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Common bile duct stones

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337482/efficacy-and-safety-of-novel-digital-single-operator-peroral-cholangioscopy-guided-laser-lithotripsy-for-complicated-biliary-stones
#1
John Ct Wong, Raymond Sy Tang, Anthony Yb Teoh, Joseph Jy Sung, James Yw Lau
Background/study aims Laser lithotripsy can effectively fragment complicated biliary stones, but current cholangioscopes are limited by fragility, restricted mobility or moderate visual resolution. The efficacy and safety of a new digital single-operator peroral cholangioscope to guide laser lithotripsy were evaluated. Patients and methods In this prospective single-center series, consecutive patients with complicated biliary stones, defined as impacted stones > 1.5 cm in size and wider than the more distal common bile duct, or stones that failed extraction by basket mechanical lithotripsy, underwent ERCP and SpyGlass DS peroral cholangioscope (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, United States)-guided laser lithotripsy...
January 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329880/successful-removal-of-an-impacted-stone-in-the-common-bile-duct-by-electric-lithotripsy-using-a-needle-knife-and-a-forward-viewing-endoscope
#2
Kinya Fujita, Ko Hasegawa, Takayuki Akamatsu, Takaomi Kasuga, Kazuaki Miyake, Ikuzo Fujii, Sumiharu Morita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316393/chronic-bovine-fasciolosis-associated-cholangiolithiasis-a-case-report
#3
Ananda K Javaregowda, Kavitha B Rani
Cholangiolithiasis is a rare condition in animals wherein the choleliths are formed in the biliary tracts causing chronic inflammation. In the current study, choleliths which were firm and friable concretions of approximately 3-4 cm in diameter were found in the bile ducts of the liver of an adult cattle infected with Fasciola gigantica. Two such irregularly shaped concretions were encountered in the two biliary tracts leading to common bile duct in the liver. There were localized irregular saccular dilatation and numerous liver flukes in the bile ducts...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279776/outcomes-of-laparoscopic-vs-open-common-bile-duct-exploration-analysis-of-the-nsqip-database
#4
Hamzeh M Halawani, Hani Tamim, Farah Khalifeh, Aurélie Mailhac, Ali Taher, Jamal Hoballah, Faek R Jamali
BACKGROUND: Common bile duct exploration (CBDE) is one of the available options in the management of choledocholithiasis. We aim to analyze outcomes comparing the laparoscopic and open approach to CBDE using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing CBDE from year 2008 to 2013 using ACS NSQIP database. The cohort was split into 2 groups and compared based on the operative approach, laparoscopic versus open CBDE...
March 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273606/an-impressive-choledochal-cyst-and-its-surgical-resection
#5
Nhu Thao Nguyen Galván, Kayla Kumm, Dor Yoeli, Ellen Witte, Michael Kueht, Ronald Timothy Cotton, Abbas Rana, Christine A O'Mahony, John A Goss
INTRODUCTION: Choledochal cysts are rare congenital dilations of the biliary tree that can present with non-specific symptoms such as abdominal pain, jaundice, cholelithiasis and pancreatitis. Although most commonly identified in children, they can be found in the adult population. However, because of the non-specific symptoms, this diagnosis may be difficult to make in the adult. A physician therefore must keep this diagnosis within their differential, as it may arise in an unexpected patient population who may present with a convoluted work up...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257325/reply-to-letter-cost-effective-decisions-in-managing-silent-common-bile-duct-stones-should-include-all-the-management-options-to-help-decision-makers
#6
Susie X Sun, Afif N Kulaylat, Christopher S Hollenbeak, David I Soybel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251501/appropriate-patient-selection-is-essential-for-the-success-of-primary-closure-after-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration
#7
Shun-Qian Wen, Qiu-Hui Hu, Ming Wan, Sheng Tai, Xue-Yi Xie, Qing Wu, Shang-Lin Yang, Guan-Qun Liao
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is being increasingly used for management of common bile duct (CBD) stones. Primary CBD closure has been reported to have better short-term outcomes compared to T-tube placement. However, primary CBD closure cannot be performed in all patients. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of LCBDE with primary CBD closure in appropriately selected patients and compare them with T-tube drainage...
