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Common bile duct stones

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676951/laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-use-of-a-rigid-ureteroscope-a-single-institute-experience
#1
Imraan I Sardiwalla, Modise Z Koto, Neha Kumar, Moses A Balabyeki
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is used to treat choledocholithiasis. Flexible choledochoscopy is usually performed; however, this instrument is fragile and liable to breakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected and reviewed retrospectively from a prospectively maintained database. All cases of attempted LCBDE with the rigid ureteroscope at the institution since January 2014 were included. Demographic characteristics, preoperative attempted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), size of the bile duct, findings at laparoscopy, use of drain or T-tube, conversions, and morbidity or mortality were documented...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668576/application-of-three-lines-and-one-plane-as-anatomic-landmarks-in-laparoscopic-surgery-for-bile-duct-stones
#2
Lei Wang, Dachen Zhou, Hui Hou, Chunli Wu, Xiaoping Geng
To investigate the clinical application ofthe "three lines and one plane" concept as the anatomic landmarks during laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE).From January 2014 to February 2017, 148 cases of LCBDE performed in the General Surgery Department of the 2nd affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were recruited, and analyzed in this study. "Three lines and one plane" was applied as anatomical landmarks during LCBDE, and the perioperative clinical outcomes were analyzed...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658839/comparison-of-emergency-cholecystectomy-with-delayed-cholecystectomy-after-percutaneous-transhepatic-gallbladder-drainage-in-patients-with-moderate-acute-cholecystitis
#3
Chang-Wei Ke, Shuo-Dong Wu
INTRODUCTION: Patients with moderate (grade II) acute cholecystitis patients, as defined by the 2013 Tokyo Guidelines, were retrospectively compared with respect to emergency cholecystectomy (EC) and delayed cholecystectomy (DC) after percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) to determine the better treatment strategy. METHODS: Forty-nine of 103 patients with PTGBD and 47 of 54 patients with EC were assessed for eligibility from January 2013 to January 2017...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658655/current-endoscopic-strategies-for-managing-large-bile-duct-stones
#4
REVIEW
Bhavesh Doshi, Ichiro Yasuda, Shomei Ryozawa, Guan Huei Lee
Common bile duct stones are a relatively common occurrence and can often lead to devastating complications. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was introduced in the 1970s for management of common bile duct stones. Most common bile duct stones can be removed with simple techniques such as endoscopic sphincterotomy and balloon trawling. However, large bile duct stones continue to pose some difficulty in achieving complete extraction. In this article, we will review some of the established techniques such as the use of endoscopic papillary large balloon dilatation, mechanical lithotripsy, and cholangioscopy-assisted techniques...
April 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628337/long-term-outcomes-of-endoscopic-papillary-balloon-dilation-for-removal-of-bile-duct-stones-in-billroth-ii-gastrectomy-patients
#5
Tao Li, Jun Wen, Li-Ke Bie, Yi Lu, Biao Gong
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) for common bile duct (CBD) stones removal in Billroth II gastrectomy patients is feasible. However, the long-term outcomes of this technique are not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the procedural and long-term outcomes of EPBD for removal of CBD stones in Billroth II gastrectomy patients. METHODS: The records of patients with previous Billroth II gastrectomy referred for CBD stones removal with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) between July 1, 2008 and September 1, 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 29, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627156/various-approaches-of-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-plus-primary-duct-closure-for-choledocholithiasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ming-Yan He, Xia-Dong Zhou, Hao Chen, Peng Zheng, Fa-Zhan Zhang, Wei-Wei Ren
BACKGROUND: Common bile duct (CBD) stones may occur in up to 3%-14.7% of all patients with cholecystectomy. Various approaches of laparoscopic CBD exploration plus primary duct closure (PDC) are the most commonly used and the best methods to treat CBD stone. This systematic review was to compare the effectiveness and safety of the various approaches of laparoscopic CBD exploration plus PDC for choledocholithiasis. DATA SOURCES: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized controlled trials (NRCTs) (case-control studies or cohort studies) were searched from Cochrane library (until Issue 2, 2015), Web of Science (1980-January 2016), PubMed (1966-January 2016), and Baidu search engine...
March 24, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626246/gallstone-pancreatitis-and-choledocholithiasis-using-imaging-and-laboratory-trends-to-predict-the-likelihood-of-persistent-stones-at-cholangiography
#7
Nikhil Panda, Yuchiao Chang, Nalin Chokengarmwong, Myriam Martinez, Liyang Yu, Peter J Fagenholz, Haytham A Kaafarani, David R King, Marc A DeMoya, George C Velmahos, D Dante Yeh
BACKGROUND: Patients with gallstone pancreatitis (GP) or choledocholithiasis (CDL) may have common bile duct (CBD) stones that persist until cholangiography. The aim of this study is to evaluate pre-cholangiogram factors that predict persistent CBD stones. METHODS: Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify demographic, laboratory, and radiologic predictors of persistent CBD stones and non-therapeutic cholangiography among adults with GP or CDL...
