Read by QxMD icon Read

Pelvic floor muscle training

Liga Blyholder, Elizabeth Chumanov, Kathleen Carr, Bryan Heiderscheit
BACKGROUND: With a recent increase in running popularity, more women choose to run during and after pregnancy. Little research has examined exercise behaviors and postpartum health conditions of runners. HYPOTHESIS: Antenatal and postpartum exercise is beneficial in reducing certain postpartum health conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5. METHODS: A self-administered, online survey was developed that consisted of questions regarding antenatal and postpartum exercise behaviors, maternal history, and postpartum health conditions...
October 14, 2016: Sports Health
Marieke L van Engelenburg-van Lonkhuyzen, Esther M J Bols, Marc A Benninga, Wim A Verwijs, Rob A de Bie
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Functional constipation (FC) is a common childhood problem often related to pelvic floor muscle dysfunction. We compared the effectiveness of pelvic physiotherapy (PPT) vs standard medical care (SMC) in children with FC. METHODS: We performed a multicenter randomized controlled trial of 53 children (5-16 years old) with FC according to the Rome III criteria, at hospitals in The Netherlands from December 2009 to May 2014. Group allocation was concealed using a central computer system...
September 17, 2016: Gastroenterology
Shimon Segal, Abraham Morse, Purnima Sangal, Nathan Hirsch, Neeraj Kohli
OBJECTIVES: Pelvic floor muscle training can be effective in alleviating urinary incontinence; however, women need instruction, motivation, and feedback to gain optimal benefit from pelvic rehabilitation. The Food and Drug Administration-approved FemiScan Pelvic Floor Therapy System uses office electromyography and an in-home programmable device to provide training, motivation, and feedback between office visits. This study was undertaken to document the outcomes of women who completed an MD-supervised program using the FemiScan Pelvic Floor Therapy System...
September 16, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Luciana Laureano Paiva, Lia Ferla, Caroline Darski, Bruna Maciel Catarino, José Geraldo Lopes Ramos
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urinary Incontinence (UI) in women is a condition that becomes more common with age. Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) is recommended as a first option of treatment for women with symptoms of stress urinary incontinence (SUI), mixed urinary incontinence (MUI), and for some with symptoms of urge urinary incontinence (UUI). PFMT can be performed in groups, individually, and at home, and there is no consensus as to which of the approaches is more efficient for the conservative treatment of UI...
September 9, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Ina Asklund, Emma Nyström, Malin Sjöström, Göran Umefjord, Hans Stenlund, Eva Samuelsson
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of a mobile app treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial, conducted 2013-2014 in Sweden. Community-dwelling adult women with ≥1 SUI episode/week recruited through our website and randomized to app treatment (n = 62) or control group (postponed treatment, n = 61). One participant from each group was lost to follow-up. Intervention was the mobile app Tät(®) with a treatment program focused on pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), and information about SUI and lifestyle factors...
September 9, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Anna Lindgren, G Dunberger, A Enblom
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to describe how gynaecological cancer survivors (GCS) experience incontinence in relation to quality of life, their possibilities for physical activity and exercise and their perceptions and experiences of pelvic floor muscle training. METHOD: This qualitative interview content analysis study included 13 women (48-82 age) with urinary (n = 10) or faecal (n = 3) incontinence after radiation therapy (n = 2), surgery (n = 5) and surgery and radiation therapy (n = 6) for gynaecological cancer, 0...
September 5, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Jenny Kurz, Diane Borello-France
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postpartum women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence (UI) are often managed by physical therapists specializing in women's health. Movement system impairments often co-exist in this patient population. The purpose of this case study was to describe the physical therapy management of a post-partum female with POP complicated by additional pelvic symptoms. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 31-year-old post-partum female presented with POP, diastasis recti, UI, and constipation...
September 1, 2016: Physical Therapy
Valeria Regina Silva, Cássio Luis Zanettini Riccetto, Natalia Miguel Martinho, Joseane Marques, Leonardo Cesar Carvalho, Simone Botelho
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: several studies have been investigated co-activation can enhance the effectveness of PFM training protocols allowing preventive and therapeutic goals in pelvic floor dysfunctions. The objective of the present study was to investigate if an abdominal-pelvic protocol of training (APT) using gametherapy would allow co-activation of PFM and transversus abdominis/oblique internal (TrA/OI) muscles. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five nulliparous, continent, young females, with median age 24...
July 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Thomas Frieling
Fecal incontinence is defined by the unintentional loss of solid or liquid stool, and anal incontinence includes leakage of gas and / or fecal incontinence. Anal-fecal incontinence is not a diagnosis but a symptom. Many patients hide the problem from their families, friends, and even their doctors. Epidemiologic studies indicate a prevalence between 7-15 %, up to 30 % in hospitals and up to 70 % in longterm care settings. Anal-fecal incontinence causes a significant socio-economic burden. There is no widely accepted approach for classifying anal-fecal incontinence available...
August 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Seyedeh-Sanam Ladi-Seyedian, Lida Sharifi-Rad, Navid Manouchehri, Bahar Ashjaei
PURPOSE: We assessed the effectiveness of transcutaneous interferential (IF) electrical stimulation on constipation in postoperative Hirschsprung's disease (HD) patients. METHODS: Thirty HD children (18 boys and 12 girls) with constipation who had no surgical complication were enrolled and then randomly divided into two treatment groups. The control group underwent only behavioral therapy comprising high fiber diet, hydration, toilet training and pelvic floor muscles exercises while; the IF group underwent behavioral therapy plus IF electrical stimulation...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Chantal M C R Panman, Marian Wiegersma, Boudewijn J Kollen, Marjolein Y Berger, Yvonne Lisman-van Leeuwen, Karin M Vermeulen, Janny H Dekker
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of pessary treatment compared with pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in women with pelvic organ prolapse over a 2-year period. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial with women (≥55 y) with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse, identified by screening. Participants were recruited from 20 primary care practices (October 2009-December 2012). Primary outcome was the difference in change of pelvic floor symptoms (PFDI-20 score) between groups over 24 months...