March 1, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216968/complications-and-management-of-forgotten-long-term-biliary-stents
#8
Se Hoon Sohn, Jae Hyun Park, Kook Hyun Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim
AIM: To evaluate complications and management outcomes of retained long-term plastic biliary stents. METHODS: Endoscopic plastic biliary stent placement was performed in 802 patients at Yeungnam University Hospital between January 2000 and December 2014. Follow-up loss with a subsequently forgotten stent for more than 12 mo occurred in 38 patients. We retrospectively examined the cause of biliary stent insertion, status of stents, complications associated with biliary stents and management outcomes of long-term plastic biliary stents...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212261/passage-of-gallstones-into-common-bile-duct-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-is-it-surgeon-s-responsibility
#9
Mohammed Bani Hani, Abdel Rahman Al Manasra, Haitham Qandeel
PURPOSE: Gallstones patients without preoperative history of jaundice, deranged liver function tests, or dilated bile ducts (BD) are unlikely to have BD stones. However, some of these patients in our series underwent endoscopic stone(s) removal after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). We aim to find the incidence, possible intraoperative risk factors, and if the Surgeon can be blamed for this event. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied LC cases over 12-year period at our university hospital and identified patients who did not have preoperative risk factors for BD stones but developed postoperative jaundice and/or persistent abdominal pain...
February 16, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203125/migration-of-surgical-clips-into-the-common-bile-duct-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#10
Krishn Kant Rawal
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is currently the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstones. Associated complications include bile duct injury, retained common bile duct (CBD) stones, and migration of surgical clips. Clip migration into the CBD can present with recurrent cholangitis over a period of time. Retained CBD stones can be another cause of recurrent cholangitis. A case of two surgical clips migrating into the common bile duct with few retained stones following LC is reported here. The patient had repeated episodes of fever, pain at epigastrium, jaundice, and pruritus 3 months after LC...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188033/success-and-safety-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-children
#11
Jordan D Rosen, Rebecca S Lane, Jose M Martinez, Eduardo A Perez, Jun Tashiro, Amy E Wagenaar, Robert M Van Haren, Ashwini Kumar, Juan E Sola
PURPOSE: Despite its diagnostic and therapeutic utility, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is underutilized in children. METHODS: Patients younger than 18years undergoing ERCP from 2000 to 2014 at a children's hospital were identified. Patient characteristics and outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Overall, 215 ERCPs (78% therapeutic) were performed in 184 patients. Our cohort was 67% female, with a median age (IQR) of 14 (8) years...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179089/a-snare-assisted-peroral-direct-choledochoscopy-and-pancreatoscopy-using-an-ultra-slim-upper-endoscope-a-case-series-study
#12
Yong-Hui Huang, Hong Chang, Wei Yao, Yao-Peng Zhang, Ke Li, Ye Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness and safety of a new snare-assisted peroral direct choledochoscopy/pancreatoscopy (PDCPS) technique. METHODS: From November 2014 through December 2016, 20 consecutive patients with indications for PDCPS were enrolled in this observational study. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography was initially performed using a conventional duodenoscope, and endoscopic papillary balloon dilation was performed. Next, an ultra-slim endoscope was inserted to perform the PDCPS; a snare tightened around the end of the scope's bending section facilitated its entry into the common bile duct (CBD)...
January 20, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174126/accuracy-of-asge-high-risk-criteria-in-evaluation-of-patients-with-suspected-common-bile-duct-stones
#13
Huiqin He, Chenfei Tan, Jiaguo Wu, Ning Dai, Weiling Hu, Yawen Zhang, Loren Laine, James Scheiman, John J Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is recommended for patients considered high-risk for choledocholithiasis after biochemical testing and abdominal ultrasound. Our aim was to determine whether American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) guidelines accurately select patients where the risk of ERCP is justified. METHODS: Consecutive patients hospitalized with suspected choledocholithiasis at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital who received biochemical testing, abdominal ultrasound, and definitive testing for choledocholithiasis (magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), ERCP, intraoperative cholangiogram (IOC), common bile duct (CBD) exploration) were identified...
February 4, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162157/-comparison-of-three-surgical-patterns-for-cholecysto-choledocholithiasis
#14
J W Du, J H Jin, W X Hu, Z X Wang, H P Zhao
Objective: To investigate the clinical efficiencies of the three surgical patterns in the treatment of cholecysto-choledocholithiasis (CCL). Methods: A total of 157 patients with CCL, during the period from Janury 2012 to Janury 2016 at the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University, were divided into three groups according to surgical patterns: LC-LCBDE Group (laparoscopic cholecystectomy+ laparoscopic common bile duct exploration, n=49), ERCP-LC Group (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography+ laparoscopic cholecystectomy, n=51) and OC-OCBDE Group (open cholecystectomy+ open common bile duct exploration, n=57)...