April 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625836/restoration-of-common-bile-duct-diameter-within-2-weeks-after-endoscopic-stone-retraction-is-a-preventive-factor-for-stone-recurrence
#8
Jin Jeon, Sung Uk Lim, Chang-Hwan Park, Chung-Hwan Jun, Seon-Young Park, Jong-Sun Rew
BACKGROUND: Little information is available about the relationship between restoration of common bile duct (CBD) diameter after endoscopic stone retraction and recurrence of CBD stones in elderly patients. The present study was to determine whether restoration of CBD diameter is a preventive factor for CBD stone recurrence in elderly patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS: From January 2006 to December 2010, 238 patients underwent the first and the second session of ERCP for the removal of CBD stones...
March 24, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610513/effects-of-saline-irrigation-of-the-bile-duct-to-reduce-the-rate-of-residual-common-bile-duct-stones-a-multicenter-prospective-randomized-study
#9
Dong-Won Ahn, Sang Hyub Lee, Woo Hyun Paik, Byeong Jun Song, Jin Myung Park, Jaihwan Kim, Ji Bong Jeong, Jin-Hyeok Hwang, Ji Kon Ryu, Yong-Tae Kim
OBJECTIVES: In clinical practice, recurrent cholangitis due to residual common bile duct (CBD) stone occurs frequently even after endoscopic stone removal. This study aimed to determine whether preventive saline irrigation of the bile duct (PSIB) after endoscopic removal of CBD stones would decrease the residual CBD stones. METHODS: In this multicenter, prospective, randomized study, patients who received endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for removal of CBD stone were randomized to either receiving PSIB after stone removal (PSIB group) or not receiving PSIB (non-PSIB group)...
April 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603004/single-stage-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-and-cholecystectomy-versus-two-stage-endoscopic-stone-extraction-followed-by-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-patients-with-gallbladder-stones-with-common-bile-duct-stones-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Anand Narayan Singh, Ragini Kilambi
BACKGROUND: The ideal management of common bile duct (CBD) stones associated with gall stones is a matter of debate. We planned a meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing single-stage laparoscopic CBD exploration and cholecystectomy (LCBDE) with two-stage preoperative endoscopic stone extraction followed by cholecystectomy (ERCP + LC). METHODS: We searched the Pubmed/Medline, Web of science, Science citation index, Google scholar and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled trials electronic databases till June 2017 for all English language randomized trials comparing the two approaches...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602995/learning-curve-for-performing-choledochotomy-bile-duct-exploration-with-primary-closure-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#11
Hengqing Zhu, Linquan Wu, Rongfa Yuan, Yu Wang, Wenjun Liao, Jun Lei, Jianghua Shao
BACKGROUND: Primary closure after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is a safe and effective approach for treating cholecystolithiasis with choledocholithiasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the learning curve of performing primary closure after LC+LCBDE. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients who underwent primary closure after LC+LCBDE performed by a single surgeon from January 2009 to April 2015 in our institution, and analyzed preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data using the cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis to evaluate the learning curve for this procedure...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600432/catheter-probe-extraductal-ultrasound-edus-exploration-of-the-common-bile-duct-is-safe-in-elderly-patients-with-suspicion-of-choledocholithiasis-after-distal-gastrectomy
#12
Thomas Togliani, Stefano Pilati, Andrea Lisotti, Giancarlo Caletti, Pietro Fusaroli
PURPOSE: Post-surgical upper gastrointestinal anatomy may hamper a complete bilio-pancreatic evaluation with a standard echoendoscope. The aim of this study was to assess the role of catheter probe extraductal ultrasound (EDUS) for the evaluation of the common bile duct (CBD) in patients who are status post-gastric surgery and who are suspected of having choledocholithiasis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with a prior history of gastric surgery, who underwent EDUS for a suspicion of CBD obstruction...
March 29, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560692/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-ercp-in-octogenarians-a-comparison-of-two-geriatric-age-cohorts
#13
A E Yıldırım, Z A Öztürk, B T Konduk, A Balkan, B Edizer, M T Gulsen, M C Savas, A Kadayıfcı
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The application of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the octogenarian population is limited. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of ERCP in octogenarian patients with non-octogenarian elderly patients. MATERIALS METHODS: A total of 1044 patients who underwent ERCP for the first time and are over the age of 65 were enrolled in this study. Data regarding demographic characteristics, medical history of patients, indications, technical success rate, final clinical diagnosis and complications were analyzed...