August 8, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Carolyn Vandyken, Sandra Hilton
INTRODUCTION: The complexity of female sexual pain requires an interdisciplinary approach. Physical therapists trained in pelvic health conditions are well positioned to be active members of an interdisciplinary team addressing the assessment and treatment of female sexual pain. Changes within physical therapy practice in the last ten years have resulted in significant utilization of pelvic floor muscle relaxation and manual therapy techniques to address a variety of pelvic pain conditions, including female sexual pain...
August 3, 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
A D Markland, J E Jelovsek, W E Whitehead, D K Newman, U U Andy, K Dyer, I Harm-Ernandes, S Cichowski, J McCormick, C Rardin, G Sutkin, A Shaffer, S Meikle
BACKGROUND: Standardized training and clinical protocols using biofeedback for the treatment of fecal incontinence (FI) are important for clinical care. Our primary aims were to develop, implement, and evaluate adherence to a standardized protocol for manometric biofeedback to treat FI. METHODS: In a Pelvic Floor Disorders Network (PFDN) trial, participants were enrolled from eight PFDN clinical centers across the United States. A team of clinical and equipment experts developed biofeedback software on a novel tablet computer platform for conducting standardized anorectal manometry with separate manometric biofeedback protocols for improving anorectal muscle strength, sensation, and urge resistance...
July 24, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Natalia M Martinho, Valéria R Silva, Joseane Marques, Leonardo C Carvalho, Denise H Iunes, Simone Botelho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of abdominopelvic training by virtual reality compared to pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) using a gym ball (a previously tested and efficient protocol) on postmenopausal women's pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 60 postmenopausal women, randomly allocated into two groups: Abdominopelvic training by virtual reality - APT_VR (n=30) and PFMT using a gym ball - PFMT_GB (n=30)...
March 22, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Sachin Malde, Néha Sihra, Sahar Naaseri, Marco Spilotros, Eskinder Solomon, Mahreen Pakzad, Rizwan Hamid, Jeremy L Ockrim, Tamsin J Greenwell
OBJECTIVE: To assess the presenting features and medium-term symptomatic outcomes in women having excision of urethral diverticulum with Martius labial fat pad (MLFP) interposition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed our prospective database of all female patients having excision of a symptomatic urethral diverticulum between 2007 and 2015. Data on demographics, presenting symptoms and clinical features were collected, as well as postoperative outcomes. RESULTS: In all, 70 women with a mean (range) age of 46...
July 13, 2016: BJU International
Adilson Mendes, Juliana R C Rodolpho, Luiza A K Hoga
REVIEW AIM: To explore the outcomes of non-pharmacological and non-surgical resources used to treat female urinary incontinence (UI). DESIGN: It is an integrative review (IR) of literature. METHODS: The databases CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts, The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Lilacs, Scielo, IBECS, BDENF, and Medcarib were explored. The grey literature, hand searching, and backtracking of references of primary studies were also explored...
August 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Hedwig Neels, Jean-Jacques Wyndaele, Wiebren A A Tjalma, Stefan De Wachter, Michel Wyndaele, Alexandra Vermandel
[Purpose] Proper pelvic floor function is important to avoid serious dysfunctions including incontinence, prolapse, and sexual problems. The current study evaluated the knowledge of young nulliparous women about their pelvic floor and identified what additional information they wanted. [Subjects and Methods] In this cross-sectional survey, a validated, 36 item questionnaire was distributed to 212 nulliparous women. The questionnaire addressed demography, pelvic floor muscles, pelvic floor dysfunction, and possible information sources...
May 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Lan-Fang Hsu, Yuan-Mei Liao, Fu-Chih Lai, Pei-Shan Tsai
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and metaanalysis compared the effects of biofeedback-assisted pelvic floor muscle training with those of pelvic floor muscle training alone in patients with urinary incontinence after radical prostetactomy. DESIGN: A review and metaanalysis study design. DATA SOURCES: The metaanalysis was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and MetaAnalyses guidelines. A systematic search of PubMed/Medline OVID, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library, BioMed Central, Web of Science, Chinese Electronic Periodical Services, Chinese Journal and Thesis Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure was performed for retrieving records...
August 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Beth Shelly
Pelvic muscle exercises can help improve symptoms of pelvic floor muscle dysfunction. This article describes the case of a 66-year-old woman with moderate pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and mild urinary incontinence (UI) who initiated pelvic muscle exercises with the assistance of a novel, at-home trainer equipped with a vaginal sensor and accompanying smartphone app software, the PeriCoach system (Analytica, 2015). After 8 weeks of training with the device, she showed improvements in strength, endurance, and disability, as measured by manual muscle test, electromyography, and Pelvic Floor Disability Index scores...
March 2016: Urologic Nursing
Anna Lindh, Malin Sjöström, Hans Stenlund, Eva Samuelsson
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to determine predictors of long-term success in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) treated with a 3-month pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) program delivered via the Internet or a brochure. METHODS: We included 169 women with SUI ≥1 time/week who completed the 1-year follow-up (n = 169, mean age 50.3, SD 10.1 years). Three outcome variables defined success after 1 year: Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I), International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF), and sufficient treatment...
June 3, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"