January 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138229/risk-factors-for-gallbladder-contractility-after-cholecystolithotomy-in-elderly-high-risk-surgical-patients
#15
Tao Wang, Hao Luo, Hong-Tao Yan, Guo-Hu Zhang, Wei-Hui Liu, Li-Jun Tang
OBJECTIVE: Cholecystolithiasis is a common disease in the elderly patient. The routine therapy is open or laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In the previous study, we designed a minimally invasive cholecystolithotomy based on percutaneous cholecystostomy combined with a choledochoscope (PCCLC) under local anesthesia. METHODS: To investigate the effect of PCCLC on the gallbladder contractility function, PCCLC and laparoscope combined with a choledochoscope were compared in this study...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133480/manometric-measurement-of-the-sphincter-of-oddi-in-patients-with-common-bile-duct-stones-a-consecutive-study-of-the-han-population-of-china
#16
Yadong Feng, Jie Zhang, Chunhua Jiao, Hong Zhu, Wenfang Cheng, Shunfu Xu, Bin Xiao, Jinliang Ni, Xiaoxing Chen
Objective. Role of dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi (SO) in choledocholithiasis is controversial. This study was to evaluate SO motor activity in patients with common bile duct (CBD) stones in the Han population of China. Patients and Methods. In this study, 76 patients with CBD stones were enrolled in a single tertiary endoscopy center. Data of SO motor activities was prospectively evaluated by endoscopic manometry. Mean basal SO pressure, amplitude, and frequency were collected and analyzed. Results. The mean basal SO pressure, amplitude, and frequency were 52...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122906/updated-guideline-on-the-management-of-common-bile-duct-stones-cbds
#17
Earl Williams, Ian Beckingham, Ghassan El Sayed, Kurinchi Gurusamy, Richard Sturgess, George Webster, Tudor Young
Common bile duct stones (CBDS) are estimated to be present in 10-20% of individuals with symptomatic gallstones. They can result in a number of health problems, including pain, jaundice, infection and acute pancreatitis. A variety of imaging modalities can be employed to identify the condition, while management of confirmed cases of CBDS may involve endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, surgery and radiological methods of stone extraction. Clinicians are therefore confronted with a number of potentially valid options to diagnose and treat individuals with suspected CBDS...
January 25, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104896/the-role-of-endoscopic-biliary-drainage-without-sphincterotomy-in-gallstone-patients-with-cholangitis-and-suspected-common-bile-duct-stones-not-detected-by-cholangiogram-or-intraductal-ultrasonography
#18
Hyeon Jeong Goong, Jong Ho Moon, Yun Nah Lee, Hyun Jong Choi, Seo-Youn Choi, Moon Han Choi, Min Jin Kim, Tae Hoon Lee, Sang-Heum Park, Hae Kyung Lee
Background/Aims: Treatment for cholangitis without common bile duct (CBD) stones has not been established in patients with gallstones. We investigated the usefulness of endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) without endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) in patients diagnosed with gallstones and cholangitis without CBD stones by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and intraductal ultrasonography (IDUS). Methods: EBD using 5-F plastic stents without EST was performed prospectively in patients with gallstones and cholangitis if CBD stones were not diagnosed by ERCP and IDUS...
January 20, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103928/primary-carcinoma-of-the-cystic-duct-a-case-report-and-review-of-classifications
#19
Lovenish Bains, Daljit Kaur, Arun Kumar Kakar, Aman Batish, Seema Rao
BACKGROUND: The incidence of extrahepatic bile duct malignancies is about 2-3.6% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Primary carcinoma of cystic duct is a rare condition comprising a fraction of all extrahepatic bile duct malignancies with less than 70 cases reported worldwide. Majority of these cases were reported from East Asia. There is paucity in such case being reported from Indian subcontinent. We present a case of primary carcinoma of the cystic duct encountered during laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101305/recurrence-of-choledocholithiasis-following-endoscopic-bile-duct-clearance-long-term-results-and-factors-associated-with-recurrent-bile-duct-stones
#20
Christos Konstantakis, Christos Triantos, Vasileios Theopistos, Georgios Theocharis, Ioannis Maroulis, Georgia Diamantopoulou, Konstantinos Thomopoulos
AIM: To evaluate the rate of recurrence of symptomatic choledocholithiasis and identify factors associated with the recurrence of bile duct stones in patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) for bile duct stone disease. METHODS: All patients who underwent ERCP and EST for bile duct stone disease and had their bile duct cleared from 1/1/2005 until 31/12/2008 was enrolled. All symptomatic recurrences during the study period (until 31/12/2015) were recorded...
January 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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