cells, cultured in the presence or absence of TNF-α for 7 days were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
December 1, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156570/random-access-performance-of-distributed-sensors-attacked-by-unknown-jammers
#11
Dae-Kyo Jeong, Jung-Hwa Wui, Dongwoo Kim
In this paper, we model and investigate the random access (RA) performance of sensor nodes (SN) in a wireless sensor network (WSN). In the WSN, a central head sensor (HS) collects the information from distributed SNs, and jammers disturb the information transmission primarily by generating interference. In this paper, two jamming attacks are considered: power and code jamming. Power jammers (if they are friendly jammers) generate noises and, as a result, degrade the quality of the signal from SNs. Power jamming is equally harmful to all the SNs that are accessing HS and simply induces denial of service (DoS) without any need to hack HS or SNs...
November 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060239/modified-thresholding-technique-of-mmspca-for-extracting-respiratory-activity-from-short-length-ppg-signal
#12
Mohammod Abdul Motin, Chandan Kumar Karmakar, Marimuthu Palaniswami
In this paper, we propose an automatic threshold selection of modified multi scale principal component analysis (MMSPCA) for reliable extraction of respiratory activity (RA) from short length photoplethysmographic (PPG) signals. MMSPCA was applied to the PPG signal with a varying data length, from 30 seconds to 60 seconds, to extract the respiratory activity. To examine the performance, we used 100 epochs of simultaneously recorded PPG and respiratory signals extracted from the MIMIC database (Physionet ATM data bank)...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975975/mir-20a-regulates-fibroblast-like-synoviocyte-proliferation-and-apoptosis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
X-J Wei, X-W Li, J-L Lu, Z-X Long, J-Q Liang, S-B Wei, C-X Lu, W-Z Lu
OBJECTIVE: STAT3 expression is elevated in the synovial tissue of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MiR-20a plays a role in mediating synovial inflammation in RA. Bioinformatics analysis has identified a binding site between miR-20 and the 3'-UTR of STAT3 mRNA. This study aimed to investigate the role of miR-20a in the regulation of STAT3 expression and synovial cell proliferation as well as apoptosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Synovial tissues were collected from RA patients and osteoarthritis (OA) patients to measure miR-20a, STAT3, p-STAT3, and Ki-67 expressions...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968705/a-comparative-study-of-rank-aggregation-methods-for-partial-and-top-ranked-lists-in-genomic-applications
#14
Xue Li, Xinlei Wang, Guanghua Xiao
Rank aggregation (RA), the process of combining multiple ranked lists into a single ranking, has played an important role in integrating information from individual genomic studies that address the same biological question. In previous research, attention has been focused on aggregating full lists. However, partial and/or top ranked lists are prevalent because of the great heterogeneity of genomic studies and limited resources for follow-up investigation. To be able to handle such lists, some ad hoc adjustments have been suggested in the past, but how RA methods perform on them (after the adjustments) has never been fully evaluated...
August 22, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965939/impaired-intracellular-pathogen-clearance-and-inflammatory-joint-disease-is-whipple-s-disease-a-guiding-light
#15
Jean-Marie Berthelot, Xavier Puéchal
Whipple's disease can mimic spondyloarthritis (SpA) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for many years and, in a few cases, induces the development of antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides. The causative agent Tropheryma whipplei can smolder within cells, including macrophages, by suppressing the xenophagic process, a type of selective autophagy that targets pathogens. Other inflammatory joint diseases may also stem from impaired xenophagy with persistence of bacteria or viruses that can eventually migrate from the mucous membranes to the joints and entheses, where they may exert adverse effects on immune responses, even if they fail to replicate...
September 28, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957555/downregulation-of-mir-106b-attenuates-inflammatory-responses-and-joint-damage-in-collagen-induced-arthritis
#16
Yunxia Tao, Zhirong Wang, Liangliang Wang, Jiawei Shi, Xiaobin Guo, Wei Zhou, Xiexing Wu, Yu Liu, Wen Zhang, Huilin Yang, Qin Shi, Yaozeng Xu, Dechun Geng
Objective: miRNAs are small, signal-strand, non-coding RNAs that function in post-transcriptional regulation. We analysed the in vivo effect of miR-106b (miR-106b-5p) on inflammatory bone loss in CIA mice. Methods: CIA mice are developed by injecting DAB/1 mice with bovine type II collagen containing Freund's adjuvant and then the in vivo effect of miR-106b is examined. On day 22, mice were given lentiviral negative control, lentiviral-mediated miR-106b mimics or lentiviral-mediated miR-106b inhibitor via orbital injection on a weekly basis...
October 1, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930753/camel-milk-attenuates-rheumatoid-arthritis-via-inhibition-of-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-pathway
#17
Hany H Arab, Samir A Salama, Tamer M Abdelghany, Hany A Omar, El-Shaimaa A Arafa, Majed M Alrobaian, Ibrahim A Maghrabi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Camel milk (CM) has shown beneficial anti-inflammatory actions in several experimental and clinical settings. So far, its effect on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been previously explored. Thus, the current work aimed to evaluate the effects of CM in Adjuvant-induced arthritis and air pouch edema models in rats, which mimic human RA. METHODS: CM was administered at 10 ml/kg orally for 3 weeks starting on the day of Freund's adjuvant paw inoculation...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887857/development-of-a-patient-specific-atrial-phantom-model-for-planning-and-training-of-inter-atrial-interventions
#18
Pedro Morais, João Manuel R S Tavares, Sandro Queirós, Fernando Veloso, Jan D'hooge, João L Vilaça
BACKGROUND: Several authors have presented cardiac phantoms to mimic the particularities of the heart, making it suitable for medical training and surgical planning. Although the initial models were mainly focused on the ventricles, personalized phantoms of the atria were recently presented. However, such models are typically rigid, the atrial wall is not realistic and they are not compatible with ultrasound (US), being sub-optimal for planning/training of several interventions. METHODS: In this work, we propose a strategy to construct a patient-specific atrial model...
September 8, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840350/regulatory-t-cells-and-il-10-as-modulators-of-chikungunya-disease-outcome-a-preliminary-study
#19
S P Kulkarni, M Ganu, P Jayawant, S Thanapati, A Ganu, A S Tripathy
Regulatory T (Treg) cells hold centre stage in regulating the immune responses in most viral infections. However, their involvement in chikungunya infection is unexplored. In the current study, the frequencies and functionality of peripheral Treg and T effector (Teff) cells were assessed during different phases of chikungunya by flow cytometry and in-vitro cytokine assays. Treg cells were also studied in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, whose symptoms closely mimic chronic chikungunya arthritis patients...
December 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807007/tnf-%C3%AE-induced-mir-155-regulates-il-6-signaling-in-rheumatoid-synovial-fibroblasts
#20
Kiyoshi Migita, Nozomi Iwanaga, Yasumori Izumi, Chieko Kawahara, Kenji Kumagai, Tadashi Nakamura, Tomohiro Koga, Atsushi Kawakami
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of a variety of inflammatory mediators. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the role of miRNAs in the rheumatoid cytokine network. METHODS: We analyzed miRNA expression in rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts (RASFs). miRNA array-based screening was used to identify miRNAs differentially expressed between tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-activated RASFs and untreated RASFs. Transfection of RASFs with miR-155 was used to analyze the function of miR-155...
August 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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