April 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560297/harmonic-scalpel-assisted-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-vs-conventional-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-non-randomized-control-trial
#14
Kumar Rajnish, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Manwar S Ali, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Sundaramurthi Sudharsanan, Chinnakali Palanivel
Introduction Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the most commonly done, minimally invasive surgical procedure. Routinely used electrocautery produces more smoke, which masks the operating field, thereby prolongs the surgery and posing an increased risk of gallbladder (GB) perforation. The titanium clips used for clipping the cystic artery and cystic duct have a risk of slippage, which may lead to bleeding, and an increased risk for bile leakage. In addition, it may act as a nidus for stone formation. Advanced energy sources, such as the harmonic scalpel, though expensive, may provide the advantage of shorter operating time by reducing smoke, bloodless dissection in the GB bed, lower risk of bleeding from the cystic artery due to secure vessel sealing, and avoiding the use of a larger number of titanium clips...
January 18, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555524/intraoperative-cholangiography-during-cholecystectomy-in-sequential-treatment-of-cholecystocholedocholithiasis-to-be-or-not-to-be-that-is-the-question-a-cohort-study
#15
Antonia Rizzuto, Massimiliano Fabozzi, Anna Settembre, Stefano Reggio, Ernesto Tartaglia, Salomone Di Saverio, Piero Angelini, Vania Silvestri, Chiara Mignogna, Raffaele Serra, Stefano De Franciscis, Leonardo De Luca, Diego Cuccurullo, Francesco Corcione
BACKGROUND: Choledocholithiasis occurs in 10-15% of patients with cholecystolithiasis. Despite the existence of many therapeutic options for the treatment of cholecystocholedocholithiasis, a sequential treatment in which pre-operative ERCP is combined with intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), is the most commonly accepted strategy. However, use of IOC in the "splitting treatment" of cholecystocholedocholithiasis is controversial. The aim of the present study is to investigate the utility of IOC in detecting residual stones in patients undergoing LC in the sequential treatment of common biliary duct or gallbladder stones...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544453/recurrent-common-bile-duct-stones-as-a-late-complication-of-endoscopic-sphincterotomy
#16
Tatenda C Nzenza, Yahya Al-Habbal, Glen R Guerra, S Manolas, Tuck Yong, Trevor McQuillan
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) has become well established as a modality for the management of common bile duct stones (CBDS), especially in the setting of associated cholangitis. Our study aims to determine the rate of long term morbidity of recurrent CBDS post ES. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent ERCP and ES (ERCP+ES) was undertaken on a prospectively maintained database from 1998 to 2012 at the Northern Hospital, Melbourne...
March 15, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538289/association-between-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-cholelithiasis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Chien-Hua Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
We assessed the subsequent risk of cholelithiasis development in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) such as Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). We identified 8186 patients who aged ≥20 years and were diagnosed with IBD between 2000 and 2010 as the study cohort. A total of 8186 patients without IBD were selected by frequency-matching according to age, sex, comorbidities, and the index date of diagnosis, and they were identified as the control cohort. To measure the incidence of cholelithiasis, all patients were followed up until the end of 2011...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536057/index-admission-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis-restores-gastrointestinal-quality-of-life-index-giqli-score
#18
Hongyan Yu, Esther Ern-Hwei Chan, Pravin Lingam, Jingwen Lee, Winston Wei Liang Woon, Jee Keem Low, Vishal G Shelat
Backgrounds/Aims: Previous studies have evaluated quality of life (QoL) in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for cholelithiasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate QoL after index admission LC in patients diagnosed with acute cholecystitis (AC) using the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) questionnaire. Methods: Patients ≥21 years admitted to Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore for AC and who underwent index admission LC between February 2015 and January 2016 were evaluated using the GIQLI questionnaire preoperatively and 30 days postoperatively...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536056/clinical-patterns-of-postcholecystectomy-syndrome
#19
Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Asaad Shirah, Syed Husham Zafar, Khalid B Albeladi
Backgrounds/Aims: Postcholecystectomy syndrome represents a heterogeneous group of symptoms and findings in patients who have previously undergone cholecystectomy. It is rare and under-reported in Saudi Arabia. It can be attributed to many complications such as bile duct injury, biliary leak, retained common bile duct stones, recurrent bile duct stones, and bile duct strictures. In this study, we aimed to analyze the causes and evaluate the approach to postcholecystectomy syndrome in our local Saudi Arabian community because of the vast number of cases encountered in our hospital for gallbladder clinical conditions and its related complications...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536054/management-of-residual-gall-bladder-a-15-year-experience-from-a-north-indian-tertiary-care-centre
#20
Ashish Singh, Abhimanyu Kapoor, Rajneesh Kumar Singh, Anand Prakash, Anu Behari, Ashok Kumar, Vinay Kumar Kapoor, Rajan Saxena
Backgrounds/Aims: A residual gallbladder (RGB) following a partial/subtotal cholecystectomy may cause symptoms that require its removal. We present our large study regarding the problem of a RGB over a 15 year period. Methods: This study involved a retrospective analysis of patients managed for symptomatic RGB from January 2000 to December 2015. Results: A RGB was observed in 93 patients, who had a median age of 45 (25-70) years, and were comprised of 69 (74...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
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